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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 25, 1930, Image 8

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(THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning F.dttfen.
, WASHINGTON, D. C.
TRIDAY April 85, 1930
THEODORS W. NOTES... .Editor
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Widows a« Candidate!.
The candldscy of Mrs. Robert Quincy
Leo for the seat in the House Just made
vacant by the death of her husband, the
late Representative Lee, in the seven
teenth congressional district of Texas,
arouses interest In Washington for a
number of reasons. She is opposing
former Representative Thomas L. Blan
ton, who tossed his hat in the ring
several days ago. Mr. Blanton during
his stay in the House was tho center of
numerous fracases, many of them verbal
and some of them fistic. He did not
hesitate to attack organized labor on
occasion. And as for the District Gov
ernment, it was almost constantly ex
periencing the criticism of Mr. Blanton.
Mrs. Lee’s candidacy is another link
In the chain which has brought the
widows of former members of the House
Into Congress. Os the eight woman
members of the House today, three are
serving in places made vacant by (he
deaths of their husbands, and one is
holding a seat formerly occupied by
her husband. Mrs. Kahn of California,
Mrs. Rogers of Massachusetts, and Mrs.
Oldfield of Oklahoma were all nomi
nated after their husbands had died.
Mrs. Langley of Kentucky was sent to
the House by her husband’s constituents
after he had run afoul of the prohibi
tion laws. Mrs. Ruth Hanna McCormick,
now a Republican nominee for the
Senate, Is the widow of a former Sena
tor. The three remaining woman mem
bers of the House, the ladies from Flor
ida, New York and New Jersey, never
had husbands who served in the House.
Mrs. Norton of New Jersey has a hus- 1
band, a manufacturer, who has been 1
content to allow his wife to look after
the political end for the family while
he attended to business. Mrs. Owen and
Mrs. Pratt are widows.
There is good reason to believe that
widows of members of Congress are well
qualified to step into their husbands’
places in the National Legislature.
Those now in the House have been re
elected several times. They have shown
an aptitude not only for politics but
for legislation and for the service of
their constituents. It would be folly to
argue that the widows of all members
of Congress are qualified to hold office
In place of their husbands. But those
who have come to the House have made
excellent records. If the reports of
Mrs. Lee be true, she, too, Is qualified
to take her husband’s seat in the House.
Undoubtedly sympathy .plays a part
in the election of widows to Congress
when they are candidates tor election
Immediately following the deaths of
their member husbands. It should nqt.
But in the human equation sympathy
must be reckoned with. These woman
members of Congress, however, who
formerly had husbands in the House,
are standing on their own feet. They
are the choice of their constituents.
They have made good.
Mr. Blanton retired from the House
to seek nomination and election to the
Senate in 1938. Senator Connally of
Texas was the winner in that contest.
The late Representative Lee was nomi
nated for the Home in place of Mr.
Blanton and elected. In the past Mr.
Blanton apparently has held the dis
trict in the hollow of his hand. The
Question now is whether, having once
relinquished the right to represent the
district in the House in his effort to
reach the Senate, he may have lost his
grip. In the meantime, it may not be
amiss to recall to Mr. Blanton that “a
little widow is a dangerous thing.”
No prisoner, whatever his offense,
Is bad enough to deserve the fate that
overtook some of the unfortunates in
the Ohio Penitentiary.
Disintegrating Doo-dads.
A abort time ago it was proposed that
the viaduct across Rock Creek at Con
necticut avenue should be named the
Taft Memorial Bridge in honor of the
lately deceased former President and
Chief Justice. This name, it was urged,
would be much more dignified and suit
able than “Million Dollar Bridge,” the
title by which the structure has been
popularly known since Its construction.
Thus far nothing has come of that sug
gestion. But meanwhile those who use
the bridge daily are more and more
disposed to resent the ‘‘million-dollar’’
title in view of the shabby appearance
of the bridge’s most distinguishing fea
tures.
Whatever the bridge may have cost
In the beginning, It certainly now
looks much cheaper. The four lions that
surmount the corner posts are in a sorry
state of disintegration. There are two
schools of thought on the subject of
their composition. One is that they are
of very poor concrete or cement and the
other that they are of even poorer
natural stone. If they were stuffed lions,
with natural pelts, they would be worse
than moth-eaten, for the disintegration
goes beyond the cuticle Into the struc
ture. It Is safe to predict that within a
dozen years, lacking repairs such as
those that are being made to one of the
buffaloes on the Q Street Bridge, they
will be completely tailless, possibly
headless.
TO keep the bridge up to its million
dollar reputation these effigies of the
king of beasts should be of bronze, or
at least of some hard weather-resisting
stone. Other bridges have bronze crea
tures, such as the buffaloes on the Q
*. Street Bridge, already mentioned, and
V ' Rte tigers on
Yet this, the noblest of all the Capital’s
viaducts, so imposing as to be given
America's most boastful and flattering
title, must carry on with shoddy,
, weather-beaten, pitiful presentments of
the noblest of animals.
These lions may be what Mr. Sim
mons of the House committee on ap
propriations would call “doo-dads.” But
they are there, and if doo-dads at all
they ought to be decent doo-dads or else
removed entirely. If the District is to
have ornamented public structures they
should not be cheap Imitations.
Labor's Future in Britain.
Now that the Macdonald govern
ment has achieved semi-success at the
London Naval Conference, Labor's polit
ical future will become a matter of in
creasing interest in Great Britain.
While Mr. Macdonald was engaged In
the delicate and protracted negotia
tions which have eventuated in the
five-power treaty, his foes in Parliament
declared a truce. Mr. Baldwin for the
Conservatives and Mr. Lloyd George for
the Liberals pledged that there would
be no attack on the government. They
expressed, and carried out, the laudable
purpose of offering no embarrassment
to the Macdonald cabinet’s efforts to
compose, in particular, Anglo-American
naval differences.
