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<U. S Wratier Bureau Forecast.) Rain this afternoon and possibly early tonight; slightly colder tonight; tomor row fair; colder. Temperatures—High est. 33. at 3:30 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 26, at 3 a.m. today. “ Full report on page 9 Closing N. Y. Markets, Pages 14 and 15 V Oj OH! Entered as second class matter eA O. post oftlee. Washington, D. C. LONDON AND PARIS i JOIN U. S. WARNING AS TOKIO DISSENTS Japanese Officials Hold Note to China and Russia Is Unnecessary. GOVERNMENTS DECIDE ON INDIVIDUAL PLEAS ! Progress Is Reported in Peace Negotiations as Wang Considers Resigning Position. By the Associated Press. PARIS. December 2. —It was report.- j ed today in reliable circles that France : and the United States, acting individ ually, were sending notes to the Rus sian and the Chinese governments re calling their obligations to the Kellogg- Briand peace pact and appealing them to maintain peace. Other signatory powers of the pact g’so were said to be sending notes. The decision to send the notes was gaid to be the outcome of conversations between France and the United States as sponsors for the Kellogg-Briand pact. The governments eventually agreed that their intervention would be Individual and not collective. BRITAIN AGREES TO PROPOSAL. Favors Joint Note to China and Russia. LONDON. December 2 (/TV— Foreign Secretary Henderson announced in the House of Commons today that at the Instance of the United States the gov-e rrnment of Great Britain has agreed to joint Anglo-American representations to Russia and China calling their at tention to their obligations under the Kellogg pact in view of the disturbed situation in Manchuria. “As to the existence of a state of war, I can only state that as far as I know, neither the Chinese nor the Soviet government have informed any other government that they consider themselves at war.” Mr. Henderson said. "To the best of my belief, the Chi nese government has taken no definite ( step to bring the dispute before the League of Nations. But on November 1 28 the Chinese Minister informed me that his government contemplated such an appeal and asked for my view. “I pointed out that there was a dis- 1 Acuity because the Soviet Union was < not a member of the League, and I informed him of the action of the , United States Government ” Mr. Henderson said arrangements 1 bad been made with the American Gov- ( ernment for the simultaneous Issuing , of a statement to the press by the . British and American governments to morrow morning. ACTION HELD UNTIMELY. Stimson Suggestion Expected to Be , Dropped by Tokio. TOKIO, December 2 (A*).—Official ' quarters disclosed today that the Japan- ! ese government, in response to the pro- < posal of Secretary of State Stimson of J the United States for a joint five-power , declaration warning Russia and China of their obligations under the Kellogg ] anti-war pact, had unmistakably indi- ' cated that such action was untimely , end unnecessary. It was believed here that the* sug- ! : gestion will be dropped. It was defi- j nitely learned that the American pro posal and the Japanese reply were ex- 1 changed during American Charge d‘Af faires Neville’s interviews with Baron i Kijuro Shidehara, Japanese foreign minister, last week. Contents Not Disclosed. Although the draft of the proposed declaration was presented to Baron Shidehara its exact contents were not disclosed. The official Japanese view has been ! that the recent Soviet invasion did not j differ essentially in character from the series of previous raids. Furthermore, it was believed that a declaration at this time would be In terpreted by Moscow as a violation of a neutrality, either charging Russia with being the aggressor or an inter vention in behalf of China. Peaceable Settlement Seen. Moreover, it was pointed out, between the time of the proposal’s presentation and the reply of Baron Shidehara Tokio had received definite assurances that Mukden and Moscow were about to open direct negotiations on the basis of Mukden's acceptance of the demands of Maxim Litvinoff, Soviet acting com missar of foreign affairs, and that events were marching toward peaceable settlement. The Russian Ambassador and Chinese Minister called at the foreign office within the same hour today, but the re sults of the conversations were not made public. NEGOTIATIONS PROGRESS. Meetings Are Between Manchurian and Soviet Governments. SHANGHAI. December 2 (A I ).