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' FARM BOARD PLANS WOOL CO-OPERATIVE Group Acts After Conference With National Market Council Members. The Federal Farm Board will meet at Chicago early in October with offi cials of all wool co-operative market ing associations and pcoducer-owncd warehouse associations to form a na tional co-operative sales agency and an advisory council for the commodity. The board announced this plan yes terday after conferences with officials of the National Wool Marketing Coun cil and other wool associations. A similar petition is expected to be received by the board tomorrow from officials of the American Cotton Grow ers’ Exchange. At the board’s offices it was indicated that on the basis of the present organization of leading, cotton market agencies the selection of an advisory council for that crop ap peared to be likely. Co-ordination Needed. The decision of the board to with hold funds for the time being from the Wool Marketing Association was in keeping with its policy to bring about as large an amalgamation of market ing concerns of each major commodity as possible. A statement by the board declared that “it is apparent that one of the major problems confronting the wool associations is a need for the co ordination of their selling efforts.” The board's conference with the wool officials developed that of this year's 300,000,000-pound clip of wool, approxi mately 20.000.000 pounds will be handled by members of the National Wool Marketing Council; 7.000,000 pounds by co-operatives who are not members of the council; 35,000,000 pounds by farmer-owned warehouse companies of Texas. California and New Mexico, and 5.000,000 pounds by local co-operative pools in Western States. The board said that this total of nearly 70,000,000 pounds, or 25 per cent of the Nation's entire wool clip, represents “actual or potential wool,” which might be handled by a national co-operative marketing co-operation. May Form Council. The selection of an advisory council for wool is considered possible by the board because of the superior organi zation methods which have been de veloped among the wool co-operatives. The commodity advisory councils are authorized under the farm relief act and their function is intended to be that of generally supervising the pro duction and marketing of the crop for which they are appointed. By agreeing to the formation of a large national marketing corporation for wool, the board would bring ita co operative marketing program to the third crop. A marketing corporation has been organized for wheat, and the board has taken steps to make such an agency possible in the Florida citrus fruit area. Next the board will consider the marketing needs of cotton and then intends to examine the tobacco situation. The incorporation of a $50,000,000 marketing concern for fruits and vege. tables, to be known as the United Growers of America, plans for w'hlch were announced in New York last night, was accomplished without the official knowledge of the Farm Board. Some of the board’s members were familiar with the undertaking, but the board announced that the plans for this or ganization had not been presented to it. The organizers also have asked for no indorsement by the board and the latter’s members were said to be in no position to express any opinion Whatsoever concerting the agency. * Can Make Loans. Inasmuch as the concern is presumed to have been organized in keeping with the general provisions of the farm re lief act, it would be possible for its officials to make application for loans should any need for funds develop and for the board to grant such loans if it satisfied itself that the concern prop erly represented the fruit and vege table industry. The most adaptable way to perfect a national marketing program for cot ton will be discussed by the board with a group of trustees of the American Cotton Growers’ Exchange, one of the most important co-operative associa tions dealing with the commodity. The group will include C. O. Moser, president of the exchange; C. G. Henry of the Arkansas Co-operative Cotton Growers’ Association, and U. B. Blalock of the North Carolina Co-operative Cot ton Growers’ Exchange. Both wool and cotton are regarded by the Farm Board as crops in which the co-operative marketing movement will take hold rapidly. Co-operative