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THE EVENING STAR With Sunday Morning Mitten. j WASHINGTON, D. C. ■THURSDAY March 27, 1930 THEODORE W. NOYES Editor ■ The Evening Star Newspaper Company , Business Off re: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Are. New York Office: 110 East 4Snd St. I Chicago Office- Lake Michigan Bulldlnc. European Office: 14 Resent 8t . London. ; . England. Rate by Carrier Within the City. n>e Evenlnr Star 4tc per month She Evening end Sunday Btar (when 4 Sundays) 80c per month The Evening and Sunday Star (when S nnndaysi We per month The Sunday Star .. 8c per copy Collection made at (he end of each month. Orders may be aent In by mall or telephone National 9000. Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Slly and Sunday.... 1 yr.. *lO 00: 1 mo.. 08c lly only 1 yr.. *6.00; 1 mo.. 80c nday only 1 yr.. 14.00: 1 mo . 40c All Other States and Canada. Daily and Sunday. 1 yr.. 112. Ml; 1 mo.. *1 no pslly only Iyr . 18 00:1 mo . 7Sc Sunday only 1 yr., *9.00; 1 mo.. 80c Member of the Associated PVess. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for of all new* dis patches credited to it or not others lse cred ited in this paper and also the local news published herein. All rtshts of publication of special dispatches htrein art also reserved. The Airport Bill. After hearing the objections of in terested cltiaens. the Senate subcommit tee in charge of the airport legislation has evidently decided that they do not outweigh the merits of the proposal and a favorable report on the Bingham bill is expected. The opposition was based, generally, on two grounds. The first was that the airport proposal Involves an unneces sary and unjust expenditure of the taxpayers' money and that the munici pality does not need this airport. The second was that the area proposed In the legislation Is too small and that bridges and other structures offer handicaps from the technical point of view. The question of relativity enters into this first objection. It is contended, •nd correctly so, that the District needs other improvements than an airport. Recent discussions of the budget and the financial condition of the Dis trict indicate plainly that on the basis of the present system of financing the Capital there are no available revenues In sight to pay for some of the proj ects that now are pressing. The remedy lor that condition, however, does not lie in defeating the Bingham bill or In defeating other proposed measures lor Capital Improvement. The remedy lies in a change from the present in equitable system of Capital financing. Realizing the necessity of such projects as the airport, and examining the pres ent financial structure of the District government. Congress will, In fairness to the unrepresented taxpayers of the District, consider the necessity of a change that will increase the arbitrary amount now set aside annually in the District appropriation bills. Os course, the airport is a necessary project. The next five years will make that apparent. Opponents of the Bing ham bill have been in favor of an air port from the beginning. The relative value of the site now under considera tion and the site at Gravelly Point Is the issue that divides them. The Bing ham K ! ), providing for a contribution of V from the Federal Government and . . a loan without interest from the Federal Government by which the District Is to pay for its share, conferring title to the United States but resting jurisdiction and control of the airport to the hands of the municipality, repre sents a fair division of the costs. It is contended In this connection that the District is left at the mercy of the Federal Government; that the Fed eral Government is permitted full use of the facilities at the field at no cost and that the Commissioners them selves. as administrative officers of the Federal Government, represent the United States more than the taxpayers of the District. This is a condition that is not confined in its application to the airport. Congress exercises exclusive Jurisdiction here. Fairness to the Dis trict Is always dependent upon the moral obligations assumed by its legisla tors; a matter that will not be changed until the District is given representation 1 to Congress. As for the technical objections to the field, the experts themselves seem to be divided on that matter. Gravelly Point, upon which there Is apparently . universal * agreement, has not been abandoned. The site on the other side 'of the river as defined in the Bingham , bill can be construed as the nucleus lor the great aeronautic development that time will bring. When the air plane Industry reaches the proportions of the automobile Industry and planes •re as cheap as automobiles, the Dis trict's airport as now proposed will be too small. But It is well to get start ed now, with an eye to future ex pansion. Caligula was a bad example of what enjoyment of arbitrary personal power may lead to. By stopping the work to recover his barges in Lake Nemi, Pre mier Mussolini cuts short interest in an ancient and unprofitable scandal. Prohibition quarrels led to a duel In Mississippi in which a bondsman for a man charged with liquor law violation was killed. A twentieth amendment should not become necessary In order to prevent dueling. Florida's Unwelcome Guest. Alphonse Capone, who recently com pleted a ten-month sojourn at a Penn sylvania rest cure, or social sanitarium, after a brief visit to Chicago is on his way to his island home in Florida, where, it is announced, he will spend the remainder of the Spring in further recuperation from the strain of busi ness cares. But there is some question about hospitality that makes the situa tion of Mr. Capone rather uncomfort able. A few days ago, while Mr. Capone was being told by certain authorities in Chicago that his presence in that city was not altogether agreeable, the Gov ernor of in anticipation of the •outnward move, gave orders that he should be arrested upon crossing the Une of the State. Thereupon the busi ness representatives of Mr. Capone— who has an extensive organization invoked the law, asking for an injunc tion against such rude conduct. Th; court granted a temporary injunction, thereby assuring Mr. Capone free en trance into the State and permitting him upon arrival to proceed to his stronghold. which, rumor saya is pre pared lor a siege. But the Governor of Florida continues to feel toward Mr. Capone in an Inhospitable mood. He declares that while Florida as a play ground is in the nature of things more ) liberal than other States, It will not be . a haven for the crooks