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,THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
WEDNESDAY. .February 26, 1930
THEODORE W. NOYES Editor
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ued In this paper and also the local i.ews
Published herein. All rights of publicatlan of
special dispatches herein are also ' eserved.
A Political Boomerang.
Since when did it become a high
crime for a President of the United!
States to warn Congress to krep appro
priations down lest there be a defi
ciency in the public Treasury? It seems
incredible that prominent members of
the Democratic party in Congress
should rise in their wrath to criticize
President Hoover because he has fin
dertaken to make the Congress and the
country understand that by going be
yond the budget the Congress would
bring about a situation that demanded
increased taxation of the people. Yet
such is the case. Representative John
Garner, Democratic leader of the House,
in a statement issued through the Bu
reau of Publicity of the Democratic Na
tional Committee, berates the President
for this warning, and Senator Carter
Glass, in language that could scarcely
be surpassed in its extravagance, de
clared that the presidential warning is
the most shameful thing that has come
out of the White House during his
thirty years’ service in Congress.
A little later. Senator Glass rescinded
his criticism, after reading a statement
from the White House to the effect that
the President had warned the constit
uents of the members of Congress not
to be insistent upon the passage of bills
at this time which would increase appro
priations beyond the safety point. Sen
ator Glass said that apparently the
newspapers and the Republican leader of
the Senate, Mr. Watson, had misinter
preted the President’s original state
ment. But Mr. Gamer’s criticism still
stands unchanged.
The truth of the matter is that the
warning issued, by the President was in
♦be end directed to Congress. Con
stituents do not pass appropriation bills,
although they frequently bring such in
fluence to bear on members of Congress
that measures are put through. With a
margin of safety beyond the budget fig
ures of only $50,000,000, it is time to
warn not only the country, but also
Congress, of the situation and to attempt
to discourage the inauguration of new
projects which might bring a deficit in
the Treasury.
Political attacks upon the adminis
tration by the Democrats are to be
expected. If the Republicans were in
th® minority and a Democratic Presi
dent sat in the White House, the boot
would be on the other leg and Re
publican attacks on the Democratic
administration would be under way.
But the wisdom of the Democratic
politician who attacks a Republican
President because he issues a warning
against running the Government into
debt and forcing an increase in Fed
eral taxes is doubtful to say the least.
Such an attack, however, shows the
extremes to which opponents of the
administration are willing to go for
party advantage. In this instance,
however, the attacks are likely to prove
a boomerang.
It may be a mistake to assume that
Chief Justice Hughes has re-entered
upon an office which combines ease
with dignity. The dignity is unmistak
able. Grave questions will require deep
study which may render repose a sec
ondary consideration.
Students at the new school on the
Rapidan are expected to be content for
the present with a knowledge of the
“three R’s,” without going into the
subtle complications of evolutionary
theories.
Retirement becomes one of those sub- j
Jects which are likely to cause many a !
statesman loss of sleep.
Why American Churchmen Protest.
American refusal to recognize the
Russian Soviet government is not in
spired by a spirit of intolerance, nor
does it betoken any lack of sympathy
for the Russian people in their aspira
tion to develop a democracy. There
has never been from the beginning of
the present anti-imperialist reaction in
Russia any lack of regard for those who
have sought freedom from tyranny in
“Muscovy.” Yet it is commonly urged
by critics of this Government’s policy,
which is supported by the American
people, that it is inconsistent with
American history, American struggles
for independence and the successful
establishment of democracy here.
The United States refuses to recog
nize the Soviet government of Russia
for two reasons—fiirst, its persistence in
the prosecution of a campaign of Com
munistic subversion, and second, its
refusal to recognize financial obligations.
Os these two the former is the more
serious. If the government at Moscow
would cease its endeavor to convert the
American people to Communism, would
disband the Third Internationale, would
effectively guarantee continued and
sincere abstention from all such prac
tices aimed against the stability of this
and other governments, recognition
might follow even though there were
still lacking guarantees as to the
assumption and liquidation of debts.
In this present protest of the churches
of not only America but other parts of
the world, in fact the combined religious
organizations of virtually all lands,
against the cruel policy and practice of
the Russian government in persecution
of churchmen and religionists in Russia,
there is no hint of intolerance. Amer
ican churchmen are joining in this
protest as individuals and as groups, as
churches. The Government has no part
7
In it. It can have no part. Inasmuch
as it has refused to recognize the Soviet
government at Moscow.
Declarations by the supreme head of
the Russian Orthodox Church to the
effect that there are no persecutions do
not convince. It is known that there
are two divisions of the Russian church,
one of which has gained recognition by
the Moscow commissars and holds a
precarious tenure through careful ob
servance of Soviet rules of repression
and control. The other is the real
fundamental faith of the people, under
ban, harried, persecuted and even
slaughtered.
It is hard to get at the truth regard
ing conditions In Russia. There are lies
and rountcr-lies about the Soviet and
the anti-Soviet forces, about the Com
munist plan for collective farming and
the "Kulak” movement in resistance.
But all the lying is not on the anti-
Soviet side, nor probably Is all the truth
on that side. Certain facts, however,
are known, and it is on the strength
of this knowledge that persecutions
have been and are being conducted by
the cbmmissars constituting the su
preme authority at Moscow against the
religionists of the old church, that pro
tests are now arising from every other
land, not in call for war, not in demand
for a change of economic and political
policy at Moscow, but in the hope of
i preventing the hideous tragedy of the
bloody subversion of religious faith in
Russia.
Abolishing Preliminary Estimates.
The practice of submitting prelim
inary estimates to the Budget Bureau
has probably been fully justified, up to
this time, by the relative newness of
the budget system itself. Submission
of preliminary estimates by a depart
ment head amounted to a statement
that "Os course, we do not expect to
get this much, but here is what we
would like to have. You tell us how
much we must cut and we will do It.”
