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.the evening star
With Bnnday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
FRIDAY January 10, 193 C
THEODORE W. NOYES... .Editor
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to the use for repubHcatlon of ail news dls-
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ted m this paper and tlso toe 'ocal news
published herein. All rights of .lubllcntlon of
special dispatches herein are also reserved.
Legislation Is the Thing.
President Hoover’s plan for a joint
congressional committee to deal with
proposals for legislation to improve the
machinery for the enforcement of the
prohibition laws has struck a snag in
the House, where of all places it might
have been expected to have smooth
sailing. The difficulty appears to have
arisen because the Republican House
leaders fear that the creation of such
a Joint committee, actually to deal with
legislation, might tread on the toes of
the standing committees which have
had jurisdiction of prohibition matters
in the past. Professional jealousy has
been the cause of the upset of many
plans, no matter how well devised.
A* a matter of fact, so long as legisla
tion which is needed by the country
is put through Congress. It makes little
difference what committee of the Rouse
or Senate handles it, or whether It is
handled by a joint committee of the
two houses. The President’s proposal
looked to closer co-operation, perhaps,
between the two houses in the matter
of the improvement of the governmental
machinery for law enforcement than
can be had through the ordinary
channels, which provide for the con
sideration of legislative measures first
by a committee of one house and then
by a committee of the second house.
His plan also might have expedited
consideration of such measures, since
the hearings and investigations would
have been undertaken by one committee
instead of two. But, after all, the main
thing is to get the legislation. If the
plans of the House leaders are adopted
Instead of the plan of the President,
they may cause a little delay, but they
also may prevent friction in the House
and in the Senate, due to the feeling
on the part of members of the Judiciary
committees, for example, that they
should have handled the bills amending
the laws.
In the House, as in the Senate, the
sentiment is overwhelmingly “dry.” Any
recommendations for legislation to
strengthen prohibition enforcement
which the President sends to Congress
are likely to have favorable considera
tion. The Joint congressional commit
tee which was proposed by the Presi
dent, and for the creation of which the
Senate has already adopted a resolu
tion, was expected to work closely with
the President’s Law Enforcement Com
mission, which has been studying con
ditions in this country for half a year.
There is no reason, however, why the
Information obtained by that commis
sion should not be made equally availa
ble to the members of the standing
committees of the Senate and the House
which may deal with the legislative pro
posals advanced by the commission and
by the President.
The Law Enforcement Commission
has already transmitted to the Presi
dent a preliminary report, drafted by a
subcommittee, dealing with the better
enforcement of prohibition. The com
mission is expected to make further
recommendations to the President on
the same subject. It is not necessary
that the President have a Joint com
mittee of Congress to which to trans
mit these recommendations, although
that might have been a more efficient
way of dealing with them. He is at
perfect liberty to send at any time any
recommendations he may desire to
make to any committee of Congress or
to the two houses themselves. The .ift
In the House over the plan for a joint
congressional committee to receive such
recommendations on prohibition en
forcement is, after all, a small matter,
•since the opportunities for dealing with
the subject are ample.
a
Manufacture of stock tickers Is one
line of activity that prospers, regard
less of market flurries. The more
feverish the brokers’ offices, the sooner
the tickers wear out and have to be
replaced.
Parrot Fever.
Pew events are more calculated to
create waves of hysteria than the onset
of a new and mysterious epidemic. It
seems to come like a giant black demon,
hungry with blood lust, out of the
mysterious darkness that beats upon
science's little Isle of Security.
But in the case of parrot fever, or
psittccosis, which has broken out at
Annapolis, little concern seems war
ranted at present, except for the un
fortunate victims themselves. The
only warning that seems opportune is
not to handle sick parrots. Probably
it would be best not to handle any
parrots for a time and to take due
precautions in cleaning their cages.
While the available evidence is od
acure, it does not seem probable that
the malady passes from one person to
another. It appears in the past to
have been epidemic in households
rather than communities, leading to
the conclusion that all the Individuals
affected had handled the same bird.
But, in view of the comparative rara
ness of the disease the fact that
it has broken out in‘ recent months
in three widely localities—
Buenos Aires, Hamburg 1 and Annapo
lis—the wisdom of shitming parrots
hardly can be denied. V hlle it prob
ably does not pass from man to man,
it may pass from parrot to parrot in
obscure ways.
Wherever the disease has appearec
the mortality rate has been heavy. The
most widely consulted medical authoi
w
f
ity places it at from thirty-five to forty
per cent—considerably higher than this
- among elderly persons and lower among
children. The description of the medical
0 book Is rather gruesome—“like typhoid
. fever complicated by pneumonia.” Few
r deaths are believed to have resulted
_ from the psittacosis alone, but from the
r pneumonia for which it seems to serve
as the entering wedge. In this respect
it seems to follow the pattern of in
fluenza. It is, in fact, likely to be
confused with this malady. Such was
the case at first in the worst epidemic
of psittacosis yet known, which occurred
a in Paris in 1892-93, following a great
a influenza wave. Pet parrots were nu
-1 merous in the French capital at the
e time and when the differentiation was
made it was found that nearly all the
cases could be traced to households
E having these birds. The same was true
l in the later Boston outbreak, all the
victims apparently having petted some
drooping parrots in a department store.
I There seems little doubt of the cause
: in the cases of the Kalmey family at
Annapolis.
l * ’
Liberalizing Height Restrictions.
• The new Tower Building at Four
• teenth and K streets is now the tallest
: building in Washington, the tip of the
tower rising to a height of 157 feet
t, above Fourteenth street. The cornice
, of the building Is 110 feet above the
, sidewalk, with setbacks bringing the
, tenantable portion of the building to
t 130 feet. The Munsey Building, with
t the cornice 160 feet above the sidewalk,
t is the next highest building. The Press
, Building, with the cornice 140 feet
, above the sidewalk, and the New Wil
t lard Hotel, with the cornice 130 feet
, above F street, are, respectively, the
f third and fourth highest buildings in
, Washington.
