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(THE EVENING STAR With Sunday Morning F.dttfen. , WASHINGTON, D. C. TRIDAY April 85, 1930 THEODORS W. NOTES... .Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company Biulnug Otffct: 11th Bt. end P#nnsylv*nt* Are. New York Office: 110 East 43nd St. Chicago Office: Lake Michigan Building. European Office: 14 Regent St.. London. England. Rate by Carrier Within the City. The Evening Star ,45c ter month The Evening end Sunder Star _ (when 4 Sunder*) ...00c per month The Evening and Sundar Star (when 5 Sunday*) #sc per month The Sunday Star ...Of. per copy Collection mad* at the end of each month. Order* mar be tent In hr mall or telephone National 6000. Rate by Mall—Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. pally and Sunday... .1 rr., *lO 00: 1 mo.. Me Daily only } yr.. |6-22 : } mO - only 1 yr.. *4.00: 1 mo.. 40c Ad Other State* and Canada. Member of tho Associated Free*. The Atsocleted Pree* i* excluelyely entitled to the use for republlcetlon of ell news dis patches credited to It or not otherwise cred ited In this paper and algo the local nawa published herein. All rights of publication of special dlspetchaa herein are alao regarvad. Widows a« Candidate!. The candldscy of Mrs. Robert Quincy Leo for the seat in the House Just made vacant by the death of her husband, the late Representative Lee, in the seven teenth congressional district of Texas, arouses interest In Washington for a number of reasons. She is opposing former Representative Thomas L. Blan ton, who tossed his hat in the ring several days ago. Mr. Blanton during his stay in the House was tho center of numerous fracases, many of them verbal and some of them fistic. He did not hesitate to attack organized labor on occasion. And as for the District Gov ernment, it was almost constantly ex periencing the criticism of Mr. Blanton. Mrs. Lee’s candidacy is another link In the chain which has brought the widows of former members of the House Into Congress. Os the eight woman members of the House today, three are serving in places made vacant by (he deaths of their husbands, and one is holding a seat formerly occupied by her husband. Mrs. Kahn of California, Mrs. Rogers of Massachusetts, and Mrs. Oldfield of Oklahoma were all nomi nated after their husbands had died. Mrs. Langley of Kentucky was sent to the House by her husband’s constituents after he had run afoul of the prohibi tion laws. Mrs. Ruth Hanna McCormick, now a Republican nominee for the Senate, Is the widow of a former Sena tor. The three remaining woman mem bers of the House, the ladies from Flor ida, New York and New Jersey, never had husbands who served in the House. Mrs. Norton of New Jersey has a hus- 1 band, a manufacturer, who has been 1 content to allow his wife to look after the political end for the family while he attended to business. Mrs. Owen and Mrs. Pratt are widows. There is good reason to believe that widows of members of Congress are well qualified to step into their husbands’ places in the National Legislature. Those now in the House have been re elected several times. They have shown an aptitude not only for politics but for legislation and for the service of their constituents. It would be folly to argue that the widows of all members of Congress are qualified to hold office In place of their husbands. But those who have come to the House have made excellent records. If the reports of Mrs. Lee be true, she, too, Is qualified to take her husband’s seat in the House. Undoubtedly sympathy .plays a part in the election of widows to Congress when they are candidates tor election Immediately following the deaths of their member husbands. It should nqt. But in the human equation sympathy must be reckoned with. These woman members of Congress, however, who formerly had husbands in the House, are standing on their own feet. They are the choice of their constituents. They have made good. Mr. Blanton retired from the House to seek nomination and election to the Senate in 1938. Senator Connally of Texas was the winner in that contest. The late Representative Lee was nomi nated for the Home in place of Mr. Blanton and elected. In the past Mr. Blanton apparently has held the dis trict in the hollow of his hand. The Question now is whether, having once relinquished the right to represent the district in the House in his effort to reach the Senate, he may have lost his grip. In the meantime, it may not be amiss to recall to Mr. Blanton that “a little widow is a dangerous thing.” No prisoner, whatever his offense, Is bad enough to deserve the fate that overtook some of the unfortunates in the Ohio Penitentiary. Disintegrating Doo-dads. A abort time ago it was proposed that the viaduct across Rock Creek at Con necticut avenue should be named the Taft Memorial Bridge in honor of the lately deceased former President and Chief Justice. This name, it was urged, would be much more dignified and suit able than “Million Dollar Bridge,” the title by which the structure has been popularly known since Its construction. Thus far nothing has come of that sug gestion. But meanwhile those who use the bridge daily are more and more disposed to resent the ‘‘million-dollar’’ title in view of the shabby appearance of the bridge’s most distinguishing fea tures. Whatever the bridge may have cost In the beginning, It certainly now looks much cheaper. The four lions that surmount the corner posts are in a sorry state of disintegration. There are two schools of thought on the subject of their composition. One is that they are of very poor concrete or cement and the other that they are of even poorer natural stone. If they were stuffed lions, with natural pelts, they would be worse than moth-eaten, for the disintegration goes beyond the cuticle Into the struc ture. It Is safe to predict that within a dozen years, lacking repairs such as those that are being made to one of the buffaloes on the Q Street Bridge, they will be completely tailless, possibly headless. TO keep the bridge up to its million dollar reputation these effigies of the king of beasts should be of bronze, or at least of some hard weather-resisting stone. Other bridges have bronze crea tures, such as the buffaloes on the Q *. Street Bridge, already mentioned, and V ' Rte tigers on Yet this, the noblest of all the Capital’s viaducts, so imposing as to be given America's most boastful and flattering title, must carry on with shoddy, , weather-beaten, pitiful presentments of the noblest of animals. These lions may be what Mr. Sim mons of the House committee