(V. 8. Weather Bureau forecast )
Increasing cloudiness today followed
by rain or snow tonight and tomorrow;
not much change in temperature.
Temperature—-Highest. 34 at 3 p.m.
yesterday; lowest. 21 at 7 am. yesterday.
Full report on page 26.
* No. 1,292-No. 31,281.
FLAW IN RAILWAY
Failure k Provide Through
Pacific and Atlantic Coasts
Line Hit in Senate.
U. S. TRANSPORTATION
MAP IS RESHAPED
Interstate Commission's Program
for Congress Provides 19
Sr the Associated Press.
Consolidation of steam railroads into
18 competing units that would radically •
reshape the Nation's transportation map
was outlined by the Interstate Com- j
Pierce Commission yesterday in its long- j
awaited unification program, drawn at
the direction of Congress.
Five of these systems would be in the
East outside of New England, two would
be in New England, three in the South
•nd the other nine in the West.
The Pennsylvania, the Baltimore &
Ohio, the Chesapeake & Ohio, the New
York Central and the Wabash would
be the key systems in the East. In
New England the Boston & Maine and
the New Haven would be the dominant
reads, while in the South the Atlantic
Co&st Line, the Southern and the
Illinois Central would head the major
The other key lines would be the
Great North-Northern Pacific systems,
the Chicago. Milwaukee, St. Paul and
Pacific, the Burlington, the Union Pa
cific, the Southern Pacific, the Santa
Ft. the Missouri Pacific, the Rock
Island and the Chicago and North
Immediately brought to the attention
of Congress, the plan was assailed from
the Democratic side of the Senate for
Its failure to provide through trans
continental lines connecting the Pacific
and Atlantic coasts.
Additional Law Question.
The question was also raised at the
Capitol whether additional legislation
Is required to empower the commission
to carry out its consolidation scheme.
Senator Fess of Ohio, the author of a
compulsory consolidation bill now be
fore the Senate interstate commerce
committee, planned an early conference
with members of the commission to
determine their wishes on legislation.
Senator Watson of Indiana, the Re
publican leader and a former chairman
of the interstate commerce committee,
expressed the conviction that the addi
tional legislation would be required and
be proposed that Congress take it up
early next year.
Senators Pittman of Nevada and
Wheeler of Montana, Democratic mem
bers of the interstate commerce com
mittee, assailed the plan in the Senate,
Wheeler opposed the provision that
would merge the Northern Pacific and
the Great Northern, asserting It would
be a “great calamity” for the North
While Senators Fess and Watson
talked of compulsory legislation for con
solidation, Commissioner Eastman, in a
separate opinion contained in the com
mission's plan, held that “we should
proceed slowly in this matter,” and
added that “the best consolidation plan
would be one so constructed that if good
reason later develops, after we have had
more experience, for carrying the proc
ess of unification further, it could be
done by merely combining some of the
smaller systems.” i
Open Terminals Urged.
Differing radically from present usage, ]
the commisison proposed that all rail
road terminal properties should be i
thrown open to all users on “fair and
equal terms, so that every industry on
whatever rails located shall have access
to all lines radiating from that terminal,
and every line carrier reaching that ter
minal shall similarly have access to all
terminal tracks within the terminal
At present terminals are owned in
most instances by the pioneer road in
th?t section or a combination of roads,
with other users paying for the privi
lege. The commission pointed out that
for years access to terminals has raised
questions associated with such terms
as reciprocal switching, absorption of
switching charges, switching of com
petitive traffic, and with unjust discrim
inations and undue preferences.
“The unification of terminal proper
ties everywhere,” it was contended, !
"should put an end to disputes of this I
character to the advantage alike of all j
railroads and all users of railroads.”
In proposing that the Eastern roads
be merged into five great systems the
commission settled a long-debated ques
(Continued on Page 4, Column 1.)
’ STRUCK wiTH PISTOL. !
Maryland Man in Hospital After
Alleged Fight With Dry Agents.
Suffering from an injury that may
prove to be a fractured skull, sustained
last night when he is said to have been
struck on the head with the butt of a \
pistol, James H. Lowe, 41 years eld, of I
T B, Md., was brought from his home •
to Emergency Hospital by Prohibition
Agent Jchn T. Weigel.