The truce is now obviously at an
end, Its object achieved. The day of
reckoning with Labor, from the stand
point of opposition conservatism and
liberalism, is correspondingly at hand.
Just when either Mr. Baldwin or Mr.
Lloyd George will conceive the moment
to be ripe for provoking a general elec
tion is as yet their own secret. Labor
does not shrink from another trial of
strength. On the contrary it contem
plates it with equanimity, strongly sea
soned with confidence. When intro
ducing the Labor cabinet’s budget the
other day. Chancellor of the Exchequer
Snowden boldly envisaged a four-year
tenure of office for the present govern
ment. Many Britishers think that Mr.
Snowden himself Is destined, sooner or
later, to displace Mr. Macdonald as
prime minister. There to "no love lost
between them.
In the realm of foreign affairs Labor
could go to the country today with no
mean record to its credit. Last
Fall Mr. Snowden accomplished in a few
brief weeks at The Hague a greater
stroke for British international prestige
than any ministry at Downing street
since the war. Alongside that feather in
John Bull’s cap now to pinned the re
sult of the London Conference, univer
sally hailed as another triumph for
British statesmanship. It is not fully
grasped abroad that while Britannia
surrenders the trident of naval suprem
acy, held by her for 400 years, she has
by the same token guaranteed herself
against the danger of being outbuilt by
a rival immeasurably more capable than
herself of financing sea power, namely,
this opulent land of ours.
Many a British election has been won
and lost on a foreign issue. The Con
servatives went out and Labor came In,
in 1924, on account of popular objec
tions to warlike British policy in the
Near East. Labor itself was driven from
office a few monthe later by revelations
in connection with Soviet Russia. In
1929 the Baldwin government was de
feated largely because of the country’s
smoldering dissatisfaction with Anglo-
American relations in the wake of the
Geneva Naval Conference fiasco of 1927.
Now that relations with the United
States have been stabilized under Labor
auspices, it may well be in the cards
that Mr. Macdonald could ask the na
tion for a vote of confidence and be
reinstated in power under majority con
ditions instead of the ignoble position
Labor now occupies in the House of
Commons.
A Larger City Post Office.
When the . spacious and impressive
City Post Office was occupied in 1914
those who had designed the building
and the proud occupants thereof fondly
believed that the floor space provided
would be ample to take care of all the
increase in the malls for the next half
century. That wss only sixteen years
ago, but a great deal can happen in
sixteen years. A World War, for in
stance, has been fought and the anni
versary of its ending celebrated eleven
times. The map of the world has
changed and by speaking into a micro
phone a man can Inspire a million
Americans to sit down immediately and
write a letter. The revenue from the malls
through the City Poet Office has in
creased by 100 per cent. The volume of
mail has more than doubled and 756
more employes are necessary now than
in 191 S.
The City Post Office needs more space.
Since 1916 the postmasters have been
calling for it, for the demand was felt
two years after the building was com
pleted. The bill introduced on Friday
for extensions to the Post Offioe has
been urged for some years. The report
accompanying the bill to an argument
that cannot be answered.
The bill would provide $4,000,000 for
additions to the City Post Office, har
monizing architecturally with the pres
ent building and providing needed floor!
space for its activities. It is Interesting
to note that the present building cost
only 13,500,000 and that the enlarge
ment planned will therefore be more
expensive than the first cost of the
structure. While the public buildings
legislation for other cities has provided
post offices, no legislation has hereto
fore been introduced to remedy the con
ditions in the Washington Post Office.
Chinese police forbid checker play
ing in Peiping. Checkers is a very
innocent and harmless game, involving
no great expense. No doubt cynical
minded Orientals will assume that those
rich enough to own mah-jong seta will
not be interfered with.
Price or Fear?
Is it fear or expense that keeps the
general public from using airplanes
more extensively? This question had
long been pondered by the proprietor
of a New Jersey airport and recently
he determined to find the answer. Ac
cordingly, he announced that all planes
from hta field on a certain day would
take up passengers for one dollar and
then he sat back to await results. And
they were not long in coming. At nine
o’clock in the morning when the first
i plane was wheeled out of its hangar a
1 thousand persons were already In line
; and at the end of the day with twelve
planes and pilots in operation without
I intermission more than five thousand
1 men, women -and children had been
. taken aloft, thus creating a new record
THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 1930.
of activity for a tingle flying field lnj
the course of a tingle day.
All of which would seem to prove the
proprietor’s theory that it is expense
and not fear that keeps the public on
the ground In the early days of flying
a short hop in most localities cost fif
teen dollars. Naturally, this price did
not attract many customers to the then
infant art. Some years later the price
generally was a dollar a minute, but the
public found even this figure too high.
In the present day, hops can be bought
at three or five dollars, depending on
the location of the field and the time
aloft, while a plane may be rented with
out pilot by the hour from fifteen dol
lars up to fifty, and if the customer does
not wish to fly it himself a transport
pilot can be procured in some localities
for as low as five dollars an hour to
give instruction.
While these prices are not exorbitant,
they are still high enough to keep many
people out of the air and they must
come still lower for general public pa
tronage. Especially high even in this
day of flying are the rates for long
trips, the cost for these in big transport
planes being something more than
twenty dollars an hour. The average
person, aside from the time saved by
flying, is likely to think twice before
buying transportation for twenty dollars
an hour when It can be procured on
fast trains for about one-tenth of this
figure.
There are probably few persons who
are actually afraid to fly. There are
many, even those who have flown ex
tensively, who do not care for flying
and will use air transportation only
when the amount of time saved to com
mensurate with the possible discomfort
of bumpy conditions in the upper
strata. Many a person has made his
first air trip a long one, only to find
that his system cannot adapt itself to
this mode of travel. This is not fear.
