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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 21, 1929, Image 5

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Smithsonian Experts Hope to j
Gain Valued Data From
Outer Space.
Assorted Press Science Editor.
A day when rockets might be sent
H 5 far Into the atmosphere as man de- j
sires, is foreseen by Smithsonian Insti
tittion scientists as the result of Dr.
R. H. Goddard’s "moon rocket” tests
in Massachusetts, the last of which
alarmed Worecester three days ago. |
The institution has spent more than ,
*12,000 in the last. 12 years In backing
the experiments, and Dr. C. G. Abbot.)
its secretary, yesterday made public,
from Dr, Goddard’s official report the
importance of the recent explosive,
"’no such wild project a* going to:;
the moon is contemplated.” Dr. Abbot |
said. "We wish to create a method to i
Bather meteorological and atmospheric |.
data in outer space, which man can not j
reach by aerial navigation, balloons, or . ■
kl Delicate instruments will be carried in !
the completed rocket, which will be ,
equipped with a parachute. When the j
force of the propellant is expended, the
rocket,, if everything goes as planned,
will float gently to earth and ihein
.truments will be returned unharmed.
What the ultimate value of the rocke.
Is to mankind is a question of interest
ing conjecture to scientists, as it has
been throughout the years
writers and inventors with a Jules
Verne imaginalion.
Initial Experiment.
Dr. Abbot asserted that the rocket’s J
recent flight, compared with tne nrsi
flight of Dr. S. P. Langley’s engine-pro
pelled airplane. May 6. 1896. 2 vpr *l#
potemar. That pilotless craft flew half
* ■■Suppose any one had said." Dr. Abbot
askedL "Oh. well, what good is ai
half-mile flying machine?’ The answer
is that in 1927. Lindbergh flew a 3.000-1
mile living machine and the other day
Mendell and Reinhart flew an 18.000- ,
mile flying machine. »
• Similarly, if any one now savs. Well.,
what good is a 1.000-foot flying rocket? ,
the answer is that, like Langleys first |
flight it demonstrates the success of i
a new method of propulsion in the at- j
111 "With automatic stabilization, and
carrying more fuel, rockets built on ;
exactly the same principle as Dr.
Goddard's will soon fly as high as we j
like and bring back precious records.
Instead of high explosives, propul- .
sion is furnished by th» steady com
bustion of hydrocarbons in liquid oxy- |
2 cn Dr. Goddard's conquest of all ;
ihe difficulties of burning hydrocar- j
hens in liquid oxvgen for th« first time
experimentally overcame the problem ■
of high flight. . . . ,
"The last remaining obstacle in de
vising a suitable rocket" Dr Abbott ;
said, "has been passed in seven stages ,
of development. There remains now j
onlv the final work of perfecting, in .
field trials, the guiding mechanisn to |
insure continuously vertical flight, and ;
of adding automatic recording instru- :
ments for observation,”
Goal of Rocket.
Through the medium of th« rocket
science seeks to secure four things: j
Samples of the upper air for chemical
nnalvsis; measurements of temperature j
and pressure in distant space: camera ,
spcctozraphs of the sun. beyond ihe i
ozone layer which now cuts out the
region of the ultra-violet, and measure- ,
menus at will of the condition of the
atmosphere for aviation. I
"This last problem, of course, is of \
great practical interest." Dr. Abbot said. :
"A rocket which could he set, to explore
the meteorological condition of the air
at any height, and to bring back its
record to within a mile of the starting
point and within an hour of its send- j
infe. would be a boon to aviation. .
"Sounding balloons, although they |
can rise 15 or 20 miles, often drift 15rt (
miles from their starting point and may ,
never be recovered with their recording j
apparatus, or only aft°r days or weeks, i
Dr. Goddard proposed the develop- j
ment of the rocket to the Smithsonian
In 1916. He had already worked upon |
the problem for several years. He ,
showed by mathematics that it is pos- |
jrible for a rocket to carry sufficient high- j
power explosive to propel itself beyond ;
the atmosphere, which extends upward j
at. least 200 miles, and even to go be
yond recovery of the earth's gravita- |
tion. It would then become a man
made meteor in outer space. j,
With automatic stabilizers t 0 insure ;
vertical flight already designed, all ♦ hat \ i
remains to complete th* rocket, will be
the design of automatic apparatus to
record meteorological measurements, a
camera to photograph the sun’s spec
trum and air samplers.