—From the maze of reports, denials and counter denials of the last week at least one fact appeared certain today—that ne- looking to peaceful settlement ~ (.Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) TWO HOUSE MEMBERS HURT BY FALLS ON ICE Representatives Sam Hill and Wil liam E. Hull Injured—Former in Hospital. Two members of the House suffered painful Injuries today due to the slip pery streets. Representative Sam Hill of Washing ton was approaching the Capitol along Delaware avenue with his wife when he slipped and fell. He was smoking his pipe and the pipe jammed into mouth, cutting a blood vessel. He was removed to Providence Hospital, where he will be confined for several days. Representative William E. Hull of Illinois was boarding a street car when he slipped and fell, wrenching his back. He was given emergency treatment by the naval physician acting as House rector and remained on the job at the Capitol this''morning I BYRD BEGINS OWN STORY, PRAISING CREW FOR COOL WORK IN HOP OVER PEAKS Took a Chance on Clear Weather and Found It—Sighted 2 New Ranges. Feels Bennett's Spirit. BY COMDR. R. E. BYRD. B.v Radio to The Star and the Nr» York Times. LITTLE AMERICA. Antarctica, December I.—On our flight to the South Pole sunshine was necessary. Not only must the eye of our surveying camera be able to record the mountains and other Antarctic phenomena at great distance, but also we must avoid finding clouds over the mountains obscuring the glacier passes by which we hoped to dodge through the 15,000-foot peaks that fringe the great South Polar Plateau. Flying down here with a cloud-covered sky is like flying in a world that has turned to milk. There is nothing to check on. Horizons disappear and there is no way to tell where the snow begins, how rough the surface is nor even how high we are above it. The altimeter records inaccurately because of rapid changes in the sea level barometer, and there are bigger barometric changes ! in the antarctic than anywhere else in the world with such weather • Navigation would be uncertain—landing impossible. Visibility down here is like the little girl with the curl—very good when it is good and terrible when it is bad. To have sunshine for 800 miles in this country of changeable weather is more than one can expect. But for the success of our (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) 11151,1 MORE TO BE ASKED FOR D.C. CONSTRUCTION Bill Will Be Introduced in House Tomorrow by Elliott. Appropriation cf another $115,000,000 for the public building program in Washington will be authorized under a bill to be introduced in the House to morrow by Chairman Elliott of the House committee on public buildings and grounds This is an addition of $75.- 000,000 already authorized. $25,000,000 of which is for acquisition of all pri vately owned land In the triangle south of Pennsylvania avenue to the Mall, much of which has already been pur chased. Os the $115,000,000, $15,000,000 Is in tended for the acquisition of land, a large part of it for land west of the Capitol Grounds and south of the Mall and west of the site now being acquired for relocation of the Botanic Garden. It is contemplated to use the land thus acquired as a site for new War and Navy Department buildings. In addition to the increased authori zation for the building program in the District, the Elliott bill, which has the support of the Treasury Department and the President, will authorize the appropriation of another $100,000,000 to carry forward the public building pro gram throughout the States. This will bring the authorization for the coun try up to $348,000,000. The Elliott bill, a duplicate of which will be introduced in the Senate by Senator Keyes, chairman of the Senate public buildings committee, will in crease the amount to be spent annually in the erection of new buildings from $35,000,000 to $50,000,000. $35,000,000 for the country at large, and $15,000.- 000 for the District of Columbia. This bill also will clear the way for expediting public building construction throughout the country in harmony with President Hoover's plan for gen eral prosperity through the speeding up of industry and all sorts of construc tion work wherever possible. With this end in view, the Elliott bill provides for employment of out side arcnitects to work under the di rection and supervision of the super vising architect in the Treasury De partment. PRESSBANTHOUGHT TO IRK POPE PIUS Speech to Parish Priests Is Believed to Be Complaint Against Religious Restrictions. By the Associated Press. VATICAN CITY, December 2.