Newspaper Page Text
WETS TO RESUME GIVING TESTIMONY Four-Day Limit for Each Side in Dry Law Hearings Is Abandoned. St the Associated Press. The House judiciary committee will resume its hearings on measures to re peal the eighteenth amendment next Wednesday, with the wets still present ing their side of the argument. The plan to limit the hearings to four days for the wets, an equal period for the drys and brief rebuttal testi mony has been abandoned, so that op ponents of the dry laws may present witnesses who could not be heard in the four days that the inquiry has already been in progress. However, Representative Linthicum, Democrat, Maryland, chairman of the unofficial House wet bloc, who is In charge of the anti-prohibition side of the case, expects his testimony to be completed in one more day of hearings. Hundreds of prominent people, he says, have asked for an opportunity to appear in support of repeal measures. However, he adds, “I am afraid we will have to end our argument next Wed nesday." Dr. Church Witness. Prior to Chairman Graham of the committee declaring the recess yester day. Dr. Samuel Harden Church of Pittsburgh, president of the Carnegie Institute, appeared as a witness. Dr. Church said there is a “swelling wave of evidence on hand that, in the opinion of many millions of the American peo ple. prohibition, after 10 years of trial. Is unenforceable because It is opposed by the popular will.” The Pittsburgh educator asserted the dry law was a social and legal failure and had resulted in an increase of in temperance, corruption and crime. He charged that the Methodist Board of Temperance. Prohibition and Public Morals. Bishop James Cannon, jr„ of Virginia, the Anti-Saloon League, the Ku Klux Klan and the Lord's Day Alliance were dictating to the legislators laws to enforce prohibition. Another witness was Frederick Clark of New York and Cleveland, a leader of “the Crusaders.” as an organization of young men terms itself. He ex plained that the association's member ship is recruited from all sections of the country with the avowed purpose of bringing about the repeal of prohibi tion. As an organizer of it, Clark said the members were determined to “substitute real temperance for prohibition intem perance " He said that while “the Crusaders” was a young organization, it had more than 50.000 members and was constantly increasing. Norris Resolution Up. "The youth of America." he declared, •having fought the World War. now rises up to fight for temperance to sub stitute for the present chaotic state, a condition under which the children of those who fought in the late war, in cluding those who died in service, msy Mve and enjoy the inalienable rights ■Bar sn teed to them under the Declara tion of Independence.” Before the House group returns to its Inquiry the Senate judiciary committee will again consider Chairman Norris’ resolution for a general investigation of prohibition enforcement. Norris said late yesterday that he favored prelim inary hearings on the advisability of undertaking the investigation. The com mittee is scheduled to meet on Monday and Norris intends, to present at that time some evidence on violations of the dry laws tfca} has been sent to him. Walter K. Liggett*s testimony before the House committee that crime is ram pant in Boston was assailed late yes terday by* Representative Luee, Repub lican. Massachusetts, as a “foul and vicious libel.” He received unanimous consent to insert in the Congressional! Record the report of a Federal grand; jury that he claimed proved that none of Liggett’* charges was “capable of be- ■ mg sustained.’* Liggett's testimony also had an echo I last night in the publication of a com- I mimication forwarded to the House committee by G. D. Eaton, the editor ; of Plain Talk, a magazine for which ' Liggett writes. This had to do with charges Liggett made against Gov. Green of Michigan and four Detroit Circuit Court judges. Liggett said they attended a party at which liquor was served. Green has denied this asser tion. Eaton challenged Green’s denial with the assertion that the governor had de clined to go before the committee and be questioned. He and Liggett, he said, %ere ready to iwear to the details about the party. PURCHASE OF RAILWAY GIVEN I. C. C. APPROVAL Great Northern Pacific to Take Over Great Northern and Northern Pacific. By the Associated Press. Acquisition by the Great Northern Pacific Railway Co. of control of the Great Northern Railway and the North ern Pacific Railway was approved today by the Interstate Commerce Commission. Under the order the Chicago, Bur lington * Quincy Railroad, now owned by the two roads, but assigned by the Interstate Commerce Commis sion in its consolidation plan as head of a trunk line system of its ownT would be divorced from the unification of the two Northwest systems. SHOOK RITES ARRANGED. Funersl services for * Henry Clay i Shook. 81 years old, retired clerk of j the Bureau ot Internal Revenue, who died in Sibley Hospital yesterday fol lowing an operation, will be conducted at Murray’s, undertakers, Anacostla, this afternoon at 4 o’clock. Interment will be at Clyde, N. C., his former home. Mr. Shook resided at Oxon Hill, Md Mr. Shook retired from the Govern ment service about two years ago. He was a member of the Masons. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Clara Orimes Shook; three sons. Wood sin Shook and Walter Shook at Clyde, N. C., and B. F. Shook of Knoxville, Tenn., and one married daughter. H. OPPENHEIMER BURIED. Funeral services for Herman Oppen heimer, 84 years old. local meat mer chant for more than 60 years, who died Wednesday at the George Washington University Hospital, were held at 10 e clock this morning from the chapel of Bernard Dansansky. 3501 Fourteenth street Burial was in the Washington Hebrew Cemetery. He is survived by two sons. Max Oppenheimer and Jacob Oppenheimer of Washington. PRIZES TO BE AWARDED. The Chevy Chase Pen Women will award tonight six Evelyn S. Hawley prlaes tor the winners in an essay and a drawing contest. Three prizes of 813. 