Newspaper Page Text
iTHE EVENING STAR , With Sunday Morning Edition. • WASHINGTON, D. C. ■ HONDAY August 26, 1029 THEODORE W. NOYES... .Editor i The Evening Star Newspaper Company Business Office: 11th Bt. and Pennsylvania Ave. ' Mew York Office: 110 East 4Jnd Bt. Chicago Office Lake Michigan B'llldtn*. I European Office: 14 Regent St.. London. England. i ' Rate by Carrier Within the City. The Evenfnr Star 4Sc rer month The Evening and Sunday Btar • (when 4 Sundays) 80c per month The Evening and Sunday Star I (when 5 Sundays) 65c per month The Sunday Star 5c per copy Collet tion made at the end of each month. Orders may be aent tn by mall or telephone NAtlonal 6000. Rate by Mall—Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Dally and Sunday....l yr„ IIO.OO; l ir.o.. Sse ' Daily only 1 yr.. $6 00: 1 mo. 50e Sunday only 1 yr.. 54.00; 1 mo.. 40c All Other States and Canada. Dally and Sunday. .1 yr., $17.00; 1 mo.. *IOO giall? only 1 yr., IR 00; 1 mo., 16c unday only 1 yr.. *5.00; i mo.. 60c Member of the Associated Press. 1 The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republlcstlon of all news dis patches credited to it or not otherwise cred ited In this paper and also the meal ntws published herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein ara also reserved. The Crisis in Palestine, i The Wailing Wall In Jerusalem. . palisade of mourning Jewry through the centuries, will have a new meaning for ’ that ancient race today, when the world , reads of the Arab-Jewish riots In the Holy City. Jewish blood, along with that of Arabs, has been spilled In fanat ical attacks on Jewish residents both i in Jerusalem and other Palestinian communities. Early reports mention the killing of a dozen or more American • citizens. The United States consulate , informs the State Department that a situation of the most serious gravity 1 prevailed during the wepk end. though i the prompt arrival of British troops and warships has resulted In a temporary restoration of order, with corresponding 1 safety both for residents and foreigners, i The word "temporary’’ is used ad , vlsedly because the unique political con dition which modern Palestine pre * sents here is an Arab land, mandated t to the British for administrative pur ! poses and allocated to the Jews as a "national home.” It requires little ' stretch of the imagination to conjure , up a vision of eternal strife, given such a set of conditions. Therefore, while tranquillity, following last week's < sanquinary events in Jerusalem. Hebron. Tel-Aviv and other centers, may have been re-established, there will remain ' a set of fundamental factors capable of converting it, on a second's notice, Into that calm which sometimes pre cedes a devastating storm. Political complications, which are saturated with religious rancor, like the unending bit terness between the Arabs and the Jews in Palestine, are the stuff of which 1 not only recurring crises, but wars themselves, are made. British emotions in the midst of riot -1 quelling at Jerusalem must be heavily i tinctured with anxiety. The British i Empire is the world-leading Moslem power. Mystic India's countless millions ' make her such. Mesopotamia, man l dated to the British by the League , of Nations, along with the Turks’ other former domain, the Holy Land, brings 1 other millions of Mohammedans under I the Union Jack. Then there is Egypt, from which Britain Is even now by 1 treaty preparing to relax her grip— -1 Egypt, with an Islamic population filled to the brim with anti-British sentiment. John Bull has need to watch his step Bt an hour when British soldiers, sailors, i marines and aviators are suppressing Arabs into a sullen submission. Lon don dispatches already register the fears of the MacDonald government that events In Palestine may be the spark to set alight a Moslem conflagra tion sweeping through Mesopotamia to • India like a prairie fire, along the i "all-red route" from Palestine to Singapore. The British survived the ' peril of a Mohammedan revolution during ( the World War. when the ‘ infidel” was fighting the Turks. But the Turks were themselves allied with an "Infidel” 1 power, and the Inflammable element i of religious conflict was not an Issue— as It is an issue in Jerusalem now. Lord Reading, former viceroy of India, 1 is in conference with the British cab inet. There is unmistakable significance In that bit of news. The people of the United States, espe -1 dally wide sections of its large and influential Jewish community, have ex hibited genuine sympathy with the es- j fort to set up a Jewish national home l ln Palestine. Only this Summer, at a conference in Europe, American Zionists and so-called anti-Zionists buried the hatchet and agreed to work i together for the common cause. It is sincerely to be hoped that current events in Palestine are not designed to cripple the Zionist movement. But It seems unfortunately clear that ways and means have yet to be found for reconciling the perilous differences which keep Arab and Jew at daggers drawn. The Graf Zeppelin by sailing around the world a few times may be able to remind impetuous politicians that war represents a brand-new experiment with resources about which very little is known at present. Determination Unrewarded. While air-minded America Is today applauding the prodigious feat of the , Graf Zeppelin in accomplishing suc cessfully the third leg of its ambitious trip around the world, there is a group ' of aviation enthusiasts who are sunk , deep in the gloom of disappointment. They are the backers and well-wishers ' of Lieut. Alford Williams, crack Navy racing pilot, who for more than a week has been frantically trying to get his tiny ship in the air for tests In order ' to compete in the Schneider Cup races 1 In England the first week of next month. For Williams has failed, and with his failure goes the last fleeting hope that America would be represented fn this classic of classics of the air. i It makes no difference that Italy has 1 withdrawn its entries and that Eng ' land, with elaborate preparations to capture the speed crown, will go ahead alone. Ever since the United States decided officially to remain out of com petition it has been Williams’ sole am bition to fly a racing plane carrying his country’s Insignia in the blue ribbon event of the air. It was he who raised the funds to build his p’lane, and It was he who communicated his enthusiasm ao EU-ccrsfuL’y to the Navy Depart ment (bat unofficial Bid wa» generously given him. It is simply that the United States will not be represented and that fine determination and skill go unre warded. i The twenty-four-cylindered racing