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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 27, 1930, Image 17

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WASHINGTON
EQUIPMENT TAKEN
IN NUMBERS GAME
RAID BY OFFICERS
Police Pass Through Maze of
Six Doors to Reach
“Headquarters.”
RUM SUSPECT HELD
AFTER WILD CHASE
Alexandria Men Pursued Through
Traffic at 60 Miles an Hour by
Sergt. little.
Having located what authorities de
scribe as a secret passageway Into “the
District’s largest numbers game head
quarters,” the police vice squad yester
day forced entrance through the first of
a series of six doors, succeeded In pass
ing the remaining barriers and raided
the place, located In the 1600 block of
Fourteenth street.
This was the start of a series of ac
tivities by the vice and liquor squads
which netted five prisoners, one taken
after a 60-mlle-an-hour chase through
traffic; 79 quarts of what they say Is
liquor, and a quantity of equipment
purported to be gaming paraphernalia,
including seven adding machines.
The vice squad arrested William
Shannon, 30, of the 2400 block of Thir
teenth street on a charge of permitting
gamlrig, in connection with the raid on
the Fdtarteenth street premises. Seven
employes of the establishment were, re
leased after being booked as witnesses.
Equipment Is Confiscated.
Learning of the location of the door
to the passageway to the place, vice
squad members went to the rear of a
store near the raided building and
forced their way through the door of a
small building in the rear yard. They
then made their way through a series
of halls to the second floor. There they
unlocked the sixth of the series of
doors, gave a password to the doorman
and were admitted.
Police say they confiscated consider
able gaming material, consisting of
"numbers slips” and also took posses
sion of the day’s receipts. The adding
machines were taken as evidence.
About the same time, Sergt. George
M Little’s liquor squad engaged in a
spirited chase, police reported, at 60
miles an hour, after an alleged rum
running car.
The driver of the car, who said he
was Mario Matters, 32, of Alexandria,
Va., was captured and taken to the
sixth precinct station where he was
booked on charges of transportation
and possession of liquor and speeding.
He later was released on bond of
$2,600.
The liquor squad picked up Matters’
trial In the 900 block of N street and
pursued him nearly a mile before his
car was stopped. As Sergt. Little
stepped out of the police machine to
search the other automobile, police re
port, Matters threw his car into gear
and sped away. He halted two blocks
away, however, and submitted to ar
rest.
Alleged Liquor Is Taken.
A search of the machine, police said,
disclosed 12 quarts of whisky in a suit
case in the rear compartment, 12 ad
ditional quarts in a box and one quart
of creme de menthe. Police later
searched a room on the second floor
of a Tenth street building where they
had been Informed Matters and a part
ner were storing liquor. There, they re
port, they found 31 more quarts of
assorted liquors. Police are on the
lookout for the second man.
Little’s squad also chased and
captured another machine suspected of
being engaged in rum running and con
fiscated what is described as three gal
lons of whisky in the car after the
colored driver jumped from the machine
and escaped. The abandoned car
traveled nearly a half block before it
came to a stop at Second and G streets.
Later in the day the vice squad ar
rested Julius Strange and Donald
Harley, both colored, in a raid on
premises in the first block of Pierce
street. They were charged with sale
and possession of four quarts of liquor.
In a raid in the 200 block of Seaton
court, the squad arrested Walter
Gorham, colored, on charges of sale
and possession of three quarts of
liquor.
Emma Smith, colored, was arrested
In a raid in the 1900 block of Lee court
on charges of sale and possession of
four quarts of liquor.
Four Others Taken.
Raiding a suspected speakeasy at 941
Grant place late yesterday, first pre
cinct police seized a wine still, a quan
tity of alleged whisky and wine and
arrested four persons.
Augustino Croci, 47, his wife, Teresa
Croci, 41, a son, Charles, 18, and
Nicholi Santini, 44, were charged with
sale and illegal possession, maintaining
a nuisance and illegal manufacture of
wine.
Precinct Detective Raymond B. Car
toll and Herbert G. Wannamaker and
Sergt. W. H. Carin obtained a search
warrant for the house after under
cover agents said they had purchased
a small quantity of wine earlier.
Posing as customers, the three offi
cers entered the house and rushed into
the basement where they said they
found a small still, and 159 one-half
gallon Jars of wine, 27 pints of wine,
a small quantity of whisky, and 10 bar
rels partially filled with wine.
Early last night the same officers ar
rested James M. Williams, 31, of 1252
Twelfth street; Richard Van Syckle, 56,
1340 Harvard street, and the latter’s
wife, Mrs. Lucille Van Syckle, 24, when
the trio arc said to have met the offi
cers on Fourteenth street and sold them
six pints of whisky for S3O.
William’s car was confiscated by the
police and the prisoners taken to No.
