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WORLD ACCLAIMS ~ DR. WELCH’S WORK Ceremonies Honor Professor at Johns Hopkins—Hoover Praises Research. (Continued From First Page.) ranged In foreign countries in Dr. Welch’s honor, follows In full: “The many years that I have been honored with Dr. Welch's friendship made it a privilege to Join in this day of tribute to him by his friends and by the great scientific societies of our coun try. Dr. Welch has reached his 80th year and a whole Nation joins in good wishes to him. ■‘Dr. Welch is our greatest statesman in the field of public health, and his public service to the great Nation well warrants our appreciation of him. With profound knowledge, wide experience and skill in dealing with men, sound Judgment and a vision of the future, he has been a great asset to the Nation, and we may fortunately hope that he will continue for many years more to bless mankind with his invaluable lead ership. -/‘Our age is marked by two tendencies, the democratic and scientific. In Dr. Welch and his work we find an expres sion of the best in both tendencies. He ift>t only represents the spirit of pure science, but constantly sees and seizes opportunities to direct its results into service of human kind. ‘‘Medicine until modern times was a species of dramatic play upon emotions rather than a science made useful through technology. It combined cen turies of experience in trial and error in reactions from many drugs, with a maximum of skill on the part of the practitioner in a kindly art of making the patient feel as hopeful and com fortable as possible whUe he was dying of the disease, the origin and treatment of which was as yet undiscovered. Prov idence was made responsible for his fate rather than the bacillus which should never have been allowed to infect him. Made Valuable Discoveries. “Modern medical practice, however, is based upon a vast background of scientific research and discovery. In the creation of this science, in the con version of its principles into technical methods for use in actual practice, in the diffusion of knowledge of these prin ciples and methods, and in the applica tion of them upon a national and world wide scale. Dr. Welch has played a lead ing American part. As a research worker in pure science, he has made original and valuable discoveries. As a technologist he has devised practical methods of applying pure science. As a teacher he has spread true knowledge and inspiration among thousands. But in organizing and directing research and application of medical knowledge on a wider field of prevention of disease, he is among the pre-eminent few who de serve the title of statesman "No valuable change in every-day practice of any of the great arts has even been made that was not preceded by the accretion of basic truths through ardent and painstaking research. This sequence that precedes effective action in medicine is equally important in every field of progress in the modern world. It is not the method of stirred public emotions, with its drama of headlines; it is rather the quiet, patient, powerful and sure method of nature hC “Dn Welch has happily combined in his character and intellect the love of truth and the patient experimental habit of the pure scientist, with the ingenuity of the inventor and the or ganizing vision and energy of the pro moter of sound enterprise—and com bines all these things with a worldly wisdom and gracious charm that has made hina-A leader, among men. "I know; that I express the affection of our countrymen and the esteem or his profession in every country, when I convey to him their wishes for many years of continued happiness. Compared to Da Vinci. The institution established under Dr. Welch's guidance, said Dr. Farrand, “had changed the face of medical edu cation in the world.” He pointed out that Dr. Welch had been the leading spirit in the various world movements in public health, his latest contribution being as chairman of the International Congress on Mental Hygiene, which will m«*t here next month. it is necessary to go back to Leon ardi da Vinci, said Dr. Flexner, to find another man in the world’s history whose interests and accomplishments have been in so broad a field. "There is no human being in this country, he said, "who is not his debtor—many millions more than ever have heard his name.” . A great number of telegrams and cables from all over the world felicitat ing Dr. Welch were presented to him bv Dr. John A. Kingsbury, director of the Millbank Memorial Fund. Dr. Welch was credited with having fur nished the inspiration for the League of Nations Bureau of Public Health. Messages from the Pasteur Institute in Paris and the Koch Institute in Berlin credited him with having brought to America the early discoveries in those institutions which are the foundation of modern pathology. Dr. Welch, in response, said that he considered today’s tribute as intended for the great army of teachers and sci entists who have worked without much public recognition. The fundamental achievement in the past four decades, following the discoveries of Koch and Pasteur, he said, has been in the im provement of medical education. The chairman of tne general com mittee in charge of the celebration was Dr. Albert A. Michelson of the Univer , sity of Chicago. The executive com imittee consists of Dr. Simon Flexner k of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, chairman; John A. Kings bury, New York, head of the Milbank Memorial Fund, secretary; Dr. William H. Howell and Dr. William G. Mac- Callum, both of Johns Hopkins; Dr. William T. Councilman