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(U. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.) Pair, continued cold tonight, with heavy frost in the suburbs; minimum temperature tonight about 30 degrees. Temperatures—Highest. 48, at 5 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 34, at 5 am. today. Pull report on page 9. Late N. Y. Markets, Pages 13,14 &15 No. 31,401 MURDER PROBE BIT . BY MRS. NORTON IN BEARING AT CAPITOL Representative Says Investi / cation of Baker Death Has Been Handled Clumsily. /SEARCH FOR SLAYER AT VIRTUAL IMPASSE Officials Hunt in Vain for New Clue in Killing of Navy Worker. Investigation of the murder of Mary Baker drew criticism from the Capitol today when Representative Mary T. Norton of New Jersey charged that the case had been handled clumsily and deplored the fact that in running down clues those in authority had seen fit ’ to “publicly disgrace and ruin the rep utations of the Innocent.” ' Representative Norton expressed her opinions at a hearing before the Lam pert subcommittee of the House Dis trict committee today, which was con sidering the Romjue bill to provide for the establishment of a school here to train policemen. “In view of the present situation in the District of Columbia—three fright ful murders have been committed with in a short time and none have been solved —it seems to me a training school for policemen and policewomen is most essential,” she declared. * Case Handled Clumsily. "I mean to be fair to the authorities, but I do believe the most recently ghast ly murder committed has been handled very clumsily to say the least. * “To find the murderer is naturally the one thought in mind and it is necessary to run down every clue to try to solve the problem. In order to do so, however, it is quite unnecessary to publicly disgrace and ruin the reputa tions of the innocent. “Think of the great WTong that has been done to many in this latest tragedy; not only to the poor victim through an agonizing death, but even after death by staining her reputation —when It is purely guesswork. This young woman was the daughter of a respected clergyman, her friends and co-workers speak of her in the highest terms, as does the little town in Vir ginia where she formerly resided. Exert every efTort to bring this sneaky mur * derer to the bar of justice, but in so , doing do not publicly hurt the character of those who are only too willing, at the risk of their reputations to help the police in every way in connection with this tragedy. Confidence Destroyed. “True, the so-called ‘suspects’ have been cleared in so far as the au thorities is concerned; but there will always remain a doubt in the minds cf many, through this broadcast of misleading evidence, and more than that, there is an old saying that ‘faith once lost can never be restored.’ Think of confidence destroyed in the families of these men. "Let the newspapers co-operate with the police to all ends to solve this awful murder, but in doing so let them not brand the Innocent by broadcasting « misgivings.” , . Mrs. Norton said afterwards that she did not want her remarks to be con strued as an attack entirely against the local department, for she realized after talking to police officials that they had » been confronted with a huge problem in the case. Any shortcomings, she said, were equally ascribed to the Vir ginia authorities and the Department of Justice. .... It was pointed ont at the District Building today that Julian Gallagher and Mervin Sisson, nearby Virginia salesmen, who were brought to Arling ton County Court House for questioning in connection with the Baker murder inquiry, were arrested by the Virginia authorities at the request of William C. Gloth, Commonwealth attorney of Ar lington County. The Washington po lice have co-operated in the investiga tion, but most of the activity has been directed from Arlington County, where the crime appears to have been com mitted. Impasse Is Reached. Investigation of the murder of Miss Baker reached a definite impasse today as Washington police, Arlington County officials and Department of Justice agents search in vain for a new clue to put them on the trail of the slayer. Every lead that appeared promising at the outset has been run down and every possible suspect questioned and eliminated, leaving the crime as deep a mystery as it was on April 12, when Miss Baker’s body was found in a cul vert on the fringe of Arlington Ceme • tery. The investigators, however, while obviously discouraged, refuse to give