ship would not fly. Designed for a speed In excess of three hundred and fifty miles an hour, Its thirty-foot wing spread would not even lift it off' the water at a taxiing speed of better than one hundred miles. Last-minute changes were made to no avail. Wil liams was taking his life in his hands every time he attempted to soar aloft. Once he was rendered unconscious by gas fumes from the exhaust. But still he persisted and did not give up until it was apparent that It was a hopeless fight. It Is the second ship he and his sponsors have built for Schneider com petition. It is hoped that It Is not the last. Even If the Government Is will ing to sit idly by and be content to let other nations bag the honors of the air, American Ingenuity and persistence, such as that displayed by Williams, should eventually triumph. May better luck attend his next effort! The Willebrandt Articles. Summing up conclusions from her critical and searching analysis of pro hibition enforcement in the United States with the flat statement that "Prohibition is not being effectively en forced.” Mrs. Mabel Walker Willebrandt offers six recommendations for improv ing the conditions that exist. None of them is new. All, in one form or an i other, have been talked about since prohibition was enacted, and the six might be summarized in three as follows: 1. Through combination and ro-ordi : nation, centralize the evidence col ■ lecting, prosecution and border patrol activities of the Department of Justice and the Treasury. i 2. Take politics out of enforcement I work and the selection of United States district attorneys. 3. Cut off the bootleg supply of ln < dustrlal or specially denatured alcohol. The first, step is now being seriously considered by this administration, as it was by preceding administrations. 1 There has been notable progress to ward the attainment of the second 1 step by putting prohibition enforcement ! officers under the civil service, and by ' the weeding-out process in the selec -1 tion and retention of United States at torneys begun after the election of Mr. Hoover. There Is still disagreement over the “ best method of eliminating the bootleg 1 flow of industrial alcohol, and con troversy over the extent of the evil as a handicap to enforcement work. Mrs. Willebrandt's recommendations are practical and specific. She has 1 minced no words in describing the con ' dltions that should be corrected. If 1 her eight years in office gave her an 1 extraordinary opportunity to look be hind the curtain on the evils of pro hibition enforcement, the picture only strengthened her opinion that prohibi tion Is worth while and that it can be enforced. She has dealt with the problem, not as a moral reformer, but ’ as a student of government. | But, her critics will ask, what good ' has this done? If she was unable to put her recommendations into es -1 feet as the Assistant Attorney General in charge of prohibition work, what | hope has she of making them effective as a private citizen writing articles for the newspapers? The answer to this lies In the na ture and content of Mrs. Willebrandt’s series of articles. Coming from the pen of one who won her spurs as a noted crusader for prohibition, her de scription of enforcement work has been surprisingly frank and candid. It was surprising because the foremast propo nents of prohibition have not been not able for frankness. For some reason they have preferred to concentrate their at tention and remarks upon the bright side of prohibition and have shown a tend ency to gloss over or neglect alto gether the dark side. With their eyes fixed firmly on the goal ahead, they have refused to examine the ground underfoot. The result of this attitude has been that revelations of the wesk nesses of prohibition are placed in the category of wet propaganda and de nounced as untrue, instead of receiv ing the attention that they deserve as the natural accompaniments of such a drastic step as nation-wide prohibition through statute. Mrs. Willebrandt, discussing this dark side of prohibition with the au thority of one who has looked upon It from the inside, and interpreting it from the standpoint of a dry, has open ed millions of eyes and showed them things they thought were the malicious imaginings of the wets. She has put the cards on the table, faces up. If i the drys have the winning hand, they , have no doubt, now, of what the other fellows holds. They should play the game accordingly. - It Is apparently as difficult to regu late speculation on Wall Street as it Is to curb the sporting tendency to bet on i horse races. 'I • The Tennessee Vacancy. Not only has Tennessee lost a dls - 1; tinguished son and the Natiort a faith ful servant in the death of Senator Lawrence Davis Tyson, but the pass ing of the junior Senator has set the political caldron boiling again in that State. Had Senator Tyson lived. It was expected confidently he would have been a candidate to succeed him self in the Upper House next year, for his term of office would have ex pired March 3, 1931. His death, how ever, has thrown open the field to Democrats politically ambitious in Tennessee and perhaps has given the i Republicans more hope of electing a Senator in that State than they have had in the past. The Democratic Governor of Tennessee will appoint a successor to Senator Tyson, to serve until after the next regular election in November, 1930. The new Senator will of course be a Democrat. The democracy of Tennessee has been tom with internal strife In recent years, and the campaign for the senatorial nomination next year may be a bit ter one. The appointment to the Senate which will be made by Gov. Horton may indeed have an Important Influ ence upon the situation, If he selects as a successor to Senator Tyson an outstanding figure in the anti-Smith ■ faction last ytear. The bitterness which threw the State Into the Republican > ranks In tha presidential election of THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, P. C., MONDAY, 'AUGUST 26, 1929. 