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,THE EVENING STAR WWi g—flay f tag EtWw. ViIHIIOTOX, ft C. ’ ftATUBDAY. . .February 82. 1030 THZODOBI W. VOTES.... Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company llth Bt.*j^d n^?no»rlv* anl» Are. g ll^ B “uiniSS Vneiand. Bate by Carrier Within the City. Tha Evening Star ... 4sc par month The Evening and Sunday Star (when « Sundart) Me oar month The Evening am' Sunday Star (when 5 flundr /*> SSc per month Tha Sunday Star Sc per copy Collection made at the end of each month. Order* may be *ent In by mail or telephone XAtlona) MOO. Bata by Mall—Payable in Advgnce. Maryland and Virginia. gtly and Sunday..... 1 yr.. 110.00; 1 mo.. SSc uv .only 1 yr.. »« oo: 1 mo.. 50c nday only 1 yr.. *4.00: 1 mo.. «0c All Other States and Canada. Band Sunday.. 1 yf.. $12.00; 1 mo.. SI.OO only 1 yr- ts.oo: l mo.. 7Sc ay only 1 yr.. *5 00: 1 mo.. SOc Member es the Associated Press. Tha Associated Pres* is exclusively entitle* to the use for repubUcatton of all new* dis* Riche* ri edited to It or not otherwise end- ; d in this paper and also the Ir-cai ~ew* published herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches beiein are also ’eservrd. George Washington. Observance of the anniversary of the birth of George Washington comes as an annual ceremony of increasing rather than diminishing significance. The perspective of one hundred and ninety-eight years focuses rather than disperses the thought of the people of America upon the character and the services of the man who is regarded by posterity as the Father of the Nation. Despite the efforts of sensational biog raphers to belittle him. to magnify his trifling faults into serious moral de linquencies. the American people see / him, not as superman, but as an in- i spired patriot and statesman, a man ■ capable of leadership, blessed with the j gift of. commanding and holding the | confidence of others and of winning ! loyal, unquestioning devotion. Washington the man commands the ; highest respect. Washington the sol dier commands the most ardent ad miration. Washington the statesman commands the everlasting gratitude of the people of the United States. It is in all three roles that he stands now in the light of the years, as the one man of his generation who could ac complish the task that was set for him, the task of creating and maintaining a nation. However intimate the study of Wash- j ington, however minute the scrutiny as ; bis conduct and character and per j formances. the conclusion is inescapable ; that he alone of his cotemporaries could ! have met the various responsibilities j that had to be faithfully and capably discharged to the end of the successful j emergence of the colonies into enduring ■ national existence. Washington was not especially a giant : among his fellows of the Revolutionary ! period. There were olher men as com- j Bunding in moral and soldierly and ! political stature. But he combined in his person the essential qualities re quired for the leadership in field and forum. He stood out from the ranks of the patriots of his day by reason of this union in one personality of the ele ments of leadership In war and in peace. Study of Washington’s writings, which are exceptionally voluminous and which constitute a veritable literature in themselves, shows both a conscious ness of his own merits and an humble spirit. He could not have been the suc cessful leader that he was if he had doubted or belittled his own qualifies- ! tions. The master of men must be con scious of his own qualities. George Washington was no hypocrite, nor was he a poseur. Yet he was always aware j of hia obligation to the higher powers. He was a truly religious man. seeking j guidance and sustenance from spiritual 1 sources. It is to such a man that the Nation j looks back today, to a man like these 1 of today In many respects, a man who if living in these times would unques- j tionably be a leader and an inspiration, successful In business, successful In ' political activity and. in case of vital! nsed. successful as a soldier. As the years pass, as the second century since ; his birth draws to a close, the national ! respect for him increases, the sense of obligation to him for his great services grows, and the obaervance of his natal ' day gains an impressive sincerity. *" Spring poetry is already regarded as seasonable, in spite of the fact that the 1 customary March blizzard is still to be heard from. Tips on the weather are always interesting, but either in prose or verse can never be commended as strictly reliable. Job Hunters and Local Charities. Washington is suffering just at ' present from the effects of a mis con- j ceptlon of the extent of the Govern- \ ment public building work now in progress in this city. Reports have spread widely through the country that 1 construction projects Involving the ex- 1 penditure of many millions of dollars ' are under way and are being started at the Capital. Consequently largp num bers of men out of employment have come here in the hope of getting jobs. The building works that arc under way \ are all fully manned and there Is prob ably less chance for finding employment here than in any other city of this size. The sad effect of the coming of these job seekers to Washington is that now, with the exhaustion of their funds, they are becoming dependent upon the local relief agencies for maintenance. An unsually heavy burden has fallen upon these charities and organizations, which are doing their utmost to care for these unfortunate ones. The shortage of the Community Chest contributions, entail ing • proportionate reduction of allot * menta to all the agencies, is thus being severely felt, from a cause for which Washington 1* not in fset responsible. These Government works have been planned carefully in a schedule of preparation and performance that specifically designed to prevent any congestion in Washington during the period of execution. Two or three buildings are under way at once. Others are being planned in detail meanwhile. Still others are m the first stages ol designing. Perhaps by the end of this current year the second group of con structions will be started, the buildings of the first being coir >eted. The work ing forces row en age-’ on the present ftroup will be transferred the new works. Thus, white jobs will be available to some hundreds almost continuously for perhaps a decade or more, there will be no time when great numbers will be needed for any part of the con ( struct ion task. The Government