88 and 85 will be awarded lor the drawing and an equal number will be given for the best essay on “My Lile s Highest Ambition.” The presentations will be made at the Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School. A moving picture entitled “The Thief •f Bagdad” will be shown following the awarding of the prises. Plunge to Death (CL Kiij> y / %: Mr ,; mm - ||g«iM P I I i Upper: Lieut. Joseph Leon Wolfe. Lower: Lieut. William R. Ostertag. Marine flyers who were killed in a fail at Quantico yesterday. UTILITIES CONTROL BILLS ARE SHAPED Couzens Hopes to Get Meas ure Providing New Set-up Through This Session. Br the Associated Pres*. After weeks of Intensive investigation two important pieces of legislation ! looking toward Government regulation of utilities in interestate commerce are on their way to the Senate. Senator Couzens. Republican, Michi gan, who with othef members of the Senate Interstate commerce committee laid the foundation for the measures, hopes to get one of them through this session, setting up a new Federal Fower Commission in accord with President Hoover's desire. The Couzens proposal for Federal control of communications also will be pressed. i “We want complete information,” he said today, “but we hope to finish our ; investigation of the present commission I with dispatch. We shall do everything i possible to speed passage.” Two Others Contemplated. In addition, the committee contem ! plates a measure further regulating power generation and distribution and a fourth looking to railway consolida tion along lines laid down by the Inter state Commerce Commission. Because of the legislative jam behind the tariff bill, leaders hold little hope that the railway bill by Senator Fess, Republican, Ohio, will be reported in time for action by this Congress. There is some doubt also, it was indicated to day, that the second power bill will l get beyond introduction. The interstate commerce committee, however, has completed hearings on the communications bill and likely will re port it shortly after the first power measure is ready for presentation. Drafted by the Michigan Senator, the first power bill would reorganize the Power Commission to meet difficulties the present body has encountered in performing its duties. It would make the commission a body of three civilians working full time for SIO,OOO a year with full authority for employing as sistants. Little Opposition Appears. Virtually no opposition to this meas ure h*s appeared, but it is expected that some differences of opinion within the committee will arise before discus sion is completed. Over the accounting %nd engineering departments of the commission control ing permits to power companies devel oping hydro-electric power, there is dis cussion of matters of Jurisdiction. This agency’s business deals with navigable streams in which the War Department has jurisdiction, and with national I forest lands, over which the Agrieul- I ture Department has supervision. Consequently there appears to be some question how far Congress should go in creating a set-up under which the commission would act indeperd ently, through its own staff of engineers and other experts. It is recalled, how ever, that this difficulty might be han dled through control of appropriations allowed the new commission. Complaints of insufficient personnel have gone hand in hand with charges against officials throughout the Senate committee's Investigation this week. They have been expressed repeatedly by officials in published reports virtually since the commission began to function. Provisions Meet Opposition. Senator Couzens drafted the com munications measure to establish con trol of all companies dealing in inter state commerce. Bitter opposition has been presented to provisions which would place telephone and telegraph companies under Federal control, but this has been met by other witnesses, and by Senators cross-examining oppo sition representatives. Little objection has been raised to the proposal to put radio communica tion under control of the suggested commission, although it is clear that the regulation contemplated would be more thorough than that exercised by the present Radio Commission. The second power bill must have ex tensive'preparation before its drafting is completed, but work upon it already is going forward. It would accomplish with power companies, distributing, sell ing and generating, the same degree of control embodied in the communi cations measure, including supervision of rates to the consumer. ■- ♦- —• Delegates from Egypt, Syria, Turkey, Transjordanla and Palestine met re [ eently in Jerusalem to consider the lo cust menace. TfTT STAR, TVASHT?C<jTOX. P. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 199 b. QUANTICO CRASH PROBE IS OPENED Bodies of Two Victims Are Recovered From Wreckage of Planes in River. Formal inquiry to determine the cause of the double crash which yesterday cost the lives of two Marine Corps pilots at Quantico, Va., was’begun today by a board of Inquiry, which is hearing the report of witnesses of the accident. The bodies of both pilots. Lieut. Joseph Leon Wolfe of Coeburn. Va., and Lieut. William R. Ostertag of Co i lumbia, Pa., have been recovered by i grappling from the wreckage of the planes in which they were tangled after plunging into the Potomac River in a power dive at 2:30 p.m. yesterday. The two lieutenants had been flying close formation with four other plane*, divided Into two flights of three planes each. Llent. Wolfe was leader of the flight in which Lieut. Ostertag was fly ing. The formation work had been completed and the order given to break formation and land. Crash Almost Simultaneously. Lieut. Wolfe, coming down in a hurry, made a steep power dive over the river. Lieut. Ostertag did not break forms- Uen. but continued in the dive after his flight leader. Lieut. Wolfe flew headlong Into the river at high speed, Ostertag following him in almost at the same instant. Maj. Roy S. Geiger, in command of Marine Corps aviation at Quantico, said unofficially today that he is inclined to believe that Lieut. Wolfe mLsjudged his altitude above the surface of the water, which was glassy smooth, and flew in while still thinking he had sufficient altitude to pull out of the dive. Lieut. Ostertag, apparently relying on his leader to pull out in time, flew forma tion on the first plane so close that he I had no time to pull up when Lieut. i Wolfe struck the water. One of the most difficult things for a : pilot to do. It was pointed out, is to judge his altitute over perfectly smooth water, unless there are floating objects or the shore line is close enough to give a reference point. Many