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PRIVATE BUILDING HAS MARKED GAINS Month’s Improvement Shown Though Quarter Year Total Lags. Private building operations in the District approved last month showed a marked improvement in volume over February, but the quarter-year total lagged more than $3,000,000 behind the same period of 1929, when a heavy Spring construction program was launched. Projects for which permits were is sued during March by Col. John W. Oehmann carried a total cost estimated at $3,083,040, as compared with $857,170 in February and $4,540,170 in January. This brought the quarter-year total to $8,480,380. Last year’s first quarter building had a cost totaling $11,886,450. The Jan uary total last year was $2,558,445; February. $4,076,480; and March, $5,251,525. During the past month plans were approved for 65 private dwellings and for four apartments. Permits were is sued as follows: No. Bldgs. Value Dwellings 36 54 $602,150 Apartments .... 3 4 1,024.500 Oarages 12 24 6.800 Stores 5 8 63.300 Offices 1 1 500 G«>- stations ... 2 2 16.000 Warehouses .... 11 85.000 Dormitory 11 700.000 Shop 11 800 School 11 250.000 Repairs 131 131 104.460 STONE. Dwellings 2 2 50.000 Repairs 6 6 6,850 CONCRETE. Dwelling 11 4.000 Garages 4 4 1.850 Public garages . 11 3.000 Repairs 3 3 300 TILE. Garase 11 600 Repairs 11 1.000 METAL. Garages ........ 56 56 8.830 FRAME. Dwellings 7 8 4?.30[> Garages 14 17 4,.95 Repairs 26 26 11.145 MACHINERY. Motors 90 177 15.110 E'evetors 12 14 73.5.5 Boilers 7 8 3.170 Totals 369 497 $3,083,040 RACER READY SUNDAY Kaye Don May Have to Wait Longer for Beach, However. DATONA BEACH, Fla., April 5 (4 > ). Kaye Don, British racing champion, awaiting a beach favorable for his pro posed assault on the world automobile speed record, announced here yesterday that alterations being made upon his powerful Silver Bullet racer would be completed Sunday. Indications were, however, that the rough beach, which has delayed his at tempt for three weeks, would not im prove sufficiently by Sunday for the trials. Don’s eight English mechanics have been at work two days lowering the gear ratio in the giant 24-cylinder machine in order to increase its speed. Louis Coatalen, French designer or the machine, is expected to return from New York by the time the Silver Bul let is in condition for the trials. He left early this week to address a meet ing of the Society of Automotive En gineers in New York Wednesday. ■■ ■—■ ■- • PLAN SCHOOL EXHIBITS Architects Would Teach Children to Appreciate Good Work. American school children will be edu cated to an appreciation of good archi tecture through the exhibit of models, plans and sketches to be placed in pub lic schools throughout the country un der auspices of the American Institute of Architects. "This idea is of national importance," It is declared by B. F. Betts in the American Architect, of which he is edi tor, "for it is to the youth of the coun- j try that the development and malnte- ! nance of our future cities must one day be left.” . .. , ... 0 ■■ —. Government police of Porto Rico have purchased 25 motor cycles. ftampsjire #arben£ iVetc Hampshire Avenue at Emerson 100% COOPERATIVE Every Apartment Building is “Bought” by Tenants Rental tenants, with their rent payments, buy a building for a speculative landlord. And when they have paid for it once, they pay for it over and over , again . . . BUT they never own it! Co-operative tenants, through a voluntary asso ciation in a corporation with responsible members of their own choosing, buy a building for themselves, paying for it once, and once only . . . AND they own it forever! Why Not Oivn What You Buy? You can buy an apartment in HAMPSHIRE GARDENS for a much smaller monthly payment than you would make to rent one like it. An apartment of four rooms and bath in this beautiful co-operative development is priced at $5,100. Terms are : $765 in cash and $47.25 a month. There is not a comparable apartment in Washington to rent at less than S7O a month. As a co-operative owner in three years you ■will expend $2,466 (including the $765) to purchase the apartment for yourself ... as compared with an expenditure of $2,520 by the rental tenant who is buying for his landlord. In the next three years you will expend only $1,701 while the rental tenant is paying out $2,520, and your expenditure during the third three years will be only $1,117, compared to $2,520 for the rental tenant . .an ever-increas ing advantage as you complete the purchase of your own home, while the rental tenant goes on paying rent. Investigate Now! Eighty-five families already are co-operative owners of all but seventeen of the one hundred and two apartments in, this first group oi beautiful HAMPSHIRE GARDENS. The remainity; few soon will be sold. Edmund J. Flynn Director Sales——Georgia 4619 * i i :: REAL ESTATE, TAXES SEEN IMPROVEMENT OVER SYSTEM OF LOTTERY Latter Method of Raising Public Funds Formerly Sanctioned By President And Other Public Officials. A few prize skeletons are dragged out of their hiding places in the past of Washington (and other cities) by the National Association of Real Estate Boards to illustrate the point that while there is much clamor today over tax ation, the present systems are a vast improvement over those of early days of the Republic. These skeletons are records of the tremendous lotteries which were oper ated here as a means of providing funds for the erection of public buildings, lottery schemes said to have been or ganized by the District Commissioners with the tacit approval of the President. "The present tax system may not please many people, but at least we do not have the special assessment by lot tery,” the association comments in an article describing the crazy for chance drawings that swept the country in the eighteenth century, and how Congress even appioved the financing of a public canal through the sale 1 of thousands of bits of pasteboard. Once started, the lottery system of public finance increased by leaps and bounds, but it filially brought about evils and abuses which destroyed public confidence in the method and put it officially to an end. The following findings, based on its study of history, are reported by the National Realtor Association; Lottery of 1793. In 1793 the funds for the erection of the public buildings for the Capital City were running low and the Commission ers of the District of Columbia organ ized a lottery to raise $350,000 "for the improvement of the Federal City.” They appointed a Samuel Blodget (author of the first American statistical work “Economla”) as supervisor of the build ings and general agent for the lottery j at a salary of £6OO a year. The lottery t tickets for "the fmprovement of the j Federal City" were $7 each, and of the j 50.000 issued 16,737 represented prizes and 33,263 were blanks. The big prize | was a "superb hotel with baths, etc., to j cost $50,000,” and the cash prizes ran from $25,000 down to $lO each. | The Commissioners announced that the i scheme was drawn up "with the previ- , ous approbation of the President”; and in a letter to Washington proposing a ; second lottery the District Commission- | ers stated that the tickets for the first lottery "were taken up with avidity.” Nineteen years later, on May 6, 1812. an act of Congress, approved by Presi dent Madison, recognized an act of the Maryland Legislature passed in 1795 to authorize two lotteries in the City of Washington to raise $52,500 to improve the means of communication by the construction of a canal in Maryland and the District of Columbia. Virtually re ceiving Federal approval, this lottery was tremendously successful and the tickets were sold throughout the various States that then comprised the United St George Washington’s account books. |ll™ I 5130 IV | Kansas Ave. N.W. I Facinft II 20-Ft. Boulevard at Three II Street Intersections II EIGHT ROOMS, tiled bath. II naster bed rooms with tiled ■■ avatory. three cedar closets. ■■ •RIGIDAIRE. open ftreplace. ■■■ eautllully finished hardwood 111 loors, over tongue and groove ■■■ übflooring: Detroit -Je w e ■■■ white enameled gas ranee. ■■■ Pittsburg stor a g e water ■■■ heater, beautiful front. ■■■ side and rear la wn a. ■■■ BUILT-IN GARAGE. 