build ing program, in terms of job-provision, ■ simply means a fairly stable demand for labor during a period of ten, per haps fifteen, possibly twenty years. It is to be hoped that a clearer under standing of the situation prevailing here in this respect will be given through Government announcements. Washing ton will do its best to provide for any newcomers who cannot find work here, 1 but It cannot entertain and support | them long, for it has its own charities : and relief works to maintain and at present has inadequate mean; for their maintenance. Nor can the Community Chest ask the people of the Capital for Additional contributions to meet this extraordinary demand while the ordinary necessities of the agencies remain unsupplied. The Muddle Over Retirement. In view of the complications over re tirement legislation the question of pro cedure now resolves itself wholly to one of expediency President Hoover, in a frank discus sion of the subject, says that he favors the new Lehlbach bill, which not only liberalizes the law, but puts into ef fect new principles of computing and administering retirement. In addition, he states that "the plan in the Dale bill presents the same difficulties to me that it presented to my predecessor.” As these difficulties obviously led to the pocket veto which killed retirement lib eralization at the last session of Con gress, Mr. Hoover's statement can easily be interpreted as a warning that, facing identical difficulties faced by his pred ecessor, the only course left open to 1 him if the Dale bill is sent to him for j his signature would be the course , chosen by Mr. Coolidge. ! A few hours previous to Mr. Hoover's ! statement, however, Mr. Lehlbach had | decided to take the course that circum ! stances had dictated. The Dale bill has passed the Senate and is out of the way The House committee members, because of the opposition to and the uncertain ty surrounding the merits of the new Lehlbach bill, have apparently decided to stick to the Dale bill and report it out. If the House passes the Dale measure, as It is expected to do with out a dissenting voice, and the measure becomes law, the small amount of relief which it carries to Government em ployes will be effected; time still will j.remain for Mr. Lehlbach and others ;in charge of retirement legislation to ' wipe the slate clean and begin work on ] a new retirement bill. If this second I measure is passed, it will, of course, su ■ persede the Dale bill. If it fails, the 1 employes will at least have gained the | stopgap relief to which every one I agrees they are entitled. i On the other hand, passage of the , Dale bill would automatically tend to | lessen the motivating force behind re ! tirement liberalization. With one meas- I ure out of the way, indorsed by Gov • eminent employe organizations and carrying some emergency relief, it is doubtful if much pressure will remain to force consideration and passage of another bill within the Immediate fu ture—although the new bill carries with it drastic and beneficial reforms in the principles of Government retirement. In the light of these difficulties, it would seem that the sensible thing to do is for Mr. Lehlbach or others to seek from President Hoover s definite com mitment concerning his attitude toward the Dale bill if it is passed. If this measure contains features which, in the i President’s mind, justify his veto, the bill ought to be dropped like a hot cake and the new Lehlbach measure substituted without more ado. | If the President conceives of the , Dale bill merely as a bird In the hand; j if he is willing to regard it as an emergency measure that will bring needed relief pending the consideration , j and passage of the more far-reaching . Lehlbach measure, legislative condi tions argue for concentration on the j Dale bill now. with the Lehlbach meas . ure left for later and more mature con -1 sideration. But the President’s attitude should be known before a decision is made. In looking over the list of associates of George Washington it becomes un- i i mistakably evident that the gallant old soldier and intrepid statesman enjoyed I the benefit of one of the most talented and _sincere patriotic press bureaus ever organized. A Monster Confesses. • Rarely in modern times has such a monster of fniquity appeared as the man Baker, Just arrested in Detroit and held | for many murders, all of which are con > fessed That he is a maniac is clearly J evident. If the crimes which he not ’ only acknowledges but. enumerates boast : ingly were actually committed by him. ; there can be no other explanation than that of insanity. Or else, If these crimes are imaginary- er if he has identified ' himself with real crimes without having committed them, he is plainly mentally unbalanced. In either case he la a , menace and should not be allowed to mingle with other people. He may not Ibe sufficiently sane to justify capital j punishment, in which case imprison i ment for life is. of course, required. There seems to be small chance that this is a case of criminal imagination lor megalomania. The man is tco spe j eifle and at the same time too casual in his recital of murders to permit the i narrative to be regarded as fictional. I There were such crimes, It Is known in I some of the cases, notably that of the ! cyanide poisoning of a laboratory worker in New Ycrk, where Baker was himself employed for a time. The other killings recounted by him should be easily verl | fled. If they actually occurred. I This extraordinary career of crime i began at the age of seventeen, eight j years ago. the fiend declares, when he j slew his fsther-ln-law in Ohio, He ; seems to have been a precocious young ! 