It to just plain air-sickness.
Regardless of prioe, however, flying
will continue to grow in popularity and
this fact alone may result In prices be
ing substantially reduced. At the two
fields just across Highway Bridge on
Easter Sunday new records were estab
lished for passenger-carrying, nearly
fourteen hundred people being given
short hops over the city, and the price
at these two fields was more than the
dollar charged by the enterprising New
Jersey airport proprietor. If Washing
ton can muster more than a thousand
people in a single day It to not sur
prising that a lower rate with more
population to draw from should attract
five thousand. It would seem quite
apparent, however, that the case of
price versus fear has been proved and
that as rates come down people will
go up.
The world breathed easier on learning
that the giant ship Bremen escaped
without harm from a collision. There
should be no room in maritime annals
for two disasters 'like that which years
ago overtook the Titanic.
The Graf Zeppelin has postponed
the flight to Bouth America. The diri
gible to slow in starting and hard to
land, but while actually on the way
makes such wonderful time as to be
worth the trouble.
A Chicago banker has declared he
would rather pay more for the same
work to a man who plays golf. This
advances golf a step still higher In
rating as a duty even more than as a
pleasure.
A homicide mystery sometimes de
velops shocking details that sadden
even the veteran policeman, who is sup
posed to know all about the worst in
human nature.
For once Mussolini was reduced to
second place In popular attention. The
father of the bride can never hope to
compare in importance with the bride
herself.
Notice of neer for economy is oc
casionally necessary to prevent the
crowd from becoming too dense around
the pie counter.
SHOOTING STABS.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Petition to the Queen.
Queen of the May, we wait for you,
Your loving subjects ever true.
And still your path we seek to strew
With violets each day
To show the homage that to due,
Queen of the May.
A scepter over us you hold—
A sunbeam bright as burnished gold.
And yet your mood, alas, to cold
And far away!
You are not gentle as of old,
Queen of the May.
And still we hope that we shall find
Your wish all generous and kind;
Unto no haughty chill inclined,
We humbly stay,
And plead to your majestic mind,
Queen of the May.
Wastefulness.
"What to the most conspicuous waste
of money that has recently come under
your notice?”
, <<The expense,” answered Senator
Sorghum, "that some rich but credulous
concerns go to in hiring people who
claim to be influential lobbyists.”
Jud Tunklns says imported goods
appear to have all the luck. We saved
the Japanese cherry flowers, but our
own apple blossoms are having a hard
struggle.
Arguments.
Some arguments I must deplore.
Their meaning still I guess.
And as I hear them more said more,
I understand them less.
Princes No Longer Prized.
"Do titles of royalty appeal to your
fancy?”
"Not greatly.” answered Miss Cayenne,
“My girlish imagination would not
i harbor a thought of adoring anybody of
lower rank than that of dictator.”
"If all men dwelt in perfect agree
ment,” said Hi Ho, the sage of China
town, “there would be no need of ex
changing thoughts and we would be
1 left in dull silence.”
Loss of Human Interchange.
I do not like my dial phone.
I'm sure that I was happier when
, A girl, with temper of her own,
Would give me back-talk now and then.
“A policeman to a powerful an’ lzn-
I portant gemman,” said Uncle Eben,
i “but I’s always most flatteiqlwhen he
I ain’ tootin’ no Mtloe of mm,W
1 THIS AND THAT
BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL.
A garden of “dont’s” sometimes re
sults in more satisfaction and beauty
than one built on the finest determina
tions and affirmations in the world.
It is probably of more importance to
remember not to do certain things in
the garden than to plant wisely and
well according to all the books In
existence.
Gardening is a practical thing, after
all, an occupation in which the best re
sults are secured by men well ac
quainted with manual labor, who are
not afraid of their plants, as so many
amateurs are, and who possess a nice
feel for graying things.
Such people “have away with
plants,” just as some of them have a
way with dogs. In most such cases
it will be found that the things they
do not do are quite as important as
what they do.
** * *
Negations have a place In the garden,
no matter how much they are frowned
an in the art of salesmanship.
No doubt it is wrong for one who is
trying to sell something to make the
following suggestion: “You don’t want
anything today, do you?”
An amateur can see the error in that
sentence; the prospect immediately an
swers, “No, I don’t,” and that ends
that.
In the garden, however, the psychol
ogy to good when an experienced
worker says to an inexperienced one:
“Don’t plant gladioli in rose beds.”
Such plantings look feasible, but they
are not. Gladioli grow straight up,
bearing their flowers on a perpendicular
flower spike—one might think that
such habit of growth would go nicely
in widely planted rose beds, adding color
when the bushes are not in bloom.
Experience teaches that bulbs planted
near roses will not do a third as well
as sister bulbs placed in beds of their
own, and that the rosebushes them
selves will be harmed by the proximity
of the gladioli
By forced feeding of both roses and
gladioli some approach may be made
to success. One often reads articles in
garden magazines, advising homeowners
to try out this plan, but most of them
are written by theorists, who have not
personally tried out their own ideas.
They have been misled by the sky
scraper habits of the" gladiolus Into
thinking that it would fit In very well
in rose beds. And so it would—if it
would do well. But the chances are
that it will not thrive with the atten
tion given such plots by the average
amateur.
Such merry garden writers are misled,
too, we believe, by the success which
may be attained by planting the tulip
and narcissus beneath evergreens or
shrubs, notably the lilac.
But the tulip, for instance, already
has Its flower in perfect formation be
fore the bulb is put into the ground.
It does not require much fertility to do
well.
, The gladiolus demands rather a good
degree of fertility, which it cannot
secure in a rose bed.
