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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 25, 1929, Image 8

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With Sroday Morning Edition.
WEDNESDAY.December 25, 1929
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
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published herein. All rights of publication of
special dispatches herein are also reserved.
The “White House” Fire.
It was a striking coincidence that
within about three hours from the time
that President Hoover turned on the
lights at the community Christmas tree
In Sherman Square, just east of the
White House, flames should break out
in the Executive offices, to the west of
the mansion. For the third time in
history the “White House" was burned.
Fortunately, the structure that was at
tacked by the Are was not the his
toric home of the Presidents, which is
regarded with respect close to reverence
by the American people. The burned
building was that erected about twenty
eight years ago to provide adequate
accommodations for the transaction
of the Executive business.
By a merciful dispensation the fire
occurred at night, after the work of
the day was finished, when the building
waa unoccupied save by the caretakers.
And by an equally fortunate chance it
was discovered at a sufficiently early
stage to permit the salvage of most of
the important papers, documents, rec
ords and correspondence filed there.
The damage that has been done is
therefore comparatively slight. A ver
itable disaster might easily have re
sulted from the blaze.
Announcement is made that the Ex
ecutive offices will be at once trans
ferred to the tri-departmental building
across the street. A survey will, of
oourse, be instituted to determine the ex
tent of the damage done to the burned
building, and this survey may be car
ried to the point of determining as
well whether it is advisable or desirable
to restore the damaged structure.
It may be that decision will be reached
not to replace It, or perhaps merely to
recondition it for provisional use
pending the construction of A truly
adequate accommodation for the Ex
ecutive offices on another site.
Some years ago a plan was considered
for the erection In the square west of
Lafayette Park of a building for the
accommodation of the Executive offices
wnri the Department of State. That
was put aside, however, in favor of the
♦■nr»g of the space known as the
Mall-Avenue triangle as a general site
for needed Government buildings. Now
the program of construction In the
latter area is under way it becomes more
evident than ever that there will not
be a suitable site within It for the new
home of the Department of State, if
one is to be created.
Artistic considerations call for the
remodeling, if not the complete replace
ment. of tUT building that for many
years housed the departments of State,
War and Navy. Long since outgrown
by all three of these branches of the
Government, it stands as an inadequate
and unattractive unit of the public
bousing equipment. A definite plan is
In hand for a new home for the War
Department. No specific provision is
made for the Navy Department in the
present program. The State Department
Is yet to be allocated.
A combination of Executive offices and
Department of State would be con
sistent and convenient. A site im
mediately adjacent to the White House
would be desirable. Eventually it will
be in order, will indeed be necessary in
order to develop a consistent and
harmonious plan, to include the square
west of Lafayette Park in the Govern
ment’s lay-out of constructions. This
Christmas Eve fire, fortunately so in
nocuous, suggests that the time is at
hand for a move to the end of
accomplishing both purposes.
Chinese and Soviets have demon
strated how difficult it is to run a rail
road whose object is private advantage
and not genuine public service.
President Irigoyen's Escape.
Americans, who have mourned at the
biers of three martyred Presidents of
the United States, will not fall to extend
sympathetic congratulations to Presi
dent Irigoyen of Argentina on his for
tuitous escape from assassination yes
terday. Satisfaction over his good luck
is heightened by the circumstance that
his would-be murderer, thanks to ex
ceedingly effective action by the Presi
dent’s body-guard, was promptly dis
patched. Senor Irigoyen Is spared to
complete his second six-year term as
the great La Plata republic’s chief
The attempt on the President’s life
»u political In motive. He has been a
stormy petrel in Argentine public life
for many years. Pirst elected In 1916,
he served in the presidency until 1922.
In 1928 he was renominated and re
elected by a two-to-one majority.
Argentinians rejoice in President
Irogoyen’s personality and even in his
Idiosyncrasies. There Is something of
the Roosevelt about him and his occa
sional political explosions. The Irl
goyenistas, as the President's faithful
party adherents are known, are not al
ways friendly to the United States, but
they left nothing undone last Winter
to welcome President-elect Hoover with
marked cordiality. From the White
House yesterday a warm message of
felicitation on his preservation was
cabled to President liigoyen.
As In the United States, a 1980 con
gressional election Impends In Argen
tina, when half of the Chamber of
Deputies will be chosen. Financial is
sues win be paramount In the cam
paign. The purchasing power of the
peso has fallen and the recent harvest
was poor. The government’s retrench
ment policy let out 30,000 civil service
employes. Industrial unemployment la
widespread. The anti-Irigoyen party
) expects to capitalize all these conditions
at the polls. ■—
{ Yesterday’s near-tragedy In Buenos
. Aires was undoubtedly an expression
of the sullen discontent which perme
ates wide sections of Argentina. But
the world at large is glad that the ef
fort to eradicate political woes by the
bullet once again failed of Its mad pur
i » *«»
i Christmas—and the Child.
i The star the wise men followed led
| them to a child, and down through the
1 ages the child has become the symbol
and the embodiment of the spirit of
Christmas. Observance of the sweet old
. customs revolves above the child. Unless
i there are children the day is hollow
and disturbed by restless memories that
( become mocking echoes of other Christ
: mases now gone.
The day is appropriate for reminder
of the sacred trust imposed upon the
Nation in its obligation to the child
and childhood.
In this country the last quarter of
a century has brought a renewed con
sciousness of this responsibility, and
efforts made to fulfill it have been grati
fying. But there is always danger lest we
take it too much for granted that the
American child, born into a world that
offers boundless opportunities, has come
into an inheritance that cannot be en
riched and that little remains to be
done for him that has not been done.
