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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 10, 1930, Image 2

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Association Urges Capital
Be Given National Rep
Specfsl Dispatch to The Star.
CLARENDON, Va, January 10—Any
State may contest the constitutionality
of the retrocession act of 1846, by
which the territory lying south of the
Potomac River, originally part of the
District of Columbia, was ceded back
to Virginia, J. Cloyd Byars, attorney for
the Back-to-the-District Association,
told that organization in a formal re
port last night.
The association went on record as
favoring national representation for the
citizens of the District.
The repo, t of Mrs. Byars states, in
“If the Virginia Legislature, now in
session, wants to do the graceful thing
in connection with the Federal Govern
ment's celebration of the 200th anni
versary of Washington's birth, it will
cede back to the Government the little
strip of territory dedicated by Wash
ington and Jefferson and donated by a
patriotic Legislature in 1789 as a site
for the Nation’s Capital.
“From that time to 184 G Arlington
County and the City of Alexandria were
a part of the 'Federal City.’ Since the
act of retrocession, in 1846. Virginia has
been exercising a de facto authority
over this territory, by virtue of said act.
the constitutionality of which has al
ways been questioned but never passed
upon by the Supreme Court.
“The plans of the Federal Government
for the development of Washington's
metropolitan area and the parking and
beautification of thr south bank of the
Potomac from Mount Vernon to Great
Falls, including the approaches to 1 lie
Memorial Bridge, have precipitated
complications that were not anticipated
when this retrocession act was passed
•nd makes it highly important to the
county, the State of Virginia and the
National Government that the constitu
tionality of this act be determined once
and for all time. This is the chief ob
jective of the back-to-the-Dlstrict
"If, however, the present Legislature
will appoint a commission to negotiate
with the Federal authorities, looking to
a return of Arlington County to the
District, without Alexandria, we will
make no fight for the re-establishment
of the original District lines, which, if
successful, would include the City of
Alexandria and bring that, with Ar
lington County, back into the District.”
V \
JRobbt.y Suspect Linked With
Other Bank Thefts, Officers
Are Told.
While William Francis Lindsay, under j
firrest at Leesburg, Va., for the robbery
Os a bank at Hamilton, could not be
Identified today as William Hand,
alleged robber who escaped from No. 5
precinct two months ago, the cashier
of a bank at Abbottstown, Pa., declared
he was the same man who locked him
In a vault last November and escaped
with 51.115.
Inspector Albert J. Headley and Capt.
William Sanford of No. 5 precinct vis
ited Lindsay this morning in his cell
at Leesburg. Later they declared that
persistent rumors connecting the iden
tity of the young farmer with that of |
Hand were unfounded. Hand, under
arrest on robbery charges, escaped from
No. 5 precinct under mysterious cir
Wilson Bream, cashier of the State
Bank at Abbottstown. Pa., saw Lindsay
in the jail last night and made the
Identification, it was reported.
A woman clerk of a bank at Hallman.
Pa., also was reported to have looked
Lindsay over and identified him as the
man who entered that bank, about 20
miles from Abbottstown. on the same
day the Abbottstown bank was robbed,
and engaged her in conversation, leav
ing when other people approached the
Police say Lindsay is the lone bandit
who last Friday forced Theodore Reid,
cashier of the Farmers and Merchants'
Bank at Hamilton, into a vault while
he scooped up $4,300 and escaped in
an automobile. All but $270 of the
money was recovered after Lindsay's
'touisianan’s Demand for Higher
Tariff Met by Colleagues From
Rival Camps.
Br the Associated Press.
Sharply conflicting viewpoints added
■eat today to the Senate's seething con
troversy on the . igar tariff and wrapped
In obscurity any definite alignment of
votes that might be forming below the
surface turmoil of debate.
With the outcome thus cloaked In
doubt, a close watch was maintained
for any indication of what might be
expected when the time for roll-call
balloting arrives, but the best informed
of observers. Including many members
of the Senate, were reluctant to make
a prediction.
Four attitudes had become apparent
through expressions from a few Sen
ators identified witli various political
factions, but how far these could be
taken as representative of the thought
of the respective groups remained to be
revealed by the unfolding debate of the
next few days.
At the core of the controversy lay the
question of how great a duty is to be
levied against sugar imported from
Cuba. Under present law the rate Is
1.76 cents a pound, and in contrast
with this figure the House approved a
rate of 2.40 cents, and the Senate
finance committee voted for a tariff of
2.20 cents.
Senator Ransdell of Ixmisiana, a
State with a greater production of cane
sugar than any other in tire Union, led
an aggressive campaign for adoption of
the rate sponsored by tire House. He
Is a Democrat.
On the other hand. Senator Harrison
of Mississippi, a Democratic spokesman
on questions of finance and tariff, ad
vocated a continuance of the present
rate of 1.76 cents. He is llie author
of an amendment to make tins effective
and consented that the sugur schedule
be taken up only on condition that ids
proposal be made the pending question.
On the Republican side Chairman
Smoot of (tie finance committee, in
charge of the tariff bill and a spokes
man for the Old Guard Republicans,
favors the 2.20-cent rate approved by
his committee. Senator Vandenburg of
Michigan, who is identified with the
“young Republican" faction, favors the
committee rate and has asserted that
“unless adequate protection” is given
the beet sugar Industry “is dead in
Ohio, Michigan and Indiana.”
