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PRESIDENT SIGNS ' COURT HOUSE BILL Supreme Tribunal to Have Own Building for First Time in 130 Years. f BY WILL P. KENNEDY. President Hoover yesterday signed the MU authorizing the expenditure of 99.746.0<M for erection of a Supreme Court building on a site already ac quired. at a cost of approximately g1.7M.000, just north of the Library of Congress. Between First and Second and East Capitol streets and Maryland avenue northeast, which had been rushed through both houses of Con gress. This is to he one of the impressive new buildings in the Capitol group. It wIU. for the first time in its history of nearly ISO years, dignify the most sol emnly deliberative body in the world — the Supreme Court of the United States, one of the three co-Ordlnate branches of Government, oftentimes called “the balance wheel of Government"—with a | permanent home of its own. For the last 12# years of its existence the Supreme Court has occupied a por tion Os the Capitol Building. The court followed the removal to Washington of the legislative and executive branches of the Government. The attempt to furnish accommodation for the Supreme Court in the Cipltol Building, of which only the Senate wing had been erected, resulted In the selection of a room on the east side of the main floor, pre viously occupied by the Senate clerk, Which is now the room of the marshal df the Supreme Court. The court first convened there on February 4. 1801, John Marshall of Virginia being admin istered the oath as Chief Justice. At that time the city of Washington had lM brick and 263 frame houses. The population was about 3,000. whereas now it is well above 800.000. There were but 128 members of the House, Whereas today there are 435. A year After the coming of the Supreme Court there were but 126 Federal employees in the city. Senile Chamber Divided. The Senate had been meeting in a room on the basement floor which was two stories high. Latrobe, then archi tect of the Capitol, divided this space Into two rooms, one above the other. The lower room is now occupied by the lAW library of the Supreme Court. The upper room was occupied as the Senate Chamber until the present chamber was reedy for occupancy. For a time, while the remodeling work Wis in progress, the court met in what ii now the office of the clerk of the COurt ifld Continued there until the room which Is now the law library was •$L the Capitol was burned by the British, on August 24, 1814, it was nec essary to find other quarters for the Congress, which held its first subse quent session in Blodgett’s Hotel, on E street between Seventh and Eighth streets northwest. Upon completion of the present Sen ate wing or the Capitol and the removal of the Senate to its present chamber, the Supreme Court took possession, in 1860, of the more comfortable quarters vacated by the Senate. This has been the permanent court room since that date, and In only one Instance have the sittings of the court been disturbed. That was due to the explosion and Are on November 6. 1898, when a gas ex plosion occurred in that portion of the Capitol, resulting in such damage to the court room that the sessions of the court were held In the Senate commit ted roodt of thd District of Columbia, <pd in the Senate committee room of tha judiciary, until the necessary re ikef** rm he»n completed. Seven Chief Justices. During the 128 years of the occu- Bucy df the court in the Capitol there ve been seven Chief Justices presid ing—John Marshall. Ro*<«r Brooke Tandy, Salmon Portland Chase. Morri son R. Wilte. Melville W. Fuller. Ed ward Douglas White and William How ard Taft. The site to be occupied by the new Supreme Court Building Is also his toric. Following the burning of the Capitol ©n August 24, 1814, a building was erected on the corner of First street and Maryland avenue northeast, in which the first session of the Fourteenth Con gress was held. This building was erected for the use of the Congress and its occupancy by Congress continued until the Capitol had been restored, in 1 1819. the first meeting of the Congress In the restored building being on De cember 6, 1819, the first session of the Sixteenth Congress. Following the departure of Congress from its temporary home, the building, known as the "brick Capitol,” seems to have been used as a boarding and room ing house unto the period of the Civil War, when It was again taken under Government control and used as a mili tary prison for the temporary confine ment of those whose political actions seemed hostile to the Government. Dur ing this period It was known as the Old Capitol Prison. After the Civil War the building reverted to private occu pancy, and at one time was occupied as a residence by people of distinction, the ©ecupant of one of the dwellings being a justice of the Supreme Court. For many years this historic building haS been owned and occupied as the headquarters of the National Woman’s Will Face Capitol. The Supreme Court Building is to face the Capitol. It is to be 385 feet east and west by 304 feet north and south. A terrace will surround the building and make a setting for it. The exterior design is of the classic type, Corinthian style, in harmony with the Capitol and well suited to the character of the new structure. The central section of the building, in which will be located the Supreme Court and the main corridor leading to it will rise to a considerable height above those parts to which are assigned the offices and lesser functions of the structure, thus symbolizing the relative importance of Its several parts. The central portion is to be four stories high above the terrace on the east front, three stories on the west front. The east stories are to be lover In height so that the floor line will be continuous. The plan naturally divides into four main requirements, each closely related to the other, viz: The court room, the justices' rooms, the offices and the library. In addition to these there are to be conference rooms, rooms for law yers and rooms for general uses. The main floor of the building is to be one story above the terrace. The easterly section of the building on the main floor is assigned to the Supreme Court room, the conference room, the robing room and the chambers of the Chief Justice and of the associate Jus tices. The westerly section of the main floor is assigned to the rooms for the Attorney General, the Solicitor General, the clerk of the Supreme Court, the marshal and for the use of lawyers doing business with the court and for the press and telegraph accommodations. Sapreme Court Room Impressive. The Supreme Court room is placed on the main axis of the plan. It is designed to be a room of Impressive proportions and monumental style. It will be about 64 feet square and about 30 feet from floor to celling. The floor area will be about 60 per cent larger than the present Supreme Court room It will be lighted by windows on both sides opening betwen the colonades to the courtyards, as well as by artificial light. This natural lighting is so placed that it will give a cross lighting nbt facing either the Justices or the liwyerS in the court. The rooms for the Justices, the court /. Officials, and the lawyers are to be SURVIVING MEMBERS OF CARNEGIE YACHT EXPLOSION Ii K f f;' * >_. • 3 • -J&, : L.» i.. a- **** JHHkSIh ItTT.I .1. miJi -..V.*. n,,,,,,.,...- Survivors of the yacht Carnegie, which burned In Apia, Western Samoa, November 29, as they arrived in San Fran cisco. The Carnegie was on a three-year scientific cruise. Standing: S. E. Forbush, Cleveland; H. Olsen, San Francisco; W. E. Scott, Washington; J. Aspiasu, Chili; J. Oyarto, San Francisco; S. L. Seaton. Washington, and H. Jentoff, Washing ton. Front row; J. E. Unander. New York; Dr. 3. H. Faol , Washington; F. M. Soule. Washington; A. Erickson. New York, and H. W. Graham, Pittsburgh. Soule, Paul, Forbush, Graham and Scott were nembers of the Carnegie’s scientific staff, the others were officers and members of the crew of the vessel. —Associated Press Photo. BANQUET TICKET SALE IS HEAVY Board of Trade Entertain ment Will Depict Life on Moulin Rouge. Arrangements are progressing for the Midwinter dinner of the Washington Board of Trade February 2 In the Wil lard Hotel. Almost 500 tickets for the annual play night of the business men have been sold, leaving only half that number to be taken before the limit is reached. The entertainment “Inside the Red Mill” will represent life on the Moulin Rouge of Paris, with special attention to scenic effects. Red Mill Forms Stage. In the banquet chamber will be a stage in the form of a red mill, A model of this has been completed and the contract for Its construction let. The dinner menu also has been decided upon. Next week Jerome Barnard, general chairman, and Fred East, chairman of the entertainment committee, plan to go to New York to discuss with the atrical producers plans for the evening. All the entertainers will be profession als from New York and Philadelphia. Monroe Silver of New York, master of ceremonies at the dinner last year, again has been engaged. A feature of the annual banquet is that speeches are prohibited, even though nationally prominent guests be present, as is often the case. Personnel of Committee. The personnel of the dinner com mittee follows: Jerome F. Barnard, chairman; W. C. Witts, vice chairman; Fred M. Bradley, second vice chair man; A. K. Shipe, secretary; T. Brooke Amiss, Charles A. Appleby, James R. Arnold, John T. Bardroff, Inspector T. E. Bean, Percy