of Harvard, Dr. Harvey Cushing of the Peter Brent Brigham Hospital, Boston; Abraham Flexner, formerly of the General Edu cation Board of New York; Homer Folks of New York; John D. Rocke feller, jr., of New York; Wickliffe Rose, formerly of the General Education Board; Dr, Eugene L. Opie of the Henry Phipps Institute, Philadelphia; Senator Frederick C. Walcott of Con necticut and Vernon Kellogg, secretary of the National Research Council of Washington. Introduced New Method. Dr. Welch was born in Norfolk, Conn. His father and four uncles were physi cians. A grandfather and a great grandfather also had been physicians. He entered Yale at the age of 16. graduating in 1870, and four years later at the College of Physicians and Sur geons in New York. The pioneering work Dr. Welch began in 1877, when he started teaching pathology at the Belle vue Hospital Medical College in New York. Fresh from a study tour abroad and familiar with the new scientific technique which had led there to the discovery that infectious diseases were caused by germs, he introduced at Bellevue the laboratory methods which launched a new era in medical educa tion in this country. Under him pathology became, in a deeper and broader sense, the scientific study of disease. J1 , When the Johns Hopkins Medical School was opened in 1893, he was made dean, holding that poet until 1898 and continuing in the chair of pathology until 1917, when he resigned to assume direction of the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health in 1926 Dr. Welch's studies were Interrupted by the Worjd War. He entered the Medfcal Reserve Corps of the Army in 1917 with fafik of major and after his JUNIOR LEAGUE MODEL j I ; I <r „ jm iffHf ‘.i Uni 4ifc H,MI • v’’^Wl B E m\ • “jpsß BLik m ‘tHii jv ' / - MWI BB m. 4Bp r Hi H<: y IBP v :c, y \ • •.. Hi w 'WBREk w JHH&r H an 1 ; ,v - ■ gl OTi' H g f MISS DOROTHEA MORGAN, ' Posing as one of the models in the Junior League day conducted at JellefT's, ’ 1216 F street, today. —Star Staff Photo. ! STEEL FIGHT RESTS ON SESSION TODAY Youngstown Stockholders Meet to Vote on Merger With Bethlehem. By the Associated Press. YOUNGSTOWN. Ohio. April 8--The meeting of the stockholders of Youngs town Sheet & Tube Co. to vole on the merger with the Bethlehem Steel Cor poration opened at 10:45 a.m. today, while at the same time a hearing was begun in Common Pleas Court to pre vent the voting of 51.038 shares of Sheet & Tube stock held by Otis & Co. of Cleveland. Luther Day of Cleveland, attorney for Otis & Co., said he would ask a tem porary restraining order to block the voting of this stock. James A. Campbell, Sheet & Tube chairman, received a loud ovation when he mounted the platform. He turned the meeting over to Frank Purnell, Sheet & Tube president, who presented a list of stockholders as of 1 p.m., March 22. Purnell then ordered the stockholders and proxies to adjourn. It was indicated that the meeting would be resumed at 2 p.m. Meeting Climaxes Long Fight. The shareholders’ meeting came as a climax to three weeks of mtense fight ing for proxies, in which the resources ] of millions of dollars were thrown into public and personal appeals for sup port and finally into last-minute legal stratagems. There still was the possibility of eleventh-hour court moves by the op position to forestall the vote even up to the hour of the meeting, but this was considered remote in view of last night’s refusal at Cleveland of Federal Judge Arthur J. Tuttle, presiding judge of the eastern district of Michigan, to grant an injunction delaying the tally. Two similar suits are on file here and one more in Federal Court at Cleveland, but it was not believed they would be . pressed Eaton Predicts Victory. Although Cyrus S. Eaton, Cleveland financier directing the struggle to pre- i vent the consolidation, lost his fight to stop today’s meeting, he reiterated his claims that he and his associates ’’are , absolutely confident of defeating the 1 proposed merger.” Those urging the consolidation likewise were confident of victory. Eaton proved a sensational witness in Federal Court late yesterday, telling of the ramifications of his huge operations in holding companies and in the steel industry. He declared that passing of control of Sheet & Tube to the East would ‘‘make clerks of all of us in the Middle West,” told of reports that Eugene C. Grace, president of Bethle hem, draws a salary and bonuses of SI,OOO 000 a year and that some vice presidents of the same corporation re ceive $300,000 annually, and said the merger was decided upon at a date too late to allow sufficient examination of its advantages. Approval of holders of 800,000 of the approximately 1,200,000 shares of Sheet St Tube common stock was needed to ratify the merger. • Attorney Day said an appeal from the decision of Judge Tuttle will be filed today in the United States Circuit Court of Appeals at Cincinnati. In the event the stockholders should approve the merger, the appeal, if granted, j would nullify the stockholders’ act. If the vote is close or the contest becomes sharp, the count may take sev eral days, with possible further court action, it was said. BAND CONCERT. By the United States Soldiers’ Home Band Orchestra this evening at Stanley Hall at 5:30 o’clock; John S. M. Zim mermann, bandmaster; Anton Pointner, j assistant leader. March, ‘‘Sons of New Zealand,” Lithgow Overture, “Semiramide” Rossini Duet for comet and trombone, “A Night in Venice”.. .Lucanteni-Lampe (Messrs. Barnard and Sgueo) Scenes from popular musical comedy. “Hit the Deck” Youmans ! Fox trot, "A Little Kiss Each Mom- | ing” Wood i