But* budget practice and its principles
of economy have been sufficiently in
grained by this time to permit the
abolition of preliminary estimates.
President Hoover's order to cut them
out from now or. should result in a
great saving of time and effort, and it
certainly tends to place more respon
sibility on the departments and sepa
rate establishments and less upon the
Budget Bureau.
In the case of the District of Co
lumbia the preliminary estimates have
long since outlived their usefulness.
Last Spring, for instance, the Com
missioners pared their preliminary es
timates to a figure that was supported
by anticipated revenue availability
and sent them along. In accordance
with the Budget Bureau’s previous pol
icy, the preliminary estimates returned
with the order that they be cut to an
arbitrarily fixed figure that had no
direct relationship to revenue availabil
ity. But the Commissioners frankly
told the budget officials that this was
neither practicable nor economical—
that the District had the money to
spend and that preliminary estimates
represented a minimum that for all
practical purposes was irreducible. In
the end their final budget figures ap
proximated the figures of the prelim
inary estimates. The pother over the
preliminaries was wasted motion.
Abolition of the preliminary esti
mates will mean that department or
establishment heads hereafter must
submit their estimates with the knowl
edge that they are final; that there is
to be no allocation of top figures among
the establishments, but that each es
tablishment budget will represent the
minimum amount upon which that es
tablishment can exist and perform its
work. The Budget Bureau will con
tinue to exercise its supervision of
these budgets, but there will be no re
ductions merely to reach a previously
determined figure. The reductions will
be determined by the facts in support
of the estimates.
Further investigation of prohibition
enforcement will meet the desires of
the social diagnosticians who believe
that in order to proceed Intelligently
with a cure it is necessary at the outset
to know the worst.
Ingehuity in traffic regulation is con
fidently expected to arrive at some
method of preventing the frequent mis
understanding between the motor and
the railway car.
By devoting himself strictly to the
study of aviation Col. Lindbergh man
ages to avoid being lost In the fogs of
political controversy.
Nervous Tension.
Threatening letters to Senators, warn
, ings to stay away from the Capitol lest
they be caught In an cxplosibn destroy
ing the structure, hints of diabolical
plots against the Government, sugges
tions that water buckets be kept on
hand In the Senate Chamber for the
extinguishment of the fuses of bombs
dropped over the gallery railings,
charges that administration agents are
spying on Senators, searching their
desks and shadowing their movements!
Were this in truth Midsummer instead
of merely. a breath of premature late-
Wlnter heat the caloric qualities of the
atmosphere might account for the
nervous condition of the legislators. But
there is no genuine mind-disturbing
quality in the air at present, as there Is
at times in the midmonths of the year.
Can this be the result of fatigue, of
long, hard labor at the legislative task?
The Senate has been in session now for
nine months, with a bit of a recess now
and then, toiling on two big “propoli
tions”—farm relief and the tariff. It
has not yet finished work on the latter.
The “big business men” of the Upper
House, furthermore, are as Individuals
and citizens in the throes of making out
their income tax returns. Life is hard
and strenuous in the Senate. Nerves
have their limits of endurance, and it
would seem that those limits have now
been reached.
Crank letters? They are being mailed
and received all the time. And it is a
generally accepted axiom that the crank
who writes a letter rarely goes further.
His malevolent thought is expended In
the writing. Os course, it is the rare
exception that makes the trouble, and
the rarely exceptional crank who writes
■ sometimes delivers the explosive goods.
Ordinary precaution against such a
chance is always to be taken. Thorough
: housecleaning at the Capitol and ordi
, narily efficient police service ought to
• afford the necessary degree of protec
i tlon, perhaps with thrown
■, in as good measure for emergencies.
i Time will never come when there
THE EVENIYO STAR, WASHTICGTOX, D. C.. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 26. 193(1.
are no cranks, no malevolent plotters,
no potential assassins and bomb-throw
ers. There Is no known insurance
against them. Eternal vigilance on the
part of the guardians of public offices
and personages is the best that can
be had.
As for espionage, desk-searching,
shadowing and that sort of thing, it is
rather too much to expect the public
to believe that the administration or
any interest is engaging in such silly
procedure. After the ridiculous Jury
spotting that occurred during the Sinclair
trial there is such an emphatic distaste
for such practices that no one with a
reasonable amount of common sense
would dare to indulge in it.
It all goes back to nervous tension.
There is a cure for such a condition.
Strangely enough, it lies in more hard
work, in work that yields quick results.
An early adjournment with all tasks ac
complished would put an end to this
nonsense about bomb plo^s.
Is Bakerlein Insane?
Upon the arrival in New York oi
James Bakerlein, which is said to be
the real name of the wholesale mur
derer recently arrested in Michigan, he
was examined by two physicians rep
resenting the law organization of New
York City and was pronounced legally
sane. That, however, does not settle
matters. It is inconceivable that this
mar will be tried for his crimes—or
thaf roe which It is reasonably certain
he 'tnmitted in New York State —
wi .ftffut the interposition of the plea oi
insanity, without the services of ex
perts on mental conditions. His con
fessions build up an ideal case for such
a plea. If he has in fact committed
the murders which he has not merely
admitted, but has boastfully claimed,
he Is surely abnormal. If he has
imagined them, or now recites them in
a vainglorious spirit, he is assuredly
unusual, to say the least.
Unfortunately New York has no sys
tem of determining the sanity of per
sons accused of crime other than
through the competitive testimony of
alienists called for the State and for
the defense, with a jury rendering judg
ment without any technical training in
such matters. This is a poor method,
uncertain in its results, expensive, pro
tracted and harmful to the prestige of
the law. In this case the accused is
not a person of wealth. There will be
no large expenditure for experts for the
defense. But that does not necessarily
mean lack of talent on that side. Alien
ists have been known before to offer
their services in notable cases. Though
the medical profession does not ad
vertise, some members of it are not
averse to inexpensive publicity,
- » •«
When oratory was a deciding factor
in statemanship, there arose a fear of
too much idealism. With it came a
demand for the practical business man
in politics. Every effort is being made
by Mr. Grundy of Pennsylvania to
measure up to these later requirements.
