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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 22, 1929, Image 18

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Supreme Tribunal to Have
Own Building for First
Time in 130 Years.
President Hoover yesterday signed the
MU authorizing the expenditure of
99.746.0<M for erection of a Supreme
Court building on a site already ac
quired. at a cost of approximately
g1.7M.000, just north of the Library of
Congress. Between First and Second and
East Capitol streets and Maryland
avenue northeast, which had been
rushed through both houses of Con
This is to he one of the impressive
new buildings in the Capitol group. It
wIU. for the first time in its history of
nearly ISO years, dignify the most sol
emnly deliberative body in the world —
the Supreme Court of the United States,
one of the three co-Ordlnate branches
of Government, oftentimes called “the
balance wheel of Government"—with a |
permanent home of its own.
For the last 12# years of its existence
the Supreme Court has occupied a por
tion Os the Capitol Building. The court
followed the removal to Washington of
the legislative and executive branches
of the Government. The attempt to
furnish accommodation for the Supreme
Court in the Cipltol Building, of which
only the Senate wing had been erected,
resulted In the selection of a room on
the east side of the main floor, pre
viously occupied by the Senate clerk,
Which is now the room of the marshal
df the Supreme Court. The court first
convened there on February 4. 1801,
John Marshall of Virginia being admin
istered the oath as Chief Justice. At
that time the city of Washington had
lM brick and 263 frame houses. The
population was about 3,000. whereas
now it is well above 800.000. There
were but 128 members of the House,
Whereas today there are 435. A year
After the coming of the Supreme Court
there were but 126 Federal employees in
the city.
Senile Chamber Divided.
The Senate had been meeting in a
room on the basement floor which was
two stories high. Latrobe, then archi
tect of the Capitol, divided this space
Into two rooms, one above the other.
The lower room is now occupied by the
lAW library of the Supreme Court. The
upper room was occupied as the Senate
Chamber until the present chamber was
reedy for occupancy.
For a time, while the remodeling work
Wis in progress, the court met in what
ii now the office of the clerk of the
COurt ifld Continued there until the
room which Is now the law library was
•$L the Capitol was burned by the
British, on August 24, 1814, it was nec
essary to find other quarters for the
Congress, which held its first subse
quent session in Blodgett’s Hotel, on E
street between Seventh and Eighth
streets northwest.
Upon completion of the present Sen
ate wing or the Capitol and the removal
of the Senate to its present chamber,
the Supreme Court took possession, in
1860, of the more comfortable quarters
vacated by the Senate. This has been
the permanent court room since that
date, and In only one Instance have
the sittings of the court been disturbed.
That was due to the explosion and Are
on November 6. 1898, when a gas ex
plosion occurred in that portion of the
Capitol, resulting in such damage to the
court room that the sessions of the
court were held In the Senate commit
ted roodt of thd District of Columbia,
<pd in the Senate committee room of
tha judiciary, until the necessary re
ikef** rm he»n completed.
Seven Chief Justices.
During the 128 years of the occu-
Bucy df the court in the Capitol there
ve been seven Chief Justices presid
ing—John Marshall. Ro*<«r Brooke
Tandy, Salmon Portland Chase. Morri
son R. Wilte. Melville W. Fuller. Ed
ward Douglas White and William How
ard Taft.
The site to be occupied by the new
Supreme Court Building Is also his
Following the burning of the Capitol
©n August 24, 1814, a building was
erected on the corner of First street and
Maryland avenue northeast, in which
the first session of the Fourteenth Con
gress was held. This building was
erected for the use of the Congress and
its occupancy by Congress continued
until the Capitol had been restored, in 1
1819. the first meeting of the Congress
In the restored building being on De
cember 6, 1819, the first session of the
Sixteenth Congress.
Following the departure of Congress
from its temporary home, the building,
known as the "brick Capitol,” seems to
have been used as a boarding and room
ing house unto the period of the Civil
War, when It was again taken under
Government control and used as a mili
tary prison for the temporary confine
ment of those whose political actions
seemed hostile to the Government. Dur
ing this period It was known as the Old
Capitol Prison. After the Civil War
the building reverted to private occu
pancy, and at one time was occupied
as a residence by people of distinction,
the ©ecupant of one of the dwellings
being a justice of the Supreme Court.