We congratulate ourselves upon the
fact that science has reduced the odds
against survival that faced the new
born child a few years ago, noting the
steady drop in the infant mortality rate
for the continental United States from
86.6 in 1919 to 68.7 in 1928, figures that
gain added significance from the fact
that the percentage of population con
sidered in 1918 was 58.6, while today it
is nearly 95. And there is more en
couragement still in the knowledge that
efforts to reduce this rate were never
so intelligently directed than they are
today; that funds to finance research
were never so large, while the public’s
interest and familiarity with its task
are Indicated by the strength and able
leadership of numerous organizations
dedicating themselves to child welfare.
The National Child Labor Committee,
Itself a pioneer in agitation against the
national evil of child labor, celebrating
its twenty-fifth anniversary in New
York last week, tot* a justified pride in
recording the fact that every State now
has some form of fourteen-year age
limit for industry and that nearly all
States have an eight-hour day for chil
dren under sixteen; that night work Is
restricted and that educational and
health requirements are general.
In Its annual report for the year Just
closing the Children’s Bureau of the
Department of Labor notes that laws
advancing the educational standards
for a child obtaining employment have
been enacted in 1929 in Maryland, Illi
nois and Missouri, Maryland raising the
standard to completion of the sixth
grade, Illinois raising its standard from
the sixth to the eighth grade and Mis
souri making the standard, for the first
time, completion of the sixth grade. And
the action of the States is significant,
because they reflect a national trend.
No State now is without a com
pulsory education law, requiring chil
dren from seven to eighteen in a few
States and from eight to fourteen in
the majority of States to attend school.
With compulsory education laws
have been those raising the age minima
for working (Children, a gradual process
that began timidly with ten years, in
creased to twelve and fourteen and in
a few States to fifteen and sixteen. But
the national objective now is a mini
mum age limit of fifteen and sixteen
for all children who must work.
Best of all is the fact that the once
familiar pictures of pitifully young chil
dren, with the pale and lined faces of
premature age, working In the cotton
mills and the coal mines, are regarded
now more as relics of barbarity than as
propaganda of reformers.
But there is much to be done. The
last census, 1920, showed a decrease
of 47.5 per cent in the number of gain
fully employed children between the
ages of ten and fifteen. But the number
of such children was 1,060,858 —a large
army, indeed—and they were protected
when the 1920 Federal census was taken
by a Federal child-labor restricting
law, subsequently declared unconstitu
Recent studies show that the per
centage of children in the public
schools is 82.7 in the cities and 75.2
per cent in the country; that the per
centage of illiterate children between
the ages of ten and twenty years Is .87
in the city, but it Is 4.3 in the country.
Our colleges and our high schools are
crowded to overflowing, but only 40 per
cent of the children living In urban
centers complete high school and only
18 per cent continue beyond high
sohool. In the rural districts only 16
’ P«" cent of the children complete high
! school and only 7.2 of them go beyond
high school.
The last twenty-five years have been
marked by legislation to protect the
child against commercial exploitation,
to give him the education and the en
vironment that a Nation spending four
billion dollars a year on Federal Gov
ernment alone can afford. The next
twenty-five years should see the
broadening of necessary legislation,
but, what Is more important, a general
acceptance of the spirit that prompted
this legislation. In order that the well
being and safety of the American child
will depend upon the intelligence of the
community and not upon It- laws alone.
The lobbyist is generous with gifts,
but no one mistakes him for a Santa
Claus influenced by sheer benevolence.
Business at Usual.
Although the Christmas season is at
hand, with its sentiment of good will,
the politicians are doing business as
usual. Congress is in recess, but there
is no adjournment of politics. Indeed,
at no time during the past nine hectic
months In Washington has partisanship
run higher, or politicians been readier
to pick flaws and exploit them ruth
lessly. The holiday season of 1929-30
is the open season for mud and muck.
As might have been expected, the
Democrats are taking the lead In the
Midwinter campaign of politics. They
are the opposition party, and, as was
remarked on a famous occasion In the
House of Commons, "It Is the busi
ness of his majesty’s opposition to
- oppose." To what extent certain Demo
e cratlc opposition tactics of the mo
s ment are warranted is another question.
y They are confined for the most part to
s the sugar lobby and In particular to
the activities of Edwin F. Shattuck,
s New York lawyer, In behalf of Cuban
i sugar Interests In quest of low tariffs.
That the employment of an acknowl
t edged personal friend and close war
- time associate of President Hoover to
e influence tariff legislation in Congress
- was ethically reprehensible is open to
little doubt. That Mr. Shattuck’s ac
ceptance of a retainer for such services
was, to say the least, in poor taste is
d perhaps open to even less doubt. But
e the legitimacy of the Democratic effort
>1 to place blame for the Shattuck affair
f on the President is the most question
-3 able of all.
5 To date, as far as the public record
v discloses, there is no evidence that Law
t ycr-lobbyist Shattuck sought or ob
• tained any aid, comfort or succor for
Cuban sugar from Mr. Hoover. He
r “saw” Mr. Newton, the President’s po
e litical-legislative secretary, who is the
1 official link between the White House
and Capitol Hill. Secretary Newton
f "sees'’ many persons who have business
- with Congress. That is his Job, appar
-3 ently Access to his ear is not limited
■ to men or women who once served un
-5 der '’the chief” at home or abroad—
’■ a grand army of tens of thousands,
t To seek to fasten on the President
i responsibility for the ineptitude of a
• single member of that army, no matter
s what his one-time personal relations
with Mr. Hoover in the long ago may
i have been, will strike the average falr
-3 minded American as a blow below the
■ belt. The Democrats need strain their
■ memory no further back than 1924 for
f a case in point, which comes home to
i their own camp. Certain leaders fa
t vored concentrating the Democratic fire
t in that campaign on Calvin Coolidge
■ because hf had been the second rank
t ing member of “the Teapot Dome ad
■ ministration.” It was always under
t stood that plans to that end were
• ditched at the instigation of John W.