—Pope Pius’ speech to parish priests in Rome yesterday, which will be published in tonight's Osservatore Romano, Is un derstood to complain that Catholic newspapers in Italy, no matter how mild in tone, are not allowed to com ment on or discuss the agreement be-. tween the church and state and its I application. The Pontiff specifically referred to a | recent publication, entitled "Render | Unto Caesar.” in which the duties of j Catholics citizens are treated. 1 HOUSE DISTRICT COMMITTEE REORGANIZATION IS EXPECTED Democrats Meet Today and Republicans Tomorrow to Frame Slates—Zihlman May Resign as Chairman. The House District committee, which handles all legislation affecting the Capital, will be thoroughly reorganized this session. Possibility that Repre i sentative Zihlman of Maryland may withdraw as committee chairman is causing considerable speculation among fellow House members. The Republican committee on com mittees will meet tomorrow to make up a slate of the majority membership on all of the House committees with the District committee one of the last to be considered. Democratic members of the ways and means committee, constituting the Democratic committee on committees, will meet this afternoon. There is one Republican vacancy on : the District committee, through with drawal of former Representative Bowles (She JEtietthra ifef. V X J ' WITH SUNDAY morning edition WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1929-FORTY-SIX PAGES. *** 0 STREETS HALT CAPITAL’S TRAFFIC DURING RUSH HOUR Thousands Are Delayed on Way to Work by Tie-Up of Street Cars and Autos. A treacherous layer of ice which formed on the streets from a drizzling rain during the morning rush hours today brought vehicular traffic to a virtual standstill inf some localities and delayed thousands on their way to work in the city by automobile and street car. Although no serious traffic acci- I dents had been reported at a late hour i today, innumerable lesser mishaps oc curred. A let-up of the light rain and a grad ual rise of temperatures gave some re lief from the ice this morning, partic ularly on streets bearing heavy traffic, I but weather conditions pointed to a re newal of the slippery coating on the pavements of the District this afternoon or tonight. Although inbound motor busses were halted for a considerable time on the hills and incoming street cars delayed generally between 20 and 40 minutes, the usual service had been restored by 10 o’clock and precautions taken i agamst delays from lee later. 1,004 Abandon Cara. Upward to 1,000 motorists were forced to abandon their cars on the streets and proceed to work by surface I cars or on foot when the slippery go- I ing proved too much for them. j As a result of the general tie-up of ! transportation the usual demand upon the telephone service here was tripled between 8:30 and 9:30 o'clock. The Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. brought in 150 or 200 extra opera tors to care for the unusual volume of calls, but considerable difficulty was experienced before emergency meas ures could be put into effect. On top of the unprecedented demand for service to frozen radiators over the week end, the local division of the American Automobile Association was besieged with calls this morning for chains. Some 300 or 400 motorists ordered them sent either to their garages or to points on the streets where they had been forced to aban don their automobiles. Fewer Motors Freeze. Although 700 motorists called for service on frozen motors over Sunday, the demand for relief from this trouble had appreciably lessened today. Thirty operators are on duty taking the calls, and some 350 service cars in operation this morning, most of which were busy distributing chains. Several persons were treated at Cas ualty Hospital this morning for hurts sustained by pedestrians who slipped on the streets. Mrs. Mattie Snelling, 40. of the 1500 block of Potomac avenue southeast, sustained a dislocated shoul der when she, fell to the pavement at John Marshal place and Pennsylvania avenue. She was admitted to the hos pital. Virginia Keefer. 