Weigel told hospital authorities that j
Lowe engaged in a fight with dry agents |
when they went to his store last night, j
Lowe was suffering from a deep gash
above the left eye. Physicians said his
skull may be fractured as a result of
BYRD, MADE REAR ADMIRAL, TOLD
OF PROMOTION IN RADIO MESSAGE
Explorer Is Youngest Living Naval Officer Holding
Highest Title Possible in Time of Peace.
By the Associated Press. |
Richard Evelyn Byrd became a rear
admiral yesterday and word of Presi
dent Hoover's signing the congressional
act raising his rank went out last night
to the explorer’s headquarter? in the
Now. at 41, Byrd is the youngest
living Navy officer holding the title,
which is the highest it is possible to
be granted permanently during peace
Senator Swanson of Virginia, who j
sponsored the bill that went to the >
White House yesterday after the House I
passed it. said last night that "Byrd’s j
< Ijptle dates from today, instead of from 1
Entered as second class matter
post office, Washington. D. C.
BYRD DOUBTS EXISTENCE
OF “FIND” BY AMUNDSEN
Gould Verifies Belief Gained on Epochal
Flight in Geological Expedition
Into Glacier Region.
BY RUSSELL OWEN. » |
By Wireless to The Star and the New York
LITTLE AMERICA, Antarctica, De- j
cember 21.—Carmen Land, which j
Amundsen saw’ to the east on his route !
to the pole, apparently does not exist. !
Comdr. Byrd came to this conclusion ,
on the first base-laying flight, when he !
flew at an altitude which enabled him ;
to see far over what should have been j
Carmen Land, and later on the polar j
flight no land appeared in this direc- j
tion except a chain of mountains run- j
ntng to the southeast and south of
“Carmen Land,” which he called the
Charles Bob Mountains.
Neither did the photographs show
Carmen Land. This confusion has now
been verified by Dr. Gould, leader of 1
Caraway Criticizes Farm
Board Chairman for Hold
ing Secret Conferences.
By the Associated Press.
Hope that the Federal Farm Board
will repudiate agreements for handling
grain reported to have been reached at
a recent conference between Alexander
Legge, Us chairman, and several grain
operators, including Julius H. Barnes,
head of President Hoover’s business ad
visory council, was expressed yesterday
in a letter to Legge from Chairman
Caraway of the Senate lobby committee.
“I truly hope the board will repudi
ate your agreements and the place and
time in which you saw fit to announce
them,” Caraway wrote. "It must do
so If It wishes to retain the confidence
of not only the farmers but all those
who earnestly sought by legislation
some means of relieving the distressed
condition of agriculture.”
Replying to a letter from the Farm
Board chairman, Caraway offered him
an opportunity to appear before the
lobby committee to explain the confer
ence. Legge had written Caraway an
explanation of the Farm Board’s policy
in advancing money to co-operative
Offers Legge Hearing.
Explaining that it was not the policy
of the lobby committee to incorporate
letters of explanation in the record un
less they were offered in open hearing,
Caraway added that Legge would be
given opportunity to put his statement
into the record in person at any time.
The letter continued:
"I cannot, however, refrain from re
plying to that part of your letter in
which you mentioned that the agree
ments that you announced at this
private meeting with Mr. Barnes and
other grain speculators in the office of
Mr. Barnes were in accordance with a
determination of the Federal Farm
Board arrived at another time, but not
! “These agreements seem to have been
| two. as you announce them to Mr.
j Barnes and the grain dealers.
“First. In accordance w’ith their de
mands you say the Farm Board, al
though expressly required so to do by
law, will refuse to lend money to the
co-operative associations that may seek
to relieve the distress of their members
by buying their grain unless they shall
pay the commercial rate of interest.
“Second. That the Farm Board will
not in future announce any policy
affecting the price of grain until and
after a consultation with those engaged
in the grain business —whether this
conference is to be public or again in
private your letter does not disclose.
Sees Surrender of Board.
“Your announcements, if they be con
curred in by the board, is a surrender
of the board to these grain people and
a disclaimer of any intention on the
part of the Farm Board of a desire to
be helpful to co-operative associations
and. as I said before, a determination
to disregard both the spirit and intent
of the law under which the board was
j "Again would it not be both wise and
i but simple justice to the farmers if the
I board had these two questions under
| consideration to have had an open
meeting in which they could have been
! heard to protest instead of you, as the
chairman of the board, going into a
private, if not secret, meeting with Mr.