— •
i i
• Continued From First. Page.) 1
■ ■
ambulances and motor workshops; J i
Italy, coal dyestuffs and pharmaceutical ( i
products, while Poland obtained horses. | 1
The agent general again warns
Germany to keep down expenditures, i
• Characteristic of the budgets of most
administrations in recent years has
been a great, productivity of the reve
nues and at the same time a constantly ,
increasing level of expenditures, going ,
even bevond the rising revenues.’ ’ | (
He said that this necessitated ex
tensive borrowing and resulted in much
tension in the finances of Germany. ,
He was convinced however; that all "
budgetary difficulties have thrown no j
doubt on the essential soundness of the j
finances of the Reich.
The report said that foreign trade j
continued its upward trend during the I
seven months ending in May. The ex
cess of imports over exports for that
period was only 444.000,000 mark a«
compared wi'h 1.759.000.000 for the
same period of the previous year. The
imports had dropped somewhat below
their high level while the exports con
tinued to rise. This great, reduction in j
the adverse balance was called perhaps ,
the most important trade development ,
for the period under review.
Steel Production Up.
The report specially mentions the J
high production of steel mi’ls. The j
steel production contingent has been ;
raised twice this year.
The harvest of 1928 was the greatest
since *he war but was met with a de- ;
dine in prices of whpnt and rye. while
the price decline was of serious conse
mience to the producer the large Ger
man crop had a most helpful effect
on the trade balance.
In his discussion of German credit
conditions Mr. Gilbert said:
"The critical period has passed and (
G*rman business as a whole is again
going forward subject to the restraint ,
imposed hv th* high co«t of money.
Rebuilding the demertic supply of capi
tal to a point where interest rates de
cllne remains, since stabilization, the
central problem of German econ
omy. • * *
"The uncertainty as to the outcome
in Paris (of negotiations for revision
of reparations payments) had its ef
fect. The unanimous agreement
reached by the exn-rts early in June
r ,moved this fe-ling of uncertainty ,
and itself h«enme a factor of direct
■nd immediate economic importance."
Pit bovs from closed coal mines in i
tv?.!es are receiving government train
'‘P* in hairdressing.
i ...., ■■ ■
V N * *■*' '
"wbh Hk 41 If Ha Mk
Jfl I J 9b v
Lilm 1m -
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Randolph Zeph. 1328 Hemlock street, and his three sisters, all over 80. who
were together for the first time in 15 years during a family reunion recently in
Omaha. Nebr. Although Mr. Zeph has psssed his eighty-first anniversary, he Is
still “baby brother” to the sisters. In the hack row. left to right, are: Mrs.
Gertrude Schafer, 88: Mrs. Eva Flenhold. 82. and Mrs. Emma Zlmmerer, 85.
The sisters live in Omaha. Los Angeles and Arion, lowa.
American Prima Donna Says
Husband Treated Her
Each Wishes Happiness for
Other After Decree Is
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. July 20. —A divorce was
granted today to Edith Mason Polacco.
prima donna of the Chicago Civic Opcr.i
Co., from Giorgio Polacco, director of
thp same company.
The decree, granted by Judge Hugo
Friend in Circuit Court, gives Mis;
Mason custody of their 4-year-olri
daughter. Grace Edith. No alimony
was asked and a property settlement
was made out of court.
Polacco did not appear. Although
represented by an attorney, the sut
was not contested. A short statement
from the famous musician, released
through his attorney, said.
“I have nothing to say but, that. I am
heart-broken. This terrible situation is
certainly a dreadful blow to me. I am
sure that during my absence some mis-:
understanding brought, this about. I
wish Mrs. Polacco every happiness, and
shall always hold her in the highest
regard and affection.”
Shewn to Ex-Wife.
His name was sign-d to the state
ment. It was shown t,o Miss Mason.
”1 certainly wish him every happi
ness." she said. "We both have con
tracts for the coming season with the
Civic Opera Co., and I will sing while
he is conducting the orchestra. It will
give me very great pleasure to sing wdth
She said he attempted a reconcilia- ,
tion. The suit was filed while he was
in Europe apd made public shortly be
fore his return early this month.