3ter. marrying very early in life. Thai I killing, he says, got him started, gave 1 him a taste for murder. Os course, hp I was already mentally awry. The Odys ] *®y of this fiend .strings together a num ber of places far apart—New York. Houston. Hamburg, in the Atlantic near Venezuela. He roamed the world with i poison In ilia pocket—rationed against any sudden seizure of the urge to kill— i and took life on the impulse of the mo ment, dropping lethal dosps into coffee ; cups or other drinks and watching the ’ agonies of his victims in death, i There seems to hove bam nothing THE EYENiyO STAR. WASHINGTON. D. C-, SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 22, IMP. ’ sadistic in the performances of this i monster. There is no hint of cruelties i other than the admlnlstering*of poison, • save in the case of the laboratory vic tim. who was too alow in dying and had , to be choked with a cyanide-wetted pis- I tol barrel. No perversion appears to have accompanied this horrible distor tion of mind. It was Just a lust to kill, with poison as the preferred method and with a gun available to use in case of emergency. Nothing in particular is to be gained from a protracted study of this phe-; nomenon. The man is of a type already j established and classified. He is simply unusual in his frankness and pride of performance. The psychologists will be deeply Interested. Society shudders at such a hideous aberration of nature. The Qnantico Air Tragedy. A double tragedy of the air near Quantlco Thursday may never be ex plained. Two young Marine aviators engaged in practice flying In forma tion, suddenly, and apparently without any mechanical cause, dived Into the Potomac to their death. They were at a height of about a thousand feet when the leading pilot made a steep dive, followed by the other plane, and they failed to come up from it in time. The men were trapped in their cockpits and could not extricate themselves and were j drowned. A theory is entertained that i in making this maneuver the leading Pilot misjudged the distance to the wa- J ter and found that he did not have i space enough to flatten out his course, I the following pilot pursuing the same course and meeting the same fate. Nobody can tell just what caused this deplorable mishap. These two young men were skilled aviators, the ! planes were good machines, there was no evidence of any breakage or faulty material or engine. Seemingly it was jjist a case of miscalculation. A de scending plane must be handled with the greatest skill to avoid a crash. A thousand feet is a short space for any ! sort of maneuver. Perhaps this acci- i j dent will serve Its purpose in teaching j service flyers an important lesson. | Otherwise it is just another instance of | wastage through human failure. Photographers who tried to get pic tures of Mrs. Mab?l Wlllebrandt when she paid her fine of ten dollars for speeding are deeply disappointed. There are innumerable pictures of Mrs. Wil lebrandt which no longer appeal as extraordinary. They depict her as laying down the law Instead of pay ing up a penalty. A gas merger is a preliminary step to a reduction of rates to the con sumer. The consumer has had his disappointments in the past, but he always finds something cheerful to hope for. It may gratify Mr. Hughes to reflect that the arrival at a Supreme Court Chief Justiceship, while It has its ex citements, is not so fatiguing In a physical way as a campaign for the presidency. Numerous able thinkers believe that war can be abolished completely, with the result that the problem of sub marine atrocities will be disposed of, once and for all. Submarine construction will go on with the understanding that the boat will be law-abiding and mindful of the fact that it Is bound over to keep the peace. What Calvin Coolidge writes Is al- 1 I ways interestifig, but political observers ! insist that it is not satisfying as a disclosure of all he Is thinking about. SHOOTING STARS. BY PHII.ANDER JOHNSON. The Bells. | Sleigh bells hangln’ in the shed— | Touched ’em just by chance, i Recollection soon was led 1 On a merry dance; j Out into a starry night ’Neath the skies aglow. Where the road was long and white, Sparkling in the snow. Melodies from every heart I In the happy throng! Not a motor horn to start Discord in the song! Every human care had fled. When you caught her glance— Sleigh bells hangin’ In the shed— Touched ’em Just by chance. Patience Required. ■'That man who called Is accused of being a lobbyist.” | "We must be patient with him," saM Senator Sorghum. “When you meet a | man who Is a student of affairs and a ! good persuader, there Is never any ! knowing when you may want him for a • campaign manager.” Jud Tunkins says a man should put : something away for a rainy day, and j the first rainy day that comes along not use it all up playin’ poker. Cruelty to Parents. j The comic pictures still portray J1 Dear father as a wreck. i We’d laugh ourselves to death, they say, | If father broke his nfiek. More Refined Methods. “Nobody holds up folks in Crimson ( Gulch now." "Not the same old way," answered ‘ Cactus Joe. "We’re havin’ all kinds of ■ j big buildings, and when any enterprlsln' 1 j person holds up the community he puts 1 ; away the old gun and woi£s with a ' bond issue.” “We reverence our ancestors,” said I HI Ho, the sage of Chinatown, "yet we j are their superiors In knowledge. None , of them would have believed ships | would become like fish under water or , birds In the sky.” Incorrigible Speculator. To gamble, friend, is hardly nice. It makes your fortune slip. * ’' fc-aid he. "I don’t want good advice, i I’d rather have a tip.” “Seems to me,” said Uncle Eben, “like •‘everybody ought to tell de truth on : Washington’s birthday—but once a year 1 is a purty high average for some folks.” 1 —— ««*» Saving Time in Scotland. > Prom the Munkegon Chronicle. I Scotland is reported to be in favor of ’ the five-day working, A w«ek. Maybe the idea Is to stop the oftek over Saturday l and Sundagr. .LiA I THIS AND THAT I BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. Now is the appointed time to cut back the rosebushes. Not the climbers, of course; to touch them would be to trim off the new growth of last year, upon which this season’s flowers will bloom. Pruning should be done at this time, or in March, upon such typical bush l roses as Radiance and Red Radiance [ and all their kind. Observation by even an amateur rosarian, in whose exalted ranks the j writer counts himself, shows beyond j doubt the great necessity for annual : pruning. It Is not so much that smaller flowers l are secured when one does not cut back I the roses as that the bushes themselves i take on a scraggly and ensymmetrlcal shape. Every rosebush we have ever seen needs every bit of beauty It possesses, because the bush is not much to brag about. The roseflower is what makes the rosebush, but that is no reason why a grower should not attempt to de velop as shapely bushes as possible, so that they may fit into the general gar den picture with as little shock as pos sible. ** * * The habit of most rose growth is to develop a certain amount of stem be fore side shoots are sent out. If a bush Is permitted to remain uotrimmed lor J several years, say five or six, the entire structure tends to lengthen out. 1 There will be longer shoots, and more j of them, but the old parent