Senator Borah of Idaho, a leader in
the independent Western Republican
group, which by combining with the
Democrats effected a coalition that has
virtually controlled tariff legislation
when functioning unitedly, sees tiie
•problem as one of which Philippine su
gar imports are the basic factor.
• T
Attacks Lobby Probe |
| —|
I r \
—Harris & Ewing Photo.
_(Continued From First Page ! j
Walsh if there was anything wrong j
in that.
Receiving no reply she voiced a pro
test against the questioning.
“A committee is supposed to investi
gate something that Is bad, and the
public says anything that conies out
here is bad.” she declared.
Mrs. Jones was asked about a report ;
on a survey she had made of coiidl-
I tioiis among sugar beet workers.
Told Not to Irritate.
“Why didn't you publish it?” Senator
Blaine inquired.
"I was constantly told not to irritate
Senator Smoot,” she replied.
Referring back to Mrs. Jones’ state
ment attacking the committee, Senator
Walsh asked her if she wanted it in
cluded in the record.
"Yes.” he replied, but added: “I
may change my mind tomorrow,” and
her hearers laughed.
Walsh said he “resented very much"
her statement that the committee had
acted with any desire except to develop
the facts on both sides.”
"That was my opinion yesterday and
it was my opinion this morning," she
Just before the committee adjourned
Mrs. Jones told the Senators they had
treated her nicely.
“Your treatment of other people on
the Cuban side has made me act this
way,” she explained.
fContinued From First Page.)
that such a bill has been prepared,
that it will be very speedily intro
duced into the House, referred to the
committee on expenditures in executive
departments, which has jurisdiction of '
the subject matter, speedily reported
and speedily passed.
“Such other measures as may be
recommended for law enforcement will
be referred, whenever introduced, to the I
appropriate committees having juris
diction of the subject matter, and I
have no doubt that speedy action will
be had on them.
“11l fine, tile majority party of the
House stands firm in its support of
the President upon all measures which
he deems necessary for the proper en
forcement of all laws of the United
Representative Tilson of Connecticut,
the Republican floor leader, issued a
statement in which he said that so far
as he had been able to learn there :
was “no opposition whatever to the
transfer desired by the President.”
Tilson Surprised.
Tilson said he was surprised to learn
from the morning papers "that ?.n en
tering wedge had been driven toward a
cleavage between the President and the
House in connection with the transfer,
and added that “nothing could be !
further from the truth.”
Tilson said that for some time the 1
Senate resolution for a joint committee
to Inquire into tiie reorganization and !
concentration of the prohibition units j
in the Justice Department had been |
pending before the House rules i omm'l - |
tee. He said he had "not been inform
ed of any action by that committee, and
until such action Is taken It cannot be I
positively stated what the action will j
The center of Washington's tumultu- I
ous prohibition enforcement contro- j
versy has shifted noticeably from the '
Senate to the House. Confined very
largely through the Christmas recess
to exchanges among “dry” Senators and
officials of the Government enforcement
agencies, a heated discussion has taken
place at the opposite end of the Capi
tol lnce Congress reconvened.
There has been a vigorous denuncia
tion of Coast Guard killings and a de
fense of that service. House “wets”
have met to form a solid organization
through which to advance their cause,
and a measure lias been inlrodueed to
compel' tiie Law Enforcement Commis
sion to hold open hearings on the sub
ject of prohibition.
Snell, Speaker Ixmgworth and Repre
sentative Tilson of Connecticut, the Re
publican floor leader, are the adminis
tration leaders of tiie House and are
considered to wield a powerful Influence
over the trend of legislation there.
50 Attend Wet Meeting.
About 50 members attended tiie meet
ing of tiie House wets. An exchange of
views brought out the opinion that an
“aggressive” campaign should be waged.
Tiie election of a permanent chairman
was deferred, with indications that tiie
|>ost would go to Representative Beck of
Pennsylvania, a former solicitor gen
eral. or to Representative Llnthicum,
Democrat. Maryland. Beck had the
support of Schafer and of Representa
tive La Guardia, Republican, New York,
a leader of the anti-prohibition group.
Another development today was a
statement issued by Assistant Secretary
lowtnan that approximately half tile
Slates are giving iairly satisfactory co
operation in dry law enforcement, add
ding that in tiie other half it was spas
modic and not nil the Government
would wish. )
In urging the States to take a greater
share in enforcement Federal officials
said that if tiie Slates would look after
the minor violations it would leave Fed
eral officers free to direct their atten
tion toward tiie large producers and dis
tributors of illicit liquor.
The Treasury, through the Prohibi
tion Bureau, started u movement last
Summer to obtain better co-operation
from tiie States. Conferences were held
witli governors and prosecutors mul
they were asked to shoulder more of
the prohibition burden by trying minor
viola'ions under tiie Slule nuisance
statutes. As a result of these con
ferences, low man said, some aid was
■ being received in each State, though
in about half it was spasmodic and
. not as much as the Government would
■ like to have.
! Lowman did not name the States in
i which the co-operation had increased
or those in which the assistance was
i less than expected.
i —•— ■ -
Quake Felt in Channel.
i ST. HELIEH. Jersey. Channel Islands,
* January 10 (A’l.—A sharp earthquake
■ was felt in Jersey Island last night.
