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11 POPULATION SEEN AS lljl District Natives, at Banquet, Hear Impressive Tribute Paid T. W. Noyes. Prediction by Chairman Elliott of the House committee on public building* and grounds that in 50 years the Na tional Capital would have a population of 1,500,000 and an impressive tribute to Theodore W. Noyes as “foremost native Washingtonian” marked the tenth an niversary banquet last night at the Raleigh Hotel of the Society of Natives of the District of Columbia. Representative Elliott, Republican, of Indiana traced the development of legislation to authorize the stupendous public building program now under way, both in this city and throughout the Nation, for which Congress has author ized. he explained, the gigantic total of $590,890,000, to be expended at the rate of $50,000,000 annually. Mr. Noyes, editor of The Evening Star and president of the Association of Oldest Inhabitants, responded to the tributes of the evening, which were led by Fred A. Emery, president of the so ciety and toastmaster. Mr. Noyes painted a colorful word picture of the magnificent new "City Beautiful” here, but in describing its voteless plight de clared that "until now no one has ever heard of a nation which wears its po litical heart outside of its political body." Praised by Civic Leaders. A distinguished array of civic leaders joined in the testimonial to Mr. Noyes and praised the development of the city in what was described as a "new era.” Among those introduced to the society and those who spoke were: Maj. Gen. Herbert H. Crosby, new District Com missioner; Col. William B. Ladue, En gineer Commissioner of the District; George C. Havenner. president of the Federation of Citizens' Associations; George Plitt. president of the Board of Trade; Mark Lansburgh, president of the Merchants and Manufacturers’ As sociation: Leo Rover. United States dis trict attorney; Jesse C. Suter. John Claggett Proctor and Lee D. Latimer, former presidents of the society, and others. Emery Introduces Elliott. Representative Elliott was introduced by Toastmaster Emery as “the author and sponsor” of the great public build ing program for the Capital, "a man with courage and vision afar, whose record of constructive achievement in Congress has never been surpassed in results in all the apnals of Cohgress.” It was Representative Elliott's fifty seventh birthday, upon which he was felicitated. Mr. Elliott characterized Mr. Noyes as “that splendid native son of the Dis trict who has devoted and dedicated his life to upbuilding of this National Capital, that we all love, regardless of what part of the country we come from. It must be an inspiration to him,” said the speaker, “to notice the wonderful progress that has been made in this Capital in the last few years.” Representative Elliott declared that on the occasion of his first visit to the Capital in 1906. when he walked down Pennsylvania avenue, "I was grievously disappointed in what I thought ought to be the greatest street in the greatest Capital in the world." Press Support Hailed. Relating the history of the legisla tion authorizing the new building pro gram, Mr. Elliott praised Secretary Mellon, former President Coolidge, Presi dent Hoover and the press. Especially in the early days of the original El liott bill, he said, “had it not been for the masterly support of the public press behind the £ill. we would not have had this progftiih.” The passage of that act, approved May 25, 1926, the speaker characterized as “marking a most important epoch In the remaking of the National Capital." That act has been amended, he explained, until Con gress now has “authorized for buildings in the District of Columbia the sum of *227,890,000 and throughout the coun try $363,000,000. making a total of *590,890,000, which will be expended at the rate of *50,000,000 annually." In describing the development of the Mall Triangle. Mr. Elliott said the Department of Commerce, now well under way, would be "the lrrgest office building in the world," at an estimated cost, exclusive of the land it occupies, pt $17,500,000, a sum greater than Thomas Jefferson paid for the Louisiana territory. The Arlington Memorial Bridge he pictured as a "memorial to a reunited Nation,” and predicted when completed it would be the "most beautiful bridge in the world." Declared Constructive. “This is not a wild orgy of money •pending on behalf of Congress,” de clared Mr. Elliott, “but is an honest and constructive attempt to supply the Federal Government In the National Capital and all of the cities of the Nation with much-needed buildings in which to house the Federal activities. Under the many safeguards that are thrown about this authorization by the terms of the public building act, the money will all be well spent and no building cn be constructed until it has the approval of the Treasury and Post Office Departments, the director of the budget, the President of the United States and appropriation by Congress Os the funds for each individual build ing.” When completed, the triangle group. Mr. Elliott predicted, would be "perhaps the most wonderful group of governmental buildings in the world.” “I am not a prophet, nor the son of a prophet,” he said, “yet at times I look Into the future and visualize the National Capital as it will be 50 years hence as a city having 1,500,000 in habitants, noted throughout the world for its magnificent public buildings, bridges and monuments, and its beau tiful parks, avenues and streets: a great center of culture and learning; the home of the great art treasures of the world; and the mecca of the tourists who will come here in great throngs from everywhere to see the beautiful Capital of the greatest Nation in the world.” Most of the great program here, he predicted, would be completed within 10 years. . Mr. Emery, in characterizing Mr. Noves as the "foremost native Wash ingtonian,” introduced him as presi dent of the Association of Oldest In