up all hope of an ultimate solution. Two of the prinicpals in the investi gation temporarily .cast aside all ' thoughts of the Baker case and turned to other work—Commonwealth Attor ney Gloth of Arlington County and Inspector William S. Shelby, chief of Washington’s Detective Bureau. Gloth concentrated attention on his official duties as Arlington County’s prosecutor, announcing that he would devote his time chiefly to cases pending in the Circuit Court unless there are unexpected developments in the murder investigation. Inspector Shelby ac (Continued on Page 2, Column 8.) BRENNER~kfi)NAPERS SENTENCED TO LIFE Five Russian* Are Convicted in China for Capture of American. By the Associated Press. : TIENTSIN. China. April 24. —Pour Russians, convicted of kidnaping Aaron Brenner, New York fur dealer, last No vember were sentenced to life im prisonment today by a Chinese judge. A fifth prisoner was sentenced to five years. Brenner, kidnaped early in November, was held for a ransom of $500,000. After lying held nearly a week he was re- Jrased, the police being close on the t",al of the kidnapers. On November * 15. seven men were arrested on suspi- £ion of belonging to the gang. Entered as second class matter post office. Washington. D. C. Frost in Prospect Here Unless Winds Shift From North Fair Weather Forecast for Capital for at Least Two More Weeks. The District will suffer a heavy frost tonight if today’s north winds fail to subside before nightfall, the Weather Bureau prognosticator announced to day. No relief from the present cold snap is promised before the end of the week he said. The maximum temperature for today is 48 degrees and a minimum of 30 degrees tonight is forecast. The cold wave is blamed on north winds bring ing along with them a touch of the icy blasts of Canada, the weather man said. The weather will be fair for two weeks at least, he said. IMMIMONCUT BY SENATE’S VOTE European Allotment Would Be Reduced From 150,000 . to 80,000 Annually. By the Associated Press. The Senate today voted to cut down immigration from Europe to this coun try from 150,000 annually to 80,000. The vote was 41 to 31. Senator Harris, Democrat, of Geor gia, proposed to cut in half the Euro pean Immigration allotments as an amendment to his bill, placing quota restrictions upon Central >and South American countries. The measure itself remained to be acted upon. Harris’ amendment modified the amendment by Senator Norbeck, Re publican, of South Dakota to the bill repealing the national origins basis of restriction. Under the original Norbeck amend ment, immigration would be allowed to European countries on the basis of I*4 per cent of their citizens residing in this country in 1890. This would have reduced annual Europe immigration from 150,000 to 120,000. Senator Harris today succeeded in making the basis 1 per cent of the foreign population resident here in 1890. DISTRICT OFFICES ARE REDISTRIBUTED Health Department Is Put Under Reichelderfer in New Arrangement. Commissioners Luther H. Reichel derfer and Herbert B. Crosby today re distributed the offices over which they have direct control. The most impor tant change, predicted for some time, put the Health Department under Dr. Reichelderfer and the corporation counsel’s office under Gen. Crosby, This centralizes the health work under Dr. Reichelderfer and the police and law enforcement under Gen. Crosby. A number of examining and other boards, all having to do with health work, were transferred from Commis sioner Crosby to Commissioner Reichel derfer. They are: The Board of Den tal Examiners, the Board of Licensure to Practice the Healing Arts, the Board of Optometry, the Anatomical Board, the Board of Veterinary Examiners, the Nurses Examining Board and the Board of Pharmacy. These various health boards were previously under the control of Com missioner Proctor L. Dougherty, who was chairman of the board and also police commissioner. In making the appointments of the present civilian Commissioners, however. President Hoo ver stated that it was his plan to put Gen. Crosby, an Army man, in charge of the police work and to let Dr. Reich elderfer attend to the duties falling on the president of the board. BROWN SIGNS THREE OCEAN MAIL PACTS Agreement With IT. S. Lines, Inc., Provides $78,000,000 Expendi ture in Shipbuilding. By the Associated Press. Postmaster General Brown today signed three ocean mail contracts with the United States Lines, Inc., calling for an expenditure in American ship building of Approximately $78,000,000. The contracts are for carrying the mails on the following routes: New York to Southampton, via Cherbourg; New York to Hamburg, via Plymouth, England; New York to London, via Plymouth. The first two contracts are for a pe riod of 10 years, while the one from New York to London is for a term of five years, with a provision that the Postmaster General, if he so elects, may extend it for another five-year period. RADIO PIONEER ANNOUNCES PLAN TO LEAVE BROADCASTING FIELD Maj. J. Andrew White, Who Supervised Construction of WRC, to Retire May 1. Br the Associated Press. NEW YORK, April 24.