• Davis, Mr. Coolidge’s Democratic op
i ponent for the presidency. The West
i Virginian, it was said, declined to drag
: his rival into the oil scandals issue on
. the simple ground that Mr. Coolidge
; had nothing to do with them.
Herbert Hoover has had just about
, as much to do with the egregious ac
> tivities of an erstwhile “personal at
; tomey” in the current tariff business,
r To create a contrary impression re
t calls a celebrated maxim of Napoleonic
- origin. One of the Little Corsican’s
: marshals had executed for the Em
-1 peror’s delectation a spectacular maneu
. ver against a sham foe, which resulted
i in the attacker’s annihilation. “It Is
1 magnificent, but It Is not war,” was
the comment of a distinguished soldier
; whose opinion of the assault was sought.
The Democrats’ Shattuck-sugar drive
i on President Hoover may be politics,
; but It is not magnificent.
Flying might be safer if a man who
, knows the game as well as Lindbergh
( does could be required to pass upon
, the qualifications of all aviators and the
. conditions under which they are to
It is regarded by some observers as
more reprehensible for a man to foot
’ the entire bill himself than it Is to
obtain by multitudinous subscriptions
, campaign money personally admin -
j lstered. .
Even communism has some standards.
’ A man should not be permitted to
, classify himself as a Communist merely
because he feels a constant and lm
, petuous inclination to toss a bomb.
The literary demonstrations of Gene
, Tunney have not yet affected the free
and direct style of expression that has
, long constituted one of the quaint
’ charms of pugilism.
As Time Passes.
Fair Spring drew near with light and
dainty pace
And rainbow colors to enhance her grace.
Timid, she shrank from the approach
ing show’r
And paused to greet again some friendly
And next she said, as birds would boldly
"I am the Summertime who once was
Arrayed I am in raiment rich and fair,
Woven by Nature’s hand with cunning
Again I say, "I am Dame Autumn now,
A thrifty Influence, as all folk vow,
And gather, as I smile with prosperous
The treasure to be found In Held and
Now come the icicles with frosty gleam,
’Mid myriad gems fit for a fairy dream.
The smile Is gone; the silence is austere;
And Winter wears the jewels of the year.
Undelivered Goods.
"Is there much money used In poli
"Comparatively little,” answered Sen
ator Sorghum. “But there Is a scanda
lous amount of It wasted.”
Jud Tunklns says he knows of no
fashion that changes so fast as that of
Santa Claus whiskers.
Heart and Voice.
He sang a carol from the heart;
His heart was quite O. K.
Friends said, who criticized his art,
His voice was not that way.
Not Interfering.
"Does your wife still buy your neck
"No. The designs have become so
grotesquely extraordinary that she Is
perfectly willing for me to select my
"I am obsequious at certain times,”
said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatoym. "It
is proper that as a well bred man I
should prove that I know when it Is
time to bow."
Christmas time is on its way,
But cheer up, friend and brother.
So swift each day speeds on its way
That soon we'll have another.
"Perseverance is all right,” said Uncle
Eben, "unless it keeps you busy makln’
de same old mistakes.’'.*
The Water Girl, standing today on
her pedestal in the home of Templeton
Jones, smiles a bronze smile, happy in
her Christmas romance.
It is not every statuette that is loved,
nor every one that manages to find its
true destiny. Yes, inanimate things
have destinies, too.
The fate of the Water Girl was to
repose in the home of Templeton Jones,
connoisseur. When the unknown crafts
man in Germany was fashioning her, he
was making her for Jones.
When she was put aboard a great
steamer, and brought across the sea to
America, she was taking the trip solely
to make one Templeton Jones happy.
Neither her maker, nor the steamship
company, nor the pretty little Water
Girl herself knew a thing about Temple
ton Jones, any more than Jones did
about them, but fortune sometimes
works to happy ends.
Therefore it is pleasing, and true, to
believe that from the beginning the
Water Girl was destined for Templeton
Jones, and Jones for her.
** * *
The Water Girl stood exactly a foot
tall, fashioned of bronze, * holding In
each pretty hand a water jug or jar of
the classical pattern.
Aside from these jars, the Water Girl
wore nothing, nor needed she anything,
such is the virginity of art.
Her little hands and feet were ex
quisite, make the monstrosities given to
many figurines which pose as “art
Distinct in a world of bright green,
clumsily executed figures, she lived atop
a lamp of blended marbles, beneath
which the light shone.
Jones first saw her in a store window
where she stood amid an assortment of
pottery, lamps, door stops, and other
articles from foreign countries. With
out the tiny electric light she far out
shone the collection.
When Jones inquired the price of the
Water Girl lamp, he was somewhat non
plussed. Like most would-be purchasers,
he had placed a figure upon the article
beyond which he did not care to go.
The price, alas, was far above his
maximum! Jones reluctantly went away,
after admiring the balanced little figure,
standing bravely in a strange land,
carrying her empty water Jars to an
unknown destination.
** * *
Several times at the office that day
the worthy Jones found himself recall
ing her. Every now and then her finely
cut face would come to mind. Not
every statuette has a pretty face.
Mostly they are pie-faced, or have blunt
noses, or their hair Is done too high In
a so-called Grecian knot.
Grecian knots, Jones thought, do
very well for Venus, but the styles have
changed since then, and modern ladies
in marble or bronze ought to be more
up-to-date in their hair dressing.
What Jones liked particularly about
his lady—he had got as far as regarding
her as indubitably his—was the appear
ance of bobbed hair, which she pre
sented. A close inspection showed him
that her hair really was not bobbed,
but drawn around her forehead to re
semble a bob.
She even had a modified knot, but
so small that it did not detract from
the general appearance of her shapely
Templeton Jones resolutely put her
out of his head for the remainder of the
I I I——
Washington members of the A. R. A.