There was no damage reported.
Park Should Not Be Created
Unless Water Resources Are
Used, Council Holds.
Creation of a great public park in the
' valley of the Potomac River near Great
Falls, as proposed in the Cramton
parkway bill, now pending in the House,
should not be undertaken unless pro
vision is made for utilization of the
natural water power resources in that
region and development of a waterway
from the coal fields to the Atlantic sea
board along tiie Potomac, the American
Engineering Council declared today in
a resolution passed at a meeting at
the Mayflower Hotel.
The council also declared its opposi
tion to a plan for the parks of the
National Capital which does not include
all major elements of city planning or
which will not permit full development
1 of electric power and opening of navi
; gallon and at the same time provide
I for retention of Great Falls and all the
1 major scenic features in its vicinity.
Elimination of Waste Claimed.
“Such a park will eliminate the grave
economic waste of at least a hundred
million dollars of the public's resources
and otherwise will provide for the well
being of the District,” declared tiie re
port of the public afflairs committee,
! which was unanimously adopted. The
report included statements of the com
mittee's position on many other pend-,
ing measures, and was submitted by D.
Robert Yarnall of Philadelphia.
At the same time, a plan for devel
opment of an engineering memorial to
Geroge Washington at Great Falls, to
include restoration of the canal locks
which he built in the eighteenth cen
tury, and set up an exhibit of models
of the old canal on property to be
acquired from the Potomac Electric
Power Co., was laid before the meeting.
Tiie Cramton bill provides for the
acquisition, establishment and develop
ment of a George Washington memo
rial parkway along the Potomac from
Mount Vernon and Fort Washington
to Great Falls, and provides for ac
quisition of lands in the District of
Columbia, Maryland and Virginia requi
site to the comprehensive park, park
way and playground system of tiie
District of Columbia.
Tiie administrative board of the
council last October voted to support
tiie bill. Subsequently, however, it lias
been pointed out that if tiie bill should
be enacted as now written, the power at
Gieat Fails would be developed, if at
all, only by tiie Federal Government
and operation of any development would
oe by the Government. The council to
day adopted tiie following resolution,
designed to offset the restrictions con
tained in tiie Cramton bill:
“Whereas the attention of the
Washington Society or Engineers has
oeen drawn to the proposal to create in
the valley of the Potomac at and below
Great Falls a low-level park which will
| forever prevent the utilization of the
[ great natural resources In water power
in that region and the development of
a waterway from the coal fields to the
Atlantic seaboard, and otherwise bring
lbout grave economic loss to Washing
ton and its environs:
“Be it resolved. That the Washington
Society of Engineers Is opposed to such
a plan or to any plan for the National
Capital's parks which does not include
all major elements of city planntng. A
suitable park equally beautiful and lur
nishing more recreational facilities can
be constructed which will permit the
full development of electric power and
tiie opening of navigation, and at the
same time provide for the retention of
Great Falls and all the other major
scenic features in its vicinity. Such a
nark will eliminate the grave economic
waste of at least SIUO.OUO.OOO of the
public's resources and will otherwise
provide for the well being of the Dis
“And be it further resolved. That the
society urges the amendment of tiie
pending Cramton bill, H. R. 26, so as
to permit the development of hydro
electric power and navigation on the
Potomac, and recommends that the bill
be so amended as to Include these fea
President A. W. Berresford of the
council, who is to be succeeded by Carl
Grunsky in that post, sent tile follow-!
ing letter to President Hoover, who has 1
been active in furthering the work of 1
tiie council: “Tiie American Engineer-!
ing Council, of w hich Mr. Hoover was I
the first president, Is holding today its!
annual meeting at the Mayflower Hotel.]
“Through Mr. Hoover’s inspiration
we have progressed and at this time
we are enjoying tiie highest degree of
success in our history.
"The first act of the council was to
direct me to express our gratitude to
the President and to convey our per
sonal regard.”
Included in the report of the com
mittee on public affairs, which was
adopted by the council, was an adverse
report on the Wagner bill, pending in
the Senate, to provide for establish
ment of a national employment system.
Subcommittee Assignments to Be
Made After Personnel
Is Settled.
As soon as the Republican confer
ence approves the proposed changes on
the Senate District committee Chair
man Capper will turn his attention to
the filling of several vacancies on the
subcommittees which handle local legis
lation. Although the Republican con
ference did not finish consideration of
committee reorganization today it is
expected action will be taken tomorrow.
Senator Baird of New Jersey Ls slated
to go oil the local committee in place
of Senator Hastings of Delaware, and
unless there should be a last-minute
change. Senator-designate Robslun of
Kentucky will be assigned to the Dis
trict committee in place of former
Senator Sackett of that State.
The most important subcommittee
problem to be settled by Chairman
Capper is tiie selection of new chair
men for the police subcommittee and
the traffic subcommittee. In addition
to these two chairmanships, there are
vacancies to be filled on several other
local subcommittees, of which Sackett
and Hastings formerly were members.
It Is not likely that the new make
up of the subcommittees will be s tiled
until next week. The police subcom
mittee. of which former Senator Sackett
was chairman, lias before it llie han
dling of the investigation into District
affulrs, particularly police matters,
asked for several months ago by Senator
Blease, Democrat, of South Carolina.
Gas Kills Mother and Son.
