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NORFOLK PASTOR :WILL PREACH HERE -Hr.’ Rev. H. H. Kratzig, Mission Superintendent, to Address Baptist Memorial Service. . At the National Baptist Memorial Church tomorrow mdming at 11 o'clock Rev. H. H. Krataig, superintendent of the mission work of Norfolk. Va., one of the visiting mission workers in con nection with the forty-fifth anniversary of the Central Union Mission, will oc cupy the pulpit. In the evening the pastor. Dr. O. O. Johnson, will speak on *The Man Who Stood nyith Them.” ' The Senior Young People's Society Kill conduct the meeting at Central Union Mission Wednesday night at 8 o’clock. Walter N. Palmquist will speak. At the close of this meeting the young people will go to the home of Dr. and Mrs. Edgar Speiden for a Halloween Srty. A party for boys and girls will held the same evening at the church •t 7:30. The pastor's subject for the midweek meeting Thursday is "Christ Our Life,” Colossians iii. The church will celebrate the fif teenth anniversary Friday of Dr. John son's pastorate. Newly appointed subcommittees of the standing committee, as announced by the chairman, William Finance, J. Alvis Jones, Frank G. Pier son, I. John Roberts, James Sharp and Charles Werner; publicity, Charles V. Imlay; music, L. L. Beazley. O. F. Hunter, Mrs. O. E. Howe and Mrs. Beu lah Kauffman; supervision of property, B. H. Rosengarten and C. E. Alderman; liouse and janitor service. Mrs. J. W. Babson and Mrs. O. R. Balderson. ' • SKYSCRAPER GIVES PROBLEM TO CITIES <*_ ~ i ... i M **Setbaek" Form of Architecture y Declared* Distinct Credit to United States. .There is, it seems, an ever-growing Bgantention over the height ol build ings in the large metropolitan c.ties, •gys the Michigan Architect and Engi neer. The question is being discussed Horn several angles, especially those of architecture, economics, health and the tyaffle problem. n the standpoint of architec it holds, "the modern ‘setback’ per Is* a credit to present-day an architectural designing .and If not by far, the greatest beau and interesting contributions to i of this Nation’s big cities, ui wjiere the ‘setback’ is skillfully and liberally employed, the modern tall building is an architectural asset to any and certainly docs not menace the Mfilth of the public, because air and •uhshine 1s not blocked off to any ap- extent. ?“But when it comes to the questions ©f economics and traffic, that is some tfiing else again and Is open to argii- Ant. In the matter of the economic desirability of abnormally tall build ups. the proposition is one solely up ta the business judgment of owners and dees not concern the general public. >**But the effect on trsflle congestion ft many skyscrapers located in a cen tralized downtown business area is of ngbllc interest, end whether a limit to the height of buildings should or should wt be governed by ordinance is. right iflr, a live topic In most big cities and fgd long will be given greeter public c^ns'deration.” Starts ser’monseries. ' Slav. A. F. Zlmee Will Preach on 3 General Topic of Power. •["The Gospel, the Power of God,” will be the theme of Rev. A. F. Elmes, pas tpr of the People’s Congregational Church, U street between Sixth and Seventh streets, tomorrow at 11 o’clock. This will be the first of four sermons S the general topic of “Power.” The res themes following are: “Receiving Pbwer at Work," "Power at Work” and “Hindrances to Power." :;At a o’clock the pastor preaches a special sermon under the auspices of team No. a, the theme being “Judes, Hilt Not Iscariot.” The Young People s service begins at 8:30, Vith theme for discussion “What Is Worship?” and • CJporge Brooks w'ill preside. Midweek player service every Thursday. Service by Daughters of King. The national corporate communion es the order of the Daughters of the Kjng will be observed on All-Saints’ day —next Friday. I OPEN DAILY FROM TODAY | New Detached Brick Homes | (Sample Home, 520 Dorsett Avenue on KENWOOD’S main entrance from Wisconsin Ave.— § leading to Kenwood Country Club. j Lota 72 Feet Front by 185 Feet Deep These homes have all brick and hollow tile walls with • | ! slate and tile roofs. They are of center hall plan with 7 and ffl i ® 8 rooms and two tile baths. Hot-water Heat, Electricity, ® 1 Gas and Electric Refrigerators. Built-in garages. The Finest Homes at the Price in or Near Washington Prices, $14,500 to $14,950 I DIRECTIONS Drive out Wisconsin Ave. to Dorsett Ave., Just gj E beyond the District Line—turn left to homes. I Or out Conn. Ave., turning west at Circle on Grafton St., which brings j ; S you to Wisconsin Ave., right at the main entrance to Kenwood, Dor- I sett Ave. 1 BRODIE and COLBERT, Inc. ! I 1707 Eye St. N.W. N.lion.l 8875 >. V 1 REAL ESTATE. r THE HOME GARDENER ' Practical and Seasonal Hints for the Amateur for Beautifying Surroundings of the Home. . BY J. B. WELLINGTON. Manure From Leaves. I It is quite generally recognized by i gardeners that leaves in themselves are mighty poor material to incorporate in ; the soil, and