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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 22, 1929, Image 62

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“Controlled Production” Is
Watchword for 1930,
Leaders Agree.
Special Cwtpitch to the Star.
DETROIT, Mich., December 21.
“Controlled production” will be the
, watchword Os Automobile manufactur
-lAK for 1230. Profiting by the experi
ence of this year, when the close of the
greatest volume output period the in
dustry has ever known came at the
same time as the stock market slump,
representative ‘opinion of the larger
makers is in favor of working within
normal limit* for the next 12 months.
This will mean a voluntary scaling
down from the high peak of the last 12
months, in which total output of all
factories have approximated 5,600,000
ear and truck units.
One of the automobile magnates who
sponsors this policy is Joseph B. Graham,
president of Qraham-Paige Motors
Corporation. In a statement he has put
his company on record as favoring con
trolled production. The policy, he says,
has been adopted as a solution of the
labor turnover problem.
Price Trend Is Upward.
“By shipping cars only as required
for immediate wholesale and retail de
livery and by regulating production
during the off selling periods to build
up a reasonable reserve stock to meet
seasonal peak demands, it is hoped
to provide steady employment,” Mr.
Oraham adds.
At the same time Mr. Graham has
stated that Graham-Paige would make
effective an increase of prices on all its
models January 1. This brings the num
ber of companies that are revising prices
upward to six in all. Since last week
the group, originally formed of Stude
baker, Cadillac and Buick, has had Olds
mobile and Nash added to it. The Olds
mobile boost was SIOO on the Viking
models and that of Nash Motors was
$25 to $l4O on three lines, consisting of
two sixes and one eight.
Miller la Conservative.
Collective opinion favoring controlled
Output of Cars has been in process of
formation for the last month. The first
of the chief executives to sponsor con
servatism for the next year was L. A.
Miller, president of Willys-Overland,
Inc. Mr. Miller’s first statement was
supplemented by a second one a few
days ago in which he said that keeping
production within retail demands should
result in a moderate upward trend in
prices. He estimated that automobile
output in the United States and Canada
would range from 4,600.000 to 5.000,000
units, but Was inclined to believe the
lower figure would be established.
Among the magnates who have been
appraising the production possibilities of
I*3o IS Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., president of
oenerai Motors. He estimates that the
replacement market of the present year
accounted for sales of 3.000.000 cars and
calculates that such demand next year
Should reach a total close to 3,390,000
units, which should serve as a sustain
ing factor for the industry.
Close study of the situation, he finds,
leads to the belief that with the passing
Os a few more years the record-break
ing production of 1929 will represent
commonplace performance, with a sta
bilised upward trend year after year in
and*weaJth to **** r6wth population
-gMtkm taken by President Mil
* Os Willys-Overland found an echo
E* ev * Ta JL * €elu ago in a letter to him
Richard H. Scott, president of the
Motor Car Co. In indorsing the
's-Dverlartd stand, Mr. Scott said
that if the industry will cease to at
tempt to bolster up the production rec
ords by constantly obsoleting mechan
ically good automobile* it may have a
temporarily deterrent effect on volume
of sales, but It will ultimately prove a
blessing to manufacturer, dealer and
consumer alike.
Chevrolet Reaches Goal.
Chevrolet, according to a company
Statement, has achieved its objective of
Building 1,350,000 automobi'rs for 1929,
whioh has proved the largest year for
the company since It has been in ex
The peak of the year’s operations
waa in May last. The total for that
month fan up to 160,895 cars. New
high monthly records were established
to every month except January. The
first cars of the six-cylinder series were
marketed On January 1. By the time
the first week to August had passed 1.-
000,000 of them had been placed in
owner service.
Comparative figures of the past six
years show that Chevrolet output has
climbed from $09,000 in 1924 to more
than 1,950,000 in 1929. The million
mark was exceeded for the first time
to 1127. There was a jump to 1,200.000
to 1928, and another jump in 1929 has
exceeded all previous year volumes.
(Copyright, 1928. by North American News
paper Alliance.)
Manufacturer Says Parking Facili
ties and Roads Must Xeep
Pace With Cars.
The great increase to the use of the
automobile in business has called atten
tion of authorities of municipalities in
all parts of the United States to the
necessity of an early and practical so
lution of the parking problem, accord
ing to H. H. Franklin, president in the
automotive industry, who has driven his
car more than 25,000 miles in a dozen
States this year on business journeys.