Barnes, and there announcing those im
portant decisions of the board?
“Will not this method of announcing
board determinations lead every farmer
I to suspect that if the policy of the board
[ is to be determined in secret meetings
with the speculative interests that the
board is now functioning in the interest
j of the grain people and in opposition to
j Caraway’s letter, which was made
! public by the Senator, drew an imme-
I diate reply from Legge in the form of a
! public statement that every action
, taken by the board affecting co-oper
<Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
the date of his flight over the South
Pole, because I wanted it to reward the
whole of his great undertaking—the
entire expedition, and not merely the
cruise over the Pole.’’
The sheet of parchment carrying the
commission will be waiting for the new
admiral when he returns —unless ar
rangements are made to deliver it to
him. In the latter case the engraved
document would have to be sent to
New Zealand and sent along to Byrd
I on the ship that fetches him and his
■ party from Little America.
Senator Swanaon said, however, that
news of the honor went to Admiral
1 ByTd in a message from him last night
1 —by radio.
pie Jluratmi ifetf.
WITH DAILY EVENING edition
WASHINGTON. D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 22, 1929-120 PAGES. *
j the geological party, who has traveled
; about 110 miles east of Axel Heiberg
! glacier and penetrated into Mary Byrd
Land well beyond the one hundred and
I fiftieth meridian.
j “I wish to emphasize most emphatl
j eally that this is in no sense a reflection
I upon Amundsen’s observation, as his
j view from the ground must necessarily
! have been very limited and somewhat
i uncertain on account of bad visibility,
j mirages and enormous pressure ridges
I that are deceptive,” Byrd declared.
Dr. Gouds messages last night to
1 Comdr. Byrd said: "Camped at 85 de
j grees 27 minutes south and 147 de
] grees 30 minutes west longitude and
! have completely proved that Carmen
Land as given by Amundsen does not
exist. We therefore assume that we
are in Marie Byrd Land and are first
men to set foot on American soil in
the Antarctic. Tomorrow w r e shall raise
our tiny American flag with appropri
-1 < Continued on Page 2, Column 5.)
One Link Needed to Pave Way
for Indictment of Actress
for Death of Director.
By the Associated Press.
LOS ANGELES, December 21.—A
lengthy secret investigation into the
baffling murder of William Desmond
Taylor, noted motion picture director,
which has laid unsolved for seven years,
was disclosed by District Attorney Buron
Fitts today with the assertion that only
one more link is needed to have the
way to indictment of the killer.
The revelation was made after she
prosecutor had read newspaper dis
patches from San Francisco, in which
former Gov. Friend W. Richardson was
quoted as saying he possessed proof that
the slaying was committed by an
Is Sure of Indictment.
Richardson was credited with the
statement that his information came
from an ex-convict of Ftolsom Peni
tentiary, who was paroled and is be
lieved to be in Mexico. The m*n was
not named, but the assertion brought
the comment from Fitta that “I know
ail about the testimony of Clayton
Rochester. It didn’t have anything to
do with the William Desmond Taylor
Prefacing his disclosures with the
explanation that names and pertinent
clues eajinot be revealed yet, Fitts Bald’
.. .behave reconstructed the Beene of
i havc buUt U P a Perfect
°«u y i )ne P ossibl e connecting
link to be filled. Since last February
l«, ee °u my most c »Pable investigators
eif.et aearching Hollywood for
clues to the slayer, but I cannot reveal
the nature. Its discovery will bring the
ta ££ me P‘ of rcs P°nsible person.”
Fitts intimated that the last clue
At* the° e t?m ated f a countrywide search.
iIP? of the original inquiry
into the killing, the only person police
w nab *2 locate for interrogation
T«vW d «H rd i, Sands ’ valet -secretary to
Taylor, who has never been found and
su& ffiugr* r —**
Evidence Was Rejected.
Richardson was quoted as saying that
he offered his evidence to the grand
£h *? rtly a “* r the billing and
during the time when Asa Keyes was
district attorney, but that it was re
fused with the explanation that be
fore the suspect could be tried, im
portant witnesses w’ould be “spirited
away, bribed or murdered.”