Polacco continuously swore at his
wi/e. hurl'd abusive epithets at iier.
nagged and found fault with her tinMl
her nerves were ruined and she was on
the verge of collapse, she told the court
granting the decree.
He told me." she testified, "that
wives and cattle should be of one’s own j
Collapsed on Tear.
Enumerating a number of acts of,
mental and physical cruelty, the opera
singer charged his abusive conduct so
weakened her that she collapsed in th'-
mldst of a tour through the Southwest !
and was unable to continue with her ;
When Polacco sailed for Europe last
April, she testified, he threatened h e r
and told her that when he arrived in
Italy he intended to cut her name from
his will.
Polacco. under the terms of th
divorce, is to have a voice in the edu
cation and training of their daughter.
Miss Mason is one of the few Amerl- ]
can-born women to achieve interna
tional fame as an opera singer. H°r '
father was a St. Louis grain operator. !
She made her American d-hut. in "Der i
(■Continued From First Page.)
Ihe first fire. One rifle bullet striking
his head and another his hip.
When their comrade fell, the Amer
ican patrolmen rushed into the open
and charged the Mexicans on this side
of the border. In the meantime, the
Mexican horseman had joined the fight
and charged at the United States
patrolmen with an automatic in each
One patrolman singled out the horse
man and armed only with the regula
tion aerviee pistol, went, out to meet the
He got his man, shooting the horse
out from under him. but only wounding
the rider, who under the cover of fire
from the Mexican side, escaped across
the border.
Trails of blood found after the battle
indicated that several of the rum run
ners had been wounded.
Border patrolmen, who work under
the direction of the Immigration office,
have been active recently in co-opera
tion with mounted cusioms agents in
baiting liquor smuggling, which i* car
ried on by a well organized band with
headquerfer* in Juarez.
Christmas Eve. 1928. a mounted cus
toms Inspector was killed in practically
the seme way. a few miles east of where
Scotten was slain.
Border Patrol Always “Gets Its Man,”
Treasury Officials Say.
Confidence that the cus*oms border
patrol eventually wruld capture the
smugglers who killed Inspector Ivan E.
Scotten In a fight, between border
patrolmen end Mexican smugglers near
El Paso early today, was expressed to
night by Treasury official'.
Ho report of the battle had been re
ceived. but it was expected that one
was en route to the Customs Bureau.
Pending it* receipt, officials were ret
icent regarding the fight,, but declared
,bat many brushes between Mexican
smugglers and the customs patrolmen
occurred along the Mexican border.
When told that the smugglers had
escaped, one official declared that even- |
tually the custom* men wculd capture
them. The patrol, he said, had earned
the reputation of always "getting its ,
man,” even though years elapsed be-!
tween the commission of the crime and
the arrest.
■— •
01d-M»p Rage in London.
The rage for old maps has captured
London society. AH the ancient charts
that can be found are being utilized in
pleated lampshades, screens and other
ways. Exclusive Mayfair drawing room
walls are decorated with them in their
original roUera. The latest is a tea table
tray having an old map pasted under i
a sheet of glass. |

»., iefe, -v ■ aWpgglllfe
Rosenkavalier" at the Metropolitan
Opera House in New York. It was
(here she met Polacco. who then di
rected the Metropolitan company.
TI NE IN' ON The Budtet Wore end Me
WMAL eeerr Wertneeda*. !:M P.M.
Clothes. Broken lots only, of course ,
and believe me Summer Suits are scarce
as hen's teeth this year. So if you need
any cool clothes, get aboard now!
Buy ’em on the Famous Kauiman Budget Plan
All S ..mmer Suits
All $16.30 Palm Beach Suits. . ... s l3 75
All S2O Nurotex and Linen Suits. . . $ 15 75
All $22.50 Mohairs 6f Linen Suits. . $ 17 .75
All $27.50 Mohairs d? Tropical SQ / 2.75
All S3O Tropical Worsted Suits. .. . $25.75
All $33 Tropical Worsted Suits. .. . $27-75
No Charge lor Alterations
Five Hundred
s3s—s40 —$45
Advance Fall Suits
The very finest <j. a75
value we have offered
in years . One & two
trousers fine woolens and worst
eds. All sizes, all models. A
wonderful purchase.