1 precinct where they were charged
with sale, transportation and illegal
possession.
Two other suspected bootleggers also
were tricked by the officers into meet
ing them and were arrested for il
legal possession, sale and transporta-
were Edward Blake, 39, of 3 lowa
Circle, and James L. Tarves, 42, of
1242 Columbia road. Three pints of
gin were taken in each case.

HUSBAND SHOOTS BRIDE
IN MISTAKE FOR YEGG
Woman Tiptoes Into Hall as
Spouse Goes for Revolver
and Is Fired Upon.
Br the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, April 26 Mrs. Philomena
Chiarenza thought she heard burglars
Wednesday night; roused her husband,
Matthew.
As he went for his revolver she tip
toed into the hall to investigate.
Matthew did not hear her leave the
room; saw a dim figure; fired.
x Mrs. Charenza—bride of five months—
Is in critical condition from the wound.
| Scientist Here | |
DR. ROBERT A. MILLIKAN.
—P. & A. Photo.
INSANITY MOUNTS,
SCIENTISTS TO HEAR
Threefold Increase in Gen
eration to Be Revealed by
Statistics at Session.
The United States seems to be getting
crazier.
Statistics showing a three-fold in
crease in insanity In a generation, ex
pressed in admissions to hospitals per
100,000 population, will be presented at
the first International Congress on
Mental Hygiene, which will be held here
May 5 to 10.
These will be based largely on a sur
vey of mental patients for 1926-27 just
issued by the Census Bureau. Only
64 per 100,000 were in insane hospitals
in 1880, the first year for which such
reports were available. At the begin
ning of 1928 there were 221 per 100,000.
A notable increase in recent years,
the statistics reveal, is due to cerebral
arteriosclerosis and this may indicate
that the American brain, geared to last
living and intensive economic pressure
such as the world never has known be
fore, may have started to collapse with
increasing pressure on weakening ar
teries. The rate of State hospital ad
missions for this disease went up 50
per cent in five years from 1922 to
1927. This is distinctly a disease of
civilization, many psychiatrists believe,
belonging to the same general pattern
as the heart and kidney diseases which
are becoming so prominent in mortality
statistics.
Appears in Middle Life.
Cerebral arteriosclerosis crops out
most frequently in middle life. It is
premature senility of the brain and its
symptoms are similar to those of the
mental breakdown of aged persons.
Alcoholic psychoses, sufflcently severe
to make hospital treatment necessary,
also increased nearly 50 per cent since
1922, but this, it is pointed out, may
be due to the effects of bad liquor on
the brain cells and is likely to disappear
when the drinking habits of the Amer
ican people are on a more stable basis.
The census statistics do not reveal
significant increases in five years in
such major psychotic conditions as de
mentia praecox, involution melancholia,
paranoia and manic depressive psy
choses which have been responsible for
the majority of Insane patients and all
of which have increased greatly since
1880.
Delegates from European countries,
it is expected, will present statistics
showing a similar trend in their popu
lations, all possibly overloaded from the
after effects of the war which largely
will disappear with the present gen
eration.
“Queer” Persons Now Taken In.
The situation may not be so alarming
as appears on the face of the statistics
it was pointed out at St. Elizabeth’s
Hospital, whose superintendent, Dr. Wil
liam A. White, is president of the con
gress. At least part of the Increase, St.
Elizabeth’s psychiatrists believe, is due
to the fact that “queer” persons who
were tolerated and considered harmless
in a less strenuous age now are placed
In mental hospitals.
The village fool, whose antics used to
provide so much amusement for the
gang on the corner, and who was able
to take care of himself in a rural en
vironment, is becoming a thing of the
past with the gradual passing of the
village. Besides more criminals now are
being declared insane.
The congress will consider especially
the ney major economic problem afford
ed by increasing Insanity which is held
paramount to that of increasing crime.
St. Elizabeth’s Hospital alone, It was
said by Dr. H. C. Wooley, clinical di
rector, has approximately 1,000 patients
beyond the capacity for which it was
intended and similar reports are made
by most State hospitals.
Hospital Cost Increases.
The cost of the 156 hospitals covered
In the census report was $91,343,752 In
1927, compared with $75,154,424 in 1922.
At the beginning of 1928 there were
294,075 insane patients in these hos
pitals. New York State alone spends
approximately $20,000,000 a year on its
insane and Its hospitals are now over
crowded. According to preliminary an
nouncements of the Congress, there now
are more hospital beds occupied by in
sane patients than by victims of all
other maladies combined.
The effect of prohibition on the in
sanity situation is admitted by the Cen
sus Bureau in its explanation of the
alcoholic psychoses statistics. “These
increases in most parts of the country
show,” the report says, "that in spite of
the national prohibition law there has
apparently been during the last few
years an Increasing prevalence of al
coholism. It must be recognized that
the first admission rate largely is Influ
enced by other factors as well as the
quantity of alcoholic liquor consumed.