Keyes, who is in Jail here pending
outcome of his appeal on his conviction
j a ?. t v- February of bribery in connection
. .i. P r °secution of the promoters
of the Julian petroleum frauds, could
not be reached for a statement at the
Miss Mabel Normand and Miss Mary
Miles Min ter were the principal
actresses questioned at the time of the
of Taylor the night of February
l, 1922. Both were exonerated.
PART ONE—36 PAGES.
General News—Local, National and
Schools and Colleges—Pages 20, 21.
Y. W. C. A. Activities—Page 34!
D. A. R. Activities—Page 35.
W. C. T. U. Activities—Page 36.
At Community Centers—Page 36.
PART TWO—B PAGES.
Editorial Section—Editorial and Edi
Notes of Art and Artists—Page 4.
Review of New Books—Page 4.
Army and Navy News—Page 7.
PART THREE—I 2 PAGES.
Clubwomen of the Nation—Page 9.
Parent-Teacher Activities—Pages 9 and
PART FOUR—I 2 PAGES.
Amusement Section—Theater, Screen
In the Motor World—Pages 5 and 6.
Aviation Activities—Page 7.
Serial Story, "This Strange Adven
News of the Clubs —Page 9.
Veterans of Great War—Page 9.
Radio News—Pages 10 and 11.
District National Guard —Page 10.
PART FIVE—4 PAGES.
Classified Advertising and Financial
District of Columbia Naval Reserves—
Organized Reserves —Page 8.
PART SEVEN—24 PAGES.
Cross-word Puzzle —Page 22.
GRAPHIC SECTION—B PAGES.
World Events in Pictures.
COLOR SECTION—B PAGES.
Moon Mullins; Mutt and Jeff; Reg'lar
Fellers; Mr. and Mrs.; Little Orphan
Annie; Betty; Somebody's Stenog;
High Lights el History.
S. WILL INSIST
ON BATTLESHIP AS
KEYSTONE OF FLEET
Stimson, However, Declares
Nation Would Accept Har
6-YEAR BUILDING HOLIDAY
ADVOCATED BY JAPANESE
1 Extension of Age Limit Also May
Be Offered as Means of
By the Associated Press.
Retention of the battleship as the
keystone of the American naval fleet
will be a policy of the American dele
gation to the London naval conference
Secretary Stimson said yesterday that
he was one of those who believed that
capital ships were still the core of a
fighting sea fleet, but that the United
States would approve a reduction in
capital ships in the event this was
agreeable to the other sea powers, Great
Britain, Japan, Prance and Italy.
Although Stimson did not go into de
tails regarding the method to attain re
duction in this category of vessels which
the United States would support, it was
the impression in official circles that
the United States would favor the
Japanese desire for a postponement of
replacements until 1936.
Japan Favors Holiday.
Former Premier Reijiro Wakatsuki,
chief Japanese delegation to the con
ference, disclosed after leaving Wash
ington where the Japanese delegates
conferred with American officials this
week, that Japan would back a pro
posal at the conference for a complete
holiday in replacements of capital ships,
as provided in the Washington arms
Another method for reduction in cap
ital ships would be by an extension of
their age-limit from 20 to 25 years and
a reduction in the tonnage limit, now
35,000 tons, as provided in the Wash
ington treaty, to 25,000 tons. This
method, however, would not have to be
considered in the event that the Japa
nese plan for a building holiday was
adopted at the conference. In that
case, no ships would have to be built
before 1936, when another conference
will meet to consider again the disarm
Commenting on the French desires to
have the work of the London confer
ence closely linked with the League of
Nations, Stimson explained that it has
been a policy of the American Govern
ment that American naval problems are
separate and distinct from the League.
He said that a reduction in the sea
forces was hoped for as a result of the
conference, In order to fulfill the pur
pose of the parley, which he described
as the elimination of international fric
tion by the halting of competition in
Action Would Be Binding.
Official circles view the possible
agreement of the London conference to
be a final one so far as the United
States is concerned. The attitude is
that a naval agreement along the lines
now planned should be taken by the
League preparatory disarmament com
mission as a settlement of this phase of
the disarmament question, with land
and sea disarmament to be considered
from that point.