Waltz, “Charmaine” (request).. .Rappe I Finale, “Chant of the Jungle”.. .Brown , “The Star Spangled Banner.” discharge as colonel, was made a brigadier general in the Medical Reserves. When appointed professor of histori cal medicine, a new chair at Johns Hopkins, he went abroad to buy books for the new medical library. When this was dedicated last October, it was called “The William H. Welch Medical Library.” Dr. Welch’s writings number about 350 titles. In spite of the prodigious labors of his university work, he has found time for medical statesmanship. He was president of the Maryland State Board of Health from 1898 to 1922 and is credited with being the chief influence in bringing about modern sanitary con ditions in the City of Baltimore. His advice has been sought by sev eral Presidents of the United States and many others in public positions. It has been stated that the advice of Dr I Welch resulted in forming the Yellow Fever Commission, which discovered the > role of the mosquito in the spread of i yellow fever. THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 8, 3930. DANIELS INSISTS BEFORE SENATORS RASKOB SHOULD GO (Continued From First Page.) Montana, a Democrat, who was acting as chairman of the committee today in the absence of Senator Caraway. Senator Robinson suggested that it was rather extraordinary that Senator Walsh, a Democrat, should be unwilling to have such a distinguished Democrat as Mr. Daniels express his views before the Senate committee. Walsh Blocks Answer. Senator Walsh said that Mr. Daniels would not be permitted to reply to the | question asked by Senator Robinson. j ! “Not if I can help it,” continued Sen ator Walsh. “Apparently the question has no relation to anything that, this j committee was created for.” ! Senator Robinson then changed his 1 question so as to ask whether Mr. Daniels believed that the facts set forth in the editorial which he had read were true. Senator Walsh made no objection to this form of the question. “They are true,” responded Mr.! Daniels, and the crowd in the rear of the committee room broke into applause I Audience Warned. Senator Walsh then warned the au dience that the Senate had a rule which did not permit expression of approval or disapproval by those attending its sessions. The same rule, he said, should apply to persons attending sessions of j the Senate committee. “I'm surprised,” said Senator Robin son sarcastically, “that this warning comes so late,” referring to the fact that there had been no check on the applause which greeted replies of Mr Raskob when he was before the com mittee last week. , “This association against the prohibi tion amendment, of which Mr. Raskob is a member, is a bipartisan organiza- 1 tion, is it not?” asked Senator Robin son. “Yes,” replied the witness. “The organization seeks to elect Re publicans for candidates for Congress! | and to favor repeal of the eighteenth j i amendment,” persisted Senator Robin- j | son. j Mr. Daniels said he believed that to : be so. “If a candidate is a wet and a Re publican, this organization would work j against his Democratic and dry , opponent?” I “That is my understanding," said • Mr. Daniels. Contributed Both Ways. In reply to further questioning, Mr. j Daniels said, “I think the chairman of j the Democratic party should not be a ; member of and give money to any 1 organization which seeks to elect any- 1 or.e but Democrats.” Senator Robinson said that the evi dence before the committee “showed that Mr. Raskob had contributed both ' ways.” i “Isn’t it logical to believe that he ; would expect his money all to go for one purpose?" “I object to that question,” rapped out Senator Walsh. With a smile Sen ator Walsh continued that he had a ■ high regard for the opinions of Mr. Daniels, but that the committee was not seeking opinions. Senator Robinson said he would not press the question. He asked Mr. Daniels whether it were not true that the Association Against the Prohibiion Amendment, has already set up three headquarters in Philadelphia to take part in the primary election there and in an effort to make prohibition a domi nant issue. “I do not know,” said Mr. Daniels. And that ended Mr. Daniels’ testi mony, Senator Robinson saying that he had no further questions to ask. FOUR ARE INDICTED ON LIBEL CHARGES IN COUNTY PROBE (Continued From First Page.) of the form of a previous report of the grand jury. Shortly before 1 o'clock, the grand jury Informed Judge Robert | Peter that It was ready to report and i court was convened Immediately for the 1 reception of these Indictments, with j several other criminal cases which the grand jury had considered on yesterday. Brooke Lee Started Action. The return of the Indictments today grew out of the sudden appearance, some days ago, of the county com missioners and E. Brooke Lee, county organization leader, before the body with a demand for an investigation | They asked that if the charges of the Independent were true that the com missioners and officials be indicted, or. 1 if they were found not to be true, that those responsible for the publication of the charges be indicted. The board of commissioners, the members of which are alleged to have been libeled, are named in the indict ments as follows: Benjamin C. Perry, Lacy Shaw, Cla ; gett C. Hilton, Robert L. Hickerson and Downey M. Williams. ' The indictment further says that in addition to being members of the board of county commissioners, that they are | leaders of a political faction known as j The Organization.” One of the ln- I dictments asserts that Lee is prominent in the political affairs of the organ ization. . HOLDS SEA ORDER ENDED RACE TESTS Al Williams Testifies New Duties Would Have Halted Mercury Project. The seaplane development which he had carried on almost single-handed for I nearly five years would have to be abandoned if he were ordered to sej duty and he therefore resigned from the Navy, Lieut. Alford J. Williams, jr„ famous Navy racing and acrobatic pilot, today told a subcommittee of the Senate committee on naval affairs. Funds raised for the development of the Mercury racing plane which he built to represent the United States in the Schneider Trophy races last Fall would be thrown away if this work were abandoned, he declared. "I decided when I was ordered to sea duty by the Navy Department last month,” Lieut. Williams said, "that there was no hope of continuing this work at all if I obeyed the order, which assigned me to sea duty for three years. I realized that absence for that length of time would mean the utter loss of the project. Aviation progress is too rapid today to permit standing still for that length of time.” Obligated to Backer*. Lieut. Williams said he felt an obli gation to the small group of private citizens, who have financed his project to carry the work through to a con clusion. He said he feels if he con tinues work on the Mercury racer for another year he either could carry it to a successful conclusion or determine definitely that the plane is worthless. Lieut. Williams declared the Mercury Flying Corporation, a private non profit-making corporation, composed largely of his personal friends, had planned to donate the Mercury racer to the United States Navy upon th p conclusion of the tests. Today's hearing was confined to the questioning of Lieut. Williams by mem bers of the committee on the history of speed plane development by the Navy Department and himself during his dis tinguished 13-year career as a naval aviator. No other witnesses were called today and the hearing was adjourned shortly after noon until 10:46 am. tomorrow. The Navy Department was repre sented by David S. Ingalls, Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Aeronautics, and Comdr. John Towers, acting chief of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics. Considers Development Necessary. Lieut. Williams told the committee that he is convinced personally of the necessity for speedplane development if the United States is to maintain its place in the aeronautical world. Such development is necessary, he believes, not only for military aviation but for commercial air transport as well. He told of the part he played as a Navy pilot in speedplane development and competition in the Pulitzer and Schneider speedplane classic over a period of nearly 10 years. The Navy Department, he testified, took part in these contests until 1926. when, following the Schneider trophv :ontest at Norfolk. Va„ a change of feel ing became apparent among Navy officials. "The question arose,” he said, “whether the Army and Navy had any business representing the United States in such competitions. Secretary Wilbur felt that the Industry would handle the competition and that the Navy should withdraw.” Navy withdrawal from the Schneider competition was ordered late in 1926, Williams said, and he obtained authori zation from the Navy to undertake private development of a plane to rep resent this country in the 1927 Schneid er classic. He testified he was granted seven months’ leave by the Navy for develop ment of the plane, four months of this time being due him as accumulated leave. He raised private capital amount ing to nearly $70,000 and formed the Mercury Flying Corporation, he said. He then told in detail of the difficulties encountered in development of the plane, which in practically every re spect was a pioneer effort. Developing His Plane. While the question of his assignment to sea duty came up. he told the com mittee. and it was with great difficulty that he obtained authority to remain ashore and continue the work. In response to questions by Senator Tvdings, Democrat of Maryland, chair man of the subcommittee, Lieut. Wil liams said that he should have had sea duty beginning about 1922 but that this had been postponed so he could con centrate on racing plane development. In 1927. when the question of sea duty again was raised, he said, he was permitted to remain ashore and con tinue the work only because of the ac tive support of Rear Admiral William A. Moffett, chief of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics. The question of sea duty was left open, he said, until the conclusion of his work of rebuilding the Mercury racer for the 1929 Schnei der races. He then raised another $30,000 of pri vate capital and began rebuilding the plane at the Philadelphia Naval Air craft Factory. The plane was completed in time for tests last August at the United States Naval Academy. Annapo lis. Md. These tests failed, he said, principally because the plane was greatly overweight. He said he called upon Comdr. Tow ers for a Navy tug to carry the plane back to Philadelphia, so that excess weight might be eliminated in time to enter the plane in the Schneider races last September. His request never was complied with, he told the committee, and finally the City of Baltimore fur nished him a municipal tugboat free of charge to take the plane to Phila delphia. HOOVER S BIG BROTHER "TED" NOW GUEST IN WHITE HOUSE First Visit Here Since Inau guration—Larger Than President. Also an Engineer and Attend ing Convention of Profes sion in City. President Hoover’s big brother, Theodore Jesse Hoover, dean of tne School of Engineering at Stanford