—Maj. J. An drew White, one of the pioneers of radio and a founder of the Columbia Broad casting System, today announced his withdrawal from active participation In the broadcasting field, effective May 1. He has resigned from all executive duties, but will retain hLs stock holdings in the Columbia System. Maj. White has been one of the chief executives of the network since 1927. being its first president and later managihT director. Maj. White, who mi one <$ the flrat. Uht lamina V v J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION \^/ WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 24, 1930-FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** PRESIDENT PUTS 1 TARIFF VOTE UP TO HOUSE FIRST t Sides With Senate in Contro \ versy on Export Debenture Provision of Bill. i 1 CONFERENCE REPORT > ACTION WITHIN WEEK i ; Breakfast Meeting at White House Discusses Only Question of Procedure. By the Associated Press. Taking a jiand in the tariff contro , versy, President Hoover at a conference , with Republican congressional leaders today sided with Senate chiefs and ap * proved a direct vote by the House on the controverted export debenture pro- I vision put in the bill by the Senate over his objection. The congressional pilots were called to a breakfast conference by the Presi dent after the Senate and House leaders had quarreled over which branch should act first on the tariff bill differ ences between them which were left unsettled by their conferees. Senator Watson of Indiana, the ma jority leader, insisted that the House act first. House spokesmen were re luctant to submit to this procedure. Mr. Hoover listened to the discussion and sided with Watson. To Come Up in Week. Accepting the decision, the House will take up the conference report a week from today. Separate votes will be In order on the Senate’s proposal for the export debenture farm relief principle and on the Senate’s modifica tion of existing flexible tariff provisions. Both propositions were voted into the i bill by the coalition of Senate Demo . crats and Western Republican Indepen- I dents over the expressed opposition of ; the President. Attendants at the White House . breakfast parley reported that only the I procedure came up for discussion, and ’ that none of the rates was talked of. Sugar Protection Fight. 1 Shortly after the White House con , ference, House members from 15 sugar producing States began plans to insist t on as high protection as possible for . the sugar growers and refiners. At an Informal meeting they dis cussed the attitude they would take, but reserved final decision. Representative Cramton, Republican Michigan, one of the leading advocates of a higher tariff, said “we decided to | take steps to protect the sugar interests, both cane and beet.” The House bill Increases the exist ing duty on Cuban raw sugar from 1.76 ‘ to 2.40 cents a pound. The Senate measure provides a 2 cent rate. Those in attendance at the breakfast were: Senators Watson, Indiana; Smoot, Utah, and Shortridge, Califor nia; the three Republican Senate con ferees, Representatives Hawley, Oregon; • Treadway, Massachusetts, and Bacha . rach, New Jersey; the three Repub r lican House conferees, Speaker Long worth, Representatives Til son of Con • necticut, the House floor leader; Chair , man Snell of the House rules commit tee and Senator McNary, Oregon, as : slstant Republican leader of the Senate. Walter H. Newton, one of the Presi ’ dent’s secretaries, also attended the ; meeting. Explained In Statement. An official statement Issued later at i the Capitol said: “At the breakfast at the White House ■ ;his morning the President was informed • by the majority conferees on the part of s the Senate and House on the pending l tariff bill that they reached an agree . ment on nearly all Items in dispute be : tween the House and Senate, and that l under the usual procedure, the Senate, having the papers, the conference report s would