on ap propriations would call “doo-dads.” But they are there, and if doo-dads at all they ought to be decent doo-dads or else removed entirely. If the District is to have ornamented public structures they should not be cheap Imitations. Labor's Future in Britain. Now that the Macdonald govern ment has achieved semi-success at the London Naval Conference, Labor's polit ical future will become a matter of in creasing interest in Great Britain. While Mr. Macdonald was engaged In the delicate and protracted negotia tions which have eventuated in the five-power treaty, his foes in Parliament declared a truce. Mr. Baldwin for the Conservatives and Mr. Lloyd George for the Liberals pledged that there would be no attack on the government. They expressed, and carried out, the laudable purpose of offering no embarrassment to the Macdonald cabinet’s efforts to compose, in particular, Anglo-American naval differences. The truce is now obviously at an end, Its object achieved. The day of reckoning with Labor, from the stand point of opposition conservatism and liberalism, is correspondingly at hand. Just when either Mr. Baldwin or Mr. Lloyd George will conceive the moment to be ripe for provoking a general elec tion is as yet their own secret. Labor does not shrink from another trial of strength. On the contrary it contem plates it with equanimity, strongly sea soned with confidence. When intro ducing the Labor cabinet’s budget the other day. Chancellor of the Exchequer Snowden boldly envisaged a four-year tenure of office for the present govern ment. Many Britishers think that Mr. Snowden himself Is destined, sooner or later, to displace Mr. Macdonald as prime minister. There to "no love lost between them. In the realm of foreign affairs Labor could go to the country today with no mean record to its credit. Last Fall Mr. Snowden accomplished in a few brief weeks at The Hague a greater stroke for British international prestige than any ministry at Downing street since the war. Alongside that feather in John Bull’s cap now to pinned the re sult of the London Conference, univer sally hailed as another triumph for British statesmanship. It is not fully grasped abroad that while Britannia surrenders the trident of naval suprem acy, held by her for 400 years, she has by the same token guaranteed herself against the danger of being outbuilt by a rival immeasurably more capable than herself of financing sea power, namely, this opulent land of ours. Many a British election has been won and lost on a foreign issue. The Con servatives went out and Labor came In, in 1924, on account of popular objec tions to warlike British policy in the Near East. Labor itself was driven from office a few monthe later by revelations in connection with Soviet Russia. In 1929 the Baldwin government was de feated largely because of the country’s smoldering dissatisfaction with Anglo- American relations in the wake of the Geneva Naval Conference fiasco of 1927. Now that relations with the United States have been stabilized under Labor auspices, it may well be in the cards that Mr. Macdonald could ask the na tion for a vote of confidence and be reinstated in power under majority con ditions instead of the ignoble position Labor now occupies in the House of Commons. A Larger City Post Office. When the . spacious and impressive City Post Office was occupied in 1914 those who had designed the building and the proud occupants thereof fondly believed that the floor space provided would be ample to take care of all the increase in the malls for the next half century. That wss only sixteen years ago, but a great deal can happen in sixteen years. A World War, for in stance, has been fought and the anni versary of its ending celebrated eleven times. The map of the world has changed and by speaking into a micro phone a man can Inspire a million Americans to sit down immediately and write a letter. The revenue from the malls through the City Poet Office has in creased by 100 per cent. The volume of mail has more than doubled and 756 more employes are necessary now than in 191 S. The City Post Office needs more space. Since 1916 the postmasters have been calling for it, for the demand was felt two years after the building was com pleted. The bill introduced on Friday for extensions to the Post Offioe has been urged for some years. The report accompanying the bill to an argument that cannot be answered. The bill would provide $4,000,000 for additions to the City Post Office, har monizing architecturally with the pres ent building and providing needed floor! space for its activities. It is Interesting to note that the present building cost only 13,500,000 and that the enlarge ment planned will therefore be more expensive than the first cost of the structure. While the public buildings legislation for other cities has provided post offices, no legislation has hereto fore been introduced to remedy the con ditions in the Washington Post Office. Chinese police forbid checker play ing in Peiping. Checkers is a very innocent and harmless game, involving no great expense. No doubt cynical minded Orientals will assume that those rich enough to own mah-jong seta will not be interfered with. Price or Fear? Is it fear or expense that keeps the general public from using airplanes more extensively? This question had long been pondered by the proprietor of a New Jersey airport and recently he determined to find the answer. Ac cordingly, he announced that all planes from hta field on a certain day would take up passengers for one dollar and then he sat back to await results. And they were not long in coming. At nine o’clock in the morning when the first i plane was wheeled out of its hangar a 1 thousand persons were already In line ; and at the end of the day with twelve planes and pilots in operation without I intermission more than five thousand 1 men, women -and children had been . taken aloft, thus creating a new record THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 1930. of activity for a tingle flying field lnj the course of a tingle day. All of which would seem to prove the proprietor’s theory that it is expense and not fear that keeps the public on the ground In the early days of flying a short hop in most localities cost fif teen dollars. Naturally, this price did not attract many customers to the then infant art. Some years later the price generally was a dollar a minute, but the public found even this figure too high. In the present day, hops can be bought at three or five dollars, depending on the location of the field and the time aloft, while