accidents have resulted from this cause, including a fatal crash off Alexandria last year during the speed teats of a civil trans port plane, which dove into the river channel. Planes Are Demolished. Lieuts. Wolfe and Ostertag were flying F7C-1 Curtiss Hawk single-seater fight ers. The planes were demolished. Rescue operations were begun imme diately by a detail of Marines headed by Maj. Geiger. After considerable dif ficulty a line was made fast to Lieut. Wolfe’s plane, and it was pulled to the surface, where the body of the pilot was removed. Grappling for the body of Lieut. Ostertag continued far into the night under the light of searchlights and electric flares. Recovery of the body was reported to the Navy Department early this morning. The board of inquiry, appointed last night, is composed of Col. William B. Sullivan, Maj. Louis M. Bourne and Lieut. George M. Tower, all of the Marine Corps. The board is expected to be in session all day today. The re port of its findings will be sent through the commandant of the Marine base at Quantico to the Navy Department. Lieut. Wolfe was the son of Dr. J. 1. Wolfe of Coeburn, Va. He was a grad uate of the Naval Academy at Annapo lis, Md., in the class of 1026. and was commissioned in the Marine Corps. He served a year in China, and then waa on duty at the naval air station, Pensa cola, Fla., prior to his transfet to Quan- Lieut. Ostertag graduated from the Naval Academy in 1924, but resigned after serving for a short time as alieu tenant in the Marine Corps. He re turned to his home In Columbia, Pa., where he later was commissioned in the Marine Corps Reserves. He had re turned to Quantico for a year of active duty, though remaining on a reserve basis. ‘HOOVERDEATiTPLOr REPORTED IN LETTER Mexican Student Congratulates Friend on Attempt to Slay Ortig Rubio. B y the Associated Press. MEXICO CITY, February 21.—A La Prensa dispatch from San Luis Potosi today stated that Nicolas Alcorta. a former student there who is wanted in Mexico in connection with the Investi gation into the shooting of President Ortiz Rubio, has been arrested in St. Louis, Mo. Alcorta is alleged to have sent a letter to a friend in San Lula Potosi con gratulating him on the attempt against the Presidents life and saying that plans were virtually completed for a similar attack on President Hoover. The paper said Alcorta would be re turned to Ban Luis Potosi for investiga tion in the Ortiz Rubio shooting. MRS. WILLEBRANDT PAYS $lO ON GUILTY PLEA TO SPEEDING (Continued From First aistant Attorney General, in the same tone of voice. Then Policeman William B. Hopkins, third precinct, took the witness stand and told how he arrested Mrs. Wille brandt on K street, near Nineteenth, last Friday night after pacing her ma chine for five blocks at a speed of 38 miles an hour. Mrs. Wlllebrandt was hurried from the court room to the chambers of Judge John I\ McMahon, the only Democratic judge at Police Court where she sought shelter from the photographers, while Bailiff Bernard Baruch was settling her account with the court financial clerk. The court attache took a brand-new S2O bill to the financial office and re turned two fives to Mrs. Wlllebrandt Then, while anxious photographers waited, she dropped from sight. A battery of cameras was still in front the court house a full hour after Mrs. Wlllebrandt was comfortably seated in a chair in her office in the Investment Building. Yesterday Mrs. Wlllebrandt called on Judge Given at his chambers in court and spent a half hour talking over the case with the magistrate and probably learning all about Traffic Court pro cedure. It was then that the strategy, used at court thia morning, was thought out. At one time after Mrs. Wlllebrandt was slated to appear In court last Mon day the Information papers in her case were reported as “missing” from the court flies of continued cases. A day later they were reported to be in their proper places. Cardinal Pcroai Under Operation. VATICAN CITY, February 21 (A*).— Cardinal Perosi, secretary of the Con | sistorial Congregation, today underwent an operation in an effort to combat general blood infection. » ' mA.' Women Are Barred From British Army Boxing Contests By the As«ocl«te<J Press. LONDON, February 21.—The Daily Express today said .that women henceforth would be bar red from attending boxing tour naments organized by the British Army Boxing Association. The paper said that heads of the as sociation had decided that box ing was “not an edifying spec tacle for women." LEHLBACH TO TAKE RETIREMENT BILL OFF OF CALENDAR (Continued From First Page.) stantial relief to many thousands of employes now on the retirement roll and to those who are to be retired in the near future.” "Our principal objections to this new idea i the Lehlbach bill) are the tontine feature and forfeitures,” he stated. "Ihe tontine feature or the setting aside of $1 per month by each and every employe to the fund is no little item. This item alone which the em ploye forfeits amounts to something like $4,000,000 annually, but while I shall not attempt to go into details of the bill I do wish to call attention to sec tion 4 of the bill, beginning on line 21, page 9, and closing at line 10 on page 10: “ ‘That the total annuity paid shall in no case be less than an amount equal to the average annual basic sal ary, pay or compensations, not to ex ceed $1,600 per annum, received by the employe during any five consecutive years of allowable service at the option of the employe, multiplied by the num ber of years of service, not exceeding 30 years, and divided by 40: And, pro vided further, that an employe at the time of his retirement may elect to re ceive, in lieu of the life annunity herein described, a reduced annuity of equiva lent value which shall carry with it a proviso for the return of the unpaid principal upon the annuitant's death. For the purpose of this act all periods of service shall be computed in accord ance with section 5 hereof, and the an nuity shall be fixed at the nearest mul tiple of 12.