OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 12, 1930, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1930-03-12/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for A-2

A-2
ORATORICAL PLANS
> TO BE DISCUSSED
p. C. School Officials and
Teachers Will Confer With
Contest Director.
School officials, teachers, students and
Parent - Teacher Association officers
from Western, Eastern, Central, Busi
ness and McKinley Manual Training
High Schools, who are especially inter
ested in the National Oratorical Contest
on the Constitution, sponsored in this
region annually by The Evening Star,
are meeting this afternoon at 4 o’clock
at the Mayflower Hotel with Randolph
Leigh, director general of the contest,
for a tea god conference in the Chinese
loom.
Among school officials invited were
Dr. Frank W. Ballou, superintendent of
schools; Stephen E. K/amer and Robert
L Haycock, assistant superintendents
of schools; Miss Sarah Simons, head of
the department of English instruction
of the five high schools, and George J.
Jones, head of the department of social
science of these schools.
Parent-Teacher Association officials
Invited are Mrs. Giles Scott Rafter,
president of the District of Columbia
Parent-Teacher Association; Mrs. Geoff
rey Creyke, president of the Western
High School Parent-Teacher Associa
tion; Joseph A. Burkhart, president of
the Central Association; Arthur G.
Bishop, president of the Eastern Asso
ciation; Frost Mills, president of the
Business Association, and Mrs. E. R.
Kalmbach, one of the leaders in the
movement to form a Parent-Teacher
Association at McKinley High School.
In addition to the students who have
Jn several cases formed school Constitu
tion clubs, the high schools are expected
to be represented as follows;
Western High School; Dr. Elmer S.
Newton, principal', Miss ?. Edna Thons
gen and Norman J. Nelson, assistant
principals, and Miss TOse Stute, chair
man of the Western oratorical contest
committee, and members of her com
*nlCentn£l High School; Dr. Harvey A.
Smith, principal; Miss Helen M. Cool
jdge, assistant principal, and Miss Hester
McNelly, chairman of the Central com
mittee, and the members of her com
mittee. .
McKinley Manual Training High
School: Frank C. Daniel, principal, and
H. Dale Davis and Miss Jessie Coope,
assistant - principals, and Mrs. Bda B.
Frost, ehauman, and members of the
McKinley contest committee.
Business High School; Alan Dati* and
14i:s May P. Bradshaw, principal and
assistant principal, and Miss Cora Mc-
Carty, chairman, and members of the
Business contest committee.
Eastern High School; Charles Hart,
principal; Miss Mary J. Watts, assistant
principal, and Miss Kate D. Buoknam,
chairman, and members of the Eastern
contest committee.
LIEUT. COMDR. R. WYMAN
FOUND DEAD IN CABIN
Naval Officers Investigate Demise
as U. 8. 8. Jason Officer, Believed
to Have Taken Poison.
9r the Associated Frees. J
MANILA, March 19—A board of
gmreT officers today was Investing
the death of Lieut. Oomdr Ralph
Wyman, who was found dead In tbo
cabin of his ship, the U. S. S. Jason,
* a WMle U it*waa not expected that the
board’s decision would be made public,
tt was generally believed by the officers
M&S'iS'SSSSfVSttS
tatßr*ev£t
It was believed he drank some of the
»toyi mad to dean his uniform
buttons.
ALBERT M. PATTERSON
FUNERAL HELP FRIDAY t
Body of Prominent Textile Manu
facturer Interred in Cambridge
Cemetery—Widow Survives.
Funeral services for Albert Mansfield
Patterson, textile manufacturer, who
died In New York Thursday, were con
ducted there Friday. Interment was
in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge,
Maas., Saturday. Mr. Patterson was 55
years old.
He was the brother of Mrs. Harral
Mulllken, 9019 Q street, and was the
son of the late Mrs. Albert M. Patter
son, who was widely known In this city
and president of the Home for Incur
ables for many years. Besides his sister,
he leaves his wife, who was Miss
Edith Moore Taylor of Philadelphia,
and a son. Albert Mansfield Patterson,
jr„ a student at the Massachusetts In
stitute of Technology.
Mr. Patterson was principal owner
and treasurer of the Southern Worsted
Corporation of Greenville, 8. C., and
of the Waterloo Textile Corporation of
Waterloo, N. Y. He also was president
of the Patterson and Greenough, Inc.,
selling organisation of the two corpor
ations.
With the entry of the United States
In the World War, Mr. Patterson became
chief of foreign wool section of the War
Industries Board.
FUNERAL SERVICES HELD
FOR MRS. LOUISE SIMPSON
Widow of Dr. John Crayke Simpson
Was Lifelong Capital Resident
and Interested in Charity.
Funeral services for Mrs. Louise
fCauffmann Simpson, who died in Gar
field Memorial Hospital Sunday, were
conducted at her late residence, 263 S
Sixteenth street, today at 11 o’clock.
Rev. Dr. Franklin Johns Bohanan, rec
tor of St. Paul’s Rock Creek Parish Epis
copal Church, officiated. Interment was
In the family plot in Rock Creek Ceme
tery.
Mrs. Simpson, who was the widow of
Dr. John Crayke Simpson, wa6 born in
this city May 31, 1860, and was a life
long resident of the Capital. She had
long been Interested in charitable work
and for many years had been a mem
ber of the board of lady managers of
Children's Hospital.
Surviving her is one brother, Victor
Xauffmann. treasurer of The Evening
Star Newspaper Co.; three nephews, a
niece and a number of grandnephews
and grandnieces.
PLAN ANNUAL DINNER.
phi Delta Theta Fraternity Will
Observe Founders’ Day.
Phi Delta Theta Fraternity will hold
Sts annual founders day dinner at the
Carlton Hotel Saturday evening, with
numerous speeches featuring the pro
gram.