The appreciation of the Japanese
delegation for the courtesy extended to
them by the United States Government
during their visit to Washington was
expressed by Mr. Wakatsuki in a tele
gram to Secretary Stimson.
"As we are about to embark for Lon
don I wish to tender our most sincere
thanks,” the telegram said, “for the
courtesy and hospitality you have ac
corded us in Washington. We appreci
ate especially having had the opportu
nity to exchange views with your excel
lency and your colleagues with open
mind and we feel that our visit to
Washington was most profitable. We
are keenly sensitive of the friendly
greetings, special attention and facilities
extended to us by officials and private
citizens of the United States throughout
our journey across the continent.
Please convey to the President on be
half of my party and myself expressions
of our gratitude and high regards. Ad
miral and Mme. Takerabe join me in
greeting and thanking you personally
and most cordially.”
- I . ■ -
EXPLOSION IN SOAP VAT
KILLS 1, INJURES 3
Second Man May Die From Blast
Which Buries 9; 5 Escape
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, December 21. —One man
is believed to have perished and three
others hurt late today in an explosion
which destroyed Hine Bros, soap factory
here, with a loss estimated by officials
at $75,000. Another was perhaps fatally
The explosion occurred in a soap vat,
and is believed to have been the result
of Ignition of accumulated gas gener
ated from chemicals used in the manu
facture of soap. It blew out the walls
of the three-story brick building and
the roof collapsed, burying nine work
men. Five escaped unhurt. Three
were taken to a hospital.
MINE UNION OFFICIAL
ON PAROLE, IS ARRESTED
National Secretary to Be Investi
gated as Result of Raid on
His Office. .
WEST FRANKFORT, 111., December
21 (A*). —Henry Corbishley, secretary of
the National Miners’ Union, was ar
rested today by Deputy Sheriff Harry
Weaver and taken to Benton to appear
before a State parole officer for investi
Corbishley has been at liberty under
$2,000 bond charged with inciting a riot
in connection with the recent strike call
Issued by the National Miners’ Union.
The office of Corbishley was recently
raided by the sheriff who said that
Communistic literature was confiscated.
Corbishley is at liberty on parole from
Chester, 111., penitentiary where he was
sent for his alleged part in a mine union
riot at Zeigler, 111., about four years
. ago in which one man was killed and
4 • <• *
*TWAS THE SUNDAY BEFORE CHRISTMAS.
CAROL SERVICES TO HERALD
CHRISTMAS IN CHURCHES
Spirit Pervades City From White House
to Missions, With Bustling Ac
tivities in Homes.
With special carol services in all the
churches heralding the approach of the
day of “Peace on earth, good will to
men,” Washington needed no reminder
today that Christmas is only three days
From the White House to the city’s
missions, wherg hundreds of poor will
receive Christmas cheer, Washington
homes were bustling with activities in
preparation of Santa Claus’ annual visit.
For President and Mrs. Hoover it will
be their first Christmas at the White
Communities in various sections of
the city will hold their own Individual
Maine Senator to Support
Representative White for
G. 0. P. Nomination.
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN
Senator Arthur R. Gould of Maine,
Republican, took himself definitely out
of the senatorial race in Maine last
He Issued a statement here saying
he would not be a candidate to suc
ceed himself. He announced further
that he would give his support to Rep
resentative Wallace H. White, jr„ for
the Republican nomination for the Sen
ate. Mr. White has already announced
he would be a candidate for the Senate.
There is promise of a real row, how
ever, among the Republicans of the
Pine Tree State before the nomination
for the Senate Is finally made. Former
Gov. Ralph O. Brewster is expected to
enter the lists. If he does, he will
make an active compaign, it Is ex
pected, and will rally to his support
many of the elements in the party
which backed him In the past.
Senator Gould’s statement follows:
"In fairness to the many friends who
are urging my candidacy for re-elec
tion to the Senate I desire to express
my appreciation for their loyalty, but
feel it is time for me definitely to state
that I shall not be a candidate.
"My experience in the political affairs
of Maine, both in the State and in
Washington, have been pleasant, inter
esting and instructive. My constituents
have done their best for me and I have
tried to do my best for them.
Asks Support for White.
"I shall miss the pleasant contacts I
have made in the Senate, but for do
mestic and business reasons I find it ex
pedient to bring my political career to
a close. In taking this action it is a
satisfaction to know that the one can
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.)