associations dealing with this com modity are considered to be more closely knit than those in some other branches of agriculture, notably wheat, and consequently more conducive to the formation of commodity councils. Share Supervision. If a commodity council were formed for cotton, as is anticipated for wool, this body would assume a large ahafe of the supervision over the welfare of the crop with which the board is em powered to invest it. President Moser is one of the lead ing advocates of the co-operatvie mar keting movement. He was instrumental in receiving approval of the National Agricultural Institute meeting at Baton Rouge, La., recently for the setting up of the National Co-operative Council, a trade association which is expected to be organized in Washington shortly. WEALTH TO GRANT’S KIN. Two Great-Granddaughters Are Given $51,190 Each by Father. NEW HAVEN, Conn., August 13 OP). —Two great-granddaughters of the late President Ulysses s. Grant were be queathed sums of $51,100 each as the result of an order of distribution, granted in the local Probate Court, from the will of Capt. William P. Cronan, retired United States Navy officer, who died at his home, in San Diego, Calif. Nellie Grant Cronan and Elizabeth Grant Cronan, great-granddaughters of Gen. Grant, are two surviving children of_Cagt ; _Cronan.______^^______^ Special— -1 25% Discount g lon the .. Cleaning of Men 9 a g Suits, overcoats,| | Sweaters, Hats, | | Caps, Ties 8 Aug. Sth to 17th FOOTER'S \ AMERICA’S BEST I CLEANERS AND DYERS 1332 G St. N.W. Phone Diet. 2343 1784 Columbia Rd. Phone Col. .0720 1 DUTCH PRISONERS WEAR HOODS | TO HIDE IDENTITY OUT OF CELLS ' Solitary Confinement Is Enforced Strictly in Netherlands, With Great De crease in Crime. This Is the seventh of a series of articles on European methods of dealing with crime and criminals. BY HENRIETTA W. BINGHAM. AMSTERDAM, August 13 (N.A.N.A.).—Solitary confinement is so strictly en forced in Dutch prisons that prisoners never -see each other. Each wears a hood whenever he leaves his cell. Work in prisons is contracted solely by the gov ' ernment, which also provides for the aftercare of prisoners. Crime is greatly decreasing, and the percentage of recidivism is extraor dinarily low. „ .... In the second half of the nineteenth century it was generally realized that herding prisoners together brought demoralization, often shocking, and In the Netherlands cellular separation was introduced. It has become the rule. An exception is with prisoners who have served five years of a long sentence In solitary confinement, after which they are brought Into the company of others and a classification is effected w'hereby neurotic and tubercular pa tients and concientious objectors are .placed in suitable sections. “Open Air” Prison Is Tried. Moreover, a short time ago an ex periment was begun “the open-air prison"—the prisoners being employed in reclaiming heathland for cultivation. They are housed in communities. The original intention of the cell was to isolate the prisc>ier from the moral infection of his fellows, and, more es pecially, to end education in crime af forded to each other, which had in creased recidivism to an alarming de gree under the old system. For this reason the system of sepa ration is still carried out strictly in cellular prisons, where, because of their hoods, prisoners never see each other's features. This prevents, as far as pos sible, ex-prisoners practicing blackmail on each other after release. . Nevertheless, in Dutch prisons, espe cially in houses of detention for per sons awaltln i trial or sentence, prisoners do occasion: .lly manage to communicate with the outside world by "subterranean correspondence.” How Cells Are Furnished. The cells are severe, the walls gen erally of gray cement: sometimes they are painted yellow. Light is admitted through a ground glass window near the ceiling and the only furniture is a bunk, folding table, stool (for the crip pled, women and old persons a chair) and covered pail. The men's hair is closely cropped and they wear gray brown prison clothes. The women wear a white cotton cap, jacket and skirt. The inventory includes an eartheware jug for water, tin drinking cup and food dish. Recent additions are a plate, spoon, fork and knife, all handed back after use, together with utensils sup plied