branches, i getting larger each year, also will grow j longer. Then the bush becomes ‘‘leggy," as 1 the growers say—that is. the place where the branching begins becomes higher and higher from the ground each year—until after five or six years have passed the bush is "up in the air," in a physical sense. , At the best, few rosebushes are pret ty, as bushes. They need all the sym metry a grower can induce them to take on, and this at the best is not very much. Such husky bushes as Radiance, planted comparatively close together, will give an appearance of compact ness and neatness, largely because the leaves of bushes to the rear help hide the defects of those closer to the spec tator. By cutting back the main branches i and denuding what Is left of a great many of the side shoots, the former are induced to keep their first laterals as low to the ground as possible. Just what to cut and what not to cut is often a puzzle, even to the ex perienced rosarian. Pruning is an art which one learns only by experience. Perhaps the best way Is not to become too afraid of it. but to whack loose at a bush, rather than give the matter up*ln despair. After all. Nature Is generous to h»r children. The very fact that an Intrud er in the shape of a human being dares to lop off some of her precious limbs makes her all'the more determined to grow them back on again. It Is this stimulating effect which is what pruning is done for, after all, how ever much one may accent the neces sity for trimness of outline in a shrub Yet this secondary effect desired must never be forgotten. The best way to prune for future effect Is to stand off and take a good look at the bush be fore one begins. Try to see the foliage and blooms upon it. always remembering that some of those shoots will go straight un into the air. and that these will alvrays grow the fastest, and become the largest around. Getting as good a picture of the fu ture bush, based on memories of last year, as one’s imagination can con struct in thin air, out of some facts * . terge dreams, step forward dtter minedly, and put the snippers to work. Above all. never fear to cut them back too low. We recall a bush which was 6 or 7 feet high, which was cut back Ford as Educator Is Urged To Maintain Broad Curricula Despite the many controversies that have arisen over endowments that I dominate educational Institutions, Henry Ford’s $100,000,000 project meets witn comment surprisingly unreserved. Ot course the statement that every one 1 should learn a trade brings forth the : warning that overemphasis of the material side of a nation’s culture would ' mean a stumbling block to real spiritual > progress. "Beginning so important a phllan- j thropy,” says the Cleveland News, "Mr. Ford Is fortified by the precise knowl- ; edge of what industry and young crafts- i men need. His schools will help to: bring them together. They will be practical and thorough." With approval of an effort "to eliminate the number of misfits In American life” as "a great ambition and a great undertaking," the Asheville Times voices the prophecy that the enterprise “may go far in teaching society how to master Its machinery of life instead ol being mastered by it." ** * * "Ford's Idea that the college of today gives one little that he can sell,” accord ing to the Springfield, Mo.. Leader, "is contrary to the belief of 40 years ago, when it was an accepted theory that one stood a much better chance to make money ts he had a degree than if he did not. But now. even the presi dents of some of the large universities have, declared thus is a mistake." Mr. Ford’s emphasis upon "making youth fit for a useful life in the Industrial age” and his feeling that "his wealth can and should help in making these educational opportunities more abun dant” are declared by the Minneapolis Star to be “wise altruism” and "an admirable example.” The Indianapolis Star asserts: "The theory advanced by Mr. Ford is alluring. No doubt there Is need for something more practical than anything we now have In our educational facilities. We have trade and technical schools, both public and private, but none among them goes quite to the point Mr. Ford is hoping to reach.” "The schools are to be self-supporting, which means, of course, that the labor of those In training will be coupled with practical industrial production,” ob serves the Manchester Union, with a suggestion that "his adamantine attl tude In the matter of taking counsel will be a sore grief to the multitude of these who lament our present educa tional deficiencies—there are so many things they’d like to urge upon him.” "Mr. Ford's purpose is commendable." agrees the Toledo Blade. "No doubt his schools will be of Inestimable benefit to thousands, but when he says 'every body should learn a trade.’ he takes In too much territory. One life is too short, lor a series of apprenticeships and the time given to learning a trade would : be wasted by many earnest young men i and women '"hose purpose Is prepara tion for gr<" est usefulness in science, commerce, f \; arts or professions.” The I 1 MOUNT VERNON. 1 ;\ir Is quiet here; no echo torn 1 m troubled days can stir the ageing trees; I **iple on the river’s breast is borne To tell a tale of fading tragedies. Here is the peace of intimate old things That have outlived the hand that held them dear; The glamour of the vanished touch that clings To relics left for ages to revere. \ We need.no marble shaft to pierce the sky; No ether monument than these hushed rooms To shrine a memory, or testify For simple grandeur. What encumbering tombs Can hold the great? They walk remembered ways, • Old paths that lead us down to other d£ps. —EDITH MIRICK. . -j- , * in December to within an inch of the , ground. Would It ever grow? It scarce ly seemed possible; but when growth started in the Spring, it started with a bang, as the saying is, and by Midsum mer that particular bush was even hus- * kier than its mates, with larger flowers and a more symmetrical shape as to . general outlines. ** * * i More people will experiment with j Talisman this year than ever. This is the two-toned »se so popular with the i florist trade. When properly grown, j with its red and yellow combination at | its best, It is a beautiful thing. One may have a suspicion that Talis ■ man is a difficult rose for the garden. Perhaps it Is like the Souvenir de Claud ius Pcrnet, wonderful when well grown, but difficult to achieve in the average back yard garden. The home grower may well be a bit backward about experimenting with