; With these comparisons in mind, one
. is able to picture the commanding ap
, pearance of a tower 180 feet high, built
on the Dean tract, or Masonic Heights.
. The Commissioners have reported ad
. verscly on a proposed amendment to
, the zoning regulations which would per
, mit the construction of this 180-foot
i structure on this site.
It is true that the 180-foot height
sought would apply only to a tower, and
the objections that usually apply to high
■ office buildings in congested districts
[ would not apply to it. And the senti
mental reasons behind the project, in
addition to the fact that it could be
made architecturally attractive, are also
; to be borne In mind.
But the Commissioners have practical
reasons for turning thumbs down.
Their stand is based on fundamental
principles and these should be upheld.
In the first place, the Commissioners
f should do In all cases as they have done
in this case and consistently oppose the
expedient of obtaining special legisla
tion from Congress to break the zoning
regulations. The maximum height limit
under these regulations has been, up to
now, 110 feet, with setbacks from the
cornice that bring the tenantable por
tions of the building to 130 feet. The
Munsey Building and the New Willard
Hotel were built before the zoning
regulations became effective. In the
! case of the Press Building special legis
lation was obtained from Congress on
' the ground that the Willard Hotel
' would otherwise tend to dwarf it. The
1 building, however, does violate the in
tent of the zoning regulations.
In the case of the Tower Building, the
tower was permitted under the
authority of the Commissioners to
regulate the height and appearance of
superstructures on roofs of buildings.
In this case the pent houses, smoke
stacks, etc., were placed within the
, tower, giving It a more pleasing ap
pearance. Even then there was contro
versy over the height of the tower, the
. builders seeking to increase the height
above the 157 feet finally permitted.
But the Tower Building conforms to
1 the zoning regulations. The proposed
structure on Temple Heights would not.
The only method of obtaining special
, dispensation under the zoning act is
, to overthrow the zoning regulations by
• act of Congress, and that method is
. dangerous. The Press building, of
. course, set a precedent. But it is a
i dangerous precedent none the less. It
- should not be followed.
Writing on the height problem in
. Washington, Frederic A, Delano, in
[ 1928, emphasized the fact that the zon
ing policy In Washington, "since the
adoption of the original regulations, has
been one of continual liberalization of
, height limitation.” He devoted space
to an intelligent discussion of the dan
gers inherent in a policy of liberaliza
tion, concluding his remarks with the
t statement that “While spires and tow
. ers of moderate proportions are often
uncbjectionablc, it seems apparent in
! Washington that the dominance of the
Nation's Capitol must be preserved.”
Zoning regulations undoubtedly cramp
: individual aspirations. But the harm
done Is more than balanced by the
blanket protection to the community
as a whole, and the principle of this
protection must be preserved.
An intelligent study of business is
calling attention to the fact that a
, battleship Is a large and rather pre
, carious investment.
Edward W. Bok.
: Edward W. Bok, whose death occurred
i yesterday with startling suddenness,
gave the people of this country an ln
• spiring example of self-development,
t Bom in a foreign land, he came here
■ at the age of six years with his parents,
■ when a reversal of fortunes caused their
! migration. He was not, however, the
5 “poor immigrant” of the type that has
r figured often in stories of success in the
' | “land of opportunity.” His father was
- ! a man of high position, of education
and of culture, forced to seek a new
- start in America. Young Bok’s own
i career in the new land was not much
t different from that of the child of the
a penniless alien. He had to leave school
s at thirteen and go to work to help the
j family. He became a messenger. He
s was of the successful disposition, not
content with the Job in hand, but doing
- it thoroughly. He studied stenography,
t He was attracted to newspaper work—
s as are many American boys—and began
- to do shorthand reportorial assignments
-for the Brooklyn Eagle. That gave him
s his start. He made good as a reporter,
. and at the age of nineteen organized
i, and edited a magazine which a few
it years later he sold profitably and then
he joined the Scribner publishing house
a as an advertising writer. He made good
e at that. He organized a literary syndl
- cate. Hie success attracted the atten
THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON. D. C„ FRIDAY, JANUARY 10. 1938.
tion of Cyrus W. Curtiz, who offered#
i him the chief position on the staff of
: the Ladies Home Journal. And he
made good at that Job. Indeed, he
made so good there that he established
new records In American periodical
publication.
That is the briefest possible outline
of a career that stands out as one of the
marked examples of
Edward Bok earned every advancement
and deserved all the rewards that came
from his achievements. He was guided
by a philosophy that divided his life
Into three phases, with a definite pur
pose, early conceived. He held that a
man’s career should be devoted first to
preparation, next to achievement and
finally to work In retirement as a com
munity asset. So at a comparatively
early age he retired from the activities
of publication direction, to devote him
self to beneficial works. He sought for
means of giving advantageously from
the abundant fortune that had come to
him. He aided cultural enterprises,
philanthropic works, philosophical re
searches. A keen lover of Nature, he
dedicated to the creation of a bird
refuge and a carillon the latter years
of his life, which has been cut lamen
tably short, In the course of his most
satisfying and valuable contributions to
the welfare and the inspiration of the
people. The “singing tower,” rising
beautifully from a created park, a lovely
and significant shaft, will be Edward
Bok’s specific memorial. But other
works, started and aided by him for the
public benefit, will remain as enduring
monuments in honor of a man who
made the most and the best of the op
portunities of America.
The Senate District Committee.