The flexibility of the automobile as
a transportation medium assures its in
creasing use, Mr. Franklin states. With
the faster and more luxuriant cars now
being manufactured and the building of
better roads, he declares automobiles
will become the fastest as well as the
safest means of travel, averaging better
tlm# from starting point to destination
than either train or plane. The auto
mobile's great advantage, he says, is
that it need not wait for favorable wea
ther. requires no transfers and is al
ways ready to go.
Municipal a* well as Btate and Fed
eral authorities are recognizing the
fieed for better roads to keep up with
this Increasing automobile traffic. Mr.
Franklin declares that the next few
years will see cars capable of speeds in
excess at 100 miles an hour with safety,
Ending the road building program In
United Btatea keep 6 pace with the
Improvement in motor cars. This in
turn wUI see a greater expansion in the
use of automobiles than ever before.
Mechanic Is Like Doctor.
Make a study of your regular me
chanic as well as your car. Like a
family physician, he must be absolutely
dependable, because he does, or doesn’t
do a lot of things you probably don't
know anything about. If you find you
can’t trust him, get another doctor for
your car.
f Tin Pressure Important.
Underinflation, overinflation and un
even inflation all cause discomfort and
trouble. The instruction book that
comes with your Car tell* you at what
pressure to keep your tires. Follow in
■ ■
Gauge Calibrated for Tirei.
A good pressure gauge is calibrated
for an uses of balloon tires. That
means that If you have several cars
using different sixes of tires the same
gauge win do for all of than.
! | AMERICAN HISTORY BY MOTOR—via the Old Spanish Trail (Tim rjiin«r»a U « P»vn! ofcn«,> ‘| |
S Historic Places
inNew Orleans
THERE'S touch of
A niAntic. beauty almost
everywhere asshowtt here
in. the patio dfthe Arts and
Crafts tinbotiKopal Street
Bulk of Traffic Flows Over
State Roads That Need
What is a farm-to-market road? A
simple question, yet much is dependent
upon the answer, according to E. E.
Duffy, highway educational writer.
Obviously a farm-to-market road is
one that leads from farming areas to
the nearest market where the demand
for produce is good and rail shipping
facilities are adequate.
On that basis most all of the roads
in the United States could be called
farm-to-market roads, for even out to
the sparsely populated sections of the
West farms may be found at fairly fre
quent intervals.
Cannot Improve All.
In considering the wholesale improve
ment of farm-to-market roads it Is
clear that all of them cannot be given
equal attention. It is further apparent
that the States and the United States,
through Federal aid, can improve and
maintain in a good condition only a
portion of the total road length of
3,000,000 miles. This means that full
attention can be given only to those
roads that carry the most traffic.
Investigations have revealed that
about 85 per cent of the motor traffic
is carried over the 300,000 miles em
braced in State systems. These 300,000
miles of roads are through routes; they
connect all principal towns and cities;
the bulk of the farming population
lives along them or but a Short dis
tance back on secondary routes.
Inasmuch as the State systems are
still far from completion, the first job
is the improvement of these roads to a
point where car operating costs and
road upkeep costs are lowest. A skele
ton system of pavements, within easy
access of most farms, will cut transpor
tation costs far more than a spread
out system of inferior roads, which in
themselves would consume great blocks
of cash in maintenance.
Mutt Consider Balk.
Roads must be built that will permit
the greatest number of farmers to have
year-round transportation without the
load limitations demanded of light
surfaced highways when rain and thaws
get busy—and is so often the case on
State routes in agricultural States. The
high cost of light surfaclngs is demon
strated in Minnesota and Wisconsin,
where even trucks collecting milk must
reduce their loads when the roads arc
Farm-to-market roads vary widely
in traffic burden and no blanket rule
for their improvement can be adopted
There are roads, of course, not included
in the State systems over which rural
traffic is heavy. These roads should be
well paved—even if only a 9-foot strip
of rigid pavement can be laid.
Automotive Executive Declares
Millions in Buying Power to
Be in 1030 Markets.
America’s Middle Western farmers
are prosperous. Their buying power is
such that industry throughout the
country will feel the effect of their
prosperity during 1930. Not only auto
mobile manufacturers, but the produc
ers of everything that is used on the
farm will And great markets through
out the Middle West next year. These
predictions were made by R. T.