and criminals • or the headquarters for gangsters and . gunmen. So it is Indicated that if the ’ writ of Injunction now temporarily Issued is not made permanent upon a hearing the governor may order Mr. Capone's eviction. If the unwelcome guest is in a defiant mood the country ( may witness an interesting spectacle of beleaguerment and conflict for the 1 purpose of putting one Individual out- J side the State boundaries. And all this : because in the past Mr. Capone has been a highly successful promoter of the Industry known as racketeering in Chi cago, In the prosecution of which he has ; been his own legislature, his own police : force, his own court and his own ex ecutioner. Otherwise he Is perfectly all i right. The Governor's Gavel. Who is to be the next Democratic standard bearer, or, in short, the candi date for President in 1932? That is a question that, despite the fact that two and a quarter years will elapse before the nomination, is now greatly interest ing members of the party. Democratic hopes of success In the next election are unquestionably rising, in consequence In part of the troubles of the Republicans in working out farm relief and a tariff ' measure, and the development of faction in Congress, not to mention the prohi bition question, which may become a party issue to the next campaign. And there are certain signs of an ebb tide in Republican affairs, as in the municipal election at Kansas City, Mo., where the Democrats have just elected a mayor and all local officials, in a complete overturn of conditions. Again, there is the economic reaction of last Fall and Winter, with its accompaniment of un employment, which is always a Demo cratic argument for a change of parties in control. Indeed, such Is the rise of confidence as to the ouster of the Re publicans from control of the next House of Representatives that Demo cratic Speakership aspirations are being quietly canvassed, long in advance of a possible contingency. So it is that there are evidences of an awakened interest in the line-up at the next Democratic national conven tion. wherever it may be held—with Houston probably quite out of the range of choice. First of all,.there is former Gov. Smith, on the principle that one good rim deserves another. He Is not making any signs of receptivity or desire. He is very busy with his new work of erecting the highest skyscraper in New York. He gives not a single sign of any Idea that he might make a third race for nomination, and, if suc cessful In that, a second race for the Presidency. He is altogether sphinx like. So is Franklin Roosevelt, Governor of New York, one-time candidate for Vice President. Toward him is cast many a hopeful look from Democratic eyes. He would, many believe, but perhaps for his physical affliction make a wonderful candidate. He made a great race for the governorship in 1928 and won, against the handicap of an overwhelm ing Republican vote for President. He does not seem to have suffered par ticularly in the stress of office. An in cident is just reported that may have a possible bearing upon this question. The other day a caller noticed on the governor’s desk at Albany the gavel that was used in the Ban Francisco convention in 1920, when he was named for the Vice Presidency. Asked why it was there, he replied that he was going to have a plate put on it. En sued then this cryptic colloquy: Getting It ready for 1932? No; I’m going to send it home. That would not prevent Its use in 1932, however. Oh. that belongs to the prehistoric period now! “Prehistoric!” Just what does that imply? Vice Presidency—l92o—prehis toric! But what about Presidency— -1932? Certainly nothing prehistoric about such a suggestion. Whatever may happen to the gavel, it certainly looks as though the Barkis of Albany might be quite willing. Washington, D. C., is entitled to a great airport. Presence of fog may cause delay in the consideration, as well as in future landings. Fog may relate to a mental no less than to a topo graphical condition. America is expected to conserve her oil, permitting Europe to take the cash and let the credit go. Wood and coal are growing scarcer. Fuel oil cannot be expected to remain available in unlim ited abundance. ■■■■ - ■ ■» 9 ■ ■ - March is an unsuitable month in which to hold an Inauguration. / A lin gering Winter leaves it a question as to how far it should be advanced in order to guarantee satisfaction. To Screen or Not to Screen. Whether the public likes synthetic home runs better than a regular stand ard article is again agitating base ball owners, but is quite likely to die a quiet death as long as the New York team controls the services of that expensive performer known as George Herman Ruth. During the past Winter President Barnard of the American League has been working hard on plans to put screens thirty feet high on bleachers or other stands three hundred and twenty five feet from the plate, twenty-foot screens at distances up to three hundred and fifty feet from the plate, and make all other parts of the field legitimate home run zones. Everything went smoothly until he approached Col. Rup pert, who balked Immediately at any possible curtailment of Ruth's pro digious feats with the bat. and Ruppert is unlikely to change his stand on the matter until the “Sultan of Swat” puts away his mace and hangs up his glove. It is an interesting Idea, though, and one. It appears, that merits the careful consideration of the base ball moguls Ever since Ruth began his march to fame along the home run route this phase of the game has been greatly ex- i | aggerated. The ball has been made ! livelier and additions placed on bleacher j and grandstand accommodations In many cities with the natural result that ' even the puniest of batters succeed in . compiling remarkable records forround ; I trippers. Such arts as base steal i' lng and general inside strategy are new • seldom used, and the close, exciting [ games of the put have been replaced THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, P. C., THURSDAY, MABCH 27, 19311. . in most oases by general slugging s matches with parades of pitchers. Both kinds of games have their sup i porters, and it might be a good plan for > each team owner to canvass the fans i for sentiment before making any altera- I tions in the stands. Some persons do > not like to sit behind screens, even ■ back of the plate, and there might be a i legitimate feeling that regardless of the desirability of standardizing the length ■ of a hit to be classed as a home run attendance would suffer if most of the ■ customers had to watch the perform ■ ances of