the fashionable rosea which become fads. There is enough garden heartache in growing roses at the best, without delib erately undertaking the touchy and diffi cult ones. Yet experimenting with flow ers Is a part of flower growing, and the amateur gardener is missing a great deal if he fails to try at least one new thing each year. This Is the time of the year, too, for looking over the seed catalogues, and for deciding what to order out of them— and for ordering, above all. Every one wno likes flowers ought to recall that every other flower lover in the United States is doing the same thing at this time, and that soon a tremendous crush of orders will be overflowing the seed houses. Early orders are what are wanted by the seedmen. Those who intend to plant anything from grass seed to gladiolus bulbs, from zinnias to tuberoses, ought to make up their minds as quickly as possible and get their orders in. That is a co-operation which will be appreciated all along the line. ** * * The weather Is opening up, there is little doubt about that. There Is a feel ing In the air. No doubt there will be much cold weather before Spring comes; snows, sleets, winds and that sort of thing. But the crocuses (or crocl, just as you prefer) are up, and they are not often fooled completely. I Therefore it Is time to prune back ; the bush roses, in order to let them : know what they must do. If this is i put off until Spring Is really here, the bushes will not have time to make their plans! i Every householder ought to have I plenty of grass seed on hand soon, in ! order that he may take advantage of the first real touch of the new season. There is nothing like having the seed in the house; it is too easy to put off getting it.. If it is on hand, one may go forth early and put seed into bare spots, thus getting a genuine start on the season. The great advantage of the early start lies in the fact that If the first seed planted does not do very well. | there Is still time to plant more—and ; even to plant a third time, if the sec ond falls. There is many a slip between grass ‘ seed and grass itself. The feet of care- i less children, the paws of vigorous dog 3, ■ frost and rain may root up, or wash | ! out. or kill the slender new grass ! plants. Right now is a good time to consider whether the garden needs replanning. I H is not possible to be Interested in gardening and not read about gardens, | and it is scarcely passible to read about | such a subject without getting new ! ideas. Planning the garden anew, as the ! result of such reading, Is one of the I most Interesting things a gardener can 1 do, especially an amateur, because the 1 i chances are very decided that there • will be much to be done. Chattanooga News feels that “the mental training and the culture which come from literary education enable the child, in after life, to advance. If he merely has a ’trade,’ he lacks the essen . tlals to advancement. He needs both. Thus, there should be no decline In the j teaching of the ’three R’s.’ But also ! there should be real Industrial training. : so that the boys can learn to grasp the | essentials of life." ** * * | “Few educators are likely to find fault j J/th his plans.” in the judgment of the | New Orleans Tribune. "Whatever the i merits of classicism as an educational | ideal, the tendency Is toward education | that will train boys arid girls to earn a livelihood. Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of schools In the United States already are devoted to that end. But they are not enough." The Ann Arbor Daily News, though suggesting the extreme of standardization, agrees that "the Ford schools will be novel and will be con r‘i c . J°, a lar * e exte *»t upon an Indus trial efficiency basis.” "Education requires.” as viewed by the Asbury Park Press, “that those who would successfully sponsor it must recognize the strength and weaknesses or those who came before, and buUd intelligently upon the foundation which they have laid. If Mr. Ford would place his magnificent gift to the best advantage, he must consider this tradi tion in its deepest meaning « • * Equally important to the contribution wnicn he so generously contemplates, the wisdom and skill with which it is applied will form a vital part in the automotive king's efforts." The Savan nah Morning News advises that “it is we! for givers of great gifts to consider £ e ‘ r upon the public, as Mr ”? r *J ■ tried to do, for the public, whether the gift Is made directly to It or indirectly, is bound to be a partner In the transaction." education, admirable as it t "“l ks th / St. Louis Post-Dispatch. , n m me ? t requirements of youth and will not solve our social and eco nomic problems. The need for liberal education, we are convinced, was never more acute than It Is today. Our fallacious political adventures, our short sigmea and dangerous industrial policies, our espousal of materialism f»h.e^ U an rd ,w aUO, i of the cultural ialues—all these derive in large part from n lack of liberal education.” Heller Than Panthers. From the Till** Daily World. an ! allow pedestrians to be chased like rabbits they should at least provide burrows. Evolution of the Nook. From the Bangor Dally Commercial. Great inventions are often the sim plest: The architect took the door off a clothes closet and called It a break- I fast nook. THE LIBRARY TABLE By the Book!over . The realism of hard work, fighting unwilling soil. Inspires the first novel of H. W. Freeman, “Joseph and His Brethren." The Idealism of Mr. Free man’s second novel, “Down In the Val ley,” In which farming appears as an .exhilarating recreation. Is less con vincing. . One can entirely sympathise with Everard Mulliver when, released from the domination of his mother, he also rebels against the domination of the established grocery business in Bury, Inherited from his father, and buys and restores a picturesque, tum bledown cottage In the Valley of Llnd mer, in Suffolk. It Is quite possible for him to manage his select grocery business, with the efficient organiza tion built up by his father, and to spend week ends, and even frequent extra holidays, at the cottage. But the idyllic rural life which he so rapturously encounters at Llndmer soon makes the blending of tea and coffee and the supervising of purV chases and accounts seem utterly bore some. From the start Everard evinces an unusual flair for country life and all its processes and associations. The “cool, moist earth—nice, rich black stuff”—in his garden yields readily to his spade, while the robins