a plane may be rented with out pilot by the hour from fifteen dol lars up to fifty, and if the customer does not wish to fly it himself a transport pilot can be procured in some localities for as low as five dollars an hour to give instruction. While these prices are not exorbitant, they are still high enough to keep many people out of the air and they must come still lower for general public pa tronage. Especially high even in this day of flying are the rates for long trips, the cost for these in big transport planes being something more than twenty dollars an hour. The average person, aside from the time saved by flying, is likely to think twice before buying transportation for twenty dollars an hour when It can be procured on fast trains for about one-tenth of this figure. There are probably few persons who are actually afraid to fly. There are many, even those who have flown ex tensively, who do not care for flying and will use air transportation only when the amount of time saved to com mensurate with the possible discomfort of bumpy conditions in the upper strata. Many a person has made his first air trip a long one, only to find that his system cannot adapt itself to this mode of travel. This is not fear. It to just plain air-sickness. Regardless of prioe, however, flying will continue to grow in popularity and this fact alone may result In prices be ing substantially reduced. At the two fields just across Highway Bridge on Easter Sunday new records were estab lished for passenger-carrying, nearly fourteen hundred people being given short hops over the city, and the price at these two fields was more than the dollar charged by the enterprising New Jersey airport proprietor. If Washing ton can muster more than a thousand people in a single day It to not sur prising that a lower rate with more population to draw from should attract five thousand. It would seem quite apparent, however, that the case of price versus fear has been proved and that as rates come down people will go up. The world breathed easier on learning that the giant ship Bremen escaped without harm from a collision. There should be no room in maritime annals for two disasters 'like that which years ago overtook the Titanic. The Graf Zeppelin has postponed the flight to Bouth America. The diri gible to slow in starting and hard to land, but while actually on the way makes such wonderful time as to be worth the trouble. A Chicago banker has declared he would rather pay more for the same work to a man who plays golf. This advances golf a step still higher In rating as a duty even more than as a pleasure. A homicide mystery sometimes de velops shocking details that sadden even the veteran policeman, who is sup posed to know all about the worst in human nature. For once Mussolini was reduced to second place In popular attention. The father of the bride can never hope to compare in importance with the bride herself. Notice of neer for economy is oc casionally necessary to prevent the crowd from becoming too dense around the pie counter. SHOOTING STABS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Petition to the Queen. Queen of the May, we wait for you, Your loving subjects ever true. And still your path we seek to strew With violets each day To show the homage that to due, Queen of the May. A scepter over us you hold— A sunbeam bright as burnished gold. And yet your mood, alas, to cold And far away! You are not gentle as of old, Queen of the May. And still we hope that we shall find Your wish all generous and kind; Unto no haughty chill inclined, We humbly stay, And plead to your majestic mind, Queen of the May. Wastefulness. "What to the most conspicuous waste of money that has recently come under your notice?” , <<The expense,” answered Senator Sorghum, "that some rich but credulous concerns go to in hiring people who claim to be influential lobbyists.” Jud Tunklns says imported goods appear to have all the luck. We saved the Japanese cherry flowers, but our own apple blossoms are having a hard struggle. Arguments. Some arguments I must deplore. Their meaning still I guess. And as I hear them more said more, I understand them less. Princes No Longer Prized. "Do titles of royalty appeal to your fancy?” "Not greatly.” answered Miss Cayenne, “My girlish imagination would not i harbor a thought of adoring anybody of lower rank than that of dictator.” "If all men dwelt in perfect agree ment,” said Hi Ho, the sage of China town, “there would be no need of ex changing thoughts and we would be 1 left in dull silence.” Loss of Human Interchange. I do not like my dial phone. I'm sure that I was happier when , A girl, with temper of her own, Would give me back-talk now and then. “A policeman to a powerful an’ lzn- I portant gemman,” said Uncle Eben, i “but I’s always most flatteiqlwhen he I ain’ tootin’ no Mtloe of mm,W 1 THIS AND THAT BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. A garden of “dont’s” sometimes re sults in more satisfaction and beauty than one built on the finest determina tions and affirmations in the world. It is probably of more importance to remember not to do certain things in the garden than to plant wisely and well according to all the books In existence. Gardening is a practical thing, after all, an occupation in which the best re sults are secured by men well ac quainted with manual labor, who are not afraid of their plants, as so many amateurs are, and who possess a nice feel for graying things. Such people “have away with plants,” just as some of them have a way with dogs. In most such cases it will be found that the things they do not do are quite as important as what they do. ** * * Negations have a place In the garden, no matter how much they are frowned an in the art of salesmanship. No doubt it is wrong for one who is trying to sell something to make the following suggestion: “You don’t want anything today, do you?” An amateur can see the error in that sentence; the prospect immediately an swers, “No, I don’t,” and that ends that. In the garden, however, the psychol ogy to good when an experienced worker says to an inexperienced one: “Don’t plant gladioli in rose beds.” Such plantings look feasible, but they are not. Gladioli grow straight up, bearing their flowers on a perpendicular flower spike—one might think that such habit of growth would go nicely in widely planted rose beds, adding color when the bushes are not in bloom. Experience teaches that bulbs planted near roses will not do a third as well as sister bulbs placed in beds of their own, and that the rosebushes them