the athletes through wire-net ting. But with Ruth on the field doing i his “stuff” discussion will probably be . substituted for any action looking to a . change. March's Closing Mood. Whatever the next few days may pro duce in the way of bad weather in this region, it is a fair assumption that Winter is over and that further suffering will not be caused by any climatic rigors this season. Washington has evidently escaped from the worst phase of a storm that has just swept across country, in a more northerly range, and has caused distress and travel blockades, particu larly in the neighborhood of Chicago. In that city one of the worst experiences of the Winter has been had, with a very heavy fall of snow, a bitterly low temperature and some fatalities. March is notoriously a fickle month. It is “behaving” quite In character this year. There have been very cold days and very warm days during the past four weeks. There have been buds and leaves and ice. The blustering winds that are the particular mark of the month have roared and torn through this section, like an organ prelude to Spring. Now, just as the cherry blos soms are bursting open around the Tidal Basin, in Potomac Park, comes this flareback of Winter. Almost regularly every year there is a fear lett the cherry trees may blossom too soon, only to be blighted by frost. Once In awhile this happens, but not often. It would seem as though Nature, after all, is a fairly efficient disci plinarian. The present cold snap has not brought freezing temperatures, and with the passing of the “low” off to the Northeast the chances are altogether that the thermometer will steadily rise and thus bring about the annual trans formation scene At the Capital for which a great multitude always waits with eagerness. Millions of dollars spent for road improvement will be a form of life in surance. Every highway now in exist ence is entitled to recognition for long and honorable service. Fickleness of popular opinion asserts itself In the fact that a number of citi zens who used to laugh at Henry Ford are now inclined to grow angry. Chicago is in no mood to approve of a blizzard, even though it calls for ad ditional employment in the way of street cleaning. A hit-and-run motor driver may be hard to catch. The penalty should be the more severe on that account. SHOOTING STARS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. True Story. At cards a wife And husband true Fell into strife As folks may do. She stoutly thumped And bruised his face Because he trumped His partner's ace. If you would play A game that's fair, Do not delay To do your share. Do not be dumped Into disgrace Because you trumped Your partner’s ace! Bo be not proud. With care proceed. It’s wrong to crowd And grab the lead. A good man bumped And lost his place Because he trumped His partner's ace! Sharing Responsibilities. “What do you understand by coali tion?” “It's supposed to give the back-seat driver a chance,” said Senator Sorghum. “You keep the wheels of legislation going without knowing exactly who Is running the machine.” Jud Tunkins says more children would obey their parents if the parents were on hand more of the time to give directions. Harsh Experience. A member I should hate to be Os a grand jury clinic, For what I learned might render me Thenceforth a suffering cynic. A Little Encouraged. “I hear your boy Josh went broke on Wall Street!” “Yep,” answered Farmer Corntossel. “We feel a little encouraged. In order to go broke on Wall Street Josh must at least have saved up somethin' to start with.” "Splendor,” said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, “may cause a proud man to be overlooked because of his own magnificence.’? Playing Favorites. My radio! My radio! My hopes you often sever. A learned speech you chop in two. While jazz goes on forever. “A clear conscience is mighty com fortin’," said Uncle Eben, “but dar’s alius folks willin’ to sacrifice It foh do sake of a chicken dinner.” - Borah Will Be Questioned. Prom the Lowell Evening Leader. We learn that a Philadelphia saxo phone band of 60 pieces is planning to serenade President Hoover. But whether the Western insurgents put them up to it our informant does not say. Maybe They Should Meet. From the Hamilton. Ontario. Spectator. Forty-eight boys interviewed in a penitentiary said they started their career* by playing truant. So did some cf our foremost and Most respected cltzeoa. I THIS AND THAT I BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. A good small book for Lenten read ing is "Be of Good Cheer,” by the Rev. W. P. G. McCormick, vicar of St. Mar tin-in-the-Field, London, published by Longmans. Green St Co., New York. Here are 12 sermons written in a cer tain breezy, modern manner (the author has specialized in broadcasting talks in England), filled with the Christianity of Jesus Christ. The book has the imprimatur of the Bishop of London, who says, in an in troduction: "I am glad he has chosen the subject of ‘Joy.’ as Joy is the one note most wanted in our religion today. So often religion is associated with much that is drab and dull, whereas if we really believed what we profess to believe, our hearts would be ‘shouting for Joy’ all the time. * • • If we are to revive Religion, we have got to re store the idea of God to the world, not as a malevolent Power, or as a merely good-natured ‘Jove,’ but as revealed in all His Holiness. Greatness and Love in Jesus Christ Hinaself.” The hundred pages of the Rev. Mc- Cormick’s book take up successively the topic of the need of joy, the right idea of God, joy in God's will, the joy of the seeker, the joy of the worker, the joy of communion, things which destroy i joy, dullness (another destroyer), the joy of discipline, Joy in the church, the joy of Sunday, and the Joy with God. There is an epilogue, in which the vicar says: “There you have my own faith as a parson whose work is in the center of this noisy and bewildering clviliza -1 tion.” Those who expect to find after read ing the above list of chapters a typical religious book will be disappointed: and, on the other hand, those who like to ; find something new will be pleased, for the vicar of the church with the inter esting name is anything but a conven tional clergyman. ** * * He makes the need of joy emphatic. The statement is being made constantly, he says, that while people are at heart religious they are having less and less to do with organized Christianity. “This seems from my experience to be true.” he declares quite simply, with no beating around the bush. He asks the following leading questions: Is the Church