GREEN BAY, Wls.. January 10 UP). —
Mrs. Fred Williams. 28, and her 3-year
old son, Richard, are dead and a sec
ond child. Doris, 5, is near death from
gas asphyxiation.
It was believed the deaths were caused
when Richard, playing in tiie kitchen,
climbed upon a little wagon and turned
on four burners of a new gas range.
The wagon, a. Christmas present, stood
near the stove
I Music Doesn’t Entice Flower —Suitor Invades Sweet- j
heart’s Bower.
By the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY. January 10.— Because
Maria Reyes did not come out on the
balcony to toss him the traditional
flower when he serenaded her at 5
o’clock in the morning. Juan Martinez
climbed through a window and broke
his guitar over her head.
Juan was merely following Mexican
Barrier to Debt Agreement
at Hague Expected to
Be Removed Soon.
By the Associated Pres*.
THE HAGUE, January 10.—Modifica
tion of French insistence on military
sanctions guaranteeing German repa
rations annuities led to belief today
that that formidable barrier to an
agreement here soon would be removed.
The French have not yet conceded
the demand of the Germans that the
protocol adopting the Young plan con
tain a clause similar to that in the
German-American agreement to /the
effect that the creditors rely solely on
the good faith of Germany for execu
tion of the plan.
They have, however, virtually aban
doned all claim to the right to resume
military occupation of the Rhineland
in case of default by the Germans.
They have reduced their pretentions to
a purely Juridical or arbitral solution
procedure upon declaration of a de
The question will come to a head
witli a written reply by the Germans
to the French memorandum on the
subject. There was some expectation
this reply would be couched in such
terms as to make an agreement be
tween Germany and the creditor na
tions possible.
Meanwhile the delegates continued
with their efforts to unravel other
snarls and details of application
of the Young plan. Principal among
these were matters connected with
commercialization of the uncondition- 1
al annuities and date of payment of
With the League of Nations Council
meeting only three days away and with
the London Naval Conference just
more than a week removed, it was ex- j
pected every effort would be made to
hurry matters here through to a suc
cessful conclusion.
McMaster Claims Seniority Over
Hastings Was Disregarded
in Appointment.
By tile Associated Press.
An attempt by some of the Western
independents to gain further recogni
tion in the Senate Republican organi
zation forestalled final action today by
the party's conference on the new Re- i
publican set-up for the Senate.
Senator McMaster of South Dakota !
complained at the Republican confer
ence that his seniority had been dis- 1
regarded in placing Senator Hastings
of Delaware on the interstate com
merce committee.
Senator Howell of Nebraska moved
that the new organization set-up for
the Senate organization be referred
back to tlie committee on committees
with instructions to put McMaster on
; the interstate commerce committee,
j Senator Phipps of Colorado counter-
I ed witli a motion that tile committed
i on committees be instructed to follow
I the rule of seniority in all cases, point
j ing out that this would place Senators
; Goff of West Virginia and Metcalf of
' Rhode Island on the finance committee
in the place of Senators La Follelte,
\ Wisconsin, and Thomas of Idaho.
The Republican regulars who con
ceded to the demands of the Western
, independents (hat La Follette be placed
, on tlie finance committee and who
I waived the rule of seniority to place
I Thomas of tlie “young guard" also on
, I this powerful committe'’ spoke resent
. fully of the new uprising, with Senator
, Mos s of New Hampshire doing the
Calling another party conference for
tomorrow. Senator Watson of Indiana,
tlie Republican leader, predicted that
La Follette and Thomas would be rec
ognized as members of the finance
Senator McNary of Oregon was
chosen unanimously as assistant lead
er of the party, succeeding Senator
Jones of Washington, who resigned to
become chairman of the appropriations
Os the Western independents. Sen
ators Norris and Howell. Nebraska:
Nye, North Dakota, and Norbeck and
McMaster, South Dakota, were present.
The majority of the group did not
participate in the party session. !
The general discussion of committee 1
assignments, which Senator Watson in- I
sisted did not signify a break in the |
, party’s council, consumed the hour al- |
lotted to the conference meeting. The
. convening of the Senate prevented a
vote and the meeting tomorrow then
was called.
II Miss Heaven to Conduct Course |
in Surgical Dressings.
Miss Adele Heaven, member of the !
American Red Ciws staff of Wash- j
ington, will hold a class in surgical j
dressings every Tuesday evening at 7:30 I
I in the World War Memorial Building, I
i 1730 E street. Experience Is not a !
, requisite for participation.
Prospective students should register |
with the secretary of the District of:
Columbia Chapter, American Red
, Cross, 1730 E street, or Miss Heaven, |
[ 33 Jackson place.
I FILES $50,000 CLAIM.
; James B. Fletcher. Sues Samuel
Stein, Alleging Personal Injuries.
Suit to recover $50,000 damages for
alleged personal injuries was filed today
• in the District Supreme Court by James
| B. Fletcher, 1400 Spring road, against
i Samuel Stein, 3332 Georgia avenue.
The defendant is said to own an auto-
I mobile truck which struck the plaintiff
, November 35 last at Thirteenth street
I and Spring road. Tlie plaint iff declares
. lie - suffered a concussion of tlie brain
I and other injuries. He is represented by
Attorney Claude A. Thompson,
custom when he appeared to awaken
Marla early on her saint's day to the
strains of “Las Mananitas.” and when
she refused to get up after a half hour's
singing and strumming, he became In
While the police do not interfere or
dinarily with the serenaders, they do
take a hand when the situation de
mands, for which reason Juan is now
in jail.