selves will be harmed by the proximity of the gladioli By forced feeding of both roses and gladioli some approach may be made to success. One often reads articles in garden magazines, advising homeowners to try out this plan, but most of them are written by theorists, who have not personally tried out their own ideas. They have been misled by the sky scraper habits of the" gladiolus Into thinking that it would fit In very well in rose beds. And so it would—if it would do well. But the chances are that it will not thrive with the atten tion given such plots by the average amateur. Such merry garden writers are misled, too, we believe, by the success which may be attained by planting the tulip and narcissus beneath evergreens or shrubs, notably the lilac. But the tulip, for instance, already has Its flower in perfect formation be fore the bulb is put into the ground. It does not require much fertility to do well. , The gladiolus demands rather a good degree of fertility, which it cannot secure in a rose bed. ** * * “Don’t water the grass” is another garden "don’t” which may be made' with confidence. All too many lawns are made tender and in need of constant reseeding by the pernicious habit of “sprinkling” the grass several times a week. Now, grass to well able to take care of Itself In most seasons, except In terribly long hot spells in Midsummer. Then the judicious use of the hose to a life-saver for grass. At all other times a careful avoid ance of its use will do more for the | WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. ■ President Hoover’s current experiences with Supreme Court appointments must flit him with a realization of what Woodrow Wilson went through 14 years ago. Pew confirmation contests in American history have rivaled in in tensity the fight which the Senate waged against the nomination of Jus tice Brandeis in 1916. President Wil son appointed him in January, but it was the succeeding June —five months later—before he was permitted to as sume office. Among the leaders in the struggle to have Brandeis rejected were William Howard Taft and Ellhu Boot. The times are changing, and we with them. Brandeis was fought because he was "a reactionary radical.” Parker of North Carolina is now opposed be cause he is "a reactionary conservative.” President Green of the American Fed eration of Labor has just cleared up a widespread misapprehension about Brandeis and Parker. The North Caro linian’s supporters have been claiming that his "yellow dog” decision, which has invited the enmity of organized labor, was in line with a Supreme Court decision in which Brandeis, the bench’s great liberal, concurred. Green de clares that, far from concurring, Holmes and Brandeis, the dissenting twain, formed, as they so often do, the opposing minority. ** * * One of Washington’s witty Demo cratic women, who confesses she burns no incense at the Hoover throne, thinks the London naval treaty should be called "Reductio ad absurdum,” which is defined by Mr. Webster as "the re ducing of a supposition or hypothesis to an absurdity." ** * * “California, Here I Come,” will after all continue to be a popular song with Filipinos, now that the Senate has smashed the Shortridge amendment to the impending new Western Hemisphere immigration laws. The California dele gation in Congress moved heaven and earth to bring about the exclusion of Filipinos along with the proposed em bargo on Central and South Americans. A simultaneous effort to ban Canadians and Newfoundlanders also fell by the wayside. The olaint of Senator Short ridge and ne.ghboring statesmen that immigration from the Philippines is gravely aggravating unemployment con ditions on the Pacific Coast failed to outweigh the argument that as long as the islands are under the American flag the little brown brother cannot logically be barred from the United States. So ends California’s attempt to include the Filipinos among the Orientals we ex clude. ** * * Appointment of an Ambassador to Mexico, to succeed Dwight W. Morrow, is imminent. The Jersey Senator-desig nate and London Naval Conference delegate may make a flying trip to Mexico City (flying is in his family’s line nowadays) to take formal leave of President Ortiz Rubio. But his politi cal fences in New Jersey are in such sore need of Immediate attention that Morrow cannot afford to waste much time In or on Mexico. J. Reuben Clark of Utah, former Undersecretary of State and an early associate of Mr. Morrow’s in Mexico City, is now re garded President Hoover’s likeliest choice for the ambassadorship. Mr. Clark is a Mormon. ** * * N. H. Aylesworth. president of the National Broadcasting Co., sprang a good one at the recent Washington meeting of the Society of American Newspaper Editors. "The other day,’’ he said, "my wife told me that N. B. C. programs were getting worse and worse from week to week. I pleaded, ‘Dar ling, if you keep on telling me that, you’ll drive me crazy.’ Thereupon my better half rejoined: “Oh, that won’t be a drive. It’ll just be a putt’.” ** * * There’s going to be considerable con gressional exodus to Europe during the approaching long recess, the campaign to the contrary notwithstanding. Sen ators Wheeler of Montana and Wagner of New York both contemplate trans atlantic trips. Wheeler means to have a look at the League of Nations, and Wagner wants to include Russia in hie lawn than any amount of pawing over it whatsoever. ** * * “Don’t fail to fertilize the roses.” It is amazing what a difference this little “don't” would make in a thousand rase beds if enterprising amateurs would take it to heart. They have read that advice, time and time again, but they don’t know what fertilizer to use, and it costs money to buy it, and it to a great deal of bother, after all. The result of their negligence in re gard to this double-negative “don’t” is that they get half as many blossoms as they would otherwise get, and those that bloom are not half as large or half as pretty as they might have been. Fertilize your rose beds, if you pre fer the affirmative way of putting it, or “don’t fail to fertilize them,” either way. The result Is the same in either case. ** * * “Don’t leave seedlings too close to gether.” Nothing worries the young gardener quite as much as the disagreeable ne cessity of thinning out newly grown plants from seed. They look so husky, so green, it seems a shame to disturb them. But disturbed they mqst be, if one to to get satisfaction out of them in the future. Amateur gardeners must learn this lesson, that all plants will grow, and that in the Spring one must be