All Straws All $lO Panamas
Hall Price * nd L '« horns
$3 Straws, $1.50 $ A .95
$4 Straws, $2.00
$5 Straws, $2.50
Two Hundred Pairs qc
Fine Irish Linen JF
■■ ' j
Mellon-Berenger Treaty Is
Ratified by Majority of
Eight Votes.
(Continued From First Page.)
| the Treasury Andrew W. Mellon an
! adjustment of the French war debt,
France had paid the United States
! "on account” up to November 15. 1928.
*82.851.171. A total of £1«.000,000 had
been paid to England on the same
Under the Mellon-Berenger agree
ment, France agreed to pay *4,025,-
000,000, of which *685,000,000 is ae
j trued interest. The first two annuities
were to be of *30,000,000, increasing
to *125,000,000 in the seventeenth year
and continuing until the last payment
in the sixty-second year of *117,675,-
The American Congress had ap
proved a measure whereby if the war
debts settlement was ratified by August
1. payment of the bill for surplus war
stocks purchased by France might
come under its funding provisions. If
not, the sum of about *400.000.000 was
due the United States on August 1,
Some advocates of ratification had
held this as a club over the heads of
the opposition. It will probably be sev
eral days next week before the upper
House goes through the motion of ex
pressing its sentiments, which are gen
erally regarded as emphatically in favor
of ratification, but the August 1 buga
boo ceased this morning, to dlsiurb tne
government financiers. The much-de
bated reservations which members of
the chamber advocated in the end came
only to the recommendation that the
government arrange to collect German
payments of reparations to cover its
debts to the allies.
Both Side* Satisfied.
When the vote was finally announced
with its slim majority of eight for the
government there was an amusing scene
as both winners and losers appeared
happv. Both sides applauded the win
ners because they won and the losers
because thev had made such a good
howing. The only fireworks of the
night session came at the opening. As
iie bell was rung for order the com
innist deputies began such a racket
hat the president finally put on his
•lk hat as a threat of adjourning the
-sion and it took several more minutes
o restore order so that the chamber
. could get down to business.
Foreign Minister Brland took the
helm when the final Issue came and
; made ratification a matter of confi
dence in the government. Earlier when
! ‘he reservations questions was voted
he told the Chamber platnlv that the
time had come for them to take full
! responsibility for their actions.
"It the reservation* are out in *h*
text of the ratification bill another
government must replace us Accord-
Ling a* you vote this government will
remain in power or It will make way
I for another ministry, for even now It j
I presents its best wishes for sucres*.”
Ratification of the French war debt ,
by the French Chamber of Deputies
I was received in Washington last night
j with some gratification, although the
action had been expected.
The agreement providing for the pay
ment of the *4,025,000,000 war debt of
France has yet to be ratified by the
American Senate, and whether it will
be taken up in the extra session re
convening August 19 or will be held
over untU the regular session in De
cember has not been decided by the
administration leaders.
Negotiated three years ago by the
United States Debt Commissi'n headed
j by Secretary Mellon and by a French
j Debt Commission headed by lormer
Ambassador Berenger. the agreement is
the last of the war debts to be settled.
Ratified by House.
The American House of Represents- 1
l five* ratified the Mellon-Berenger set
tlement more than two years ago. but i
: the Senate refused to take it up until
! France had approved it. Not until re
! c.ently did the French Parliament even
: I begin consideration of the settlement.
, I The French war supplies debt to this
1 country of *400,000.000 falls due on
j August 1. This debt is accounted for
‘ in the 62-year settlement provided by
i the Mellon-Berenger agreement, but if
i that settlement had not been ratified
jby France this country would have i
' called for its *400.000,000 next month.
On the closing day of the session
last month both the House and the
Senate adopted a resolution authorizing
President Hoover to defer the *400,000.-
000 war supplies debt payment pro
vided France in the meantime should
ratify the Mellon-Berenger agreement.
While that resolution was not
formally enrolled because the House ■
adjourned before the Speaker could as- j
fix his signature, Secretary Mellon said '
it was considered that It empowered
i President Hoover to authorize the
‘ postponement.
•2 Year* Allowed.