C. Brady, W. E. Bralth waite, E. C. Brandenburg, Elmore T. Burdette, James W. Burch, Joseph A. Burkart, Thomas A. Cantwell. Herman F. Carl, Benjamin Carow, Arthur Carr, Oliver T. Carr, John M. Cherry, F. George Clendaniel, C. W. Clever, E. F. ColladeF, Robert J. Cottrell, F. E. Cun ningham. J. Harry Cunningham, John H. Davidson, Harry Dean, Thomas L. Eagan, Fred East, James B. Edmunds, William R. Ellis, George A. Emmons, Edwin E. Etz, W. W. Everett, George B. Farquhar, Raymond M. Floranee. Lloyd F. Gaines, W. Herbert Gill, E. C. Graham, G. V. Graham, Harry j Grove, Paul F. Grove, Inspector W. H. Harrison. Harry H. R. Helwig, Charles H. Jerman, Stephen E. Kramer, William H. Lanham. Robert E. Lee, Luther W. Linkins, J. Stanley Long. Joseph C. Me- Garraghv, C. Hayward Marshall, George Miller, C. W. Morris, Edgar Mor ris. E. J. Murphy. George W. Offutt. J. Mitehell Owens, George Plitt, W. MeK. Poole. William E. Rabenhorst. William F. Raymond. W. E. Reed, Wallace B. Robinson, John Saul, J. A. L. Sayer, John O. Scharf, Milton F. Schwab, Richard P. Schulze. Georg* C. Shinn, Fred A. Smith. Odell S. Smith, Ross H. Snyder, O. E. Stringer. Frank R. Strunk, E. C. Thomas, wilmol W. Trew, George V. Triplett, Paul Ward, C. J. Waters, W. H. Waters, Ben T. Webster, John F. Webster, Fred J. White, Harry P. White. Lawrence E. Williams, Au gustus Willige, William E. Wise. - SKIPPER EXONERATED IN BURNING OF SHIP By the Associated Pres*. SEATTLE. December 21. —United States steamboat inspectors today ex onerated Capt. Eric Strandquist of the steamer Skagway of all blame in con nection with beaching and burning of his vessel near Cape Flattery, Wash., last Monday. Capt. Strandquist ran his boat onto the rocky shore when a fire broke out In the Skagway’s hold. His cargo in cluded gasoline and alcohol. Accusations by subordinate officers that the captain ignored counsel of his officers and crew and headed for the rocks after being told he could reach Neah Bay, 3 miles away, were held groundless. The crew of the Skagway was re moved to safety soon after the vessel was beached. GIRL ANSWERS SUIT. Sculptor’s Gifts Overrated, Says Sunday School Teacher. LOS ANGEIES. December 21 (#).— Laura Lanphause.. 21. a Sunday school teacher, defendant In a $2,000 suit brought by Leon Bayard, known as Count de Volo, sculptor, answered the suit today In three lines. She denied all of the count's allegations. The count, said to be the only male heir to the estates of Pierre Terrail Seignaur de Bayard and son of Countess Anna Monserato Bayard de Volo, third cousin of Italy’s King and lady in wait ing to the Queen, set forth in his com plaint that the girl, 20 years his junior, jilted him. He asks for the return of gifts which he said were heirlooms, or of $2,000 cash. Miss Langhauser in an interview said all he gave her was worth less than S3OO and that he gave the presents as payments for work In his studio. grouped around four courtyards, each courtyard being about 64 feet square. The plan is so arranged that any justice may pass from his own cham bers to those of the other Justices, for : conference, or to the court room, to conference room or to the library with out passing through the public corri ; dors. He may enter of leave the build* i lng In the same manner. THE SUNDAY STAR, WASHINGTON, P. C„ DECEMBER 22. 1929—PART ONE, Blind Senator Asks Government Bureau To Help Sightless Establishment of a new bureau in the Department of Labor, to be devoted to the welfare of blind persons throughout the United States, was proposed In a bill introduced In the Senate yes terday and referred to the com mittee on education and labor for report. Senator Schall, Repub lican. of Minnesota, author of the bill, Is blind. One of the ways in which the bill proposes to help those who have lost the use of sight is to authorise the new bureau to issue licenses to place stands in Federal buildings, to be operated by persons suffering from blind ness or with seriously defective vision. The bureau also would co-operate with organizations and associations in placing similar stands in State, county and municipal buildings throughout the country. In issuing licenses for such stands in Federal buildings the bureau would give preference to ex-service men and to residents of the State, territory or District of Columbia, in which the stand is to be located. The bureau would be headed by a director, with an assistant di rector and such other personnel as would be needed. BERG SEEKS 21,(M0 VOTES Nationalist Victory Against Young Plan in Germany Tomorrow in Doubt. By the Associated Press BERLIN, December 21.