Especial gratification is felt by the
citizens of the Capital that In the re
shaping of the committees of the Senate
away has been found to retain on the
District committee Senator Wesley L.
Jones of Washington, who has long been
one of its most valuable and appreciated
members and who has now advanced to
the post of chairman of the committee
on appropriations, vacated by the death
of Senator Warren. It is particularly
gratifying that Senator Jones has con
sented to continue to serve in this man
ner the Capital community in whose wel
fare he has been greatly interested for
many years. It is not to be expected
that he will be able to devote as much
time as formerly to the questions of local
legislation, now that he is charged with
the responsibilities of appropriations
chairmanship. But the Capital feels
confident that he will continue to keep
in contact with the work of the Dis
trict committee and that he will thus be
enabled to contribute helpfully to the
advancement of the local interests.
With one exception, the replacement
of Senator Hastings by Senator Baird,
the Republican personnel of the com
mittee remains intact, save for the
withdrawal of Senator Sackett, who
leaves to become Ambassador to Ger
many and who, it is expected, will be
replaced by his immediate successor In
the Senate, Mr. Robsion, now a member
of the House of Representatives, well ac
quainted with District matters. This
virtually assures the continuation of the
personnel of the committee, as few if
any changes are to be expected on the
Democratic side of the table. This is
reassuring to the local community,
which relies so heavily upon the District
committees of the two houses for un
derstanding and sympathy and helpful
co-operation in the functioning of Con
gress as the District’s Legislature.
No move Is to b" expected from Cal
vin Coolidge that would embarrass the
administration. While President, Mr.
Coolidge had troubles of his own and
learned the lesson of Intelligent sym
pathy.
Fashion says that skirts must be
longer. Interest in athletics will still
call for sports attire and leave the ex
tent of draperies largely a matter of
Individual choice.
Prohibition Is turning over a new
leaf for 1930. The only difference from
old leaves is that the suggestions on
this one are more conspicuous and em
phatic.
Enemies of young La Follette stop at
nothing. They even go so far as an
attempt to represent him to the country
as an infant prodigy.
SHOOTING STARS.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
The Message.
An icicle hangs from the roof.
Unto the windowpane comes frost.
In comfort we remain aloof.
While men in icy realms are lost.
While courage still its banner flings
Unto the fierce, unfriendly breeze.
The Frost King designs to serve and
brings
A message from the polar seas.
Those Who Serve.
“Do you aspire to become a dictator?”
“No,” answered Senator Sorghum.
“There is an oversupply of persons will
ing to dictate. The need is for experts
who can take dictation intelligently.”
Jud Tunkins says bootleggers have no
faith in their own wares. When gang
sters go after one another they use guns.
Even More Expensive Than a Night
Club!
My money had a manner strange.
I did my best to save.
It got into the stock exchange
And it would not behave.
Actual Loss.
“Did you lose any money in the stock
exchange?”
“Yes.” answered Mr. Dustin Stax.
"Millions?”
"I’m not talking about paper losses.
What worries me is the 25-cent piece I
dropped on the floor and searched for
in vain for 15 minutes.”
"Talk but little of your ancestors,”
said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown,
“unless you need them as apologies for
yourself.’’
Team Work.
The orator is coming through
In the accustomed way.
It is the politician who
Decides what he shall say.
"So many things is agin de law,” said
Uncle Eben, “dat I can’t help wonderin’
what a policeman kin do to amuse
hisself in offUcac.”
i, — m I
THIS AND THAT
i ~
[ BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL.
One of the real evils of this age is
the perpetual criticism which goes on
everywhere.
One hears it in society, in office, on
■ the street, wherever two or more get
together.
Men meet to dispute.
It is hair-trigger disputation, too;
criticism at the drop of the hat, bicker
ing for the sake of bickering.
Evidently men made a bigger dent in
their ancient courtesy than they thought
when they gave up getting up to give
women seats in street cars.
They traded politeness for the doubt
ful pleasure of letting others know
that they never agreed with them, even
when the latter were right.
•** * *
One has but to let drop a statement
about anything under the sun, in any
average group of men. to have it torn
to pieces by the assembled and assorted
experts.
Men with heavy jowls and immacu
late polka dot ties spring to the quarry
with one accord.
You are wrong on general principles.
Why?
Well, mostly because you said it.
How dare you attempt to dictate opin
ion by having one of your own?
Resentment is quick, heated, imme
diate, lasting. Let no man think, be
cause we think the opposite.
** * #
Opposite of what?
Oh, it makes not the slightest bit of
difference in the world.
Say the sky is blue, or the League
of Nations against, the ancient ideal.
In a second you discover that the
sky may appear blue to you, but in
reality it is a leaden gray.
As for the League of Nations, It is
strictly in line with the best ancient
ideals.
But tomorrow come out as the cham
pion of gray skies and squarely for
the League.
Then you will see what you get from
the eternal critics.
The sky is blue, the League would
not meet the approval of George
Washington.
So much for principle.
** * *
Utter an abstraction, it will be turned
into a personal equation.
This is one of the best little tricks
in the repertoire of the perpetual fault
finders.
Often It is a real task to find any
thing wrong with the ideas of a friend,
but in such an emergency a deft mis
understanding leads to delightful con
troversy.
Let the unhappy man, widely known
for love of wife and home, start in
merry mood to discuss the advisability
of a young man marrying a rich girl.
The whole company understands, of
course, that the discussion is in gen
eralities. No sane man would think
of intruding personalities in such a
conversation.
“If I had to do it over again.” says
the unfortunate one, “I would marry a
rich girl.”