Hodgkins, general sales manager in the
automotive industry, on his return Fri
day to Detroit from one of a series of
trips that during three months have
tak?n him into nearly every one of the
great agricultural States of the Missis
sippi Valley.
“Prosperity is general from Chicago
to Denver, from Canada to the Gulf,
thanks to a mammoth wheat harvest
and a com crop that in lowa alone is
valued at $800,000,000,’’ Hodgkins said.
“Hence the backbone of America’s con
suming power is in a buying mood,
already evidenced by record-making
purchases of radios, farm implements
and other articles.”
In addition to predicting that the
automobile and other manufacturers
will gain rich returns from this pros
perity of Mississippi Valley farmers
during 1930, he pointed out that the
agricultural regions had not been hit
by the recent stock market collapse.
He called on business men tending
toward discouragement to recognize the
inherent soundness of American pros
perity and to build for the future with
that in mind.
“President Hoover shows great wis
dom in marshaling the active wealth
of the country to combat the pessimism
caused by the stock market antics,”
said Hodgkins. “The speedy accept
ance cf his suggestion by the Nation’s
great employers is overpowering testi
mony of their own confidence In the
■ ■ m -a.— ——-... ~
Motor Vehicles Increase Faster
Than Nation's Population.
Motor vehicles are being manufac
tured in the United States at the rate
ol one every seven seconds, while the
population is increasing at the rats of
one person every 26 seconds, according
to George E. Keneipp, manager of the
District of Columbia division of the
American Automobile Association.
I Keneipp based his statement on the
. fact that the population of the coun
i try is increasing at the rate of 1,400,000
i persons per year, while to 1925, 4,601,190
motor vehicles were produced. „
sMWtS- ' jk | •
x || v m
’ ft 1 Ml,:
THE atmosphere o£ soufftem
i France and Spain
the ’OkiOuai-ttr of New
Orle&is.and along this walled
thorounifke,still known as
Pirates Alley,the traveler mao
find his way into the heart or
the Old City).
By Frederick C. Russell
So long as she's at the wheel Os a
car and in traffic q woman doesn’t have
to know a thing about golf to miss the
Women are playing a very significant
role in checking mistakes to the design
of modern cars. Recently one of the
leading companies lengthened its big
gest job and anticipated enthusiastic
public reception of the new models,
but soon women were complaining Os a
peculiar upthrow at the rear seat. An
investigation followed, only to reveal
the fact that the engineers had lost
the combination of easy riding by the
slight but incorrect increase in wheel
When dropping in for service at some
garage or shop not authorized by the
maker of your car be careful that the
advice passed, out is suitable for the
particular make of car you drive. In
one case, for instance, it is all right
to operate the automatic chassis lubri
cating system whenever you think of it,
but on another car there is danger of
getting oil on the front brakes if you
overdo it. The first car has hydraulic,
while the second carries mechanical
brakes with automatic oiling.
There never is any need to wonder if
the rear wheels have locked during a
sudden stop on slippery streets. The
speedometer dial tells the story, for
it will swing back to zero the moment
the driving wheels stop turning.
It may seem more convenient to run
the car into the service station when
you happen to think about it. but the
automobile dealer’s plan cf regular in
spection at specified dates is far and
above the usual way. In going by dates
the car arrives at the shop in dry
weather or wet, on cold days or warm,
in sunshine or snow. Under such vary
ing weather conditions the car behaves
differently and it frequently happens
that the service men may see some
need for attention which might easily
escape their notice if the car always
arrived at the shop in fair weather.
These three-cornered hats that are
causing such a stir on Fifth avenue
suggest a timely warning about the
three-cornered traffic situation. When
ever a third party appears at an inter
section new complications arise. Three
usually is a crowd.
Recently I saw one woman wait to
let another complete a left turn. Just
then a third party came up from the
right to make a left turn on the theory
that the driver to the right of her was
standing by to offer this courtesy. Both
of the moving cars collided merely be
cause the drivers involved were two
car minded Instead of a la mode.
The ammeter is one of those instru
ment* on the dash that tells a new
story almost every time you look at it.
To the newcomer at the wheel, how
ever, there are a few primary stories
which must be digested before there
can be assurance that the car is get
ting a square deal.
If the indicator points constantly
above 12 or 14 on the “charge” side of
the scale, for instance, the generator
is producing too much current and
should be adjusted for a lower charg
ing rate. On the other hand, if the
ammeter shows constant discharge the
generator isn’t up to snuff. Always
during Idling tha ammeter ahows dis
charge, however.
