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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 22, 1929, Image 10

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Prohibition Included in Pro
gram of Sociological Society
Sessions Here.
Social questions of the day, including
prohibition enforcement, share with
technical subject the program of the
American Sociological Society, which
trill open its annual nreting here De
cember 27. The society has as mem
bers the deans and leading professors
of departments of sociology in colleges,
h*ads of organizations engaged in wel
fare work and social investigators and
writers. William Ogbum of the Uni
versity of Chicago is president.
Prohibition is to be taken up at a
luncheon meeting held on December
28 jointly with the American Statis
tical Association. John G. Gebhart, a
writer on social subjects and a iormer
director of charities, who is now cirec
tor of research for the Association
Against the Prohibition Amendment,
will read a paper on enforcement and
its social effects. Engaging ;n the dis
cussion will be Prof. Irving Fisher, the
Yale economist, who recently brought
out a book »n defense of the amend
ment, and Prof. Herman Feldman of
Dartmouth College. Prof. Robert E.
Chaddock of Columbia University will
preside at the luncheon.
Topics Are Announced.
The sociologists have their head
quarters at the Hotel Willard, where
most of the meetings will be held. The
Chinese-foreign conflict. newspaper
treatment of the relations between
oriental and white races, a study of
the amount of foreign news carried in
the American press, police problems in
th’ light of modern science and the
part that city life plays in juvenile
delinquency >r; topics for the open
ing session.
Religion comes in for discussion on
th- morning of the second day of the
meeting, opening with a paper on
“Manna. Magic and Animism in Mod
ern Religion.” Topics of less general
Interest are “Experimentation in Face
to-Face Interaction,” the "Uses and
Limitations of Behavorism in Sociology”
and "Individual Implications of the
Family Pattern.”
Joint Meeting Scheduled.
A joint meeting of the sociologists
with the delegates of the American
Economic and the American Statistical
Association will be held in the evening
In the Washington Hotel, with Secre
tary of the Interior Wilbur presiding.
Following the meeting, addressed by the
presidents of each society, a smoker
will be given by the local universities in
the Spanish garden of the hotel. Ar
rangements for the convention and for
entertainment of the delegates are in
the hands of a local committee, of
which Elwood Street, director of the
Community Chest, Is chairman.
Other members are: Prof. Earl S.
Bellman, University of Maryland; Dr.
Hugh S. Carter, committee on medical
care; Dr. John M. Cooper. Catholic Uni
versity; Hildegarde Kneeland. Federal
______ I
KAHN on 7th St.
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What Do You Know About Washington?
I National Capital Has More Than Average Number of Well
to-Do In Its Population.
Approximately 40.000 people
in Washington have Incomes
high enough to compel them to
file income tax returns. This
is about 7’i per cent of the
j total population, as estimated by the
I Federal Census Bureau. It amounts to
one income tax return filer for every
! 13 men, women and children in Wash
i ington, or about one in every three
r ! families.
: In the whole United States only 1
i person in every 30 had an Income high
. enough to compel a Federal income tax
return. Hence, if people who have to
file income tax returns may be con
sidered well-to-do. Washington has over
100 per cent more well-to-do among its
, inhabitants than the United States as a
, whole.
These are some of the findings from
the official figures on income tax re
turns. just collected and compiled for
a recent yean
More Wealth in Washington.
If you work and live in Washington,
you have a better chance of having an
income of the well-to-do level than the
average citizen in cities of about the
same size.
In the 10 cities nearest Washington
in population, five larger and five
smaller, three filed more income tax
returns than Washington, one about the
same and six had fewer income tax
Os these 10 cities, only 2 had more
income tax payers per capita than
Washington and 8 had fewer. For
the whole group of 10 cities there was
1 peison who had to file an income
tax for every 17 people as against 1
for every 13 in Washington.
As compared with certain other cities
in the same section of the country. 7*2
per cent of Washington’s population
filed Federal income tax returns, as
against 5 per cent in Baltimore, 5 per
cent in Philadelphia, ,4% per cent in
Richmond and 3' 4 per'cent in Norfolk.
Os the total population, 8.8 per cent
filed income tax returns in New York
City, as compared with 7.8 per cent in
Chicago. Both were eclipsed by Pitts
burgh with 9.2 per cent, although the
largest proportion among the largest
cities of the country was from San
Francisco, with 11.1 per cent. In Wash
ington 7.5 per cent of the inhabitants
I filed returns; in Detroit, 7.2 per cent;
in Cleveland, 4 per cent.
Many Poor in Los Angeles.
The picture of Los Angeles as pri
marily the playground of the wealthy
retired classes is somewhat disproved
by the figures. If we estimate its pres
ent population at 1.000,000, which is
about half way between its last census
figures and the figure held to by its
most ardent boosters, it is seen that
only 8.6 per cent of the population in
Los Angeles, or one in every 12 persons,
had an income high enough to file a
return with the Government.
The figures published by the Govern
ment show that about 40 per cent of
Bureau of Home Economics; Prof. Dud
ley W. Willard, George Washington
University; Maj. Donald Armstrong;
Lisle Burroughs. Community Chest;
Rev. Dr. John O'Grady, Catholic Chari
ties; James L. Fieser, vice chairman,
American Red Cross.
the incomes of those with more than
SIOO,OOO a year comes from dividends
and from 15 per cent to 45 per cent
from capital net gains, with only from
3 per cent to 13 r 2 per cent from wages
and salaries.