Prominent persons expected to at
tend are Justice James C. Mcßeynolds,
Senators Fletcher of Florida, Thomas
of Oklahoma, Connally of Texas, Rob
inson of Indiana, and Representatives
French of Idaho. Johnson of South Da
kota. Hadley of Washington, Burtnesa
of North Dakota. Collins of Mississippi,
Bankhead and Oliver of Alabama and
Kurts of Pennsylvania.
William E. Lee, interstate commerce
commissioner, is scheduled to speak,
Everett Flood Is in charge of arrange-
WOMEN PRESENT THEIR CREED
IN SUPPORT OF 18tk AMENDMENT
(Continued From First Page.)
iaed to correct propaganda and safe
guard law observance through regular
channels, and that regular safety groups
of men and women serve without com
pensation and be recognized and ap
proved by the Government."
Before the introduction of the
"creed,” friends of prohibition placed
before the committee the view that the
womanhood of America was solid in
support of the eighteenth smendment
ana was prepared to combat moves
looking toward its repeal.
Near the outset the group of women
were given authority to present their
prepared testimony without Interrup
tion. This decision was reached after
a sharp verbal clash precipitated by
wet members who sought to cross-ex
amine. The committee, however, by a
viva voce vote deferred interrogation
until the women had concluded the
statements they had drafted.
The witnesses argued that the wets
had failed to provide a “workable
solution” in the event the dry statutes
were repealed. Further, they contended,
the anti-prohibitionlsts had shifted re
sponsibility in the regard by saying
they left the solution up to Congress.
The women took the stand in rapid
order. They supported their case by
presenting statements from Mrs. Henry
Ford and Mrs. Thomas A. Edison. Both
the Detroit manufacturer and the in
ventor have been recorded as favoring
retention of the eighteenth amendment
and its supporting laws.
”1 stand for the law that has proved
a blessing for one station In life and
would be an equal blessing to those
enjoying greater privileges in this world
if they would give the law a fair
chance ” Mrs. Edison wrote.
“I am heartily in favor of the eight
eenth amendment without modification,”
Mrs. Ford's statement read. “It is a
law of the United States and should
be observed by all of us. In my opin
ion it has been of untold benefit to
the women as well as men of our coun
try in improved living conditions and a
more prosperous Nation.”
Drawn From Wide Field.
The woman witnesses were drawn
from a wide field. Some were promi
nent in club and social circles while
others spoke as chairmen of nationally
known women’s organisations.
Mrs. Vic Donahey, wife of the former
Governor of Ohio; Mrs. Orrin R. Judd,
president of the Council of Women for
Home Missions; Mrs. Jesse W. Nichol
son of Chevy Chase, Md., president of
the National Woman's Democratic Law
Enforcement League, and Mrs. John F.
Sippel of Baltimore, president of the
General Federation of Women's Clubs,
were among those recorded among sup
porters of the dry law.
Mrs. Sippel said she had been threat
ened with bodily harm if she took the
witness chair In support of the eight
eenth amendment, but appeared jus;
the same. Mrs. Nicholson testified she
had no objection to those seeking change
in the law, but denounced any effort to
seek a change by nullification.
Mrs. Peabody Tells of Fight.
Mrs. Peabody explained that her
organisation was affiliated with organ
izations having an aggregate member
ship of 19,000>H>.
"These great organisations,” her
statement said, "have stood in support
of the Constitution and its laws for
eight years—since 1929—when organised
opposition began. They concentrate
efforts on the eighteenth amendment.
"Opponents of prohibition among
women do not ring true in statements
regarding their sudden discovery of the
awful menace to youth through alcohol,”
she continued, “and their Inconsistent
demand that it therefore be restored to
a legal status. Youth has not changed
essentially. We have always had flam
ing youth, the flame increased by
alcohol. Today we have a new type,
flying youth—the finest yet and most
likely to dispense with alcoholic stimu
lants.”
The gray-haired grandmother, who Is
ss prominently known on Beacon Hill
as In her Beverly home, said the battle
of alcohol was "primarily a woman's
battle."
“The normal woman,” she asserted,
"not the subnormal or neurotic type,
knows alcohol to be a habit-making
drug which wrecks body, soul and mind,
as dangerous as opium to the individual
—more dangerous to the family and
community."
The advocates of personal liberty, she
said, did not rebel against prohibition
of opium, but "the alcoholic taint from
past generations persists in rebellion
atainst this necessary law against the
oohollc traffic. • • •
"Here are 12,000,000 women pledged
to loyal service of this Government.
They hold oonvietions and conventions
and Instead of depending on the hatchet
of pre-prohibition days to enforce law
they use their ballots to secure loyal
representatives. Women will cheerfully
grant to men management of the tariff,
finances, problems of transportation,
and water power. Men need the help
of women to oontrol the alcohol power.
Wish Amendment Carried Out.
Mrs. Sippel’s statment said:
"The General Federation is an organi
zation of 14,500 clubs in 9,800 of the
3,000 counties of this country,” she said,
“and I am expressing the will of this
group when I say they wish the
eighteenth amendment carried out.”
The federation had gone on record
since 1919 as favoring prohibition, she
added, and explained that at later con
ventions it had reiterated its stand. .
Mrs. Peabody presented to the com
mittee statements from many prominent
women who favored the eighteenth
amendment. Among them were Repre
sentative Ruth Bryan Owen, Democrat,
Florida; Mrs. Percy V, Pennybacker of
Austin, Tex., former president of the
General Federation of Women’s Clubs,
and Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, the
New York suffragist
Mrs. Catt said:
“I give my testmony that in my own
considerable circle of acquaintances
and friends, with two exceptions, I have
found no man, woman or child who
drinks, brews, smuggles, purchases, sells
or distributes any form of alcoholic
liquor. These enormous dry circles,
stretching from ocean to ocean, appear
to me to represent the climax of normal
civilized growth.
“Those who still crave alcohol, must
acquire self-discipline before they at
tain the civilized standard. Therefore,
for them prohibition is necessary.”