Many women who can read the am
meter to good advantage in daytime
allow themselves to become puzzled by
it at night because they do not take
into account the effect of the head
lights. When the lights are “on” the
ammeter never shows as high a charg
ing rate and reveals a greater discharge
when the engine idles or the car is
running fast.
The speed of the ear is another point
to watch. At higher speed more cur
rent is consumed by the engine for
ignition and the generator does not
make up for this because it is adjusted
to waste current over a certain car
speed. At too low a speed the charging
rate also diminishes. The highest rate,
and the one that is best for the battery's
good health, is usually somewhere be
tween 25 and 35 miles an hour.
Women are credited with having
brought about the great change in cars
whereby the feminine touch is all that’s
needed to get the best results from
them. Oddly enough, many women
spoil the effect by trying to handle
their cars in a more masculine manner,
tugging away at the gears and actually
handicapping themselves by resorting
to main force when the lighter touch
would do.
Surely the popular phrase, “Be your
self!” was never more apropos than in
milady’s motoring.
The idea that the rear bumper, spare
tire and other paraphernalia at the
back of the car will offer full protection
if it rams into something when backing
up is one that has caused many a
woman considerable embarrassment
when trying to convince the men folk
of the family what a good driver she
ls - M backing is downgrade, as
often la the case, the back of the top
may strike the obstruction before the
bumper does. A dented body is a mean
thing to repair.
(Ceprrltht by the Austell Service.)
' - -
One of Chain of “Skytcrapera” Un
der Way in Chicago.
The erection of the steel work of the
first unit in a chain of automatic sky
scraper garages has just been com
pleted in Chicago in the record time of
43 days by the Starrett Building Co.
of Chicago. The new 29-story struc
ture, which will have capacity for over
1,000 cars, will be devoted solely to the
parking of automobiles, which will be
handled on three double elevators by
the Kent parking unit system.
The National Parking Garages, which
was organized by a group of public
utility men of New York City, will bo
the owners of the chain. Th? building
program, which will be handled by the
Starrett firm, will be country-wide and
will probably extend over a ten-year
Automotive engineers operate in every
hamlet and serve every industry.
(GHOSTS of piiflfctf - had no effect tipon the 4 iim-wil \bL purposes of
vj Andrew for in, the old building in the foregroundonce the
lAndeiVous of seatobbers under LalittdOld n ickonJ ’ drew his plan£ for the
Battle of New Orleans. Could iis hidden floor (Entresol) but whattaks
of adventure it could tell/ The traveler wilt find it at Chartres andSt Louis
© AiMritM Highwnr lAciHtat! farein. Watlingtn*. I. C.
Provide Valuable Experience in Nation's
Question for Solution of Reckless-
Driver Issue
President American Automobile Association.
There is no royal road to safety. No
single panacea has been advanced and
probably never will. But the fact that
the close of the year 1929 finds the
country confronted with a gigantic toll
of automobile fatalities and injuries, as
well as a considerable sum in uncom
pensated damages, challenges an exam
ination of the efficiency of such definite
steps as have been taken for the amel
ioration of conditions.
It is generally known that the safety
responsibility laws now in effect in 12
States were heralded as promising the
maximum benefits along sane and prac-*
tical lines. It is inevitable that their
operation will be watched with the
keenest interest from Maine to Cali
fornia and from the Yukon to the Rio
Grande. It is well that this should
be so,
In the meantime, however, some criti
cism has been leveled at the safety
responsibility principle. This criticism
falls into two categories. First, it rep
resents the viewpoint Os special Inter
ests whose business they feel might b«
adversely affected, who have consistent
ly opposed all forms of “responsibility”
and who, as far as is known, have never
brought forward a constructive alter
native. Second, it comes from sources
whose object it is either to misrepresent
legislation and its aim or who have not
taken the trouble to distinguish between
what it provides for and what it does
Legislation Is Summarised.