** * *
“Don’t water the grass” is another
garden "don’t” which may be made'
with confidence.
All too many lawns are made tender
and in need of constant reseeding by
the pernicious habit of “sprinkling” the
grass several times a week.
Now, grass to well able to take care
of Itself In most seasons, except In
terribly long hot spells in Midsummer.
Then the judicious use of the hose to a
life-saver for grass.
At all other times a careful avoid
ance of its use will do more for the
| WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS
BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE.

President Hoover’s current experiences
with Supreme Court appointments must
flit him with a realization of what
Woodrow Wilson went through 14 years
ago. Pew confirmation contests in
American history have rivaled in in
tensity the fight which the Senate
waged against the nomination of Jus
tice Brandeis in 1916. President Wil
son appointed him in January, but it
was the succeeding June —five months
later—before he was permitted to as
sume office. Among the leaders in the
struggle to have Brandeis rejected were
William Howard Taft and Ellhu Boot.
The times are changing, and we with
them. Brandeis was fought because he
was "a reactionary radical.” Parker
of North Carolina is now opposed be
cause he is "a reactionary conservative.”
President Green of the American Fed
eration of Labor has just cleared up
a widespread misapprehension about
Brandeis and Parker. The North Caro
linian’s supporters have been claiming
that his "yellow dog” decision, which
has invited the enmity of organized
labor, was in line with a Supreme Court
decision in which Brandeis, the bench’s
great liberal, concurred. Green de
clares that, far from concurring,
Holmes and Brandeis, the dissenting
twain, formed, as they so often do, the
opposing minority.
** * *
One of Washington’s witty Demo
cratic women, who confesses she burns
no incense at the Hoover throne, thinks
the London naval treaty should be
called "Reductio ad absurdum,” which
is defined by Mr. Webster as "the re
ducing of a supposition or hypothesis
to an absurdity."
** * *
“California, Here I Come,” will after
all continue to be a popular song with
Filipinos, now that the Senate has
smashed the Shortridge amendment to
the impending new Western Hemisphere
immigration laws. The California dele
gation in Congress moved heaven and
earth to bring about the exclusion of
Filipinos along with the proposed em
bargo on Central and South Americans.
A simultaneous effort to ban Canadians
and Newfoundlanders also fell by the
wayside. The olaint of Senator Short
ridge and ne.ghboring statesmen that
immigration from the Philippines is
gravely aggravating unemployment con
ditions on the Pacific Coast failed to
outweigh the argument that as long as
the islands are under the American flag
the little brown brother cannot logically
be barred from the United States. So
ends California’s attempt to include the
Filipinos among the Orientals we ex
clude.
** * *
Appointment of an Ambassador to
Mexico, to succeed Dwight W. Morrow,
is imminent. The Jersey Senator-desig
nate and London Naval Conference
delegate may make a flying trip to
Mexico City (flying is in his family’s
line nowadays) to take formal leave of
President Ortiz Rubio. But his politi
cal fences in New Jersey are in such
sore need of Immediate attention that
Morrow cannot afford to waste much
time In or on Mexico. J. Reuben Clark
of Utah, former Undersecretary of
State and an early associate of Mr.
Morrow’s in Mexico City, is now re
garded President Hoover’s likeliest
choice for the ambassadorship. Mr.
Clark is a Mormon.
** * *
N. H. Aylesworth. president of the
National Broadcasting Co., sprang a
good one at the recent Washington
meeting of the Society of American
Newspaper Editors. "The other day,’’
he said, "my wife told me that N. B. C.
programs were getting worse and worse
from week to week. I pleaded, ‘Dar
ling, if you keep on telling me that,
you’ll drive me crazy.’ Thereupon my
better half rejoined: “Oh, that won’t
be a drive. It’ll just be a putt’.”
** * *
There’s going to be considerable con
gressional exodus to Europe during the
approaching long recess, the campaign
to the contrary notwithstanding. Sen
ators Wheeler of Montana and Wagner
of New York both contemplate trans
atlantic trips. Wheeler means to have
a look at the League of Nations, and
Wagner wants to include Russia in hie
lawn than any amount of pawing over
it whatsoever.
** * *
“Don’t fail to fertilize the roses.”
It is amazing what a difference this
little “don't” would make in a thousand
rase beds if enterprising amateurs would
take it to heart.
They have read that advice, time and
time again, but they don’t know what
fertilizer to use, and it costs money to
buy it, and it to a great deal of bother,
after all.
The result of their negligence in re
gard to this double-negative “don’t” is
that they get half as many blossoms as
they would otherwise get, and those
that bloom are not half as large or half
as pretty as they might have been.
Fertilize your rose beds, if you pre
fer the affirmative way of putting it,
or “don’t fail to fertilize them,” either
way. The result Is the same in either
case.
** * *
“Don’t leave seedlings too close to
gether.”
Nothing worries the young gardener
quite as much as the disagreeable ne
cessity of thinning out newly grown
plants from seed.
They look so husky, so green, it seems
a shame to disturb them.
But disturbed they mqst be, if one to
to get satisfaction out of them in the
future.
Amateur gardeners must learn this
lesson, that all plants will grow, and
that in the Spring one must be able to
see them as they will be In the middle
of August.
The same applies to the planting of
shrubs, such ns lilacs and altheas, and
individual specimens of the sturdy
privet. Give them plenty of room in
which to expand or you will be sorry.
** * *
“Don’t expect plants that demand
sun to do well in the shade.”
Sun-loving plants—and most of them
fall into that classification—will grow
and bloom in the shade,, in many in
stances, but, the chances are 10 to 1
that they will grow only half as high,
produce smaller and less colorful flow
ers, and will be greatly subject to plant
lice and other Insect pests.