For many years this historic building
haS been owned and occupied as the
headquarters of the National Woman’s
Will Face Capitol.
The Supreme Court Building is to
face the Capitol. It is to be 385 feet
east and west by 304 feet north and
south. A terrace will surround the
building and make a setting for it.
The exterior design is of the classic
type, Corinthian style, in harmony
with the Capitol and well suited to
the character of the new structure.
The central section of the building,
in which will be located the Supreme
Court and the main corridor leading
to it will rise to a considerable height
above those parts to which are assigned
the offices and lesser functions of the
structure, thus symbolizing the relative
importance of Its several parts.
The central portion is to be four
stories high above the terrace on the
east front, three stories on the west
front. The east stories are to be lover
In height so that the floor line will be
The plan naturally divides into four
main requirements, each closely related
to the other, viz: The court room, the
justices' rooms, the offices and the
library. In addition to these there are
to be conference rooms, rooms for law
yers and rooms for general uses.
The main floor of the building is to
be one story above the terrace. The
easterly section of the building on the
main floor is assigned to the Supreme
Court room, the conference room, the
robing room and the chambers of the
Chief Justice and of the associate Jus
tices. The westerly section of the
main floor is assigned to the rooms
for the Attorney General, the Solicitor
General, the clerk of the Supreme
Court, the marshal and for the use
of lawyers doing business with the
court and for the press and telegraph
Sapreme Court Room Impressive.
The Supreme Court room is placed
on the main axis of the plan. It is
designed to be a room of Impressive
proportions and monumental style. It
will be about 64 feet square and about
30 feet from floor to celling. The floor
area will be about 60 per cent larger
than the present Supreme Court room
It will be lighted by windows on both
sides opening betwen the colonades to
the courtyards, as well as by artificial
light. This natural lighting is so
placed that it will give a cross lighting
nbt facing either the Justices or the
liwyerS in the court.
The rooms for the Justices, the court
/. Officials, and the lawyers are to be
Ii K f
f;' * >_. • 3 • -J&, : L.» i..
a- **** JHHkSIh
ItTT.I .1. miJi -..V.*. n,,,,,,.,...-
Survivors of the yacht Carnegie, which burned In Apia, Western Samoa, November 29, as they arrived in San Fran
cisco. The Carnegie was on a three-year scientific cruise. Standing: S. E. Forbush, Cleveland; H. Olsen, San Francisco;
W. E. Scott, Washington; J. Aspiasu, Chili; J. Oyarto, San Francisco; S. L. Seaton. Washington, and H. Jentoff, Washing
ton. Front row; J. E. Unander. New York; Dr. 3. H. Faol , Washington; F. M. Soule. Washington; A. Erickson. New York,
and H. W. Graham, Pittsburgh. Soule, Paul, Forbush, Graham and Scott were nembers of the Carnegie’s scientific staff,
the others were officers and members of the crew of the vessel. —Associated Press Photo.
Board of Trade Entertain
ment Will Depict Life on
Moulin Rouge.
Arrangements are progressing for the
Midwinter dinner of the Washington
Board of Trade February 2 In the Wil
lard Hotel. Almost 500 tickets for the
annual play night of the business men
have been sold, leaving only half that
number to be taken before the limit is
The entertainment “Inside the Red
Mill” will represent life on the Moulin
Rouge of Paris, with special attention
to scenic effects.
Red Mill Forms Stage.
In the banquet chamber will be a
stage in the form of a red mill, A
model of this has been completed and
the contract for Its construction let. The
dinner menu also has been decided
Next week Jerome Barnard, general
chairman, and Fred East, chairman of
the entertainment committee, plan to
go to New York to discuss with the
atrical producers plans for the evening.
All the entertainers will be profession
als from New York and Philadelphia.
Monroe Silver of New York, master of
ceremonies at the dinner last year,
again has been engaged.
A feature of the annual banquet is
that speeches are prohibited, even
though nationally prominent guests be
present, as is often the case.
Personnel of Committee.
The personnel of the dinner com
mittee follows: Jerome F. Barnard,
chairman; W. C. Witts, vice chairman;
Fred M. Bradley, second vice chair
man; A. K. Shipe, secretary; T. Brooke
Amiss, Charles A. Appleby, James R.
Arnold, John T. Bardroff, Inspector T.