Association—the merger of the Hoover
overseas and war service organisations—
received a Christmas invitation from
New York headquarters to grace the
next issue of the A. R. A. Review with
contributions. To stimulate their re
spective muses the editors, evidently
taking a leaf from “the chief’s” passion
for dealing with social trends et al., sug
gest “a few widely divergent topics”
upon which the Hooverians may be
pleased to discourse. Here’s the menu:
1. Suggest a good, new slogan for
either of two well known political par
ties, beginning “We Kept You Out
Os .”
2. Have you ever attempted to recon
cile the chain-store movement with a
recent famous variant of the best
known and most ambiguous line in our
3. Do you find any significance In
the spread of the Yo-Yo in the same
4. Are you still convinced that Mr.
Alexander Hamilton was right?
6. Got any ideas as to the future ef
fect on culture of the latest canned
goods exportations from California?
6. Could you give any legitimate rea
son why the great, gun-toting American
public is so concerned with international
disarmament, or vice versa?
7. Would you recommend any changes
in future editions of Webster’s because
of a recently unearthed definition of the
word “felon”?
** * *
Mrs. Vernon Kellogg, wife of the per
manent secretary of the National Re
search Council at Washington, is sail
ing for Europe in January on an un
commonly Interesting literary mission.
For some time Mrs. Kellogg, who saw
Hoover relief service in Poland during
and after the war, has had in the
hopper a biography of Queen Jadwiga,
the famous Polish sovereign who was
enthroned from 1384 to 1399. Though
she passed away at the age of 28, Jad
wiga (Hedwig, in German, and Edvige,
in French) lived and reigned long and
gloriously enough to leave behind a
tradition still cherished in Poland with
an almost holy reverence. Mrs. Kellogg
encountered it when working in the war
canteens and refugee camps. She de
cided one day to bring the story of
Queen Jadwiga to English readers. The
opening chapters are complete and now
Mrs. Kellogg is going to Poland, Hun
gary, Lithuania and Austria in search
of supplementary material. She will
cross the Atlantic with the American
naval conference delegation aboard
the S. S. George Washington.
** * *
When the late James W. Good left
the scene in November, the War De
partment sent to all United States Army
posts throughout the world the follow
ing general order: “During a mourning
period of 30 days ending December 18,
all national and regimental colors will
be draped with crepe." Last week the
Quartermaster’s Department in Wash
ington received a voucher from Fort
D. A. Russell, Cheyenne, Wyo., calling
for SIOO "for draping post mules with
crepe in memory of Secretary Good.”
Investigation ensued forthwith. It ap
pears that the order to drape “national
and regimental colors” reached Fort
Russell reading: “animals and regi
mental colors.”
** * *
About the time the delegates of the
five big naval powers are putting their
heads together in London, a Chinese
naval mission will arrive in the United
States. It’s headed’ by Admiral Tu
Hsi-kuei, former premier under the old
Peking regime and who now holds his
commission under the Nationalist gov-
I ernment of Nanking. After visiting the
I principal American naval stations, the
| Chinese will proceed to Europe. The
I stated purpose of the mission is to
j "search for information which will help
build up the Chinese Republic’s navy.”
Admiral Tu Hsi-kuei and his colleagues
have just spent six weeks in Japan.
China’s navy at present is nothing to
write home about.
** a *
Calvin Coolldge has written the pref
ace for the latest American political
biography to leave the press—“A Pas
sionate Patriot,” being the life of Col.
George Harvey, editor, politician and
diplomat. Harvey has the distinction
>f serving three Presidents of the United
States in succession—Wilson, Harding
and Coolldge. In his prefatory eulogy
, the sage of Northampton writes that
; Harvey’s “intelligence wcs brilliant and
comprehensive,” his “opinions always
positive, making a friend to be cherished
l day, but the next noon, acting on an
. impulse, he went in and told the sales
girl to “wrap up the lamp, he would
take it with him.”
** * *
In the Jones home that evening the
' Water Girl shone silently cm top of an
end table by the fireplace.
She was the admired belle, the
favorite of Jones, Mrs. Jones, Jones’
mother, and visitors. Everybody
loved her.
As for the Water Girl, by which name
she was dubbed by universal consefit,
she never relaxed her slight, pleasant,
bronzed smile, but continued to balance
herself with a Jug in cither hand as If
her very life depended upon the
Pale yellow, green, blue and pink
shone the variegated marble, casting
high lights over her. Jones was
“Did you ever see anything prettier
than that?” he kept repeating.
In the back of his mind, however,
hovered a terrible thought: He had paid
too much!
It was a pretty thing, but it wasn’t
worth It. And you would have to come
from generations of people In moderate
circumstances to know how Jones felt
about the entire matter.
The next day at breakfast he electri
fied the table by declaring that he was
“going to take her back.”
“What! Take her back?”
“Yes, she isn’t worth it. It’s too much
money for a trick lamp.”
** * *
So Templeton Jones took her back,
and once more she went Into the shop
window, to be gazed at by passing eyes,
and mentally priced by inquiring minds,
and as firmly rejected at the counter by
persons of economical turns of mind.
Occasionally Jones would take a turn
by the shop to see if the Water Girl
was still there. “She’s still there,” he
would say, on his return home in the
evening. One day she was gone, and
his heart stood still. Boldly invading
the store, he asked for her, and the
sales girl immediately pointed her out
on a shelf, where she had been placed
for safe keeping.
Yes, several people had asked about
her, but no one had taken her home.
Oh, yes, some one would buy the lamp,
it was too pretty a thing to be left un
sold at Christmas time!
Since Jones thought so, too, he gave
her up forever, and thought no more
about her until just a few days before
Christmas, when he happened to men
tion that she was still In the store,
** * *
As a matter of fact, the Water Girl
had gone out to two other homes in the
meantime, but once she was brought
back on account of being too expensive,
and the second time she was returned
because the purchaser had no place
exactly suited for her.