His return to the Supreme Court will
enable Mr. Hughes t b take up the study
of new and interesting subjects per
taining to law enforcement with which
the old days did not call upon him to
interest himself.
Dominican rebels are encouraged in
an ambition to undertake a hard task
by a number of people who have
found running the government neither
pleasant nor profitable.
Great combinations of capital are
now recognized as capable of practical
usefulness. “Down with the trusts!” Is
an obsolete slogan. Even an octopus
can be tamed.
Padlocking a garage goes beyond even
the efforts of the officer who inspects
street parking to make the impetuous
automobile behave itself.
Coalition is an effort to persuade
natural antagonists to work in har
mony. Political partisanship is a habit
too strong to be overcome.
SHOOTING STARS.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Ornithology.
The Raven sat above the door.
Funereal was his croaking.
While he repeated "Never more!”
The Parrot kept on joking.
Each kept to a peculiar way,
No conversational slacker,
And all the Parrot had to say
Was “Polly Wants A Cracker!”
Do not resent the gloomy friend
Who proves a grim protester.
Likewise remember, in the end,
You cannot trust a jester.
The Raven brought the prophet food,
His thoughtfulness delights you.
The Parrot suddenly grows rude
And, maybe, even bites you!
Managing Trouble.
“Your enemies say you are looking
for trouble.”
"Maybe I am,” said Senator Sor
ghum. “A good politician needs trouble
in his business. But he has to be ex
pert in handing most of it over to his
antagonist.”
Jud Tunkins says it’s hard luck when
you begin to lose your sentiment and
regard -home only as the place where
you pay your taxes.
Patient Verbiage.
A Conference, beyond a doubt.
Is aiming at results sublime.
It brings the dictionary out
And keeps it working overtime.
Fatalities.
“Don’t you know this moonshine stuff
will kill you?”
“It will if you give it time,” said Cac
tus Joe. “But the citizens of Crimson
Gulch are shootln’ one another up so
fast, the licker doesn’t get a fair
chance.”
“Wisdom,” said Hi Ho, the sage of
Chinatown, “is very old, while Folly
seems ever young and attractive.”
Springtime.
Though sunshine now is gayly met,
Ip overshoes we stand aloof.
1 There never was a Springtime yet
1 That could be labeled “Blizzard
proof.”
i
“A friend tells you ’bout yoh faults,”
i said Uncle Eben. “An enemy fools you
wit flattery, but he <foe* keep you a
i little bit incouracefi/^
p THIS AND THAT |
BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL.
The happiest day Washington has
known for a long time was the best of
the recent Springlike ones which de
scended upon the city out of no one
knew what beneficent Heaven.
Men, womtn, children were trans
formed; dogs, cats, squirrels ran and
leaped; rosebushes began to sprout and
the grass to take on a greener look.
If it wasn't Spring, it was exactly
like it.
The same fee! was in the air, the
same warm sun shone, the same reac
tions were prompted in the hearts of
human beings.
Everywhere the topic of conversation
was the weather. “Just like Spring,
isn’t it?” was heard a thousand time.i.
“You don’t need that overcoat today”
greeted every conservative person.
A universal hope was expressed that
the false Spring would last, but theie
was an instant headwagging in oppo
sition. Such days could not last; there
would be snow and sleet soon; It was
foolish even to think of Spring.
** * *
Yet such pessimists did not prevent
thousands of gardeners in the District
of Columbia from going into their back
yards for an extended look at their
particular bits of landscape.
Some enthusiasms even went to the
extent of spending all afternoon there,
pruning rosebushes, collecting the old
leaves and gathering up the genetal
debris which clutters up a yard over
the Winter.
Many who had forgotten that they
had such things as yards suddenly be
came interested in them. It was as if
the instantaneous warm weather had
unlocked a closed door, through which
one went to make a momentous dis
covery.
Snow and sleet do not help in keep
ing up garden enthusiasm. One must
be the possessor of a better garden than
most persons have to spend much time
upon it when the winds blow and the
leaves descend and the snow covers the
land. Such a place can be and often
is arranged by careful gardeners of
much experience, who have spent
enough time and money to lv> able to
distinguish the really worth while from
the ephemeral and merely showy. Most
home gardeners, however, do not tackle
the planting problem in any such com
plete spirit. They are content to put
in a shrub here, a few perennials there,
without much thought about it one ,way
or the other.
The result of this haphazard state of
affairs is that when Winter comes, with
all Its discomfort and strange glorv,
they crawl into their shells, called
houses, and are content to abide there
in comfort until such time as Nature,
in her mysterious processes, makes the
(Outdoors pleasant for them again.
** * *
And Spring is pleasant.
Yet some queer people, probably of
inherently contrary natures, insist on
speaking of this most beautiful of the
seasons as if it were a poor second to
Summer and really not as good *s
Winter.
Not as good as Winter! Why, Win
ter is the time of heated houses, colds,
sickness, sneezes, discomfort. Stores
and homes mostly are too hot, and
when they are not superheated they
are too cold.
Spring—and we speak of the real
Spring, of course—is the one just right
season for every one. Then the joy of
life is at Its height.
There is no need then to pretend to
be happy to be alive—every one not ill
is glad of the chance to participate
again in this recurrent mystery of green
leaves out of bare stalks and boughs.
** * *
People formerly wrote Spring poems,
but they have passed out of style, along
with—we were about to say long skirts,
but those are coming back again, or at
least trying to come back again.
WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS
I
Mr. Coolidge’s favorite policy, econ
omy in Government, after being lost in I
the shuffle for a year, is now resur
rected with new and sudden emphasis.
Mr. Hoover’s application of the brakes
to congressional expenditures came as
a rude jolt, and Congress did not relish
White House strictures about its
spendthrift proclivities. First, because
preachments of economy and budget
are never particularly welcome to con
gressional ears; second, because Con
gress feels it ought not to have charged
against it every proposal offered by
every one of its s*o-odd members;
third, because Congress in expanding
the public works building program was
laboring under the impression that it
was only trying to carry out Mr. Hoo
ver's promises. In enumerating various
projected expenditures, aggregating a
billion and a half dollars outside the
budget limits, the White House was
careful to avoid commitment as to the
merits or demerits of these proposals.
The President left entirely to Congress
the solution of the riddle of how to
stretch the available Treasury funds to
cover every worthy enterprise. It Con
gress goes ahead and plunges the
Treasury into a deficit, it must shoulder
the blame, yet if it fails to provide ad
ditional funds for Mississippi flood con
trol, for roads, for veterans’ pensions
and for Army and Navy pay increases
it must shoulder the blame for that, too.
Congress thus finds itself between the
devil and the deep blue sea.
** * *
Everything is grist which comes to
the farmer's mill when it comes to
questions of tariff for products of agii
culture. One skyrocket boost in this
category effected by the Senate last
week will probably cause no pain to the
general public, but just how it will help
the farmer is a bit of a puzzle. In the
present law bent grass seed, used prin
cipally on golf courses. Is dutiable at
the rate of 2 cents a pound. The House
raised this to 10 cents a pound and the
Senate obligingly hoisted the rate to the
giddy height of 40 cents a pound. This
300 per cent increase over the House
rate and 1,800 per cent increase over
the present law slipped in without a
whisper of protest, although such fa
mous golfers as Smoot of Utah and
Harrison of Mississippi were standing
guard, while McNary of Oregon. Cou
zens of Michigan and Jones of Wash
ington were in the offing.
** * *
The March issue of Senator Arthur
Capper's magazine, besides paving a
glowing tribute to Chief Justice Taft, of
whom it says, "For 40 years, if ever, no
one. has served the country more ably
in so many capacities," declares; “The
country welcomed the appointment of
Charles Evans Hughes to succeed him.
At 68 Hughes has unusual physical and
mental vigor. He is the leader of the
American bar." The Kansas Senator
was one of the silent majority during
the oratorical assault on Mr. Hughes
which accompanied senatorial confir
mation.
** * *
At the height of the post-war boom
the price of silver bullion reached such
a peak that the silver content of our
traditional cartwheel dollar was worth
lt)0 cents. Today, with the price of
silver at the lowest point in 100 years,
the silver content of the dollar is worth
only 35 cents. World production of
silver steadily rises, while world demand
for silver continues to fall, partly due to
the increasing shift to the gold stand
ard by nations whose currency was for
merly on a silver basis. The United
States produces less than one-fourth of
the world’s silver, and this comes
chiefly as a by-product of copper, zinc
and lead ores. Silver bullion and ore
are now on the free list, but Senator
Pittman of Nevada urges Congress to
levy a duty of 30 cents an ounce to give
to the American silver producer a
monopoly of the American silver market.
** * *
“Many citizens of the United States
have no idea where Porto Rico is,”
, writes Col. Theodore Roosevelt, its new
governor. "Since I have been here I
have received letters addressed Porto
i Maybe the typical “Spring poem” of
! yesteryear will emulate skirts, and grow
■ longer, if not fuller. After all, the
: mere words in a Spring poem do not
matter; it is the spirit which counts.
■ If the poems want to come back, there
I is no reason why they should not. so
I ! all versifiers should feel perfectly free
to try their hand at It.
No doubt there are many authentic
aspects of Spring which have been
: overlooked by all the tribes of poets
since Homer. The present age knows
! the most honest outlook upon life and
love since the civilized world began.
; There is no reason why this cannot be
, put to good use in the writing of
. poetry.
Too long has verse been standard
ized. not only in form, but particularly
in subject matter. What is needed is
a new poet who can approach subjects
■ with a certain innocence peculiar to
the animals, who do what they do
i without fear or shame.
Necessary modifications would have
to be made for human beings, espe
cially in the handling of the written
word, but the same result might be
achieved, with inconceivable benefit to
, literature. The old tongue-in-cheek
attitude would go, and In its place
would arise—what already has arisen
in the prose of some authors —a decent
attitude of fairness toward life as it is
‘ lived.
** * *
Men and women mostly are hypocrites
with themselves, not with other people.
There are certain facts in life which
are interesting, certain situations which
are humorous, based on the primeval
erhotions of the race. These nine
tenths of us blink, because we have
bepn brought up to do so, but the ques
tion remains, Are wc not wrong both
to ourselves and to this queer thing
called life of which we rather suspect
we make such an excellent* and unique
part?
One may step into a burlesque the
ater and see there a grand girl devoid
of modesty or shame, strutting her stuff
before the footlights. Vulgar? No, not
with that face. Here Is Zola’s Nana In
the flesh, utterly indifferent to good
or evil, callous to the crude catcalls
from the galleries. And one would have
to be the first to cast a stone who
should declare that she was a shame
less hussy only.
The tremendous sale recently in this
country of a booklet dealing with cer
tain well known sly tendencies of
human beings to laugh at the forbid
den almost proves the desire of the
average person to be honest, if only he
could, if only his own life would let
him. There’s the rub. We take a
fourth of life to learn certain things,
then two-fourths more to unlearn
them, and by the time we have got
honest with ourselves and the world
> we are about ready to give up the one
and pass out of the other.
** * *
> Life in the Springtime, • however,
i ought not to hold us long at these
speculations. Brains often are a handi
cap. thinking sometimes a nuisance,
intelligence now and then undesirable.