habitants and a charter member of the Society of Natives. Faithful to City’s Interests. “It is given to few men,” said Mr, Emery, “to wield the influence of his conscientious fealty to the ideals of sound government so long, so strongly, so consistently and with such stability and constructive result* a* the Wash ingtonian to whom we pay special hom age tonight. With an unbroken record of unwavering fidelity to the best In terests of Washington, unswayed by stormy winds that blow wherever lead ership goes, undaunted by stupendous*, ness of project or intensity of opposition, he has kept the faith throughout as Washington has emerged from it* near village days to a great metropolis in this Greater Washington era. “He is the editor son of a great editor father. He is a lawyer as well as a journalist, and holds the degrees of master of arts and doctor of literature. In Journalism he began from the ground up, from reporter to editor-in-chief. He was largely instrumental in eliminating the grade crossings in Washington and in the removal of the railroad tracks from the Mall. He was in the fore front of the movement to bring about elimination of overhead trolleys and minimize overh-vd wires in the District of Columbia. His studies abroad led vjm to advocate the underground sys- JOIN IN BANQUET OF SOCIETY OF NATIVES r.BBT vfe v aA"” <> i smc ♦ l Sitting (left to right): Mark Lansburgh, president Merchants and Manufacturers’ Association; Representative Elliott of Indiana, chairman of the House committee on public buildings and grounds, and Gen. Herbert B. Crosby, District Com miteioner. Standing: George Plitt, president Board of Trade; Fred Emery, president Society of Natives, and Dr. George C. Havenner, president Federation of Citizens’ Associations. —Star Staff Photo. tern now used by the street railways of Washington. He investigated abroad and at home the whole question of railroad terminals, and had an active part in the plans that led to the great Union Station we have today. Aided in Beautifying City. “He has a record of almost a lifetime in the development and protection of Washington’s parks. He has co-oper ated actively in support of govern mental efforts to make Washington the world's most beautiful city. He brought about the Washington Public Library, of which he is still the presiding trustee. He has fought at the front lines for national representation for Washington, and has participated in the leadership of every great movement of his time with respect to Washington affairs.” In response, Mr. Noyes expressed ap preciation for the tribute, and linked the Society of Natives and the Associa tion of Oldest Inhabitants as both be ing rooted in “Washingtonism.” Both, he declared, “are Interested primarily in the men and women, the home peo ple of the community rather than in the material city of stone and brick, of wood and steel.” Representative Elliott was character ized by Mr. Noyes as “a conspicuous figure among the Capital-building en thusiasts of the Nation, who are labor ing so vigorously and successfully to make of the National Capital the city beautiful, and who has Just vividly pic tured for us the fine progress already made in this inspiring task under his able and effective leadership:” Referring to the celebration of the tenth anniversary of the Society of Na tives, Mr. Noyes said the membership now numbered 750, and he held up the possibilities in a large eligible list which, he said, showed 113,486 native-born whites in the District, according to the 192(1 census, with the just-finished 1930 census promising more. Referring to the celebration 10 days ago of the birthday of the District of Columbia, whose corner stone was laid April 15, 1791, 139 years ago. Mr. Noyes said it was the founding of “our home territory, the national seat of govern ment.” Now Outside of District. “We celebrate," he said, “the laying of the District's corner stone in 1791 at Jones Point, near Alexandria, and we are confronted at the outset with the disturbing fact that the District’s cor ner stone inscribed ’the beginning of the Territory of Columbia’ is now out side of the District. Nine years after the retrocession of the Virginia section of the District this comer stone was in corporated in the retaining wall of the Jones Point diminutive light house. Our earner stone was thus buried, and later being resurrected it was startled to find itself in Virginia instead of the District of Columbia. “As the District’s comer stone is out side of the District, so also the comer stone principle upon which the great representative republic is built is out side of the District. The unrepresented District is politically outside of the Union of States. The National Capital, the soul of the Nation, is politically out side of the Nation. We have heard of the man who wears his heart on his sleeve. But until now no one has ever heard of a Nation which wears its politi cal heart outside of its political body. “Since the Washingtonian is a na tional American, and, owing no divided allegiance to a State, a national Ameri can only—national }n a peculiar and unique sense—he is surely enticed, bear ing all the national burdens, to the vital rights fend powers which on American principles belong inalienably to the na tional American. “Upon the pastures and marshes and scrub oak woodland of the permanent seat of Government of 1791 has arisen the new and greater Washington, the city beautiful. In many municipal con ditions already approaching the ideal. Prophecy Near Fulfillment. “Upon the foundation of the weak, disorganized and discordant series of communities which made up the nom inal Union of 1791 has arisen the real Union of today, homogeneous, pros perous and powerful, beneficently domi nating a hemisphere and influencing for good the world. “Surely the prophecy of the orator at the District's corner stone laying is about to be realized both as to Nation and Capital, and from the District’s comer stone a superstructure is arising as predicted, ’whose glory, whose mag nificence, whose stability unequaled hitherto shall astonish the world.’ “We are sometimes told that the forefathers contemplated no great American city here, but only a national Government workshop for the quiet and safe performance of the executive, legis lative and judicial functions, with only a small population of transients minis tering to the needs of the National Government, whose rights as Americans would always be negligible. The great man who founded the Capital and whose name it bears saw in prophetic vision no contemptible city peopled by political aliens. He contemplated a city as much larger than Philadelphia in area as the United States was then larger than Pennsylvania; a great American city, to be exceeded in popu lation a century thence perhaps only by London. “We sometimes patronizingly or slur ringly comment on the narrowness of the forefathers and the broad-minded ness and far-sightedness of us modems. Try as we may we cannot in respect to the Capital rise to the height of George Washington's hopes, prophesies and anticipations. , , - - “What. I said on this point 39 years ago on the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the laying of the Dis trict's corner stone is pertinent today: ” ‘One hundred years ago a great mind conceived the idea of a statue of perfect symmetry and beauty. This idea was Impressed upon the snowy whiteness of the heart of a huge block of marble and the statue’s outlines lay hid beneath the stone's rough and dis : colored surface. For a century at long Intervals men have worked with drill i and blast, with pick and chisel, to reach the heart of the rocky mass and to ex ; pose to sunlight and the eyes of man I the perfect statue. Stroke by stroke the ; statue is uncovered. Inch by inch it l rises in loveliness from all that is coarse > and rude and ugly in the stone and THE EVENING STAB, WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, APRIL 1 26, 1930. Gandhi’s Views on India Leader of Civil Disobedience Campaign Says Purpose of Movement Is to Force Conference, Lending to Independence . Copyright by the Associated Press, 1930. NAVSARI, India, April 26.—India's Nationalist leader, Mohandas Kara chand Gandhi, yesterday gave to the Associated Press from his temporary headquarters, where he is leading the civil disobedience campaign against the Indian government, a definitive state ment embodying the present aims and grievances of Nationalist India. The statement follows: The National demand is not for the immediate establishment of Independ ence, but as a preliminary step to a con ference that must take place if inde pendence is to be established peacefully and to remove certain prime grievances, chiefly economic and moral. These are set forth in the clearest possible terms in my letter, miscalled an ultimatum, to the viceroy. Those grievances Include the salt tax, which in its incidence falls with equal pressure upon the rich as well as poor, and is over 1,000 per cent of the cost price, having been made a monopoly. It has deprived tens of thousands of people of their supplementary occu pations, and the artificially heavy cost of salt has made it very difficult, if not impossible, for poor people to give enough salt to their cattle and to their land. This unnatural monopoly is sus tained by laws which are only so called, but which are a denial of law. They give arbitrary powers to police known to be corrupt to lay their hands without warrant on innocent people, to confis cate their property and otherwise mo lest them in a hundred ways. Caught Public Imagination. Civil resistance against the salt laws has caught the popular imagination as nothing else has within my experience. Hundreds of thousands of people, in cluding women and children from many villages, have participated in the open manufacture and sale of contraband salt. This resistance has been answered by barbarous and unmanly repression. Instead of arresting people, the authori earth of its surroundings, as the goddess of beauty rose in days of old from the rough gray surface of the ocean. The century-old ideal of Washington is fast becoming regl, tangible, visible. It is for us of the Republic’s second century to give the finishing touches to the work designed 100 years ago. Let no blundering chisel mar the delicate out lines of the developing statue, whose beauty, half concealed, half disclosed, promises to America and the world a perfect embodiment of the ideal Cap ital.’ " Short Talks Are Heard. During a symposium of three-minute talks which followed Mr. Noyes’ address, the new District Commissioner, Gen. Crosby, was first introduced, but did not speak. Engineer Commissioner Ladue said the description by Mr. Noyes of up building the National Capital “has touched .us all.” “We are making great progress,” said the Commissioner, “and the noble, worth-while and inspir ing cause of upbuilding this city de pends on the co-operation of all the people of the District.”' Dr. George C. Havenner welcomed the two delegates from the society to the citizens’ federation, and described Miss Etta L. Taggart, one of these delegates, now a member of the Citizens’ Advisory Council, as “one of the smobth est little politicians it has ever been my good fortune to meet.” Dr. Havenner looked forward to the time when Mr. Noyes as a new delegate from the Asso ciation of Oldest Inhabitants would at tend the federation as “he will guide us wisely.” George Plitt, president of the Board of Trade, said he had been associated with Mr. Noyes for a quarter of a cen tury, and in his opinion there was no man in the District who deserved more credit for the progress of the city. Mr. Plitt appealed to the Society of Natives to help the Board of Trade obtain na tional representation for the District. Mr. Proctor declared Mk. Noyes as presiding officer of the Oldest Inhabit ants organization was rarely heard to use the pronoun “I” and that he had enreader himself to us. We