55. of 833 Firth street, was treated at Casualty for shock after she had slipped and fallen. Pvt. M. J. Geary of No. 7 precinct in lured his left hand when he lost his balance and fell to the street near Wis consin avenue and W place. Several other victims, none of them seriously injured, were given first aid at Emergency Hospital during the morning. Skidding Car Sounds Fire Alarm. I The fire apparatus made a run to j Fourteenth and Belmont streets when | an automobile, skidding on the glassy street went over the curb and broke I the alarm box down. No one was in- I J ur<> ri Another skidding automobile ■ (Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) Massachusetts. Representatives Un derhill of Massachusetts, Gibson of Ver mont and Bowman of West Virginia, all of whom have been active members of the Republican majority on the House committee, stated today that they have asked to be relieved from further duty with the District commit tee- That leaves as the Republican holdover members McLeod of Michigan Lampert of Wisconsin, Reid of Illinois! Beers of Pennsylvania, Stalker of New York, Hall of Indiana and Jenkins of Ohio. There are four Democratic vacancies on the committee, caused by defeat of Hi presentatives Blanton of Texas Gil bert of Kentucky and Cole of Maryland Representative Combs of Missouri was not a candidate. This leaves as Demo cratic holdover members Sullivan of New York. Hammer of North Carolina, Mrs Norton of New Jersey and White- I head of Virginia SCRIVENER DEATH WITNESS REVEALS THREAT TO KILL HER Twice Has Been Told ShaZil Be Slain if She Talks to Grand Jury, Mrs. Turley Says. FINGERPRINT EXPERT TESTIFIES AT INQUIRY Mark on Pistol of Detective Did Not Correspond to His Print, Sandberg Declares. A statement by Fred Sanberg, police headquarters identification expert, that he found a partial fingerprint on the gun which killed Arthur E. Scrivener which did not correspond to the dead detective’s fingerprints and the declare ation by Mrs. Amelia P. Turley, 50 years old. that a man had confessed to her that he killed Scrivener, were out standing developments today as the grand jury began Its Investigation of the mysterious death on October 13, 1926. Mrs. Turley, who talked to news paper men before she entered the grand jury room, declared that she twice had been .threatened with death if she went before the grand jury. ‘‘What do you think of the Scrivener ! case?” Sandberg was asked by reporters 1 when he came out. “I just told the grand jury,” the fingerprint expert replied. "Did you find any fingerprint on the Scrivener pistol?” “Yes.” “Was it Scrivener’s fingerprint?” “No, it wasn't,” “Whose was it?” “I don’t know.” Reluctant to Discuss Question. Asked to explain where the print in question was found. Sand’jerg appeared reluctant to discuss the matter. Re porters followed him through the cor ridors. He finally said the print was on the side of the pistol. There was no fingerprint on the trigger. Sandberg's statement was similar to expressions I made by him during the original in ! vestigation in 1926. He said he had compared the print found on the weapon with the finger prints of Scrivener, as well as the palm prints. and that they failed to match. Sandberg was not called as a wit | ness before the coroner’s inquest, short ly after the mysterious death of the de tective sergeant three years ago. To day was the first time he had been examined by any inquisitorial body as to his belief in the matter. In charge of the identification bu (Continued on Page 2. Column 3.) 63 CHILDRETSAVED IN HOSPITAL FIRE Deadly Fumes From Burning X-Ray Films Fill Home for Crippled. By the Associated Press. NEWARK, N. J., December 2.—Sixty nine children, ranging in age from 4 months to 15 years, all bedridden pa tients at the Hospital and Home for Crippled Children here, were safely re moved today when fire was discovered in the X-ray file storage room. Although deadly 4 fumes from the burning films filled the corridors of the building, known as the old section, none of the children, attendants or firemen was affected. Patients Unaware of Fire. * None of the patients in the new an i nex, mostly adults, was aware of what was taking place. The fire was discovered by Dr. George Osgood, recent University of California graduate and resident interne. He de tected the fumes which he traced to the first floor, where three rooms are de voted to X-ray