PEACE PACT FACES
FIRST CRUCIAL TEST
Kellogg Treaty to Go Into Ef
fect Formally at Ceremonies
t to Be Held Wednesday.
(Continued From First Page.)
through whom the replies of the con- ,
tending nations are expected.
Since Russia Is not recognized by
the United States, her reaction to the
peace move, started by the American
Government and Joined by the three
other members of the Pacific treaty,
Is expected to be received through
Although the French and Chinese
representatives met Mr. Stlmson at his
hotel, at different hours, neither
brought a reply to the main question,
and Secretary Btlmson arranged to
keep in touch with the situation today.
It was understood from the French em
bassy that Ambassador Claudel called
to assure Mr. Stlmson of the hearty co
operation of M. Brland, French foreign
minister and co-author with Mr. Kel
logg of the anti-war treaty.
Dr. Wu Assures Stlmson.
Dr. Wu, according to a statement
last night, already had assured Sec
retary Stlmson that China would keep
her obligation and avoid resort to force
against Russia. Although he was sup
ported completely In this by a state
ment given out in Shanghai by C. T.
Wang, Chinese foreign minister, Dr.
Wu said he had no further information
from his government.
With both China and Russia con
ditioning their promises on the other
avoiding aggression, official quarters
showed some concern lest troops along
the Manchurian border commit some
overt act on their own responsibility
which might touch off a conflagration
before the contending nations were offi
cially on record as willing to arbitrate
Warlike Moves Are Denied.
Washington was reassured, however,
that beyond the street demonstrations
In the interior there were no open
warlike preparations In the Russian in
terior. It was officially learned that
tiie Russian troops concentrated at
three or four strategic points along the
Manchurian border had not been re
inforced from the interior and that
these troops were those regularly
maintained along the border. At least
one of the "Chinese towns’’ reported
taken by these Russian troops was es
tablished, in these official advices, to
have been the Russian town of Pogran
The concentration of Russian troops
at certain border points was described
in these advices as precautionary moves
actuated by reports of high anti-Rus
sian feeling among white Russians in
Upper Manchuria. If Russia were pre
paring for war, it was reasoned In the
Information, there would be extensive
troop movements from the Russian in
terior to the border.
Delicate Situation Is Created.
The presence of any troops on the
border, in view of the high war feeling,
was regarded, however, as presenting a
delicate situation which might have far
reaching consequences in spite of both
countries’ protestations that they did
not intend war.
It was pointed out that steps to bring
about arbitration of the points in dis
pute could not be taken until both
countries had officially called for such
Plans went forward at the White
House and State Department to make
much of the ceremony formally putting
the Kellogg pact Into effect. Announce
ment that former President Coolidge
had accepted President Hoover’s invita
tion to attend, barring an emergency in
the condition of Mrs. Goodhue, mother
of Mrs. Coolidge, was made at the
White House by direction of the Presi
It was said that President Hoover had 1
written his predecessor that the cere
mony would not be complete without
the presence of the world leader, who
was the moving spirit behind the nego
tiations for the Kellogg pact.
The fact that Mr. Coolidge was in
vited by telegraph, as Indicated by the
White House information, was taken
to indicate that the present crisis in
the Far East, challenging the efficacy
of the Kellogg pact, had impelled Presi
dent Hoover to make more of the oc
casion than originally intended. In
previous announcement there has been
no mention of Mr. Coolidge attending,
although It was said that Mr. Kellogg
would be present.
Coolidge to Be White House Guest.
Mr. Coolidge will be a house guest
at the White House during his stay In
Washington on this occasion. It is
not known yet just when he will ar
rive, but it Is thought that he will
present himself either Tuesday night
SjJ C l CURING the past seventeen years Morris Plan in- ■
I I ./ stitutions have served more than five million men
I j and women in every walk of life, who have borrowed
! I j more than one and a quarter billion dollars for almost as
II many purposes as there are needs for money.
Morris Plan service has real community value. It gives
credit to men and women wage-earners and'salaried em-
I ployes, at reasonable rates under liberal terms, on the
1 basis of integrity and earning capacity.
I | Not only the borrower, but merchants and the general
business community, including the banks, benefit from
Morris Plan service, for the reason that it enables debtors |
jf| to pay their debts, and helps these individual borrowers to 1
YU work out their money problems, and to better themselves
' flj financially to the point where they become logical clients nfi
H of commercial banks. j
Morris Plan loans are made in amounts of from $l2O up, j
with repayments arranged in convenient installments over
ilia period of one year or less. .
! H | Any constructive purpose for which you need money will
receive courteous and confidential consideration here.
I; MORRIS PLAN BANK
■ I Under Supervision of U. S. Treasury | M
flj 1408 H St. N.W. Washington, D. C jjwj
TYPES OF RUSSIAN WAR WEAPONS BEING RUSHED TO FRONT
f ; I'MWlrq 1B«1 psgg^^fjg^<v?SL j mBJL «.
fiJ 1 WkM
I ■ BBM» I Rb.ll I . iRHR/
- • ■ ... I 11. liMMi itiiniinHiiii.M.^...;*
Both Russia and China are massing
result of the latest outbreak between the
♦ ...-r — two countries. The upper picture shows
-■S'-- v.. Inspection of tanks. Lower, an armor
- J • ed car. —Wide World Photos.
or Wednesday morning. This will be
his first, visit to the Capital since he
left for his home in Northampton. It
is not thought likely that Mrs. Coolldge
will accompany him.