Train Rushing Over Crossing
Scatters Wreckage of Car
for 1,000 Feet.
By the Associated Press.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, December 21.
A man, woman and small child, identity
unknown, were killed here tonight when
an eastbound Big Four express train
west of the city struck their automobile
and scattered the wreckage 1,000 feet.
The bodies were picked up by the
train crew and brought into the station
here. The license plate of the automo
bile was issued to W. G. Schmunck,
Brook Park Village, west of here.
The crossing offers a clear view of the
tracks either way for nearly a mile.
There is also a warning bell.
A strong wind was blowing snow
across. The engineer said he saw no
lights until the train was almost at the
crossing. He threw on the air brakes
and a moment later he felt the Impact
and heard the wreckage splinter. Po
lice were endeavoring to Identfy the
celebrations, while the official observance
of the holiday will mark the lighting of
the national community Christmas tree
in Sherman Square before the Treas
ury Tuesday evening. President Hoover
will press the button at 6:08 o’clock and
thousands of men, women and children
will take part In the singing of carols
around the brilliantly lighted living tree.
Approximately 76,000 public school
children, foot loose since Friday, are
joining in the pre-Christmas event.
About an equal number of Federal and
District government employes have the
same reason for rejoicing, for when they
(Continued on Page 5, Column 1.)
SERIES OF PLOTS
IN MEXICO BARED
Thirty Arrested for Conspir
acy Against Life of Former
By the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY, December 21.—Of
ficial announcement was made tonight
of the discovery of several plots against
the government and national leaders, as
had been rumored in the Mexican press
for several days. Seventy persons were
under arrest on various charges.
Twenty were being held here at the
disposition of the department of the in
terior after an alleged revolutionary
plot was discovered at Tampico.
Thirty others arrested in a series of
raids in the capital were charged with
plotting against the life of former Presi
dent Plutarco Elias Calles, who recently
returned from an extended visit to
Prance and who still is regarded as a
power in the government.
Alleged Anarchists Taken.
A band of 20 men, alleged to be inter
national anarchists, was also rounded
up and the members will be deported.
It was charged that they had planned a
In the several documents seized at
Tampico were military plans of several
strategic cities and towns.
Those arrested here were said to have
sworn that each Individual would at
tempt to assassinate Gen. Calles.
Plans for a banquet of 5,000 covers at
the Calles ranch at Santa Barbara, 17
miles from Mexlfco City, tomorrow in
honor of his return there after five
months abroad were suddenly canceled
tonight. The remainder of the recep
tion ceremony will be carried out, how
ever, including the lineup of thousands
of peasants along the road between the
capital and the ranch to cheer the
general as he passes in an automobile.
Fifty Arrested in Tampico.
A few days ago Gen. Arturo Bening
nos and several other military officers
W’ere sent to Tampico to investigate a
reported plot. They closed the Vas
concelista headquarters there and ar
rested 50 persons. Twenty of these have
been brought to the capital. All ar
rested in Tampico and Mexico City in
connection with the plot were said to be
followers of Jose Vasconcelos, defeated
candidate for the presidency, who now
is in the United States. Nothing has
been made public which would link this
plot with the alleged plan to assassinate
Among the 20 anarchists arrested
here were 2 men recently expelled from
Cuba. These with others arrested cre
ated an international scandal several
months ago when they were alleged to
have trampled on a Cuban flag after a
Communist meeting here. They were
arrested after several days of investi
gation directed by Gen. Eulogio Ortiz,
chief of the federal district military
Several of the anarchists were sus
pected of plotting against the life of i
Gen. Ortiz, having followed him about
for several days in an automobile.
Among those arrested in connection
with the Calles plot were several women.
- ■ m
Authorize Wedding Stamp#.
ROME, December 21 (/PI. —The Coun
cil of Ministers, with Premier Mussolini
presiding, today approved issuance of
special postage stamps to commemo'pte
the coming wedding of Crown Prince
Humbert. These stamps will cost
slightly more than the regular issues
Rnd the surplus will be given to the
Italian Red Cross, t
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour •**
The Star Is delivered every evening and
Sunday morning to Washington homes by
The Star’s exclusive carrier service. Phone
National 3000 to start Immediate delivery.