Mrs. Jesse Nicholson of Chevy Chase,
Md., who said she represented 200,000
Democratic women of the National
Woman’s Democratic Law Enforcement
committee, said she had no quarrel
with persons, or groups, seeking by
lawful means and through orderly pro
cedure to amend, modify or repeal the
Volstead act and the eighteenth amend
ment.
"What we do condemn and de
nounce,” she asserted "is the attempt
to nullify existing law, to repudiate a
solemn obligation, to deride and flout
the Constitution of our country and to
insult the law abiding, God fearing
men and women of America by openly
advocating nullification and contempt
for lawful authority.”
"Some of the wet witnesses,” she
said, “claim they want a referendum.
Surely they don’t want to put the Gov
ernment to the expense of having a
referendum oftener than every two
years, which has shown that each
Congress has been drier than the last.
“Not one witness who has spoken be
fore this committee has had a definite,
workable plan if the eighteenth amend
ment was repealed. Nearly all have
said 'We leave It up to Congress,' thus
throwing off the responsibility.”
Mary E. Woolley, president of Mount
Holyoke College, wrote that she be
lieved “in the eighteenth amendment
without modification of the Volstead
act in favor of wines and beers” and
said she was glad to assert her al-
I leglance to the Constitution and "my
own rigid personal observance of the
I law In favor of prohibition."
Mrs. Clarenee Marshall Busch as
Miami, Fla-, president at the National
League of American Women, said that
THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 12, 1930.
as a writer, she was glad to “under
write prohibition, the moral life In
surance of our Nation,” and pleaded for
“sober judges, clear-headed statesmen
and an unswerving public to keep our
Nation from fallins.”
Louise Hill Llebwt of New York, in
ternational president of the King's
Daughters and Sons, said the 78,000
membership of her organization in 40
States stood for prohibition, and de
picted better living conditions in the
homes as a result of the 10-year-old
law. She predicted that the boys and
girls born under prohibition would be
more able bodied and clear headed than
those of other generations.
In all, some three dosen women pre
sented their statements. Mrs. Vic Dona
hey, the wife of the former Governor
of Ohio, said that her State is "squarely
for prohibition and law enforcement”
and “will support and honor with high
office only those who are willing to do
theic duty In these Important matters.”
Mrs. James L. Laidlaw of the New
York Committee for Law Enforcement
expressed the opinion that young people
are drinking less than they did before
in the history of the world.
Representative Ruth Bryan Owen of
Florida reaffirmed the platform on
which she was elected to the House,
pledging herself to “uphold the Con
stitution of the United States and the
amendments thereto.”
Representing the Federation of For
eign Mission Boards of North America,
Mrs. F. I. Johnson said:
"We are not a church 'lobby.' We
are compelled, however, to combat the
persistent unending lobby of men
pledged to the liquor traffic for their
own gain or their own destruction.”
The president of the Council of
Women for Home Missions, Mrs. Orrin
R. Judd, emphasized the necessity of
preserving the sacredness of the Con
stitution and laws, particularly as an
example to aliens, Indians and Negroes.
Mrs. Robert E. Speer, president of
the national board of the Young
Women’s Christian Associations, called
the committee’s attention to resolutions
adopted by that organization In 1924,
1926 and 1928, pledging support of law
enforcement and emphasizing prohibi
tion.
Mrs. Henry Marshall Kendrick of
Washington, D. C., representing the
National Council of Federated Church
Women, declared for enforcement of
the eighteenth amendment with no re
peal "and for the Volstead act without
modification."
Strict and impartial enforcement of
the eighteenth amendment waa de
scribed as a "child welfare measure,"
by Mrs. William Tilton, national chair
man of legislation for the National
Congress of Parents and Teachers.
Mrs. William H. Alexander of Ohio
discredited charges that the eighteenth
amendment is responsible for crime and
lawlessness and said. “We believe that
the success already attained in the
short space of 10 years in prohibition
enforcement is the greatest moral
miracle of the age.”
From Seattle. Wash., came the state
ment of Bertha K. Landes, former
mayor of that city, holding that the
prohibition law can be enforced "rea
sonably” in the same proportion as
other restricted laws. This, she said,
she knew from her own experience,
adding that "the failure of those In
power to carry cm honestly and effi
ciently is the cause of a great deal of
our present difficulties.”
California Women Opposed.
The organized women of Southern
California are definitely opposed to re
peal or modification of the eighteenth
amendment, Mrs. Manard F. Thayer,
vice chairman of the woman’s com
mittee for Southern California, reported,
adding that dry sentiment was growing
also in social and unorganized groups, i
Resolutions In support of prohibition
observance and enforcement adopted by
women’s organizations of California
Fere presented by Mrs. Paul Raymond,
chairman of the Woman’s Committee
of Five Thousand, San Francisco. One
said that, "following in the footsteps of
the First Lady of* the Land, we refuse
invitations where we are reasonably sure
that the hostess will violate the prohi
bition law.”
"I am a dry,” explained Mrs. Ray
mond Robins of Florida, honorary
chairman of the Woman’s Trade Union,
"as the result of living in the old sev
enteenth ward in Chicago with over 600
saloons In our ward of less than one
mile square, with Innumerable bootleg-
Ers and speakeasies, called blind pigs
those days." -
A resolution sent by the Kentucky
Woman’s Committee for Law Enforce
ment set out that "State control would
be a step backward to unsatisfactory
conditions," discounted the amount of
crime credited to prohibition and re
ported the benefits of prohibition as
“very great in Kentucky.”
DR. GUNNING LOSES
IN SUPREME COURT
Verdict of SIO,OOO Awarded to
Mils Gertrude L. Cooley
Is Sustained.
The Supreme Court today sustained
a verdict of SIO,OOO against Dr. Ed
ward J. Gunning of 1616 Sixteenth
street, awarded by the lower courts to
Miss Gertrude L. Cooley, 163 Todd place
northeast, who claimed the physician
had used a solution in treating her for
ear trouble which had destroyed her
hearing.