* Idea Called Undesirable. “This idea is to our minds quite ob jectionable, that is, the forfeiture op tion therein. In the first place we will say an employe retires having, say, $5,000 to his credit, or some like amount, and when the employe reaches retirement age as provided in this sec tion of the bill, and decides to take the full annuity on retirement instead of the lesser amount, what happens? This is what happens and what would &ap ! pen in many cases—the employe goes j on retirement and inside of six months he dies. All of his contribution with interest is forfeited to the fund, instead bf being returned to his family or estate as is now provided by law. There have been some tables presented with reference to the amount which would be provided, which is known as the re duced annuity, but so far as I know, the amount of that reduced annuity can only be approximated at this time, and when the matter is finally deter mined it may be far less than any esti mates submitted. There are other phases of the bill which I shall not go into as there are others who desire to be heard, but I do wish to call attention to the benefits and protection of the employes under the present law and as proposed in the Dale-Lehlbach bill— that is to say, employes are fully pro tected with regard to their contribu tions, which are returned to them, or to their estate in case of death, with interest compounded—and to my mind this is a very important phase of th ; law, and thousands of employes looU upon this as a life-saver—something in the form of a nest egg or saving as it might be called—even though they may never receive other benefits from the law. Many die a short time after re tiring. and if they have elected to take the full annuity all their deductions with interest are forfeited under the new bill.” John M. Klir.e, president, and George G. Hoover, secretary of the National Association of Retired Federal Em ployes. urged the committee on behalf of 7,000 retired employes to report the Dale bill. The retired employes are most interested in immediate relief, Kline said, adding that his organiza tion felt that increased annuities might better be had under the Dale bill. Letters Read .Into Record. Hoover, who also is editor of the association's publication, the Annuitant, read into the record letters from several retired employes, in which they de scribed impoverished conditions of liv ing. Some of the writers advised him they were being paid $22, $22.60 and $37 a month by the Government, and complained that while they could buy food and pay rent, they were unable to provide clothing or shoes. Commenting on the condition of high-salaried employes, and referring to one witness before the committee, a young man in the biological research division of the Agriculture Department, who testified earlier in the week that he received $5,600 a year, Hoover told the committee that at the present rate of relief to the retired the grandchildren of the high-salaried employes would be establishing banks before the desti tute men and women could buy shoes. Another objection to the Lehlbach bill, he said, was that it would tend now to “muddy the legislative waters." “When we read that the House could adjourn in a month if it were not for the tariff.” he said, “it is beyond our finite minds to understand how the Congress would consider a controversial measure such as this when it would take a month to have the committee prints studied and acted on, not to mention getting the two Houses to gether on the bill.” Mrs. Margaret Hopkins Worrell, presi dent of the League of the American Civil Service, whose membership is made up of employes In the lower and middle grade salary groups, also urged the committee to report the Dale bill. Obscure Wording Claimed. “Three bills have been introduced in Congress,” said Mrs. Worrell. “They are the Dale bill, the La Ouardla bill and the Lehlbach bill. The provisions of the Dale bill and the La Guardia bill need no explanation, as they fol low the policy laid down by the Govern ment and provide benefits to be reaped at once The Lehlbach bill is an in surance bill instead of a retirement bill. Its wording is obscure and its interpre tation is susceptible of intrigue, while its benefits are largely for future gen erations and high-salaried employes.” Mrs. Worrell said that if it is the “de sire of Congress and our President to liberalize the retirement act, as Mr. Lehlbach says it is,” then Congress should enact the La Guardia bill, which provides a minimum annuity of $366 and a maximum of $1,500, with op tional retirement at 60 years of age after 30 years' service, and other lib eralising features. But, all things considered and espe cially in view of the legislative situa tion, Mrs. Worrell asked the committee to report favorably the Dale bill, al ready passed by the Senate. Failure of the committee to report the Dale bill, she held, will result in no action at this session of Congress. Mrs. Worrell Tead into the committee record a telegram she said she had re ceived from the United States Employes’ Association of San Francisco urging en actment of the Dale bill. The telegram concluded with the expression, “Luther Steward playing heads of departments as usual.” The committee laughed, as did Stew ard, who, as president of the National , Federation of Federal Employes, is sup porting the Lehlbach bill. NEW PARIS CABINET IS PROMISED TODAY Chautemps Fills Main Posts, but Tardieu’s Party Re fuses Support. By the Associated Press. PARIS, February 21.—Camille Chau temps, French premier-designate, after completing a tentative cabinet, ran into difficulty today and at noon asked Pres ident Gaston Doumergue to give him more time. The radical Socialist president never theless told M. Doumergue that he was quite confident he could arrange mat ters. He promised to report with a cabinet list late this afternoon. A full cabinet had been formed, with the exception of a few of the under secretarial positions, but the apple cart v,a. upset by retiring Premier Tardieu’s party, the “Republicans of the Left,” who refused to support the projected new government by a vote of 26 to 3. Their action, which was taken at a party caucus this forenoon, eliminated three of the projected cabinet—Francois Pietri, minister of colonies; Pierre Eti enne Flandin, minister of commerce, and M. Ricalfl, minister of pensions. The premier-designate, therefore, had to make some last-minute switches. He went to the Elysee Palace at noc . and spent a half hour with the President, announcing as ?rward that. he would have a cabinet formed la,er in the day. There was widespread prediction that while he probably would present a min istry to President Doumergue during the