work. After cutting electric wires and using a fire ex tinguisher, he summoned the fire de partment and aroused the staff. Fumes Fill Corridor. By the time firemen had arrived, the fumes had filled the lower corridors and could be detected half a block away. A second alarm was turned in and a call sent for gas masks. In the meanwhile, hospital attendants had started moving the patients. They were assisted by firemen who did not attack the blaze until the children were evacuated. goods Theft RING IS BELIEVED BROKEN $65,000 in Stolen Linens Is Seized, With Five Men, in Chicago and Gotham. , By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, December 2.—The smash ing of a ring specializing in stolen goods in New York and Chicago was believed by police to be imminent today. Ap proximately $200,000 in stolen goods was recovered yesterday. Five men were arrested yesterday following the seizure of a shipment of linens valued at $65,000 being dellveted to a storage place owned by Ralph Nakutin. The linens recently were stolen in New York, police said Two of the five were arrested in New York. Guards were placed at another store owned by Nakutin nnd three men w»ere seized there when they drove up with a truckload of goods. These three, all American Railway Express messengers, Identified themselves as William Gray of Elgin, Charles Armitage of Maywood and Harold Russell of Chicago. They confessed to throwing off goods on their run between Chicago and ' Cairo, 111., and estimated the amount stolen in this way to be SIOO,OOO. ■' NakuMn still was at liberty, but police were holding his 89-yeax-old father. SUCH SLIPPERY STREETS! SMITH IS GRANTED NEW DEATH TRIAL Confessed Slayer of Daugh ter Has Capital Punishment Sentence Set Aside. The District Court of Appeals today set aside the conviction and death sen tence of Franklin Ellsworth Smith, 50- year-old bank watchman, who admitted strangling to death his 19-year-old daughter, Bessie, at their home, in the 1100 block of New Jersey avenue. In September, 1928. with whom he had sustained illicit relations. A new trial was ordered in the court's opinion, written by Justice Josiah A. Van Orsdel. United States Attorney Leo A. Rover announced that a retrial would be called early in January. The action of Chief Justice Walter 1. McCoy, who presided at the trial, in re fusing to instruct the jury on the doc trine of “Irresistible impulse** when the defense was insanity, the appellate i court declared, “deprived the defendant of a substantial right which the law ac cords him, and which is essential to a fair and impartial trial.” Trial Justice Denied Plea. The instruction outlining irresistible impulse was offered by Attoreny E. Rus sel Kelly for the prisoner and was not objected to by Assistant United States Attorney William H. Collins, in charge of the prosecution. Indeed, the appel late court points out, Collins suggested his willingness that it should be granted, but the prayer was denied by the trial justice. The prayer offered by Kelly and re fused by the court reads: “The jury are instructed that if they believe from the evidence that at the time of committing the acts charged in the indictment the defendant was suffering from such a perverted and deranged condition of his mental faculties as rendered him in capable of distinguishing between right and wrong, or unconscious at such time of the nature of the act charged in the indictment while committing the same, or where though conscious of them and able to distinguish between right and wrong, and to know the acts were wrong, yet his will, the governing power of his mind, was otherwise than vol untarily so completely destroyed that his acttonwas notsubject to it, but beyond (Continued on Page 27 Column 2.) AißMAiTpiLar IS FEARED LOST Flyer on Bellefonte-to-Cleveland Route Is Hours Overdue as Snow Blocks Way. W By the Associated Press. CLEVELAND, December 2.