The ceremony, occasioned by the de
positing of the adherence of Japan, the
fifteenth high contracting party, as
stipulated in the treaty, is to be held
in the East Room, and it was disclosed
today that President Hoover, in pro
claiming the Instrument in full force
and effect, would make an address.
President Hoover’s address, under the
circumstances, with two of the signa-1
tories on the verge of war. is expected !
to be addressed to the world, in effect, |
and possibly to deal with the situation ,
which has put the Kellogg pact to its ]
severest test before it actually has gone
In addition to members of his cab
inet, the diplomatic corps and some
others, the ceremony will be attended
by Senator William E. Borah, chair
man foreign relations committee, and
Senator Claude A. Swanson, ranking
As a token of their good faith. China
and Russia both will be represented,
the formed by Dr. Wu, Chinese Minister
to the Unied States and the latter by
Ambassador Claudel of Prance, who will
be present in dual capacity, for both
his own country and Russia. It was
through Foreign Miinister Briand of
Prance that Russia signed the treaty.
International Hook-Up Is Studied.
President Coolidge will be a guest of
honor at a luncheon to follow the cere
mony. The ceremony is set for 1 p.m.
There was some discussion tonight of
arranging a radio hook-uo which might
carry the President’s address not cn!y
throughout this country, but r:n
The pact, as it goes into effect, will '
bear the signatures of 15 nations as 1
high contracting parties, and of 26 (
other signatories as adhering parties.
China and Russia are among the 26
JAPAN GETS RUSSIA'S VIEWS.
Ambassador Explains Position to Foreign
TOKIO, July 20 VP).—A Japanese
News Agency dispatch from Manchuli,
Manchuria, sent late in the afternoon !
today, indicated that yesterday’s re
ported occupation of Manchuli by Rus
sian troops w r as false.
Russian Ambassador Trovanovsky
called on Foreign Minister Shldehara
this afternoon and explained the Rus
sian position regarding the Russo-Chi
It was stated that Trovanovsky did
not mention the question* of Japan’s
THE SUNDAY STAR, WASHINGTON. P. C., JULY 21. 1929-PakT 1.
neutrality or raise the subject of pos
The Soviet embassy today declared
it had received no news of Russian in
vasion of Manchuria and doubts dis
patches to that effect.
A Rengo dispatch from Harbin states
that in view of the acute situation along
the eastern border of Manchuria, all
Japanese left Progranichnaya on a
special train at noon Friday.
Gen. Savelov. former Czarist Cos
sack leader, has established headquar
ters at Harbin and claims already to
I have enlisted 600 white volunteers to
j fight the Reds.
| CHINA PUTS BLAME ON SOVIET, i
Nationalists Sever AH Relations With
Russia and Banish Envoys.
NANKING, China, July 19 (Delayed)
(/P ). —The State Council of the Na
tionalist government tonight decided to
sever all relations with Russia. Diplo
matic officials will be requested to leave
China. The Nationalist government has
requested Germany to take over direc
tion of Chinese affairs in Russia, since
all Chinese diplomatic officials will be
The council drew up a proclamation
explaining the position of China in the
present crisis. It will be made public
after signature by the presidents of the
Although the text has not yet been
released, it was understood that, it
would say that since China and Russia
signed the Kellogg pact for outlawry
of war China had been forced to take
Deaceful rmans to terminate Russian
propaganda in Manchuria. It was ex- j
pectcd also to say that Russia had j
moved to interrupt international ccm
municatiens between the two countries
1 and that if war becomes inevitable the
I responsibility can rest solely on the
Russians, despite their signifying their
agreement with the Kellogg pact.
DR. WANG EXPLAINS ACTION.
Chinese Foreign Minister Says Railway
Seiaed as Defensive Move.
NEW YORK, July 20 OP).—Foreign
Minister C. T. Wang was quoted as
saying that it was absolutely incorrect
to infer that China had nullified Rus
sian interests in the Chinese Eastern
Railway in Shanghai dispatches of the
Kuo Min Nev.'s Agency today.
“The present attitude of the Soviet
government compelled us to take pre
cautionary and defensive measures,”
agency quoted the minister as saying.
“This is not to be interpreted that we
have abandoned hope to have the ques
tion settled by peaceful means. The
orders of Soviet agents to use the Chi
nese Eastern Railway as a base for
Communist propaganda against China’s
government and our existing social In
stitutions give China justification for
resorting to the preventive and emer
gency measures of taking over the
control of the railway and Its tele
“It is absolutely Incorrect to Infer
that we have nullified the Russian in
terests In the railway. There Is no
ground to fear, on the part of either
Russia or any other power, that foreign
enterprises In China for purely legiti
mate purposes will not be duly re
" * . .. • •
July and August^
D’ IAY in and day out the race of business t
goes on. The race of volume and profit.