it is equally well known chat leaf mold, the ultimate product of leaf decay. Is highly desirable. The harmful effect of fresh leaves has been ascribed to various causes, such as cut ting off the water supply, too much air space in the soil, acidity increase, etc., but now it is known that the great trouble with fresh leaves is that in their decay they utilize, or rather the organ isms that rot the leaves use, the avail able nitrogen in the soil to such an ex tent as to rob the supply which would go to the garden plants. Leaves, straw or garden rubbish Ls very high in car bon and low in nitrogen. In the long run, leaves, of course, put the soil In better condition, as in the forest, but in short cropping, as in the garden, they are positively injurious for the time being unless previously rotted. Fresh straw was found at the New York agri cultural experiment station to contain substances actually poisonous to young barley plants. It is altogether possible that fresh leaves may contain some thing of a similar nature. During recent years there has been a remarkable interest in the making of so-called artificial or synethetic manure from straw, leaves or any plant waste by adding certain mineral fertilizers and water. Fcr two or three years we have cited the successful method employed by Dr. Griffiths of Takoma Park and now also used by many other gardeners. Leaves are gathered at this season and placed In a pit or low spot to keep them from blowing about, and layer by layer, as leaves are added, the mixture of chemicals is scattered over the mass, adding water to make a moist mass. The Missouri agricultural experiment station in bulletin No. 258 suggests a mixture of ammonium sulphate, ground limestone and superphosphate in the proportion of 4 1 /a, 4 and I*4 pounds, respectively. This combination is used at the rate of about 8 pounds per 100 pounds of straw or leaves. W. R. Beat tie of the Department of Agriculture recommends throwing in some soil with the leaves, and others suggest the use of some hen manure or like material rich in nitrogen. Both these suggestions are along the right, line, as the added materials hasten rotting. All said and done, the whole plan is not so far off from the old compost! heap of the everyday gardener. It has simply reduced the proposition to a more scientific status. In the case of straw, one ton yields about three tons of artificial manure. It is not to be claimed that the process is cheap or easy, but it does offer a sensible way to utilize the otherwise useless and, In fact, objectionable leaves. As to the length of time required, there will be needed almost a whole year because of; the fact that Winter slows down the j decomposition. Under Midsummer con ditions three or more months may com plete the process. COVERING PLANTS Local gardeners are fortunate in that It Is not necessary to cover roses and other semi-hardy plants to bring them through the Winter. Roses of the bush type, hybrid teas and teas are often in jured In the upper shoots, but rarely killed. If mounded up about the base with soil, there is but little hazard of loss of plants unless they are planted in low, wet soil, unfavorable for roses. Crape myrtle is another plant that Should be mounded in its early life. Ap parently with age the myrtle gains in resistance, as one sees old, well estab lished crape myrtle enduring year after year without protection. For the everyday gardener whose time is limited, tender plants are neither de sirable nor desired. This Is one reason why sturdy plants of the type of thq peony and iris have such a strong hold on the gardener’s affection. Tender plants are better adapted to the estate that maintains a professional gardener and has storage cellars and greenhouses. Certain economic plants, such as the strawberry, need protection in the Win ter season, not because of a lack of hardiness, but because their root sys tems are such that they cannot always hold the plants in the soil. Loss of plants from this cause is termed heaving in jury. Newly planted flowering peren (Sawnlmi 500 v PALLSTOH VA THE EVENING STAR. WASHINGTON, P. C„ SATURDAY. OCTOBER 26, 1929. nlals occasionally suffer In this way. Obviously a light coating of straw Is needed to keep the soil frozen. Not a thick coat, because this In turn may smother the plants. Leaves are desira ble, but need to be held In place by a scattering of pine or other boughs. On the other hand, simply piling the leaves on in a mass may very easily cause rotting of the plants, which even in Winter must have air to continue life. PLAN FOR GARDEN Those who may have plans in mind for gardens next Spring on soil which has not been cultivated for some time would do well to have the area plowed or spaded, as It may be, this Autumn. Sloping areas where washing may oc- Tur are excepted, because it is now too late to establish a strong cover crop growth to hold the soil. By turning up the soil at this season and leaving it in the rough, rain and ice are enabled to reach the clods and greatly improve the texture. And