able to see them as they will be In the middle of August. The same applies to the planting of shrubs, such ns lilacs and altheas, and individual specimens of the sturdy privet. Give them plenty of room in which to expand or you will be sorry. ** * * “Don’t expect plants that demand sun to do well in the shade.” Sun-loving plants—and most of them fall into that classification—will grow and bloom in the shade,, in many in stances, but, the chances are 10 to 1 that they will grow only half as high, produce smaller and less colorful flow ers, and will be greatly subject to plant lice and other Insect pests. “Don’t let aphids (plant lice) eat up your leaves.” These little green creatures. Interest ing though they are as biological speci mens, are unwanted in the garden, which they Infest from now on. They are so milky-green that the newcomer to the garden Is likely to overlook them, especially on the under sides of leaves. Even if he sprays them with nicotine solution, as he should, he will And him self combating applied intelligence, for the plant lice simply run around to the undersides of the leaves and there sit safe beneath Nature's green umbrellas. The only solution is to spray the un dersides of the leaves, too. ** * * “Don’t let grass grow Into flower beds.” It Is surprising how many untidy, uneven grass lines one sees in a day. Os course grass Qlipping by hand to boresome, but It to necessary, especially in the small garden, where everything is directly under the eye. Keeping the grass well mowed and all edges trimmed, especially around flower beds, will do more than any one pro cedure to make the home and its grounds attractive In warm weather. There are many other similar "don’ts” which one can think up for himself, taking care to put them in the nega tive or “don’t” form, as this rather "pep” them up for garden use. i itinerary. Senators Robinson of Arkan sas and Bingham of Connecticut plan to go to Samoa, along with Representatives Kiess of Pennsylvania and Williams of Texas, on an official visit authorised by the President a year ago. ** * * The open season for political booms now Includes honorable mention of Rep resentative Hamilton Fish, jr.. Republi can, of New York, for the Empire State governorship this year. He has Just been trotted out by Johi. J. Curry, an active organization leader in New York City, who seems to specialize in booms. In 1928 Curry tried to line up New York State for Charles Curtis of Kansas for President. Last year he essayed to put Herman A. Metz across as a fusion nominee for mayor of New York. “The two great issues in the 1930 State cam paign,” says Curry in a letter to Mr. Fish, "will be water power and prohibi tion. I feel you are eminently fitted to lead us out of the wilderness on both these issues, bulwarked, as you are, by your fine records in the New York State Assembly, in the World War and in Congress.” ** * * When the London naval treaty is up for action in the Senate, it now appears that it will be under fire from no fewer than three sides. Hitherto, its only known enemies were the Hale-Britten “big Navy” party and the Llbbyite “little Navy” group. Now comes the Third Internationale of Moscow and as sails the pact as the latest device of capitalism and militarism to enslave the world proletariat. Not being able to accomplish that purpose by sea, Com munism’s political organization has dis covered that the “imperialistic powers” have decided to do it by land. They are reducing naval expenditure, therefore, in order to have more money for armies, which can be used to keep-- the downtrodden people in subjection and misery! (Copyright. 1950.) George Washington Hero Lauded for His Act To the Iditor of The Star: Capitol Heights has developed a hero in the person of young Brainin. the George Washington University student who res cued Miss Dorothy Bums from being grabbed by an assailant on her father’s doorstep in this city last Tuesday. The writer has known this slim young man since he was a boy. but did not suspect that the student, whose taste inclines to music and to science, would risk his life and tackle a brute who might have sliced him into ribbons with a razor such as characters of that stripe usually carry. Brainin’s father is a native of Rus sia, a carpenter, who has made sacrifices in order to educate his children on a slender income, but this eldest son has something in him that outweighs in importance all the school training ever given—a capacity for quick de cision and courageous action, regard less of consequences to his own safety. ■ braving death to save a fellow human being from a fate worse than death. The Brainlns are residents of Capitol Heights, one of Washington’s nearest suburbs, a community upon which It has been customary to bestow few com pliments because of the undesirable character of some of its dwellers. But as a matter of fact, there are plenty of good people there who live and let live, attend to their own business and let others alone. No doubt numbers of young men there possess bravery and other good traits, awaiting only an opportunity to become known. If Capitol Heights is alive to its In terests it will stage a public celebration of the heroic deed of young Brainin and encourage others to follow his example upon occasion. LINDSAY S. PERKINS. He May Overcome It. From the Ithaca Journal-New*. “I am terribly tired of the sound of my own voice,” says Sir Esme Howard, i And if he maintains that attitude he i will be terribly lonely In the congrega i tion of notables. ~ Proposals to Help Solve Speedway Traffic Problem To the Editor of The Star: Your recent editorial on the Halns Point traffic was very timely. After reading it I went down and observed the Speedway’s Easter traffic snarl. While there are many little engineer ing features that need very badly to be adjusted, I think that if two simple things were done the traffic from Hains Point would run 50 per cent more smoothly. Pirst, when traffic starts to running heavy, stop all westbound traffic from passing the Speedway’s exit. Divert this westbound Virginia traffic around that drive by the old bathing beach, a wide, well paved, splendid drive only about 10 steps longer than the drive used. By doing this when traffic is run ning heavy and becoming congested, the westbound Virginia traffic would not have to stop for the Speedway's traffic and the Speedway’s traffic com ing from under the railroad would not have to stop for the westbound Vir ginia traffic. The Virginia westbound traffic would not have to stop or be held up anywhere between Water street and