1938 may again cause trouble for the Democratic party. On the other hand, If he gives the appointment to a rabid Smith man. the faction which opposed the former New York governor may retaliate. Already a number of distinguished Democratic leaders In the party are mentioned as possible ap pointees, including Representative Cor dell Hull, former chairman of the Democratic national committee and the State’s favorite son, candidate for the presidential nomination last year. An other Is Representative Joseph W. Byrns, long a member of the House and of the important committee on appropriations of the body. Former Senator Luke Lea, owner of a chain of) newspapers in the State, is be lieved to be politically ambitious and ready to go into the primaries next year. Finis Garrett, former member of the House and Democratic leader, who made the race for the senatorial nomination last y?ar against Senator Kenneth McKellar, is another who may seek the seat made vacant by the death of Senator Tyson. Tennessee flopped over Into the Re publican column last year and gave Its electoral votes to President Hoover. The vote for President Hoover was 195.388: Smith, 167.343, a margin of 28,000 votes. But at the same time Senator McKellar. Democrat, was re elected by a vote of 175,329 to 120,- 259 for James A. Fowler, his Republican opponent. Electing a Republican Sen ator in Tennessee, it is clear, is a very different thing from carrying the State for the Republican nominee for Presi dent against Alfred E. Smith. It is true that Senator McKellar Is extremely popular and doubtless could carry the State against any man. Democratic or Republican. Nevertheless, the Re publicans have a real job cut out for them if they are to make a bid for the seat which has been held by Sena tor Tyson In the election next year. A great deal will depend upon how well the Democrats get together again and also whether the Republicans are able to hold their lines Intact. It has been generally expected that a Ten nessee Republican, Claudius Huston, is to become chairman of the Republican national committee in September, when Dr. Hubert Work steps out of that im portant office. There have been other Indications that the Republicans will do their best to cement the gains which they made last year in this border State. How ever, even in the Hoover Isnd slide the Democrats were able to elect all of the members of the House except the two from the first and second con gressional districts, which have been Republican in the past. Difficulty naturally arises In paying up for a war which, it is freely admit ted, was no pleasure to anybody. Radio and airships are influences for p«*ace. As people become better ac quainted, they are more easily enabled to adjust their differences. His fear of a return of liquor In America leads Henry Ford to consider the idea of taking his manufacturing activities abroad. He has already selected Ireland as a factory location with possibilities of living up to tyis requirements as to total abstinence. Assertions are made that "Tex” Rickard left an estate amounting only to about five thousand dollars. Many an en thusiastic individual has been willing to pay that much for a few ringside seats. A dirigible can sail over the North Pole with ease and provide accurate reports of what Is to be seen. The romance of Arctic exploration Is gone. Every tourist who visits Washing ton. D. C., looks the historic city over, and begins to hope for a residence here. The possibilities for the city's growth are natural, and. so far as can now be foreseen, without limitation. SHOOTING STARS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Labor and Repose. Waitin’ until Labor day— Summer loafln's through. Throw the tennis ball away And beach the old canoe. Hurrying on through happy scenes That we have admired Has been pleasant, but It means We are kind o’ tired. Waitin’ for the office chair With Its cushion soft, Where the elevators bear Those who toll aloft. Summer hardship slips away; Life seems at. Its best As we wait for Labor day, When we’ll take a rest. Adaptability. "You have said some thing* which I do not regard as highly Intelligent,” said the old and critical friend. "When you get bpfore an audience out my way,’’ said Senator Sorghum, “you’ve got to be careful not to assume airs of mental superiority.” Jud Tunklns says you can’t always blame the saleslady for actin’ right haughty. Mebbe she was a winner in the last beauty contest. Regulating Air Travel. We’ll all be angels, folks agree, Above these earthly things. At least a day we soon may- see When traffic cops have wings. Delayed Expression. "Does your wife always say what she thinks?” "Always,” answered Mr. Chugglns. “Even to a traffic cop?” "No. She reserves her opinions of my driving until we get where I am her entire audience.” "Flattery,” said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, "is the praise of a rogue for an Intended victim.” , , Site and Worth. You cannot judge things by their size; The currency will bring surprise. The big bill rates one dollar small: The little one for ten may call! "When I hears a man braggin’ ’bout hisself,” said Uncle Eben, "I listens In silence ’cause I a In’ got de heart to disturb a beautiful dream.” # « —• That’* a Thought. Prom the Louisville Times. What the world needs even more than a good 5-eent cigar la fruit flavors in bar bar’s laUur. THIS AND THAT BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. ] The gentleman who Is pleased to con fide to you how successful he Is ought to be Informed that all kindly listeners : discount what Is told them at least 50 per cent. Being of a kindly nature surely has its drawbacks. It exposes one. before all else, to the boastings of the pleas ant egotists who cannot keep their private affairs to themselves. If those given to personal confidences could realize how their words go in one ear and come out the other, and how in the process they shrink at least half in size, esteem, etc., they might be willing to keep their mouths shut. As It Is. they buttonhole a kindly man or woman, and thereupon proceed to pour Into a long-suffering ear a rapid recital of a triumphant career. Napoleon himself did little better. In his sphere, than these self-constituted monarchs of the modern business world, or art world, or whichever world it Is in which they are so dazzling. Napoleon had his Waterloo, and worse was the luck, but these efficiency ex perts on a generous scale see no pros pect of disaster. If they do. It is the one thing they keep to themselves. They never talk about that! ** * * Here Is J. Robert Mac Doodle, who has done very well for a young man, and everybody Is glad to admit. It. Mac Doodle’s thousands of friends thrill with natural pride at the rapid strides made by J. Robert in the business world. The only fly In the ointment, from J. Robert's view-point. Is that some one or other of those thousands of friends will have missed the rapidity of his climb to such dizzy eminences. Such a thought Is more than he can bear. In a confidential mood, ex pansive as the sunshine, which warms j life into more life, he bears down upon ' you. Intent on placing you in touch with the latest developments. A kind of shrinking takes place; within jour heart, mind and blocd, j as you see the portly