hop about and pick up the worms which are turned up. Lettuces and cabbages and salad herbs soon spring from the ground and furnish his week end table, while apples, pears and plums from his old orchard are delicious to munch during inspections of his property and are utilized by his model housekeeper for conserves. Esthetic pleasure is provided by a parterre of grass, sur rounded by clumps of lavender, roses. ! marigolds, night-scented stock, mar- I joram, hollyhocks and evening prim roses—a bower where he takes naps in a reclining chair. Though a “gen tleman," he adapts himself so easily— so eagerly—to the village social life that he Is soon the most popular lre quenter of “The Olive Leaf.” where he is always ready to treat or be treated to the bitter, nutty beer of the host, Mr. Chinery. And at the end of! a year he is the village champion at | the annual quoit match. ** * * It is doubtful If his cottage garden, his orchard, his social popularity would i have completely changed Everard Mul liver from a merchant of Bury into a farmer of Llndmer Vale. Other forces are necessary for that. The first step in the change is taken on the day when, "buckheading" his hedge, Everard sees Farmer Kindred plowing in the neighboring field, pushes through a thin spot in the hedge, leaps the ditch and asks to try a furrow. After a crooked furrow or two and one jump of the plow entirely out of the fur row, Everard proves to be a natural plowman. Plowing on Farmer Kin dred's land becomes his chief rec reation, for which he neglects his gar den, and, of course, his business in Bury. Not gradually, but with extreme rapidity, he becomes expert in all the labors of the Kindred farm—sheep raising, fold setting, hurdle making, : planting, draining land. Dinner with the fanner under a hedge and tea in Mrs. Kindred’s kitchen becomes the usual thing. The other influence which draws Everard more and more to the country is Ruthie Oathercole. After a brief Idyl of meetings in lanes and ] copses, he comes to see in her an im | portant part of “his newly realized unl ! verse of, simple, primitive and earthly things, more beautiful, more inspiring than all. • * * She, too, was close to earth, herself a dear symbol of its fruitfulness and bounty, answering his simple need with her own, giving all he asked and asking nothing more in r »turn than he could give, linking them both to the root* of things, so that the sap of the world flowed in them and moved them to its own eternal ends.” He looks I forward to the time when, having grown j old together on the land, he and Ruthie ' shall be like Farmer Kindred and his : wife, Emma—he “master of his flocks and herds, tilling his acres in the val- i ley—the farmer; •• • and Ruthie be- J side him, her dark-gold hair greying.! her buxom figure spreading and her red cheeks pouched, a tall, upstanding old woman of Emma Kindred's mould— ! the farmer’s wife.” ** * * The first prose work of Siegfried i | Sassoon has gone through a number j of English editions and been published in America. Whether genuine auto i biography or partly fiction, “Memoirs i of a Fox-Hunting Man” contains much that is almost poetry. In writing prose. Siegfried Sassoon seems as unable to escape from poetry as was Carl Sand burg when he wrote his “Lincoln.” The “Memoirs” starts with the author, at the age of 9, welcoming hi* first pony, and ends with him in the trenches. There, in the midst of horror, he was yet able to see beauty. "Somewhere j out of sight beyond the splintered tree tops of Hidden Wood a bird began to sing. Without knowing why. I re membered that it was Easter Sunday. ’ ** * * A Canadian has his opinions about the rulers and statesmen of Europe and expresses them freely in “Caps and Crowns of Europe.” by Thomas Guerin. ] The author is French-Canadian but claims that he has met an unusual ! number of the European potentates. Reproductions of many signed photo graphs illustrate the book. There were disappointments met by Mr. Guerin in his search for celebrities. King George hnd the former Kaiser proved elusive and Monsieur Briand was among those not met. But the Hapsburg Archduke Albrecht was a luncheon companion and Austen Chamberlain gave an hour and a half of his time to Mr. Guerin. The impressions of the book seem al most entirely personal, not hampered by world judgments. ** * * Lincoln, pursuing the course he be lieved just and right, assassinated at I the moment when he thought the worst | was over, bijt was planning a sane and kindly reconstruction, was thwarted and | persecuted by large numbers of both sincere and hypocritical men in his own time. After his death, the process of elevating him into the Nation’s ideal began. Perhaps historical perspective ii always needed to estimate any man correctly. per Haps it is easier to do justice to a dead than to a living man. A third theory is provided by Lloyd Lewis in his book, “Myths After Lin-, coin.” It is that every nation requires a folkgod and folklore and that people of the United States proceeded to create both after the death of Lincoln. Ad mitting the point of view of Mr. Lewis, why was not the Nation supplied with both folkgod and folklore after the death of Washington? Perhaps because Washington did not suffer a martyr’s death. Mr. Lewis goes at great length into the various legends concerning the instigators of the plot to kill Lincoln and those about the escape of Booth. Only a month after the burial of Booth the myth of his escape had arisen and many people still believe it. Another legend given credence even today, by persons who have not troubled to in vestigate facts, is that every one con nected in any way with Lincoln’s as sassination died a violent death. To support this story, a suicide myth was invented for Secretary of War Stanton, though he died a natural death, ac cording to all cotemporary accounts. Mr. Lewis heard the suicide story as late as 1928. ** * * Reminiscent of Joseph Conrad’s "The Heart of Darkness” is “Travels in the Congo.” by Andre Girie. translated from the French sty Dorothy Bussy, and the author has dedicated it to Con rad. When he was 20, Gide determined to land at the mouth of th? Congo, journey far inland and return to the coast by the Cameroons. He accom plished his plan and has written about his experiences in this book. The va rious types of nntives encountered in terested him greatly and he was im pressed with the artistic quality of their dances and some of their huts. He says of the huts of the Ma&sas: “No ornament, no superfluity. The pure curve of it* line, which is unin terrupted from base to summit, seems to have been arrived at mathematically by i* ntpflMiW. Twin Wn». 