really Christian In its terms or in its general attitude to the world? - -a Is pride of place, position, worldly power, the sort of attitude which we can call Christian? Is the Church really following Christ when it is censorious and hard and worldly? “The trumpet call to Christian peo ple today,” he continues, "is to get back to Christ Himself and His teaching about God, and to be ready to scrap prejudices, conventionalities, and even theologies which are incompatible with His teaching. Then only can we unite and show the Spirit of Christ in such a way that the ordinary man may see Christ both in the Church and in Chris tian people.” One of the troubles with the whole church question, he indicates, is that “some people won’t read anything which differs from their viewpoint. For my self, I believe we are all learners— children asking questions, desirous to find out the truth, and expecting to get help all the time from our Father. If we are like that, we must be ready and able to accept any new revelation when It comes. For me, the one fundamental fact which does not change is the fact of Jesus Christ and His revelation of God.’J The author states plainly a thought which has come to thousands of think ing Christians: “When one thinks of the crude theories of the Atonement that one was taught when I was young, the idea that the Father’s sense of wrath had to be appeased by the sacri fice of His only Son, or the idea of God as a sort of almighty potentate who could not be approached without some kind of grovelling and the offering of Highlights on the Wide World Excerpts From Newspapers of Other Lands EL DICTAMEN, Vera Crus.—To remedy the difficulties many fathers or heads of families have had in the past in getting their children either into or out of the public schools, Senor Antonio Moreno of the board of education has arranged a special office, where all fathers of fami lies can obtain any assistance or infor mation necessary. Families who are having difficulty through lack of funds in matriculating their sons in the colleges also will be aided by this bureau. Others who have trouble entering their children into or securing their discharge from the more elementary schools on acoount of in ability to produce birth certificates also will be assisted in obtaining the neces sary documents. It is thought this co-operation will result in the addition of many scholars to the school rolls. ** * * Orchestra Plays As Cinema Patrons March Out. ABC, Madrid.—The precaution, adopt ed by the police for the safety of mov ing-picture audiences had a severe test last night, which showed the efficacy of the measures and regulations adopted by the authorities. At the cinema Par dinas flames suddenly shot from the cabinet of the operator, to the alarm and confusion of the audience. The orchestra, however, calmly continued playing, and the attendants sprang to the exits, throwing open all the doors, through which the large crowd, now recovered from their panic, marched to the streets. Both ushers and musicians gave remarkable exhibition of coolness,' which undoubtedly saved many lives. Firemen confined the blaze to the oper ating cabinet, the operator and his as sistant being treated for minor bums. ** * * Dispute Abolition Os Death Penalty in Japan. Japan Advertiser. Tokio. —A bitter conflict over the abolition of the death penalty in the nation’s penal code has arjjen between younger and older jus tice officers. The dispute has been caused by the preparation of a revised draft of the code which has just been passed by a special research commis sion of the justice ministry. The younger judicial group contends that the death penalty not only fails to pre sent any real recompense for crime, but is an outworn and essentially barbarous institution. Their contention is that a life sentence for the same crime pro vides recompense to the state, and to the family of the victim through long service, for the state contributes toward defraying the judicial expenses of the trial and, lastly, forces real penance and retribution fer the offense. The older and more conservative group contends that the extreme pen alty alone Is sufficient to guarantee pub lic safety f. n many criminals. ** * * Tram Farr- Increased in “eiplng. North China Standard. Peiping.— Tram far:; ate up in Peiping. There has been an increase amounting to about 20 per cent of the former rates. The new rehedule went into effect January 1. Unlike previous years, there was no suspension of the trolley service of this city on the Solar New Year day. Employes of the tramway, who used to have a holiday on January X, were pre vailed upon to work this year and were , allowed 10 per cent extra pay for this benevolent consideration. A monthly ticket on the tramway now costs 5 taels, or $6. ** * * Case of Marrying Mamma as Well as Girl. Manchester Guardian.— It is not often that the student of the “agony column” sacrifice*, one wonders how Chrlatian ty has survived." That is about as plain as Mr. Mencken could put it, isn't it? ** * * There is no joy in such ideac of God. I We all know it, yet how many Chris tians hold such beliefs? “The God of Jesus Christ: that is what I am sure we have to get back to.” So says our author, pointing out that if we were perfect we would worship God as a spirit, but that for most men it is necessary to address Him in terms of personality. “There is no real love which hasn’t got a cross in it.” This is the author’s unconventional way of putting the sub lime truth—that Love is service, and that it cannot always be happiness in our everyday concept of the word. “Our relationship with God and our fellow men is the relationship of the home, and not the law courts.” These are a few quotations, in order that the reader here may be able to savor a little book which will be lost by the wayside in the great welter of modern publishing. But to those who happen to find it, it will come as a genuine good word. It will show' some who are wavering in their childhood faith that the Church as an institution still contains men of open minds who are willing to believe that God still lives, and, living, may yet have a few revelations for the world of aspiring men. Whether ministers recognize the fact or not, many good men and women are suffering under a belief that somehow' God hasn’t functioned for the past 2,000 years; that the faith given unto the saints has been static, resting on its laurels, as it were. This, of course, is a mistaken notion, but we have an idea that if you pricked the minds of a hundred men and wotnen at random w'ho commonly are called “good Christians” you would