Uni versity, California, is visiting him at the White House for the first time since he took up his residence there more than a year ago. Tii is is also the first time these two brothers have met since shortly after the 1928 elections. Mr. Hoover is ex pected to remain as a guest for sev gr£i d&ys. Herbert Hoover’s big brother is big ger m size and age—being three years the President’s senior. There is a strong resemblance between the two and they posses* many of the same personal characteristics. "Ted,” as the older brother is affectionately called, was pre vented by illness from coming to Wash ington tor mrbert’a inauguration, and his duties at the university have noi permitted him to take the time off t< make the long Journey East since then His trip to Washington at this tim is to attend the annual meeting of th< American Society of Mechanical Engi neers He will attend the banquet at the Mayflower Hotel tonight, which will INDICTMENTS MADE FOR GINGER SALES 1 35 Charged With Conspiracy After Outbreak of Partial Paralysis in Kentucky. By the Associated Press. COVINGTON, Ky„ April B—Federal law enforcement agencies moved today to remove the source of what health officers believe to be the cause of the recent outbreak in Kentucky and other States of partial paralysis—adulterated Jamaica ginger. Following the voting of 35 indict ments by a Federal grand Jury here for conspiracy to violate the prohibition laws, two Federal officers today were on their way to Eastern cities to serve capais warrants on indicted officers of various concerns charged with manu facturing or distributing the product. Officials of firms in St. Louis, Phila delphia, Cincinnati, Covington and Newport, Ky., Boston and New York were named in the indictments, it was announced. Sawyer Smith, Federal district at i torney, declared Government chemists have found that denatured alcohol was the principal ingredient of the ginger concoction, with castor oil used as a solvent. He declared manufacturers have profited as much as $1,700 a barrel on the product. Among those named, according to Information given out following a re port to Ernest Rowe, Louisville, acting Kentucky-Tennessee prohibition ad ministrator. are Forest James. L. A Hill and J. C. Boyd, officers of the Fulton Chemical Co., New York City; officials of the Elon Co., Brooklyn; officials of the Hub Products Co., Bos ton; Frank E. Llnet. owner of the Peer Products Co.. Cincinnati: Sol Kaufman, Eli King and Max King, officials of the K. & K. Drug Co.. Newport, Ky.; H. E. Oswald of the Oswald Taubee Co., Cin cinnati. and R. A. Rasrhe of the R. A. Rasche Co., Cincinnati. More than 300 cases of the partial paralysis, subsequently diagnosed by Kentucky health board officials as mul tiple neuritis, have been reported to the board. The Federal investigation that result ed In the indictments followed the raiding in January of the establishment of the General Products Co., Louisville, Mr. Rowe was quoted as saying. Seven teen barrels of the ginger in bulk and hundreds of two-ounce bottles were seized. OFFICERS RESCUE CHICAGO OFFICIAL FROM ABDUCTORS (Continued From First Page.) | The election board sent 14 investi gators into the "bloody twentieth” ward to watch developments. Policemen, with pistols strapped out ; side their blue coats, patrolled the city under orders for special vigilance today. Detectives, in squad cars equip ped with riot guns, toured the town. Thousands of civilian volunteers stood watch over polling places. Down-State, where Representative Ruth Hanna McCormick and United States Senator Charles S. Deneen have pulled at opposite ends of the World Court issue in their tug-o’-war for the 1 Republican senatorial nomination, spe cial precautions against violence and fraud were regarded as unnecessary. Democrats, too. were nominating a candidate for the United States Senate. The nomination of former Senator James Hamilton Lewis, however, was a mere formality for them. 800,000 Votes Forecast. The day dawned fair, and promised • to stay that way from the opening of the polls at 6 a.m. to their closing, in j Chicago, at 5 p.m. There were Republi can and Democratic candidates for the senatorial nominations, for Congress, for several county offices, State Legis lature, Sanitary District and Municipal Court. There were 50 city bond propo sitions. There were two aldermanic va cancies to be filled. And, of particular Interest In Chicago, there was the elec tion of county central committeemen. State central committeemen and sena torial district committees. A vote of 800,000 was forecast in Chicago, which has 1.297.055 registered voters. Downstate was not expected to do as well. More watchers were on hand at poll ing places than at any primary or elec tion of recent years. The estimated , total was 60,000, or about 20 to a precinct. Fraudulent Voting Reported. Police squads were kept busy rush ing from one polling place to another on "trouble shooting” business. One election worker was reported kidnaped and fraudulent voting was reported from several precincts. Most of the alarms proved false. Jack Levlng, a watcher at the polls a block from the central police sta tion. telephoned the election commis sion that the ballot box was being stuffed. A squad sped over to Investi gate. found only one ballot had been cast and took Leving away to cool off. The State’s attorney’s office heard that Ralph Capone, brother of Scar face Al, was active with 100 henchmen in the village of Stickney, seeking to defeat the village clerk for re-election. at vlm V v Mfti ai Ilk %* H Usk c|«§ ajk HH| I iIJSi ! THEODORE JESSE HOOVER. i ! be featured by the awarding to Presi dent 'Hoover of a medal for his out standing contribution to the profession ■>f mechanical engineering. The Lincoln suite on the Pennsylvania ivenue side of the second floor of the White House, which was used by Presi ient Lincoln and which contains the martyred President’s huge walnut bed, is being occupied by Mr. Hoover dur . icg his visit. GALE HITS PORTABLE SCHOOL ROOF 1 l ' "' ' ’ • WM " " ~ fJ ' r * ■:— 2S- Picture made in wake of the storm yesterday showing; damage to roof of the portable building at the Jefferson Junior High School, at Sixth and School streets southwest. Thirty-five children were forced to flee. —Star Staff Photo. GANDHI’S SON SENT TO JAIL FOR REVOLT Violation of Salt Laws Brings Sentence of Six Months’ Imprisonment. By the Associated Press. SURAT, India, April B.