Dust was beginning to collect on her
bronzed bobbed head by this time, but
she was as perfect, as immaculate, as
beautiful as ever. And the heart of one
who knew that Jones loved her was
moved, and a trip was made to the store.
“Why, it’s a regular romance!” said
the sales girl. “Just like being divorced
and married again.”
And that was how the Water Girl
came to stand today in a multi-colored
glow In the home of Templeton Jones,
her first and only beau.
■■■ I ■ ■■ ■■■!
or an enemy to be feared.” and that
“if he sometimes appeared to be in
fluenced by personal likes and dis
likes, it was always with a clear pur
pose in view.”
** * *
Gen. Jan Christian Smuts, South
African statesman, who will shortly
visit Washington, was commander-in
chief of the British forces which ex
pelled Germany from East Africa
during the World War. The German
commander, Gen. Von Lettow-Vorbeck,
has just disclosed an act of mag
nanimity on Gen. Smuts' part, to find
the parallel of which one has to recall
some of the knightly episodes of his
tory, such as Yorktown and Appomat
tox. “I had won the Iron Cross earlier
in the war,” Gen. Von Lettow-Vorbeck
narrates, “but by some ill luck during
the East African operations the trcphy
fell into the hands of Gen. Smuts.
During our retreat before the advanc
ing British forces several chosen of
ficers and I buried two chests, one
containing the head of a record buf
falo we had shot, and the other filled
with diaries, war decorations and other
valuables. Among them was the Iron
Cross, which Smuts in the most chiv
alrous manner had previously sent
across to No Man’s Land. There I
recovered it. Long after the war our
secretly hidden chests were found and
sent to the London war office at Gen.
Smuts’ order. Now the contents, in
cluding my Iron Cross, have been re
stored to me.”
** * ♦
When the “Canadian” rum runner
I’m Alone figures in forthcoming
Canadian-American arbitration pro
ceedings, it seems that the craft which
the American Coast Guard sent to the
bottom waters last March will turn
out to be American-owned. The other
day ah American citizen, named Daniel
Hogan, was arraigned before the United
States commissioner in New Yor£, fol
lowing his arrest several weeks previous
on the charge of being the proprietor
of the I’m Alone. It was revealed that
a secret search for Hogan had been
pressed by Federal agents all over the
country after the sinking off Louisiana’s
coast. Not even Hogan’s name was
known when the search began, and
even after his arrest his connection
with the rum runner remained a care
fully guarded secret. American owner
ship may vitally affect Canada's claims
in the arbitration.
(Copyright, 1929.)
New Steel Combine
May Stabilize Price
From the Plttaburgh Post-Gazette.
The first reaction to the news of the
formation of another big steel combina
tion with Republic Iron and Steel, Cen
tral Alloy Steel, the Bourne-Fuller Co.
and Donner Steel as the chief com
ponents is that it should help toward
the prioa stabilization of which the
steel Industry has long appeared to be
in need. Pittsburgh has a direct in
terest in the merger through its in
clusion of the Witherow Steel Corpora
tion, a concern of this city.
Generally the move is simply of the
modern business trend toward grouping
in the interest of co-ordinated activities.
It will make the new Republic Co. the
third largest steel combination of the
country, exceeded only by United States
Steel and the Bethlehem. Should fur
ther merging contemplated be achieved,
however, the Republic would be second.
Cyrus E. Eaton, a Cleveland capitalist,
Is credited with being the organizing
genius behind the new merger, it is
assumed that Cleveland will be the
headquarters of the combination. Pitts
burgh, however, cannot be expected to
take seriously the predictions of those
who see Northern Ohio destined to be
come the center of the country’s steel
industry. The truth is that, with the
modern expansion of industry and with
more rapid facilities of transportation.
Industrial districts are defined upon
wider and wider lines.
Probably Pre-Hospital, Too,
Prom the Dee Molnei Tribune-Capital.
That $4,000 batch of liquor seized
last week was not pre-war—just pre-
Gold Bricks in the Basement.
Prom the Butte Dally Post.
Brokerage firm advertises “Guilt Edge
Investments." Must be the kind they
sell to the sucker *
Politics at Large
By G. 1 would Lincoln.
The Senate lobby Investigating com
mittee, ostensibly designed to protect
the innocent Senate from the wiles of
the lobby octopus—if an octopus has
wiles—is being used as a political
organization. This, however, does not
> occasion surprise. Prom the time the
i lobby committee was constituted and
began work there was little doubt of
| the use to which the investigation
would be put. First, it was evident,
' the lobby committee was to be used to
hammer the Hawley-Smoot tariff bill.
! The Democrats have been particularly
1 anxious to have the tariff an issue in
; the coming congressional campaign.
; There are some of the insurgent Re
; publicans from the West—those who
' joined the Democratic coalition —who
. also are counting on the tariff as an
; issue. As the majority of the lobby
: committee is made up of Democrats
and Insurgent Republicans, it can be
. no surprise, therefore, that the in
vestigating committee should be used
to call attention to the evils of the
i tariff bill.
** * *
But now, apparently, the lobby com
i mlttee is to Be used to smear as far
i as possible the President of the United
; States. Because an attorney employed
by the Cuban sugar interests hap
pens to be a personal friend of the
i President and also to have acted as
attorney for Mr. Hoover in drawing up
a lease for Mr. Hoover’s house, and
i because one of the heads of the sugar
lobby said that this attorney was hired
because of his supposed influence with
Mr. Hoover to work on the sugar tariff,
I an effort is now being made to sew
Mr. Hoover up with the sugar lobby
, ists. The lobby committee, headed by
’ Senator Caraway of Arkansas, Demo
crat, has made no charge so far that
i the President has been involved. But
1 now it is intimated that the commit
: tee would be willing to receive from an
i official source, presumably President
Hoover, a disavowal of any connection
; with the sugar lobby, which, after all,
; has been only insinuated and not
charged. The committee has made no
suggestion that it will summon Mr.