The tremendous task of settling ,
• America’s debts with its numerous war
i allies was brought to a close when
! Ambassador Berenger and Becretarv
Mellon reached the agreement for th* t
j French debt payment. That agreement
| was similar to all others, allowing
France 62 years to meet her obligations.
1 France was the last nation to come
!to terms with America. Her first at
; tempt failed when Finance Minister
! Caillaux undertook the mission. Later
Ambassador Berenger resumed nego
tiations. Considerable opposition is
! anticipated in the Senate to the Mcl
lon-Berenger agreement on the ground
1 that It does not provide an adequate
, Dayment to this country, but adminis
tration leaders are confident of
An Important Notice
TJT/'E are now preparing what we sincerely
rr believe will be The Greatest Summer
I Sale of Home Furnishings that we have ever
I conducted.
It comprises Oriental and Domestic Rugs,
Carpetings in wide loom and narrow widths,
Furniture, Draperies, Lamps in great variety,
I and of the high standard of excellence for c |
which this establishment is notable.
I The Prices are surprisingly moderate.
For the benefit of those about to leave the |
I city advance purchases may now be made |
I at these reduced prices and delivery made |
later if desired.
H An announcement of the formal opening of
II the Sale will appear in the local papers. I
1 ' I
w&j. Sloane
"The House with the Green Shutters” . I
. I 709-711-713 TWELFTH STREET, N. W. 1
Store Open from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Daily Sloane Endorsed Merchandise I
Closed All Day Saturday * Carries an Assurance of Satisfaction
Charge Accounts Conveniently Arranged
Our telephone number is now DISTRICT 7262
Free delivery tv any shipping point in the United States
Relief Loans Restricted as
Producers Are Advised
to Organize.
By 'he Associated Press.
Buried deep In work at the end of
its first week, the Federal Farm Board
pascrd up the half holiday enjoyed by
other Government workers to go ahead
j with its task of organization.
The Florida fruit emergency caused
by the fruit fly is the first and only
i specific proposition to gain the atten
tion of the board. The Floridians were
told to get all State agencies together
on the question of relief for marketing
i and to reappear on Monday.
| Pending further consideration of the
Florida situation, the board tacfled
again its problem of determining a
general policy for the unlift of agricul
ture and for handling the $150,000,000
at its disposal for loans.
Restrictions on Loana.
The board has decided that all loans
must b» to co-operative marketing agen
cies. No loans are to be made until the
usual avenue of credit—tije banks and
1 the Government’s Intermediate credit
institutions —have been exhausted.
Because it must deal directly with
co-operative marketing agencies, the
■ board has sent word to American
l farmers to organize. Only about 2,000,-
000 of the 6,000.000 farmers are now
in the co-operative associations of the
various commodities.
It appears likely that the California
, grape industry will be among the first
to set up a stabilization corporation to
take charge of marketing the crop
which matures next Fall. Lloyd Tenny. i
; vice president of the California Vine
yardists’ Association, will appear before
the board Tuesday, to present plans for j
the stabilization corporation.
Further Organization.
The farm relief act contemplated th»
organization of these corporations by
the co-operative marketing associations
and producers as a means of central
izing marketing plans. After the forma
tion of the stabilization coroporations
advisory councils are to be selected for
each commodity. These councils will
be the intermediaries with the fsrm
l For Impaired Vision
|| —Consult an Eye Physician [?J
Years of careful study . [|§
•!§ a physician, specialize |||
M ing in the proper treat*
'■§ tnent of the eve. has quali- Ell
Wk - , , . ii 'i
ned him to prescribe cor-
Wi rectlv. fte
m m
p |
|| •== o PTI C I AN*-=»
915 Fifteenth Slreei
was MIN gtqn
m Tear* at JUO nth Bt. «.W.
Now Located at
806 14th St. N.W.
Electrical Repair
Apparatus or Appliances
191 S E St. N.W.
NAtional 9346
Will C.ll titr ant Orlir.r
Down the Potomac in
the Moonlight
Speed boat* operating during full
moon period from
12:00 p.m. to 12:30 a.m.
Giving theatre goers a
chance to enjoy a speed boat
ride on the Potomac in the
moonlight for
Speed Boat Terminal
Just below Potomac Golf Course
and across from Naval Air Station
and Bolling Field.

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