be considered by that body first. “Upon conference it was agreed that > the Senate should deliver the papers to > the House and the conference report be : first considered in the House, i “It was expected that the conference ■ report would be ready not later than : Tuesday of next week and that it will • be taken up in the House on Thursday • of next week.” i Representative Tilson said it would take probably two or three days to dis pose of the report in the House. All the items in agreement will be voted upon en bloc, then separate bal lots will be taken on the high points > of difference. I Should the House refuse to concur in any one of the Senate rates or adminis trative provisions in disagreement the bill will be returned to conference. ’ —i. .1., . - » BALL GAME POSTPONED Cold Weather Again Causes Can test Here to Be Called Off. ’ Because of the cold weather the i Washington-Boston base ball game , scheduled today in Griffith Stadium ’ here has been called off. It was an nounced that today's game as well as that of yesterday, which also was halted i by cold weather, will go to make up i double-headers May 21 and 22, when the Red Sox next visit here. 1 Explosion Kills Four. LIEGE, Belgium. April 24 OP).—Pour i workmen perished today in the ex t plosion of a reservoir containing am* : monia in a factory near here. Seventy ! persons suffered from the effects of the ammonia fumes, 10 of them seriously. announcers to describe a major sports event for radio, said today that May 1 marks his twentieth year in radio. The major was at one time public re lations director for the Marconi Co. of > America. In 1913 he founded the Wire less Age. a radio magazine, and upon organization of the Radio Corporation of America he was elected vice president 1 and general manager of Wireless Press, i Inc. He built the first official Radio , Corporation of America station and \ completed and opened WDY, a broad cast station, at Roselle Park, N. J. He » supervised the construction of the first . WJZ transmitter In Hew York and l, WRC hi Washington, sfe COUNT CIANO WEDS EDDA MUSSOLINI Brief and Simple Ceremony Is Attended by Color ful Crowd. By the Associated Press. ROME, April 24.—Signorina Edda ; Mussolini was given In marriage to Count Galeazzo Ciano. son of the min -1 lster of communications, by her father. Premier Benito Mussolini, at 10 a.m. today. The ceremony, brief and un pretentious, was at St. Joseph’s Church, on the Via Nomentana. The church, crowded with dignitaries, ; was beautifully decorated. The wedding party drove from the premier’s home to the church, where ' Signorina Edda led the procession on 1 the arm of her father-in-law. Count Ciano. The groom followed, escorting Donna Rachele Mussolini, while at the 1 last came the premier himself with 1 Countess Ciano. Mass Follows Ceremony. The bride proceeded to the altar to > the music of Enrico Bossl's wedding 1 march, played by the organ and an Instrumental quartet. They knelt before the altar and received the Initial blessing of Mgr. Glovenale Pascuccl, the parish rector. After he had read the brief ceremony uniting them in marriage, a low mass was said, and the nuptial contract signed in accordance with the terms of the Lateran treaty, which gives the ecclesiastical marriage civil effect. Witnesses for the bride were the Duce’s brother, Amaldo Mussolini, and Prince Don Giovanni Tolonia; for the groom Dino Grandi, minister of foreign affairs, and Count Devecchi, Italian Ambassador to the Holy See. The brilliant assembly crowded to the aisle as the couple and parents walked from the church. The bride and groom entered an automobile and drove to St. Peter's, where they wor shiped at the tomb of St. Peter before beginning their honeymoon, details of which have been kept strictly secret. In accompanying them to St. Peter’s, the premier, for the first time since the exchange of ratifications of the Lateran treaty with Cardinal Gasparri last Sum mer, set foot within Vatican City. It was believed that in view of a personal gift to Edda from the Pope and Premier Mussolini’s reception at St. Peter’s, the Duce’s long-expected visit to the Pope may soon become an actuality. U. S. Ambassador Is Guest. Guests included United States Am bassador John W. Garrett, Mrs. Garrett, other Ambassadors and Ministers, min isters In the Duce’s cabinet and Fascist party leaders. Mrs. Henrietta Wurts of Philadelphia also was present. Vir ginia Mussolini, sister of the Duce, was among the relatives attending. She is rarely seen in public. The bride