Alexandria. Os course the drive up on the approach to the bridge would be quite mean, but even so traffic could keep moving. As only the eastbound traffic from Virginia would be passing the exit from the Speedway, this traffic could pull over and give more room for the auto mobiles coming out from underneath the railroad into Fourteenth street. The other suggestion is that the left turn from Fourteenth street into the first park drive east of the Outlet Bridge should not be allowed. Those desiring to make that turn when traffic is running heavy should be directed to go on out to Water street, pull over to the right, out of the way of the other cars, and wait for their right of way to be cleared for them. As it is at present there are two or three long lanes of eastbound traffic and two long lanes of westbound Vir ginia traffic, both moving and impa tient, so the driver trying to make a left turn at that point, of course, can’t break through that westbound traffic, but he stands there with hand out waiting, which holds up the east bound lane of traffic all the way back. After this automobile turns to the left and the eastbound and westbound traf fic has begun to move again, then an other driver signals for a left turn, and so he holds up the long lane of eastbound traffic again. By that time Water street traffic stops all of them. So, you see, the eastbound traffic is being held up almost continuously at those two places, although Fourteenth street is open and traffic going east can run on unimpeded after it passes Water street. That left turn Just east of the Outlet Bridge should be stopped when traffic is running heavy. To humor the individual in traffic is seldom to the individual's own good. Whatever moves the mass of traffic speeds on the individual driver. These two simple changes will cause the Speedway and Virginia traffic to move much more smoothly. The prime cause for the congestion on the Speedway and also on Four teenth street is the lack of an* easy approach to the Highway Bridge. It was built for wagons and buggies and has not been adjusted to automobiles running at 30 miles an hour. Since the Speedway is our Riverside drive, where we love to strut our stuff when our cousins come to town, I think it was very appropriate in you to call attention to its proneness to be congested at the very time when we would wish it were at its best. ZACK SPRATT. Discipline Would Have Averted Prison Horror ; i To the editor of The Star: I have read your editorial with re spect to the fire at the penitentiary at Columbus. I have a few Impressions on my mind: If there had been proper dis cipline at that prison such a fire could not have happened in broad daylight. If there had been proper management and discipline the convicts would have been let out of their cells in case of fire. It’s mighty hard to get away from the above facts. The warden is responsible for the discipline at a prison. He is re sponsible for the proper management. The governor of a State appoints the warden and in turn he has responsi bility. He will defend the warden to the limit, as his responsibility for his ap pointment is at stake. I served five years in the Moundsville Penitentiary. At that time every week we had fire drills, and every convict had a post in case of fire and several times fire broke out in the shops and in less than no time it was out. The officials at Columbus cannot get away from the responsibility for this loss of life, and the public should hold them fast in this responsibility. They will twist and turn and figure and deny and be let off, but it will not affect the thinking man or woman. E. E. DUDDINO. Farmers Are Advised To Help Effect Relief From the Jackson Citizen Patriot. Chairman Legge of the Federal Farm Board continues valiantly in his cam paign to help the farmers help them selves. He is insistent in his plea to farmers to reduce their wheat acreage in order that they may feel the full benefits of the protective tariff. If the domestic market is glutted, it is obvious that the effect of the barrier against imports will not be perceptible. Mr. Legge makes the exceedingly clear argument that if the farmer sees the probability of receiving more for four bushels of wheat than he is now getting for five there is no purpose in raising the extra bushel. The results from over production obviously will be lower prices and a further exhaustion of the soil and expenditure of labor to no avail. The idea behind the creation of the Federal Farm Board was to encourage the agricultural industry in the working out of its own salvation. The danger of coddling through granting subsidies to certain industries is easily recognised. If the farmers will co-operate it seems that the Farm Board plan should prove eventually successful. Washington's Work for Washington People To the Editor of The Star: We read with regret of the established "bread line” in Washington and also note regretfully that two District Gov ernment buildings are to go to outside contractors regardless of the fact that the District Commissioners “have the power to reject any or all bids.” We should think this power should be ex ercised at this time inasmuch as it would help to relieve the situation of unemployment. There are, in Washington, contractors second to none as far as experience, ability and financial responsibility are concerned. To prove this fact look over the various buildings that have been completed In the past years. Why do not the Commissioners set the example? Give Washington's work to Washington people. H. PHILLIPS. Agree§ in Regard to “Adequate Lighting" To the Editor of The Star: I read a letter in The Star a few days ago on "Adequate Lighting,” writ ten by a Mr. John V. Purasell. with which I was greatly impressed. I think the same about the lighting system as he does. It really needs to be ad justed in some way. I am glad to agree with all he has said about “Adequate Ughttag." MARTHA A. BROOKS. | ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN. Have we had the pleasure of serving you through our Washington Informa tion Bureau? Can't we be of some help to you In your problems? Our business Is to furnish you with authoritative In formation, and we Invite you to ask us any question of fact In which you are Interested. Send your inquiry to The Evening Star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washing ton D. C. Inclose 2 cents in coin or stamps for return postage. Q. How many cameramen are there In Hollywood?—L. C. A. The American Cinematographer says there are close to one thousand cameramen of varying classification In Hollywood. Q. How long have crosses been used to mark Christian graves?