believe," said Mr. Proctor, “that he is true and sincere in everything he does.” Mr. Lansburgh, president of the Mer chants and Manufacturers’ Association, expressed his pleasure at being able to pay tribute to Mr. Noyes, and spoke briefly on the “foremost Washingtoni an’s” services to the city. Historical Tear Announced. James P. Duhamel, historian of the society, announced another historical tour of parts of the city would start next Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o’clock at the Court House. . . Jesse C. Suter related the history of the Socity of Natives from its or ganisation 10 years ago. The first meeting, which led to a call for organi sation, was attended, he said, by Mrs. Anne E. Hendley, Mrs. Johan C. Kon drup and himself. The first recorded action of the first meeting after or ganization. Mr. Suter said, was adoption of a resolution asking for representation ih Congress and the electoral college. A program of entertainment Included an act from the Palace Theater by Serge Flash, piano duet, Mrs. Ella C. Robinson and Raymond Rapp; readings by Mrs. Alice W. Newhard, solos by Charles Moore and singing by the as sembly. Mr. Emery was chairman of the dinner committee, Miss May Hun ger ford, chairman of the ticket com mittee; Irvin L. Rose, chairman of the flower committee , and printing, and Mrs. Ella C. Robinson, chairman of the entertainment committee. Miss Ina C. Emery was in personal charge of the dinner arrangements, un der direction of the general chairman i of the dinner committee. ! 4 V ties have violated the persons of people who have refused to part with salt held generally in their fists. To open their fists, their knuckles have been broken, their necks have been pressed, they have been even lncendently assaulted until they have been rendered senseless. Some of these assaults have taken place in the presence of hundreds and thousands of people who. although well able to pro tect the victims and retaliate, being un der a pledge of non-violence, have not done so. It is true that violence has broken out in Calcutta, Karachi, Chittagong and now Peshawar. The Calcutta and Karachi events should be isolated from Chittagong and Peshawar. The Cal cutta and Karachi incidents were an impulsive outburst on the arrest of popular leaders. The Chittagong and Peshawar Incidents, though also caused for some reason, seemed to have been serious and well planned affairs, though wholly unconnected with each other, Chittagong being in the extreme east and Peshawar being on the northwest border of India. These disturbances have so far not affected other parts of India where civil disobedience has been going on in organized fashion and on a mass scale since the 6th inst. The people in other parts have remained non-violent in spite of great provocation. At the same time I admit that there is need for caution, but I can say without the least hesitation that consistently with the plan of civil disobedience every precaution conceivable is being taken to prevent civil disobedience from being used as an occasion for doing violence. Volunteers for Peace. It should be noted that in Karachi seven wounded persons, of whom two have died of their wounds, were vol unteers engaged Mn keeping peace and restraining mob furies. It is the opin ion of eyewitnesses that the firing in Karachi was wholly unjustified and that there was no firing in the air or at legs in the first instance. In fact the government have lost no opportunity of incensing the people. Many of the best, the purest and the most self-sac rificing leaders have been arrested and imprisoned, in many instances with mock trials. Sentences, though for the same offense, have vaned with the idiosyncrasies of the magistrate. In several instances they have been for more than 12 months with hard labor on well known citizens. The enthulaßm of the people has up to now increased with every convic tion. Thousands of people regard the manufacture of contraband salt as part of their daily routine. In any other part of the world, with a government at all responsible to public opinion, the salt tax would have been repealed long since, but whether now or later, re pealed it will be if the present existing atmosphere of resistance abides as it promises to do. That this is a movement of self purification is abundantly proved by the fact that women have come into it in large numbers and are organizing the picketing of liquor shops. Thousands have taken vows to abstain from in toxicating liquor. In Armadabad, a strong labor center, the receipts of the canteens have dropped to 19 per cent and are still dropping. Boycott Is Spreading. . A similar manifestation is taken up in the question of the boycott of foreign cloth It is spreading all over India. People are making bonfires of the foreign cloth in their possession. Khadi, namely handspun cloth, is so much in demand that the existing stock is well nigh exhausted. Each spinning wheel is much in demand and people are be ginning to realize more and more the necessity of reviving hand spinning in the cottages of the 700,000 villages of India. In my humble opinion a struggle so free from violence has a message far beyond the borders of India. I have no manner of doubt that after all tre sacrifice that has already been msde since April 6, the spirit of the people will be sustained throughout until India has become Independent and fiee to make her contribution to ♦he progress of humanity. INDIAN MOB TAUNTS BRITISH TROOPS IN FRONTIER PROVINCE (Continued From First Page.) rested today on a charge of breach of the salt law. From Oorgaum it was reported strikers l from the Balaghat gold mine today burned a meat vender's shop and resi dence there. A general exodus of the mine coolies to their native villages started. CASUALTY FIGURES DISAGREE. Nationalists Claim *5 Slain; Govern ment Puts Number Over 50. LAHORE, India. April 26 (/P).