—Ram Das Gandhi, son of Mahatma Gandhi, who was arrested at Bhir a i Sunday with volunteers for breakjv, the salt laws, was sentenced to six months' rigorous imprisonment today. Four coitnpanions were given similar sentences. Most of the Hindu and Parsi shops in Bombay City suspended business today in response to the hartal or strike call of the Bombay Congress committee of i the India National Congress. The har ; tal is in protest at arrest of K. F. Nari man and Jamanlal Bajaj for their ac j tivities in behalf of Mahatma Gandhi’s : salt law violators. 2,000 Students Join. Nariman, who is a most prominent Swarajist, or Indian Nationalist, was j sentenced to one month's simple impris j onment for infringing the salt laws. Two thousand school boys threw down 1 their books and joined the hartal. A message from Jalapur today said j that Gandhi Thursday would commence j a tour of the villages about him. He is I due tomorrow at Bhimrad. Despite widespread rumors that his j | arrest was imminent the Indian Na i tionalist leader was allowed for the third J 1 ti&ie since Sunday to manufacture salt • lrt defiance of the British monopoly. | About 80 others already have been | . arrested in the campaign of civil dis obedience by which the leader hopes j to bring about Indian independence. None Will Fight Police. Today’s violation was on the beach at Aat, where yesterday police clashed I with Satyagrahis, or Nationalist volun i teers, and bruised the hands of some who refused to give up their salt, but, in pursuance of Gandhi's doctrine of non-violence, would not fight. Gandhi’s answer to the clash was read aloud to the Aat villagers. He urged them not to give up their salt even if the police broke the bones in their hands He advised them to ar. as he does, only loin cloths, ana so avoid having their clothes torn. Generally Gandhis followers are maintaining an almost strict adherence to his passive doctrines and are refrain ing from violence, but a few clashes with the constabulary were reported. Police fired on workmen in the Mysore ’ gold mines. Southern India, who got out of hand during a strike and stoned officials. There were 50 casualties. Gangadharrao Deshpande, prominent Indian National leader of Belgaum near Bombay, was arrested today with three others for violating the salt laws. The town of Belgaum is observing the gen eral hartal. - . ■ ; SUBMARINE ISSUE BLOCKS COMPLETE 3-POWER ACCORD (Continued From First Page.) case Mr. Macdonald reiterated a former pledge to divulge full information on naval conference matters to a meeting of party leaders. Both Conservatives and Liberal party leaders approved the prime minister’s stand, and Mr. Locker-Lampson with drew his motion, which was made in the absence of Sir Austin Chamberlain, and Stanley Baldwin, who generally are' responsible for Conservative party pro cedure. A statement of David Lloyd George, Liberal leader and formar coalition premier, in the course of debate at tracted considerable attention. He de- < jclared: “It is very important that we should know what w-e are being com mitted to, because these commitments are matters of peace and war. There has been a good deal of discussion as to whether or not we were committed in 1914. If we were we were committed to something which was very vague, but where >t was a question of honor, whether there was a real commitment or not, we gave the benefit of the doubt to the others We don’t want 1 hose conditions to rise again. We don’t want | any commitment by which the French will assume we have Incurred certain obligations which we did not intend to incur.” OPPOSE FOUR-POWER PACT. French Would Hesitate to Sign Treaty Excluding Italy. PARIS, April B.—Predictions were ‘ heard in responsible circles today that the Five-Power Naval Conference at | London would have as its principal ac- I complishment a three-power limitation ' accord to which France and Italy later j can adhere. Today as Artistide Briand, French prime minister, entrained for London, there were clear indications that France would hesitate to sign a treaty which would leave Italy outside, and place Italy, neighbor to France, in an iso lated position with reference to the other great powers. Many Frenchmen, it was said, would think it unsound politics to have France adhere to a treaty at London, even, if that were possible, and thus give Italy the impression she was being left out. particularly since France de sires to find a solution for such out standing questions as the status of Italians in Tunis and rectification of the southern frontier of Tripoli. C WON ANSWERS LAWYER’S CHARGES Representative Denies Jad win Report on Potomac Pow er Was “Suppressed.” Attacking a recent statement of Elisha Hanson, attorney for the Potomac River Corporation, who charged that the mi- j