1 Such days as that of which we write
i come too seldom in Winter to be used
for philosophical thoughts, true or
otherwise, as the case may be. Cer
tainly the city did not so use them at
■ the time.
There was a certain feeling in the
air, an “elan vital,” as a French phi
-1 losopher once called it, which sang in
fresh air on a staff of sunshine for all
those longing hearts unable to frame
such sweet songs for themselves.
Wind and sun, rain and shine, clouds
and trees, grass and animals, all Na
ture's children are her first poets,
makers of happiness, in so far as life
offers it to living things. They write
the best Spring poems, after all, because
they live them.
1
t Rico, Cuba; Porto Rico. Philippine Is
lands, and Porto Rico, Central America.
One college graduate addressed me as
‘Ambassador Roosevelt, American Em
bassy, Porto Rico.’ I have had many
requests for 'foreign stamps’ of Porto
Rico.’’ To those who may wish to
know, Porto Rico is an island in the
West Indies, its capital is San Juan,
and it is a territory of the United States.
** * *
The Sentinels of the Republic arrived
recently in Washington for their annual
conclave, and after it was over silently
folded their tents and departed. They
left behind a resolution of the follow
ing tenor: “We deplore the President's
practice of creating semi-official com
missioners and bodies, financed by pri
vate individuals and organizations, to
investigate matters and activities pri
marily related to the individual lives
of the people and to local communities
and having no relation to the limited
powers and proper scope of the Federal
Government. Such activities tend not
only to misdirect the energies and abil
ities of Federal officials and employes,
but'to divert public attention and criti
cism from their failure adequately to
perform the various functions that be
long properly to the Federal Govern
ment.”
** * *
Among the Hoover proposals cited by
the Sentinels of the Republic as coming
under their blanket condemnation are
the following: Research committee on
social trends, to direct an extensive sur
vey into the social changes in our na
tional life; proposed conference on bet
ter housing, proposed conference on
recreation, planning committee for na
tional conference on child health and
protection and a national advisory
committee on education.
(Copyright. 1930.)
Attempts to Smirch
Hoover Are Attacked
From the Charleston (S. C.), Evening Post.
If there be any thought that all this
stuff about members of the sugar lobby
having private approach to President
Hoover and whispered words with him
concerning the tariff schedules applying
to the Cuban product wilt redound to
the political advantage of Mr. Hoover’s
enemies, it is bad reckoning. In the end
the whole business of seeking to smirch
the President will react to the confusion
and defeat of those engaged in it.
That agents of the Cuban sugar lobby
should have had access to the President
and been able to get their views on the
tarill' schedules before him is entirely
possible, although their advertisement of
claims to special avenues of approach
and particular influences is no evidence
of such a thing.' No man in high posi
tion but is subject to numerous allega
tions of intimacy on the part of in
dividuals who are quite unknown to
him, although they may, in one
way or another, have come into actual
contact with him. Also, there are many
acquaintances and even some friends of
the mighty who take service for inter
ests which engage them because of such
association. And there are some entirely
open and honorable representatives of
legitimate concern in governmental
policies who go straight to the point,
seek audience with the high official and
present an intelligent argument in sup
port of their pretension. The Cuban
sugar interests may have employed all
of these avenues of approach to Mr.
Hoover, in an endeavor to enlist his
sympathy for their cause. None of them
would reflect any discredit on the
President.
It is quite possible that Mr. Hoover
looks with favor upon the Cuban con
tention. There is, as a matter of fact,
much of justice and right in it. But
there has been nothing to indicate how
he was disposed toward the issue. No
one has claimed that he moved so much
as his little finger in behalf of the
Cuban interests. The only allegations
•re of vague influences enabling certain
: agents to get word with or to the Presi
i dent, and one n#ort of an agent being
Retirement Amendment
Legislation Is Urgent
To the Editor of The Star:
Much had been said as to the merits
of the Dale and Lehlbach bills relating
to retirement of civil service employes.
It appears that the Lehlbach bill pro
vides for all or most of the benefits
provided for in the Dale bill and greater
benefits in some instances, but the fact
remains that there is danger of being
unable to get the Lehlbach bill through
the Senate at this session of Congress,
even if it should be favorably acted
upon by the House. Many of those
now retired arc badly in need of addi
tional relief, and action providing for
some should be taken as soon as practi
cable. The provisions of the Dale bill
have been thoroughly considered and are
well understood and there seems to be
no good reason why prompt action
should not be taken on the bill by the
House. Surely the House would not
refuse to consider the bill on the ground
that the President might veto it, as
Congress has the constitutional right
to pass a measure over his veto. Con
gress might refuse to act on any bill
on such ground. Subsequently consider
ation could be given the Lehlbach bill.
The ground set forth that high
salaried employes contribute so much
more to the retirement fund than those
receiving lower salaries, as a reason
why the Dale bill should not be passed
at this time, is of minor importance
when compared with the urgent need of
many now retired for immediate addi
tional relief, however small. Many re
ceiving the lower salaries, just as com
petent and meritorious in many in
stances as those receiving the higher
salaries often through favor or influ
ence, would willingly exchange places
with them and thereby relieve them of
contributing the larger sums to the re
tirement (und. JNO. W. DAVIS.
A Protest Against the
Protest Against Soviets
To the Editor of The Ster:
Your editorial in last Monday’s Star,
•'World Reaction Against Bolshevism,”
does not sound like The Star speaking.
The voice of tolerance which we are
wont to look for in The Star is lacking.
That broad appreciation of other na
tions' struggles, political and religious,
is missing. The Star should bear in mind
that the American Colonies once ‘‘sev
ered the ties” which bound them to a
despotism not unlike that which, here
tofore, has reigned in Russia.