—Alfred Hu genberg and his followers in the Na tionalist party, who at great expense of effort mustered a little over 4.000,000 votes on October 30, for the anti-Young plan plebiscite, will tomorrow face the tremendous task of persuading nearly 21,000,000 German electors to vote in favor of the anti-Young plan law. The law was decisively defeated in the Reichstag recently, but as it had been approved by more than a tenth of the electorate at the time of the plebi scite a country-wide referendum had to be held. There has been very little to indicate that the German people are anxious to approve a measure that would punish as traitors the officials of the govern ment who had had anything to do with ! approving the Young play, from Presi dent Von Hindenburg down. Even the greatest optimists in the Hugenberg group do not expect a vic tory, and the chief Interest of observers in tomorrow’s referendum is in seeing whether the split within the Nationalist ranks will prevent Hugenberg from ral lying even 4,000,000 votes at the polls. To make the referendum a law nearly 21,000,000 votes are necessary. A special polling booth has been in stalled In a restaurant close to the Reichstag Building to enable the Na tionalist members to vote early. Many of them planned to register Immediately after the stroke 'of midnight. BRIGHTEST COMET KNOWN DISCOVERED AT HARVARD Addition to Astronomical Xnowl •dge Made by Polish Scientist. By the Associated Press. CAMBRIDGE, Mass., December 21 —The Harvard College Observatory today announced receipt of a report on the discovery on December 20 of the brightest comet found by astronomers this year. The discovery was made by Wilk of Cracow, Poland. The comet was 8 degrees west of the bright star Vega in the Constellation of Hercules. It can be seen In the western sky Just after sundown and in the east ern sky before sunrise. BROADCAST SERIES ENDS. WGY Puts Program on Short Wave for Australia and New Zealand. SCHENECTADY, N. Y„ December 21 </P). —WGY. the General Electric radio station here, early today broadcast a special program over a short-wave length from W2AF, the company’s ex perimental station for Australia and New Zealand. It was the last of a se ries of special broadcasts from 6 to 7 a.m., which was started November 1. At Schenectady the program was broadcast at the beginning of the shortest day in the year, while listeners in the other hemisphere received the program at the close of the longest day irt their year. BOATS WEATHER-BOUND. Three Reach Port, Three on Way, Three Voluntarily Anchor. CHARLEVOIX, Mich., December 21 (/P). —Three fishing tugs which have been weather-bound In the lee of Fox Island for a week reached this port late yesterday and reported that three others were on their way and should arrive during the night. Three addi tional boats were reported not to have attempted the trip with yesterday’s ' weather moderation. Those left behind 1 were said to be well provided with food, but all the craft contended with a short age Os fuel. Coast Guardsmen had pre pared to aearch for the boats today if i they had not reported. BLACK CONDEMNS PARTY COMMITTEE m.» - ■ -■■■ ■» % Alabama Senator Challenges Action in Barring Anti-Smith Voters as Candidates. The recent action of the Alabama Democratic executive committee, which voted to deny to persons who opposed or voted against the Smith-Robinson Democratic ticket in 1928 the right to Be candidates for nomination to office in the Democratic primary next year, was challenged yesterday by Senator Hugo Black. Democrat, of Alabama. Senator Black contended that the exec utive committee has exceeded its au thority. The object of the committee was to exclude from the Democratic primary Senator "Tom” Heflin, who comes up for renomination and re-election next year, and such would be the effect of its decision if the decision is allowed to stand. * Senator Black’s Comment. Senator Black said: "A study of the resolution adopted by the Alabama State Democratic commit tee convinces me that the majority has acted in contravention of existing laws and statutes. • The committee, in my judgment, has no legal authority to adopt one rule of qualifications for voters in the primary and another rule of qualifications for candidates in that primary. "The rule must be uniform with ref erence to both. The law does not con template a specially privileged class to run for office, and a subordinate class who can vote, but not hold office. Cit izenship carries with it the right of an elector to vote and hold office. An at tempt to abridge the sacred rights of citizenship is fundamentally un-Amer ican. If a citizen is barred as a candi date for political office as a party pun ishment, he must be barred as a voter. If barred as a voter, he must be barred as a candidate." Sees Thousands finder Ban. After citing the Alabama law, Sena tor Black continued: "The committee did not wish to bar as voters those who failed to vote