The evidence introduced by Miss
Cooley in her action brought against
Dr. Gunning was held to be sufficient
to warrant recovery for malpractice
against the physician. Justice Butler
delivered the decision.
Counsel for Dr. Gunning contended
that the case should not have gone to
the Jury, but that the trial Judge should
have ordered it dismissed because the
evidence was “hot sufficient to sustain
the complaint.
The Court of Appeals approved the
action of the trial court in permitting
the case to go to the jury, but Justice
Van Orsdel, who joined in sustaining
the action, severely criticized the prac
tice which prevails in the District in
such matters, taking the view that trial
judges should cease to be “mere auto
matons.” and stated that verdicts should
be “based upon substantial Issues of fact
rather than on mere caprice or sym
pathy.”
NATIVE OF FRANCE SUES
BANK TO RECOVER $20,301
Charges National Savings Company
Neglected to Carry Out Order
to Sell Stock.
Coldwell S. Johnston of Paris, France
has filed suit in the District Supreme
Court to recover 820,301 from the Na
tional Savings & Trust Co. for alleged
neglect to carry out cabled orders to
sell certain stocks owned by him which
were In a safe deposit box of the com
pany. He says the bank had agreed to
act as his agent, and prior to Septem
ber last he had stock of the Auburn
Automobile Co. In the safe deposit box.
He cabled, he asserts, September 28 to
the bank to honor sales orders placed
with his Paris bank and Informed the
company that his mother had the key
to the box. October 2 the stock was
selling for $421 per share, he declares.
On his return to America in January,
he tells the court, he learned that his
stock had not been sold. He recently
disposed of the stock at $220 per share
and received 822.220 and seeks to have
the trust company pay the difference
between that amount and 842,821 which
a sale at 8421 would have netted. At
torneys W. A. Johnston ahd W. A.
Coombe appear for the plaintiff.
DEFICIENCY BILL
PASSED BY SENATE
$700,000 Appropriation for
; D. C. Government Sent
to Conference.
The first deficiency bill, carrying ap-
I proximately $700,000 for urgent need*
of the District government and more
than $1,500,000 for a number of Fed
eral projects in Washington, passed the
Senate this afternoon and was sent to
conference. The bil 1 previously had
passed the House.
This deficiency bill, containing a total
of $171,869,377, was before the Senate
for only three hours, the tariff bill hav
ing been temporarily laid aside because
of the urgent nature of the deficiency
appropriations.
The measure as laid before the Senate
contained a total of $171,869,377, an In
crease of $123,627,814 over the total as
passed by the House recently. All of
these items are to meet urgent needs
of the Government.
Os outstanding Interest to Washing
ton are the following items:
For beginning work on the United
States Supreme Court Building, $500,-
000; for the purchase of a site and
erection of a large warehouse for the
Federal Government in the District,
$440,000; for continuing work on the
Arlington Memorial Bridge, $200,000;
for the construction of two modern In
cinerators by the District government
to destroy miscellaneous city refuse, an
initial appropriation of $550,000.
The bUI also contains a Senate
amendment giving the Commissioners
$113,000 additional for the public
schools for the balance of this year, of
which SIOO,OOO is to complete the pur
chase of a site for the Jefferson Junior
High School. The balance is for the
upkeep of school facilities for crippled
children.
Other District items are:
For the installation of a laundry at
the District workhouse and reformatory,
$65,000; for the Zoological Park. $2,000;
for street cleaning for the balance of
this year, $26,000. and for the Colum
bia Institution for the Deaf. $1,750.
The bill also carried $20,500 for ex
penses of the George Washington bi
centennial commission, $21,000 for the
Smithsonian Institution and approxi
mately. $145,000 for the activities of the
Office of Public Buildings and Public
Parks.
One of the first items approved by
the Senate after It took up the bill
was $60,000 for the cleaning and up
keep of the Senate Office Building
during the remainder of this fiscal
year and $2,578 for the installation
of new traffic lights in the Capitol
Grounds. The Senate also approved
$12,500 allowed by the House for re
pairs to greenhouses in the Botanic
Gardens.
The bill is under the direction of
Senator Wesley L. Jones of Washing
ton. chairman of the appropriations
committee.
CLAIM OF TEACHERS
REJECTED BY COURT
Supreme Body Befuaet to Fan on
, Csse Involving Longevity
P*y*
T’l *-]
The Supreme Court today refused to
pass on the claim of Madeline Padgett
and six other teachers in the public
schools here that in the reclassifica
tion and rearrangement of salarlek un
der the act of June, 1924, that they
were not given proper increases for
longevity.
The case Involved the question
whether longevity pay amounting to
about S2OO a year should be added to
the higher salary schedules for school
teachers pflt into effect in 1925 by the
law passed June, 1924.
The District contended that these
longevity increases had already been
taken into account in fixing the new
basic salaries set up in the 1924 act.
The petitioners claim that it was the
intent of the act to give them the
longevity increases in addition
The Municipal Court decided in fa
vor of the school teachers. Cases In
volving various phases of the act were
argued before the District Court of Ap
peals three times. The Court of Ap
peals sustained the District on each oc
casion and the appellants asked the
Supreme Court of the United States for
a writ of certiorari, which was denied
today.
It was estimated that about $500,000
is involved in the case in back salaries.
MRS. HARRIMAN TALKS
TO DEMOCRATIC WOMEN
Educational Council Elects Miss
Mae Helm President—Will
)
Honor Jackson.
The District of Columbia Democratic
Women’s Educational Council was ad
dressed last night by Mra. J. Borden
Harriman, at its regular meeting at the
Washington Hotel.
Election of officers resulted In the
following: President, Miss Mae Helm;
first vice president, Mrs. Clara Wright
Smith; second vice president. Miss
Mary E. Lazenby; recording secretary,
Mrs. Grattan Kerens; corresponding
secretary, Miss Beauford Kelley; treas
urer, Mrs. R. F. Noble; parliamentarian,
Mrs. William Partridge, and auditors.