“Don’t let aphids (plant lice) eat up
your leaves.”
These little green creatures. Interest
ing though they are as biological speci
mens, are unwanted in the garden,
which they Infest from now on.
They are so milky-green that the
newcomer to the garden Is likely to
overlook them, especially on the under
sides of leaves.
Even if he sprays them with nicotine
solution, as he should, he will And him
self combating applied intelligence, for
the plant lice simply run around to the
undersides of the leaves and there sit
safe beneath Nature's green umbrellas.
The only solution is to spray the un
dersides of the leaves, too.
** * *
“Don’t let grass grow Into flower
beds.”
It Is surprising how many untidy,
uneven grass lines one sees in a day.
Os course grass Qlipping by hand to
boresome, but It to necessary, especially
in the small garden, where everything
is directly under the eye.
Keeping the grass well mowed and all
edges trimmed, especially around flower
beds, will do more than any one pro
cedure to make the home and its
grounds attractive In warm weather.
There are many other similar "don’ts”
which one can think up for himself,
taking care to put them in the nega
tive or “don’t” form, as this rather
"pep” them up for garden use.
i
itinerary. Senators Robinson of Arkan
sas and Bingham of Connecticut plan to
go to Samoa, along with Representatives
Kiess of Pennsylvania and Williams of
Texas, on an official visit authorised by
the President a year ago.
** * *
The open season for political booms
now Includes honorable mention of Rep
resentative Hamilton Fish, jr.. Republi
can, of New York, for the Empire State
governorship this year. He has Just
been trotted out by Johi. J. Curry, an
active organization leader in New York
City, who seems to specialize in booms.
In 1928 Curry tried to line up New York
State for Charles Curtis of Kansas for
President. Last year he essayed to put
Herman A. Metz across as a fusion
nominee for mayor of New York. “The
two great issues in the 1930 State cam
paign,” says Curry in a letter to Mr.
Fish, "will be water power and prohibi
tion. I feel you are eminently fitted to
lead us out of the wilderness on both
these issues, bulwarked, as you are, by
your fine records in the New York State
Assembly, in the World War and in
Congress.”
** * *
When the London naval treaty is up
for action in the Senate, it now appears
that it will be under fire from no fewer
than three sides. Hitherto, its only
known enemies were the Hale-Britten
“big Navy” party and the Llbbyite
“little Navy” group. Now comes the
Third Internationale of Moscow and as
sails the pact as the latest device of
capitalism and militarism to enslave
the world proletariat. Not being able to
accomplish that purpose by sea, Com
munism’s political organization has dis
covered that the “imperialistic powers”
have decided to do it by land. They are
reducing naval expenditure, therefore,
in order to have more money for armies,
which can be used to keep-- the
downtrodden people in subjection and
misery!
(Copyright. 1950.)
George Washington Hero
Lauded for His Act
To the Iditor of The Star:
Capitol Heights has developed a hero in
the person of young Brainin. the George
Washington University student who res
cued Miss Dorothy Bums from being
grabbed by an assailant on her father’s
doorstep in this city last Tuesday. The
writer has known this slim young man
since he was a boy. but did not suspect
that the student, whose taste inclines
to music and to science, would risk his
life and tackle a brute who might have
sliced him into ribbons with a razor
such as characters of that stripe usually
carry.
Brainin’s father is a native of Rus
sia, a carpenter, who has made sacrifices
in order to educate his children on a
slender income, but this eldest son has
something in him that outweighs in
importance all the school training
ever given—a capacity for quick de
cision and courageous action, regard
less of consequences to his own safety.
■ braving death to save a fellow human
being from a fate worse than death.
The Brainlns are residents of Capitol
Heights, one of Washington’s nearest
suburbs, a community upon which It
has been customary to bestow few com
pliments because of the undesirable
character of some of its dwellers. But
as a matter of fact, there are plenty
of good people there who live and let
live, attend to their own business and
let others alone. No doubt numbers
of young men there possess bravery
and other good traits, awaiting only
an opportunity to become known.
If Capitol Heights is alive to its In
terests it will stage a public celebration
of the heroic deed of young Brainin
and encourage others to follow his
example upon occasion.
LINDSAY S. PERKINS.
He May Overcome It.
From the Ithaca Journal-New*.
“I am terribly tired of the sound of
my own voice,” says Sir Esme Howard,
i And if he maintains that attitude he
i will be terribly lonely In the congrega
i tion of notables. ~
Proposals to Help Solve
Speedway Traffic Problem
To the Editor of The Star:
Your recent editorial on the Halns
Point traffic was very timely. After
reading it I went down and observed
the Speedway’s Easter traffic snarl.
While there are many little engineer
ing features that need very badly to
be adjusted, I think that if two simple
things were done the traffic from Hains
Point would run 50 per cent more
smoothly.
Pirst, when traffic starts to running
heavy, stop all westbound traffic from
passing the Speedway’s exit. Divert
this westbound Virginia traffic around
that drive by the old bathing beach,
a wide, well paved, splendid drive only
about 10 steps longer than the drive
used.
By doing this when traffic is run
ning heavy and becoming congested,
the westbound Virginia traffic would
not have to stop for the Speedway's
traffic and the Speedway’s traffic com
ing from under the railroad would not
have to stop for the westbound Vir
ginia traffic. The Virginia westbound
traffic would not have to stop or be
held up anywhere between Water street
and Alexandria. Os course the drive
up on the approach to the bridge would
be quite mean, but even so traffic could
keep moving.
As only the eastbound traffic from
Virginia would be passing the exit from
the Speedway, this traffic could pull
over and give more room for the auto
mobiles coming out from underneath
the railroad into Fourteenth street.