—H. S. R. A. Among the very earliest Christian graves which have been discovered the cross was used as a symbol. Q. Is there a railroad running out of Chicago which advances on the left instead of the right, where there Is a double track?—R. L. C. A. The Chicago Union Station says that the only railroad In Chicago that advances on the left is the Chicago and Northwestern Railway and It oper ates In and out of its own passenger terminal at Canal and Madison streets. Q. Who discovered the new planet? —J. W. Z. A. The ninth planet or planet X, as It is at present known, had long been predicted mathematically by the late Dr. Percival Lowell. The planet was first observed on January 21 of this year by Clyde Tombaugh, a pho tographer of the Lowell Observatory, at Flagstaff. Aria., and later Identified by Drs. Slipher and Lampland as the long-sought trans-Neptunian body, com puted to be some 4,000,000,000 miles from the earth. Q. When was the roulette wheel introduced?—M. C. A. The exact origin of the roulette wheel seems to be obscure. The game is said to have first appeared In France, becoming very popular, at the period of the First Consulate. In England it was known as Roly Poly. As early as 1745, legislation was passed against It. Q. What is the longest tunnel in South America?—T. L. A. The Uspalatta Tunnel, not quite two miles long, between Los Andes and Mendoza, is now the longest. The Raioes Tunnel now under construction will be about three miles in length. They are both railroad tunnels in the Andes. Q. Where is Palmyra Island?—S. A. T. A. Although far to the south of the Hawaiian Islands, it belongs to that group. It is six miles long and one and one-half miles wide. Q. Please tell something of the methods used at Henry Ford’s school at Sudbury, Mass.—H. S. D. A. Thirty-one boys from 12 to 17 years of age live a simple community life in the old-fashioned residence at Sudbury, Mass., where Mr. Ford is try ing out new theories in education. The boys are taught how to care for them selves, their home and their clothes. They are taught not only how to earn but how to spend money. The meals are prepared and served by students and the entire domestic routine is man aged under the supervision of but one resident master. To do this the boys are divided into squads of five members, each under a leader appointed by the master. The school day begins with setting-up exercises, followed by a hygiene lecture and then breakfast. Household chores follow in order, then British Financial Burdens Seen as Force in Politics Problems of the Macdonald govern ment in Great Britain are impressed upon Americans as they study the new budget prepared by Sir Philip Snowden, chancellor of the exchequer. Heavier taxation, unemployment, war debts and a continuing deficit, have been faced by the people of that country and the courageous attitude in meeting the situation is discussed on this side of the water. There is a dif ference of opinion as to the wisdom of placing the weight of taxation on those who have large resources. Under the new taxation, it is pointed out by the Boston Transcript, is "an Increase on incomes of more than $9,000 a year, upon death duties or in heritance taxes, upon beer, and in the supertax. The intention, ’’ continues the Transcript, "is to go easy upon the workingmen, but they, too, will have to pay their share of it in the taxes on beer, on tobacco and on tea. All very well for a Labor government; but as every added burden upon the capital ists—even the smallest of them —and consequently upon practically all em ployers, renders it Increasingly difficult for British industry to get out of the condition of prostration that has fallen upon it, the new burden is likely to add to unemployment, and thereby toln crease the sufferings of the poor. Thus the new budget becomes but another step in the vicious circle of national embarrassment.” * ** * * That Americans are amaaed by “the equanimity with which the British ac cept a boost in the income tax that already takes several hundred dollars from an Income of $5,000,” is the comment of, the Cleveland Plain Dealer, with the further suggestion as to political effect that "the chief result of the rallying of the Liberals to the Laborite financial policy probably means the next election in Britain will be fought on a tariff issue.” “Such taxation, considering the diffi culties of British industry and the state of unemployment,” declares the Ot tawa. Canada, Journal, “is all but stag gering. It is by long odds the heaviest taxation in the world. This, however, is the British way. Britain is the one nation that is paying her debts; pay ing without a whimper.” The Journal also refers to the fact that England is "meeting bills for unemployment and other social services that would para lyze the ordinary state.” a* * * American newspapers disagree as to whether the term “socialistic* should be applied to the Snowden measures. “Mr. Snowden’s budget discloses two major elements," as analyzed by the Kansas City Star. “As a result of the prolonged economic depression, con tinues that paper, “the governments revenues have been gradually declining. At the same time its expenditures have been growing, in part, at least, because of the ever-increasing cost of socialistic legislation. * * * His proposals involve an increase in various taxes, but in good socialistic lashion the burden seems to have been placed almost wholly upon the rich.” .. .. Against this contention appeals the judgment of the Louisville Courier- Journal that the budget "is thoroughly orthodox” and "embodies no socialistic theories.” That paper adds in expla nation: “It seeks no new sources of revenue. It confines itself to traditional British procedure and does not go astray into doctrinaire fields. Though the Tory press is clamoring that it is solely aimed at the rich, it la the farthest thing from a capital levy, and it distributes the burden so that those most able to stand it are apportioned the predominant share.” ** * * The Chicago Dally News also states that while “Mr. Snowden* is a theo retical Socialist, his financial views are rather conservative,” and that "he is opposed to inflation, to fiat money, to confiscation of capital as a means of reform”; that “he believes in economy and retrenchment.” The Daily News Kints to the possibility that “the ,bor government may suffer ship wreck on the itrti of nnemplcjnsnsy* morning assembly, and then school day proper starts at 8:30. By rotating les sons and employment every boy becomes familiar with some trade while studying at his own speed. Q. What was a mule chest?