Hoover to appear before it, it is true.
’ But anti-administration agencies put
forward the word that the committee
would be glad to hear from the Presi
dent. Further, Representative John
Gamer of Texas, the Democratic leader
of the House, and the Democratic na
tional committee, through its publicity
bureau, insist that the President should
come forward and say that he has
nothing to do with the sugar lobby.
** * *
The general impression about the
country, judging from editorial com
ment, is that an effort to involve Mr.
Hoover is ridiculous. It is looked upon
merely as a political move and dis
carded as such. The New York Times,
editorially, has been particularly un
kind in its comment. It referred to the
demand of Mr. Garner that President
Hoover issue a. denial to the “tale of
the saccharine romanticist,” and also to
the statement by Garner that if A1
Smith had been elected President and
was in the White House and such re
ports had gained publicity, impeach
ment proceedings would have been dis
cussed in the House of Representatives
before now.
“With all respect to Mr. Gamer,”
said the Times, “with whose sorrows
when the hounds of print are on states
men’s traces it is easy to sympathize,
this suggestion of impeachment is multl
tudinously *2 Mutch.’ Only the spell
ing of Artemus befits a notion so
ludicrous and grotesque. Suppose the
liberal Laklnese talk were Bible truth
and not the airy imagination it was
shown to be when the salesman was
called upon to verify his promises. What
would the President have been trying
to do? To Influence tariff legislation.
When did it become a high crime and
misdemeanor for a President to try to
Influence legislation? How many Presi.
dents have not tried, in various man
ners, to Influence Congress in particular
legislation, by much stronger and more
concrete means than advice to Congress |
and recommendation of measures?” |
** * *
The latest report from Massachu- j
setts, where a senatorial nomination !
has become a fair target for any Re
publican who wishes to enter the race,
is that former President Calvin Cool
idge has informed Republican leaders
in the State definitely that he would
not run for the Senate. The report
does not say whether he said he did
not “choose” to run for the Senate, but
that he would not run. That’s that, if
the report be true. However, there has
been a distinct belief among the former
President’s old friends that he would
not consent to run for the Senate, so
the report does not come as a surprise.
The surprise would be found only in
the event of Mr. Coolidge’s entering the
senatorial primary. There were a great
many of the former President’s friends,
however, who were intensely surprised
when he issued his famous statement
in the Black Hills of South Dakota,
saying he did not choose to run for
President in 1928.
** * *
Will the Democratic executive com
mittee of Alabama be able to stand out
against the pressure which Is being
brought to bear on it to rescind the
stand it took when it declared that
Democrats who voted against Smith
or opposed him in the presidential cam
paign may vote in the Democratic pri
maries next August, but may not be
candidates for nominations in those
primaries? Senator Hugo Black, the
colleague of Senator “Tom” Heflin, who
has been denied the right to enter the
primary as a candidate for renomlna
tlon for the Senate, has Issued a state
ment insisting that the committee ex
ceeded its authority when it sought to
set up a class of persons who could*
vote ip the Democratic primary, but
who could not offer themselves as can
didates. The law of the State, Senator
Black said, does not permit the com
mittee to do any such thing. Further
more, the attorney general of the State
and his assistants have been set to work
to ferret out the legality or lack of le
gality of the act of the committee.
Whether it is legal or not, it seems ut
terly Inconsistent to say that a man
may vote in a primary and yet not
stand for election in that primary.
Most of the members of the House from
Alabama feel, as does Senator Black,
that the committee should have taken
no such action. If the committee’s de
cision stands, the fur will fly in the
Alabama elections next year.
** * *
The Republican committee on com
mittees of the Senate, headed by Sen
ator McNary of Oregon, is to meet the
day that the Senate reassembles, ac
cording to present plans, to take action
on the many important committee va
cancies, due to deaths of Senators and
the resignation of Edge of New Jersey,
who is now Ambassador to France.
There has been an insistent demand
that Senator Robert M. la Follette of
Wisconsin, one of the “coalition” Re
publicans, be given a place on the com
mittee on finance, which handles all
tariff and revenue legislation. There
have been dire threats from the Re-,
publican Progressives if the place should
not be given to La Follette. None of
the group are now members of thv
finance committee. Ordinarily it might
be expected that the “old guard” would
not light to keep a single Progressive ,
off this committee. But Senator La
Follette is only 34 years old. It looks
as though he would be able to stay in
the Senate as long as he desires.
Eventually, under such circumstances,
he might come to be chairman of the
finance committee, for chairmanships '
go by seniority in the Senate. The i
thought of a La Follette at the head
of the finance committee doubtless
would give some of the old line Repub- <
llcans cold shivers up and down the ]
spine. The Progressives, however, are |
entitled to representation on this com- <
mlttee and the wise thing for the Re- ]
publican organization is to give it to 1 1
them. j i
sees 11
Vice President Ourtis is the recipient i
of a tomahawk, given him by the I
What do you need to know? Is there
some point about your business or per
sonal life that puzzles you? Is there
something you want to know without
delay? Submit your question to
Frederic J. Haskin, director of our
Washington Information • Bureau. He
is employed to help you. Address your
inquiry to The Evening Star Informa
tion Bureau, Frederic J, Haskin,
director, Washington, D. C., and inclose
2 cents in coin or stamps for return
Q. Has George Arliss appeared on
the screen as Disraeli before this year?
—H. L. J.
A. There was a silent version of
Disraeli, with Mr. George Arliss play
ing the title role, released a number of
years ago. It was first shown August
28, 1921.
Q. How much ticker tape is used In
Wall Street?—N. R.
A. The American Magazine says
that 4,500,000 feet of ticker tape is used
each day.