The other suggestion is that the left
turn from Fourteenth street into the
first park drive east of the Outlet Bridge
should not be allowed.
Those desiring to make that turn
when traffic is running heavy should
be directed to go on out to Water
street, pull over to the right, out of
the way of the other cars, and wait
for their right of way to be cleared for
them.
As it is at present there are two
or three long lanes of eastbound traffic
and two long lanes of westbound Vir
ginia traffic, both moving and impa
tient, so the driver trying to make a
left turn at that point, of course,
can’t break through that westbound
traffic, but he stands there with hand
out waiting, which holds up the east
bound lane of traffic all the way back.
After this automobile turns to the left
and the eastbound and westbound traf
fic has begun to move again, then an
other driver signals for a left turn,
and so he holds up the long lane of
eastbound traffic again. By that time
Water street traffic stops all of them.
So, you see, the eastbound traffic is
being held up almost continuously at
those two places, although Fourteenth
street is open and traffic going east
can run on unimpeded after it passes
Water street.
That left turn Just east of the Outlet
Bridge should be stopped when traffic
is running heavy.
To humor the individual in traffic
is seldom to the individual's own good.
Whatever moves the mass of traffic
speeds on the individual driver.
These two simple changes will cause
the Speedway and Virginia traffic to
move much more smoothly.
The prime cause for the congestion
on the Speedway and also on Four
teenth street is the lack of an* easy
approach to the Highway Bridge. It
was built for wagons and buggies and
has not been adjusted to automobiles
running at 30 miles an hour.
Since the Speedway is our Riverside
drive, where we love to strut our stuff
when our cousins come to town, I
think it was very appropriate in you
to call attention to its proneness to
be congested at the very time when we
would wish it were at its best.
ZACK SPRATT.
Discipline Would Have
Averted Prison Horror ;
i
To the editor of The Star:
I have read your editorial with re
spect to the fire at the penitentiary at
Columbus. I have a few Impressions on
my mind: If there had been proper dis
cipline at that prison such a fire could
not have happened in broad daylight. If
there had been proper management and
discipline the convicts would have been
let out of their cells in case of fire. It’s
mighty hard to get away from the above
facts. The warden is responsible for
the discipline at a prison. He is re
sponsible for the proper management.
The governor of a State appoints the
warden and in turn he has responsi
bility. He will defend the warden to the
limit, as his responsibility for his ap
pointment is at stake.
I served five years in the Moundsville
Penitentiary. At that time every week
we had fire drills, and every convict had
a post in case of fire and several times
fire broke out in the shops and in less
than no time it was out.
The officials at Columbus cannot get
away from the responsibility for this
loss of life, and the public should hold
them fast in this responsibility.
They will twist and turn and figure
and deny and be let off, but it will not
affect the thinking man or woman.
E. E. DUDDINO.
Farmers Are Advised
To Help Effect Relief
From the Jackson Citizen Patriot.
Chairman Legge of the Federal Farm
Board continues valiantly in his cam
paign to help the farmers help them
selves. He is insistent in his plea to
farmers to reduce their wheat acreage
in order that they may feel the full
benefits of the protective tariff. If the
domestic market is glutted, it is obvious
that the effect of the barrier against
imports will not be perceptible.
Mr. Legge makes the exceedingly clear
argument that if the farmer sees the
probability of receiving more for four
bushels of wheat than he is now getting
for five there is no purpose in raising
the extra bushel. The results from over
production obviously will be lower prices
and a further exhaustion of the soil and
expenditure of labor to no avail.
The idea behind the creation of the
Federal Farm Board was to encourage
the agricultural industry in the working
out of its own salvation. The danger
of coddling through granting subsidies
to certain industries is easily recognised.
If the farmers will co-operate it seems
that the Farm Board plan should prove
eventually successful.
Washington's Work for
Washington People
To the Editor of The Star:
We read with regret of the established
"bread line” in Washington and also
note regretfully that two District Gov
ernment buildings are to go to outside
contractors regardless of the fact that
the District Commissioners “have the
power to reject any or all bids.” We
should think this power should be ex
ercised at this time inasmuch as it
would help to relieve the situation of
unemployment.
There are, in Washington, contractors
second to none as far as experience,
ability and financial responsibility are
concerned. To prove this fact look over
the various buildings that have been
completed In the past years.
Why do not the Commissioners set
the example? Give Washington's work
to Washington people. H. PHILLIPS.
Agree§ in Regard to
“Adequate Lighting"
To the Editor of The Star:
I read a letter in The Star a few
days ago on "Adequate Lighting,” writ
ten by a Mr. John V. Purasell. with
which I was greatly impressed. I think
the same about the lighting system as
he does. It really needs to be ad
justed in some way. I am glad to agree
with all he has said about “Adequate
Ughttag." MARTHA A. BROOKS.
| ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN.
Have we had the pleasure of serving
you through our Washington Informa
tion Bureau? Can't we be of some help
to you In your problems? Our business
Is to furnish you with authoritative In
formation, and we Invite you to ask us
any question of fact In which you are
Interested. Send your inquiry to The
Evening Star Information Bureau,
Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washing
ton D. C. Inclose 2 cents in coin or
stamps for return postage.
Q. How many cameramen are there
In Hollywood?—L. C.
A. The American Cinematographer
says there are close to one thousand
cameramen of varying classification In
Hollywood.
Q. How long have crosses been used
to mark Christian graves?—H. S. R.
A. Among the very earliest Christian
graves which have been discovered
the cross was used as a symbol.
Q. Is there a railroad running out
of Chicago which advances on the left
instead of the right, where there Is a
double track?—R. L. C.
A. The Chicago Union Station says
that the only railroad In Chicago that
advances on the left is the Chicago
and Northwestern Railway and It oper
ates In and out of its own passenger
terminal at Canal and Madison streets.