Miss Mary E. Hell and Mrs. Maude
Murphy.
The president was instructed to lay
a wreath on Jackson’s statue In Lafay
ette Square on March 15, In the name
of the council, in token of respect to
Jackson’s qualities as a civic and mili
tary leader, as well as his champion
ship of the rights of District citizens.
Plans were made for a pilgrimage to
Monticello April 13.
Census Taken Shun ‘Tools’ Day.”
ATLANTA, March 19 (A*).—- Enumer
ation of the decennial Federal census
will start April 3 Instead of April 1,
because of the superstition of some
persons regarding April Fool’s day, Dr.
william M. Stuart, census director, told
district supervisors from five south
eastern States in a two-day school end-
ing here today. Hanoi, Tongking, en route to Japan.
IT LOOKED, SMELLED AND TASTED
I LIKE VARNISH REMOVER—BUT!
i . - ■ ..
l
i Good Varnish Remover May Be Poor Liquor and Cause
1 for Jailing, Evanston Man Discovers.
i .
I
• | By the Auoclated Praia.
' EVANSTON, 111., March IS.—William
1 Harper, referring to the gallon Jug
found In the back of his ear when
i stopped by Evanston police yesterday,
[ said:
; "Varnish remover!"
Squad members taking a sniff, one
> after the other, agreed:
"Smells like varnish remover!"
But Just to make sure they took him
to the station where he produced a paint
BOMBAY RIOTS MAR
PROTEST OF GANDHI
Indian Nationalist Leader
Starts March From Ahma
dabad Peacefully.
B 7 the Associated Press.
BOMBAY, India, March 12.—Disor
ders occurred In Bombay today as a
consequence of demonstrations in cele
bration of Mahatma Gandhi's inaugu- j
ration of the civil disobedience cam- j
palgn at Ahmadabad.
Showcases were smashed in two pro- ;
vision stores when a crowd parading
through the streets saw European cus
tomers Inside. Windows of the offices of
the Times of India also were smashed.
An amusing incident occurred in con
nection with hoisting of the national
flag in Congress House when the Com
munal Band, borrowed for the occasion,
unconsciously struck up “God Save the <
King.” There was an outburst of hiss
ing and shouting and the band became
silent. The ceremony proceeded after
ward without music.
Two thousand schoolboys demonstrat
ing In the afternoon clashed with po
lice. Several boys were Injured and sent
to hospitals.
START OF MARCH IS QUIET.
Gandhi’s Appearance Dispels Rumors
He Hae Been Arrested.
AHMADABAD. India, March 12 UP).—
Inaugurating their campaign for com
plete Indian Independence from Great
Britain, Mahatma Gandhi, 61-year-old
Nationalist leader, and 79 of his dis
ciples today began a march to Jalalpur,
where the first of their measures
against the British crown will be en
acted.
Twenty thousand persons gathered
at the entrance of Mahatma Gandhi’s
quarters to watch the pioneer party
make their exit, at 6:30 a.m.. In what
waa the first step of the long-heralded
"civil disobedience” espoused by the All-
India National Congress at Lahore In
January.
Other crowds lined the route chosen
by the marchers, who planned their
first two halts at the villages of Asall
and Bareja. Sixteen students of the
Gujeret Vieyaplth (Gandhi’s national
university), all of whom had auspicious
saffron marks on their foreheads, pre
ceded tine party proper.
Gandhi’s appearance belled recurring
reports that he had been arrested by
order of the viceroy, Lord Irwin. It
was regarded as by no means sure,
however, that he would not be taken
into custody, in which case the 16 stu
dents acting as an advance guard were
expected to take up his program and
continue the march ahead as propa
gandists.
The party planned to take 20 days to
reach the Gulf of Cambay, where they
will attempt to produce salt In viola
tion of the government monopoly, thus
inaugurating a program which has for
its ultimate ends non-payment of taxes
and nation-wide non-participation with
the British government in India. En
route Gandhi and his disciples will
preach their doctrine of civil disobedi
ence, stressing always necessity for Its
retaining a non-violent character, the
keystone of Gandhi's creed.
The countryside from Ahmadabad to
ward Jalalpur, a distance of about 165
miles, was flooded with colored pam
phlets summoning people of the towns
and villages on the route of the march
to turn out In full force and to make
bonfires of foreign-made cloth.
The government’s plans for coping
with Gandhi's agitation never have been
revealed.
Persistent rumors of imminent arrest
of Gandhi last night caused consider
able stir In the city and about 1,000
people kept an all-night vigil outside
the gates of the "Ashram," Gandhi’s
university, which waa guarded by wom
an pickets.
At 6:30 a.m. Gandhi stepped out In
front of his devotees and took the lead
of the procession as it began its long
trip Hundreds of people marched in
their wake and police contented them
selves with maintaining control of
traffic.
VISITINGNURSES NOTE
INCREASE IN PATIENTS
Handle 84 Per Cent More Free
Cases—Unemployment
Blamed.
A 24 per cent increase in free patients
during January and February, as com
pared with the corresponding period
last year, was reported yesterday at a
meeting of the board of managers, In
structive Visiting Nurse Society. Speak
ers ascribed this condition to unem
ployment in Washington.
During February the nurses of the
society gave attention to 3,523 patients,
making 9,029 calls. This represents an
increase of 291 patients over February
of last year.
The nursing staff was inadequate to
care for all the calls for assistance, and
requests for visits from 816 patients,
many at them seriously 111, had to be
refused during the month of February,
the report said.
The latter group included persons
suffering from tuberculosis ana other
chronic diseases.
Mrs. John W. Davldge presided at the
meeting, which was attended by Mrs.
J. Davis Brodhead, Miss Elizabeth
Bryan, Mrs. G. Howland Chase, Mrs.