is 19 years old, and the groom 27. Despite discouragement by Premier Mussolini there were many gifts. Pope Pius sent a solid gold rosary and with It his benediction. The Fascist party sent a brooch, the Senate a Burano lace veil, and the Chamber of Depu ties a tea service. Others were from the staff of Amaldo Mussolini's paper, Popolo D'ltalia, and from provincial authorities of Forli, Lucca and Leghorn. ; U. S. FILES SUITS ; FOR RADIO PATENTS I - - Actions in New York and Here Cite Inventors Were Employed by Bureau of Standards. r By the Associated Press. The Department of Justice announced today that it was filing suits in the United States District Courts In New York City and the District of Colum bia to compel conveyance to the United | States of patents covering an appar atus through which the operation of radio receiving sets on the ordinary house current was made possible. 1 The department said the patents had been obtained by Percival D. Lowell and Francis W. Dunmore, research workers employed in the Bureau of Standards at the time the Invention was patented. , It said the validity of the patents had i been recently sustained in actions brought in Federal Court by Lowell and . Dunmore against the Radio Corporation i of America. * Gibson Back in Brussel*. t BRUSSELS, April 24 (4>).—Hugh S. Gibson, American Ambassador to Bel- J gium, returned to Brussels today after 1 his three-month absence in London, . where he served on the American Naval > Conference delegation. t _____ 1 Radio Programs* Pag a C-2 Slot Machine Pays Accusing Officer As Court Looks On By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, April 24—" This, your honor,” said Police Capt. Jones as he pointed to a con- I fiscated slot machine in Judge Jonas’ Wabash Avenue Court, “is a machine that literally eats up quarters without giving anything in return.” To illustrate his point, the cap tain pulled a quarter from his pocket, inserted It in the machine, pulled the crank and saw, to his astonishment, five quarters tum -1 ble out. : CANADIAN DEFENDS j LIQUOR CONTROL t * Sir Henry Drayton Testifies i That People Found “Prohi ; bition Did Not Prohibit.” t 1 By the Associated Press. , Sir Henry Drayton, chairman of the liquor control board of Ontario, de ’’ fended the Canadian liquor control t system today before the House judiciary s committee. 5 Sir Henry prefaced his testimony by » explaining that he came at the request l of the committee. He had been Invited, - he said, after a dry witness, former j Premier E. C. Drury of Ontario Province, had attacked the Canadian > plan. ) Sir Henry said, however, that he had [ come to answer no one, and that he ■ occupied a position of neutrality. “Prohibition Did Not Prohibit.” Ontario, the witness said, is the dryest ; of all Canadian provinces. During the | war period, he said, there was a scarcity ■ of food, and prohibition was enacted. He added that during the war prohlbl j tlon worked well, and that in 1919, 1 when a vote was taken, prohibition * obtained 68 per cent of the votes cast. * In 1923 another vote gave prohibition 1 51 per cent of the votes cast. This change was attributed by Sir Henry to changes of view by the Ontario people because of the “things” that followed peacetime prohibition. “We had swamp whisky," he con tinued. “We had all kinds of substitutes. ; There was a growing use of flasks. . There was a growing use of strong liquor. . “Those were the things that caused the change. The people found that , prohibition did not prohibit.” Adopted Control Plan. , "The people then adopted the liqu6r ; control plan, the witness said, as a more , effective thing than prohibition,” he said. “The worst thing under prohibition, ' and lam only speaking for us, was that temperance education ceased. It be j came a matter of Government control. Legislative force succeeded a campaign ’ of moral persuasion,” he said. “Unfortunately legislative force did not work for us. It may work for some people. I know legislative force has worked with the Turks in Africa.” k The amount of distilled liquor re- I leased for consumption in 1915, he said, ’ was 6.942,930 gallons for a population of 7,862,000. In 1923, the amount was 4,275,110 gal -5 lons for a population of 9,658,000. In 1926, Drayton continued, the liquor control started. "Three years later,” he continued, “the government paid but little at (Contlnued on Page 2, Column 4.) 1 BREMEN COLLIDES e ! IN FOG WITH TANKER 1 ; German Liner Damaged in English i r Channel, but Proceeds on j Way to Southampton. l 8 By the Aisociated Press. 