(Continued From First Page !
in connection with the making of the
treaty of Versailles, this ship carried
American representatives to European
All members of the American party
joined democratically lasi night in tlie
affairs of the large ship, not a single
cabin ot which is left unoccupied. Al
though provided witli a private dining
room in the suite once occupied by
President Wilson, Secretary Stimson
and Mrs. Stimson took their meals in
(he dining salon with the others. Sec
retary Adams spent much time on the
bridge, while Ambassador Morrow and
Senators Robinson and Reed circulated
about the smoking room, chatting with
fellow passengers.
Official credentials for the party were
revealed to have been sent aboard the
ship just before its sailing. These were
locked in Hie ship's safe. The docu
ment signed by President Hoover em
powers the delegates to "negotiate, con
clude and sign any treaties or conven
tions or other acts adopted by the con
Clear skies gave way to heavy fog
after a while and it became necessary
for Capt. A. B. Randall to reduce speed
and take the bridge himself for a per
sonal watch. The ship's siren frequent
ly was sounded.
London Weekly Says Americans Believe
in Examples as Argument.
LONDON, January 10 </P). —'The
Spectator, a London weekly of non
partisan affiliations but Conservative
leanings, adding its voice to the Times
and other authoritative London jour
nals, in its issue tomorrow will urge I
the British government to propose j
abolition of battleships at the forth- |
coming Naval Conference.
Admitting that American naval opin
ion places great faith in the big ships
on their merits, tlie Spectator says
President Hoover, nevertheless, has
pledged the United States to "reduce
tier naval strength in proportion to
any other country.”
'Hie Spectator said the only way to j
insure disarmament is for Great Britain i
to announce that she intends to abol-
I lsh battleships whatever the United
\ States does.
"If Great Britain would say she did
this in the name of the peace pact,
public opinion would quickly get to
work in the United States. We don't
exactly know what would happen then.
Americans think that the best argu
ment is example.”
The Japanese delegation to the naval
1 conference had another meeting with
1 Prime Minister Macdonald in Downing
! street today.
i A a on previous occasions, details of
the conversations were not divulged, but
one Japanese delegate, replying to an
inquiry, said: "Everything is going
mast satisfactory. It could not be
The Japanese will make a visit to
Chequers, the prime nimlster's country
home, tomorrow.
ROME, January 10 (A>).— Italy and '
France will go to the five-power Naval I
! Conference at London, convening Jan- j
: uary 21, with problems particular to ]
! themselves unsettled, and the lines of i
! disagreement in their viewpoints drawn
more definitely than at any time be
Publication here of the gLst of the
French note of January 3 to the Italian
government disclosed that tlie Paris
government rejected the Italian propo
sition of naval parity, a fundamental
Italian thesis for further negotiation.
It was made known that the foreign
ministry regarded the French reply as
a rupture of negotiations which have
gone on for many weeks between the
two countries. The failure, whether
momentary or permanent, gave rise to
doubt of success in this capital about
that part of the London nuval program
especially affecting France and Italy.
The official attitude generally was pes- j
There still is possibility that an
agreement may be reached when Dino ;
Grandi. Italian foreign minister, meets
Aristide Briand, French foreign min- j
ister. at the meeting of the League j
of Nations Council, at Geneva in a 1
few dajs. But the decided tone of the j
French note is taken here as preclud
ing any such settlement.
The impression in Rome since re
ceipt of the French note is that the
French idea is not in accord with the
true spirit of disarmament.
Italy proposed naval parity to France,
but left it to Fiance to name any limi
tation she saw fit. to which Italy would
adjust herself. It was slated here that ■.
Fiance, rejecting tlie Italian proposals,
once more postulated her idea that
limitation of armaments should be done
individually by different nations, who
then would agree to keep within the
limited program they themselves fixed.
Italy believes in a relative limitation
PARIS. January 10 (A*).—France Is
I unable to concede naval parity to Italy
j as a basis for negotiation of a Mediter
; ranean pact of non-agression, but offi
cial circles do not feel too much im
portance should be ascribed to the fact.
The French foreign office authorities
believe that the entire subject of sea
J strengths should be setLled from the
| standpoint of the security needs of
[ each nation. Naval parity as such is
held to be a doctrinal question of pres
tige only.
Nevertheless hope for a general pact
;of non-aggression in tlie Mediterra
' liean as a prelude to any agreement
I which the London conference may
I evolve appeared considerably dimmed
i today. It was stated, however, that
tlie situation was not hopeless and that
I away might be found out of the diffi-
I culty. ,
I It was learned here that Italy had
I frowned upon the idea of a broad treaty
I of mutual guarantees and instead had
voiced a preference for a strictly
Franco-Italian accord, without particl
i pat ion of Great Britain and Spain.
As understood here tlie Italian idea
Ls to have a two-party pact which
would include, first, a settlement of
various questions arising from the bor
ders of Tunis and Tripoli in North
Africa, and, second, a dual pact of
friendship and non-aggression covering
i the North African problem.