—Pilot Thomas P. Nelson of Plainfield, N. J„ flying the airmail from Bellefonte, Pa., to Cleveland, was hours overdue here today and officials of the National Air j Transport Co. feared he might haye ] failed to ride through a snowstorm 1 over the Pennsylvania mountains. Nelson, who left Bellefonte at 11:15 • p.m. yesterday, was scheduled to ar rive here at 2:15 a.m. E. E. Underhill, east-bound airmail pilot, arrived safely at Bellefonte early today, but reported a stiff battle with j a snowstorm around Clarion, Pa., and i it was feared that Nelson might have | met w'ith disaster in this area. Four planes were sent out by the N. A. T. at 8 a.m. to search for Nelson. I They were to go first to Clarion and j then work back from there toward I Cleveland. A plane was reported over j Clarion about 1 a.m. Nelson last was reported at 1:50 a.m i at Parkman, Ohio, but that report was I based only on a plane being heard. He j also was reported heard at Brook- l ville, Pa. POLICE CURB ASKED. New Orleans Workers’ Meeting Raid May Bring Injunction. NEW ORLEANS. December 2 (P).— 1 Stephen Alison said an injunction re straining police from halting labor j meetings would be sought before the j courts today as the result of a raid yesterday upon a meeting in headquar ters of the Marine Workers’ League and the local branch of the International Labor Defense. Alison Is secretary of the latter organization. Arrested and accused of being dan gerous and suspicious characters were Victor Aronson, secretary of the Marine League, and league members Walter Kreworth and Frits Strauss. - ' " Radio Programs—Page 39 COURT BACKS HUSBAND'S RIGHT TO LIMIT WIFE TO ALLOWANCE Representative Huddleston Exonerated in Appeal Decision, Which Holds Budget for Clothing Was Ample. May a wife, wjio has been furnished with ample means with which to pay cash for articles of clothing, make purchases on her husband's credit? Does the responsibility lie with the merchant to learn if the wife is so provided and may he recover from the husband if the wife fails to pay? These two questions are answered in an opinion of the District Court of Ap peals, rendered today by Justice Charles H. Robb, in which he exonerates Repre sentative George Huddleston of Alabama of liability for a debt of $245 owed to the Saks Fur Co. as a balance on the purchase by Mrs. Bertha Huddleston of a fur coat and a fox scarf totaling $253. on which a down payment of $8 had i been made. Huddleston claimed that he gave his wife $75 in cash each month for her personal expenses and had forbidden her to pledge his credit. Judgment in favor of the husband was rendered in the Municipal Court, and the merchant sued out a writ of error and the court BANDIT GETS 12,230 FROM OIL CONCERN Two-Gun Robber Holds Up R. B. Ralph in Office and Makes Escape. A two-gun man walked into the little office of the Ralph Oil Company, at Fourth and Bryant streets northeast, shortly after 10 o’clock today, stuck two black automatics toward Richard R. Ralph, proprietor of the company, and calmly walked out of the office with $2,230 in currency. The loot repre sented part of the receipts of the oil company for Friday and Saturday. As the robber left the one-story gal vanized shack which houses the office of the oil company he admonished Ralph, “If you stick your head out the door in the next five minutes. I’ll kill you.” He then ran In the direction of the railway tracks through a busy in dustrial section crowded with men and vanished in the vicinity of the ware house of the E. G. Schafer Co. The loss is partly covered by insurance. A number of checks were untouched. Not a word was spoken from the time the bandit pointed his guns at Ralph after calmly walking through the door of the office with the request that Ralph “stick ’em up” until the robber ran out of the door of the office with the money in his pocket. “I'd recognize that man ifj saw him 20 years from now,” Ralph said as he sat in his office a few minutes after the * robbery and after he had been treated I by a physician for overstrung nerves, j Ralph said the man was of medium ! height, about 5 feet 8 inches tall, with black hair and eyes, dressed in a blue overcoat, and with a gray knitted muf fler covering the entire lower part of (Continued"on Page 2,~Column 5.j" —' r \ WVItXKMVM •>• n v ' " I VUlUlltll »•/ I I ELECTRIC EYE THAT SEES POISON j GAS IN HOLLAND TUNNEL TESTED ! ~—rr i Orb Designed to Catch First* Suspicion of Tainted Air j and Give News Half a Mile Away. . j ! By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, December 2. —A new mechanical eye that can see dangerous I gase* before they are visible to the i hitman eye is under test today in the ! treat. Holland Tunnel under the Hudson. I The device detects hase rising from automobile exhausts. It is set directly ; above the traffic lane where the motors j labor hardest. Through an electric wire it moves a