8 DOVER, England, April 24.—The i giant German liner Bremen, sistershlp s of the record-breaking Europa, was in 1 i slight collision with the tanker British 1 Grenadier Just off Dungenness in the English Channel this morning. The Bremen, which was outward bound, was reported to have preceeded on her way to Southampton after a t. search for the tanker in a dense fog - in which the crash occurred and was r apparently little, if any, damaged. i. The tanker, however, was badly bat -1 tered on her port side and although not requiring assistance, wirelessed that she was putting into Deal, k The tanker lost large quantities of oil. ■ the ma over a wide area iielnt eovezad, 21 KNOWN KILLED IN INDIAN RIOTING Serious Fighting Reported From Widely Separated Parts of British Domain. By the Associated Press. BOMBAY, April 24.—British authority in India was confronted with an ln ! creasingly grave situation today. With spread of the anti-government move | ment, serious rioting and fighting with troops was reported In widely separated sections of the empire. At Peshawar, important outpost city near the entrance to Khyber Pass, one or more British soldiers and 20 native rioters were killed, reports said, when ; a mob protested arrest of several anti -5 government agitators. A Lahore dispatch said the outbreak was suppressed only when Gurkha troop* poured machine gun and rifle fire into the mob, which had held up an armored car, poured kerosene on It and burned It. Both occupants were burned e to death. At another point In the Bazaar, a >1 British sergeant on a motor cycle ap y proached the rioters, who pulled him off his machine and hacked him on the face with an ax. He was said to y have died of his wounds. The deputy t commissioner of police and other offl- I, cers were badly wounded and sent to r hospitals. o Troops Occupy City, i British and Gurkha troops during the night took absolute charge of the city, . and were said to be maintaining a 3 strong guard at the gates to prevent e incursions by the hill tribesmen, who are of far different fighting stock from the Hindus, and swarm down when there are disturbances with the hope of loot, t On the other side of the empire, In e Calcutta, a crowd heard that Mayor J. M. Sen Gupta, imprisoned for six y months as a consequence of his activity . in behalf of the civil disobedience move . ment, had died or been killed in prison. They stormed the gates of the prison, j demanding to be shown Sen Gupta, dead or alive. j The authorities refused to do this, although issuing a statement that he r was alive and was not undertaking a „ hunger strike. Mrs. Sen Gupta, Brit . ish wife of the imprisoned mayor, main tained a vigil outside the prison . throughout the night. Police ultimately dispersed the mob. 12 Insurgents Killed. * Beyond Calcutta in the Chittagong , neighborhood troops continued their ► pursuit of the “insurgents” who Fri day night attacked the police arsenal, killing six of the defenders. In a skir mish yesterday Burma Valley light horse r killed 12 of the Insurgents, seriously . wounded two and arrested 14. Troops g sought also the four suspects who, while being searched for weapons at Feni, ! pulled guns and shot five police, t Meanwhile, Mahatma Gandhi, leader - (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) MRS. R. Q. LEE TO RUN 1 | Widow of Representative to Seek Seat Vacated by Mate’s Death. I, CISCO. Tex., April 24 (A*).—Mrs. R. i Q. Lee of Cisco, today announced her candidacy for Representative from the - seventeenth Texas district, to fill the unexpired term of her late husband. 5 C ■— -1 ■— '—■■■ ■— : CROSBY PLANS CODE OF CONDUCT FOR POLICE IN MEETING PUBLIC | New Commissioner Plans to Reduce Privileges to Writing for D. C. Department. 1 Gen. Herbert B. Crosby, newly ap pointed Commissioner in charge of ths police department, let it be known today that he is at work on a code of con duct for policemen while doing their , police work. Gen. Crosby said that ' although the public expects a great deal x of policemen In the way of courtesy, 4 tact and other similar qualities, he • has never heard of any sustained efforts to Impart these qualities to the men on j the street. He says that the blame for t churlishness and discourtesy of a police l man should really fall largely on his 5 commanding officer whose duty It is to train his men how to handle the situa t tions they will ordinarily meet while s doing their work. Gen. Crosby’s idea is that after he . gets his code drawn up he will put It l up to tha anuyndlng offloara to drive “From Prett to Home Within the Hour** The Star*! carrier iystera covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Yesterday’s Circulation, 117,463 (JP) Means Associated Press. OHIO CONVICTS DEFY GUARDS AND DEMAND WARDEN BE REMOVED Hundreds in Idle House TKreaten to Kill Keepers, but Actual Violence Is Averted. TENSE SITUATION ARISES AMONG ENRAGED PRISONERS Thomas Declares He Will Restore Order by Nightfall, Even if Bayonets of Mobilized Troops Are Needed. By the Associated Press. COLUMBUS, Ohio, April 24.