E. Bean, Percy C. Brady, W. E. Bralth
waite, E. C. Brandenburg, Elmore T.
Burdette, James W. Burch, Joseph A.
Burkart, Thomas A. Cantwell. Herman
F. Carl, Benjamin Carow, Arthur Carr,
Oliver T. Carr, John M. Cherry, F.
George Clendaniel, C. W. Clever, E. F.
ColladeF, Robert J. Cottrell, F. E. Cun
ningham. J. Harry Cunningham, John
H. Davidson, Harry Dean, Thomas L.
Eagan, Fred East, James B. Edmunds,
William R. Ellis, George A. Emmons,
Edwin E. Etz, W. W. Everett, George B.
Farquhar, Raymond M. Floranee.
Lloyd F. Gaines, W. Herbert Gill,
E. C. Graham, G. V. Graham, Harry
j Grove, Paul F. Grove, Inspector W. H.
Harrison. Harry H. R. Helwig, Charles
H. Jerman, Stephen E. Kramer, William
H. Lanham. Robert E. Lee, Luther W.
Linkins, J. Stanley Long. Joseph C. Me-
Garraghv, C. Hayward Marshall,
George Miller, C. W. Morris, Edgar Mor
ris. E. J. Murphy. George W. Offutt. J.
Mitehell Owens, George Plitt, W. MeK.
Poole. William E. Rabenhorst. William
F. Raymond. W. E. Reed, Wallace B.
Robinson, John Saul, J. A. L. Sayer,
John O. Scharf, Milton F. Schwab,
Richard P. Schulze. Georg* C. Shinn,
Fred A. Smith. Odell S. Smith, Ross H.
Snyder, O. E. Stringer. Frank R.
Strunk, E. C. Thomas, wilmol W. Trew,
George V. Triplett, Paul Ward, C. J.
Waters, W. H. Waters, Ben T. Webster,
John F. Webster, Fred J. White, Harry
P. White. Lawrence E. Williams, Au
gustus Willige, William E. Wise.
By the Associated Pres*.
SEATTLE. December 21. —United
States steamboat inspectors today ex
onerated Capt. Eric Strandquist of the
steamer Skagway of all blame in con
nection with beaching and burning of
his vessel near Cape Flattery, Wash.,
last Monday.
Capt. Strandquist ran his boat onto
the rocky shore when a fire broke out
In the Skagway’s hold. His cargo in
cluded gasoline and alcohol.
Accusations by subordinate officers
that the captain ignored counsel of his
officers and crew and headed for the
rocks after being told he could reach
Neah Bay, 3 miles away, were held
The crew of the Skagway was re
moved to safety soon after the vessel
was beached.
Sculptor’s Gifts Overrated, Says
Sunday School Teacher.
LOS ANGEIES. December 21 (#).—
Laura Lanphause.. 21. a Sunday school
teacher, defendant In a $2,000 suit
brought by Leon Bayard, known as
Count de Volo, sculptor, answered the
suit today In three lines. She denied
all of the count's allegations.
The count, said to be the only male
heir to the estates of Pierre Terrail
Seignaur de Bayard and son of Countess
Anna Monserato Bayard de Volo, third
cousin of Italy’s King and lady in wait
ing to the Queen, set forth in his com
plaint that the girl, 20 years his junior,
jilted him. He asks for the return of
gifts which he said were heirlooms, or
of $2,000 cash.
Miss Langhauser in an interview said
all he gave her was worth less than
S3OO and that he gave the presents as
payments for work In his studio.
grouped around four courtyards, each
courtyard being about 64 feet square.
The plan is so arranged that any
justice may pass from his own cham
bers to those of the other Justices, for
: conference, or to the court room, to
conference room or to the library with
out passing through the public corri
; dors. He may enter of leave the build*
i lng In the same manner.
Blind Senator Asks
Government Bureau
To Help Sightless
Establishment of a new bureau
in the Department of Labor, to
be devoted to the welfare of
blind persons throughout the
United States, was proposed In a
bill introduced In the Senate yes
terday and referred to the com
mittee on education and labor for
report. Senator Schall, Repub
lican. of Minnesota, author of the
bill, Is blind.
One of the ways in which the
bill proposes to help those who
have lost the use of sight is to
authorise the new bureau to
issue licenses to place stands in
Federal buildings, to be operated
by persons suffering from blind
ness or with seriously defective
vision. The bureau also would
co-operate with organizations and
associations in placing similar
stands in State, county and
municipal buildings throughout
the country.