Every one present understood thor
WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS
1
The President quite sensibly kept
himself clear of the Senate squabble
over committee vacancies, the filling of
which has been an impending problem
ever since last March, and which, after
temporizing, cajoling and threats, came
to a showdown this week. The fight of
the Old Guard to keep young Bob La
Follette off the all-powerful finance
committee collapsed when White House
support was not forthcoming. La Fol
lette’s victory is a signal triumph for
the left wing of the Republican party
and further evidence of the changing
order in the Senate. The Old Guard is
succumbing slowly but surely to the
Young Turks on the one hand and the
•sons of the wild jackasses’ on the other.
** * *
In an effort to eliminate the favorite
alibi of maritime rum runners, that
they did not hear the warning gun,
ordnance technicians are seeking to
develop the use by the Coast Guard of
a warning bomb, calculated to emit
a blast which will shatter any eardrum
within the radius of a mile. Admiral
Billard, commandant of the Coast
Guard, who has had to stand consider
able gaff since the so-called “massacre”
of the crew of the rum runner Black
Duck in Narragansett Bay by a Coast
Guard patrol during the Christmas
holidays, says the warning bomb idea
has been* germinating for many months
and is still in the experimental stage.
He is confident that in almost every
case the present warning signals are
entirely efficient, but is quite willing to
install further warning devices which
will put that issue beyond the range of
dispute.
** * *
It requires 340 pages of microscopic
type to set forth the cash account of
the secretary of the Senate for the fiscal
Sear which ended last June 30. This
rteresting booklet is just now ready.
Senate Document, No. 40. Expenses of
the vice presidential automobile, rang
ing all the way from 50 cents for a can
of solder to S7O for the chauffeur’s
overcoat, occupy six pages. The carpet
for the office of the committee on en
rolled bills cost $708.62. A lady named
Brown was paid at the rate of 1 V 2 cents
apiece for washing and ironing 13,913
towels. Just under nine million speeches
passed through the folding room, at the
rate of $1 per thousand folds. Total
disbursements for the Senate, as listed,
run a little over three million dollars.
** * *
International good will broadcasts, to
be Inaugurated by the Columbia Broad
casting System, starting with an ad
dress on the evening of January 21 by
Sir Esme Howard, the retiring British
Ambassador and dean of the Washing
ton diplomatic corps, and continuing
weekly during 1930, mark a new ad
vance in the ever-advancing march of
radio programs. High hopes are held
by the sponsors and participants that
the good will messages will be both en
tertaining and inspiring of international
confidence and understanding. Colum
bia’s short-wave transmitter, W2XE, at
New York will carry the message over
seas.
** * *
“Believe It or Not” Ripley seldom
makes mistakes, but when in a recent
cartoon he set forth that Judah P. Ben
jamin had served as Senator, Attorney
General and Secretary of War under
two American Governments, though
not himself a citizen of the United
States, it provoked incredulity and in
vestigation in Government circles here.
Secretary of Labor Davis now opines
that his own research indicates “a pro
nounced possibility of error” In Ripley’s
observations concerning the eminent
Mr. Benjamin, who was a United States
Senator from Louisiana before the Civil
War and held his other offices under
the Southern Confederacy. He was born
in the Danish West Indies, but acquired
his American citizenship when his
father was admitted to citizenship at
New Orleans in 1826. Judah P„ age 15,
was then a student at Yale University.
Natural fan tion laws then in force pro
vided that a minor if dwelling in the
United States at the time of the nat
uralization of his parent “shall be con
sidered a citizen of the U. S.”
** * *
The latest installment of the report
of the Department of Commerce sur
vey of the economic structure of New
England is just off the press, a highly
informative and illuminating document.
New England business, according to
this expert diagnosis, has suffered from
undue conservatism, from undue mod
esty in failing tp boast of its many
assets, from inherited wealth, from
stifling of business leadership and from
lack of courageous city planning. The
experts conclude, however, that funda
mentally New England is sound and
that industry there as a whole has
“adopted a policy in keeping with the
progressive spirit of the times, and
New Englanders are awakening to a
oughly that he either did not mean
what he said or did not say precisely
what he meant, and that in any event
the abstraction lay in the impossibility
of Fate working out in the same way
in the second theoretical life.
“I wouldn’t,” replies the Critic, with
a hypocritical look of self-esteem ooz
ing over his features. “I would marry
the same girl I did marry.”
Our hero is dumfounded, confused.
It had never occurred to him that any
one would so immediately attribute to
him motives which he did not possess,
or would inject personalities into mere
abstractions of conversation.
Afterward he kicked himself for a
fool, but the harm was done. Not only
had he thrown pearls in the wrong
place, but he had made the old mistake
of thinking all men courteous sports
men.
Nothing is surer than that they are
not. They do not want ideas —other
than their own—they do not like dis
cussion.
Their aim, in entering conversation,
Is not to exchange ideas, in that fair
spirit which makes talk so delightful,
but to end the debate by challenging
everything that is said by others than
themselves.
Such are the large, pompous men who
know it all. They are found in all
walks of life, here one, there one. There
is no escaping them, because if they
see you running they will run after you.
The only relief from this contentious
age is to cultivate the calm demeanor,
build up the sense of humor and avoid
discussions with such persons as are
known to be willing to dispute for the
sake of the disputation.
Remember that talk, while a gift of
the gods, Is not for use between every
one and every one. There are some
people who do not deserve this boon
because they take unfair advantages.
Let these people talk about what they
please, and do you but nod your head
pleasantly, from time to time, thus
soothing their easily Irritated bump of
self-esteem.
Keep your thoughts to yourself, for
they do not deserve to know them.
Thoughts, even the most fragile, the
mast imperfect, are too good for such
people.
♦* * *
And In all your conversing, seek
most of all to guard the real thoughts.
Real thoughts are honest thoughts.
What else can they be?
But they are dynamite.