—Two members of the All-India National Con gress committee of Peshawar said that casualties In Wednesday’s rioting totaled 65, with 150 persons wounded. An official government statement put the total casualties at a little over 50, and said that military forces had the situation under control. 19 Hurt in Political Fight. HALLE, Germany, April 26 (A*). —A Facist meeting near here last night, ended In a clash between Facists and Communists. Nineteen Facists were injured, four being taken to the hos pital. CENSUS DERELICTS FACING PENALTIES t Form Letter Sent Out by Su pervisor Requires Answers Within Two Days. Have You Been Enumerated? Name Address Mail to J. Sterling Moran, Room 630, Census Bldg. Responding to requests from J. Ster ling Morair, census supervisor of the District, Leo A. Rover, United States attorney, today took steps to bring legal pressure to bear on Washington fami lies that have not, for one reason or another, answered the census queries. In a form letter sent out to certain heads of families and hotel and apart ment house owners, the United States attorney’s office served final notice that unless census schedules are returned within two days from receipt of the letter it would "feel obliged to proceed with the enforcement of the penalties provided in the census act.” Offenders Well-to-Do. Director William M. Steuart ex plained that the chief trouble In com pleting the census task, now more than three-fourths accomplished, lies not with the Illiterate who refuse to answer questions, but with the well-to-do hotel and apartment house dwellers who are never at home and who neglect to fill out the forms left for them. "Sometimes an enumerator makes as many as 20 trips to one apartment,” Director Steuart said. “The family are all working in the daytime and all at the movies at night.” He added that changes in this mode of life in 1930 over 1920 has greatly complicated the census-taker’s task. SIOO Fine or 60 Days. The letters prepared by Mr. Rover point out that the census act provides a penalty of SIOO fine or 60 days in jail or both, at the discretion of the court, for any person who shall refuse or wilfully neglect to answer the census queries. Except in few instances, the census is progressing satisfactorily in the Dis trict. Mr. Moran said. Director Steuart said the general work is far In advance of the 1920 census. Each of the 575 supervisors in the country has been asked to report the districts completed and those incom plete, and on the basis of replies the first Nation-wide report on the 1930 census will be compiled. Mr. Moran requested any person who has been missed by the enumerators to fill In the blank and mail to his office. CABINS FOR THREE OF CABINET TO BE BUILT ON RAPIDAN (Continued From First Page.) pose will not be nearly as extensive as the Hoover holdings. The President bought 150 or 160 acres of the Virginia countryside along the Rapldan, and took a lease for another 1,000 acres in the immediate neighborhood. More Time at Camp. The decision of the cabinet men to stake out places for themselves near the President came about as the result of Mr. Hoover's desire to spend more and more time on the Rapldan. He has not been able to carry out his wishes thus far principally because it was not al ways convenient to lose contact fre quently with the departmental heads at Washington. Many of them and their respective wives have been the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Hoover at recurring inter vals. But the accommodations of the presidential camp are limited, and not many of his associates can foregather here at the same time. When the cabinet cabins are habitable it will be possible for their owners, or colleagues of the owners, to be on the Rapldan more or less regularly and in numbers. Some day cabinet meetings will be held there instead of at the White House. That is an innovation which the President has definitely in mind. It would enable him, he thinks, often to prolong his sojourns in Vir ginia beyond the hurried week end trips he has been making during the past year, without any danger of interference with executive business. Mr. Hoover considers his Rapldan camp about the noblest experiment he has yet undertaken in the realm of recreation. The fishing, the hiking and the seclusion he enjoys there are virtually the only play in which he in dulges. His friends say he does his "best thinking" at the Virginia White House. They find the President more inclined there to “let himself go," in conversation and discussion, than when he is within the walls of the White House. He relaxes on the Rapidan. mentally and physically, because of the complete lack of restraint its isolation permits. Comments on Hospitality. The President loses no opportunity to speak of the fine hospitality the offi cials and people of the Old Dominion extend him. The Btate and county au thorities have co-operated enthusiasti cally. since it became tne week end White House, in road building and in every other direction conducive to Mr. and Mrs. Hoover’s comfort. The camp, while easily accessible by road, is far enough from the beaten motor track to preserve the President and his guests from undue intrusion by curious tourists. Altogether he feels that the Rapidan Investment, which was made entirely from his own purse, has been a huge success. When he has as nextdoor neighbors on the river bank the men who are helping him to man the ship of state President Hoover feels that his little patch of Dixie will be about as near an earthly paradise as can be found—possibly outside of California. (Copyrisht. 1930.) WINS ORATORYHONORS Michigan School Student First in Association’s Contest Finals. CHICAGO, April 2# (JP).