FIVE GENTS - i
IN WASHINGTON AND SUBURBS!
WOMAN IS VICTIM
Mother of Seven Says She
Was Shot, But Assailant
Mrs. Barbara Berduas, 44, the
mother of seven children, is in Provi
dence Hospital with a wound at the
base of her brain, believed to have
been inflicted by a pistol bullet fired
at her in a mysterious attack last
night as she was on the way to buy
the week end groceries.
According to the story she told po
lice at the hospital, she left her home
at 124 Fourth street southeast to go
to the grocery store at 401 East Capi
tol street, a little more than a block
away. When she had almost reached
the store she heard hurried footsteps
behind her. She quickened her pace,
but a man behind her shot her, the
bullet striking the back of her head.
She ran to the grocery store, see ram
lng, “He shot me, he shot me I”
Collapse’s In Clerk’s Arms.
In the store she collapsed in the
arms of Louis Ruehl of 401 B street
northeast, one of the clerks. Ruehl
carried her outside and summoned a
passing motorist, Edwin Frantz of 610
Livingstone place northeast. He and
his passenger. Abell Osborne of 1938
Caivert street, took her to Providence
Mrs Berduas was treated at the hos
pital by Dr. John D. Wynkoop. The
physician said that he was uncertain
whether the wound was a bullet wound
or was caused by a blow from some
instrument. X-Ray pictures will be
made today in an effort to determine
wound was made by a bullet.
Mrs. Berduas was conscious, but suffer
ing greatly from shock.
Mrs. Berduas will be given a blood
transfusion this morning. When it was
decided last night that this must be
done, her husband, her eldest son.
Rudolph, and several friends offered
their blood. Tests were made of all,
and it was decided that, the son’s blood
was the most suitable. Accordingly the
blood will be taken from his veins.
Pocket Book Missing.
When she left her home, Mrs. Berduas
had about $4 in a pocket book. The
book and money were missing when she
arrived at the hospital, but she did not
know whether the footpad had snatched
it or not. Police of the fifth precinct
interviewed occupants of every house
between the Berduas home and the
grocery. One of them, Mrs. W. B.
Randall, of 104 Fourth street southeast,
said she heard a shot fired. Mrs.
Randall said that she was at her house
at the time, and heard two shots ring
out. She looked into the street, but
saw no commotion ajtid_saw no one
(Continued on Page 2, Column 7.)
NEW AIR ROUTE OPENED.
Passenger-Mail Service Started Be
tween Miami and Canal.
MIAMI, Fla.. December 21 (fP). —Pas-
senger air service between Miami and
the Panama Canal Zone was inaugu
rated today by Pan-American Airways,
Inc., as planes left Miami and Cristo
bal with passengers and mail.
The inagural flights are scheduled to
end Monday with arrival of the Pa
nama air limited at Cristobal from
Miami at 3:45 p.m. and the arrival
here at 4:30 p.m. of the United States
James West of New York was the
only passenger to leave Miami on to-,
day’s flight, but more were to be added
at Havana, Belize, British Honduras
and Tela, Honduras, the three sched
uled stops between Miami and the
Both planes spent tonight in Belize
after arriving there late today, Pan-
American Airways announced.
RETIRING OF OLD PAPER BILLS
TO BE SPEEDED IN NEW YEAR
Federal Banks Instructed by Treasury on Methods of
The old large size paper money will
start to disappear from circulation
more rapidly after January 2, under in
structions just sent by the Treasury De
partment to the Federal Reserve banks.
Beginning January 2, the banks are
authorized to redeem old size paper
money with the small size money in
all denominations up to $lOO, with the
exception of national bank notes, when
persons wish the smaller size.
This does not mean that ill big
money will be exchanged for ‘‘new’’
small size bills, because much of the
smaller money has been in circulation
sometime, and the public will thus re
04*) Means Associated Press.
TO TESTIFY TESTS
TRIAL BODY POWER
Police Board’s Right, to Com
pel Testimony Is Raised
in Asking Summons.
TO ESTABLISH CONTEMPT
Foreman of McPherson Grand Jury
Resents Attack on Him Made
Power of a police trial board to force
a witness to testify will be given Its
first real test tomorrow when steps are
taken to compel Merritt O. Chance,
foreman of the July grand jury, to
complete his testimony before the spe
cial board sifting charges of bungling
the McPherson case investigation
brought against Police Inspector Wil
liam S. Shelby and Lieut. Edward J.