find some such frozen belief. ** * * Now, if there is ‘anything of which the modem alert mind is surer than that God, too, advances with His crea tions we scarcely know what the idea is. All around us we see a great and curious system in being, stretching from the dandelion beneath our feet to the new star which has Just been dis covered. It goes out so far and "up” so high that the mind of man is stag gered. Infinity? The mind of man cannot grasp it, but he can admit it. So he admits God, if one may put it that way. as Napoleon did, who, looking up at the stars, asked, “Gentlemen, who made all that?” Some one asked Disraeli what was his religion. “The religion of any sen sible man.” he replied. “But what is that?” “A sensible man never says,” he smiled. Now, the world is full of such men. and has always been. Some of them go to church and some of them do not. Some of them “believe” in the common acceptance of the word and some do not. Yet all of them are at heart religious. Take Mr. Mencken, who recently pub lished hfs “Treatise on the Gods.” which no one could call an orthodox Christian work. In it he is constrained, as if against his wishes, to admit that the Old Testament contains the world’s most sublime poetry, and that the story of Jesus, as told in the New Testament, is the most beautiful story we have. Revealed religion has nothing to fear in an advancing world, yet nothing is commoner for its votaries than for them to roll themselves up tighter than bears in Winter caves, or to stick their heads into the sands of theology, as ostriches do in the real sand, or draw into their shells of dogmas, as tortoises into their carapaces on a sudden alarm. Religion does not have to be craven, and such of its servants as the Rev. McCormick never are. but speak right out their faith in all honesty. They meet life where it must be met, after all, whatever one’s pretensions—in life itself. is rewarded by such a heartfelt cry as one of recent days: Diana—So, after all. he and your mother have won! I don’t believe you ever cared for me. I saw you at the Majestic, as you were strolling in its gardens.—Oswald. But cheer up, Oswald—a girl who was so painfully under the thumb of her mamma was probablv not much good, anyway. It would have been a case of marrying mamma as well, and long visits from your mother-in-law might in the long run have been worse than seeing the faithless creature stroll ing in the gardens of the Majestic. And, by the way. a girl who can stroll In any gardens, humble or Majestic, in weather like this must be a bit of a cold blooded' fish from start to finish. No, no, Oswald —let her go! She cannot have been really worthy of you! “So, after all, he and your mother have won!”—it is the cry of a man with some sense of drama and literary style. But he really should have added: “No matter, cru-el-1-I—el one!—a day will come!!!” ** * * Search For Cattle Thieves. El Telegrafo, Guayaquil.—The com mandant in the third district of the na tional police has begun a searching in quiry into the theft of 12 head of cattle from the herds of Don Damaso Romero, whose ranch is near the town of La Victoria. The authors of this crime and their accomplices detached the 12 head from a group grazing in one of the pas tures, and made off with them at a gallop. It 13 not expected the trail will be hard to follow. ** * * Form Club For Reform in Men’s Costumes. Le Matin, Paris.—A club has been organized in England for the reform of men’s costumes. Certain members of the club have just invented new costumes 1 for skating on ice. One of them con sists of a small round jacket, worn over a shirt of silver gray silk. Another has pantaloons of white flannel, and a pale pink vest, trimmed with red wool. A third has long parti-colored hose, with the skates attached to sandals. The ice is going to be doubly enter taining, no doubt, with all these delicate innovations, but what we would love most to know, we women, in France, not so much with the idea of copying as with the idea of harmonizing, is what these gentlemen intend to wear when promenading the streets? Perhaps they intend to wear tailorings all in green or rose, like the traditional Chevalier of Spring! ** * * Lack of Sidewalks Endangers Lives of Pedestrians. Imparcial, Montevideo— Sidewalks in the Avenida Italia are conspicuous by their absence. Not only are they few but on one side of the street they do not exist at all, despite the fact that this is a street much used by pedestrians, both by day and night. With the vehic ular traffic so heavy, this condition pre- | sent* a distinct danger to foot pas- j sengers on the street, who, of course, > have to walk in the roadway. For some reason this important thoroughfare has been abandoned by the municipal au thoriUes, who seem to have transferred all their affections to the Avenida de Octavo de Octubre. recently opened, and a .“ appeals so far for them to provide sidewalks, so people living in the neigh borhood won’t have to wade through the water when it rains, and be ex posed to perils of traffic at all times, have had no results. However, we again call the attention of the authorities to this condition. In the hope this needed improvement may be accomplished. The Political Mill I By G. Gould Lincoln. For weeks the prediction has been made that Pennsylvania Republican leaders would reach an adjustment of their differences which have threatened a State-wide fight even more disastrous ithan that of 1926. And'now it begins to look as if the prediction would be carried out. Announcement yesterday by Samuel S. Lewis, who has been the Grundy candidate for governor, that he ; would withdraw from the contest in the interest of party harmony is regarded as the first step. Senator "Joe” Grun dy himself is expected to make a state ment today in Philadelphia regarding his future political plans, and the ru mors are that he, too, is taking himself out of the race. • ** * * If Senator Grundy removes himself from the picture as an active candidate for the senatorial nomination and the Grund.v-Mellon forces'do not put into the field another ticket for Senator and governor, it looks like a walkaway for the Davis-Brown ticket, with Secretary James J. Davis of the Department of Labor a candidate for the Senate and Francis Shunk Brown of Philadelphia, former attorney general, a candidate for governor. Judging from Mr. Lewis’ statement, which stressesfthe need of party harmony, the Grundy-Mellon forces are not going to put forward another ticket. Secretary Davis Insists that he is in the race to stay till the finish. “My petition will be filed before Monday. March 