—A serious situation threatened in the Ohio Penitentiary this afternoon as half of the 3,000 prisoners in two cell blocks openly defied guards, but there was no actual violence except one fist fight. Unruly convicts, incensed by the death of 318 prisoners who were burned and suffocated in their locked cells Monday night, urged other prisoners to “take a chance,” but after Deputy Warden J. C. Woodward talked to the men, they quieted down. . The general spirit of unrest continued, however, and officials feared further trouble. Condemn Thomas and Guards. The prisoners continued outspoken in condemnation of Warden Preston Thomas and several guards, who they said caused the great . loss of life by failing to open cell doors quickly. Most of the trouble I was in the idle house, where 2,000 men are housed. About 40 per I cent of the cell locks in this block had been broken and the prisoners were milling in the cage outside the cells. Warden Thomas said he would give the men ample time to settle down but that he intended to re-establish order before nightfall, “if j I have to use a soldier with a bayonet to every prisoner.” 1 Trouble in the prison yard was averted by cool-headed leaders of the convicts there, but soldiers and Naval Reserve men remained outside the prison, ready to meet the emergency. Open warfare was threatened during the morning by some 2,000 convicts in the idle house if they were not released immediately. They said they would kill the score of guards in the cell block if they were not turned loose from the cage into the yard of the prison. Charge Warden With Cruelty. [ Attorney General Gilbert Gettman left the penitentiary hastily this afternoon to confer with Gov. Cooper on a proposal to tempor arily suspend Preston Thomas as warden. The action was taken when several thousand prisoners announced. 1 they would revolt against Thomas’ rule. They charged the warden i with “cruelty” and held him responsible in part for the 318 fatalities in the prison fire disaster. y Learning of the proposal to suspend him, Warden Thomas said, e “This is a giving away on the part of regularly constituted govem e ment to the red shirt gang. This is not the demand of the prisoners, but of a 10 per cent element.” Gov. Cooper said no action would be taken on the suspension ~ proposal until he looked into it fully. k. Clergymen Argue With Convieta. a Two clergymen, well known to the prisoners, went into the idle e house when the bedlam raged this morning. They were Rev. n Goswin Menge of Cincinnati, a Catholic priest, and Rev. T. A. Reed of d Columbus, former prison chaplain. Some of the prisoners quieted as d they entered and immediately the ministers started to talk to them, stressing the horrors of a prison riot and appealing to them to go to their cells and quiet down. Former Chaplain Reed soon came out and announced the con " victs had made three demands: n First—That John Richardson, convicted murderer scheduled to q die tomorrow night, be given a life term Instead, v Second—lmmediate removal of the board of clemency. Third—An unlimited and immediate supply of tobacco. 0 Claim Mercy Pleas Ignored. Reed said the prisoners demanded the removal of the board because, they said, recommendations of trial judges, prosecutors and * other officials on paroles, were ignored by the board. £ He said their demand as to Richardson was based on their claim t that “enough men have been burned in here this week to satisfy us o for a long time.” n Richardson was given a 30-day respite by Gov. Cooper shortly e after the convicts made their demand. His action, however, was not taken to satisfy their demand, it was said. [1 r Probe of Fire Is Besomed. x As the spirit of unrest continued f within the stockade, Gov. Cooper’s com “ mittee resumed its investigation of the L fatal fire. At the morgue, in Ohio State '» Fair Grounds, scores of bodies of vtc- l > tims were being claimed by relatives and plans were announced to. bury the un claimed identified