Honest conversation is meant only
for kindred souls. If one makes a mis
take he will find himself caught up
on the Instant.
Thousands resent honest thinking,
their whole lives are devoted to fooling
themselves, first of all, and then at
tempting to browbeat others into ac
cepting their dishonesty.
Be honest only with a few.
You may shock even them, at times,
but they at least will give you credit
for being honest.
Speak to them freely, but to all these
others, who insist on perpetual con
tradictions, be as smiling, silent oysters.
Oysters smile? Surely! Just before
they are eaten.
I
conception of their advantages and
opportunities.”
** * *
Texas produced a hero in 1928, when
Bill Williams of the Lone Star State
succeeded in pushing a peanut up the
slopes of Pikes Peak to the very sum
mit, with the end of his nose. This
week another Texan put in a bid for
the Hall of Fame. His name Is Wil
liams, too. though no relation to the
peanut pusher. He has got as far as
Baltimore, en route to New York, roll
ing a hoop. To date he has come
upward of 2,100 miles, with his hoop
turning over beside him all the way.
Rolling a hoop is a simple labor, hiking
from Texas to New York is no novelty,
but it is claimed that this is the first
time on record that hoop rolling and
hiking have been combined on such a
lengthy marathon. So Texas sticks
another feather in her cap and Wash
ington wonders if the hoop roller v:i”
run for Congress.
(Copyright, 1W0.)
» —» —■<■■■ ■
Improved Chicago Seen
In New Michigois Slate
From the Grand Rapids Press.
The Chicago Tribune proposes the
formation of the State of Willigan,
combining the best features of several
States in a single “economic center” of
the Nation, and with water terminals
on Lake Erie as well as Lake Michigan.
Parts of Indiana, Ohio and Wisconsin
would be included, but Detroit would be
left out along with “that part of the
State of Michigan which includes the
bigots who put widows in jail for life
for selling a pint of whisky, while fur
nishing to depraved criminals an asylum
free from police interference.”
That would be a potent Common
wealth, but for several reasons we favor
and prefer the State of Michigois.
This State would extend an educative
and protective arm down around the
lower end of Lake Michigan and, in
stead of selfishly omitting Chicago,
would make that city and its metro
politan area an important and integral
part of the governmental unit. At least
two advantages of the State of Michigois
over the State of Willigan seem obvious:
First, gangster-ridden Chicago would
be placed under law and its depraved
criminals, instead of committing crimes
wholesale with impunity, would be laid
away in Jackson for life after four rob
beries or other major offenses—this be
ing always, of course, the central object
of our Michigan habitual criminal act.
Second, because of its new State as
sociations Chicago would necesarily
have to take new bearings and con
ceive of itself as part of the Lake Mid
dlewest, thereby divesting itself of a
number of distracting influences which
of late have drawn it from its historic
interests and aims. Chicago needs to
“swing ship" and correct its compass
for Mississippi and other deviations.
As part of Michigois it would be a
more useful, less destructive and selfish
ii fluence, and less of a problem for the
Supreme Court, for prohibition authori
ties and for nete! .boring communities
forced much against their will to serve
as periodic bases of operations by Chi
cago’s large and well nourished criminal
element. While initial objections might
be raised in Michigan against the an
nexation, there is reason to hope that
altruism would come to the top and
that the present State would be per
suaded to make the sacrifice. After all,
the saving of 3,000,000 -eople can’t be
wrong.
»• 4
Crime Era Regarded
As Shaking Faith
From the St. Louis Times.
This is an era of spasmodic and vio
lent crimes, which shake man’s faith in
self-government. There are no reins
upon those who are emotional. Men
and women both give way to the ex
pression of passion and repent at leisure.
The pedestrian nowadays is the victim
of his innocent bystanding.
Every recurrent outburst of holiday
spirit brings death in its wake. Organ
ized defiance of society snaps its fingers
Some of the wealth of commissions
we have set into activity to. find out
what is the matter with us are divided
as to causes. Some important surveys
and reports are looked for next week.
There are indications of an even more
turbulent outbreak of the factions split
over the issue of prohibition.
They will arrive at no conclusion.
The wet and the dry are still as far
from agreement as are the Poles from
touching each other.
Plenty of diplomatic work lies be
fore President Hoover in the earnest
efforts to erect the basis of real accord.
This is not well, but it is very human.
7
Humane Society Head
Plans Bird Food Fund
To the Editor of The Star:
Kindly publish this letter for the
benefit of the friends of the squirrels,
birds and pigeons In our public parks.
Having had many inquiries, I per
sonally phoned the office of the super
intendent of parks and was assured that
2,000 quarts of peanuts were provided
for the squirrels and 600 pounds of
scratch feed for the birds. Shortly
after this statement was published in
our daily papers. On Christmas eve
the ground was covered with snow and
ice. With one of our agents, Mr. Hugh
McDermott, I visited Stanton, Lincoln,
Judiciary, Pension, Franklin and La
fayette Parks, and at each interviewed
some one in charge and was told that
they were given peanuts for the squir
rels, but never any food for the birds
or pigeons. At Stanton and Lincoln
Parks we saw none, but at Franklin and
Lafayette it was a pathetic sight to see
countless pigeons and birds cuddled in
groups on the ground and benches,
waiting for their friends to feed them.
We distributed many pounds of scratch
feed and 20 pounds of peanuts in the
Capitol grounds, where there is no pro
vision made for either the birds or
squirrels.
I hope to create a fund for this pur
pose in the Humane Society that the
birds and squirrels may be fed, through
the Winter months at least, by one of
our agents.
MRS. HERBERT W. ELMORE,
President, Washington Humane Society.
Star Is Commended
For Editorial Stand
To the Editor of The Star:
I wish to express my deep apprecia
tion to The Star for its editorial of
January 3, 1930, entitled, “The Boston
Mass Meeting.’’