for Qov. Smith. It is clear, however, that they have barred thousands as voters if they have barred them as candidates. The courts should not be called upon to settle a question upon which there can be no reasonable grounds for disagree ment. It Is a situation which calls for the best thought and action of all Democrats who respect the ancient rights of citizenship and who love the traditions and principles of the Demo cratic party. Democrats Perturbed, Ever since the executive committee acted in this matter, Alabama Demo crats have been exercised over the prob able result. It has been expected that Senator Heflin would run as an inde pendent candidate, with a gubernatorial and other candidates for office running on a similar ticket with him. Under such conditions the Democratic party in the State would be tom wide open, with the issues of 1928 revived Instead of approaching harmony. CHICAGO U. LOSES FAMOUS PHYSICIST Prof. Michelson Gives 111 Health as Cause for Resignation, Effec tive in June, 1930. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, December 21. Prof. Albert A. Michelson, world-famous physicist, who observed his 77th birth day Thursday, has resigned as head of the physics department of the University of Chicago. Saying he was forbidden by 111 health to continue his official post at the university, the famous scientist asked to be relieved from duty at the end of the school year, in June, 1930. His action came unexpectedly and was not disclosed until the board of trustees announced the acceptance of the res ignation last night. With Mrs. Michelson, the scientist will finish his recuperation In Bermuda from a recent serious illness. Be fore Spring, however. Prof. Michelson plans to go to California to continue experiments calculated to determine more minutely the speed of light. "And after that Is completed, maybe I’ll take life easy. Maybe I’ll begin to think about retiring,” said the man who has devoted 84 year* in scientific research. TREASURER CHAMBERLAIN OF NEW HAMPSHIRE DEAD Former Rail Man in Three States Had Been Mayor and City Clerk of Concord. By the Associated Press. CONCORD, N. H., December 21 State Treasurer Henry E. Chamberlain, 75, died at his home here this after noon. He was a native of Newbury, Vt., and has been State treasurer since 1925’. He was mayor of Concord and pre viously served as city clerk. Before entering politics, Mr. Chamber lain. engaged in the street railway busi ness He was superintendent of the Concord Street Railways for many years and had also been connected with roads in Texas and Indiana. • With their wrlats tied together, Jo seph Carruthers, 23, and Mollie Cowan. 18, were recently found drowned in Barf Quarry Pond, near Workington, Eng , land. CO-ED SERIOUSLY ILL. Blame Box Lunches for Ptomaine Poisoning of Train Group. SPRINGFIELD. HI.. December 21 (JP). Ptomaine poisoning which affected 36 girl students on their way home from Christmas vacation was blamed yester day for the serious condition of Virginia Mandler of Bloomington. The Girls, all students of Btevens El Come to MARX H gm OIVE 0\ Tf!7 JEWELRY J4i I.»J THE LASTING *“*%£'•*« I Men s Onyx r * n ** __ mmm moamm Guaranteed movement, In d,.tjnct,ve design. 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Pay Next Year! || . ~ I Pay Next Year mrn B Week Year I S One large two I \ R are H SOc a pesrl-on^^ *° S _ I Gift Suggestions f A Gift Suggestions for Him MV for Her Diamond Rings... .$25.00 un : TB7 Y 6T_jBSS Scarf Pin. 2.50 up | fj Diamond Rings... .$lO.OO up Strap Watches.... f.7S U p i 1 " To,Ut S * u ».75 up Cuff Links 2.50 up Vanities 1.75 up Cigarette Lighters. 1.75 up #Vl *** .Fancy Set Rings.. 7.50 up Cigarette Cases.... 1.50 up fOH ftflAV Xh ISM m#Wf Diamond Bar Pins. 15.00 up College at Columbia, Mo., were on • train taking them to their homes for the holidays and they had all eaten box lunches given them in Columbia. When they arrived here Thursday, they were so ill the train was held while they received medical treatment. Miss Mandler and Adaline Rocke, also of Bloomington, were taken to a hospi tal. Miss Rocke had recovered yester day. TUITION TO BE RAISED. Leland Stanford Plan Would Maintain Faculty Pansiona. PALO ALTO. Calif., December 21 UP). —Leland Stanford University will in crease its tuition fees from SBS to SIOO a quarter next October 1 as a means of maintaining its faculty retirement pen sions. Students now registered, how ever, will continue on the old basis until 1933. The announcement of the change to day said the SBS now paid goes toward faculty salaries and that the sls in crease would be applied to the penXOft fund. The enrollment exceeds 4.500 at present. — . ——. Radio telephone service between the Netherlands and the Dutch Cast Indies is being established.