An especially important factor is the
quality, and there has been a deteriora
tion in the quality of the liquor which
has been available In recent years. It is
probable that the increase in the first
admissions having alcoholic psychoses
is due largely to the increased consump
tion of inferior liquors. Occasional ex
cessive drinking brings many cases to
the hospitals."
Committee for Congress.
The following local committee for the
world congress was announced yester
day: Frederic A. Delano, chairman;
i Mrs. Anne Archbold, Dr. Frank W.
Ballou, Dr. H. E. Barnard, H. Edmund
Bullls, Princess Cantacuzlne, Mrs. E.
Crane Chadboume, Dr. William J.
Cooper, Dr. Hugh S. dimming, Mrs.
Alvin E. Dodd, Mrs. Corcoran Eustts,
Robert V. Fleming, Dr, John Foote,
i Admiral Cary T. Grayson, Dr. Gilbert
H. Grosvenor, Mrs. Archibald Hopkins,
Maj. Gen. Merritt* W. Ireland, Dr.
. Vernon L. Kellogg, Col. J. Miller
Kenyon. Mrs. Nicholas Longworth, Dr.
. Cloyd Heck Marvin, Mrs. Ruth Hanna
McCormick, Dr. John C. Merriam, Mrs.
Eugene Meyer, Rev. WlUiam C. Nevils,
. John Barton Payne, Poole, Dr.
©he fjunflan gstaf
IWORLDOF SCIENCE
WILL CENTER HERE
DURINGFORTNICHT
Seven Important Conferences
Are Planned, to Cover
Wide Range.
BIOLOGICAL MYSTERIES
OF LIFE TO BE STUDIED
Dr. Millikan to Discuss Cosmic
Bays, Which May Tell Story
of Earth’s Creation.
For the next two weeks Washington
will be the center of the world of
science.
An unusual number of first announce
ments of important scientific discoveries
will be made at the three-day session
of the National Academy of Sciences,
the senate of American science, which
opens tomorrow.
The first session will be devoted to
the biological mysteries of the nervous
system which underlie the whole sub
ject of human life and behavior. Francis
G. Benedict of the Carnegie Institution
of Washington will explain why think
ing is hard work and people get tired
without moving a muscle. Simon Flex
ner of the Rockefeller Institute will out
line recent research work on the effects
on the human nervous system of the
filterable viruses, the smallest known
forms of life, which are responsible for
such diseases as infantile paralysis and
the dreaded parrot fever. Other
speakers will discuss the queer be
havior of the tubercle bacillus, the ar
chitecture of living cells, the hearing
of fishes, the nervous mechanism re
sponsible for hearing, and electrical re
actions in cells which probably are re
sponsible for life.
Rays May Explain Creation.
On Tuesday Dr. Robert A. Millikan
and I. S. Bowen of the California In
stitute of Technology will discuss the
significance of recent cosmic ray experi
ments. These rays are the mysterious
extremely short waves from outer space
which are continually bombarding the
surface of the earth and will go through
a foot of solid lead, the existence of
which was discovered by Dr. Millikan.
They may tell the story of the creation
and disintegration of matter through
out the universe. Richard C. Tolman of
the same institution will describe the
effect of the annihilation of matter on
the wave length of light coming count
less millions of miles through space
from the spiral nebulae.
More light on the deductions to be
drawn from the celebrated Michelson-
Morley experiment on the speed of light
in relation to the movement of the
earth through space, upon which is
based the Einstein theory of relatively,
will be given by Dr. Charles E. St. John
of the Mount Wilson Observatory of
the Carnegie Institution.
Tuesday afternoon members of the
academy will turn their attention to the
new planet Just discovered beyond Nep
tune and the indication of other planets
from the irregularities In the orbit of
Uranus which must be caused by the
gravitational pull of bodies further in
space. Other speakers will range mil
lions of years into the past when iron
deposits were laid down by tiny bac
teria, when giant creatures related to
the modern rhinoceri roamed the earth
and when strange, mollusk-like crea
tures crawled on Cambrian beaches.
The academy meetings will be fol
lowed at once by those of the American
Geophysical Union, composed of geo
physicists, meteorologists and oceanog
raphers. The report of the committee
of the meteorological section for the
study of the effects of solar radiation on
the earth’s weather will be presented by
Dr. H. H. Kimball of the Weather Bu
reau. Prof. C. F. Marvin, chief of the
bureau, will discuss the week as the
unit of time. In the geodesy section
Dr. Paul D. Heyl of the Bureau of
Standards, who has been engaged for
several years in an effort to obtain a
more accurate weight of the earth by
a gravitation measurement in an un
derground chamber, will describe the
progress of the work. Tides raised on
the surface of the earth will be dis
cussed by Harlan T. Stetson and
methods of precise measurement of time,
such as are necessary in scientific ex
periments, by Alfred L. Loomis.