—Frederick Fuller of Michigan State Normal Col lege, Ypsilanti, Mich., won first place iin the Interstate Oratorical Associa tion’s contest finals, held at Northwest ern University last night. His topic was “Our Racial Myopia.” There were six finalists, chosen by elimination contests from the colleges of 15 Midwestern States. Second place went to William Young of Park Col lege, Parksvllle, Mo., and third to Frank Corbett of Notre Dame University, South Bend, Ind. Their topics were “Society and the Pay Roll" and “A Weighted Scale.” POET'S BODY CREMATED Secrecy Attends Last Rites for Robert Bridges in London. LONDON, April 26 (/P). —The body of Robert Bridges, poet laureate of England, was cremated yesterday at Qolder’s Green with such secrecy that even the closest friends of the family were unaware of it. The poet’s widow and daughter were among the few who were present. There were no flowers. He died Monday. H ORATORS PREPARE FOR ZONE FINALS Star Area Contest Will Be Held May B—National8 —National Meeting May 24. The Star area finals of the National Oratorical Contest to be held here May 8 will be followed by final competitions in five otper zones within little more than a week, it was announced today at contest headquarters in The Star Building. Three of the finalists in the contest for this zone remain to be chosen. They will represent the private and parochial, the Maryland and the Virginia .districts, in which eliminations will be held early next week. Others competing in the local finals will be representatives of each of the eight Washington high schools. Winners in the finals for the seven zones Jhto which the United States is divided will compose the contestants in the national contest to be held here May 24 and will be rewarded with a two-and-a-half-month tour of Europe this Summer, which will Include a visit ; to Oberammergau while the “Passion Play” is being staged. May 9 will witness competitions to determine representatives of the New England and Pacific Coast zones, the former to be held at Utica, N. Y., and the latter at Seattle, Wash. New England Contest. The New England contest covers all of New England, plus New York State outside of New York City. Seven ora . tors will speak. Judges include Dr. Al bert Bushnell Hart, prominent his torian, author, editor and professor of government at Harvard University: , United States Judge Hugh M. Morris of Delaware and Dr. Edward Frank Hum : phrey, professor of history and political sciences at Trinity College, Hartford, Conn. The following board of judges will select the champion of the Pacific Coast zone: Chief Justice Oliver P. , Coshow of the Supreme Court of Ore gon. Associate Justice William H. Fol land of the Supreme Court of Utah, Judge James Franklin Allshie, former chief justice of the Supreme Court of Idaho, and Dr. Alfred Atkinson, presi dent of the Montana State College. The zone includes, besides the actual , Pacific Coast, portions of the Rocky Mountain and Southwestern areas. As In the New England finals, seven orators , will compete. The three other contests, on May 16. are for the Central. New York-New ; Jersey and Southeastern-Central zones. In addition to the trip to Washlng , ton for the national contest, the win ner of the Central zone finals, to be held at Chicago, will receive a cash , award of SSOO donated by the Chicago Daily News, sponsor of the contest in that region. The New York-New Jersey finals will be held at the Town Hall, New York : City, under auspices of the New York Times, and is representative of the region compr sing Greater New York, Westchester, Long Island, and North ern New Jersey. John W. Davis to Preside. John W. Davis, former Ambassador to I the Court of St. James, and former 1 Democratic candidate for President, will preside and the following college presi dents will serve as judges: Mrs. Helen Taft Manning, acting president and t dean of Bym Mawr College; Dr. Clar ence A. Barbour of Brown University, [ Dr. George B. Cutten of Colgate Univer [ slty. Dr. Frederick C. Perry of Hamilton , College and Dr. James L. McConaughey of Wesleyan University, Middleton, Conn. The Southeastern-Central finals will > be held in Carnegie Hall, Pittsburgh, . Pa., with seven young orators compet t ing. 1 The board of judges which will select i the champion for the region is composed s of Dr. Frank B. Trotter of Morgantown, . W. Vg„ president of the University of . West Virginia: Dr. Charles Henry Am t bier, professor of history at the Uni versity of West Virginia, and Judge l Frank W. Nesbitt, attorney, of Wheeling. . w. va. > , - ... - I NEW BAKER MURDER CLUES RAISE HOPES ; OF ENDING MYSTERY t 1 (Continued From First Page.) i 1 of several of the suspects who were re . leased after questioning. i Lean Toward Thief Theory. While virtually all of the investigators * were at first inclined to believe that Miss Baker was murderer by a close acquaintance, some of them are now leaning strongly toward the theory that she was killed by a thief. It is their opinion that the woman surprised the thief while he was in the act of ransack ing her car at Seventeenth and B streets in the late afternoon of April 11: that he choked her into unconsciousness and carried. her into Arlington County, where ne criminally assaulted and shot her, disposing of the body in the culvert along Military road. Working on this theory, the bullets removed from the leg of a man shot recently by an automobile thief who was caught attempting to steal his car will be compared with the two bullets removed from the body of Miss Baker. Detectives claim that an analysis by experts at the Bureau of Standards will determine whether the bullets were fired from the same gun. The investigators, who still cling to the theory that Miss Baker was killed by a person known to her, point out that if a thief had committed the crime he would not have overlooked the coin purse in the woman’s pocketbook, which really was the only thing of ma terial value left in the car when it was abandoned. One of the two colored men in the Arlington County Jail con fessed to removing the coin purse. The motive for the crime, according to these officials, was to seal Miss Baker’s lips forever from involving him in a scandal. TRAINER’S LIFE SAVED BY HUGE CIRCUS LION Monarch Hurls Bulk Against Tiger When Man la Attacked and Gnawed at Rehearsal. By the Auoelated Press. KOKOMO, Ind., April 26.