Dr. Isadore S. Falk Succeeds
in Experiments Begun
12 Months Ago.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. December 13.—A 30-
year-old scientist. Dr. Isadore S. Falk
of the University of Chicago, has an
nounced the successful Isolation of the
germ that causes influenza.
Dr. Falk, professor of hygiene and
bacteriology, began his search for the
influenza germ a year ago yesterday,
and succeeded in isolating it Septem
ber 30. During the course of the ex
periments, it was learned, the 13 co
workers, as well as Dr. Falk himself,
were victims of the disease they sought
With the announcement of isolation
of the germ, hope was expressed that
vaccine or anti-toxin might be de
veloped that would bring Influenza and
certain types of common colds and
bronchitis under control.
Tne influenza germ, Dr. Falk said,
Is of the pleomorphic streptococcus
type, resembling a string of piearls not
well matched, such as "‘might have
been strung by a child.” The germs
colonize in clumps, rough and smooth.
The rough clumps are the more viru
lent, Dr. Falk said. 'The smooth ones,
he believes, produce common colds of
the sore throat type.
In Normal Throats.
Some of the germs he designates as
“smooth” are to be found in normal
throats, the experiments showed.
Samples of the blood and throat cul
ture of one of his assistants. Miss Ruth
A. Kinnev, were used at the start of
the experiments. These revealed many
varieties of germs. After continued in
vestigation suspicion centered upon
one, and experiments were conducted
with it, convincing Dr. Falk that this
was the germ responsible for the
The germ. Dr. Falk said, will not
prove fatal in itself, but the disease for
which it is responsible weakens the
patient in many cases so that he falls
victim to other, deadlier, germs.
With the isolated germ Dr. Falk and
his associates conducted experiments on
small animals, producing in them a
disease stmular to the influenza that
attacks human beings.
Dr. Falk was carelul to point against
too great hope from the discovery.
Experiments Going On.
“In research for specifics for some
diseases, isolation of the germ is 75 per
cent of the battle,” he said. “It re
mains to be seen whether that is true
in this fight. Experiments in quest of
such a specific are now being car
It is Dr. Falk's opinion that a vac
cine may be developed which spraved
in the threat will cure influenza. De
velopment of anti-toxin also is to be
sought. Indications that the germ
produces a toxin that may be combat
ed with anti-toxin are found, he said,
in the fact that a person who has had
influenza is immune to it several weeks
Research work in quest of the in
fluenza germ has been carried on at
the University of Chicago since 1918,.
although the particular series of ex
periments that proved successful were
begun only a year ago. In Dr. Falk's
group of investigators were R. W. Har
rison. Dr. M. A. Jacobson. Miss Mc-
Kinney and Dr. G.'. W. Stuppy of the
department of hygiene and bacteriology.
Drs. E. R. Long, Bela Halpert and R. R.
Cannon of the pathology department
co-operated, and later several others
took part, Dr. Falk- said. •
Dr. Falk, despite ftl* youth, previously
had gained distinction for his Invention
of electrical device* Jo determine rap
idly the degree of virtilenee Os bacteria.
Both Dr. Falk and President Robert
Maynard Hutchins, youthful president of
the university, are Yale graduates and
both arc natives of Brooklyn, N. Y. Dr.
Falk finished at Yaie in the class ahead
of Dr. Hutchins. He has been at the
University of Chicago six years.
At the end of the present school
quarter Dr. Falk will relinquish his pro
fessorship here to become associate di
rector of the committee on the cost of
medical care at the Hygienic Laboratory
Sharp Falling Off of Demand for
Gems Affects Belgian Industry.
BRUSSELS. December 13
proximately 32.500 persons are now
idle in consequence with the reduced
working hours in the diamond indus
try made necessary by * sharp falling
off of the demand for'-gems which fol
lowed the collapse of prices on the
New York and continental stock ex
The loss in wages was estimated last
night at about $400,000 weekly. Thus
far 145 establishments connected with
the industry throughout Belgium have
been affected. Employers in the dia
mond industry in Antwerp decided on
November 26 to close-their works from
December 7 to December 21. Syndi
cates representing the Belgian industry
in general took the less drastic step
at the same time of reducing working
hours by half.