In my humble opinion the present
disregard for all laws, and the prohibi
tion law in particular, would never have
come to pass if there had been in our
country a few more newspapers compa
rable to The Evening Star.
HENRY S. COE.
» <
Silver From China
Floods World Market
From the Brooklyn Dally Bade.
On an average for the past few years
Mexico has produced approximately
100,000,000 ounces of silver. The pres
ent quotations are about 47 cents an
ounce, the lowest on record. Mexican
mines expect to throw several thou
sands of workers out of a job. “China,”
says Walter Palmer, a big mine owner
in Mexico, in a New York Times in
terview, "owing to her internal wars,
has thrown mountains of silver on the
market and India is buying only small
quantities. Practically all the principal
nations of the world have gone on a
gold basis, so that silver remains with
out support.” He adds:
“In the arts, while silver is still con
sumed to some extent, its use is much
lowered. Silverware is nowadays un
appreciated and uncherished as in years
gone by in the home.”
This is true, of course. It is a normal
consequence of the low value of the
metal in- terms of gold. Spoons and
forks worth intrinsically only 47 cents
an ounce are not likely to be cherished.
All small silver articles of ornament
must depend on art workmanship for
their value, not on the metal itself.
All of which considerations point to
a collapse in silver production the world
over, and are calculated to raise the
question as to the future of silver in
the world’s civilization. Mr. Palmer
would like to have Mexico, as a govern
ment, coin a fixed proportion of each
year’s product within her borders large
enough to enable mine owners to pay
mining wages. For this he finds pre
cedent in the 1918 wartime Pittman act
in the United States, to melt down
$250,000,000 of silver dollars and re
purchase silver at $1 per ounce, vir
tually stabilizing the value of silver.
He also thinks Mexico should “en
deavor to get the co-operation of
Canada and the United States and
some European countries to make a
more extensive use of silver.”
This, of course, does not mean an
attack on the gold standard. Money
has two distinct functions, first, as a
measure of value: second, as a medium
of exchange. Gold may be, perhaps
should be. the measure of value uni
versally. But anything convenient may
be the medium of exchange. Paper has
little intrinsic value. Fractional coins
have no value approaching what they
pass for. A larger use of silver dol
lars. even regarded as “token money,”
would increase the demand for the
products of the mines. And in many
parts of the world silver, which is more
convenient than gold and cleaner than
paper, is the common preference.
As for the experience of the United
States the silver dollar of 412 1 / 2 grains
of 90 per cent alloy, first coined in
1838. held its own till 1873, when it
was demonetized. For five years it was
not a legal tender, though commonly
received. It regained the legal tender
quality in 1878 through a bill vetoed
by Rutherford B. Hayes, but passed
over his veto by a vote of 46 to 19 in
the Senate and 196 to 73 in the House.
But it is noteworthy that the 1873 law
(called by Bryan the “crime of 73”)
authorized the coinage of a non-legal
tender silver dollar of 420 grains alloy,
identical in value with the "dollar mex.”
of the Far East, and intended for the
stimulation of our trade, particularly
in China. In the five years up to 1878,
when coinage was stopped, some 40,000,-
000 such dollars were minted. After
1878 for a long time we had the
anomaly of a 420-grain dollar not legal
tender and a 412'i-grain dollar good
for the payment of all debts. Possibly
the issuance of like trade dollars by
several important nations would ease
up on the silver crisis and the gold
standard would not be in the least
affected.
Recent Stock Crash
Seen Blessing to U. S.
From the Charlotte News.
One does not usually appraise a dis
aster as the purveyor of a blessing. On
the other hand, the human mind nat
urally associates any sort of reversion
as an outright and unmitigated evil,
without a possibility of virtue arising
therefrom. And yet all experience
points to the logic of remarking that
often what seems for the moment to
be a most grievous blight is in reality
a great benediction.
Hence we discover so able an organ
as the Manufacturers' Record discussing
the recent Wall Street panic as a bless
ing. It proceeds on the theory that the
orgy that has been going on for several
years in stock transactions was merely
a balloon sort of activity, and bound in
the end to work destruction upon the
country as a whole because of the un
naturalness of this form of touted
prosperity.
In the saner attitude, however, which
the mind of the people will now take
does the Record find greater reason for
naming the recent crash in stocks as a
blessing to America. In the release of
vast funds that have been tied up for
speculative purposes back into the nor
mal channels of constructive activity,
in the more conservative trend of
financing that is to follow and in the
return of the people to safer conclu
sions as to their business and economic
practices, that organ sees every sign of
a wholesome move toward a new day
In American business.
And that, to be sure, is sound gospel.
Already there is evidence that the peo
ple are facing the situation with heroic
attitudes and are becoming more and
more determined that the recent col
lapse in stock values shall not be al
lowed to send its baneful influence
trickling down through the entire struc
ture of our business and industrial
relations.
Perhaps, after all, it is a good thing
occasionally to put the hand on the
stove and get it burned rather severely.
It teaches; people that the intelligent
course for them to pursue la to stay
away entirely from the stove.
ANSWERS tO QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN.
This Is a special department devoted
solely to the handling of queries. This
paper puts at your disposal the services
of an extensive organisation in Wash
ington to serve you In any capacity that
relates to information. This Service is
free. Failure to make use of. it de
prives you of benefits to which you are
entitled. Your obligation is only 2
cents in coin or stamps inclosed with
your inquiry for direct reply. Address
The Evening Star Information Bureau,
Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washing
ton, D. C.
Q. When was Harry Lauder
knighted?—F. K. H.
A. Harry Lauder was knighted in
1919 as a result of his work in con
nection with the wounded during the
World War.