31, the last day for filing and It will not be withdrawn by April 7, the last day for making with drawals,” is the way Mr. Davis puts it. ** * * Surely Secretary Davis has had the “breaks’’ in this year of grace 1930, judging by what has happened up to the present time. Also he has appar ently shown considerable political acumen in meeting the situation as it has developed. When Senator Grundy was appointed December 11, 1929. to fill the vacancy in the Senate caused by the rejection of William S. Vare, veteran political leader •of Philadel phia, because of excessive exnndi tures in the 1926 primary campaign, it was announced that he would be a candidate for the senatorial nomi nation in May with the backing of the State Republican organization. That meant the Mellons, plus the majority of the State organization. Notwithstand ing the defiant statement of Mr. Vare that he would seek the senatorial nomi nation. it was widely published that Grundy would be nominated: that Vare was a sick man and could not make a campaign. ** * * The picture now is absolutely the reverse. The “sick man of Pennsyl vania” has again been the Influence, in the last analysis, which has upset the apple cart for the Mellon-Grundy forces. Mr. Vare at the psychological moment withdrew his own candidacy for the senatorial nomination, on ad vice of his physician, and announced his support of the Davis-Brown ticket. Brown was his candidate for governor, and he was willing to take Secretary Davis as the senatorial candidate of the Philadelphia organization. Up there in Pennsylvania the Republican leaders are very particular about whom they have in the governor’s chair. It means more to them, as a general rule, than who sits in the Senate. Brown is of Philadelphia. The present gov ernor, Fisher, is from the Western end of the State. Davis, like Senator David A. Reed, is also from Western Pennsyl vania. ** * * Secretary Davis has been in the cabi net as Secretary of Labor for nine years and under three Presidents. He has been popular enough with labor and is no fanatic against the employers of labor. He has been helpful in the adjustment of hundreds of cases of labor difficulties since he has been in office. He has the Loyal Order of Moose back of him solidly, and the Moose are particularly numerous* and active in Western Pennsylvania, where the Mellon strength has been. What he lacked was the backing of an organi zation. When Mr. Vare came out for him and threw the Philadelphia or ganization back of Mr. Davis; it was a tremendous boost for the Secretary of Labor. It supplied an essential to a successful campaign. With it back of him and Mr. Davis' personal popularity in the State, the Secretary or Labor Immediately became a formidable can didate. It is quite true that tremendous pres sure has been exerted to bring Mr. Da vis to withdraw from the senatorial race. But he is a Welshman, and the Welsh are traditionally stubborn. Noth ing was able to pry him loose. And gradually it has dawned on the Grundy- Mellon faction that they had a real fight on their hands. Many polls have been made by both sides and they have indicated that Grundy was not a win ning candidate and that Davis was. To have Secretary Mellon back Mr. Grundy j and lose would not be particularly pal atable. it. is easy to conceive. Lewis. Grundy’s selection for governor, was not acceptable to Gov. Fisher. And Grundy himself, according to reports, has been particularly arbitrary since he came to Washington as Senator, which has not pleased some of the organiza tion leaders in the State. ** * * Until Ms. Grundy finally takes him self out of the race—and he may to day—and announces his course in the coming campaign there is still an ele ment of doubt. A few days ago it was suggested that Gov. Fisher, who ap pointed Grundy to the Senate, would benefit by the withdrawal of Grundy and himself become a candidate for the Senate. If Fisher should yet do this, it would mean a real fight. The plan, as it was published, was to have the chief justice of the Supreme Court run with Fisher as a candidate for governor. The publication of this report, however, did not move the Davis-Brown leaders except apparently to derision and to statements that the withdrawal of the Grundy-Lewis ticket would be merely a confession of weakness. Secretary Davis, if he is nominated will run for the “short term” in the Senate; the unexpired part of the term for which Mr. Vare was elected in 1926. This term expires March 3, 1933. The Secretary is not saying just now whether, if he be elected, he will be a candidate for the long term in 1932. He is not shutting the door to such a candidacy. It is true, however, that he must come up for re-election before Senator Reed comes up again. Reed was elected in 1928 and serves until 1935. Not a little has been said in op position to the Davis candidacy on the ground that Reed is from Pittsburgh and Davis’ heme is near there, and that the eastern part, of the State is entitled to a Senator. But Fisher, too, is from the western end of the State, and the same argument might be made if he was injected into the race. ** * * In some qOarters it has been urged that Senator Grundy did not seek the appointment as Senator and that he did not himself state that he would be a candidate for the nomination this Spring, but that such a statement was put out by Gov. Fisher. The news papers, however, carried a statement quoting Mr. Grundy to the effect he would be a candidate and it was not denied at the time. if Grundy gets out of the senatorial ’race, there still will be left opposing Mr. Davis a member of the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania, Francis H. Bohlen, who stands on a wet plat form. The withdrawal of Lewis from the race for governor leaves Brown and Pinchot as the principal contestants for that nomination. It is believed that it has lessened Mr. Pinchot’s chances. However, in some quarters the idea is put forward that Grundy will stay in the race and join forces with Pinchot. Such a line-up would be somewhat like placing Norris of Nebraska and Grundy on the same ticket. Nevertheless, Grundy is credited with having thrown ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN. Many readers send In questions signed only with initials, asking that the answers appear in the newspaper. The space is limited and would not accom modate a fraction of such requests. The answers published are ones that may interest many readers, rather than the one who asks the question only. All questions should be accompanied by the writer’s name and address and 2 cents in coin or stamps for reply. Send your I question to The Evening Star Informa tion Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, di rector, Washington, D. C. Q. Does the Hoover home at Palo Alto attract many visitors?