what Is equally im portant, grubs of June beetles and other insects will be exposed to the weather and destroyed. Soil that is spaded in Autumn Is ready for an earlier start in the Spring; it won’t be so wet and soggy on the surface as sod or unbroken earth. Autumn is a favorable time to apply lime to the garden, especially forms such as hydrated lime. During the Win ter any active chemical principles that may be In the lime will have time to disappear. Local soils to be used for general garden purposes may be con fidently expected to benefit from lime. It is to be recalled, however, that cer tain plants, such as rhododendrons, heaths, blueberries and native plants, naturally growing in acid soils, may be injured by liming. Common vegetables and -most garden flowers are favored by liming. One pound of hydrated lime to 20 to 40 square feet of soil is a lib eral application. WINTERING ROOTS Dahlias are not Winter-hardy, ex cept in rare instances, where heavily covered with leaves, and then only in mild Winters. The roots should be I carefully lifted shortly after the tops have been frosted. !h heavy loam one must be careful not to break off the tubers, because these cannot grow when separated from the 'Stem, since the buds are on the base of the old stem. Some | P^MAK^ % ' Nearing Completion—They Are Different 4 * SEE WHAT YOU GET HERE FOR • >11,250 :• i l Sample House Open —sBll 4th STREET NORTHWEST <>j > Washington's Fastest Developing Section of All New Homes J ► NEAR ALL CONVENIENCES << 4 Our Latest Group of Houses Are Now Ready to Show V < 7 and 8 Rooms——2 Baths V 4 . All House* equipped with Elec. Refrigeration and Garage*. Many added and 4 ► 4 f attractive features that will not be found in other houses at much higher prices. ' > * ► Inspection and Criticism Invited—We Will Make Attractive Terms!!! 4 * ( ► Open Daily and Sunday—<lo:3o A.M. to 9:00 P.M. < 3 ;» WAPLE & JAMES, Inc. ' > t 9 1226 14th Street s r* eWW n, m n„c //•>»... North 0962 4 ► - r ■■■ -■-■■■ • " j Hgj| I You, Too, Can Own One of These Every one is semi-detached and constructed of lICW brick. They include six 'light, well-arranged pt Ox rooms, modern bath, front and rear porches, built- H 01*1" in BT ara K e a °d many other desirable features. Over 500 already built and sold. Our model ex- hibit home, furnished by Premier Furniture Co., lIUIIICO 425 7th St. N.W., is open daily for your inspection. on terms of only OFFICE AT *55 Monthly Bth & Tuckerman Sts. N.W. and >350 Cash opt " UnHl 9 PM ' JO GET THERE —Out Georgia Arc. ts Tagkermait St., or Georgia Iff tsxsf " i o * “ TBrk,rra,n B ‘- N lheß BB * ‘ Bd 88 56,750 $6,750 to $7,850 SlnYr^if.^l^ire.lVJ^r^a^r* B*’ 8 *’ th,BM lB Tock,r --1437 K Street N.W. Phone Mafn 3830 • h . .„ • • „ .. , i growers divide the clumps In the Fall, but the amateur might better wait until Spring, when the buds have started. A cool cellar such as would keep white potatoes Is ideal for dahlia roots. The ordinary house cellar Is top hot and dry, but conditions may be improved by covering the roots with sand or peat moss. Some gardeners dip dahlia roots in paraffin, but this is a new practice and should be tried on a few roots be fore using generally. Gladiolus corms. or bulbs as com monly known, should be lifted now. and after a few hours drying in the open air, be separated from th* old stalks and stored in a cool, dry cellar or room. Temperature needs are not as low as those of the dahlia, but the heated cel lar is not favorable. The tiny bulbets may be placed in peat moss or sand and held over for next year. Cannas are not hardy and must be lifted and stored in an above-freezing environment. GARDEN CLUBS We are graceful to Mrs. Howard L. Knight of 1420 Buchanan street for the following Information: “The garden section of the Twentieth Century Club met at the home of the president, Mrs. George F. Bowerman, October 15. The program dealt with Spring gardens, there being two fea ture talks, one on the narcissus family, by Mrs. Eugene W. Shaw, and the other on tulips, by Mrs. John O. Johnson. Both subjects were treated in a manner giving historical lore as well as botan ical information.” The Takoma Horticultural Club is about to distribute the order of tulip, hyacinth and crocus bulbs which it pur chased in Holland for members and friends. The officers regret the delay in delivery of the bulbs, but can assure purchasers of satisfactory results. Tulips, especially, seem to have ample time to establish strong root systems. As a matter of fact, most bulbs prob ably grow throughout the Winter unless the soil freezes and remains frozen. Cool House in Summer. Sunlight and air are vital factors In selecting the site of your house. Study the prevailing breezes in Summer and orient your house so that you will get the full value of them. In this way you will have a cool house during the hot season. Local Business Centers Are Held Real Convenience Dealers Expect to Get Trade From 6 to 8 Block Area. *~BY CHARLES H. CHENEY, Chairman City and Regional Planning Com mittee, American Institute of