J. Robert head ing In your direction. He has bearded you In your den before, so you know exactly* what you are up against. It. wa3 the last time he got a "raise.” It was an increase In pay such as few men in the history of in- ! dustry had ever received. He rame In and told j'ou all about It, dropping a few neat remarks to the effect that the board of directors was immensely pleased with him. and that the "raise'' j was only a forerunner of other and better pay increases. ** * * When Mar Doodle drops In with his pleasant smile, j-ou know without ask-1 ing who or what is to be the total sub ject of conversation. You may think you have not done so bad vourself, for a young fellow, but the ‘blithe Mac Doodle is not in terested. You may have under your hat the knowledge of a substantial in- j crease in pav received only yesterday, j but Mac Doodle is not even mildly | concerned with it. If you were to tell him about It, which under no circumstances would you do. believing such matters purely personal, he would receive the big news without a quiver, with only a non-committal "That so?” to relieve the tension. . , , He wouldn’t even congratulate you. You. for j-our part, are expected not only to congratulate, but to admire, to sing the praises of, to laud, to t magnify. Direction Signs Help to Mar Baltimore-Wasliington Pike BY WILLIAM HARD. most torrid hot dog of an ardent uni- A momentous national problem Is furnished to the United States, or at anv rate Illustrated to the United States, as this writer believes and as serts bv the present condition and ap pearance of that great specimen of arterial motor car traffic movement known as the Washington-Baltimore P Similar conditions and similar ap pearances rapidly are developing on all great motor car through routes in all j parts of the country and they hold up before the mind an appalling picture of the miseries of long distance cross country travel in the near future. A few vears ago, a journey by motor from Washington to Baltimore was a pastoral delight. Rest, and refreshment j came from a contemplation of the un spoiled scenes that lay along the road- : side. The journey meant an interval ' or renewed contacts with nature. It accomplished not only an arrival at Baltimore but a change and a newness of mind. Safety Signs Spoil View, Too. Now it accomplishes an arrival in Baltimore plus an accentuating of all the horrors of city street driving and of city street observation. In the first place the Increased speed of motor cars has rendered necessary an almost continuous series of signs and other devices furnishing directions to. drivers. Does the road swerve a bit? There must be a sign informing the i hastening motorist that a curve—and a j need for reduction of speed—is ap proaching. Does a trolley car cross the road? The motorist must be warned by a vast apparatus of danger signals which will catch his eye at a sufficient distance from his peril to enable him to reach it with his car under control. These precautions are increasingly necessary and Increasingly multitud inous because of the higher power of engines and the higher rate of speed to which they attain. Simultaneously, the public authorities find It desirable and unavoidable to set up hundreds upon hundreds of markers to Indicate to the motorist the number of miles per hour at which, along any given stretch of road, he may lawfully and safely pro ceed. Additionally they find it desirable and unavoidable to set up other hun dreds of markers telling him where he may or may not park. Almost a Charted Traek. Altogther the signs and markers and pointers for traveling directions alone are almost enough now to change the old Washington-Baltimore pike from a road through the country to the near equivalent of a charted track In a rac ing stadium. On top, then, of all these necessary diversions from the beauties and Joys of the countryside and all these neces sary reminders of imminent danger and of lawful procedure, which by them selves would turn the trip from pleas ure into effort, there come the en deavors and the attentions of those friends of the motorist who provide him with his supplies and with his accommodations. , , • .... Hundreds of signs tell him the best tires. Hundreds tell him the best oils. Hundreds expatiate to him on the rela tive merits of rival gasolines. Styi other hundreds discourse to him on makes of cars, on varieties of head lights, on distinguishing characteristics of ignition systems. If thus the appetite of his vehicle receives solicitous consideration, so, too, does his own appetite. Unending signs are erected to stimulate his pre paredness for lunch, for breakfast, for dinner. The boldest 'of these are not satisfied with one statement or Invita tion to him. They go In for repetitive and cumulative appeal. They announce, more or less: "Six miles to the world s hottest hot dog.” "Five miles to the world’s hottest hot dog.” x . "Four miles to it. “Three miles to it.” Why Look for a Daisy? Who can keep an eye out for a daisy or a blue-bird while hypnotized by watchfully awaiting the happy moment whan It will bo only two miles to tbot You are expected to be a w-hole gal- ( lery of applause, a mighty unit of com mendation, an entire theater full of handclappers, all for the avowed and express purpose of applauding the mighty deeds and signal achievements : of one J. Robert Mac Doodle. ** * * If J. Robert wouldn’t put his pay In- . creases so high you might believe them. , but all of his emoluments are made out of rubber, evidently. When Mac gets ( done stretching them for your Innocent , benefit, they are so attenuated that they , look rather flimsy. | Something in their appearance cries "phony,” and you Immediately cut 1 them in two, to bring them nearer to the truth. This Is a good rule. One , may cut the other fellow's salary In- , crease m half with a certainty of being ; somewhere near the truth, for an honest man never tells his. j This is one of the curious points of the J. Robert Mac Doodles of this world. : They bore the rest of us. but never realize that they bore. They tell of , their affairs, but never seem to realize that we never tell. They boast, but apparently do not i notice that their victims do not boast. They tell "tall ones.” which they ; couldn't believe themselves if they heard them from the mouths of others, ] but they never seem to wonder why others scarcely ever regale them with i such wild bursts of fancy. The wonderful J. Robert Mac Doodles : of this terrestrial sphere are alw-ays on such intimate terms with thp boards of directors, and with the presidents, and : with the chairmen of the boards, that one wonders