—B. D. A. It is said that more than 110,000 sightseers visited the home of Presi dent and Mrs. Hoover at Stanford Uni versity last year. Students at uni versity acted as guides. Q. Os the sugar consumed in the United States last year, how much was Louisiana cane sugar and how much was domestic beet sugar?—C. F. A. In 1929 157,573 tons of Louisiana cane and 856,640 tons *bf domestic beet sugar were consumed. Cuban sugar was used to the extent of 3,014,594 tons; Hawaiian. 774,939 tons; Porto Rico, 383.940 tons, and Philippine Islands, 604,501 tons. Q. Who sings "The Voice of the R-K-O”?—O. T. R. A. Tom Kennedy sings it. He also wrote the words and music. Q. Are there really championship belts for prize fighting? If so, what do they cost? —D. B. A. When boxing appeared to be in some danger of languishing in 1909, Lord Lonsdale drew up a new scale of weights and conditions to govern title bouts, and, with the idea of adding dis tinction to the bout, he donated a chal lenge belt for each weight. These trophies are valued at $2,500 each, and consist of leather, gold and colored en amel. The conditions make it possible for a boxer actually to possess the belt by winning the title three times, not necessarily in succession. Eleven of these belts had been won outright in 1924 and eight were up for competition. Q. Are there more men’s names or women’s names in the Bible? —J. F. A. It is said that the Bible supplies one-half the names of civilized men, and that there are about 5 feminine names to 95 names for men. Q. Where was the Windsor chair first made?—A. M. H. A. The Windsor chair was first man ufactured in the town of High Wy combe, England. The town is still prin cipally engaged in the manufacture of chairs. Q. Is the temperature of the sun as high as that of an electric arc light?— J. H. A. The temperature of the sun is in the neighborhood of 6,000 degrees C., or nearly twice that of the electric arc light. Q. When were parties first called Whig and Tory?—B. B. A. The names Whig and Tory were introduced in 1679 during the struggle over the bill to exclude James. Duke of York, from the succession to the crown. The term Whig was used of cattle and horse thieves and was thence transferred to the Scottish Presbyte rians. During tly seventeenth century, therefore, it denoted Presbyterianism and rebellion. Tory was an Irish term suggesting a Papist outlaw and was ap Nation as Financial Leader Finds Big Bank Significant Formation of the world’s largest bank in New York by a merger of the Chase National Bank, the Equitable Trust Co. and the Interstate Trust Co. is a re minder to the public that this country has achieved financial leadership since the World War. As the total resources of the new institution are nearly three billions, the unified control of such «l large amount is the subject of much discuasion, and the possible public bene fits arc considered. American banking, says the New York Sun, is put “a step further in advance of British,” for this country “now has two banks—the Chase and the National City—whose resources exceed those of the Midland and Lloyd’s, while the Guaranty 'Trust is ahead of Barclay's and the Westminster. A ‘billion-dollar bank,' ” continues that paper, “is no longer the aim; there are now 12 of these in the world. The new merger makes the fifth bank with resources of two billions and the first bank to have deposits of two billions. It may make it easier to understand the huge ness of the Chase-Equitable-Interstate resources to say that they would pay > the fare of 175 passengers by rail one tenth of the distance to Planet X. Leaving them there, let us reflect with more solemnity that these resources of $2,800,000,000 would just about cover the cost of running the government of this city for the next five years. One word of caution to bank consolidators— it would be unfortunate to find that all the vice presidents of some future amal gamation could not find room to meet in Madison Square Garden.’’ ** * * “Change of headquarters in world finance operations’’ is reflected, accord ing to the Grand Rapids Press, by the “shift of the ‘biggest-bank’ champion ship to the United States,” and it is held to be “a fruit of the war.” That paper also points out that “the war put us in the foreign investment business with a vengeance”; that "our syndi cates went abroad, begging foreign gov ernments, cities and private concerns to give us the privilege of loaning to them.” and that “we became expert in foreign exchange and credit technique.’’ “At the beginning of the World War,” recalls the Indianapolis Star, “the na tional debt of the United States was $1,207,827,886, or not much more than one-third the resources of the Chase Bank. The public debt previous to that time stood at its highest on September 1, 1865, when it was $2,846,000,000. which was looked on as a staggering sum at. that time. The new bank has deposits equal to almost twice the na tional debt at the opening of the World War. A few years ago a billlon-dollar his supoort to Plnchot in 1922, when I Pinchot was elected governor in a three cornered race. ♦* * * Chairman Jouett Shouse of the Democratic national executive commit tee is setting much store by the elec tion of a Democratic mayor of Kansas City, Mo. He insists that it shows a wind blowing against the Hoover ad ministration in the West. The present mayor of Kansas City, a Republican, has been in office for two consecutive terms and Mr. Hoover carried Kansas City by 30,000 votes and sent a Re publican to the Home in place of a Democrat. In the election now the Democratic candidate for mayor won by 23.000. Mr. Shouse insists that the Kansas City election, which might not be so important if taken by itself, is but a link in a chain which shows a decided trend toward the Democratic party. Other links in this chain, he says, are the election of a Democrat to the House in the old Gillett district in Mas sachusetts, the return of the third Ken tucky district to the Democratic fold, the victory of the regular Democrat in the fifth Georgia district over a 1 "Hoovercrat,” the cutting down of the Republican majority in Walter New- ' ton’s old district in Minnesota, the vie- » tory of the regular Democrats in the i Virginia elections last Pall, and "the refusal of the Republican Governor of Connecticut to call a special election to choose a successor to the late Re publican Congressman. James P. Glynn, because at his fear that the district < would naade a Democrat to the seat." i plied to those who supported the he reditary right of James in spite of his Roman Catholic faith. The names were party badges until the nineteenth cen tury. Q. Are jade figures carved by hand or by machine?