If Russia wishes to break loose from
her political, social and religious entan
glements of the past, as England did in
the thirteenth century when she closed
all the monastic houses, what is that to
us? We are kind enough to refuse rec
ognition of her government, so why
should we work ourselves up into a
fever over her method of handling her
own religious problems?
The supreme head of the Russian
Orthodox Church, in a carefully pre
pared interview not many days ago. de
clared most emphatically that religion
is not being persecuted in Russia. It is
the "political preacher” (in her case the
"political priest”) who is being prose
cuted, not “persecuted.”
I am sure The Star ought to agree
that the Russians have a right to make
their own laws, and a further right to
prosecute all those of their own people
who refuse to recognize those laws.
JEAN MONK.
Comedian’s Desire
For Tragedy Pathetic
I'rora the Kansas City Times.
There seems to be no doubt at all
that Charlie Chaplin, comedian, would
like to be Charles Spencer Chaplin, |
tragedian. The story of the comedian’s
aspirations, at least his yearnings, hat
persisted until it has outlived the dis
trust that so often attends the gossip
about people of the stage. There is
nothing new in the fact that a comedian
would iike to do “something serious."
Besides, there has been a serious un
dercurrent in much of Chaplin’s come
dy, even when his comedy has been most j
farcical. The very soul of his humor
has been in his seeming gravity, his ;
apparent unconsciousness or oblivious- j
ness to his own absurdities.
Perhaps it was fortunate that;
Chaplin’s friends talked him out of a
determination to play Hamlet, not that
we should say he could not play the
great role acceptably, or in time even
with distinction. Who knows? Now,
we are told, he is thinking of Svengall,
in a talkie made of "Trilby.” This se
lection, we believe, would be unfortu
nate. It was hard enough for even so
good an actor as Wilton Lackaye to
make the rascally hypnotist real for
his audiences. We fear the Chaplin
followers might refuse to regard his
Svengall as anything except a graphic
caricature, no matter how well he might
act the part. But Chaplin should have
his chance. He wants to show that he
can be truly sad, even tragic; that he
harbors emotions worthy of revelation
which have not been sounded in the
gornic parts he has played. He has an
ambition to make people cry or shudder
as well as laugh.
There have been other comedians
with similar aspirations, Nat Goodwin
nursed his until he made a fizzle of
Shylock. E. H. Sothern turned from
light comedy, to the disappointment of
his large following, went into the ro
mances and finally into the Shake
spearean tragedies as well as comedies
and fully justified his judgment. Even
Eddie Foy, the greatest clown our come
dy stage has known, wanted to play
Hamlet, and to satisfy him Ire was per
mitted to "do” a travesty of the char
acter. It was Belasco rather than the
actor himself who turned David War
field from the field of comedy, in which
he excelled, into the path of serious
drama. Warfield has one great suc
cess in tears, “The Music Master.” and
one quite respectable Shakespearean
impersonation, his Shylock, to his credit.
De Wolf Hopper once played Mark
Antony in a scene from ‘‘Julius Caesar,”
and has been unhappy ever since be
cause he could not play the part in full
in a formal production.
There is no telling what may lie un
revealed behind the comic mask. Our
old tragedians used to delight in the
farcical afterpieces in which they found
relief from the moods of drama and
tragedy. One of the fine things about
stock companies is that they develop
versatility. Continued service in such
an organization makes for fullness of
training, fullness of powers.
Old Oaken Bucket Days.
Prom the Akron Beacon-Journal.
When school children drank from a
common dipper, maybe germs didn't
have enough adversity to make them
strong and dangerous.
Double-Facinp Needed Now.
Frqm the New London Day.
Fable: There once was a pedestrian
who looked to right and left before
crossing a street. He was run down by
a truck backing out of an alley behind
him. Moral: Janus of mythological
fame could open a right thriving cult
in these modern days.
referred by Mr. Hoover to Senator Smoot,
which, surely, was an innocuous gesture,
perhaps no more than a courteous
method of being rid of an importunate
suitor.
Yet there is persistent effort being
made to give a sinister cast to all of this
apparently futile endeavor to engage the
President's favor for the Cuban sugar
interest, based on nothing more authen
tic than the self-recommendations of
paid lobbyists. It is too Insignificant and
puerile for any serious regard, and it is
becoming utterly wearisome and monot
onous. If there is any politics in it the
engineers of such strategy had better
review their projects and change their
line of operations. The public will revolt
against this sort of thing before long,
and the ineffectual assaults on the
President will flare back upon the as
sailants and induce sympathy for their
intended victim and an exaltation of
him to the role of a good man unjustly
blamed, than which there la no more -
popular figure.
| ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN.
This Is a special department devoted
to the handling of inquiries. You have
at your disposal an extensive organi
zation in Washington to serve you In
any capacity that relates to Information.
Write your question, your name, and
your address clearly, and inclose 2
cents In coin or stamps for reply. Send
to The Evening Star Information Bu
reau, Frederic J. Haskin, director,
Washington, D. C.
Q. Did Houdini appear in motion
pictures?—J. M.
A. Mrs. Houdini says that he made
a number of pictures, all containing
stunts and escapes. The ‘‘Master Mys
tery” was a serial, featuring Houdini In
practically every kind of an escape,
trick, stunt or Illusion that he did.
Q. What is. the motto of the
Kiwanis Club?—M. B. F.
A. The present motto Is ‘‘We Build.” j
The first motto selected was *'We j
Trade.” The first chapter of the club
was organized January 21, 1915, In De- |
troit.
Q. Was William Jennings Bryan ever
the United States Senator from Flor- \
Ida?—A. T. M.
A. William Jennings Bryan was not
a Senator from Florida, but that State
was represented in the Senate from De
cember 26, 1907. to March 22, 1908, by
William James Bryan.