Breakdown of Franco-Italian nego
tiations for a preliminary agreement
was not believed to weaken chances for
success of the London conference. It
was believed that when Italy meets
Great Britain and the other naval pow
ers in the British capital she will see the
need for bringing Spain and Great
Britain into the proposed naval reduc
tion agreement.
The general discussion at London, it
is expected, probably will mollify the
Italian viewpoint.
Survivors of Bomb Outrage
Aided by Funds Collected
by The Star.
Subscriptions totaling SB7B today had
been received by the cashier of The Star
for the relief fund for the family of
John Hall of Seat Pleasant. Md„ three
of whose members were killed by the
New Year day "gift package" bomb out
The fund was sponsored by The Star
with an Initial contribution of $250, and
additional subscriptions will be received
and accredited in the columns of this
paper by the cashier of The Star.
John Hall is trying to establish his
family again in a home in Seat Pleas
ant. He has not been able to work at
his job of grave digging since the
tragedy, and the family's only source
of income Ls the sls a week earned by
Norris Hall, the eldest son, who is work
ing for a Washington gasoline firm.
It Ls a case which does not come
within tlie area served by the Com
munity Chest.
Subscriptions received by the cashier
of The Star tip to II o'clock today are
as follows:
Previously acknowledged $712.50
Cash 1.00
H. E. T : 20.00
Kinnear Class of Young Men,
Calvary Baptist Sunday School 10.00
Wm. G. Murray 2.00
May E. S 2.00
S. N 5.00
Hyattsville, Md., Independent .. 13.00
Jos. Gawler's Sons 15.00
A sympathizer 4.00
An office in the Treasury Dept... 20.00
J. F. J 2.00
Casli i.oo
Mrs. Ella Holmes 2.50
Ca.sli i .00
Cash 1.00
Cash i.oo
W. O. Ison 2.00
Betty and Billy Vetter 5.00
F. J. Y 5.00
L. H. D 5.00
Mrs. N. F 1.00
A sympathizer 1.00
Ellen T Sprague 3.00
Geo. E. Martin 10.00
G. C. F 1.00
Mrs. A. C. Tolson 5.00
M. P. Godding 5.00
E. L T.... 5.00
G. E. M 1.00
B. T. Foley 10.00
| Total $878.00
(Continued From First Page.)
[ dwelled at length on the fact that Leroy
; had studied at a Kansas City school, is
an expert automobile mechanic, and Ls
said by Herman to have dabbled in
In the meantime, M. Hampton
Magruder of Marlboro, a former State’s
attorney, chosen as chief of defense
counsel yesterday, expressed the belief
that his client was innocent and would
be found not guilty if taken to trial.
Magruder said he never would have
become associated with State Senator
Lansdale G. Sasscer and Frank M. Hall
in the defense of Leroy had he not been
certain the young mechanic was vic
tim of an injustice. He said in taking
the case, he had told other members
of the Brady family he would decline
to represent "either Herman or Leroy
if there was any foundation for their
guilt. I made a fair check-up and
feel warranted in saying that in my
judgment neither had anything to do
with this crime.”
Magruder sharply criticized the
authorities for the matter in which the
I case had been conducted. He declared
J it was “terrible" that Leroy and Her
: man had been held in jail nearly a week
| without being formally charged.
Cites Legal Possibilities.
i Pointing out he had been advised that
Herman had been promised immunity
from prosecution if he testified against
his brother, Magruder indicated he
would fight such a move. "The plan,"
he said, "seems to be to place the re
sponsibility on Leroy. Immunity from
prosecution. I am advised, has been
pledged Herman if he will give aid and
assistance in making Leroy the 'goat.'
but you know courts have something to
say about Immunity promises.”
Leroy was charged with the murder
of Herman’s wife in a warrant sworn
out by Frank P. Prince, a Prince
Georges County officer. Authorities
said warrants charging the slaying of
Mrs. Brady's brother and sister probably
would be issued later.
Holds Retail Firm Entitled to Seek
$30,000 Damages Under Anti-
Trust Act.
The retail cleaning and dyeing busi
ness is a useful calling in the com
i munity and by many it might be said
to be a necessary one, declared Justice
Frederick L. Slddons of the District Su
preme Court in a memorandum opinion
filed today in which he holds that the
Dieners Cash & Carry Cleaners. Inc.,
is entitled to prosecute its suit for
$300,000 damages against the Vogue Dry
Cleaning Co., the Atlantic Cleaners &
Dyers, the Rubef>ieiii Cleaning Co. and
officials of these companies for allaged
conspiracy in restraint of trade under
the Sherman anti-trust law.
"If what the plaintiff charges,” says
the justice, “in its declaration against
the defendants is true and the alleged
conspiracy should be carried out. it
would result in its being driven out of
the business or calling in which it is
lawfully engaged. This, it seems to the
court, is one of the evils aimed at by
the act in question, and if damages arc
suffered by the plaintiff as a result of
the alleged conspiracy, in violation of
the act. it would seem that it may seek
the remedy which the act affords."
Tlie court overruled a demurrer filed
by the defendants, in which they
claimed that the cleaning and dyeing
business does not fall within the pur
view of tlie Sherman act. The court
bases Ills opinion on the Standard
Oil case opinion in the United States
Supreme Court, and holds that the
business constitutes "trade or com
merce" within the meaning of Section
3 of the Sherman act, although admit
ting that it is a close question.