In issuing licenses for such
stands in Federal buildings the
bureau would give preference to
ex-service men and to residents
of the State, territory or District
of Columbia, in which the stand
is to be located.
The bureau would be headed by
a director, with an assistant di
rector and such other personnel
as would be needed.
21,(M0 VOTES
Nationalist Victory Against
Young Plan in Germany
Tomorrow in Doubt.
By the Associated Press
BERLIN, December 21.—Alfred Hu
genberg and his followers in the Na
tionalist party, who at great expense of
effort mustered a little over 4.000,000
votes on October 30, for the anti-Young
plan plebiscite, will tomorrow face the
tremendous task of persuading nearly
21,000,000 German electors to vote in
favor of the anti-Young plan law.
The law was decisively defeated in
the Reichstag recently, but as it had
been approved by more than a tenth of
the electorate at the time of the plebi
scite a country-wide referendum had to
be held.
There has been very little to indicate
that the German people are anxious to
approve a measure that would punish
as traitors the officials of the govern
ment who had had anything to do with !
approving the Young play, from Presi
dent Von Hindenburg down.
Even the greatest optimists in the
Hugenberg group do not expect a vic
tory, and the chief Interest of observers
in tomorrow’s referendum is in seeing
whether the split within the Nationalist
ranks will prevent Hugenberg from ral
lying even 4,000,000 votes at the polls.
To make the referendum a law nearly
21,000,000 votes are necessary.
A special polling booth has been in
stalled In a restaurant close to the
Reichstag Building to enable the Na
tionalist members to vote early. Many
of them planned to register Immediately
after the stroke 'of midnight.
Addition to Astronomical Xnowl
•dge Made by Polish
By the Associated Press.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., December 21
—The Harvard College Observatory
today announced receipt of a report on
the discovery on December 20 of the
brightest comet found by astronomers
this year. The discovery was made by
Wilk of Cracow, Poland.
The comet was 8 degrees west of the
bright star Vega in the Constellation of
Hercules. It can be seen In the western
sky Just after sundown and in the east
ern sky before sunrise.
WGY Puts Program on Short Wave
for Australia and New Zealand.
SCHENECTADY, N. Y„ December 21
</P). —WGY. the General Electric radio
station here, early today broadcast a
special program over a short-wave
length from W2AF, the company’s ex
perimental station for Australia and
New Zealand. It was the last of a se
ries of special broadcasts from 6 to 7
a.m., which was started November 1.
At Schenectady the program was
broadcast at the beginning of the
shortest day in the year, while listeners
in the other hemisphere received the
program at the close of the longest day
irt their year.
Three Reach Port, Three on Way,
Three Voluntarily Anchor.
CHARLEVOIX, Mich., December 21
(/P). —Three fishing tugs which have
been weather-bound In the lee of Fox
Island for a week reached this port
late yesterday and reported that three
others were on their way and should
arrive during the night. Three addi
tional boats were reported not to have
attempted the trip with yesterday’s
' weather moderation. Those left behind
1 were said to be well provided with food,
but all the craft contended with a short
age Os fuel. Coast Guardsmen had pre
pared to aearch for the boats today if
i they had not reported.
m.» - ■ -■■■ ■» %
Alabama Senator Challenges
Action in Barring Anti-Smith
Voters as Candidates.
The recent action of the Alabama
Democratic executive committee, which
voted to deny to persons who opposed
or voted against the Smith-Robinson
Democratic ticket in 1928 the right to
Be candidates for nomination to office
in the Democratic primary next year,
was challenged yesterday by Senator
Hugo Black. Democrat, of Alabama.
Senator Black contended that the exec
utive committee has exceeded its au
The object of the committee was to
exclude from the Democratic primary
Senator "Tom” Heflin, who comes up
for renomination and re-election next
year, and such would be the effect of its
decision if the decision is allowed to
* Senator Black’s Comment.