day it would last only long enough to be voted down in the Chamber of Deputies when the ministerial declarations are read. The complete tentative cabinet fol lows: Premier and minister of interior, Camille Chautemps; foreign affairs, Aristide Brland; Justice, Jules Steeg; marine, Alber- Sarraut; war, Rene Bes nard; labor, Louis Loucheur; finances, Charles Dumont or M. Lamoureaux; education. Edouard Daladler; commerce, Pierre Etienne Flandin; public works, Jean Durand; agriculture, M. Queille; colonies, Francois Pietri; merchant ma rine, M. Danielou; post. Georges Bon net; air, M. Laurent-Eynac; M. Ricolfi. Undersecretaries announced by M. Chautemps are: In the premier's office, Aimc Berthod; interior, M. Cathala; war, M. Barety; marine, M. I-aganon; finance. M. de Chappe d*Elaine; colonies, M. Archim baud; health, M. Marchandeau. Physical education, agriculture and fine arts will be filled later. ■ • —■ HOOVER BELIEVED FIRM IN RESOLVE TO NAME CROSBY < Continued From First Page.) Washington Chamber of Commerce; Mark Lansburgh, president of the Merchants and Manufacturers' Associ ation; John B. Colpoys, representing the Central Labor Union; Barnum A. Levitan of the Columbia Heights Busi ness Men's Association, and H. M. Welsh of the Georgia Avenue Business Men’s Association. Text as Letter. The text of the letter follows; “The President, the White House, Washington, D. C. “Dear Mr. President: “The civic and trade organizations of the District of Columbia listed below de sire to express to you their deep gratitude and sincere appreciation of the interest you have taken in the development and government of the City of Washington, and to thank you for your efforts, as noted in the press of this city, to se lect from among its ablest citizens Commissioners for the District of Co lumbia. “It is with deep regret, however, we note press reports to the effect that you have tendered the appointment as one of the civilian Commissioners of the District of Columbia to a majdr general of the United States Army. "We most respectively call to your attention the organic act of June 11, Is7B, providing for a Board of Commis sioners, one of whom shall be an Engi [ neer officer of the United States Army, and the other two of whom shall be appointed from civil life, with the qualifications set out in the act, and in that connection call to your attention the numerous court decisions which we feel bear out this contention, namely: That a member of the military arm of the service of the United States is not eligible for appointment as a Commis sioner of the District of Columbia from civil life and this status is not changed by his retirement from the service. "We believe the letter and spirit of the organic act that requires two per sons to be appointed from civil life should not be set aside. “Please be advised that this com munication is not in any way to be deemed as a reflection upon the char acter and ability of the Army officer whose name has been suggested in the press, nor upon any other officer in the United States military service. “In view of the foregoing, may we earn-stly urge that you appoint-to the positions of civilian Commissioners of the District of Columbia bona fide resi dents who can legally qualify, with full confidence that you will grant our request.” Kramer Calls at White House. Harry C. Kramer, a retired lawyer, who has been living in Washington for several years, and who was reported as being under consideration by the President for appointment as Commis sioner, called at the White House to day Mr. Kramer’s name had been suggested at the White House early in February by Representative Wolverton of New Jersey. Mr. Kramer did not see the President today, but one of the latter’s secretaries informed him that he had reason to know that he was not being considered for the place. Mr. Kramer said that he was not a candidate, although some of his friends. Representative Wolverton being among them, had attempted to prevail upon him to accept the place in the event it were offered. Mr. Kramer said he was anxious to have it understood that he was not seeking this appointment and that he much preferred to remain in private life. NOTED AUTO RACER DIES ALONE IN CRASH Body of Han Who Was Second in Pikes Peak Test Found Badly Crushed. Mr thcAsioelsUa Press. LITTLETON, Col., February 21.—The mysterious crash of his speeding racing par brought death to Joe Unser, auto racer who for the past four years in succession drove his machine to second place in the annual Pikes Peak auto race. Unser died at a hospital here last night four hours after he was found, unconscious and badly crushed, at the wheel of his car, which stood upright beside the highway near a railroad underpass south of here. WAR BAN IS SEEN IN FOREIGN TRADE ___ ■ Sir Esme, at New York Din ner, Says U. S. Friendship With Britain Grows. Special Dispatch to The Star. NEW YORK, February 21.—After a vivid description of the changes that had come over Anglo-American relations I in the last 35 years, Sir Esme Howard, retiring British Ambassador to the United States, declared last night that considerations of overseas trade were the surest guarantee against war be tween the two countries. He spoke at a farewell dinner given in his honor at the Plaza by the Pilgrims of the United States. War between any two countries, he suggested, was fomented largely by the secretaries of state and “a baker's dozen of the most belligerent journal ists” on either side. The basis of his belief that even closer friendship would grow between the United States and Great Britain lay in the abandonment of the English attitude of Indifference toward and ignorance of the United States, and in the fact that twistin; the lion's tail was no longer a popular I pastime here, even during presidential elections. Scoffs Idea of War. He scouted the Idea that the two nations would fin peril by war a foreign trade amounting to nearly $20,000,000,- 000 annually, and points out that the disastrous economic results of the loss of that trade would far outmeasure any possible economic or territorial gain. Sir Esme said that when he first vis ited the United States. 