—Prince, giant lion and veteran circus trouper, saved the life of his trainer, who was attacked by a tiger here yesterday. Clyde Beatty, 25, of Chlllicothe, Ohio, said to be the youngest animal trainer in the profession, was conducting a dress rehearsal, preparing for the open ing show of the season here today, when Trudy, a new tiger, knocked him down, ripped open his side and bit his arm. The giant Prince, 1 of 32 lions and tigers in the cage with Beatty, hurled his huge bulk against the tiger, knock ing Trudy across the arena, where he beat and chewed the cat’s side. Beatty, whose arm was torn, suc ceeded in driving the animals from the cage before collapsing. Other trainers intervened to save Trudy’s life and Beatty was taken to a local hospital. Orange Scent Features Wedding. NEW YORK, April 26 (A*> —Scented orange blossoms and orange-scented candles are regarded as an artistic achievement by those who attended the wedding in the Church of the Heavenly Rest of Miss Carolyn Storrs and Daniel Edgar Stanton Sickles, grandson of the Union general. In Plane Crash flfH' ' v#w* Mgp|l ; ■■ HU / ml.™ HERBERT J. FAHY. iB ■ MRS. FAHY. FAHY BADLYHURT IN AIRPLANE CRASH Wife Escapes Injury—Opera tion May Be Performed to Save Flyer's Life. By the Associated Press. GRAYLING, Mich., April 26—Her bert J. Fahy, holder of the solo endur t ance flight record, was critically in ■ Jured late yesterday when the airplane 1 he was piloting turned over on the estate of Cliff Durant near Roscommon, Mich. His wife, a prominent West Coast ' aviatrix, was riding in the cabin, sep , arated by a compartment from her husband, and escaped injury. Fahy ' suffered a fractured skull and other i Injuries and an operation may be per formed in an effort to save hia life. Fahy, who established a record of 36 hours and 52 minutes solo flying near Los Angeles last May, is a salesman i for the Detroit Aircraft Corporation. He left Detroit with his wife two days > ago to attempt to sell Durant a plane. ; FAHY IS NATIVE WASHINGTONIAN. , Injured Flyer’s Mother Resides Here. Son Was D. C. Pupil. Herbert Fahy, who was injured criti cally when his plane crashed yesterday afternoon in Michigan, is a native of the National Capital. He established the first commercial aviation service here. Fahy’s mother, Mrs. Bertha A. Fahy, 4601 Ninth street, telephoned last night to the Michigan hospital to which her son and his wife, Mrs. Claire Adams Fahy, also well known as a pilot, were taken after the crash. Fahy was a student at the Grant School and other Washington public schools. His interest in aviation dates back to a visit he made with his par ents to Port Myer, Va., during the early demonstration flights of the Wright brothers. When the War Department purchased its first military plane from the Wright brothers and established the first Army flying field at College Park, Md„ young Fahy obtained employment in a nearby machine shop owned by an uncle. When the World War began, he en listed in the Army Aviation section of the Signal Corps and flew at practically every Army field in this country. After the war he cleared the site of the present Hoover Field at the south end of Highway Bridge and be gan the first “passenger hopping” serv ice in this part of the country. Fahy first came into national promi nence when he circled over the Lincoln Memorial while President Harding was dedicating the structure on Memorial day, 1922. Fahy’s commission in the Army Reserve was canceled as a result of this flight. International fame came to Fahy when on May 30, 1929, he established a new world solo endurance record of 36 hours 56 minutes and 36 seconds over Los Angeles. Fahy’s wife, the former Mrs. Claire M. Adams, was a congressional secre tary when he met her as an aviation student at Washington Airport. Fahy and his wife were visitors in the National Capital this week, making the flight here from Detroit, Mich., last Sunday in three hours so that Fahy might attend the wedding of his sister, Miss Margaret Fahy, last Sunday eve ning Fahy also has a brother, Francis L. Fahy, living in this city. newsprint Inquiry . NEARING COMPLETION Report Expected to Be Made to Congress Before Adjournment by Trade Commission. By the Associated Press. The year-old Federal Trade Commis sion investigation of the newsprint paper situation is so nearly complete that the commission now expects to make a report to Congress prior to ad journment this Summer. Compilation of the investigators’ data has advanced so that drafting of the report is to be begun shortly. The in quiry was ordered in a resolution by Senator Schall. Republican of Minne sota, which asked for determination of whether manufacturers and distributors of newsprint engaged in practices creat ing a monopoly in the supply of news print paper to publishers of small news papers. - ■ ■»' ■ »■«•—— . ■ - ■ --- Use Plane in Liquor War. MONTREAL, Quebec, April 26 OF Liquor smuggling along the lower St. Lawrence River and the gulf will be combated from the air after May 1, Quebec liquor commission announced yesterday. An air base for the liquor commission ’ police will be established at Rimouski < and a seaplane with a cruising range of < 500 miles has been leased by the com- < mission. ] *4 EIGHT BYRD MEN REACH NEW YORK, Antarctic Explorers Casual on Experience—Dog’s Sui cide Affirmed by Walden. Special Dispatch to The Star. NEW YORK. April 28—Six more men of the Byrd Expedition arrived here yesterday from the Antarctic Con tinent on the whaler C. A. Larsen, ; together with two others who helped ’ maintain the sea connection between Little America and New Zealand. The 8 brought the sleds and the 75 dogs that hauled the food and supplies of the explorers during their 14 months on the Ice. They reported that seven of the nine penguins which various public zoos had asked the Byrd Expedition by radio to bring back had died shortly after leav ing the Ice Barrier, and that the re maining two were dropped