pencil in an office half a mile away, tracing on a scaled sheet of paper a record showing when the clear, pure-looking air in the tube is beginning to store up poison pockets. This record lies before a supervisor, who 1s within reach of exhaust tan switches and ready to speed their suc tion when the moving pencil gives warning. The detector is made of a long bram of light and a photoelectric tube, round t \ ‘ r-,J»"iL ■ ■ “From, Preu to Homo Within the Hour ** The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Saturday’s Circulation, 108,761 Sunday’s Circulation, 117,112 (A*) Means Associated Press. was told that a number of similar cases are pending before the Municipal Court. After reviewing at length a number of American and English cases, the court lays down the rule that when a husband has once performed his outv to provide for his wife, he may not be compelled in a court of law to do so again. “We are of the view,” says Justice Robb, “that the rule to be deduced from the authorities we have reviewed is just and salutary. Its tendency will be to check extravagance tone of the most pronounced of modern evils), and at the same time protect thousands, who. in good faith, have made such provisions (Continued on Page 2, Column 87) SENATE SEAT FIGHT PLANNED IN JERSEY Frelinghuysen, Undismayed by Strength Behind Morrow, Will Continue in Race. By the Associated Press. ATLANTIC CITY, N. J„ December 2. —Undismayed by the prospect of find ing himself opposed by Ambassador Dwight W. Morrow and a powerful organization, Joseph S. Frelinghuysen has expressed his determination to con tinue in the race for United States Senator from New Jersey. “I have announced my candidacy and I certainly shall run,” he said at his home at Far Hills, N. J„ after learning that Gov. Morgan F. Larson intends to appoint Ambassador Morrow to fill the vacancy caused by the resig nation of Senator Walter E. Edge, recently named Ambassador to France. Gov. Larson announced his intention to appoint Ambassador Morrow at a testimonial dinner here Saturday night in honor of Senator Edge. At the same time David Baird, jr„ who has been appointed to the vacant Senate seat, announced that he would resign in favor of Mr. Morrow as soon as the latter returns from the Naval Reduc tion Conference in London, which be gins next month. Edge Term Expires in 1931. The term of Senator Edge expires March 4. 1931, and the appointed suc cessor will hold office only until the election of 1930. Nominees will be chosen at the Spring primary. Mr. Morrow is expected to be a can didate for the rest of the unexpired term and also for the next six-year term. Mr. Frelinghuysen, was formerly (Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) as a base ball, but smaller. Alongside this electric eye is a lens projecting the; beam above traffic and parallel to it up near the tunnel roof. One hundred and fifty feet away a mirror catches this beam end reflects it back, not to the lens, but directly into the round eye. Haze or other impurities, and particu larly warm exhaust gases that rise to the iriof. pass through the beam. In passing they shade the volume of light, and. ai: hough the shadow may be vir tually infinitesimal, the sensitive me chanical eye detects it and transforms it into electrical energy. The detector was designed according to suggestions made by the engineering department of the tunnel and built by General Electric Co. engineers. Before it is accepted for the job it will undergo lengthy tests, directed by Ole Slngstad, chief engineer and superintendent of the tunnel. If successful, it may be the fore runner of household and business me chanical watchmen. 1 CONGRESS GATHERS BUT WORK AWAITS HOOVER MESSAGE President to Communicate Legislative Wishes to Ses sion Tomorrow. TAX CUT WILL RECEIVE IMMEDIATE ATTENTION Senate to Get Busy Early on Vare Case and Tariff—House, 4 Appropriations. BY G. COULD LINCOLN. The legislative wheels of the first regular session of the Seventy-first Con gress, which met at noon today, stirred but made little progress. The sessions of Senate and House were brief. Committees were appointed on the part of both houses to wait upon the President and inform him that Congress had assembled and awaited any communication which he desired to send it. The organ ization of the two houses was completed in the special session of Congress which closed 10 days ago, except