The all-important thing now Is that
the American people should learn
Something sbout what is going on in
the States where the safety responsi
bility law or provisions thereof have
been enacted, since manifestly it is this
practical test rather than what pro
ponents or opponents of the legisla
tion have to say that will decide the
Before proceeding to ascertain what
the States experimenting with the leg
islation have to say, let us summarize
it briefly. To do this I will take the
so-called American Automobile Asso
ciation safety-responsibility law, not
because of any proprietary interest I
claim in it, but because it is the most
comprehensive statement of the prin
ciple. Now, what exactly does it pro
vide for? It embodies four cardinal
principles, as follows:
First, a universal drivers’ license law,
and in this day and age it is difficult to
believe that this demand will meet with
any sound opposition.
Second, a mandatory suspension of
the driving privileges of all persons con
victed of serious violations of the motor
vehicle laws until proof of future>flnan
clal responsibility has been established.
This is in addition to penalties under
the State motor vehicle code.
Third, it provides for the suspension
of the driving privileges of all persons
against whom a final judgment estab
lishing the driver’s negligence has been
legally rendered and who have failed to
meet the judgment, this suspension to
remain in effect until the Judgment has
been satisfied and a guarantee of fu
ture responsibility established.
Fourth, it provides for the insertion
in the drivers’ license law of every
State a proviso which will prevent the
issuance of a permit to any person
whose right to drive is at that time
suspended in any other State, thus in
effect providing for the interexchange
of suspension rulings as between the
States and rendering the disability na
tionally reciprocal.
Responsibility Is rixed.
One of the commonest arguments ad
vanced against the legislation is that it
does not make the financial responsi
bility operative at all until a man or a
woman has had an accident. A glance
at provision two. sbove stated, will show
that this is not the case. In fact, a
person never need have had an accident
to come under the penalties of the leg
Now, what offenses against highway
safety bring these provisions in opera
tion? Briefly summarized, they are:
Reckless driving, driving while under
the influence of intoxicating liquor of
narcotic drugs, leaving the scene of an
automobile accident in which personal
Injury occurs without making identity
R.oad Building Keeps Cask Circulating
As Revealed by Survey Made in lowa
I« money spent like water over the
dam? Fortunately not, for the work of
a dollar la never done. All too fre
quently money expended by govern
mental bodies la regarded by the tax
payer as money that la gone forever,
when aa a matter of fact, the spending
of money by the Government givea the
dollar at leaat a double value.
First of all, a convenience or Im
provement Is purchased which enables
the Government to better serve Its cit
izens. Secondly, money speht for im
provements goes into the pockets Os In
dividuals. and not unstrahgely labor
gets more than any other factor.
In the matter of paved highway con
struction, for Instance, labor receives
more than half of the total expendi
ture, as is shown by an analysis of costs
made by the lowa State Highway Com
mission. In lOwa the construotion
cost of a mile of concrete pavement has
averaged $26,114, of which 52 per cent,
or $13,700, goes to labor through various
Costs for a mile of highway are dis
tributed as follows: Stone aggregate.
$3,441; cement. $5,850: reinforcing
steel, $850: freight, $5,630; grading.
$2,000; miscellaneous contractors’ costs,
Including profits, $8,517.
From these items labor receives the
following Stone aggregate,
$1,032; cement, ss,lls; reinforcing steel.
$255; freight $2,448; grading, $1,500,
and the labor portion of miscellaneous
contractor’s oosts, $5,255.
known, such other violations as consti
tute esuse for suspension or revocation
of licenses In the State, a conviction
of an offense in any other State which,
if committed in this State, would be
a violation of any of the aforesaid pro
visions of the motor vehicle laws of
this State.
It has been charged that the legis
lation might be used by the police as
a weapon to compel motorists indis
criminately to assume financial respon
sibility by the threat of suspension of
license because of petty offenses against
the motor vehicle code. This charge
entirely overlooks the fact that only
perpetrators of major violations as
. cited above are affected. It is true
that one State in enacting the law
went further than the provisions of the
model saiety-responsibllity law in the
citation of violations. But there is
every reason to believe that in this par
ticular State the law will be modified.
The law. in whole or in part, Is now
in effect in the following 12 States:
New York, Rhode Island. Connecticut,
California, lowa, Maine, North Dakota,
Wisconsin, Vermont, New Jersey, New
Hampshire and Minnesota.
Results Are-Encouraging.
It should be said In fairness that
sufficient time has not yet elapsed to
permit of clear-cut conclusions. To
date, however, the experience of those
responsible for the administration of
the laws is most encouraging. Not one
State has taken a backward glance,
while several States are seriously con
sidering the enactment of additional
provisions of the legislation and the
strengthening of some provisions &1-
■ ready in effect.