Os those with incomes between $5,000
and SIO,OOO a year, 42 per cent of the
income from wages and salaries, per
cent from partnerships, 19 per cent
from business profits and only 10 per
cent from dividends.
As far as success in business is con
cerned. about 1 in every 30 engaged
in professional service (law 1 , medicine,
engineering, etc., filed an income tax
return, 1 in 30 engaged in trade, 1
in 900 engaged in manufacturing estab
lishments, 1 in 800 engaged in trans
portation and 1 in every 700 farmers.
(Copyriftht, 1929.)
Work on Two Plays for Community
Drama Tournament.
The Masks, dramatic organization of
alumnae of Central High School, are
working on two one-act plays. One of
these will be selected at the next
meeting of the group and entered in
the Community Drama Guild one-act
play tournament in January.
The cast in one of the plays consists
of Sue Shorter, Dorothea Lewis, Rob
ert Miller, jr., and Arthur Westover.
The first three of this group are all
officers in the Masks.
The second play’s cast includes Olga
Helms, Virginia Higgles, Mary Arm
strong and Benjamin Doehrer.
UlO G E511879
Chicago District Engineer Is Re-!
lieved Other Transfers An
nounced by War Department.
Lieut. Col. William C. Weeks, Corps
of Engineers, district engineer of the
first Chicago district, has been relieved
from duty at headquarters. 6th Corps
Area, and assigned to additional duty
with Organized Reserves of that dis
trict; Maj. E. S. Irvine, Corps of En
gineers, at Chicago, has been assigned
to duty at headquarters, 6th Corps Area,
and also with Organized Reserves; Maj.
Alfred L. Rockwood, Chemical Warfare
Free Perking Space for Our Customers Opposite Bth Street EntrancelZ^t^'Z^f^&^f^S&S^
I Late Christmas Shoppers Will Find Many 1
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| Tlxe Gift that Keeps on Givinqi:
\ No Interest or Extras Added to Our Budget Plan—We Do Not Penalize Our ft
\ Clearance of Chairs $4 Sewing Slashing Reductions to Close Out I*
All Standi {
j 4 Great Gift Opportunity! Smokers Stands, formerly $3.98; nov/.51.95 is
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Accounts Invited—No Interest or Extras—We Do Not Penalize Our Friends
I Service at San Francisco, has been or
| dered to this city for duty at the War
■ Department; Maj. Maurice B- Willett,
Chemical Warfare Service, of the War
; Department general staff, has been or
! dered to the arsenal at Edgewood, Md.;
Maj. Russell L. Maxwell. Ordnance De
partment, at Fort Bliss, Tex., to this
city for duty in the Ordnance Bureau,
Munitions Building; Maj. John E. Mort,
Field Artillery, on duty at Tampa with
the National Guard of Florida, to the
Philippines, effective next May; First
Lieut, Thomas A. Roberts. jr„ Field Ar
tillery, at Fort Myer. Va.. to the 18th
Field Artillery at Fort Riley. Kans.
Maj. Alfred E. Larabee, Signal Corps,
at St. Helens, Oreg.. has been placed on
the retired list because of disability in
cident to the service.
Master Sergt. Daniel McElin, En
gineer School detachment at the Army
War College, and Sergt. William E. Da- !
vis. 24th Infantry, at Fort Benning. Ga ,!
have been placed on the Army retired j
list, each on his own application, after i
more than 30 years' active military
— 9
Apples in a Slot Machine.
Through the States of Oregon and ;
; Washington, where fine apples are
: grown in profusion, the fruit is dis
tributed. among other w r ays, through ]
i the operation of slot machines. A square j
panel-shaped box with a glass cover
stands upright upon an easel. Inside
are four rows of shiny red apples, one
of which is released by the insertion of
the nickel. The apples are choice and
their tempting appearance wins many
Assumes Ambassadorship to Japan
During London Parley.
Assistant Secretary William R. Cas- ;
tie. State Department, has arranged to i
! sail from San Francisco December 30
for Tokio to assume his duties as United
States Ambassador to Japan and As
j sistant Secretary Nelson T. Johnson of
; the same department will sail from
i San Francisco January 11 for China to
take charge of the United States lega
tion at Peiping.
Mr. Castle fills the vacancy in the
Japanese mission caused by the recent
resignation of Ambassador Charles
MacVeagh. but is hot expected to serve '
in that capacity more than a few weeks
beyond the termination of the Naval
Conference in London in January.
The Assistant Secretaryship he now
vacates will be held open for his reiit
stalement unless in the meantime it
should be deemed best for him to re
main in Japan or to appoint him am
bassador to some other nation where his
services may be more needed. The office
of Assistant Secretary, vacated perma
nently by Mr. Johnson's practically per
manent appointment to the Chinese
mission, will be filled early In Jann«~
John V. A. MacMnr*?, /urmer Minister
to China, who resigned recently to ac
cept a professorship in Johns Hopkins
University, arrived here this afternoon
and will spend next week in conferences
with Secretary Stimson and Assistant
Secretary Johnson regarding conditions
in China.

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