The Sherman act authorizes the col
lection of damages totaling three times
the amount of actual damage proved
to have been sustained by a business
through conspiracy on the part of its
opponents. The amount of damages, if
any, will have to be passed on by a
Chief Justice Is Expected to Go
South Next Week for a Rest.
Chief Justice Taft today was resting
very comfortably. Dr. Francis Hagner,
who is treating him at Garfield Hos
pital for bladder trouble, said he "is
getting along satisfactorily.”
Dr. Hagner added lie expected the
Chief Justice to go South tlie first of
next week for rest and recuperation.
To Help Airport
4 R fern? mik ‘ : W, t)
Former Aviation Secretary
Enlists With Board
of Trade.
i William P. MacCracken, jr„ former
i Assistant Secretary of Commerce for
i Aeronautics and one of America's fore
i most aviation figures, has joined the
i Washington Board of Trade to assist
i in the fight for a model airport here,
i He will become a member of the avla
i tion committee. .
i Mr. MacCracken, who also is secre
i tary of the American Bar Association,
i is credited with having done more foj.
i the organization and placing of Amfft
i can civil aeronautics bn a sound and
I prosperous basis than any other single
individual in the country. Under
• President Hoover, then Secretary of
Commerce, he organized the air activ
ities of the department. During his
term of office he inaugurated the rules
by which the United States regulates
flying, set up safety measures and re
quirements for pilots’ licenses and la
bored continuously for a higher stand
ard in aeronautics.
He is a close friend of Col. Charles
A. Lindbergh and helped materially
in making the flight to Paris the
■ foundation for the rejuvenation of the
; aviation industry. Because of his aero
; nautics, it is anticipated by Board of
Trade officials that his help will be
extremely valuable in the board’s fight
; to obtain an airport at Gravelly Point.!
i Other distinguished men on the or
ganization’s aviation committee include
; the immediate past chairman of the
I Interstate Commerce Commission, John
J Esch; Col A. B. Barber, former
director general of the railways of
■ Poland during the war, and at present
I manager of the transportation depart
i ment of the Chamber of Commerce
of the United States, and Lawrence
E. Williams, the chairman.
' Colored Prohibition Agent's Self-
Defense Claim Upheld
at Inquest.
A District coroner’s jury today re
; turned a verdict of justifiable homicide
following an inquest into the manner
in which William Bell, colored, met his
. death Tuesday. Bell was wounded fatal
ly by Eugene Jackson, a colored pro
l hibition agent, during a raid at 2125
Ninth street. Jackson claimed he acted
[ in self defense.
Testimony tended to show that the
, prohibition agent ordered Bell several
times to put up his hands when he
■ made a threatening motion toward his
i hip pocket, but that the latter ignored
the commands, drew’ a revolver and
; was raising it toward Jackson when
’ the agent fired two shots.
John P. Weigle and Murray C. Tay
lor, prohibition agents, who were with
Jackson, told the jury they had no
warrant to raid the place, but inas
much as they had watched a man carry
what they believed to be liquor into
the house, a warrant was not needed.
They admitted that Bell questioned
their rights to enter without a warrant.
Bell died yesterday at Freedman’s
Carl Fuhrman Swallows Contents
of Bottle When Friends Offer
Aid, Police Report.
Carl Fuhrman, 26-year-old employe
of the Department of Agriculture, room
ing in the 2600 block of Connecticut
avenue, took his own life shortly after
noon today by drinking an overdose of
According to Detective Sergt. George
Darnell, who investigated, friends had
called at Fuhrman’s room to take him
to a local hospital for treatment. While
Orie L. Hesiey of 5720 Potomac avenue
awaited. Fuhrman reached into a
closet, obtained a bottle of poison and
swallowed its contents.
Dr. E. F. Pfanner of Emergency Hos
pital pronounced him dead. John
Fuhrman, the man’s father, has been
notified of the death at Miami, Fla.,
where he is staying.
Retired Officer Won Silver Star for
Gallantry in Cuba.
Col. Hunter B. Nelson, U. S. A., re
tired, died at Los Angeles yesterday^,
according to War Department advices.
Born in Mount Pleasant. Tenn., in
March. 1869. he was graduated from
the Military Academy in 1893, served in
the Spanish War and the World War
and received a Silver Star citation for
gallantry at Santiago de Cuba July 1,
1898. He reached the grade of colonel
of Infantry and was retired at his own
request in December. 1923. He was on
special recruiting duty at los Angeles
at the tune of his death. His next of
kin is a daughter. Miss Hazel B. Nel
soin now in Los Angeles.
A. A. A. Is Sued for $1,200.
The American Automobile Associa
tion was sued today in the District Su
preme Court by Mrs. Emma Marie
Hanake, 1226 Hamilton street, to re
cover $1,200 alleged to be due on a
policy of insurance issued to her hus
band, Frank W. Hanake, who was killed
in an automobile accident near Passaic,
N. J., June 8 last. The policy was in
force at the time of her husband's
death, the widow asserts, blit the asso
ciation has neglected to pay. She is <
represented by Attorney Milton W.
C. of C. Meeting Officially
Designated as ‘‘National
Representation Night.”