nority report of Gen. Edgar Jadwin, as J a member of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission, favoring i power developments at Great Palls, had j Deen “suppressed,” Representative Cram- ; ton of Michigan, today said in a state ment that the only suppression has to do with Mr. Hanson’s views. Represen tative Cramton is the author of the bill to keep the Potomac Valley for a park way. In his statement, Hanson, whose ' client is urging congressional approval of a park-power development project in the Great Falls area, charged that the Jadwin report was suppressed notwith standing the fact that Gen. Jadwin was chairman of the Planning Commisison at the time. I Representative Cramton today denied that the Jadwin report was suppressed and said that he had caused to have printed in the Congressional Record all ! opposition views obtainable before the House passed on the matter. Cramton’a Statement. Mr. Cramton’s statement follows in full: “The attorney for the Potomac River Corporation, which company seeks a I permit to develop power at Great Falls, I gives much emphasis to what he calls the ‘suppression’ of the minority state ment of Gen. Jadwin last August as a | member of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission Inasmuch i as Gen. Jadwin was himself the chair- I man of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission at the close of ! the last fiscal year, it is to be presumed that he could have secured the in j elusion of any minority statement he [ desired in their report for that fiscal ; year. Evidently he did not care to em phasize his opposition to the views of ! the other 10 members of the commission ito that extent. Certainly until Gen. Jadwin indicates some feeling that his | views have been ‘suppressed’ by the ; Planning Commission. Mr. Hanson does | not need to worry about it. "So far as the House of Representa tives is concerned, the views of both Gen. Jadwin and Maj. Somervell were brought to the attention of the House i as fully as possible before H. R. 26. I the bill in controversy, for the estab- I lishment of a park at Great Falls, came 1 up for consideration in the House. The bill was considered in the House on Thursday. January 30. In the Con gressional Record of Tuesday, January 28. and again in the Congressional Rec ord of Thursday. January 30. appears the Gen. Jadwin statement in full, once inserted at the request of Representa tive Wilson of Louisiana and again at the request of Representative McDuffie | of Alabama. “In my principal address on this bill in the House on Monday. January 21. I referred to the views of Maj. Somer vell and placed in the Record in full the letter of Maj. Somervell to Repre sentative William E. Hull of Illinois, in which letter was thus first given to the public by me the $100,000,000 waste conclusion of the major. Both the Jadwin and Somervell views were, therefore, before the House, and not withstanding on Thursday, January 30. the House proceeded to pass H. R. 26 by a vote of 199 to 24. Hearings Year Ago. “I have wondered that the power i company that is fighting this park bill : has not made complaint at the ‘sup . pression’ of the Hanson views with ref erence to H. R. 26. The identical prede cessor of this bill was the subject of hearings in the Seventieth Congress, a year ago, before the committee on pub lic buildings and grounds of the House and the committee on the District of Columbia of the Senate, both hearings being publicly announced in advance, but no one appeared in opposition to the bill and the views of Mr. Elisha Hanson, attorney for the Potomac River Corporation, appear to have been ‘sup pressed’ at that time. In this Congress H. R. 26 was the subject of an an nounced public hearing before the com mittee on public buildings and grounds of the House and also the committee on rules of the House, in December, I 1929, and January, 1930, respectively, and still the views of Mr. Elisha Hanson of the Potomac River Corporation con tinued to be ‘suppressed.’ One may have a suspicion that Mr. Hanson thought that his own quiet and unobtrusive per sonal activities had killed the bill, but this did not prove to be the case, and it was not until the bill had passed the House and was pending before the Sen ate committee that Mr. Elisha Hanson, attorney for the Potomac River Corpo ration. gave any public expression to his very definite and positive, but not disinterested, views concerning the pro posed park at Great Falls. It is ap parent that the real ‘suppression’ of views in connection with this legislation has to do with the Elisha Hanson views, which were only presented publicly to Congress after he was surprised by the great victory gained by the legislation in the House and driven to abandon his more unobtrusive methods and take up a public activity in behalf of his cor poration.” Say Bean Crop Is largest. SHANGHAI (IP).