how the boards, and the chairmen and the presidenta manage to hold their jobs. If we were a president in J. Robert’s ; company we would begin to fear for i our nice big job. It would be extremely dangerous to permit such a "go-getter” to come within striking distance of the ; throne. ** * * Mac Doodle Indicates that something ; of the sort is In the air. You can't hold a good man down, you know. ! There is something magnetic In men of i i success, and everybody of lesser steel had better watch out when they get their eagle eyes fastened on something. Robert admits, carelessllke. that he has his eye on the Big Job, the Bigger Job, the Biggest Job. but the time Isn't , ripe >-et. This is in confidence, you , know. His voice takes on a mysterious quality, until you can positively see Growth taking place all around. Whole movements come into being, grow, and recede again into nothing, as the mighty Mac Doodle waves a hand. He could do it. if he wanted to, the i time Isn't yet ripe, but the board has its multiplex eye upon him, and you and the world must watch out, in order i not to be caught napping. He is just letting you in on some- . thing before it happens, see? This $lO,- I 000 increase in salary is only a starter. Ordinary fellows might regard it as quite a bit. or even as pretty good pay, all bv Itself, but J. Robert Mac Doodle simply dismisses it. Yes, sir, with an easy wave of his hand, he bids his nice new SIO,OOO Increase take a seat in his pocket, and ( wait a little while for the more that Is sure to follow. It won't be long now. One is worth just what one can get. and , the Mac Doodles are strong on getting— -1 at least, so they say. verse? . . , The raisers of the temperature of "dogs'’ are no more Insistent, however, | than the wayside farmers who seem al most unanimously to have turned from being producers of crops to accommo tiators of tourists. Their doormats of welcome to the wayfaring man are held alort on sign posts and on fence gates and on veranda cornices with little cessation at any point between the two j cities. I All the directions and advertisements so far mentioned have to do directly i with travel and with its necessities and luxuries. Thev succeed in transforming travel from Washington to Baltimore into just nothing but travel. All its | i old accompaniments of incidental amuse- I ment of observation are thoroughly ob scured j Barely 100 vards of the whole distance of 40 miles from Washington to Balti more is free of multitudinous cluttered warnings and advices on how to travel ! and how to keep on traveling. The one I thought that can successfully survive I in the traveler's mind is that he is on 1 his way and that both sides of the road are conspiring to get him there. Only A Frenzied Fnnnel. The countryside used to be a sum mons to loiter and live. Now along ( i such'a road It Is nothing but an urge ( ito proceed to a destination. It is a ! frenzied funnel between an urban ! frenzy behind and an urban frenzj ahead. i Additionally, but only additionally, are the billboard advertisements of the manufacturers of products having noth ing immediately to do with travel products of apparel, of health, of house hold furnishment, of non-intoxicating drinking, of hygienic smoking. These commodities are sometimes thought to furnish the bulk of the disfigurements of our countryside scenery. They cer tainly furnish their quota. Any casual count will Indicate, however, that it is travel itself and the directions and the supplies for travel that give us the overwhelming majority of the sign*»st and billboard Impediments to travels Here, surely, is a problem that every motoring society and every commercial association in the country should en deavor to attack and to reduce. The directions for securing safety in travel cannot be eliminated, but they can be in manv respects mitigated. Tnc other incessant adjurations to travelers will be diminished in precise proportion as commercial unpopularity assails them. Barring some such development of com mon sense and of sense of bcauiy, there presently will not be a through route in the United States that will not tempt the motorist to stay at home. (Copyright. 10T9.) —a < Value of Penny Cited By Street Car Patron To the Editor of The Star: Why don't you raise the price of your daily paper to 5 cents, thus relieving the reading public of a goodly annual sum as well as a slight annoyance at having to handle pennies? My husband rides the trolley car so seldom he generally pays cash fare, as tokens, like fountain pens, are invari ably in the "other suit.” He is not con temptuous of pennies, but would not ob ject to a 10-cent fare, provided service would be better. All right—if the per manent resident who rides occasionally, as well as the transient who doesnt want to be bothered with buying tokens and who docs not object to a 10-cent cash fare—is that any reason why the regular token user should be penalized by a raise In car fare “to save the an noyance of* handling pennies’? They are already dealing in multiples of 10, where is any argument there? My husband and I were once dining in a restaurant, where a modest tip seemed to be the rule. A. piece of silver and some pennies had been left on a table by some conscientious diner. In picking up the change a coin or two slipped from the waiter's hand. With a fine gesture of contempt, the waiter raised his hand and dashed the rest of the coins to the floor. • • * The average person cannot afford to be so ■ theatrical about-their pennies. A. X* JONES. Borah’s Bounty Plan For Sugar Indorsed To the Editor of The Star: luu be frank In considering the proposed sugar tariff and see just what we will be paying each year to eupport our domestic sugar Industry, provided the above rate < proposed Senate duty of 2.20 cents per pound, or $44 per ton) is finally adopted. The housewife will, of course, under stand that the full amount of the duty will be added to the original cost of the raw sugar in Cuba, plus freight, cost of refining, wholesaling, handling and distributing through the retail stores. She will also understand that whether the sugar she buys originates in Cuba or this country the price will be the same, as naturally the domestic pro ducers will add the duty to their price. With this understood, we can reduce the problem to simple figures. Refined sugar today is selling for about 6 cents per pound retail, which price includes the present duty of 1.76 cents per pound. If she will deduct from the 6 cents the 1.76 cents duty, the remainder, 4.24 cents per pound, is what she would pay for the same sugar if it had free entry into this country. If she has a family of