1.:, ix | Answers to questions BY FREDERIC j. HASKIN. The answers to questions printed here < etch day are specimens picked from < the mass of inquiries handled by our great Information Bureau maintained 1 In Washington. D. C. This valuable | service is for the free use of the pub- ' lie. Ask any question of fact you 1 may want to know and you will get 1 an immediate reply. Write plainly, inclose 2 cents in coin or stamps for • [ return postage, and address The Eve ning star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Q. What was the name of the violin solo played by Betty Compson in “Street Oirl’’?—M. H. A. It was called “My Dream Mem ory.' Q. What State in this country fcss a climate similar to that of Uruguay? —E. D. M. A. Uruguay has an equable climate. “The mean average Summer tempera ture is 71° F.; the average Winter, 50°. Frost is almost unknown. The annual! precipitation is 35 inches. In the United States the States of Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina and South Carolina have similar conditions. Q. What do the letters ZRS mean? —J. F. C. A. They refer to a rigid Zeppelin which is used for scouting purposes. Q. What does Agua Callente mean? —L. N. A. The name translated means hot water, Q. Can you give a formula for I making turners’ polish, to be used on work still on the lathe?—E. V. W. A. The Bureau of Standards says that, turners’ polish is orange shellac dissolved in alcohol. Q When was the first levee built at New Orleans? —J. C. J. A. It was built in 1727 and was 5,400 feet long. Q. Does a car use more gas when j | four passengers are carried than when no one accompanies the driver?— M A. K. A. The heavier the load placed in an automobile the more the motor is taxed and the more fuel iswrequired to pull the load. Therefore, it would take more gasoline for four passengers to ride than for one. Q. How many hairs are there on a ■ woman's head?—B. S. A. Age, color of hair, health andj I idiosyncrasy must be considered. A ] ! blonde usually has from 140,000 to 150,- 000 hairs on her head, a brunette from 100,000 to 110,000, while a red-haired person’s hairs usually number under 100,000, Q. Is a geographical globe made by machinery or by hand?—Q. A. M. j A. Both machine and hand work en ter into the manufacture. The map must be printed in gores. These gores i are cut out by hand and pasted on the ! i by hand. The globe ball is made as ; follows: The Inside shell is formed in , a steam press from Vat board and glue. ! Over this is put a coat of plaster of parts, which after thorough drying is smoothed on a turning lathe until a perfect sphere is obtained. Q. What occupiedlhe site of the old Madison Square Garden before it was built?—S. J, S. A. It was the site of the Hippodrome, opened in 1873 by Barnum. This was supplanted by Madison Square Garden in 1879. This location was the original site of the old Harlem Railroad Station. Q. Was CharlesHavUand. who made Highlights on the Wide World Excerpts From Newspapers of Other Lands I DIARIO DEL COMERCIO. Bar* ranquilla.—The automobile in dustry is the most important locally in the United States, and occupies third place in ex port business. Some few years ago only the very wealthy there could af ford the luxury of a coach, but now it is the exceptionally poor and unso- ( phlstlcated that does not ride in them. ; The automobile has revolutionized the ■ entire life of the Americans. People ! who formerly could not afford an equl- i page with one horse think little of , owning a car, so virtually the whole ' Nation is on wheels. Most automobiles are sold on term payments, which was not generally the ! case with horses and horse-propelled. vehicles. These terms or time payments have in late years been applied to man<’ other articles in America, in which category may be named pianos, radios, washing machines, refrigerators, furni ture and many other articles, mostly paid for by cash or note In foreign \ countries. One New York concern, which fi nances companies engaged in the in stallment business, in 20 years has seen Its annual volume of transactions increase from $738,051 to $282,163,895, and in the first six months of 1929 the total business handled amounted to $265,106,369. The purchases cov ered by this vast amount of money include the household conveniences we have mentioned, as well as automobiles. This is only one of many similar com panies engaged in the promotion of installment purchasing. Their dealings are with both buyer and seller, on the basis of character and capability as regards the first, and capacity and capital as regards the second. And 1 these, too, are all requisites which mer- i chants in Colombia require of foreign manufacturers with whom they deal. ** * * Thought Order for Wine Was Mistake. North China Herald, Shanghai.—The Chinese interpret everything very literally and- logically. One Chinaman in government circles recently was pre- 1 sented an order for the furnishing of certain wines for the American lega- ! tion. The official refused to honor the | order on the grounds that drinking alcoholic beverages was contrary to American law and that representatives of a prohibition country would not want to break the law. He thought the order for beverages was a mistake. Had this Chinaman known better, he would have appreciated that traveling i Americans, and especially diplomatic ones, when in Rome do as the Romans do. They usually have no desire to make themselves conspicuous by fan tastic adherence to th® principles of the eighteenth amendment when they are In a country where intoxicants are still customarily available. They would need the refreshment for guests, for hospitality, if not for their own use. ** * * To Place Workers On Continuous Work Week. _.. _ - I Soviet Economic Review, Leningrad.— i According to a decision of the Suprem- ; Economic Council of the Russian Soviet 1 Union, nearly 1,000,000 workers em- j ployed in industries under its super- 1 vision will be put on the continuous j work week during the current year. At i the present time the continuous work 1 week is already in effect in plants em- ; ploying 230,000 workers. In the coal industry in particular, the continuous work week will cover four-fifths of all is made by hand, like a vase. It is the work, not of a mason, but a potter." ,** * * Poems too little read are contained in the anthology "Holyrood. A Garland of Modern Scots Poems," chosen by W. H. Hamilton. The volume is a small one, but the poems chosen are of un usual beauty and atmosphere—the at mosphere of the moora. the lonely mountains, the hidden lakes, and the troubled history of Scotland. Seme of the agkprions ar* in dialect, recalling, but showing variations from, the dialect of Buna*. '— 11 ! 