Senator Black said:
"A study of the resolution adopted by
the Alabama State Democratic commit
tee convinces me that the majority has
acted in contravention of existing laws
and statutes. • The committee, in my
judgment, has no legal authority to
adopt one rule of qualifications for
voters in the primary and another rule
of qualifications for candidates in that
"The rule must be uniform with ref
erence to both. The law does not con
template a specially privileged class to
run for office, and a subordinate class
who can vote, but not hold office. Cit
izenship carries with it the right of an
elector to vote and hold office. An at
tempt to abridge the sacred rights of
citizenship is fundamentally un-Amer
ican. If a citizen is barred as a candi
date for political office as a party pun
ishment, he must be barred as a voter.
If barred as a voter, he must be barred
as a candidate."
Sees Thousands finder Ban.
After citing the Alabama law, Sena
tor Black continued:
"The committee did not wish to bar
as voters those who failed to vote for
Qov. Smith. It is clear, however, that
they have barred thousands as voters
if they have barred them as candidates.
The courts should not be called upon to
settle a question upon which there can
be no reasonable grounds for disagree
ment. It Is a situation which calls for
the best thought and action of all
Democrats who respect the ancient
rights of citizenship and who love the
traditions and principles of the Demo
cratic party.
Democrats Perturbed,
Ever since the executive committee
acted in this matter, Alabama Demo
crats have been exercised over the prob
able result. It has been expected that
Senator Heflin would run as an inde
pendent candidate, with a gubernatorial
and other candidates for office running
on a similar ticket with him. Under
such conditions the Democratic party
in the State would be tom wide open,
with the issues of 1928 revived Instead
of approaching harmony.
Prof. Michelson Gives 111 Health as
Cause for Resignation, Effec
tive in June, 1930.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, December 21. Prof.
Albert A. Michelson, world-famous
physicist, who observed his 77th birth
day Thursday, has resigned as head
of the physics department of the
University of Chicago.
Saying he was forbidden by 111
health to continue his official post at
the university, the famous scientist
asked to be relieved from duty at the
end of the school year, in June, 1930.
His action came unexpectedly and was
not disclosed until the board of trustees
announced the acceptance of the res
ignation last night.
With Mrs. Michelson, the scientist
will finish his recuperation In Bermuda
from a recent serious illness. Be
fore Spring, however. Prof. Michelson
plans to go to California to continue
experiments calculated to determine
more minutely the speed of light. "And
after that Is completed, maybe I’ll take
life easy. Maybe I’ll begin to think
about retiring,” said the man who has
devoted 84 year* in scientific research.
Former Rail Man in Three States
Had Been Mayor and City
Clerk of Concord.
By the Associated Press.
CONCORD, N. H., December 21
State Treasurer Henry E. Chamberlain,
75, died at his home here this after
noon. He was a native of Newbury, Vt.,
and has been State treasurer since 1925’.
He was mayor of Concord and pre
viously served as city clerk.
Before entering politics, Mr. Chamber
lain. engaged in the street railway busi
ness He was superintendent of the
Concord Street Railways for many years
and had also been connected with roads
in Texas and Indiana.

With their wrlats tied together, Jo
seph Carruthers, 23, and Mollie Cowan.
18, were recently found drowned in Barf
Quarry Pond, near Workington, Eng
, land.
Blame Box Lunches for Ptomaine
Poisoning of Train Group.
SPRINGFIELD. HI.. December 21 (JP).
Ptomaine poisoning which affected 36
girl students on their way home from
Christmas vacation was blamed yester
day for the serious condition of Virginia
Mandler of Bloomington.
The Girls, all students of Btevens
El Come to MARX H
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College at Columbia, Mo., were on •
train taking them to their homes for
the holidays and they had all eaten
box lunches given them in Columbia.
When they arrived here Thursday,
they were so ill the train was held
while they received medical treatment.
Miss Mandler and Adaline Rocke, also
of Bloomington, were taken to a hospi
tal. Miss Rocke had recovered yester
Leland Stanford Plan Would
Maintain Faculty Pansiona.
PALO ALTO. Calif., December 21 UP).
—Leland Stanford University will in
crease its tuition fees from SBS to SIOO
a quarter next October 1 as a means of
maintaining its faculty retirement pen
sions. Students now registered, how
ever, will continue on the old basis
until 1933.
The announcement of the change to
day said the SBS now paid goes toward
faculty salaries and that the sls in
crease would be applied to the penXOft
fund. The enrollment exceeds 4.500 at
— . ——.
Radio telephone service between the
Netherlands and the Dutch Cast Indies
is being established.

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