Q. Who discovered the new planet?
—J. W. Z.
A. The ninth planet or planet X,
as It is at present known, had long
been predicted mathematically by the
late Dr. Percival Lowell. The planet
was first observed on January 21 of
this year by Clyde Tombaugh, a pho
tographer of the Lowell Observatory,
at Flagstaff. Aria., and later Identified
by Drs. Slipher and Lampland as the
long-sought trans-Neptunian body, com
puted to be some 4,000,000,000 miles
from the earth.
Q. When was the roulette wheel
introduced?—M. C.
A. The exact origin of the roulette
wheel seems to be obscure. The game
is said to have first appeared In France,
becoming very popular, at the period of
the First Consulate. In England it was
known as Roly Poly. As early as 1745,
legislation was passed against It.
Q. What is the longest tunnel in
South America?—T. L.
A. The Uspalatta Tunnel, not quite
two miles long, between Los Andes and
Mendoza, is now the longest. The
Raioes Tunnel now under construction
will be about three miles in length.
They are both railroad tunnels in the
Andes.
Q. Where is Palmyra Island?—S. A. T.
A. Although far to the south of the
Hawaiian Islands, it belongs to that
group. It is six miles long and one
and one-half miles wide.
Q. Please tell something of the
methods used at Henry Ford’s school
at Sudbury, Mass.—H. S. D.
A. Thirty-one boys from 12 to 17
years of age live a simple community
life in the old-fashioned residence at
Sudbury, Mass., where Mr. Ford is try
ing out new theories in education. The
boys are taught how to care for them
selves, their home and their clothes.
They are taught not only how to earn
but how to spend money. The meals
are prepared and served by students
and the entire domestic routine is man
aged under the supervision of but one
resident master. To do this the boys
are divided into squads of five members,
each under a leader appointed by the
master. The school day begins with
setting-up exercises, followed by a
hygiene lecture and then breakfast.
Household chores follow in order, then
British Financial Burdens
Seen as Force in Politics
Problems of the Macdonald govern
ment in Great Britain are impressed
upon Americans as they study the
new budget prepared by Sir Philip
Snowden, chancellor of the exchequer.
Heavier taxation, unemployment, war
debts and a continuing deficit, have
been faced by the people of that
country and the courageous attitude in
meeting the situation is discussed on
this side of the water. There is a dif
ference of opinion as to the wisdom
of placing the weight of taxation on
those who have large resources.
Under the new taxation, it is pointed
out by the Boston Transcript, is
"an Increase on incomes of more than
$9,000 a year, upon death duties or in
heritance taxes, upon beer, and in the
supertax. The intention, ’’ continues
the Transcript, "is to go easy upon the
workingmen, but they, too, will have
to pay their share of it in the taxes on
beer, on tobacco and on tea. All very
well for a Labor government; but as
every added burden upon the capital
ists—even the smallest of them —and
consequently upon practically all em
ployers, renders it Increasingly difficult
for British industry to get out of the
condition of prostration that has fallen
upon it, the new burden is likely to add
to unemployment, and thereby toln
crease the sufferings of the poor. Thus
the new budget becomes but another
step in the vicious circle of national
embarrassment.” *
** * *
That Americans are amaaed by “the
equanimity with which the British ac
cept a boost in the income tax that
already takes several hundred dollars
from an Income of $5,000,” is the
comment of, the Cleveland Plain
Dealer, with the further suggestion as
to political effect that "the chief result
of the rallying of the Liberals to the
Laborite financial policy probably
means the next election in Britain will
be fought on a tariff issue.”
“Such taxation, considering the diffi
culties of British industry and the state
of unemployment,” declares the Ot
tawa. Canada, Journal, “is all but stag
gering. It is by long odds the heaviest
taxation in the world. This, however,
is the British way. Britain is the one
nation that is paying her debts; pay
ing without a whimper.” The Journal
also refers to the fact that England is
"meeting bills for unemployment and
other social services that would para
lyze the ordinary state.”
a* * *
American newspapers disagree as to
whether the term “socialistic* should
be applied to the Snowden measures.
“Mr. Snowden’s budget discloses two
major elements," as analyzed by the
Kansas City Star. “As a result of the
prolonged economic depression, con
tinues that paper, “the governments
revenues have been gradually declining.
At the same time its expenditures have
been growing, in part, at least, because
of the ever-increasing cost of socialistic
legislation. * * * His proposals involve
an increase in various taxes, but in good
socialistic lashion the burden seems to
have been placed almost wholly upon
the rich.” .. ..
Against this contention appeals the
judgment of the Louisville Courier-
Journal that the budget "is thoroughly
orthodox” and "embodies no socialistic
theories.” That paper adds in expla
nation: “It seeks no new sources of
revenue. It confines itself to traditional
British procedure and does not go
astray into doctrinaire fields. Though
the Tory press is clamoring that it is
solely aimed at the rich, it la the
farthest thing from a capital levy, and
it distributes the burden so that those
most able to stand it are apportioned
the predominant share.”
** * *
The Chicago Dally News also states
that while “Mr. Snowden* is a theo
retical Socialist, his financial views are
rather conservative,” and that "he is
opposed to inflation, to fiat money, to
confiscation of capital as a means of
reform”; that “he believes in economy
and retrenchment.” The Daily News
Kints to the possibility that “the
,bor government may suffer ship
wreck on the itrti of nnemplcjnsnsy*
morning assembly, and then school day
proper starts at 8:30. By rotating les
sons and employment every boy becomes
familiar with some trade while studying
at his own speed.
Q. What was a mule chest?—O. H.
A. It was a chest standing on a base
and having three or four drawers. This
seventeenth century piece of furniture
was about halfway between a chest and
a chest of drawers.