As might be expected, since the com
i mitments of the States in respect to
the law vary, they are not in accord in
: the stress they place on the various ad
i vantages accruing, but they are in ac*
cord on the proposition that the laws
mean a great forward advance for mo
i tordom. And there is a very general
belief that their cumulative effect will
, be to establish moral responsibility at
the wheel of the automobile and to
make this responsibility compulsory
Let us hear from some of the officials
or the spokesmen of officials who have
committed their commonwealths to the
; experiment in safety responsibility. The
, roll call is unquestionably impressive.
Says Gov. Young of California: “As
soon as the public becomes more fa
miliar with the full meaning of the law
we will see a material decrease in acci
dents on the highways.”
Gov. Shafer of North Dakota: "Law
requiring reckless automobile drivers
to file bond as a security for the pay
ment of damages is the only practical
way of protecting the public from the
dangers of reckless and financially irre
sponsible persons who use the high
Gov. Walter J. Kohler of Wisconsin:
“My attitude toward revocation of driv
ers’ licenses on account of failure to pay
judgments incurred through negligence
was expressed in signing a bill to that
Law Held Adequate Weapon.
Gov. Norman 8. Case of Rhode Island
regards the law as an “economic prop
osition,” as primarily an effort to solve
a difficult economic problem, rather
than as an effective means for reduc
ing highway accidents. But, he adds.
“I do not think there is any foundation
for the belief that the law will lead to
the use of the power of the State to get
business for insurance companies, nor
that such a law will penalize car owners
for petty offenses.”
Speaking in the name of Gov. Trum
bull of Connecticut, Robbins B. Stoeck
el, commissioner of motor vehicles,
whose experience with a financial re
sponsibility law dates to January 1,
1926. and who is usually regarded as one
of America’s ablest administrators, ex
presses himself thus:
“This law provides an effective
weapon for the motor vehicle depart
ment to use against offenders. It is
really an aid to the suspension powers.
Unquestionably the next session of the
Legislature will broaden the scope of
this law. Its moral effect on those to
whom It is applied Is bound to be good.
The experience of an undesirable going
from one insurance company to another
trying to find some one who will guaran
tee in the light of a bad record is bound
to be educational to him, to say the
least ”
s Money’s greatest value can only be
‘ achieved by keeping it In circulation
• and to do this the stimulating hand of
governmental activity is needed. There
i not a single community in this coun
, try that is not in need of important
; Improvements—some communities need
i dozens. Planning, although essential,
can be dangerous If projects are left In
■ the paper stage too long,
s Since government Is the one thing
' which all support, it must naturally be
• the bulwark in times when clouds
• gather over the economic sky. Well
• planned construction programs which
embrace only those projects that will be
■ of actual value to the community are
i now needed.
Florida Count* Touriit Cars.
, York, Pennsylvania and Ohio are the
i greatest sources of tourist revenue for
Florida, the American Automobile As
• sociatlon has established by counting
. cars crossing the Jacksonville bridge.
— r a
Car Heater Gleaning Urged.
If you don't want your car heater to
i smell badly the first time you use it in
, cool weather, Clean It out thoroughly
, now. It’a the dust and other dirt ao
i cumulated In heaters that cause* them
to smell.
Shift gears a little faster when the
lubricant in the transmission Is cold
and stiff. The same rule applies to
most cars when brand new.
In cold weather the hand brake
never should be used to stop the car
prior to parking, as this may cause
the brake shoes to freeze against their
Beware the front-wheel skid which
occurs when the wheels are cut too
sharply for a turn and the car slides
straight ahead.
When the car Is parked out In an
ice storm slip a piece of thin card
board under the blade of the wind
shield wiper. Removing the cardboard
later will leave a clear section for vl- 1
If forced to run on a flat tire because
it is too cold to change to the spare
on the road, complete ruin of the shoe
mav be avoided by being Careful not to
start and stop suddenly.
The habit of letting the engine idle
for short stops in order to "save” the i
b ttery Is unwise because this simply
discharges the cells.
The engine temperature gauge should
be a guide to regulating car speed, espe
cially in col* weather. The speedome
ter should not register over *'3o” until
the gauge reads at least "130.”
One finds that many owners of cars
with four-wheel brakes forget that they
can become trapped in a serious skid if
the- start to stop suddenly without no
ticing that the wheels on one side of
the car are running over a wet or slip
pery portion of the street.