Q. How fast are messages sent by
cable? —F. E. B.
A. The newest cable has a speed of
2,500 letters a minute.
Q. When and where was the in
stallment system of buying and selling
started?—H. T.
A. The system of purchasing on the
Installment plan can be traced back to
antiquity. Crassus, a contemporary of
Julius Caesar, is said to have made a
fortune by building houses outside of
Rome and selling them on the install
ment plan. The present system is
known to have existed a century ago.
It was during the last decade that
tremendous expansion in sales and in
dustries In Installment buying occurred.
Q. What is the population of the
capital of Bolivia?—B. A.
A. Sucre is the capital of Bolivia,
but this city has a population of 16,000,
and most of the official government
business is carried on at La Paz, which
has a population of 109,000.
Q. Who painted the picture of the
Revolution that has three figures, one
playing a fife, one a drum, and one
carrying a flag?—J. C.
A. This picture, entitled “The Spirit
of ’76,” was painted by A. M. Willard.
Q. What does the word “depose”
mean which appears on some French
china? —C. G.
A. The word "depose,” used on
articles of French manufacture, means
the trade mark has been registered.
Q. What is the width of Market
street in San Francisco? How many
street car tracks does it carry?—
C. M. S.
A. Market street, San Francisco, is
76 feet in width from curb to curb, with
a 22-foot sidewalk on each side. There
are four street railway tracks on Market
Q. How many square miles are there
in the Sahara Desert? —o. O.
A. Its area is over 3,500,000 square
Q. What year was electricity first
used to light the headlights on loco
motives?—A. S.
A. Electric headlights on locomotives
were first used early in 1886.
Q. Why is the Chinese and Japa
nese dragon such an unusual-looking
creature?—E. R.
A. Maud Rex Allen says: “As known
in Japan, the conception is undoubtedly
derived from the products of the imag
ination of the early Chinese, who were
especially fond of evolving supernatural
forms by combining parts of various
Treasury’s Timely Tax Cut
Welcomed as Ray of Sunshine
Public confidence In prospects of fu
ture prosperity Is declared to have been
created by the action of the Federal
! Government in reducing taxes, effective
with the payments due in 1930. The
value of this step in stabilizing business
is emphasized, and it is also pointed out
that the reduction is justified by the
condition of the Treasury. Return sur
plus to the people is the best use that
could have been put to it in the opinion
of most commentators.
It is described by the Rock Island
Argus as "a bit of psychological ‘sun
shine,’ ” and that paper feels that “we
all need the sunshine.’’ The St. Louis
Times describes it as “in line with the
best policies designed to hold business
on an even keel.” The Baltimore Sun
sees “a certain amount of theoretical
appeal as a general proposition” in Sen
ator Couzens’ contention that “it would
be better to devote the money to public
works which would give employment to
jobless men,” but points to “the rela
tively small amount of unemployment
that could be relieved with $160,000.-
000,” and concludes that “in any event,
the general proposition advanced by
Senator Couzens does not meet the
major argument advanced in favor of
the tax cut, that it was the best avail
able gesture to improve the general
** * *
"It will serve to put more money into
business. It is assurance also that
the country is in sound condition, or
the reduction could not have been
made,” declares the Albany Evening
News, while the San Francisco
Chronicle calls the “early enactment
highly important,” pointing out that
“the public now has notice that it is
to receive a $160,000,000 dividend out
of surplus and, like every such dividend,
this one has an added value because
the participants know it is coming.”
The Fort Worth Record-Telegram states
that “in its entirety it is placing a vast
sum of money into the more individual
channels of circulation,” that it is “the
shortest route to the restoration of con
fidence,” and that “the latter is all the
country needs to begin a most auspicious
New Year of 1930.”
Its place in the “Hoover program for
restoration of public confidence in the
economic soundness of the country’s
business” is attested by the Haverhill
Gazette, and the Rochester Tlmes-
Union feels that it “should aid in the
task of stabilizing business, industry,
agriculture and employment.” The Tulsa
World, referring to other proposals for
the use of the millions of surplus, says,
“All these were good purposes, and the
country would doubtless be benefited
through any of them, but their intro
duction at the critical time of con
sideration for the tax cut was some
what confusing and a little bit unjust.”
“The Treasury Department,” accord
ing to the Charleston Evening Post,
"is probably justified in its opposition
to the Couzens proposal to make still
further reductions in Income taxes.
• * • One per cent on incomes of
individuals and corporations all along
the line is a little or a lot, according
to the income that saves it, but to
the Government itself it is a great deal.
It means a sharp curtailment in re
turns from one of the largest sources
of revenue.”
“Wisdom in Government has made
possible this diversion of funds back
to the people.” avers the Worcester
Telegram, and the Salina Journal
argues that “the lifting of this load
can be and must be passed on, in
some form, to consumers,” while the
Lincoln State Journal says: “A great
Senate pages at a dinner when the
Vice President was host to the boys.
It was given to him to use, it is
explained, in place of a gavel, when
he is presiding over the Senate. The
inference i$ that the Vice President,
with the skill of his Indian ancestors,
may bury the hatchet in the skull of
any offending Senator when occasion
arises. His predecessor, Ambassador
Charles O. Dawes, overlooked a bet
when he was the presiding officer of
the Senate.
i animals. It is essentially a serpent,
■ with horns of a deer, the head of a
• horse, eyes like a devil, neck like a
- snake, belly like that of a red worm,
> scales like those of a carp, ears like a
• cow, paws like a tiger and claws like
! an eagle. It has flamelike appendages
' on shoulders and hips. On either foot
are three, four or five claws—the im
perial dragon of China has five; that
• of Japan three.”
Q. How much cotton does a person
pi-k in a day?—G. K.
A. The amount of cotton one can
pick a day depends upon the kind of
, cotton, whether or not the field has
been picked before, the weather and a
; person’s natural speed. It is possible to
pick from 150 to 500 pounds per day.