in the case of the House, which still has the great ma jority of its standing committees to appoint. The development of a quorum, the appointment of the committees to rail on President Hoover and the fixing of the hour of meeting at noon was the only business undertaken. Immediately thereafter the Senate adopted resolu tions of regret for the death of the late Senator Francis- E. Warren of Wyoming and adjourned as a further mark of respect. The House followed a similar course. President's Message Tomorrow. The President's message to Congress “on the state of the Union.” his first comprehensive message to the body, will be transmitted to both houses tomorrow. As already indicated, the President will propose a slash in the normal income tax rate oi both individuals and cor porations, applicable to the taxes which will be paid in 1930 on incomes in 1929. Tills measure and the regular appro priation bills will occupy the immediate attention of the House. On the Seante side of the Capitol the unfinished tariff bill and the case of Senator-elect William S. Vare of Penn sylvania are expected to be the first matters taken up for consideration. The Vare case is to come up tomorrow under an agreement entered into during the special session of Congress. The Senate will have before it a reso- 1 lution offered by Senator Norris of Nebraska denying Mr. Vare-a seat in the Senate because of excessive expenditures and alleged corruption in the senatorial primary campaign of 1526. A move ment has been set on foot to postpone consideration of the Norris resolution until after the contest brought by Wil | Ham B. Wilson, Vare's Democratic op ponent in the senhtorial election, shall | have been decided. If that course be adopted, the Vare case, which has hung I fire now for three years, may be still | longer delayed. The Wilson contest is : still before a subcommittee of the Sen j ate privileges and elections committee and Mr. Vare is demanding that the committee examine the ballots cast in 31 counties, more than a million ballots in all. The expectation Is that whenever the Norris resolution is taken up for (Continued on Page 4, Column 2.) FRAU DISCHARGED IN NEW OIL SUIT U. S. Seeks to Cancel Rental of California Lands to Pan- American Co. By the Associated Press. LOS ANGELES, December 2. —Can- cellation of oil leases in Kern County, Calif., said to be valued at $16,- 000,000, is sought in the suit of the United States against the Pan-Ameri can Petroleum Co., which begins today before Judge Frank H. Norcross in Federal Court here. The suit Involves three oil leases totaling 660 acres. The Government charges that the leases were made through asserted fraud between Albert B. Fall, former Secretary of the Interior, and Edward L. Doheny, head of the Pan-American Co. In addition to an injunction forbid ding further use of the lands and the cancellation of leases, the Government seeks an accounting for profits already derived. The complaint charges that Presi dent Harding’s order transferring cer tain oil reserves from the Navv to the Interior Department was illegal and not to the best interests of the United States. It further charges that fol lowing the transfer. Fall, then Secre tary of the Interior, and Doheny brought about leases in the Elk Hills, Calif., field for private profit and as the result of a conspiracy. The suit recites that in November 1921, Fall received SIOO,OOO from Do , heny for leases made without being I legally advertised and with no con •sideration paid to highest oidders. Atlee Pomerene, former United States | Senator from Ohio, heads the Govem j ment counsel, assisted by Thomas M Kirby and Frank Harrison, assistants to I the United States Attorney General, l Doheny is expected to be called as a . witness. MOTT GETS DIVORCE. Wife of General Motors Official Does Not Contest Action. - December 2 UP). — Charles s. Mott, vice president of the General Motors Corporation and head of the Union Industrial Bank of Flint, was granted a decree of divorce this morning. His wife, the former Mrs Dee Furey, was present, but did not contest the action. Hearing on the divorce petition was held privately in chambers, and the grounds upon which it was made were not made public. When the petition originally was filed, a statement given out by counsel for both parties said a divorce had been agreed upon and a settlement satisfactory to both had been arranged.