Modern engines requires the ignition
to be fully advanced at the hand con
tra’ during cranking. Retarding after
starting will, of course, help to warm
up the engine.
Slow driving is apt to give a false
impression of oil economy because there
will be more crankcase dilution.
it will help save the battery to switch
off the lights whenever cranking the
engine at night.
(Copyright. 1929. by The Russell Service.)
TO SPEND $631,911
State to Offer Road Fund in Order
to Obtain Like Amount as
Federal Aid.
Special Dltpeteh to The star.
Baltimore December 21.—Mary
land will offer to spend $831,211 on :
road construction, beginning June 1, (
1030. in order to obtain that amonut ;
from the $73,135,000 authorised by Con- '
gress as Federal aid throughout the
country, according to G. Clinton Uhl, i
chairman of the State Roaia Comm la- i
sion. ]
The Federal appropriations were an- i
nounced in connection with President
Hoover’s general call for the speeding ]
of public works. (
Mr. Uhl said: ,
"I have been Informed that there is i
also available $28,000,000 of Federal aid i
funds previously apportioned. Appar
ently some of the States did not take ’
advantage of the appropriation. <
“If the balance is available. Mary- l
land will bs glad to make application
for a portion of its share of the balance, c
In addition to the $631,911.” -
* ■■■■'- t
Check Tires Regularly. (
It has been predicted that the price <
I. 01 "* up. That means that l
the destruction of tires through under- t
inflation will be more expensive than
? v £ r - An<J you can’t maintain tha right <
inflation unless you check your tires i
with a gauge regularly. i
I ~ . O.UU JP.M.—7;3O P.M.
Brand New 1930 Models
Less Than Cost
Was Now Save
Essex Coach. . 7 $854 $695 $159
Essex Std. Sedan. " 914 760 154
Essex Town Sedan 974 815 159
Essex Roadster . 7 974 785 189
Hudson Coupe . . 1345 1085 260
All Above Prices Are Actual Delivered Prices,
Including Bumpers, Spare Tire, Tube and Cover
Neumeyer Motor Co., Inc.
1344-46 Conn. Ave. 211-13 B St. N.W. I
Decatur 1762 Metropolitan 2553
TN \k\s <toui;tOaiicL at the
J-Cabildo intnc OldOuAi'ta
twaity An official, hour
whiled awap in jfetas
the <%S of 3pftnishrulc.
NEXT AMomenbus Event Within
1930 License Plates Bring
Blotters Telling Dangers
of Intoxication.
ONTARIO, Canada.—The 1930 motor
ear license plates for the Province of
Ontario carry with them a large yellow
blotter. That liquor and gasoline make
a poor mixture is the text of the blotter
“Motor drivers, attention! Don’t col
lide with scientific facts! Motor acci
dents like the above,” says the caption
below the picture of a wrecked automo
bile. "are occurring on our highways
every day. Many of them are the direct
result of liquor.”
The blotter, published by the Tem
perance Education Council of Toronto,
goes on to admonish the drivers of the
province where liquor can be bought
under the Ontario liquor control act.
In red type along the bottom of the
blotter, "Don’t take the risk!” Then
follows a quotation from Police Magis
trate Browne of Toronto: "After drink
ing, it is impossible to drive carefully."
In smaller type the motorist is told
that while it takes one-fifth of a second
for a normal man's mental processes to
stimulate him to brake his car in an
emergency, the same process, according
td high medical authority, takes from
two-fifths to three-fifths of a second
with a man who has taken no more al
cohol than is contained in two ounces
of whisky.
“A drink or two of liquor means a
loss of two-fifths of a second in an
emergency,” the blotter continues.
"When it is recalled that a car going at
35 miles an hour will travel between 20
and 21 feet in two-fifths of a second,
one sees how seriously the margin of
safety is impaired. Your own life and I
the lives of others are at stake.”
Drinking in motor cars is forbidden
by law in Ontario.
Lubrication Should Be as Carefully
Applied Then as in Summer,
View of Expert.
Car owners who carry into effect a
belief that lubrication for their auto
mobiles is less essential during the Win
ter than in the Summer are likely to
pay dearly as a result.
8o says Oscar Coollcan, local auto
mobile dealer, in pointing out that the
motorist has quite as much of a lubri
cation responsibility now as he had a
few months ago when temperatures
were higher and touring trips longer.