Q. What per cent of the butter con
sumed ki the United States is made
here?—W. H. M.
A. The Department of Agriculture
says that approximately 99 Vi per cent
of the butter consumed in this country
is produ'-f'd ;•.! this country. The but
ter that is imported comes mostly from
Denmark and New Zealand.
Q. In writing a will and using the
phrase, “without bond and giving her
seisin thereof,” what does seisin mean?
—F. S.
A. It is a legal term and means
possession.
Q. How large is Vatican City? Do
any people live within the area who
are not connected with the church?—
N. B. J.
A. The new papal state known as
Vatican City is about five acres in area
and embraces St. Peter's Square, includ
ing the capacious plot of ground on the
southeast side of the Vatican, with the
famous colonnades. There are about 500
regular inhabitants and there are still
at the present time many who are
not associated with the Roman Cath
olic Church. These will all eventually
remove.
Q. In the new classification for
turkey grading, which is the higher
grade, U. S. Prime or U. S. Choice?—
R. W. D.
A. The label U. S. Prime is the
higher and U. S. Choice is second.
Q. How long was the English long
bow?—C. S.
A. The English long bow was 6 feet
in length. It was developed by the
Scandinavian race and carried into
England at an early date. It was used
for exact shooting at a small target
100 feet in distance. Marks at from
150 to 300 yards used the full cast of
the bow.
Q. When will the next eclipse of the
moon be visible in the United States? —
B. L.
A. The Naval Observatory says that
there will be a partial eclipse of the
moon, visible all over the United States,
on the night of April 12-13, 1930.
Q. How large a nugget of gold has
been found?—E. C.
a. The largest nugget of gold in
the world is the Welcome Nugget,
which was found in Bakerz Hill, Bal
larat Victoria, Australia, June 11, 1858.
It weighed 2,195 troy ounces.
Q. Where can I get tide tables for
the Great Lakes?—V. O.
A. The Coast and Geodetic Survey
says that there are no tide tables avail
able, as the periodic tides in the Great
Lakes are so small that they are gen
erally masked by changes in level
brought about by winds, changes in
atmospheric pressure and river dis
charge, and, consequently, are of no
practical importance.
Q. Who won the men’s champion
ship In the National Archery Associa
tion contest?—D. S.
A. Dr. E. K. Roberts of Ventura,
Calif., won the men’s championship in
the forty-ninth annual contest of this
New Calendar Wins Friends,
But Debate Still Continues
With the beginning: of 1930 attention
is turned to the projected new calendar
which awaits the action of the principal
nations of the world. An old resolution
in Congress and an International con
ference are debated, while the advocates
of the 13-month year are encouraged
by reports that numerous business
houses of the country have put the new
form to experimental use in conducting
their affairs.
"Congress, at this session.” advises the
Buffalo Evening News, "well might con
sider the Porter resolution to provide
authority and funds for American par
ticipation in the projected international
conference at Geneva this year, to con
sider the advisability of calendar re
form. Such action of Congress would
not be definite commitment to a
change.” The Evening News suggests
that “several hundred American con
cerns now are using the reformed
calendar for business,” but that "until
all business houses adopt it, the plan
cannot be of great practical value.”
The Atlanta Constitution adds that
"such a conference, participated in by
representatives of every civilized nation
in the world, would undoubtedly crystal
lize public interest in the early substitu
tion of the 13-month calendar, or some
other more efficient instrument, for the
archaic calendar now being used.
** * *
"Some day,” predicts the San Fran
cisco Chronicle, “we will throw away
our present clumsy method of dividing
the year, this crazy quilt of ancient
Roman mythology, and substitute a
simple calendar of equal months,
with their week days falling on
the same dates. This will be a
calendar in line with modern efficiency.
The modernized calendar is bound to
come. So also is daylight saving. Neither
can be held back indefinitely, because
both are simple common sense. The
great majority of opinion favors them
now. They wait only because the
human mass is slow to translate its
opinions into action. Both will come,
and then we will marvel that we waited
so long."
"Innumerable organizations have fa
vored the change.” according to the
Duluth Herald, "the United States
Chamber of Commerce, with its power
ful business associations, heading the
list, but the inertia of habit has up to
this time prevented anything being
done.” The Butte Daily Post quotes-the
firms using this plan as “maintaining
that it makes for a better comparison of
business volume year by year. With
every month having the same number
of weeks,” continues that paper, "there
can be greater efficiency of operation as
well as greater accuracy in compiling
statistics. If business firms in consider
able numbers take to this 13-month
system, it may hasten the day of gen
eral calendar revision.”
** * *
Attesting that "this arrangement
makes bookkeeping and pay rolls sim
pler”; that “all employes will be paid
in units of 28 days’that “the pay days
will be evenly spaced and the days of
the week and days of th» business
month will correspond.” the Appleton
Post - Crescent concludes: “Business
men generally are friendly to the new
scheme and think it would be an im
provement over the present calendar—
at least for business purposes. Whether
it would serve as well for social and
religious purposes is another question.”
"Os course,” says the Providence
Journal, "no one is asked to adopt this
new calendar; in fact, no one is ex
pected to. It has been devised merely
as a commercial convenience, and it is
expected to facilitate business calcula
tions and the general routine of ac
counting. But one would imagine that
it would produce a sad confusion in all
outside transactions. Suppose, for in
stance, that a note falls due on Febru
ary 20. Even now the name of the
month is often omitted In commercial

association, which was held at Santa
Barbara. He made 90 hits In each of
two rounds, scoring 650 In the first and
658 in the second. The woman’s title
was won by Mrs. Audrey Grubbs of
Santa Monica, Calif.
Q. Where is the police college that
was dedicated over the radio not long
ago?—W. McD.