Dwight Clark, Mrs. Charles B. Craw
ford. Joshua Evans, Jr.; Miss Janet
Houtz, Miss Virginia Hunt, Mrs. G.
Brown Miller, Mrs. Cressen Newbold,
Mrs. Ord Preston, Mrs. John W. Stem
hagen, Mrs. J. W. Turrentlne, Mrs.
Frank E. Weeden and Mrs. Charles F-
Wllson and Miss Gertrude H. Bowling,
director.
British Army Funds Cut
LONDON, March 12 (JF}.—British
Army estimates for 1930 total £40,500,-
000, a decrease of £605.000. The total
men In establishment, exclusive of In
dia, is 148,900, as compared with 150,500
in 1929.
Van Lear Black at Bankok.
BANKOK. Siam, March 12 (JP).—
Van Lear Black arrived here today
from Akyab, Burma, after an unevent
ful flight. He will leave Saturday for
brush and applied some of the liquid
to the sergeant’s desk. The varnish
immediately shriveled up, prompting the
sergeant to assert:
"Acts like varnish remover I”
But to make doubly sure, Oapt
Charles Paasch who was In eharge of
liquor cases, was called In. He wet his
finger with the liquid, tasted It glngerlv
and announced:
"It Is varnish remover, and a very
good grade—but it is also moonshine
a very poor grade.’.'
Harper was locked up.
OIL MAGNATE ON TRIAL AGAIN
Bl ' ''jlffp v
■tfgn
Jk
Mrej&P 0
: : 's*' ■<■''■ "■v-a
Edward F. Doheny (left), who once more faced m Jury In Dlstriet Supreme
Court today on charge* growing out of the naval oil leaaee. With him is Frank
J. Hogan, chief of counsel. —Star Staff Photo.
COMPLETE DOHENY
I BRIBERY CASE JURY
[
' Three Women and Nine Men
i Selected From List of
33 Prospects.
i -
(Continued From First Page.)
elded at the trial last October that
. resulted In the conviction of Fall for
acceptance of the alleged bribe, con*
vened court at 10 o’clock this morning.
Adjournment had been taken from
Monday out of respect to the memory
of William Howard Taft.
The trial got under way almost im
mediately after the court had sus
i talned the demurrer of the Govern*
> ment to the defense motion calling for
dismissal of the case on the ground
i of dual jeopardy.
There was one figure missing from
i the picture today. That was the tall,
i stooping form of former Secretary of
the Interior Albert B. Fall, who is ill
1 in his home at Three Rivers, N. Mex.,
. and unable to appear as a witness in
i behalf of his old friend Doheny.
Joseph J. Cotter of New York, for
merly counsel for the Pan-American
. Petroleum Co., one of Doheny’s con
i cems, appeared as associate counsel for
. Frank J, Hogan in behalf of the oil
i defendant. At the Government’s coun
i sel table with Owen J. Roberts and At
t lee Pomerene, special Government coun
sel, were United States Attorney Leo
I A. Rover and Nell P. Burkinshaw, who
, has assisted in the oil trials.
The scene in the com room of Crim
; inal Division a was devoid of any
. \ thing even touching on the spectacular,
i Doheny was one of the first arrivals,
i appearing in the court house some 20
[ minutes before the court convened. The
proceedings got under way without
any delay.
i Justice Hits sustained the Govern
l men’s demurrer to the motion of the
t defense calling for dismissal of the
i case against the oil man on the ground
• of dual jeopardy, and Mr. Doheny then
F entered a general plea of not guilty to
the bribery charges.
In less than 10 minutes the task
of selecting from the first panel the
12 jurors who are to sit in the case
1 was started. Before this was done,
however, Justice Hits called the tales
i men to form in a circle before the
bench and gave each of them an op
portunity to be excused from duty.
Following the procedure In the
i previous trial of Fail, he told them
the court had assumed responsibility
for locking up the jury for duration of
the trial, which, he warned them,
might last for two or three weeks.
During this time, he said, no Juror
would be permitted to communicate
, with persons on the outside, except
. through officials of the court.
I Two of the 11 women on the panel
k were excused when they stated their
. inability to serve under these condi
. tions. Mrs. Nina Latham of 1343
. Clifton street explained she had a child
to care for and it would be a hardship
. on the family to remain away from
home even for a few days. Mrs. Mary
Ash of 1335 Shepherd street asked to
, be excused on account of a sick mother.
The 12 seats of the Jury box were
> filled first by Warren W. Biggs, 1310
■ Euclid street; John J. Boobar, 3321
Wisconsin avenue; Clarence Canter, 214
: Fourteenth street; James A. Chappe
lear, 1322 Quincy street; James E.
’ Cheek, 3535 T street; Mrs. Genevieve
, Daly, 1628 Columbia road; Mrs. Leila
. H. Dienelt, 1631 S street; Leo S. Em
mons, 4446 Q street; Emory H. Eng
, lish, 5023 Sherler place; Mrs. Esther
M. Feeney, 450 Delafleld street; Conrad
. Fitts, 4526 Fessenden street, and Mrs.
Agnes O. Fugitt of 310 S street north
, east.
t Out of this list defense challenges
eliminated Biggs, Emmons and Mrs.
’ Dienelt.
I The defense also eliminated Dormer
S. Otto of 1020 Sixth street southwest
and Myron L. Stout, 2019 I street.
From the first list. Government chal
lenges eliminated Mr. Boobar, Mrs. Daly
and Mrs. Feeney.
The Government also eliminated Miss
Grace Marshall, colored, of 1753 Thir
, teenth street, and Miss Mary Haislup,
, of 213 P street.
[ Other jurors tentatively selected
. and then excused were Archibald D.
I Hawley of 2310 Connecticut avenue and
Mrs. Gladys Weeks, 9114 Eighth street.
UGHTSTOFF FORTAFT
RITES, TIE UP TRAFFIC
The turning off of the Fifteenth
street traffic light yesterday during the
passage of the funeral of former Presi
dent Taft, which gave rise to numerous
i complaints from motorists, was neces
i sary because the lights are hooked up
with the Sixteenth street lights, which
were turned off for the funeral, Maj.