the prisoners for cleaning their cells dally. \ In Winter they get up at 7:30, in Summer at 7. Lights go out at 9. At present each prisoner receives in the morning a half litre of skimmed milk (the women get a similar quantity of full milk as well), coffee and brown bread. Once a w'eek soup is given, a piece of meat in it, and once a week boiled bacon with peas or beans. The usual Winter food is some kind of hot pot. but in the Summer potatoes, veg etables and gravy are given separately. Fish is included in the menus, pre scribed by the department of justice. Food Now Is Sufficient. Formerly the food was not quite enough to satisfy hunger, and pris oners had to buy extra food in the can teen. Now the doctors have calcu lated exactly the number of calories for sufficient nourishment, and the can teen supplies extras only, such as but ter, margarine, sugar, cheese, bacon, herring, fruit, tea, chocolate and tobac co, for in most prisons now men may smoke on certain days, sometimes every day. Thev pay for these extra rations out of their pay for their work, for everyone must work. The prisons are equipped for special kinds of work. All competition with private industry is avoided, as all the work Is exclusively for Government service. Those who know no kind of hand I Woodward &Lothrop The Men's Store—second floor Men's Summer Suits Reduced for Clearance 2-Piece Tropical Worsted and Flannel Suits Now $ J 9'^ Palm Beach and Linen Suits Linen and Nurotex Suits ' Now $ J 4*^s • 4 The Men’s Store, Second Floor. Mens Summer Haberdashery At Clearance and Special Prices \ Colored Madras Shirts All Men's Straws $ J .85 $ J .35 Were $2.50 to $4 \ Were $3, s4'and $5 , , 'i Rayon and Silk Mixed Hose Cotton Golf Hose Special £sc pair. Special 75c air Rayon Undershirts Fine Madras Shorts Special 75c for $2 Special 75c for $2 Athletic Union Suits Four-in-Hand Ties Special ,5 $ J*ls Were $2 m The Min’s Stoic, Sicond Floor. * • ' / THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 13, 1923. work usually are taught tailoring or sewing. Well educated persons become clerks or work in the libraries. All prisoners are allowed books. Chaplains and religious instructors of every creed visit the prisoners regularly. Pay from 10 to 35 Cents. The pay varies frona 10 to 35 (Dutch) cents a day (1 United States cent Is equal to 2*4 Dutch cents). Half is put aside for the prisoner on his re lease, the other half he uses as he likes —at the canteen, for postage, or his relatives. Many prisoners look upon Sundays as the worst day of the week, for no work may be done then. The prisoners attend service, write letters, read or do nothing. Os late years a certain liberty has been admitted in the application of some privileges, and the degree with which this Is applied accounts for the noticeable difference In the regime of various prisons. In some the discip line Is benevolent, even friendly, and In others It is based strictly on rules and regulations. Individual attitude of the officials counts for much. Among the privileges one may men tion permission to prisoners to mitigate the severity of their cells by the pres ence of one or two plants, whose growth depends greatly on the amount of sun light reaching the cell. Here and there one may find some poor bird suffering a double confinement, but providing comfort and cheer at the same time. A small aquarium is another favorite possession. As a privilege prisoners are allowed to fix picture post cards they receive to their walls and prints or drawings of their own. Every day prisoners are taken Into the open air, although this Is generally only to be had in a dark courtyard where each one steps to and fro in his own sector unseen by the others. Scarcely ever are there trees or plants in these yards. Gymnasium for Prisoners. Some prisoners have a gymnasium and an instructor. It is possible for certain prisoners to Join a choir, and they give performances In the chanel now and then, but each singer sits in his own cell-like seat, seeing tne - Chair Canting Reupholstering Franklin 7483 5-piece pirior Suites Clay Armstrong Antiques f _ . , ° 3-Piece Overstaffed Suites 'Upholsterer Dining Room Chairs 1235 10th St. N.W. choirmaster only. In the chapel oc-7 caslonal entertainments are given, such’ as lectures and magic lantern shows. Os greater Influence on the char acter and