11l l Only Three Left 111 5122 J!l Exhibit Home Seven Rooms. Brick Garage Open Daily and Sunday L. T. Gravatte 927 15th St. REALTOR Nat. 0753 I Or Your Own Broker fl THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1930. now in the Library of Congress, show entries of his participation in real es tate lotteries. In 1756 he purchased 10 tickets at £5 each, according to one of his entries, in the lottery organized for the sale of the famous estate of Col. William Byrd, comprising a large do main on the James River. The estate was heavily involved, and writers of the times point out that if attempts had been made to sell it in the regular way it would not have brought one-half what it did in the lottery. Early Pennsylvania Plan. As early as 1735 the proprietors of Pennsylvania used the lottery as a new method of selling lands, a method, by the way, that resembles the modern "free lot” scheme, which the real estate Interests have succeeded in prohibiting in many States. The early Pennsyl vania plan was to sell 100,000 acres by lottery at £ls, 10 shillings per 100 acres, making the sum of £15,500. The sale of 7,750 tickets at £2 ($10) each was to have made up the amount of £15,500. The subscription never having filled up, this lottery was never drawn, but the tickets actually sold were recognized as titles to the lands. The lotteries flourished in Philadel phia, then our largest city. There were many lotteries organized for public ob jects, and even for the construction of churches. They were looked upon as a sort of voluntary tax for paving streets, erecting wharves, public buildings, etc., excavating canals and building bridges. In 1729 the Pennsylvania Legislature passed an act to prohibit lotteries under a penalty of a fine of £IOO, but this act only prohibited "unauthorized” lotteries, and those permitted by special legisla tive grant continued to flourish. I Benjamin Franklin, with other promi | nent citizens of Philadelphia, subscribed | in 1748 to a lottery to raise £3,000 ($15,000) for the erection of a battery ' on the Delaware as a defense for the I city against foreign invasion. The | common council of Philadelphia took i 2,000 of the 7,158 tickets. The lottery I was successful and a battery of cannon ] was planted below the city on the ! river bank. I During the same year, as a result of ! petitions from the city of Philadelphia, | the State Legislature passed an act au ! thorizing a State lottery to raise $42,000 New Houses 'Wig 10° Large Attractive 7-Room Houses in the New Re stricted Community Adjoining Eastern High School Exhibit Home —1703 C Street N. E. , Open Daily Until 9 P. M . Fronting on the new 160-foot Boulevard the entrance to Anacostia Park BUILT of tapestry brick, featuring a permanency of construction and carefulness of detail for which this section is famous, these houses contain everything that is up to the minute in equipment and improvement. The spacious living room, dining room and hall, with hardwood trim and oak floors are beautifully paneled, with ar tistic electric fixtures harmonizin gin tone. The kitchen is especially featured, all in white, with inlaid linoleum floor, equipped with a Quality range and Frigidaire, leading to a large screened breakfast porch. There are four airy bedrooms and a beautifully tiled bath, with built-in tub and shower. A built-in garage, opening on a paved alley. Exceptionally Reasonable Price and Terms R. E. KLINE, JR —Owner and Builder I 718 Union Trust Bldg. National 6799 Or Any Broker i— ■■ ■ ■■■ ■ i ■■'■■■ « '■ '■■■■■« ■■ ■■ ■ ■ in ■ ipii imi= ini=sinis==^^=lEll^^=lEj Another Sold— Leaving But Four = I '■ . V ~ ' * > . -■< I I Exhibit Home, No. 3608 Van Ness St. N.W. : These Homes Are Built and Owned by C. H. SMALL & COMPANY —who are responsible for some of the finest homes in Washington. This company is well known and have been identified for the past 15 years as builders of only the BEST ■■ □ IN HOMES. □ 6 and 7 spacious rooms. 2 tiled baths. Large double sleeping porches. Electric re frigerator. 2-car garage. All windows, doors and porches screened in best quality bronze. Deepest lots in section. - By Auto—Drive out Connecticut Avenue to Van Ness Street turn left three blocks to homes, or drive out Wiscon • sin Avenue to Van Ness, turn right three blocks to homes. S, 0 U Open from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m . Daily — Heated—Lighted Seldon B. Daniel, Jr. 1416 F Street Nat. 5573—Na1. 8034—Clcv. 6787 ni___ r 1 —=i*«==»a to Improve the roads leading Into the city, and this lottery, too, was success ful. But the lottery system finally became unpopular. At first laws were passed to prohibit lotteries under fines and for feitures, then the lotteries were pro hibited by criminal statute, and finally, in 1892, the piohibition of lotteries was a part of the constitutions of all States except 11, in which the lotteries were prohibited by law anyway. Farmers of Algeria generally are In stalling labor-saving machinery. i S I,OOO- 00 I in your pocket ... ! TJECAUSE we took this modern six fj room home at 3637 13th Street I N.W. in trade, we have reduced the price #I,OOO. Six large rooms, modern bath, hardwood floors, hot water heat, electricity, gas, front and double rear porches, deep yard and garage. Terms, #SOO cash; balance, #55 per month, including all interest. Open Sunday, • 10 A.M. to 6 P.M . I I H. P. HUDDLESON 8C CO. 1851 Columbia Road ;l Adams 2055 Cleveland 6843 ;i —1 ■ 1— FOUR SENTENCED TO DIE j ZAPOROJUS, U. 8. 8. R., April 5 (jp). Four officials ot the State grain trust were sentenced to death yesterday for selling hundreds of tons of high grade flour to private speculators during the extremist period In the government grain collection campaign. Thirty other officials implicated In the sales were sentenced to from 1 to 10 I years imprisonment. Hfealnj The Garden Sfiot of Washington I* Offer* WK»t No Other Development Can Offer IT S wonderful tree-topped hills and wooded valleys provide settings for homes of distinctive character, creating an exclusive community— within the city’s limits and only ten minutes’ ride from the White House. You’ll appreciate the restrictions which protect investments in Wesley Heights from promiscuous building and insure to it the perpetuation of that wholesome community spirit which betokens congenial neighbors. The demand for homes in Wesley Heights is always far in advance of construction—for every home is Miller-Built—with that thoroughness which demands deliberation and insures superiority in every detail of material and craftsmanship. T Exhibit Home *1 ->] 4525 GARFIELD ST. N.W. £~ u. Cor. Garfield and 46th Sts. ’ J w. c. and A. N. Miller 1119 17tk Street N.W. Realtors—Builders Decatur 0610 ; 1 Smart, Distinctive Houses in Exclusive Section For Sale or Will Lease to Responsible Parties 6605 16th Street IDEALLY LOCATED OVERLOOKING ROCK CREEK PARK CLOSE TO SHERRILL DRIVE ENTRANCE These homes combine beautiful architecture, splendid construction and unusual finish and equipment. They contain ten rooms, three baths, open fireplaces, casement win dows, electric refrigeration and exceptional kitchen equipment. Two-car brick garage. ONLY THREE UNSOLD Open for Inspection All Day Sunday 1415 K St. N.W. Natl 4750 S. E. Godden, Sales Manager C CHOICE „ RESIDENTIAL s&yunusuai l-T HOME SITES Financing A A Arrangements A To Those Who XJL r Will Buy and Build As a charming location ir which to build the home of you* lO dreams Chevy Chase, the nationally _ known suburb, offers everything tha [j' could be desired . . . wide streets and ave P j nues . . . beautiful shade trees . . . homes o * distinctive character . . . handsome churches . . select schools ... fine stores and transportation facilitic • • • and above all a cultural environment which th . discriminating home seeker will appreciate. Ths careful restrictions which protect your Interests as a proi erty owner coupled with the rising land values in this seetio Pint• mmJ m»ke the purchase of building sites a very attractive investmen ii* Special prices ajt this time, a «0-foot-front lot as low as |4,oe XS\ Information t .. with concrete street, gutter, curb and alley ... cement sid< ■ On Keenest walk ... . and sewer and water service. *^S> omas J* Fisher & Co. INCORPORATED 6830 738 15th Street N * W * REAL ESTATE.