1 china at Limoges, a Frenchman?— G. C. M. A. Charles Haviland. a naturalized Frenchman, came from America in 1840 and founded in Limoges, France, a works to produce porcelain for the American market. This enterprise really laid the foundation of the commercial success of Limoges. The rival firm of Theodore Haviland was founded by the brother of Charles. Q. How many calories are there in a cake of yeast?—B. C. A. There are 625 calories in a cake of yeast as purchased. Q. When did Mutt first appear in newspapers?—L. M. A. Bud Fisher introduced Mutt to newspapers as a piker clerk touting in race results. A month later he intro duced Mutt to his now familiar pal. Jeff. The first appearance of Mutt was on November 10, 1807, in a San Francisco newspaper. Q. Os the new books brought out last year, how many were biographies? -“IV. c. A. The number of new editions listed in 1929 under biography is 71. Q. On which coast of the United States is there the highest tide?— W. W. K. A. The largest tide in the United States occurs on the Atlantic Coast in Cobscook and Passamaquoddy Bays, Maine, where the mean range is as much as 20 feet. On the West Coast the largest tides occur in Puget Sound, where the mean range is about 11 feet. At the head of Cook Inlet. Alas ka, the mean range of tide is about 30 feet. Q Must a man be a citizen of the United States in order to take up homestead land?—T. C. L. A. He must have declared his inten tion of becoming a citizen—that is, he must have taken out first‘papers. | Q. Are third rails on train tracks charged heavily enough to cause death if a person touches the rail?—F. W. A. The third rails on train and sub way tracks are so highly charged that should a person step on them death would be Instantaneous. However, every precaution against such acci dents is taken by railway companies. The law states that at no time shall this rail be exposed. Q. Can an English sparrow be trained , to eat out of one's hand?—J. F. M. A. The English sparrow is by nature I and heredity a wild bird. It might be ' passible to tame one if one started with I a very young bird. Q. At a banquet, when a man is giv ing a toast to another, who rises?— T. R. | A. When a toast is being offered every one but the individual giving It remain# seated. When the toast is drunk every one but the person so honored rises. ‘Following this the per son to whom the toast was drunk rises and bows. H ow many organizations in the United states contribute to the care ""m J £ reventlon of tuberculosis?- • Tton* are 1,454 formally organ ized State and local tuberculosis asso ciations in the United States. Each is interested in the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis. The or ganizations affiliated with the Na- Tuberculosis Association spent in 1928 at least '86.196,376.98. the major portion of which was secured through the sale of Christmas seals. 1 theworkersempioyed by the end of the year Workers are also on the con «d°< U h W f eek Ixl the ™bber boot • a “d ‘ shoe industry, and the total pro duction of rubber shoes for the current year is expected to reach 48,000.000 pa “ s - ■•most double the pre-war out put of 27,750,000 pairs. This work week I flve , 6 *y s - and 88 soon as anoth?r commences, i w *thout a holiday intervening. ♦* * * Silk Smuggling Problem in Buenos Aires. !. ** Nacion, Buenos Aires —Yes, we j ° wn J ltUe smu K*>ing eccrn hot “ina. N ? 1 Uquor ln our case, |but siiks.-silks in thi bolt, and silks l n '!l c f*nntnt This enterprise, re cently discovered by the police and Cr»tT ental ,R u l?ts ' has *»«» 8 highlv S**! t °nc, because of the heavy m./lrJf Vle tw Upon im Portations of this 81 - The customs officials have dUnr.iSt" suspicious of the apparent ! JSfTiSSSKi bß « tw *S? the quantit y or rn* in the capital and the thu P «*M i cly . sm * n Presentations of 2*.JJS® P BBB ng through the customs. a n investigation disclosed a flmt eh.? 4 ?°i ts of aUk concealed in a Roinn r °° m 0,1 the °ity Os ?*’ Just nrrived in port. This material appears to be intended for and °L Sl i k underwear, eravats handkerchiefs. Inasmuch as the rt’ k , a **f not claimed by any one. or tt lh e custom house officials, ment confiscated by the govern- devised hiding places and some bU j dutiable goods have also S World. Mar!ha Washington and Conte Verde, plying between Spain, Italy, the United States and ® l ' eno J Aires. It is believed that the creWs of different vea sels have been engaging in this clandes f !??_ , whlch ' w hen success *£ pcra ,, ted * 15 very remunerative. 1 customs inspectors are on however, it is expected that future business will not be so good. ** * * Bulgaria Exchanges Products With Switzerland. ® Review. Sofia.-- During the first six months of 1929 Bul- Xpo l t, l to Switzerland 114.759 nor»L f .„7 d , and Switzerland im rwv? Bulgaria 9,585 watches and ot i? er , cx P° rtß Bulgaria , ns J . bar,ey> malae - tobacco, eggs, AUn ’ n2 dder ’ CBtt, c. oilcake and oils .silkworm eggs and cocoons. In !' c !l c^ Icu lturc,” or the raising of silk s the most important in dustries of the nation. Tln> raising of st M » pl,fe in May ttnd J ll >r i“®L be ‘ ( V re the harvesting of the cereal crops. Imports most in demand are groceries fuel, chemical products vine! gar, perfumery, stone, glass and earth “nware, machines, instruments, trinkets paper, leather and rubber Droduct*’ medicines and textiles. Products, Our Gambling Problems. 1 Prom the Charlotte < N . C.) News. The American has a distinctly major instinct for gambling. The amazing I statement that $4,000,000,000 changes hands annually in this country through commercialised gambling is made In a magazine by Howard McLellandk who follows" thC Nalk>n 8 samblins as Base ball popls, $500,000,000; policy games (lotteries based on daily toUl's of bank clearings, etc.), $300.000 000 race track betting, $1,000,000,000; hand book betting on races, $800,000,000; ‘■arcls, dice and similar games of chance $1,000,000,000; bucket Slops, $500,000,- It is impossible for the average man to estimate the accuracy of these flg ur **' °* course. But if they represent iS truth—and MeLelland ““rta.flta* t»wy Are an underestimate* if anything—our gambling problem le Jh far greater one than most of us havCH supposed. -- * '