Charles W. Darr of the Washington
Chamber of Commerce officially an
nounced today that the chamber's
meeting Tuesday night in the May
flower Hotel is designated "National
Representation night" and will be de
voted to discussion of the voteless
plight of the citizens of the National
This subject will be presented in
three talks by Theodore W. Noyes,
chairman of the Citizens’ Joint Com
mittee on National Representation for
the District of Columbia; Thomas P.
Littlepage, chairman of the chamber’s
committee on national representation,
and Robert N. Harper, past president of
the chamber, who for many years has
been an ardent advocate of the en
franchisement of the people of the
Since the beginning of the national
representation movement 15 years ago
it has grown to include all leading
local civic and business groups and
these groups have federated themselves
in the Citizens’ Joint Committee on
National Representation, which main
tains headquarters in The Star Build
Invitations have been extended by
the chamber to the following persons to
attend the Tuesday night meeting:
Commissioners Proctor L. Dougherty,
Sidney F. Taliaferro and William B.
Ladue, John Joy Edson, Mrs. Ellen
Spencer Mu.ssey, A. Leftwich Sinclair,
Jesse C. Suter, Ross P. Andrews, E. C.
Brandenburg, W. W. Bride, George H.
Brown, Daniel J. Callahan, Frank J.
Coleman, James E. Colllfiower, John B.
Colpoys, Mrs. Henry Grattan Doyle,
Robert V. Fleming, H. H. Glassie,
George C. Havenner, John B. Lamer,
E. J. Murphy. Theodore P, Noyes and
Gen. Anton Stephan.
Former Olympic Track Star’* Wif*
Names Corespondent in Plea
for Decree.
(From the 5:30 Edition of Yesterday’s Star.)
Robert L, Le Gendre, a lieutenant In
the Dental Corps In the Navy and
former track star, who took part in
the Olympic games several years ago,
was sued today for an absolute divorce
by Mrs. Helen M. LeGendre, 1629 New
ton street. She names a corespondent.
Through Attorney Raymond Neu
decker, the wife tells the court that she
was married in Cumberland, Md„ July
13, 1921, and w r as deserted by her hus
band September 15, 1927, she says, and
I since that time the husband has asso
ciated with other women, she avers.
Arthur H. Shanks Named Com
mander of D. C. Camp, No. 5,
at Meeting Last Night.
Arthur H. Shanks was elected com
mander of District of Columbia Camp,
No. 5, National Indian War Veterans,
last night at the monthly meeting of
that organization, held in the board
room of the District Building.
Jeremiah J. Murphy was named senior
vice commander; George C. Shurl&nd,
junior vice commander; Benjamin
Myer. chaplain; Thomas McGrath, ad
jutant: Thomas L. Clinton, quarter
master; Herman Holz, sergeant-at
arms; Eli Lidstone, color bearer, and
' Gustave A. Schrader, standard bearer.
The newly elected officers were in
stalled by District Comdr. Joshua L.
(Continued From First, Page.)
Howell and NorrLs in Nebraska. All
are dry leaders and have taken a part
m the recent dispute.
“In these States,” Schafer said, “un
der Federal prohibition, bootlegging,
drunkenness and drunken vehicle driv
ers have increased tremendously; fun
damental rights guaranteed to our peo
ple under the Constitution flagrantly
violated, lives snuffed out without due
process of law by irresponsible and
fanatical enforcement agents, the pri
vacy of life and the sanctity of the
home guaranteed under the Constitu
tion ruthlessly violated.’’
Asserting that the "unwholesome con
ditions in the country resulting from
prohibition had weakened the ’dry’
l case, he declared that ’dry’ leaders
are now endeavoring to open up an
avenue of escape from their untenable
position by attacking those charged
with enforcing the Federal prohibition
“Dr.vs” Realize Weakness.
“Statements appearing in the press,"
he continued, "indicate that the dry
crusaders realize the fact that informa
tion obtained by the Federal Crime
Commission would weaken the position
of those favoring a continuation of the
prohibition laws.
"From a modification standpoint,
open hearings by the crime commission
would be wholesome and enlightening.
The people would have a better oppor
tunity of obtaining additional first
hand statistics Indicating the general
lawlessness and disrespect for law ex
isting throughout the country today as
a result of the sumptuary dry laws.
"Certain attacks on the crime com
mission are indefensible, such as the
demand for the removal of one mem
ber who called attention to a phase of
lawlessness violating sacred rights and
liberties gauranteed to our people un
der the Constitution long before the
eighteenth amendment was ever con
ceived. * * *
Failure Inherent.
’ "The failure of prohibition is inher
ent in its principle and not due to
wrong or faulty methods of enforce
ment. So long as the American people
refuse to recognize the act of drinking
as evidence of moral guilt, prohibition
will be a failure.”
Schafer declared that Dr. Clarence
True Wilson of the Methodist Board
of Temperance and other dry leaders
demand that the prohibition law be
amended to make the buyer equally
guilty and added they insisted upon
widening the "already impassable gulf
between themselves and their God on
the drink question."
Quoting numerous passages from the
Bible on the use of wine, Schafer said
that to drys "who have more respect
for Volstead than for Divine authority,
these texts mean no more than their
religion means to God."
Address to Be Given.
“Political Science” will be the subject
of an address before the Political Study
Club Sunday afternoon at 5 o'clock at
tin* headquarters of the National Asso
ciation of Colored Women, 1114 O
street. The public is invited. There
will be a musical program.

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