Architects. The Importance of local neighbor hood business or convenience centers to all the outlying residential areas of any city is very great. The local business centers and similar centers in all our cities have been established almost Invariably at important cross roads of traffic. To succeed local stores must be Where people can most conveniently get to them from several directions in order to provide enough customers for profitable service. In questioning shopkeepers of these local centers in many cities during the course of zoning hearings, I find that most of them expect to get their trade withlng six or eight blocks of their establishments. Larger local centers will cater to and reach a much wider circle, but one still comparatively local to the center. Belittle Through Traffic. Through traffic coming from long distances seldom has as much purchas ing power as the local traffic. In fact we seem to have an exaggerated ld>a of both the volume and importance of through traffic ’to local stores, except for restaurants, garages and oil sta tions. In a town of 500 population the only business center is at the railroad station or bus station about the cross roads. About 250 feet of store frontage actually will be in use. In a local center of 5,000 person* the 2,500 feet of store frontage needed can not profitably shoestring out along just the two main* streets which ordinarily form the crossroads that created the center, but will tend to spill over Into side streets, with perhaps one or two nuclei of local centers forming In the outskirts. In a city of 50.000, with 25,000 front feet of store frontage ordinarily neces sary, there should be already six or eight well established outlying local centers. In a city of 500,000 there will be found from 30 to 100 of these neigh borhood centers of variable size be cause they have been uncontroled. There will also be a lot of falsely lo cated and scattered store units placed at Inconvenient and therefore unsuc cessful points by speculators who had little or no knowledge of the traffic necessary to store livelihood. These are the non-conforming use* of the belatejji sonlng now being done In most of our cities. Character of Stores Vary. Os course the number and character of local store centers will vary with the local characteristics of cities. Zoning is the most important founda tion for the proper layout of local busi ness centers. Concentrated centers are more successful than long drawn out ones scattered over a wide area. Real estate developers who can con trol by protective restrictions several hundred or better several thousand acres of suburban development have a great opportunity to limit the total number of stores to something less than 5 per cent of the number of buildings anticipated in their district, thereby insuring the reasonable success of the businesses which come into-the district Mrs. Mattie G. Stafford has pur chased from M. & R. B. Warren the brick detached Colonial dwelling at 6806 Forty-seventh street, Chevy Chase, Md. I A SPECIALIZED SERVICE 1 &us in ess (Property fj S> .' 7 K| .mLeastn# ILa —O ftil CARLG-RQSM P 7 ® MALTOR. <*] 'Tfoodward I ,ai[ional &254 | ** ' 'HI 111. " .min..) .'.l . .. / % , * * '£/■ >■■ j || » MAGNIFICENT in every detail of its appointments, this beautiful new brick home in the exclusive upper Sixteenth street residential section, is certain to meet every require* , ment of the most exacting home seeker. Its nine rooms and three ultramodern baths afford every convenience and every com* fort desired and expcted in a home of this character. 1 I Some of its noteworthy features include the English casement windows of plate glass, an inviting open fireplace with artistic mantle in the living room, wrought iron rail, U. S. Rubber tile floor in pantry and kitchen, polychrome electric fixtures, oak flooring through* out, floored attic over entire house with immense ceder*lined storage closet, automatic storage water heater, slate roof, grounds tastefully landscaped. An* inspection will convince you that this is one of the most outstanding home values offered in Washington. j Open All Day Sunday ! NATIONAL MORTGAGE & INVEST. CORP. | 1004 Vt. Ave. N.W. - Nat’l 5833 Kalmia Rd. l Another completed home in beautiful \ North sate, now V irltei \ I | j H |||k iESBM MBBPBif WBjßr* X I Jill ' 1418 Eye St. N.W. National 5904 ':sL, .-. • - v... ;2:,; jr REAL ESTATE’.’ Holy Hotary Bitea Anaounoed. Forty hours’ devotion will start at Holy Rosary Church, Third and F streets, tomorrow morning with a sol emn high mass at 10:30 o’clock, fol lowed by procession, and will close Washington I Building 15th St, New York Ave. and G St. N.W. • • | OFFICE SPACE j Large Areas PARTITIONED AND FINISHED TO SUIT OCCUPANT Apply WEAVER BROg I j W REALTORS O 1 809 15th Street N.W. District 9486 I Tuesday evening, with a specisfl serrle# at 7:30 o’clock, including, the ehanting of litanies of the saints, the procession with the blessed sacrament and bene diction. There will be masses at 7:30 and 8 o’clock Monday and Tuesday mornings.