35 years ago, he found hospitality and friendliness for the individual Englishman, but an open and undisguised suspicion of England and everything British. On the other hand, to the ordinary British politician, diplomat and journalist of that time the United States ras as far off as Mars and the general attitude toward the United States was one of "complete Ig norance and incredible lack of interest.” This attitude was well summed up. Sir Esme said, in a remark in a letter from Sir Arthur Hardlnge to Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, who had applied for an exchange to Washington, that the Unit ed States was "so off the line.” “That was a distinctly dangerous sit uation,” Sir Esme said, "but it has ma terially changed in the last 15 years, owing, I think, largely to the great war. That terrible earthquake shook us up together as perhaps nothing else , could have done.” "Then the settlement of Ireland and the funding of the British war debt contributed not a little to improve the sentiments of most Americans toward my country,” Sir Esme said. "I be came aware of this improvement when I first arrived here as Ambassador. It was just one of those imponderable elements of political life which one breathes with the air. I remember mentioning my belief fn the general improvement in our relations to a most distinguished American at the height of the controversy over the Geneva naval conference of unhallowed memory and saying that I did not for that reason regard the aftermath of that confer ence as so serious as. many newspaper writers seemed to think. He smiled and said, ‘I believe you are right. I re member my old grandfather never had a good word to say for the British.’ ” After pointing out the direct de pendence of the two countries on each other’s exports and Imports, Sir Esme went into the possible grounds of con flict, declaring that industrial competi tion and the struggle for foreign mar kets were "simply fantastic” as grounds for war. "What other grounds for conflict ex ist?” Sir Esme asked. “Does any one in this country believe that Great Brit ain has any hankering for territories of this country? If he does, he is qual ifying for thq nearest lunatic asylum.” Doubts Sea Rights Are an Issue. Sir Esme was not prepared to grant that neutral rights at sea could be a war issue, and insisted that "other pressure would be sufficient to make belligerents desist from improper Inter ference with American sea-borne trade.” i Sir Esme commended his successor, i Sir Ronald Lindsay, to the good graces of hls audience, as once who also had sat at the feet of Viscount Bryce. Sir Esme and Lady Isabella Howard , sail for England Saturday morning on the Majestic. TREADWAY ASSAILS TARIFF COALITION AS TRADE FACTOR <Continued From First Page.) article, and I had about six copies of it run off In my office to show to some of my colleagues.” Grundy spent many months In Wash ington advocating a high tariff before ■ his appointment to the Senate. He was outspoken in hls opposition to rates being written into the measure by the coalition. "Os course,” said Senator Harrison, “we have tried in every way to get from the leaders here the views of the President on the rates in the tariff bill as it was received from the House and from the Senate finance committee. They have told us they didn’t know. "It would seem from this article that there are people who are closer to the President than the senior Sen ator from Utah, Mr. Smoot, the chair man of the finance committee.” Highest Farm Schedule. The Senate yesterday completed its deliberations on the agricultural rates and made sure that the measure to be sent to the House will carry the high est schedule in history on the products of the farmer. The Senate's farm schedule, as a whole, hands back to the House a considerable Increase over the latter body’s recommendations. Against cautioning advice of Sen ators Harrison, Democrat, of Mississip pi, and Blaine, Republican Independ ent, Wisconsin, that the administra tion’s opposition to the debenture might gain weight If higher levies, which obviously were unjustified, were added to the bill, the Senate yesterday made seven additional Increases In farm rates, but turned down four recom mended increases. Increases included almond rates, 5Vi cents a pound on unshelled, against the present duty of 4% cents; 16Vi cents on shelled, against 14 cents; It'/a cents on preserved almonda and sub stitutes, against 35 per cent ad valorem, and 18 cents on almond paste, against 14 cents: vegetable oil and oil cake meal of all kinds, now on free list, given rate of three-tenths of a cent a pound; mustard seed, raised from 1 to 3 cents a pound; alslke clover seed, from 4 to 8 cents; crimson clover seed, from 1 to 2 cents; sweet clover, from 2 to 4 cents, and crude horseradish, from the free list to 3 cents a pound. Bread Duty Proposal Scored. The brakes to the rate boosting were applied most effectively when an amendment of Senator Frasier, Re publican independent, of North Dakota,, proposing a duty on bread, now on the free list, came up. Said Senator Walsh, Democrat, of Massachusetts: “I never thought that I would see a tariff seriously proposed on bread, the staff of life. It shows how mad and drunk we have become. Isn’t there any limit to our greed?— to put a tax even on the crumbs for the poor.” The proposal was not pushed. The tariff bill as it now stands car ries higher rates on many forms of agricultural products—dairy, cattle, grain, fruits, vegetables, fish, nuts, poultry, horticulture and seeds. HOOVER TO WITNESS WASHINGTON EVENTS TO BE IN ALEXANDRIA <Continued From First Page.) Columbia Society Sons of the American | Revolution and the Sons of the Revo lution in the District of Columbia, who will meet jointly for anniversary ex ercises at 10 o'clock in Memorial Con tinental Hall, with the Daughters of the American Revolution and Children of the American Revolution also par ticipating in the program. This is the first joint observance by these organ izations since 1924. Another meeting of more than usual i interest will be the annual session of the j Washington National Monument Asso ! ciation at the annual session in the j Metropolitan Club at 12:30 o’clock. ! President Hoover is the president ex ! officio of the society. Justice Willis Van ; Devanter of the United States Supreme I Court, as the first vice president, will preside. There will be no formal ad dress and the business of the meeting is to elect officers. The city will be in holiday attire to morrow with all Oovernment depart ments closed and most of the business life of