five fa fair average), they will consume during the year about 500 pounds of sugar, either in their tea, coffee, calces, ice cream, soft drinks and preserves, whether homemade or bought outside, for 100 pounds per capita is about the present rate of consumption. Therefore, 500 pounds at 41 4 cents (under free sugar ) would cost her for the year $21.25. Un der the present duty of 1.76 cents per pound she now pays S3O. Under the new Senate schedule of 2.20 cents per pound, 4.24 plus 2.20, $32.20. Under the outrageous rate passed by Congress she would pay 4.24, plus 3 cents duty, 7.24 cents, $36.20. If this proposed 3- cent duty is adopted, the housewife with a family of five will contribute practically sls each year for the sup port of our domestic sugar Industry, in cluding the heathen Moros in the Phil ippines. And the majority of our fami lies are of the working class. Senator Borah has suggested the only economic solution for supporting our domestic sugar industry in proposing a bounty, jvith, we presume, duty-free im ported sugar. A bounty of SSO per ton of sugar would be ample, and in amount per annum would hardly reach the sum of $125,000,000 for many years, if ever. And the difference between the sum and the increased cost of the sugar consumed during the year, of, say, 6.000,000 tons, due to the imposition of the duty, would represent a tremen dous saving to the people of this coun try, as is shown below: Annual consumption of sugar in the United States of America, 6.000,000 tons: increased cost per annum of sugar due to the import duty, 6,000.000 tons sugar at $44 (Senate rate of 220 cents per pound), $264,000,000; 6,000,000 tons sugar at S6O (House rate of 3 cents per pound), $360,000,000; deduct from House rate Increase the estimated bounty of $125,000,000, leaves annual saving to the people of $235,000,000. Think it over. After giving the do mestic industry a bounty of $125,000,000 we would still save each year $235,000.- 000. If the Senate rate should be adopted, the annual saving would be $264,000,000. less $125,000,000,000 (bounty). $139,000,000. The House rate would cost each family of five about sls annually to help the domestic sugar in dustry, or. say, $3 per capita. The bounty plan of Senator Borah would only cost about $1 per capita. Senator Borah's plan would also settle the con troversy regarding "free sugar entry" from the Philippines. Note—Estimated consumption of sugar for the year is based on the fact that 3,000,000 tons were used during the first six months, and the preserving season will doubtless increase consump tion for the remainder of the year. The 100 pounds per capita consumption is based on above figures. The present 6 cents per Round of sugar was given by a local grpoer. GEORGE P. ANDERTON. Urges “Vicious” Sports Be Terminated by Law To the Editor of The Star: Yesterday morning's Post and The Sunday Star carried items regarding a Spanish bull fighter who has come to Washington in an endeavor to stage a bull fight here, claiming that it will be a bloodless exhibit ion. Let us hope that the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the church organizations, in fact the popu- I lace of Washington, will combine to smite this plan. It surely is time to instill into our less than human souls a spirit that is opposed to. cruelty to defenseless crea tures. Any one who cares at all for the spiritual progress of the race should know that it cannot be good for the human being to witness such spec tacles, especially boys, and it would need something other than a toreador's statement to be convincing that it. is less brutal than prizefighting, where the two combatants havo an equal chance. Enough of cruelty already is going |on in all comers of the globe. People are killing, torturing, maiming, perse cuting one another, children among them, and where do children learn cruelty but from their elders? It is time the world became enlightened on this subject and that bullfighting and other vicious sports toward the help less be terminated by law. What kind of spiritual outlook can the one have who can find pleasure in such sights? Let us not permit these cruel prac tices to get a footing, even to the extent of allowing a so-called bloodless imitation. Cruelty is the last, thing in the world for the soul to feed upon. It would be a sad thing for America to countenance it in such manner. J. C. GRAY. I Human Eye Can’t Stand Still, Research Reveals BY E. E. FREE, Ph. D. The habit of the rovihg eye is not confined to gentlemen flirtatiously in clined. It is an attribute of every hu man being so long as he or she is awake. So finds M. Serge Yourievitch. whose investigations of the continual voluntary movements of the human eye were presented recently to the Academy of Sciences in Paris by the distinguished French physicist and physiologist, Dr. J. A. d’Arsonval. Placed in a quiet room, in which nothing moves, every normal person im mediately begins, M. Yourievitch re ports, a continual back and forth move ment of the eyes. For an instant the eyes remain at rest. Then they make a quick movement, sometimes up or down, sometimes to one side or the o;her. In the course of a few moments these movements result in the eyes cov ering successively the entire field of view in front of the head. A curious fact is that the frequency of these movements is nearly constant for different individuals, equaling about 100 movements each minute. The rhythm of the eye seems? M. Yourie vitch suggests, to resemble that of the heart, for the hearts of average people beat at about the same rate for all races and characters of men and women.. Al though M. Yourievitch does not suggest it. it is a reasonable assumption that the cause of these involuntary roving motions of the eye is a habit inherited from our animal ancestors and fixed by the necessity of being continually on the watch for enemies. How Did He Guess It? Prom the IndUnapolii News. The original refueler was the man who ate a hamburg sandwich with one hand and drove the car with the other. Old Mistakes Rare. From the Toledo Blade. People rarely make the same mistake twice. There are too many possibilities for mating nmr ohm. ( ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS Bf FREDERIC t. BASKIN. This Is a special department devoted solely to the handling of queries. This paper put* at your disposal the services of an extensive organization In Wash ington to serve you In any capacity that relates to Information. This serv ice Is free. Failure to make use of It deprives you of benefits to which you are entitled. Your obligation Is only 2 cents In coin or stamps Inclosed with your inquiry for direct reply. Address The Evening Star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washing ton, D. C. Q. Who are the Big Six in base ball? —H. O. A. The members of the Big Six In the major leagues are chosen because they are the outstanding batters. Con sideration Is made of the number of games and the times at bat, Following are the present Big Six: Herman, Robins; Foxx, Athletics; Simmons. Athletics; Hornsby, Cubs; Klein, Phillies; Ruth, Yankees. Q. How many motion picture thea ters are owned by producers or dis tributors of motion pictures?