future of the prisoners, how ever, are rescue work and aftercare. The men and women who devote them selves to this visit the prisoners in their cells. There are conditional sentences where by misdemeanants are at liberty on pro bation and are under supervision of rescue work officials for three years, dependent on their own efforts to lead an honest life. The conditional release of well behaved prisoners after they have served three-quarters of their time Is also permitted. There are several societies and institutions devoted to rescue work. Criminality Is Decreasing. Criminality in the Netherlands, as reflected In the figures regarding con victions, has been greatly decreasing of late. In 1907 the number In prisons and similar places was 57,000. There were 26,900 in 1926, with the result that many cells are empty and some prisons have been closed. The percentage of recidivists in pro portion to the total number of con victed prisoners is not so satisfactory. In 1926 it was 41.9 per cent. In 1905 and 1906 it was 44 per cent; in 1901, 39.8 per cent. The lowest figure was In 1918, 28.7 per cent, and since then the highest was 42.5 per cent, In 1922. It would seem, therefore, that the cellular system .does not exercise a greatly deterrent effect. (Next: Prisons and Crime in Austria.) (Copyright, 1929. by North American News paper Alliance.) —«■ ■ • ■ ■ ■ - letter Chases Engineer. ROCHESTER. N. Y.. August 13 (IP). —A circular letter, mailed to a local | address, is back at the post office here ] after chasing the addressee over three j continents. It was forwarded, in turn, | to New York City, Buenos Aires, Paris, i and finally back home in an effort to j catch up with the man, an engineer, J for whom it was intended. Callouses Baud Burning Sole* Dr. Schorr* Zino- j pads for CWllouses i end pain in one minute and avoid all danger of blood poisoning which cutting of your cal louses invites. They remove the fraction . and pressure of shoes and are soothing, heeling, gusranteeii safe, sure. Won’t come off while bathing. At all Drug, Shoe and Dept, stores —3sc box. DU Scholl's Zino-pads Put «me on—die pain is gs mat MARINES RECALLED FOR DULY AT HOME Half of Enlisted Strength Either in U. S. or on Way From Foreign Posts. Br the Associated Press. For the first time in more than two years, half the enlisted strength of the Marine Corps is In the continental limits of the United States or home ward bound from duty In foreign lands. Disturbances’ in China, Nicaragua and other lands have kept more than two-thirds of the enlisted personnel of 18,000 In distant lands for a long time to fight bandits and otherwise protect American Interests. Quieter conditions have come to prevail, however, and the forces abroad gradually have been re duced in recent months, but Secretary Adams does not expect any large ad ditional withdrawals In the near future. Os the 1,200 recently ordered with drawn from Nicaragua by President - * 1, • Woodward ScLothrop 10 ™ 11™ F and G Streets 5 ' * ) jmm $7* 95 i Imported Bead Bags 'h|| »'» small *3 45 all-over prints An attractive low price which you will readily Jpj appreciate when you see these beautifully made Mu bags. Os cut steel beads, pouch style, with metal frame and silk lining. The small, all-over patterns of these lovely prints— Handbags, aisle «, first floor. the smart fashions of these frocks, give them a chif fon-like appearance. They have long sleeves, fitted - * hiplines, tiered skirts and uneven hems. In a season g of prints, women will appreciate the good taste, the I I fine fit of these well-made frocks. >Wsil jj j ff Cotton Frocks, Third Floor. Jp These charming little ice tubs come in sparkling gr«en glass—daintily etched, and complete with drainer and tongs. At this low price they are de- Men’s Cowhide- cided,y exc ' p,ion "- ; w wTYuiwv Glassware, Firm Floor. Gladstone Bag, ? I5 Very Low Priced ' Very Special — Tomorrow —loo \ A well-built bag that will stand much traveling and cf 4f t>A m * ctr give excellent service. Preferred by men because IClllOlUWllvU L/(Ullaon. it is very convenient to pack and unpack. Its par- >r T* f | /~*l ,-f ycj tition keeps contents in separate compartments; 1 <IDIC V^lOtllS; large pocket; sewed-on cornet's. 22-inch size, with . Very seldom is Woodward & Lothrop able to offer cloth lining. Others, $12.50 to $65. such an