dead tomorrow. e Trouble is brewing among the prison -1 ers at Ohio Penitentiary, and the only ’ way to prevent it is to remove Warden ■ Thomas, the investigating board was 1 told by Albert Farr, a prisoner. Y Me said that an organized appeal went out to all convicts this morning, not to do any work until the warden 1 is replaced. The prisoners have agreed, * however, to maintain order as nearly r as possible and to conduct their cam ' paign against the warden without riot * tag, he testified. * Farr declared that conditions within ® the prison have been almost intolerable ’ for several years. He said that while " there is a mutual dislike for Thomas i all of the prisoners hold Deputy War ’ den J. C. Woodard in high esteem. [ Lays Murder to Guard. The prisoner listed instances of bru tality, responsibility for which he placed on the prison head. “I once saw a colored convict mur dered by a guard in the prison yard. * The officer claimed he shot in self defense, but the prisoner was running toward the deputies’ office when he was ;. shot. Nothing ever was done with the r guard. e “For the slightest infractions of prison e rules the men are thrown into ice baths, held in solitary confinement and sub home the principles laid down to the men. After that if the men are still discourteous or tactless the commanding officers. Including himself, shall share the blame. Since he became a Police Commis sioner, he said, he had been on the lookout for some standards of conduct or some code by which the policemen should be guided, but he has found nothing but general warnings that they be courteous. Such warnings are not enough, he believes. There must be some set of principles which can be re duced to writing which would be of con crete assistance to the policemen in the smooth handling of their contacts with the citizenry. Thus far, Gen. Crosby stated, only one principle has occurred to him for in clusion in this list. That principle is that a policeman should never violate one law as a means of enforcing an other. Gen. Crosby is now on the look out for other principles for addition to his code. TWO CENTS. jected to other forms of brutal punish ment. 1 Col. R. S. Haubrich, commanding of ■ flcler of the Ohio National Guard, who ! was inside the prison for an hour, re ! ported to Warden Thomas that the ; prisoners were organized and had their i leaders. Before the disorder began, some of the soldiers at the penitentiary were ' demobilized. When the prisoners be r came unruly, however, a hurry call was ! sent out for headquarters company of 1 the 166th Infantry, Ohio National . Guard, which arrived in double quick J time. •; A majority of the convicts in the prison yard quieted down shortly after ; noon. An old 42d Division Army man was at the head of those in the yard. He said a majority of the prisoners there would not make trouble, Col. Hubrich reported. , Deputy Warden J. C. Woodward, well ; liked by the convicts, finally went into ! the idle house and quieted the men to I some extent. He told them they were foolish if they tried a revolt. As soon as he left, the talking was resumed by the prisoners, but in quieter tone. In the E and F blocks, to the left of j (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) JOHNSON DEMANDS j NAVAL PACT STUDY | California Senator Baiies Six Points on London Arms * Treaty. , By the Associated Press. , Careful examination of the London naval treaty was demanded today by Senator Johnson of California, ranking . Republican on the foreign relations ’ committee and one of the key men in the approaching Senate debate. Withholding judgment on the pact. Senator Johnson outlined six points on which he said he would ask that the agreement square before he approves it. He indicated he would wait to listen to the proposed hearings on the pact. “I am studying the treaty,” he said today, “and am having it studied to as certain whether: "First, under it our Navy is adequate . for our national defense and the pro tection of our commerce. “Second, whether under It there Is a limitation among the nations party to ; it of navy building. “Third, whether there is a reduction in our naval armament and that of other nations. “Fourth, whether there Is any real economy or saving to our people un der it. “Fifth, whether, as promised, our Navy is granted parity with that of , Great Britain. “Sixth, whether the treaty makes our future contingent wholly upon another nation’s action, and, if so, whether this makes for our future tranquillity and security or the meat.