Chance, who testified Friday, was re
called for cross-examination yesterday,
but flatly refused to give further testi
mony on the ground that the trial
board had taken testimony from the
United States attorney’s office which he
considered had no bearing on the case.
' Assistant United States Attorney Wal
ter Shea, who followed Chance on the
k witness stand Friday, described him
while foreman of the grand jury as "a
mental misfit, drunk with temporary
Action Is Without Precedent.
The action contemplated Is without
A police trial board, as now con
stituted, has no judicial power and can
not Itself force a witness to testify. It
! functions primarily as a board of in
; quiry and its authority Is restricted to
- disciplinary measures. The board, how
! ever, has the power to Issue summons
1 and cite matters to the Police Court.
' In cases where the summons is ignored,
r the court Is notified and it determines
the course of action.
. According to Robert E. Lynch, ns
i slstant corporation counsel, who, with
. Walter L. Fowler, another assistant
: corporation counsel, is prosecuting the
L Shelby-Kelly case, the procedure
i planned Is to invite the attention of the
, Police Court to Chance’s refusal to
> complete his testimony before the ex
, traordinary trial board, and suggest
. that a summons be issued for him to
appear before that court. Failure to
answer a summons would result In the
Issuance of an attachment. Irrespective
i of the procedure required to bring
Chance into court. It Is proposed by the
! prosecution to request that he be di
rected to appear before the trial board
1 to resume his testimony. Should he
1 decline to testify then, Lynch said, the
! court, In Its discretion, could hold him
1 in contempt.
Maj. Layson E. Atkins, chairman of
1 the trial board, regards Chance’s tes
' tlmony as of vital importance, since lie
i was foreman of the grand Jury whlcn
I excoriated Shelbv and Kelly, and de
■ dared last night that every legal wea
! pon available would be resorted to
■ in an effort to compel him to reappear
■ for cross-examination.
Heavrln Case Different.
I Mr. and Mrs. Roy Heavrln, two other
t prosecution witnesses, also defied the
: trial board and refused to testify when
brought before It on an attachment Is
sued by Police Court, but Maj. Atkins
said their testimony was not considered
of sufficient Importance to warrant fur
ther action. The trial board chairman
explained that the procedure followed
by the board in forcing these two wit
nesses to appear is different from that
contemplated in the case of Chance.
Mr. and Mrs. Heavrln, Maj. Atkins
pointed out, failed to respond to a sum
mons of the board and the attachment
was issued for their appearance. In
declining to testify they were not In
contempt of court, he said, since they
were not directed to testify. In the case
of Chance, however. It Is proposed to
ask the court to specifically direct that
he complete his testimony.
Maj. Atkins, Lynch and Fowler went
to Police Court yesterday afternoon fol
lowing adjournment of the trial board
to have Chance cited before the court
tomorrow morning, but were too late,
as the court was not in session. Chance
aad previously indicated that he planned
to go away for the Christmas holidays.
The trial board will convene at 10
o’clock tomorrow morning, solely for
(Continued on Page 2, Column 3.)
“One-Shot” Typhoid Vaccination
by Cuban Army Surgeons Success.
HAVANA, December 31 (/P). —A "one*
shot” method of vaccination against
typhoid fever, recently discovered by
surgeons and bacteriologists of the
Cuban army, was pronounced a success
today by an examining board of the de
partment of army and navy.
A report Issued by the department
said that up to the present injection
experiments have been 92 per cent ef
fective. The old three-dose Injection
system Is to be discarded under plans of
the department, which claims that not
one case of typhoid has been found
among 17,000 soldiers treated with the
ceive some worn small size bills in ex
change for larger bills.
The new order from the Treasury
follows one Issued sometime ago
authorizing the banks to pay out the
little one-dollar bills whenever they
were desired by the public. It means
that the bulk of big paper money In
circulation Is now redeemable for small,
and the program of retiring the old
currency is proceeding at a faster pace
The exchange of national bank notes
is a slower process, and It Is expected
to take some time longer to replace
all of this kind of paper money with
I TEN CENTS
ELSEWHERE * ’
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