—H. J. D. A. The real Oriental jade is carved by hand with primitive tools. Q. Was James H. Snook, who paid the death penalty for the murder of Theora Hix, a Mason? —T. W. A. He was not a Mason. Q. What is watered stock?—O. J. H. A. When the face value of the stock issued is greater than the property value represented by it at the time of its i issue, it is called watered stock. It will not increase the property value of a corporation to increase its stock unless the same is exchanged for real value. Q. Please give a biography of Mont gomery Wagd.—J. W. P. A. A. Montgomery Ward was born in Chatham. N. J.. in 1844. He was the great-grandson of Capt. Israel Mont gomery Ward of Revolutionary War fame. He was a self-educated and self made man. In 1872 he married Eliza beth J. Cobb, and founded the firm of Montgomery Ward & Co. in the same year. Q. Who was “Tree-Planting Mr. Adams”?—W. A. H. A. The American Forestry Associa tion says that John Quincy Adams, sixth President, was so called because he urged the planting of forests in order to grow naval supplies. In 1828 what might fc? called the first forest experi ment station in America was estab lished and acorns of live oaks were planted. Q. Into how many departments was France divided during the Fr mch Revo lution?—N. K. A. The old provincial divisions of France were abolished by the Con stituent Assembly in 1790 and the country was divided into 83 depart ments. Q. Do pigeons ever land in trees?— E. A. L. A. They do when they cannot find buildings or other such places on which to light. Q. How did the Curies happen to discover radium?—l. F. A. In 1896 Henri Becquerel discov ered that a crystal of a salt of uranium could in the dark reduce the silver bro mide on a photographic plate, even when a sheet of black paper was placed between. Evidently a radiation differ ent from light was given out by the salt. Pierre and Mme. Curie found that the mineral pitchblende had the same properties. The mineral radium is white and turns black in the air. It belongs to the calcium family. Q. Is the Burning Spring at Niagara Falls a natural phenomenon, or is something mixed with the water?— D. J. M. A. This spring is said to have been known to the Indians 200 years ago. Doctors and chemists from all over the world have analyzed tilts water, which they claim contains sulphur, magnesia, salt and tron. These four mixed to gether will not burn. It is thought there is an unknown mineral that amal gamates with the sulphur and magnesia in the water and causes the light flow of gas or vapor. I corporation was unknown in the busi ness and industrial worlds, and was looked on as a fanciful proposition. The billion-dollar company is no longer a novelty. There are several of them in ■ this country—one even having grown to more than two and a half billions —and i the number is increasing. American | wealth is growing by leaps and bounds. The public has abandoned the idea. 1 popular a few years ago. that mere size is to be avoided in its business insti tutions.” ** * * Developments in the allocation of capital in the United States impress the St. Paul Dispatch, which quotes statis tical reports showing that "of the 28 largest banks in the United States 16 are in New York City.” That paper continues; "The case of one New York bank is pointed to as a sensation. Starting as a new institution in Jan uary. 1929, it has already accumulated deposits of more than $100,000,000. The simultaneous marked increase of mer gers and the marked centralization of bank deposits in New York City strongly indicate the kinship of cause and effect. Once a Greeley urged young men West ward, where opportunities for creating wealth abounded. Now the merger ap pears as the ritual of a financial influ ence that sends dollars Eastward to a Manhattan Mecca.” The Richmond News-Leader thinks that “the history of the three New York financial institutions that consolidated to form the world’s largest bank would make an admirable commentary on the increase of American wealth during the last 40 years.” and the Richmond paper quotes figures as to their growth in re sources and the similar growth of other institutions. The Roanoke Times states that “the destihy of the world's largest bank will be in the hands of three men, one a veteran banker, one a Southerner who went to New York only four years ago, and a lawyer who became a bank executive only last December.” The Memphis Commercial Appeal remarks that these three men "attained their positions without the aid of influence, wealth or heredity.” ** * * “Discussion as to whether such gigan tic combinations are of benefit to busi ness and the country generally,” says the Utica Observer-Dispatch, “has never been settled. But when it is considered that this new combination, immense as it is, by no means has a monopoly of the banking business, and can never acquire it. no matter how earnestly it may strive, there doesn’t appear to be much cause for alarm. The three merged banks might as well be under one head and name as to be separate units with a working understanding be tween them.” “A race for leadership by financial giants” is feared by the Scranton Times, which continues: “The public is no longer alarmed at mergers with capital running into the hundreds of millions, or even billions of dollars. It is now ac cepted that consolidations and mergers are a part of the recognized business scheme of the day. However, if there is to be a continuance of these con solidations the public must be made a beneficiary as well as stockholders. Most far-sighted business men realize this and pass on to the public a cer tain part of the benefits accruing from merging.” An attitude of doubt on the part of President Hoover and Secretary Mellon less than a year ago as to big banking consolidations is a subject of comment by the Syracuse Herald, with the con clusion that “many thoughtful citizens will be at a loss to understand what special need is served and what public interest is promoted by these tremen dous banking combines.” Best Two Out of Three Wins. From the Worcester Evenlnz Gazette. Ramsay Macdonald holds that being outvoted in the House of Commons doesn’t count unless the opposition does it “for keeps.” ■ \ Grave Crisis. From the Louisville Times. Another minor domestic tragedy oc- A curs when the can opener esnnet bs lotted.