A. This school, said to be the first
of its kind in the United States, is lo*
cated at Broome and Center streets,
New York City.
Q. Is it true that most young peopls
are deserting the farms and going tc
cities?—H. R. C.
A. According to the results of a sur
vey conducted by one of the largest
mail-order houses in the United States
through its department of home eco
nomics, farm boys and girls are more
satisfied with their lot than are any
other young people in the world. Three
quarters of a million young persons re
siding on farms were questioned as to
their futura plans. Ninety-three per
cent of the girls replied that they in
tended to remain In the country and
more than 80 per cent of the boys
had made plans for careers in the rural
districts.
Q. How much does the Associated
Press spend in collecting and dissem
inating news? How large is Its staff?
E. M. G.
A. It is stated that the cost of col
lecting and distributing news fcy the
Associated Press for its 1,250 members
this year will approximate $10,000,000.
About 3,300 persons comprise the A.P.
staff.
Q. What is the population of the
United States?—H. V.
A. According to figures announced
by the National Bureau of Economic
Research, the population of the United
States on July 1, 1928, was 119,306,000.
Q. At what time did the most soldiers
carry Government Insurance?—H. T.
A. The Veterans’ Bureau says that
the largest number of policies were in
force on November 11, 1918. At thia
time there were 4,439,664.
Q. Where was Princess Marie Jose
born?—F. E.
A. The bride of Prince Humbert was
bom in Brussels, in the Palais d'Assche.
The King lived in it for nine years, says
Mrs. Larz Anderson in “The Spell of
Belgium.” Here the King’s children
were bom. During the period of Mr.
Anderson's service in Belgium the Palais
was the American legation.
Q. What country is called the Shoe
string Republic?—H. D.
A. This name is given to Chile be
cause of the length of the country in
proportion to its width.
Q. What work of importance did
James Buchanan Eads accomplish?—
W. S.
A. During the Civil War James Bu
chanan Eads constructed iron-clad
steamers and mortar boats for the
United States Government. He con
structed the great steel-arch bridge
across the Mississippi at St. Louis dur
ing the years 1867 to 1874. However,
the work upon which his reputation
principally rests was his deepening and
fixing the channel at the mouths of the
Mississippi by means of jetties, whereby
the narrowed stream was made to scour
out its channel and clear sediment out
to sea. Shortly before his death he pro
jected a scheme for a ship railway
across the Isthmus of Tehauntepee in
lieu of an isthmian canal.
Q. Where is Hell’s Kitchen In New
York City?—W. A.
A. There is no exact boundary of
Hell’s Kitchen in New York, N. Y. This
name has been applied to the section
west of Tenth avenue, between Thirty
eighth and Forty-second streets. It is
also sometimes given to the blocks a
little farther north.
notations, and it is common practice
to indicate February 20 by the figures,
2-20. But February 20, old style, will
be 2-22 by this new 1930 model calen
dar, and when we get along to the
last four weeks in the year, even the
numbers of the months will be in dis
agreement.”
** * *
The New York World also feel* that
“the new’ dates will be difficult to cor
relate with those of past years”; that
"birthdays and wedding anniversaries on
some days will be pushed forward into
a new month, and people have senti
ment about such things.” The World
points out, however: “With two minor
changes the present calendar can be
made permanent. The first change is
to call January 1 New Year day and
not give it any number. The rest of
the year would then consist of exactly
52 weeks. When leap year comes Feb
ruary 29 w’ould be called Leap Year day
and also have no number. Under this
arrangement, Christmas, the Fourth of
July and all other national holiday*
w’ould always come on the same day
of the week and Thanksgiving and elec
tion day would always come on the
same day of the month instead of vary
ing as they do now.”
As to this suggestion, the Danbury
Evening News states; “If business must
have a settled calendar, the World's
proposal seems excellent, involving no
perceptible break with tradition. It is
a 'middle-of-the-foad’ proposition, a
compromise which retains the best fea
tures of each of the old ones.”
"Unless all signs fail, it will be a long
time before the world gets beyond the
debate stage with the calendar revision,”
in the judgment of the Santa Barbara
Daily News. The Springfield (111.)
State Register comments: “For many
reasons it has been difficult to influ
ence public sentiment, in favor of the
new calendar. The average citizen
seems to be content to let well enough
alone in the matter of time reckoning,
and as the change would be a rather
radical departure from w’hat has been
in effect over so many generations, he
fails to see why it is so important at
this late date.”
Setting-Up Exercise
Theory Is Shattered
From the Savannah Morning News.
Philadelphia Ledger: Among the
earliest shattered illusions of 1930 must
be recorded the belief that setting-up
exercises make one healthy, wealthy
and wise and strong enough to carry
a lot cn a narrow margin. The shat
tering was perpetrated by more or less
unimpeachable authorities—members of
the Society of Directors of Physical
Education in Colleges, at their thirty
third annual meeting. In their opin
ion, the feeling of sweet superiority
enjoyed by the man who gets out of bed
15 minutes before he has to and goes
through various rather comic bodily
motions has hardly a leg to stand on.
So, at the beginning of this other
wise happy new year, we are called
upon to pause before the battered form
of the once noble and respected science
of calisthenics and drop a tear. The
professors did not utterly condemn this
kind of exercise. They were careful not
to indicate that they deem it actually
harmful. Thev simply listed it as a
poor twenty-ninth in a series of 30
ways to become a Gene Tunney or a
perfect 36. The Individual who makes
a point of avoiding some sort of physi
cal exercise every day will yet come
into his own.
Desperate Criminals.
From the Detroit News.
While thoughtful citizens are ponder
ing the causes of prison riots, two
yodelers are sent to Jail in Portland,
Oreg.

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