outstanding value—at such a remarkably .. low price. Tomorrow 100 fine quality damask Enameled Pullman Cases, *7* cloths—popular 54x54-inch size—offer a decidedly 26 and 28 inch Pullman Cases, bound in black or unusual opportunity to those replenishing their brown cowhide; sewed-on corners and tray. linen closets. An early selection assures the savings. Luggage, Fourth Floor. Likins, Second Floor. / • r . ~ ; Exceptional Selling I—Aluminum 1 —Aluminum Ware, s l* 2s The variety—as well as the spleddid heavy weight standing. An early selection tomorrow morning of the aluminum (very seldom offered at this ex- will afford unlimited choice^—advantageous values. n. H yne.) min t. i H]]in, t..|y o il- Corn Popper; Waterless Cove re d ' Combination Cereal French Drip Coffee pound size. Spe- Fryer. Special. .$1.25 Cooker, Sauce Pan, Philter a tor. Spe cial ....*-.......51.25 • and Oven $1.25 cial $1.25 ~ Waterless Cook in g Double Bell-bottom Safety Covered 8- , K .Utensil; vapor-tight T Separate - base Cake Double Boiler. Spe- quart Convex Ket- 1 cover $1.25 Safe, Special. . .sl.2s cial....v $1.25 tie $1.25 , Housewares, Fifth Floor. ■ _ J ■ A. ■ •• L'~ . : *r. — . . r - ■■■ -■ a- ■■■ -w„-n —————— Hoover, 800 sre due to arrive aboard the transport Henderson at the Marine base, Quantlco, Va., September 2. The remaining 400 are to be taken to the Pacific Coast by the Henderson on her return to China with 500 replacements authorized to relieve men there whose enlistments have expired. A year ago, there were more than 6,000 Marines and bluejackets in Nic aragua. The recent withdrawals will leave 1,430 officers and men, an avia tion detail of 200, and 200 with the Guardia Nationals. During the revolution in China, nearly 5,000 Marines were on duty, but the 4th Regiment has been reduced to 1,300, while the legation guard at Peipinp: remains at 470. On the little island of Guam, there are 400 Marines; in the Philippines, 200; Haiti, 900; Virgin Islands, 100; Cuba, 130; aboard battleships and cruisers, 2,000; in Atlantic and Pacific Coast Navy yards, amunltlbn depots and other Marine stations, 8,160, and small detachments are on American Samoa, in the Canal Zone, and at headquarters in Washington. More than 1,000 enlisted men, who have been on foreign service, are due for discharge within the next few weeks, having served their enlistments of four years. Radio is becoming so popular in the Netherlands that equipment factories are being enlarged constantly to care for the rush of orders. ! FUGITIVE CAUGHT i AFTER LONG CHASE t 1 Colored Boy Held as Purse- Snatcher Leads Police for I Many Blocks. t A suspected purse-snatcher led a ' pedestrian and a patrolman In a lively l chase about 11 o’clock last night, which ' began near Seventeenth and K streets, | where he Is said have grabbed the purse of Miss Dora Brody of 1808 K street, and ended with his capture at Seventeenth and L streets. The fugitive gave his name as James Covington, colored, 17, of Hamlet, N. C. Although the purse, a tapestry bag con ; talnlng $2.14 and miscellaneous articles, was recovered from his person, Coving ton insisted the actual robbery was ef fected by a companion, also of the North Carolina town. Miss Brofiy, who saw two colored boys break and run about the time she felt her purse snatched from her arm, was unable to say positively IX. Coving ton was the boy who took It. -.A pedestrian. Fred Herrel of Park Lane, Va., overtook Covington and held him until Patrolman P. O. Tanner could come up. Police have broadcast a description ol the other youth. — ll • - . PRINGLE, JOHN GILBERT’S “FATHER,” DIES AT 67 Screen Star Refused to Recognize Claim of Stock Actor That He Was Stage Veteran’s Son. By the Associated Press. HOLLYWOOD, Calif., August : 13. —John Pringle, 67, actor and veteran head of stock companies in New York and Chicago, known as the father of John Oilbert, screen star, is dead Gilbert refused to recognise Pringle who was his mother’s first husband as his father, saying his mother had told him he was born of a second marriage to a man named Gilbert. Pringle, who, since his retirement from the stage four years ago, had been employed in films, clung to his conten tion that his divorced wife, the screen player’s mother, did not reveal the facts of his parentage to young Gilbert. India now has one automobile to every 2,548 people.