the Capital at a standstill. Be cause the anniversary comes on a Satur day, when the public schools are closed anyway, no additional holiday will be granted to Washington’s younger popu lation. During the week, as conditions permit, exercises in honor of the Pirst President's birthday have been con ducted in the various schools of the city. Senator Fess to Speak. Senator Simeon D. Fess of Ohio will make the principal address at the exercises in Memorial Continental Hall and a letter from Sir Esme Howard, the British Ambassador who left Washing ton Wednesday on his return homeward, has sent a letter to be read. Dr. Edmund A. Walsh, S. J., vice president of Georgetown University and regent of the School of Foreign Service, will de liver the benediction. Music will be furnished by the United States Marine Band. Commissioner Proctor L. Dougherty will conclude the greetings, in which presidents and vice presidents of the four patriotic organisations will join. Rev, James Shera Montgomery, chap lain of the House of Representatives, will give the invocation. The exercises will include the massing of the colors, supervised by C. V. Lati mer of the Sons of the American Revo lution, with Minute Men constituting the guard of honor. Before senator Fess speaks, two gold medal winners in recent historical con tests will be announced. Murray Bern hardt of Eastern High School will re ceive a medal for the best essay on Contribution of Massachusetts to War of Revolution.” It will be presented by Representative Edith N. Rogers of Mas sachusetts on behalf of the Sons of the Revolution. The second medal will be awarded to Miss Elisabeth Drewry of George Washington University for the best essay on American history. It will be presented on behalf of the local Daughters of the American Revolution by Mrs. David D. Caldwell. Tickets Will Not Be Needed. The public is invited by the organi zation to attend this patriotic observ ance. Tickets will not be necessary for admission. After the joint meeting the Sons of the American Revolution will hold its annual meeting and election of ofll- Thf 1)16 Mayflower Hotel at noon. The sole nominee for president Is Wil liam Knowles Cooper, former secretary general of the Y. M. C. A. * The Association of Oldest Inhabitants, a ,!r ys m “ rk Washing tons blrhtday, will conduct special ex rhi?*?h in . the Western Presbyterian Church, following a business session J 1 JO: 30 oc:lock. Members are in vited to bring their families to hear an address by Representative Henry Allen Cooper of Wisconsin. There will also be reminiscences of Washington by other members of the association. .While various societies throughout the city will be conducting their Individual programs during the day, wreaths and floral pieces will be placed in their i names at the base of the Washington Monument, following the annual cere mony at the Monument in the morning. Lieut. Col. U. S. Grant, 3d, director of public buildings and public parks of the National Capital, is in charge of these arrangements. Col. Grant’s office will place a wreath at the base of the Monument and others will be received up to noon from the various patriotic, fraternal and civic organizations whieh make this tribute an annual custom. The Monument is to be open to visitors from noon until 4 o’clock. A feature of the morning exercises, Col. Grant announced, will be the raising of 43 flags representing the States of the Union, on poles surrounding the Monument. Although Government departments will be closed in observance of the na tional holiday, the central building of the Public Library, at Eighth and K streets, will be open from 2 to 6 o'clock. Branches and subbranches will be closed tomorrow and Sunday, although the central building will open Sunday for reference work only from 2 to 6 o'clock. Sunday School Program. The Vaughn Class of Calvary Baptist Sunday school will celebrate Washing ton’s birthday Sunday evening, at 3:30 | o'clock, in its auditorium, and a patri otic observance also has been arranged for laymen of the Brotherhood of the , Washington Hebrew Congregation at 3 ; o'clock that evening. George Washington’s birthday will be celebrated tomorrow night by American [ University College of Liberal Arts with . a special celebration dinner and dance at the college dining room. A com i mittee of students, headed by Miss ' Betty Jacoby, is in charge of arrange ments. ■• » FIVE RADIO BOARD j NOMINEES APPROVED l " Committee Votes Separately on Each —Couzens to Seek Con firmation on Floor Today. By the Associated Prsss. The nominations of the five members of the Federal Radio Commission were approved today by the Senate interstate commerce committee, after a separate vote on each nominee. Chairman Couzens, Republican, Mich igan. declined to give the record votes of the committee, although he asserted there was “a substantial majority” for each nominee. The following members were absent: Howell, Republican, Nebraska; Brook hart, Republican, Iowa: Smith, Demo crat, South Carolina; Pittman, Demo crat, Nevada; Hawes, Democrat, Mis souri, and Tydings, Democrat, Mary land. Couzens then announced he would make an effort to bring the nomina tions to the floor for confirmation to day. Members of the Radio Commission, with their terms, follow: Ira S. Robinson, West Virginia, two years; Harold A. Lafount, Utah, five years; Eugene O. Skyes, Mississippi, three years; Charles McK. Saltsman, lowa, six years; William D. L. Star buck, Connecticut, four years. Oil Ship Buna Aground. NEW ORLEANS. La.. February 31 (A*).