Q. How hot and how cold does it get
in England?—J. C. ,
A. The maximum temperature of the
air in Great Britain recorded in the
shade at 4 feet above the ground is 100
degrees Fahrenheit. This was observed
at Wilton House, Salisbury, July 15,
1881, and at Greenwich Observatory on
August 9. 1911. The lowest tempera
ture of the air recorded in the shade at
4 feet above the ground —23 degrees
Fahrenheit, at Blackadder, Berwick
shire, December 4, 1879.
Q. What kind of food is mealies?—
R. T.
A. Mealies Is the South African
name for maize or Indian corn. In the
singular—mealie—it means an ear of !
corn.
Q. Can you quote the reply of
Speaker Tom Reed when he declined
the invitation to make a speech before
the Blue Grass Club of Kentucky?—
A. T.
A. ‘‘l shall not accept the invitation
tendered me by the Blue Grass Club.
The reason is very simple. I have been
told that during the late disturbances
they said that if they had me in Ken
tucky they would kill me. I do not
wish to be killed,, especially in Kentucky,
where such an event is too common to
attract attention. For a good man to
die anywhere is of course a gain, but I
think I can make more by dying later
and elsewhere.”
Q. When was sheet iron first
rolled?—J. J. C.
A. Production of rolled sheet iron
dates back before 1620 in Bohemia. It
was introduced into Wales in 1720.
Q. What is a magic square?—W. B. G.
A. It is an arrangement of numbers
!in form of a square so that every
column, every row and each cf the two
diagonals add up alike. This sum is
called the constant. These squares have
been known for centuries, and in China
and India* have always been worn en
graved on metal or stone as amulets or
talismans.
Q. What was Emmy Destinn’s
maiden name?—C. H.
A. Her name was Klt.tl. She was born
at Prague in 1878. She studied violin
I playing under Lachner and singing with
Americans Predict Failure
As Soviets Attack Church
I
“Failure" is the word that Americans'
apply to the campaign being conducted :
in Russia to stamp out religious
organizations. It is maintained generally
that persecution always strengthens
religion and that attacks upon liberty
of belief will consolidate world feeling
against the Soviet.
“The Soviet government could have
chosen no surer method of fostering
and encouraging religious belief,”
maintains the Petersburg Progress-
Index, “than in the determined efforts
being made by the government to stamp
it out. It is in high degree probable
that millions now living shall see reli
gion flourishing and prospering in
Russia as never before.” The Harris
burg Telegraph remarks: “The poor
foots who cannot see a divine will and
intelligence back of creation are simply
headed for their own ruin. Having
failed to recognize the fundamental
truth of divine orgin, all other of their
calculations must one day fail. Make
no doubt of it. God is not mocked. He
has survived many, many such plots.”
** * *
“Christianity has never yet been
harmed by persecution," according to
the Houston Chronicle, “and it is to
be doubted if the Soviets can harm it.
They might, indeed, injure the organized
church for a while; but if Christianity is
the vital force its disciples believe it to
be, it will eventually overcome the
•materialists and pagans who oppose it.”
The Newark Evening News recalls that
“France once made an attempt to sub
stitute a goddess of reason for the
warmth of Christ's divinity,” but that
paper adds: “It is possible Russia’s
‘state atheism’ will suffer the same fate.
It can, by decree and education, change
men's minds, but it cannot change men
themselves.”
“The unrefined savagery of the
Soviet.” in the opinion of the Port
Huron Times-Herald. “is likely in the
end to be its own undoing. Religion,
even more than political principles,
has, from the beginning of things, pro
duced men and women who joyfully be
came martyrs to a cause, and who, in
their sacrifice and punishment, brought
defeat to their oppressors.” Holding
• that “persecution, no matter how vio
lent or widespread, cannot crush the
truth,” the Long Beach Press Telegram
remarks: “Communism seems to have
ignored one of the greatest, discoveries
of all time. It is expressed in the poet's
declaration: ‘God moves in a mysterious
wav His wonders to perform.’ A verbal
variatidn of the same thought is, ‘Man
proposes and God disposes.’ ”
** * *
“Such startling events as this savage
drive to stamp out religion and the
plan now’ afoot to dispossess wealthy
peasants and turn their land over to
workmen inexperienced in farming,"
declares the Providence Bulletin, “are
deeds which, in the w’ords of the Arch
bishop of Canterbury, violate the ele
mentarv principles of justice. They*
make Russia an enigma to America
and indefinitely postpone all hope of
reconciliation between the two coun
tries.” The Salina Journal points out
that in this instance there are no
“Jealousies of creed or attempts to bol
ster prejudice between religions,” and
concludes: "When it is evident that
persecution that seeks to throttle belief
in God does not distinguish between
religions, we can hope, at least, the
sowers of the seed of religious hatred
will find less fertile soil on which to
work.”
"Looking at the religious situation in
Russia in purely political terms,” argues
the Ann Arbor Daily News, "it would
seem that the Soviet would be appre
hensive of the ultimate result. It is
playing with two kinds of fire, both of
which are serious menaces. One is the
red fire of anarchy which is being
fanned into flame, and the other is the
fire of religious faith, which will burn
more steadily and become stronger with
every effort to extinguish.”
a* * *
“Nothing in Roman or medieval or
sixteenth century persecutions,” savs
the Atlanta Journal, "can compare for
bitterness with the present Soviet on
• slaughf upon the religious faiths in
Christian, Jew, Mohammedan,
Maria Loewe-Destinn, eventually adopt
ing the name of Destinn. She came to
the Metropolitan Opera in 1908. married
i Capt. Haisbach. a Czech aviator, in
1923, and died in Prague, January 29,
1930,
Q What suggested the title of
Thackeray's ' Vanity Fair”?—M. N.
A. It was the appropriate name for
the book, and was chosen from ‘•Pil
grim's Progress”: "And the name of
that town is Vanity; and at that town
there is a fair kept, called Vanity Fair.”