Q. When did Tennyson become poet
laureate of England?—L. P. M.
A. Tennyson was appointed poet
laureate upon the death of Wordsworth
in 1850.
Q. Are there flesh-eating ants in
Africa?—N. H. -
A. The safari ant belongs to the sub
family Doryllnae, of which the genus
Dorylus, with several subgenera, fre
quents nearly all parts of Africa. These
ants usually make only temporary nests
but spend most of their time wandering
in long files. The size varies from quite
minute forms to over one-half inch In
length. The mandibles are very stroag
and the ant also has a powerful sting
and a swarm Is able to kill animals or
birds that it may come upon. These ants
sometimes enter houses in search of
vermin and on these occasions the
people leave till the ants are through.
The same general type of ant occurs In
almost all the tropical countries, except
on islands. The female is without wings,
which makes its distribution to Islands
impossible.
Q. Can a dust bag be made for a
vacuum cleaner without the use of
chemicals?—E. H.
A. The Bureau of Standards sayz it
is possible. The material is usually
made from a warp heavily sized before
weaving and in the weaving operation
a very close, tight fabric is constructed,
making the interstices between the
threads very small to prevent the
escape of dust from the bag. Chemicals
may be used to shrink the fabric and
make the interstices smaller.
Q. When it is noon in New York City
what time is it in Buenos Aires?—Q. D
A. It is 1 p.m.
Q When do the Gold Star Mother*’
pilgrimages to France sail?—N. 8. M.
A. Beginning May 7 of this year, the
pilgrimage* for Gold Star Mothers will
leave each week until the latterfjart of
August.
Q. To how many countries is grape
fruit exported from the United States?
—B. N.
A. The Citrus Industry says that
grapefruit was exported to 60 countries
last year. England, Germany and Can
ada were the best customers, but among
the other buyers were Brazil, Bolivia,
Ceylon, Japan, Nigeria and Liberia.
Q. Can a whale dive to the bottom of
the ocean?—G. W. Y.
A. It would be impossible for a whale
to descend to the bottom of the ocean
at any considerable depth of water. Al
though it cannot be exactly known, it
has been estimated that the maximum
dive of the whale is approximately 100
fathoms—that is, 600 feet—and at any
greater depth than this the pressure of
the water would be too great for the
safety of the whale.
Q. Please tell something of the au
thor of “Wild Justice,” George A. Bir
mingham.—A. B. A.
A. George A. Birmingham is the pen
name of the Rev. James Owen Hannay,
a canon of St. Patrick's Cathedral in
Dublin. He is now occupying the post
of rector of an English parish at Frome.
and explains that “the gravity of the
unemployment problem in Great Brit
ain is responsible in some degree for
the moderation of the Snowden budget."
“Where else could the burden be
placed?” asks the Richmond News
Leader, voicing the view, however, that
“it seems the hardest injustice to add
approximately $200,000,000 a year to the
taxes of those who already make the
largest contribution to the support of
government, while sustaining England’s
private charities and cultural activities.**
The News Leader concludes that “Snow,
den was not playing to Clydeside or to
the East End of London, but ms
speaking plain truth when he said.
*1 have placed burdens on the shouldafl
best able to bear them.’ ”
“Three-eighths of the fmrr.hmwfr.
dollar budget," records the New Y<n
Sun, “is pledged to service of the $»»
tional debt, a quarter to war and other
pensions and to health and unemployv
ment insurance. • • * The proposed
income tax rates are higher than have
been in effect since 1924. Americans
who remember the income tax of 1918
will remember rates running up to 65
per cent of the net income. The Snow
den rates amount to 22 % cents on the
dollar, but according to the chancellor
of the exchequer only the minority of
taxpayers will feel this burden.”
The situation is accepted by the
Lynchburg News as evidence that
“Great Britain has not recovered from
the war, is still struggling to pay the
costs." The Asheville Times finds in it
an explanation of the cry, “Not a man
nor a shilling shall we ever waste again
on a continental war.” The Hartford
Times comments on the deficit inher
ited from the preceding administra
tion, stating that “apparently Mr.
Snowden does not intend to have the
present Labor ministry bear at once
the onus of that inherited shortage."
“The budget is almost a political
document,” thinks the Flint Daily
Journal. “On this occasion it attracted
more than ordinary attention because
of the business depression and finan
cial conditions in England which have
worked hardships in some quarters.
The Labor government, under Ramsay
Macdonald, stood a very good chance
of meeting defeat had tire budget dis
pleased Commons.”
Highway Parking Hit
As Menace to Life
From the Schenectady Gazette.
After several years of effort the State
has at last secured a law to deal with
persons who for one reason or another
park their cars along highways. Where
these are narrow—-and under modern
traffic conditions practically every road
may today be called “narrow”—trus
parking constitutes a distinct menace.
The Goodrich bill, just signed by the
governor, prohibits parking on the
paved portions of State and country
roads, as well as on the improved part
of town highways. The penalty is SSO.
It is not merely the night parking
which is dangerous. Os course, we find
along our roads after dark many cars
with lights out, and there ls more than
a possibility of running into them, with
damage to the machines and Injury to
human beings.
But even in the daytime the person
who leaves his car on the paved pop
tion of the road is interfering witt»
traffic and creating a hazard. It takes
up room needed by moving machines
and forces them into the middle of the
highway or on the other side, increas
ing the possibility of collisions.
Save in a real emergency, there is no
legitimate excuse for parking on the
paved portion of a road. Even if a
tire must be changed, it ls not difficult
to drive to the side on the dirt part
or even to go on a short distance »
some driveway.
Maybe Wearers Wade in Current.
Prom the Oakland Tribune.
Without knowing what an “electric
bathing suit” Is. we are prepared to be '

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