—O. H. A. It was a chest standing on a base and having three or four drawers. This seventeenth century piece of furniture was about halfway between a chest and a chest of drawers. Q. When did Tennyson become poet laureate of England?—L. P. M. A. Tennyson was appointed poet laureate upon the death of Wordsworth in 1850. Q. Are there flesh-eating ants in Africa?—N. H. - A. The safari ant belongs to the sub family Doryllnae, of which the genus Dorylus, with several subgenera, fre quents nearly all parts of Africa. These ants usually make only temporary nests but spend most of their time wandering in long files. The size varies from quite minute forms to over one-half inch In length. The mandibles are very stroag and the ant also has a powerful sting and a swarm Is able to kill animals or birds that it may come upon. These ants sometimes enter houses in search of vermin and on these occasions the people leave till the ants are through. The same general type of ant occurs In almost all the tropical countries, except on islands. The female is without wings, which makes its distribution to Islands impossible. Q. Can a dust bag be made for a vacuum cleaner without the use of chemicals?—E. H. A. The Bureau of Standards sayz it is possible. The material is usually made from a warp heavily sized before weaving and in the weaving operation a very close, tight fabric is constructed, making the interstices between the threads very small to prevent the escape of dust from the bag. Chemicals may be used to shrink the fabric and make the interstices smaller. Q. When it is noon in New York City what time is it in Buenos Aires?—Q. D A. It is 1 p.m. Q When do the Gold Star Mother*’ pilgrimages to France sail?—N. 8. M. A. Beginning May 7 of this year, the pilgrimage* for Gold Star Mothers will leave each week until the latterfjart of August. Q. To how many countries is grape fruit exported from the United States? —B. N. A. The Citrus Industry says that grapefruit was exported to 60 countries last year. England, Germany and Can ada were the best customers, but among the other buyers were Brazil, Bolivia, Ceylon, Japan, Nigeria and Liberia. Q. Can a whale dive to the bottom of the ocean?—G. W. Y. A. It would be impossible for a whale to descend to the bottom of the ocean at any considerable depth of water. Al though it cannot be exactly known, it has been estimated that the maximum dive of the whale is approximately 100 fathoms—that is, 600 feet—and at any greater depth than this the pressure of the water would be too great for the safety of the whale. Q. Please tell something of the au thor of “Wild Justice,” George A. Bir mingham.—A. B. A. A. George A. Birmingham is the pen name of the Rev. James Owen Hannay, a canon of St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin. He is now occupying the post of rector of an English parish at Frome. and explains that “the gravity of the unemployment problem in Great Brit ain is responsible in some degree for the moderation of the Snowden budget." “Where else could the burden be placed?” asks the Richmond News Leader, voicing the view, however, that “it seems the hardest injustice to add approximately $200,000,000 a year to the taxes of those who already make the largest contribution to the support of government, while sustaining England’s private charities and cultural activities.** The News Leader concludes that “Snow, den was not playing to Clydeside or to the East End of London, but ms speaking plain truth when he said. *1 have placed burdens on the shouldafl best able to bear them.’ ” “Three-eighths of the fmrr.hmwfr. dollar budget," records the New Y<n Sun, “is pledged to service of the $»» tional debt, a quarter to war and other pensions and to health and unemployv ment insurance. • • * The proposed income tax rates are higher than have been in effect since 1924. Americans who remember the income tax of 1918 will remember rates running up to 65 per cent of the net income. The Snow den rates amount to 22 % cents on the dollar, but according to the chancellor of the exchequer only the minority of taxpayers will feel this burden.” The situation is accepted by the Lynchburg News as evidence that “Great Britain has not recovered from the war, is still struggling to pay the costs." The Asheville Times finds in it an explanation of the cry, “Not a man nor a shilling shall we ever waste again on a continental war.” The Hartford Times comments on the deficit inher ited from the preceding administra tion, stating that “apparently Mr. Snowden does not intend to have the present Labor ministry bear at once the onus of that inherited shortage." “The budget is almost a political document,” thinks the Flint Daily Journal. “On this occasion it attracted more than ordinary attention because of the business depression and finan cial conditions in England which have worked hardships in some quarters. The Labor government, under Ramsay Macdonald, stood a very good chance of meeting defeat had tire budget dis pleased Commons.” Highway Parking Hit As Menace to Life From the Schenectady Gazette. After several years of effort the State has at last secured a law to deal with persons who for one reason or another park their cars along highways. Where these are narrow—-and under modern traffic conditions practically every road may today be called “narrow”—trus parking constitutes a distinct menace. The Goodrich bill, just signed by the governor, prohibits parking on the paved portions of State and country roads, as well as on the improved part of town highways. The penalty is SSO. It is not merely the night parking which is dangerous. Os course, we find along our roads after dark many cars with lights out, and there ls more than a possibility of running into them, with damage to the machines and Injury to human beings. But even in the daytime the person who leaves his car on the paved pop tion of the road is interfering witt» traffic and creating a hazard. It takes up room needed by moving machines and forces them into the middle of the highway or on the other side, increas ing the possibility of collisions. Save in a real emergency, there is no legitimate excuse for parking on the paved portion of a road. Even if a tire must be changed, it ls not difficult to drive to the side on the dirt part or even to go on a short distance » some driveway. Maybe Wearers Wade in Current. Prom the Oakland Tribune. Without knowing what an “electric bathing suit” Is. we are prepared to be '