’ In this great race we find the merchant
who, like the hare of fable fame, has had
such a successful business that he curtails his
advertising investment during July and August
and rests. Then there is the merchant who, like
the wise old tortoise, pursues a plan of consistent
advertising month in and month out, knowing
that people do read advertising and that their
purchases will help win the race of increased
Moral: Advertising Pays
Consistent Advertising Pays Better
' ' ■ \ '' ' ; • ••• ■•’ • •• *• ' * . . . •
v ' ’ ■; . >.,<;•
: ■., ... .. . ■ ■ ■ ! * • - : ■ ■ •
FAME BY HOBBIES
One Turns to Silversmiths
Craft and Other Collects
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. July 20.—Two London
clergymen, who turned to precious gems
and silversmlthing as hobbles, are
gaining world fame as experts in their
The Rev. G. G. Langdon of Bt.
Matthew’s Church is a famous silver
smith and queries come to him from all
over the world about church ornaments.
In North London there Is the Rev.
Charles W. Cooper, vicar of St. Paul’s,
Canodbury, who has spent a lifetime In
the collection of precious stones. He
finds joy and Inspiration In their color
Mr. Cooper has studied the gems of
the world scientifically and historically,
and he is the owner of a collection run- ;
ning Into hundreds.
Collection of Rare Gems.
In hls study he has cabinets of speci
mens of gems of which all have heard
and stones bearing names utterly un
known to the public. There are rubies,
agates, amethysts and aquamarines; the
casslterlte, the sphene, the white garnet
and the spodumen.
On the parsonage wall is a repro
duction of the “Breastplate of the High
Priest,” made by Mr. Cooper and set
with 12 precious stones. There are
framed stones, too, a great case of
virgin exhibits on the mantelshelf, and
boxes of “natural specimens."
On the shelves. Interspersed with
Crockford and theological tomes, are
volumes dealing with geology and gems.
In a comer by the window is Mr.
Cooper’s small work bench.
“During the air raids,” he recalls,
“I sat there until 3 o’clock in the morn
ing, alone in the house, grinding opals.
It used to drive all thought of air raids
out of my mind.
“I suppose I have many hundreds of
precious and semi-precious stones.
Sometimes jewelers come to me for
duplicates, and I have been able to
advise dealers. But I love precious
stones for themselves and do not allow
them to overcome me.”
Mr. Cooper keeps most of his gems
and his pieces of precious atone in cot
ton wool in small glass cases. He has
accumulated his collection by discreet
purchases here and there—at second
PLANTS YEAR ’ROUND
Every Season Brings Crop Harvest
for Dwellers in Fertile Valley
BROWNSVILLE, Tex. OP).— lt is one
planting and harvesting after another 1
for farmers in the Rio Grande Valley. I
No season is exempt.
Pall cabbage is planted any time
from July 1 to December 1. It is mar
i keted about 130 or 150 days after plant
Planting dates on cauliflower range
from July 15 to November 15. The mar
keting season runs from October to
March. Egg plant is an all-year crop.
July, January or the Spring is pep
per-planting time. Tomatoes are plant
ed all through the Summer for Pall
In the old days of advertising retail
merchants, patent medicine makers
and tobacco dealers were the largest
users of newspaper and magasine pub
VALUE OF CENTERS
' TOLD BY DIRECTOR
Use of Schools by Community
Held Worth More Here
Community centers In the National
Capital "mean more than in moot
cities," Miss Sibyl Baker, director cf the
Community Center Department of the
Public Schools of the District of Co
Save Money on All
of Your Building Needs
New Lumber |
3—Branches— 3 New Plumbing
MAIN OFFICE-6 T -B«.C.Sts.S.W. tT fl 1 A T\
CAMP MEIGS'S I * & Fla. Ave.N.E. NpW Kt IIHAPt
BRIGHTWOOD-5921 Ga.Ave.N.W. IJCI9II IX I/UUI 9
lumbta, told the radio audience • t
WMAL last night.
"There are place#,'* she said, speaking
under auspices of the Washington Cham*
ber of Commerce, "where community
centers are gymnasiums and playrooms.
Others where they *re auditoriums and
clubrooms. Sometimes they are cen
ters for citizens’ forums, sometimes )ust
“Here In Washington," she said, "your
community centers are all these things
and more. They are really the center
of the city’s community life. In these
halls the citizens meet and fix public
opinions, on the stages our artists and
musicians find expression, great think
ers and artists come from far to lend
us their Inspiration. Gymnasiums,
playrooms, drill halls, swimming pools,
stadiums, tennis courts, playflelds, all
are yours. There are music rooms and
art studios for you, pianos, spotlights,
sewing machines, carpenter shops, Vlc
trolas, stcreoptlcons, moving picture ma
chines. In short here In Washington
the equipment and facilities of the pub
lic schools belong to the public.”
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