"There is a disposition on the part
of many motorists to drop the sched
ule which they may have followed re
ligiously during the Summer,” Mr.
Coollcan states.
"Just why this should be so is a
little bit difficult to say, although there
are any number of reasons one might
assign for it. However, the cause is not
nearly so important as the effect. The
fact remains that countless car owners
who would not fail to keep their cars
well lubricated in Summer already have
departed from the rigid routine which
then obtained.
"This illogical practice can have but
one result—rapid depreciation, with its
attendant costly repairs, dissatisfaction
and general unpleasantness.
"The advice to mortorists to remain 1
conscientious in the lubrication of their
cars during the cold months which lie
before us is based on experience. And,
experience is an exacting teacher.
"Don’t forget that the car needs oil ,
and grease no matter how cold the 1
weather and no matter what the sea- <
412 Are Killed Despite State
“Save-a-Life” Drive,
Baughman Reports.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
BALTIMORE. December 21.—'"1 re
gret to report a marked increase In
fatal accidents during the year, not
withstanding the effectiveness of the
'Save-a-Life' campaign,” says E. Aus
tin Baughman, motor vehicle commis
sioner, in his annual report submitted
to Gov. Ritchie this week.
“Throughout the State, 412 persons
lost their lives in motor vehicle acci
dents. as compared to 302 during the
preceding year.
“During the campaign. 281,260 motor
vehicles of all types, comprising 94 per
cent of all vehicles registered in the
State, were inspected,” the report con
Tills year’s gross income exceeded
that of last year by $255,279.21. the re
ceipts this year being $3,278,136.19, as
compared with $3,022,856.98 for 192 C.
More Cars Are Registered.
This increase In income, the report
explained, was due to the fact that
16,019 more motor vehicles were regis
tered this year, the number being
329.962. as against 313,943 in 1928.
“The titling of motor vehicles, new
and used, shows an increase of 28.081,
the total for the just-closed year being
162,562, as compared to 134,481 for the
previous year.” the report continued.
“The total receipts of the title depart
ment amounted to $169,391.82, as com
pared to $141,639.62 In the year pre
“The fines imposed in the Baltimore
City Traffic Court and before ifisgls
trates in the other cities, towns and
rural sections totaled $240,314.40, ns
compared to $235,962.45 for the vear
1927-1928—an increase of $4,341.95
1,220 Lose Permits.
"During the year 1,220 drivers suf
fered revocation of their licenses, while
1,661 were suspended for \arying pe
riods, and 2,161 applicants for licenses
were refused temporarily. These figures
show ah increase in the revocations and
slight decreases in the suspensions and
“In addition. 39,220 drivers were rep
rimanded for minor infractions of the
law. Os these reprimands, 29,581 were
administered directly to the drivers on
the highways by State police officers;
985 were the result of highway activities
of the corps of special deputies of the
department, and 1,445 were entered
against drivers' records In the depart
ment, following summons and hearing
before the legal examiner of the de
“The legal examiner conducted 2,011
hearings, administered 1,454 reprimands,
revoked 154 and suspended 384 licenses
and dismissed 19 cases.”
— «
Speed Tip Given Drivers.
When driving through unfamiliar
c_untry, it's £ safe practice to main
tain the average speed of the other cars
on the road. - Most of them are prob
ably local cars and their drivers know
what speed the traffic policemen permit.
Overlor.kino the Potomac
Formerly a part of Mt. Vernon
Luncheon Dinner
Special Parties
Old-time Hand Weaving
! Woven on looms as seen in spinning
room at Mt. Vernon
Exhibit Includes
Ruos. Bats and Four-Poster
Coverlets in Colonial design.
Woven bv mountain women.
Washington-Rirhmond Boulevard
IS Miles—Phone Lorton 3-F
“The Place to Eat ”
119 West Fayette St.
Baltimore. Maryland
Sea Food a Specialty
11 Mwam r
On Richmond Road n'mTJ'oMv* * '
Luncheon or
VS uppers Dinner
as*x*tee »ia /'■ *t€B
Forty Miles from Washington Over the Lee
Through the Bull Run Battlefield
MRS. FRED G. BERGER. Proprietress
Telephone Warrenton 2SO
Sunday Chicken Dinner $1.50
„ , 1:00 P.M—3:OO P.M.
Sunday Supper 75c
6:00 P.M.—7:30 P.M.

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