Q. What was the play in which Rob
[ son and Crane made their last appear
ance together?—J. H. M.
i A. The last joint production of
[ Stuart Robson and W. H. Crane was
“The Henrietta,” which was first pro
duced in New York at Union Square
’ September 26,. 1887.
Q. What game bird is most easily
raised in captivity?—A. F. D.
A. More pheasants are raised by man
, than any other kind of game bird, and
probably nine-tenths or more of the
total number of pheasants reared in
; this country are ringnecks.
Q. What qualifications are necessary
; to become an Interne?—L. A. I.
A. The American Medical Assocla
tion says: “Before a student is qualified
to serve an internship in New York or
: any other State he must show comple
\ tion of his medical course. A few
schools, however, grant a certificate
upon completion of a four-year course
: and require the completion of a year’s
internship before granting the degree.
, Hospitals, of course, are at liberty to
accept such students.”
Q. How is Christmas celebrated in
Spain?—B. W.
A. A Spanish authority whom we
i have consulted says that In Spain there
! is no character similar to Santa Claus
■ On the 6th of January there is, how
ever, a flsta during which the Three
, Wise Men are supposed to offer gifts.
When Christmas eve comes in Spain,
two days’ holiday commences. At 12
o’clock, all laborers leave their work
i repair home, and dress in their best
Then the shops are all ablaze with
lights, ribbons and streamers, with
tempting fare of sweets and sausages,
with red and yellow serge to make warm
petticoats, with cymbals, drums and
zambombas. The chief sweetmeats,
peculiar to Christmas, and bought alike
by rich and poor, are the various kinds
of preserved fruits, incrusted with sugar
and the famous turrui. This last, which
is of four kinds, and may be called in
English phraseology, “almond rock,’* is
brought to your door, and buy you
must. Before the Noche-buena on
Christmas eve, one or two good deeds
must have been done by the civil and
military authorities.
Q. What words in' the English lan
guage are most frequently used?—H. H.
A. The eight words most frequently
used in English are “and, have, it, of,
the, to, will and you.”
Q. Can returning travelers bring in
S2OO worth of purchases free of duty?—
J. A. B.
A. The customs service states that
no change has been made in the SIOO
worth of importations which may be
brought in by each American tourist
coming into the United States. It has
been proposed to raise this amount to
5200, but the change has not been
■ majority of Nebraska income tax pay
i ers will have their tax reduced either
L two-thirds or one-third of the amount
s paid last year. That money will stay
s in the West,, for use here, at a t-Hne
i when it is much needed.”
** a *
! “The Federal Treasury can spare
; the money and certainly the peopleto
' whom it belongs have their own proper
use for it. Taxation beyond pubUa
. necessity is deliberate oppression,” as
• ser * B , the Chicago Daily News, with the
s conclusion that “to prevent temporary
i depression by removing unwarranted
! to demonstrate
i economic wisdom.” The Oakland
1 J,o5 u ,1 e “Figuring on the 1927
[ statistics, the latest available, the re
duction cuts personal Income taxes by
more than half for at least half of the
taxpayers, while the higher classes get
reductions from 3 to 2 per cent and
5 to 4 per cent in the normal tax, re
spectively. The corporation levy will
rpn? ed Tf e < d fr om 12 P er cent to II per
the small-salaried man who
lar £ est relief.” The Fargo
Forum also observes that “it is designed
low/’ > direct to the ‘small fel-
Promptness with which Congress
®°® m ®nded by the Kansas City
Journal-Post as responsive to “the clam
ors of taxpayers.” The Philadelphia
Evening Bulletin remarks that it “could
not profitably be used as a shuttlecock
or politics. ’ The New Orleans Morning
Tribune sees the opposition as having
no more seeming excuse than political
factionalism or partisanship.” The Lex
ington Leader says that “with lower
taxes and with a settlement of the tariff
controversy, there is no reason for even
a f'ifsht recession of the tide of proe-
P" ity - pe Syracuse Herald rebukes
any one who Imagines that there Is
any party capital in resisting a tax-re
concession of any kind in these
*? ay ® ,25 heavy tex burdens.” The Hart
thod<P^f S fl nds it “pleasant to see how
can be prompt and patriotic
when the occasion for such virtue is
beyond controversy.”
“ Ifc only unfortunate that the set
tlement of another important revenue
problem the tartff-caSSHe reS
on an equally sensible and non-partisan
basis,” suggests the Kalamazoo Gazette
k enhanced in the eyes of
h* Flint Daily Journal by the fact
that it was planned “long before Wall
Street took its dizzy nose dive." The
Dayton Daily News calls it “an excel
lent thing to do if the Treasury can
stand it,” while the New York Evening
Post emphasizes the fact that “the
promised cut matches very nearly the
increase in receipts during the last
fiscal 12 months.”
Clearing Snow Seen
As Good Investment
From the Albany Evening Hewi.
The American Automobile Association
reports that 160,000 miles of highway
?If hfhJß kept open and free from snow
this Winter in 36 Northern States. It
is estimated that the total cost of
this work will be $6,500,000, but the
association believes that for every SIOO
expended there is a return of at least
SI,OOO on the investment.
This cannot be doubted. It means
better business for all the territory
served by these roads. It means more
happiness. It enables the rural post
man and the physician to make their
i P e wer ® a Jong time awaken
ing to the necessity of keeping highways
open in Winter, but they have made
good progress within a few years. And
5, h< L, next ste P forward may be the
lighting of main highways so that
traveling by night will be as simple
and as safe as traveling by day.
Applause Is Lean Fuel.
From the Lynchburg Dally Advance.
Be sure you’re right, then go ahead.
The applause doesn’t matter, and, bee
sides, it might never oome, anyway. ,7-T

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