—K. L. A. Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America says that there are approximately 20.300 motion pic ture theaters In the United States, and ; it Is estimated that of this number be tween 2,000 and 2.500 are owned, con trolled or operated by producers or . distributors of motion pictures. Q. What Is the average temperature during September at Quebec?—C. A. S. A. The average temperature during ; September at Quebec is 55 degrees, and the highest and lowest temperatures thereat during September. 1928, were 60 and 47 degrees, respectively. Q. Please give me the name of a French newspaper published in New York City and one In Chicago.—W. D. A. The Courrler des Etats Unis is published in New York City and Le Courrler Franco-Americaln Is published \ In Chicago. Q. What are hair combs usually made of?—L. de L. A. Some are made -of hard rubber. 1 . others of celluloid, and still others from the condensation products of phenol. Probably the largest portion of the combs made today Is from hard rubber. Q. Why la it cooler after a rain?— M. I. A. The Weather Bureau says that one reason—often the chief, if not the only one—ls the fact that evaporation occurs from the wet surface and ob j jects on it. Evaporation consumes very much heat and hence Is a cooling process. Q. How many states have agricul tural experimental stations?—M. N. B. A. Each State In the United States has at least one agricultural experi mental station. Some States have more. The Federal Government allows $90.- 000 per year for the maintenance of . these extension bureaus for the pur- j pose of helping the people throughout I the United States In raising plants, I vegetables, etc. Q. How many songs has Irving Ber- | lin written?—P. S. A. He has written more than 800 songs. i ' I Hoover Ban on Propagandists Meets With Popular Approval Propagandists for causes good or bad ■ | get no sympathy from the press in con ; nection with President Hoover’s atti- I tude toward callers and letter-writers who attempt to use the White House as a publicity vehicle. Discussion centers about the President’s refusal to receive members of the National Association Opposed to Blue Laws. ‘The practice of sponsors of fads and fancies running to the White House . to lay them before the Chief Executive and then coming out with the air of official cognizance surrounding them. , whether or not they had received ex . ecutive approval,” in the opinion of the ; Detroit Free Press, "was a nuisance, an annoyance to the President and a de basement of what he represents. A law protects the flag from desecration. . A law to protect the presidency from similar abuse will not be necessary if Mr. Hoover adheres to his position and ' his example is followed by his suc cessors. The President’s time is the country’s, and is not lightly to be wasted on trivialities. The President. ’ for the time being, is as much a symbol ; 1 of the Nation as the flag, which should | be above the reach of those who have 1 i onlv personal motives to serve.” "One has to doubt.” says the Man chester Union, "that the rule will great ly cramp the style of many addicts of 1 a favorite indoor sport, who have found 1 that by addressing themselves to some dignitarv they can secure a degree of public!tv otherwise denied them. There is still nothing to prevent them from : circulating copies of their productions as letters sent to President Hoover, or King George, or Mussolini, or Kemal Pasha, in bland indifference to the fate of the documents at the hands of any ; of these distinguished gentlemen. To some minds great eclat attached to the idea of debate conducted with those occupying seats of the mighty, even if the debates are wholly one-sided and carried on without response by the sup posed party of the second part.’ ** * * i “If an officer of an organization has ; any occasion to view with alarm.” ac cording to the Terre Haute Star, he might better devote his energies to in terceding with members of Congress. This incident illustrates the type of petty issues which too often are per mitted to consume the valuable time which the President requires to study more pressing national problems.’ The . port Huron Times-Herald gives the further information that “the President of the United States does not need to depend for his information and lnstruc t tion upon the prejudiced appeals of the ■ proponents of any particular cause, and ■ while the President is traditionally a 5 somewhat approachable official,” con • tinues that paper, "we are not paying 1 him to spend his time listening to the ‘ appeals of every sort of citizen who ’ wants his influence as the champion of l a ‘cause.’" * “Many have represented that they wished onlv to exchange civilities with i him.” declares the Buffalo Evening ■ News, “and then, admitted to the office, ■ have read long addresses which later ■ they have given to the press. No more. > The White House requires that callers > shall confide in detail their business to r one of the President’s secretaries, and > Mr. Hoover then will decide whether the ; matter is of sufficient interest to war ■ rant his giving them an interview. The 1 rule is eminently sensible. It is one that will commend itself to all persons » except the paid propagandists.” “Such is the enormous weight of the duties and responsibilities of the Presi • dent that he should be spared annoy ! ance at the hands of little, self-seeking. > two-by-four ax grinders,” contends the . Fort Wayne New's-Sentinel. The Elk ; hart Truth, speaking of the practice of . giving out interviews, states: "Often our Presidents have.been greatly em : barrassed by these callers, for the im l preseion has gone out that they were I giving attention to the propaganda ■ when in fact they only shook the hands , of the callers. It has been a common practice, especially so during the Cool idge administration, for visiting delega tions to ask the President to pose with them for a photograph. Most Presi dents like to be accommodating, and often pose with people for whorti they have little sympathy. • * * They shouldn't expect to use the White House, which belongs to all the people, as an instrument for spreading their propaganda.” ** * * "To permM the great prestige and ln i fluence of toe presidential office to be uaad. even by Inference, tot the promo- ‘ Q. For whom was the city cf Augusta. Ga.. named?