Henry G. Pratt, superintendent of po
: lice, explained today. .. .
Motorists accustomed to being guided
by the lights on Fifteenth street, in
many cases blocked the Intersection
waiting for the lights to flash.
The precincts through which Six-
I teenth street passes were ordered *p
i post men at all intersections to block
i traffic into the stmt, three squares
ahead of the procession. These streets
remained blocked until after the pro
cession had passed, and in several cases
’ traffic backed up to Fifteenth street
i added to the confusion.
Lieut. L. I. H. Edwards, who was re
sponsible for the detail of the traffic
> arrangement*, said that everything was
,' done to keep traffic open as long as
possible without interfering with tne
procession.
SBOO IN VALUABLES
REPORTED STOLEN
Diamonds, Wrist Watch and Radio
Set Listed in Bobberies
Noted by Police.
Two diamond rings, a diamond locket,
a wrist watch and a radio, representing
a total value of SBOO, were reported
stolen to police in a series of thefts
yesterday.
William M. Smith of Fairfax, Va.,
salesman for the Barr Jewelry Co.,
Munsey Building, was the loser of a
$250 diamond ring when, after calling
at an H street southeast residence to
display the ring, the prospective pur
chaser left the room and failed to re
turn.
A diamond locket, valued at SSSO,
was stolen from the apartment of
Teresa De Lauder, 2100 N street, during
her absence yesterday.
Mrs. Lillian B. Zimmer, 3945 Con
necticut avenue, and Lena X. Kirtley,
909 Twentieth street, were the other
losers, Mrs. Zimmer reporting a slls
radio set stolen from the lobby of her
apartment and Miss Kirtley losing a
wrist watch and a diamond ling, valued
at S9O, taken from her apartment dur
ing her absence.
GERMAN REICHSTAG
ADOPTS YOUNG PLAN
AND PACT WITH U. S.
(Continued From First Faye.)
' mutual co-operation to stabilise the
world’s exchanges and to aid the
world’s export trade, besides putting
Germany’s reparations’ payments on a
strictly banking basis.
Dawn of New Era for Germany.
That a new era will begin for Ger
many will soon be outwardly manifest
ed—assuming that the outer powers
signatory to the Young plan also ap
prove It—by the gradual disappearance
of the last allied soldiers from the oc
cupied area, by the resignation of for
eigners from the directorates of the
Reichsbank and Federal Railways, and
by the departure of 8. Parker Gilbert,
agent general for reparations, and his
staff.
With the complete ratification of the
Young plan by all the interested par
ties, the last vestige of foreign control
will disappear In Germany, which, At
length, will have control of her own
affairs.
Payments to Ban 59 Yean.
Under the Young plan, which was
signed in Paris on June 7, 1939, the
payments which Germany must make
to the allied powers for the next 59
years were fixed. Delegates represent
ing six creditor nations, the United
States, Great Britain, France, Belgium,
Italy and Japan, then signed the report
with the representatives of Germany.
The plan, which took its name from
Owen D. Young, called for a reduction
of the reparations annuities during the
next 37 years from approximately $600,-
000.000 to an average of approximately
$492,000,000. Annuities of $408,000..-
000 were recommended for the last 22
years, subject to the profits of the Bank
for International Settlements created
under the agreement.
Date of Final Liquidation.
Under the plan the final liquidation
of the World War would be completed
in 1989. During the years from 1929
Germany would hand over to her credi
tors In money and goods nearly $24,-
000,000,000.
The changes In the original experts'
report made at The Hague Political
Conference met objection by Dr. HJal
mar Schacht, president of the Reichs
bank, who threatened that the Relehs
i bank would not participate In the in
ternational bank. However, he aban
doned his position eventually, but only
' a short time ago resigned as president
of the Reichsbank, contending that
Germany would suffer under the
amended plan. He was succeeded by
’ Dr. Hans Luther, former chancellor.
TAFT LEAVES ALL
REAL AND PERSONAL
PROPERTY TO WIDOW
(Continued From First Page.) 1
shall have been paid by him prior to his
death, it shall be deducted from the
bequest. A legacy of $5,000 Is given to
the Foundation of the Taft Bchool at
Watertown, Conn., established by bis
brother. Horace D. Taft, unless prior
payment had been made by the Chief
justice during bis lifetime.
Church Gets $2,509.
By the later codicil an additional
legacy of $2,500 la provided for the
Foundation of the Taft School. All
souls’ Unitarian Church, from which
the Chief Justice was burled yester
day. Is given $2,500.
Victor 8. Mersch, deputy register ot
wills, obtained the will and codicils with
other older wills from a safe deposit
box at the American Security 6$ Trust
Co., at Fifteenth street and Pennsyl
vania avenue.
The will was witnessed by Anna Con
nell of Clinton, Conn., and by J. 8.
Flannery and Edwin O. Burke of this
city. The witnesses to the first codicil
were George P. Way. New Haven. Conn.;
Edwin O. Burke and William W. Crow
ley of Washington. Those witnessing
the second codicil were William w.
Crossley, Edwin O. Burke and Man
Hanson j
Snakes
in India. ■
BYRD MAY RETURN
TO SCAN ROSS SEA
Hint of New Expedition to
Antarctica Is Seen in
Interview.
(Continued From Pint Page.)
Laburumum, after an inspection tour,
Byrd received a 13-gun salute, his first
admiral’s salute since his promotion by
his country.
The government today granted Byrd
and his party free travel over railroads
and the premier’s lounge car has been
placed at the admiral’s disposal. In a
radio broadcast Byrd said that Amer- -
leans would hold everlasting gratitude
toward the people of New Zealand.
“In no other country," he said, “could
more lavish hospitality have been ac
corded our expedition.”
Gould Says Climate Once Tropical.