The depression in the industry also
has been felt in South Africa and in
Holland. The Amsterdam Diamond As
sociation on November 27 voted to re
duce working days to three a week
from December 8 to January 4.
HORSE BREEDER DIES.
Thomas M. Murphy of Louisville
Heart Attack Victim.
LOUISVILLE. Ky, December 13 (A>).
—Thomas M. Murphy, 63, died yester
day at a hospital here, where he was
taken at noon suffering from a heart
Mr. Murphy was the owner of the
Golden Maxim stock farm, near here,
and had been interested in race horses
since he came here from HenryviUe,
Ind., 40 years ago. His farm produced
Switzerland is giving aid to radio
broadcast in|. .
r - day-San “j
J. R. ENRIGHT
DEMURE COTTON EVENING GOWNS
VIE WITH SNAPPY SPORTS GARB
Afternoon Dresses Find Where Ankle Is, but Street
Wear Clings to Knees or Just Below.
B* the Associated Pres*.
CHICAGO, December 13. —Those long
skirts, dotted Swiss dresses, wide
brimmed straws —how young America
snickers! But they’re coming back!
The Cotton Textile Institute of the
American Farm Bureau Federation
Mull and muslin (grandmother used
to think there was nothing much better
for a dress) are returning. Frocks of
these materials already are in vogue
at Florida resorts the farmers’ wives
were told today by Miss Susan Bates of
New York, speaking for the institute.
Cotton may not sound so ritzy to
young women who speak in terms of
chiffon, silk and such, but the insti
tute revealed that one could oay good
prices for cotton as well. A simple
street dress had a $35 price tag, and
THE EVENING STAR. WASHINGTON, D. C„ FRIDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1929,
$125 for an evening gown is really
nothing, Miss Bates said.
Styles determine the price, the insti
tute pointed out. cotton gowns created
by well known designers commanding
their price even as those In silk.
The uneven hemline was not much
in evidence, but the dresses were long.
Skirts for afternoon and evening were
ankle length, but the sport and street
dresses hung only three to four inches
below the knees.
Prints were popular, but plain colors
were more abundant, with blue and
“shrimp-pink” prominent. White was
well shown, and the institute Exhibit
indicated that next Summer would be
another sun-tan season.
The exhibits of evening gowns drew
such adjectives as “demure,” "prim”
and “sweet,” but the word used In
describing the sports garment was
1 ACCUSED OF ROBBERY.
i Woman, 43, Bluffs Girl, b.ut Is
Caught After Flight.
DETROIT. December 13 </P). —A 43-
! year-old woman went into the hold-up
racket in the busy downtown shopping
district here Tuesday afternoon and
secured $23.75 by bluffing a girl canay
Her crime career was halted a few
minutes later. A policeman and two
other men responded to the vict'rn s
A Doctors have pre- M
A scribed Pertussin Jfl
R more often than
any other adver- Jfl
tised cough rem
screams, chased the woman and caught
her. They found that the old-fash
ioned muff which she had pointed at
the girl, telling her there was a pistol
inside, contained no weapon.
r AIR EXPRESS SERVICE
TO AND FROM WASHINGTON
Commencing December 16th the Railway Express Agency will
Inaugurate Air Express Service between Washington and Pittsburgh
over the Clifford Ball Line, making direct connections via Cleve- |
land with the transcontinental air express service.
Shipments will be accepted weighing not more than 200 pounds
per piece at a value not to exceed $5,000.00 per shipment.
Call Service and Special Delivery Is provided for all air express.
The approximate time from Washington to San Francisco or
Los Angeles is 35 hours.
For further information, apply:
RAILWAY EXPRESS AGENCY
Address: 1414 F Street N.W.
Telephone: National 1200
The hold-up woman gave her name
as Mrs. Helen Evans, saying she Is a
native of England and came to De
troit 14 years ago. She is held on a
charge of robbery not armed.
Perfect ease without sacrificing good appearance
Fit the most difficult Y II ! H
feet with smart-
compelling models , The Ramona
that are a boon to Black kidskin—snug
tvtA fnaf jind a nlpas- the heel, high in
1 the * eet * na a pleas the arch-roomy at
ure to the eye. the toe with Main
929 F Street
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