—N. O. A. The name was selected by Gen. James Edward Oglethorpe, British colonizer of Georgia. Augusta was named In honor of the daughter of George 11. f Q. What does the’expresslon “ Twas caviare to the mean?—H. R. A. Hamlet says this of a play, mean ing that It was above the taste of the common people. Q. What Is cat ice?—B. L. A. It is thin Ice from under which ? the water has receded—shell ice. Q. Where is Downing street In Lon don?—H. E. S. A. It Is a short street between St. James' Park and Whitehall in the West End of London. In It are the forelen office and other government offices and I so has come to be a synon’-m for the i British government. It was named aft er Sir George Downing, who died in 1684. Q. Is the ground floor of a house and the first floor the same?—R. W. A. In America they are the same, but In England the first floor is the floor above the ground floor. Q. What Is the smallest gold piece that the United States has issued?— Z. A. A. The smallest gold coin issued by the United States Government was the $1 gold piece. 1 Q. Who can belong to the A. A. U. W.? What Is its purpose?—E. G. A. The Association of American Uni versity Women is formed for the pur pose of promoting the welfare end ad vancement of college women. One must be a graduate of a university be fore becoming an active member in the j organization, although the require i ments are less strict for associate mem bers. i Q. How far is Sixteenth street to be 1 I extended?—E. W. V. I A. Sixteenth street is to be extended |to the District line. This will probably !be done this Fall. Maryland is build- < | lng a street to meet Sixteenth street. Construction on this has been started. Q. Have monks and priest* added much to science in the way of inven tions?—P. P. C. A. In the Dark Ages, not only were religion and education kept alive in the ! monasteries, but the sciences were nur tured. Gregor Mendel became famous for his experiments with plapts: Mor.k Guido d'Arreze invented scales and rules for music harmonization: stained glass windows are attributed to a •monk: many devices in hand printing and engraving had their origin in mon asteries; astronomy and seismology owe much to monks and priests, while spec tacles. watches, compasses, automatic devices for stopping trains, radio equip ment have be=n invented or Improved 3 ! upon by these religious recluses. i Q. How much money is spent in this j country for burglary insurance?— i D. J. P. A. There has been a tremendous ln ! crease in the burglary insurance bust ! ness in the- last decade. In 1927, pre i mlums totaled $32,250,000. tion of propaganda of all sorts of ideas and notions concerning which public opinion is widely divided, not only is an abuse of the office, but has a cheapen ing effect on it as well," in the opinion of the New Orleans Item, which adds, “So we hope that Mr. Hoover will adhere rigidly to this rule announced by his secretary, which it is a pleasure to commend.” That paper, however, up holds the reservation that “it is quite obvious that if the rule in question is to commend itself to the respect of the country, it should be applied in each case as rigidly to one side as to the other.” The Syracuse Herald, on this point, holds that “of course. President Hoover was not discriminating against any one connected with the Association Opposed to Blue Laws. It was explained that he was determined that the Whita House no longer should be used for propaganda. There is no good reason why advocates of Sunday blue law* should take up the time of the Presi dent one day. and that he should be required to listen to the foes of blue laws on the next day. No individual, though he may be known as ’the ma chine of the White House.’ indefinitely could stand what Mr. Hoover has been experiencing during the first weeks of his administration. It was time to rail a halt." "It is hard to know just where propa ganda’ begins and legitimate discussion of an issue leaves off.” remarks the Bellingham Herald, "but that obtdously is for the President to d°cide. so far as he is concerned. Propagandists of all kinds try to bombard the Executive Mansion night and day. in the interest of their ‘causes.’ The present admin istration apparently has added a propa ganda bouncer to its pay roll.” Women Make Strides In Office-Holding From the Charleston <W. Va.) Daily Mall. Although women have had the ballot not quite a decade, they have made ! rapid strides in political office holding, j both elective and appointive. Their achievements in this direction are set forth in a survey prepared by the Na tional League of W’omen Vc.ers. They have had two governors and six secre taries of State, but no woman yet has been chosen lieutenant governor or at torney general. The largest salary paid a woman office holder Is being received by Miss Annie Matthews, who is registrar of New York County. She receives $14,000. Next to her comes Miss Genevieve Cline, judge of the United States Customs Court of Ohio, whose pay is SIO,OOO, but she has a life commission. Thirteen women have sat in Congress, and there are now 149 female members of State Legislatures. Several cities have woman mayors, and women are to be i found in many minor offices. They have begun to enter foreign service, five hav ing passed the State Department exami nations. Three women are representing the Department of Commerce as trade commissioners in' foreign lands. Many f hold important Federal appointments in Washington. } Whether the fair sex are guided in their voting by standards and principles different from those that actuate men may be a debatable question, but in going after the spoils of politics they are showing an energy comparable to that of their brothers. Breweries Doing Share. From the New London (Conn.) D»y. , Announcement has been made that old breweries in Milwaukee have been converted to the manufacture of pad locks. Who says that the former liquor interests aren't doing their share in the problem of prohibition enforcement? Not a Blow at Movie*. From the aprinzfleld (Mo.) Leader. St. Louis has prohibited the construc tion of custard pies during the Summer, which is a move in the interest of hpalth and not a blow directed at * movie producers. A Bit Too “Sn#oty.” from the Atlanta Constitution. A snooty fellow in the East wen* too far. Instead of marrying his em ployer’s daughter, as a college professor advised, the snob rah away with his bon* wife.