Dr. Lawrence Gould geologist of the _
expedition, said that ih” discovery of
coal on Mount Nansen had convinced
him that the Antarctic until compara
tively recent years had either had a
tropical or subtropical climate. Dr.
Gould said he had determined, further,
that the Great Barrier was a floating
sea of ice anchored to islands and
mountains; that the Ross Sea extended
many more miles eastward than first
supposed, and that the Queen Maude
range of mountains was the greatest
in the world and unlike either the Him
alayas or the Andes. It is of the fault
block type, he said, and on them were
found two of the world's largest gla
ciers.
The possibility of establishing weather
stations In the Antarctic to make fore
casts was not believed practical by Me
teoroliglst Haines of the expedition,
who said too many stations would be
necessary, making the expense too great
for practical purposes. Forecasts from
the Antarctic, however, he said, would
be useful to South America, and man
could live there indefinitely with the
proper food and clothing.
Expedition Almost Bankrupt.
Admiral Byrd said that the two air
planes he had left at Little America
would be returned to the United States,
and although they were still serviceable,
they would be presented to the Nation.
Photographers'Vandeveer and Ruck
er sailed for Panama on the steamer
Tamaroa with 150,000 feet of film. Van
deveer, who is rushing the film to Amer
ica for development, said that photog
raphy was made difficult by the intense
, cold of the Antarctic.
Rear Admiral Byrd said yesterday
, that his expedition was on the verge of
bankruptcy. He hoped, however, that
it would “pull through all right.”
His ships, the Eleanor Bolling and the
City of New York, were equipped at a
cost estimated at $750,000.
: BYRD ASTONISHED BY BADIO TALK
, Explorer and Writer Tell es Novel Ex
; pedenee In Spooking From Dunedin.
BY BUSSELL OWEN.
, By Cable to The Star and New York Tbnee.
DUNEDIN, New Zealand, March 12.
Telephoning to New York from one
third of the way around the world is a
novel experience. Admiral Byrd and 1
talked this morning with A. 8. Ochs.
A. H. Sulsberger and others, and heard
them at times as plainly as though
over the usual wire.
Static sometimes blotted a saw words
out, but on the whole the conversation
was understood.
Admiral Byrd with H. T. Tapley,
, James Duncan, Charles Lofgrep and ,
myself went to the studio at the deeig
! nated hour yesterday about midnight
t Dunedin time,- about 7 a.m. Tuesday,
l New York time.
A. R. Harris, general manager of the
New Zealand Broadcasting Co., was
establishing connections with station
■ 2XAF, the General Electric plant at
' Schenectady when we arrived.
! Byrd le Told About Hook-up.
i Admiral Byrd looked over the station
. and was told how the hook-up was
made. It is believed to be the longest
i telephone connection ever made.
I The conversations from New York
, were heard through headphones and
i loud speakers In the other rooms. The
first to speak was Mr. Ochs,
i "Hello, Mr. Ochs,” said Admiral Byrd
• leaning forward In his chair. “Can
I you hear me?”
“Yes, X hear you perfectly,” replied
t Mr. Ochs.
“It is good to hear your voice again.”
said Admiral Byrd. “We always enjoy
hearing you and It gave us great pleas
i ure to hear you this Winter on the Ice.
i Now this la a real treat to speak with
i you now, and I can’t tell you bow
i much we enjoy It.”
Mr. Ochs then talked for some time
1 and when he finished Admiral Byrd an
, swered, “it Is so overwhelming to hear
; you speak that way of us that words
fail me. I did not know people at home
i felt that way. It is difficult for me to .
t answer you except by saying how much
! I appreciate it.”
Admiral Byrd wished Mr. Ochs a
’ happy birthday.
-Byrd Is Astonished.
Admiral Byrd then spoke with Martin
I Rice of the General Electric Co. and
told him how astonished he was at the
success of this radio telephone com
munication.
I also had the pleisure of speaking to
I Mr. Ochs.
> "It is good to hear you again,” I said,
"and It makes me feel that at least I
am actually coming home.”
The conversations began to blur ■
' slightly toward the end and there was
I difficulty in distinguishing the words.
It was a remarkable sensation to talk
so far around the world, particularly
when speaking with those whom one
had not seen for a year and a half.
rWhts for publication reserved throughout
the world.)
BAND CONCERTS.
By the United States Marine Band
Orchestra this evening at the audi
torium, Marine Barracks. Taylor Bran
son, leader; Arthur 8. Whitcomb, sec
ond leader.
March, “Grotesque” Binding
Overture, “Egmont” Beethoven
(a) “Cripple Creek,” from “Southern
Mountains”..Lamar Strlngfield
I (b) “The Enchanted Hour”....Hahn
Excerpts from “Naughty Marietta,”
Herbert
Meditation from “Thais” Massenet
Scherso from “Midsummer Night's
Dream” Mendelssohn
Suite No. 2, “Peer Gynt,’’ Opus
55 Grieg
Marines’ hymn, “The Halls of
Montesuma.”
“The Star Spangled Benner.”
By the United Statea Soldiers' Home
Band Orchestra, Stanley Hall, tomor
row evening, at 5:30 o’clock. John S.
M. Zimmermann, bandmaster; Anton
Pointnet, assistant leader.
March, “Vienna Forever”.. .Schrammel
Irish overture, “The Beauties of
Erin” Bennet
Entr'Acte—
(a) “Legends" Priml
(b) “A Celtic Dance” .Bullard
Gems from the comic opera, "The
Grand Duchess” Offenbach
Fox trot, “Someday Soon” Fischer
Walts suite, “Confidences”. .WaMtaufel
Finale, “The Imperial” Anthony
“The Star Spangled Banner.”
Foresees Women in High Hole.
PARIS, March 12 (A*).—Overthrov
)f the dictatorship of man la predicted
| In a book by Lucien Romier, French '
editor. He expects that woman win be A
San’s economic equal and supreme tor
e hone.

xml | txt