overboard while they were still in good condition at Stewart Island, but with very lttle hope that they could swim iack to a climate where they would survive. * It was not until they came ashore yesterday at Staten Island that the Antarctic expedition really came to an end for the returning group. The six who had previously spent 14 months in isolation together, including a long polar j night of inactivity, had spent 40 days more together on the whaler. Their demobilization yesterday seemed to leave them, like men returning from a war, I with little to say immediately. The only personal comment on the Antarctic was made by Arthur T. Wal den. chief dog driver. “There was nothing but snow and Ice," he said. "No mountains like Alaska—never again for me." To clear up the matter for his wife, Walden told again about the end of Chinook, the leader of the pack of Eski mo huskies which he had organized for the Bryd expedition, half out of his own kennel breed at Wonalancet, N. H., and half out of Labrador dogs. Mrs. Walden said she had always refused to believed the story sent by radio by Rus- < sell Owen that Chinook had walked off deliberately to die, and that she believed he merely fell into an ice hole, the way the members of the party were always doing. Tells of Chinook’s Death. “Chinook.” Walden said, “was downed by three of the other dogs the day before, and that means in a pack of husky dogs that he has lost his leadership. He was never off his feet in a dog fight before. As I told Russell, he figured it all out. He was all through. And he came to bid me good by, but I didn’t realize what he was doing until later. Then he walked off alone to find a place to die with his boots on. The moment he went the other dogs began a fight for the leader ship. Ballarat won, but he was so bad- ' ly hurt we had to shoot him. Alpin Is the leader now, but I think Chinook’s son, Kunokwin, will take it away from him. I dream of that dog yet. I can t get him out of my mind.” Half of the dogs will go back to Wano- j lancet with Walden, who, at the age of 59, will undertake the breeding of more prize dogs. The others will be kenneled temporarily by Norman D. Vaughan, one of the young dog drivers lust out of Harvard, who will take them to his home at Hamilton, Mass. The other dog driver who returned yesterday was his classmate, Edward Goodale of Boston. ... , . Goodale was welcomed quietly by hts father, Dr. Joseph M. Goodale, a phy- Si °His classmate and fellow dog driver, Vaughn, was met by his mother, who clung to him in a long, tearful embrace. George H. Black, a seaman and auto mechanic, who had previously been with Byrd’s North Pole expedition, greeted his wife with a,call of “Hello, Kate,” and a resounding kiss. Then they retired behind the tugboat smoke stack to talk. A similar conference occurred be tween Miss Eleanor McDonald and Clair D. Alexander, who was engaged to her when he went away to be supply officer of the Byrd base at Little America. The outcome was the announcement that the marriage would take place within a few days. Martin Ronne, the sixth of the men back from the ice ledge, stayed on the whaler, waiting for his son, who was to arrive later in the day. This is his fourth return from a polar expedition. Twice he was in the North with Amund sen. Once he went South with Amund sen on the Fram. The two other returning men who had gone back and forth through the , ice pack that incloses the Antarctic continent were Walter Leuthner and Dr. Vacloo Vojtech, a young Czecho slovak geologist, who went to Dunedin on his own initiative to beg a post do ing any kind of work for the Bryd ex pedition. He was put in charge of the penguins on the homeward trip. All in Good Condition. All eight were tanned and apparently in sound physical condition, with the self-possessed look of men who have ! grown used to danger. They all agreed the isolation and the silence of the polar night were harder to bear than the cold or physical hardship. The radio, which took the old-fash ioned triumph out of their home coming, served, on the other hand, according to Goodale, to defeat the sense of isolation and supply conversa tion. , * Walden looked at it differently. “I nate the radio,” he said, “but there was a library of 1,500 gdod books and that was what made the time pass.” To the discussion of the mental hardship of inclosing a small body of men on the ice 14 months Vaughn con tributed an enthusiastic praise of the leadership of Rear Admiral Byrd, to whom he attributed the emergence of the expedition from the Antarctic night without mental distortion. (Copyright. 1930 > ANNOUNCES* CANDIDACY Wealthy Farmland Owner to Seek Tennessee Senate Seat. NASHVILLE, Tenn., April 28 (IP). — Andrew L. Todd of Murfreesboro, wealthy farmland owner, last night an nounced his candidacy for the junior t United States Senate seat, now held by Senator William E. Brock of Chatta nooga. Mr. Todd will oppose Representative Cordell Hull of the fourth Tennessee congressional district in the August primary. BAND CONCEBT. By the United States Soldiers’ Home Band Orchestra, this evening, at Stan ley Hall, at 5:30 o’clock. John S. M. Zlmmermann, bandmaster; Anton Polnt ner, assistant leader. March, “L’Amour” Christine Overture, “Opere Bouffe” Finck Spanish suite, “Andalucia”. Mlramentes A castle in Spain. Merrymaking. Dulcinea dreams. Tale of the trouba dours. Scotch fantasia, “Songs of Scotland.” Lampe Fox trot, "Love Made a Gypsy Out of Me” Zlmmermann Walts suite, “The North Star.” Waldteufel Finale. “Bothered With Me”... .Simons . “The Star Spangled Banner.” This concert will conclude the series of indoor orchestral concerts for the season. « The outdoor military band concerts will be resumed on Tuesday evening, May 13, at the usual hour, 5:83 o’clock. Concerts will be given each Monday, Wednesday and Friday morning at g o’clock at the hospital bandstand and on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evening at 5:30 o’clock on the upper bandstand.