Q. On a rural route, should registered
mail be delivered at the house or left
in the mail box?—A. J.
A. The. Post Office Department savs
that registered mail is to be delivered
to the residence of the addressee, if
within one-half mile of the regular line
of travel by a passable road.
Q. How do reindeer find food in the
Wintertime?—F. B.
A. They dig through the snow for
the succulent lichens or reindeer moss,
; upon which they feed in the Winter.
Q. Are duels against the law in
' France?—T. C. V.
A. French courts reserve to them
selves a discretionary power in dealing
with the cases of dueling and the prac
tice is not obsolete in France.
Q. What is meant by a straddle when
dealing in stock? —C. N. S.
A. It is an option giving the holder
the double privilege of a "put” and a
"call”—i.e., the right to demand of the
seller or require that he take, at a cer
tain price within a certain time, certain
securities.
Q. Into how many languages has
"The Message to Garcia” been trans
lated?—V. S.
V. S.
A. At the time that Hubbard wrote a
foreword for an edition he said that
40,000,000 copies had been distributed
and that it had been translated into
Russian, German, Spanish, Turkish,
! Chinese, Japanese and Hindu.
Q. What is meant by a trial bal
ance? —H. Z.
A. A trial balance is the testing of
a ledger to discover whether the debits
and credits balance by finding whether
the sum of the personal credits in
creased by the difference between the
debit and credit sums in the mer
chandise and impersonal accounts
equals the sum of personal debits.
The equality would not show that the
items were all correctly posted.
Q. Please name the parks under the
jurisdiction of the Secretary of War. —
W. B. W.
A. There are 11 national military
and other parks under the jurisdiction
of the Secretary of War. They are;
Chickamauga, Ga.: Chattanooga, Tenn.;
Shiloh. Tenn; Gettysburg, Pa.; Vicks
burg, Miss.; Antietam Battlefield, Md.;
Guilford Court House. N. C.; Peters
burg, Va.; Fredericksburg, Va.J Spot
sylvania, Va., and Stones River, Tenn.
Q. How are the ends of railroad rails
held together?—G. W. J.
A. The ends of railway rails are put
together with tie plates. Bolts are
placed through the plates and rails and
nuts screwed on the ends to hold them
in place.
Q. What did the Revolutionary War
cost England?—D. M.
A. It cost England nearly $500,000.-
000. besides the loss of the colonies and
about 50,000 soldiers.
Q. How old is Rudy Vallee?—V. E. B.
A. He is 28 years old.
1 Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, Prc‘-
j estant, all are under the ban. Churches
are being burned, sanctuaries destroyed
and those who assert the rights of con
science imprisoned or put to death.
Such is the growing burden of reports
| from that pathetic land where fanati
cism of atheists holds sway. * • *
Aside from its religious aspect, such a
course can but shock the rational world
as an unparalleled invasion of human
rights.”
"Outwardly religious worship may
cease, but it will surely assume activity
at the first favorable opportunity,” in
the opinion of the Racine Journal
News, while the Albany Evening News
expresses the hope "that the heart of
the Russian people is still sound: that
it has not been disturbed by the frenzy
of irresponsible leaders.” The Ports
mouth Daily Times suggests: “One
must remember that the Russian people
have been as children, under a despot
ism not even benevolent,* save as the
rule of the Czars is compared with the
reign of the Soviets. When the Rus
sian people grow up. they may throw
off the shackles and establish a real
government of the people, by the people,
for the people.”
** * *
“Let Russia try an experiment in
government—so did we; let her try a
new economic order —that is her affair.
But to seek our recognition on profes
sion of being a ‘godless country’ would
be to forfeit her case before it was
heard,” argues the Milwaukee Journal.
Tile Memphis Commercial Appeal de
clares that Pope Pius and Bishop Man
ning, in urging a day of prayer for the
people of Russia, "represent the senti
ments of tens of millions of Christians
throughout the world, intent on pre
serving the essentials of the faith of the
fathers,” und concludes: “The mate
rialistic philosophy proclaimed from
Moscow interprets life in terms of
things and not in terms of values. The
two systems cannot exist together in
the world. There must be a trial of
strength. The issue will not be decided
in Russia through the rule of iron and
blood. The issue will be decided by
men and women who trust to the
mightier weapons of the spirit.”
"It is war against God,” asserts the
New York Sipi, with the comment:
"The Christian cathedral and chapel,
the Jewish synagogue and the Moslem
mosque and those who worship in them
are the objects of a definite and highly
organized campaign designed to obliter
ate the idea of a Supteme Being and to
introduce and enforce the atheism
.which is elementary in the philosophy
on which Communism bases its appeal.”
The Buffalo Evening News sees in it a
part of “the campaign to develop a col
lective system of agriculture” with the
related subjects of church property and
other personal rights.
Referring to the" fact (hat “Pope Pius
called the world to pray for the Chris
tians in Russia” and that “he received
prompt support from the Church of
England,” the Dubuque Catholic Daily
Tribune states that the Russian papers
"came out with the declaration that
the present attacks on the Soviet gov
ernment abroad for the suppression of
churches and wiping out of the rich
farmers’ class were part of a concerted
international movement against the So
viet Union,” and the Dubuque paper re
plies: “This is Russia's defense against
an outraged public opinion abroad, a
reply to the representative of the King
of Peace, who said he would pray for
the persecuted Christians of Russia.”
Domestic Evolution.
From the Worcester Evening Gazette.
Architects tell us that in another gen
eration the dining room will pass out of
the average American home, but we
may console ourselves with the hope
that It may linger for a time in the
breakfast nook.
Art and Gastronomy.
From the Louisville Times.
The fact that 200 of them recently
attended a dinner in New York would
seem to disprove the old theory that
poets don't eat.

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