— The Manchurian soy bean crop, foundation of the re gion’s economic structure, was the largest in history this season. More than 8,000,000 acres were planted with the bean. « SCANDALS CHARGED IN POSTAL LEASES Senator Nye Urges Senate Investigation of Rentals Throughout Country. By the Associated Press. Scandals In the leases of po6t office buildings throughout the country, said to be costing the Government millions annually, were charged by Senator Nye, Republican, North Dakota, In a speech today In the Senate assailing the St. Paul Commercial Station lease. Senator Blaine, Republican, Wiscon sin, offered a resolution calling for & Senate investigation of the post office leases. His resolution charged that “fraud, misrepresentation and corrup tion” had entered into the negotiations for the leases Senator Nye called upon the Senate to adhere to a provision in the House appropriation bill for the Post Office Department which struck out the $120,- 000 fund for rental of the St. Paul Commercial Office. Calls Situation Rotten. “The story at St. Paul smells to high heaven,” Nye told the Senate. “If all other post office building leases are on a par with that at St. Paul the situa tion is rotten and unconscionable. It is a story that possibly rivals the Tea pot Dome and other naval oil reserve leases. “I remember a Mr Fisher who was investigator for the Senate lands com mittee who told me frequently that if Congress would go into the Post Office leases it would uproot a scandal that has fastened itself upon the Government over a period of administrations. Mr. Fisher died suddenly about two years ago and under circumstances which some people believed very suspicious.” Senator Nye said that in 1920, the Government entered into a contract, without open bidding, for the construc tion of a sub-station in St. Paul. The contract provided that the Government would rent the building for 20 years at an annual rental of $120,775. Recommends Reduction. In a letter read to the Senate by I Senator Phipps, Republican, Colorado, i Postmaster General Brown today sug ' gested that the Senate cut down the appropriation for rentals for post office buildings by $60,000. He estimated this sum of $60,000 could be saved in the rental of another building at St. Paul. Senator Phipps said the St. Paul lease was now before the courts. Both he and the Postmaster General urged that Congress not take action, as was done by the House, to cancel the lease while it was before the court. Senator Nye I insisted the situation existing at St. | Paul was applicable to other cities. "Both the Government and the public I are bein duped,” he asserted, pleading for a Senate investigation. “It does no: | lie at the door of any one administra- J tion, but covers them all.” PENNSYLVANIA VOTES i ON STOCK INCREASE I _ Railroad Places Proposal Before Shareholder* to Raise Capital to $870,000,000. t • i By the Associated Press. PHILADELPHIA. April B.—A proposal to increase the capital stock of the Pennsylvania Railroad Co. from *700.- 000.000 to *870.000.000 was placed be | fore the stockholders at the annual : meeting of the company today and au l thorization was given that a stock vote ; be taken on the proposition at the an , nual election, April 22. Proposals to lease the West Jersey &• i Seashore Railroad Co. and the Western i New York & Pennsylvania Railway Co, t to the Pennsylvania for 999 years, from July 1. 1930. will also be submitted to a . stock vote on April 22. WOMAN WILL MANAGE ■i DEMOCRATIC COMMITTEE , First of Sex to Hold Position in Kansas Politics—Man Chair man Resigned. By the Associated Press. TOPEKA. Kans., April B.—John W. Wells, Olathe, today announced his ' resignation as Democratic State chair man and turned over to a woman, Mrs. Carl V. Rice of Parsons, the responsi bilities of the party’s leadership in Kansas. I Mrs. Rice is the first woman to be placed at the helm of a major party's State committee in Kansas. She will i serve until a new chairman is chosen by 1 the State party council after the Au gust primary. Although she is in her early thirties, the new State chairman has been active in Democratic organizations since 1922, when she was named secretary of the Labette County committee. She is the mother of three children. Wells resigned to direct the campaign of Harry H. Woodring of Neodesha for the Democratic nomination for gover nor. BOWIE ENTRIES FIRST RACE—II.2OO. claiming: maiden 3-year-olds and upward: 7 furlongs. My Scoop 110 Wandering Gold.. 110 Evanston 110 Frances St. L.... 105 , Negodale 116 "Benda 100 Charioteer 110 *Sweet Chance. . 105 Broker 110 Also eligible— •Kuchi 100 Lucille M 105 •Gnome Boy 105 Night Bell 105 Daiila 11l Billy Long, jr 116 •Cerastes 100 Merrie Mac Queen 100 Trapland 105 ‘Ole Man River.. 105 •Star 105 SECOND RACE—SI,2OO: claiming: 2-year olds: 4 furlongs. Lauhala 110 Wigrose 11l Sweet Call 107 Sandals 115 Fervid 11l Also eligible— The Merauise. ... 115 Miss Dinwiddle... 107 •Zebra 108 Molly Hogan ill •Rose Volt 106 NoaJovce 110 Aweless 109 Blueberry 110 Chemln des Da'es 107 'Brighton ins •Hold Hard 105 Sibylline 113 Brandon Dare . .. . 112 THIRD RACE—SI,2OO: claiming: 4-year olds and up: l'» miles. •Maid of the Va’y 102 ‘Fair Bill 11l •Rea 106 ‘Chattahoochee .. 106 •Belmona 106 ‘Alita Allen 104 3unther 112 ‘Era 107 •Rusticate ill *Aregal 111 •Signola 102 ‘Lucie Ann 102 •Fair Gold 11l rOI’RTH RACE- $1,200; claiming; 4-.vear olds and up: 6 furlongs •Stretcher 11l ’First Mission.... 114 •Tokt 105 Gold Mint 114 •Clearance 114 ‘Elisabeth Bolla.. 104 •Algol 109 Bramablatl 114 Golden Volt 114 Eauation 115 •Vtrado 112 ‘Judge Bartlett.. 112 FIFTH RACE—SI,4OO: the Fairfax; 4-year olds and up: I,'« miles. Ormon Bird 105 Voltear 105 Cogalr 100 Grey Coat 105 Joe Marrione 3d. 105 Kadiak 105 SIXTH RACE—SI,2OO; claiming: 4-year olds and up: l.‘« miles. •Molehill 122 ’Bounding Deep.. 107 •Bocaratone 112 Sun Forward. .. 120 Clear Sky 118 Fairy Malden 110 Goldstar 112 ‘Fire Brigade 110 SEVENTH RACE—SI,2OO; claiming: 4-year olds and up; IV* miles •Reform 107 ‘Manager Evers.. 107 Cleve Pierce 107 ’Haves’ Choice... 107 San de Oro 112 ’Bill Seth ill •Immortal 107 *Darlc ill Billy Baughn. .. 11l Force 114 •Loredeau 107 Torrence 109 Mountain Grass.. 104 •Apprentice allowance claimed. Weather elear. track good. Horses listed according to post position. First race. 2:30 p.m.