—The Standard Oil tanked Worth ington, inbound from Mexico with a cargo of oil for the company’s refinery at Baton Rouge, went aground today on the seaward end of the west jetty in South Pass, at the mouth of the Mississippi River. BILL INTRODUCED TO BUY Ml VERNON Representative Treadway Wants Government to Own National Shrine. Acquisition of Mount Vernon, the home and tomb of George Washington, by the Federal Government Is directed under a bill introduced in the House today by Representative Allen T. Tread way. Republican, of Massachusetts, who desires that the gates of this greau American shrine shall be thrown open free to the public for the celebration of the 200th anniversary of Washington s birth In 1932. This legislation proposes that the di rector of public buildings and public parks of the National Capita), who hap pens to be Lieut. Col. U. S. Grant, 3d one of the associate directors of the bi centennial celebration, shall negotiate with the Mount Vernon Ladies' Associ ation of the Union, who many years ago purchased the estate from tfae Washington family, under a charter granted by the State of Virginia. It Instructs him to take such action as may be necessary to secure a release from the State of Virginia of any limi tation against this association disposing of the property. As a last resort it proposes that he shall ’’condemn” the property under right of eminent domain for the United States Government. Representative Treadway's bill would have Mount Vernon maintained as a public national memorial to George Washington but would allow the grand council of the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association of the Union to continue to manage the property for five years, sub ject to regulations by the Federal offi ciai. Thinks Time Suitable. Representative Treadway told his col leagues in a speech on the floor of the House that he feels very strongly that this should be done and desires that ail the people of the country should give theeubject very serious consideration. There could be no more suitable . ™ J he , s * ld - “ t 0 take up the subject of Federal acquisition of Washington k home and burial place than on the an niversary of his birth. '" T ‘ or abo “t 45 yrars the question of the ownership of Mount Vernon by a private corporation has been discussed and debated periodically throughout the country. Washington is becoming more and more the mecca of visitors. No citizen can visit our Capital without a thrill of pride and patriotism. Per haps the greatest surprise and shock the visitor experiences Is when he learns that Mount Vernon is closed on Sun days and that on week days an admis sion fee is charged. "Both the United States and thr State of Virginia had the chance to s*®°““ ° w , ner Mount Vernon while it still belonged to the Washing ton family. John A. Washington, thf elder, in acodicil to his will, July 3 1830, provided for the disposal of the place to the United States, should thr Congress desire to possess it. Nothin; came of this proposal. Congress Asked to Act "In 1848 Congress was memorialised to purchase Mount Vernon. The me morial was signed by the Vice President. i.u f Houa * and various other high officials of the Government as weli as the mayors of Washington and Georgetown. Nothing came of this effort. “In 1853 Gov. Johnson of Virginia transmitted to the General Assembly of *£?* ?£**!**” u /l* nt recommendation that the State of Virginia purchaae the property from Its owner. The commit, tee to which the recommendation was ■ referred was unable to make terms with the owner, and the matter was dropped. In 1853 Miss Ann Pamela Cunning ham of South Carolina, a helpless in valid, organized the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association of the Unidn for the purpose of acquiring, restoring and caring for the home and burial place of Gen. Washington. This organization was conceived by Miss Cunningham purely in a spirit of patriotism. Through the efforts of this organization the purchase of Mount Vernon was con summated under charters granted by the state of Virginia. ’’From that time until now the Mount Vernon Ladles’ Association of the Union, a self-perpetuating body, has owned the property and conducted its affairs. ‘‘Thomas Nelson Page and Charles Moore have both written accounta of the stewardship of the Mount Vernon Ladles’ Association, and are most laudatory in their praise of the man agement of the property by the asso ciation. Washington Memorials. "I want now, however, to suggest that the work of the organization hav ing been so well accomplished, it pro ceed to perform a still more worthy purpose by turning over the actual ownership of Mount Vernon to the Fed eral Government, where, in my opinion. It belongs. In proposing this, it is my thought that the association should continue to exercise such managerial authority as may be mutually agree able to it and the Government. ‘‘During recent years Congress has more and more oome to a realization of the fact that places having directly to do with our history should be pre served and ownership placed in thr Oovernment. ’’But let us refer particularly to proj ects in memory of George Washington. Two years ago Congress authorized an appropriation of $4,500,000 to build a new memorial boulevard from Wash ington to Mount Vernon. The contract for this road is in process of being awarded. Within a month legislation has passed this House for the restora tion and preservation of the birthplace of Washington at Wakefield. One of the arguments for having this property owned by the Federal Government was that this would obviate the possibility of an admission fee being charged to visit the place. Another bill has recently been passed by the House authorizing a memorial parkway and boulevard on both sides of the Potonmc from Mount Vernon to Oreat Falls, and in that bill an amendment was Inserted requiring a free bridge, owned by the Government, across the river at Great Falls. "The Washington Boulevard will thus extend from Great Falls to the gate a: Mount Vernon, every bit of It owned by the Oovernment, to be freely used by its eltlsans. I can conceive of nothing more incongruous than to have one of these wonderful memorials to thr memory of Washington, starting almost at the base of Washington Monument Itself In the City of Washington, ter minate at the gate of Mount Vernon where access to that hallowed ground is barred except upon the payment oi an entrance fee.” •- - BAND CONCERT. By the United States Marine Band Orchestra this evening at 3 o’clock at the auditorium, Marine Barracks. Tav lor Branson, leader; Arthur 8. Witcomb, second leader. Program: March, "Washington" Pieraor Overture, "Leonora,” No. 3.. Beethoven Cornet solo, ‘‘Stream of Dreams”. .Yost (Second Leader Arthur 8. Witcomb.) "Virginia.” a Southern rhapsody, Trombone solo, “On Wings o^^ong^* 1 Mendelssohn (Principal Musician Robert S. Clark.) Bxcerpta from "Roaenkavalier”. Strauss "Serenade Espagnole” Biset “Ride of the Valkyries" Wagner Marines hymn, "The Halls of Monte luma.” "The Btar Spangled Banner.” —■— _ Leveling of the ground and construc tion of a bridge and retaining walls for the proposed University city of Madrid, Spam, will eoet $848,000.