Sea Mysteries Revealed.
Unsolved mysteries of the depths of
the sea will be discussed by the section
on oceanography, C. S. Kempff will
tell the scientists of the Navy’s project
to chart the bottoms of the great oceans
by echo sounders. The program of in
ematlonal polar research, planned for
the year 1932-33, will be described by
H. U. Sverdrup, and there will be re
ports of the voyage of the ill-fated, non
magnetic ship, Carnegie, of the Carnegie
Institution of Washington, destroyed by
an explosion in Samoa last year.
The Geophysical Union meetings will
be followed next week by those of the
American Meteorological Society at the
Weather Bureau.
The scientific meetings will be con
tinued during the week by the In
ternational Congress on Mental Hygiene,
the American Psychiatric Society, the
American Society for Study of the
Feeble Minded and the Seismological
Society of America. The first three,
holding joint meetings through the
week, will bring to Washington several
thousand delegates from all over the
world. The Seismological Society of
America, concerned with the study of
earthquake phenomena, will meet Mon
day and Tuesday at the Bureau of
i ndards and Georgetown University.
JUNIOR LEAGUE ELECTS
MRS. CHASE PRESIDENT
Others Chosen at Annual Meeting,
but Duties Will Not Begin
Actively Until Autumn.
The Junior League of Washington
held its annual elections Friday in the
Junior League club rooms at 1900 Q
street, when Mrs. Howland Chase, 3rd,
former first vice president, succeeded
Mrs. Sydney Thomas as president.
Mrs. Cary Travers Grayson, wife of
Rear Admiral Grayson, U. S. N., was
elected first vice president; Miss Anna
Carter Greene, second vice president;
Miss Sallie Hews Phillips, recording
secretary; Miss Ellse H. Alexander, cor
responding secretary, and Miss Kath
arine Dunlop, treasurer.
The new officers of the league will
not begin to actively function until the
return of society in the Autumn, and
Mrs. Thomas will carry on with the
season's program, which is practically
closed.
Luther H. Relchelderfer, Admiral
Charles E. Riggs, Dr. L. S. Rowe, Mrs.
Elmer Schlesinger, Rev. Dr. Anson
Phelps Stokes, Frederick C. Walcott, Dr.
and Mrs. Ray Lyman Wilbur.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 27, 1930.
LIQUID EARTH-CENTER 2,000
MILES BELOW SURFACE PICTURED
Florida Scientist Denies Conception of
Geologists That Center
Is Solid Iron.
BY THOMAS R. HENRY.
A liquid earth-center 2,000 miles be
low the surface, at a temperature ap
proaching 60,000 degrees centrigrade
and more than half of which is com
posed of oxygen, was pictured before
the American Physical Society meeting
here yesterday by Dr. A. A. Bless of
the University of Florida.
Bless denied the commonly held con
ception of geologists that the earth’s
center Is solid iron. The actual mass
of the earth as determined by gravity
measurements, he expained, is much
greater than would be the case if it
was composed entirely of the same ele
ments that make up its crust in ap
proximately the same proportion. This
has led to the iron-heart theory, since
a nucleus of solid iron at the center
would give the required weight.
Dr. Bless insisted that the same extra
weight would be provided by the action
of intense heat on the atoms of the
common elements of the earth’s surface.
By a temperature of 60,000 degrees they
would be Intensely excited, collide with
each other at high velocities, and be
come “ironized” by knocking off each
other’s electrons. Hence, the atoms
would be packed closer together, since
much of the bulk of matter Is due to
the spaces between electrons, and there
would be a sufficient increase in weight
to account for the weight of the world.
Iron Theory Impossible.
The “iron-heart” theory holds that
during the millions of years while the
earth was cooling from a gas to a solid
mass, the iron, being the heaviest ele
ment, naturally sank to the center,
leaving very little mixed in the outer
crust. This is impossible, Bless con
tends, because if iron acted like that
in very hot bodies all the iron In the
sun would sink to the center. It is
generally admitted, he said, that in the
beginning the earth was torn from the
sun in a gigantic tide raised on the
sun’s surface by the passing of another
star. Then the earth would be com
posed of the same materials which now
can be detected by the spectroscope in
the outer layer of the sun and very
little iron would be found.
Actually, he insisted, the amount of
iron detected in the sun is about in
the same proportion to other elements
as it is found on the earth’s surface.
There is not enough to account for
the vastly additional amount necessary
for an iron center. Bless also insisted
that while the heavy iron was supposed
to be sinking, the elements heavier
than iron would sink also. These in
clude the radio-active elements, radium
and uranium. It now Is generally ad
mitted that they are confined to the
crust. If they were concentrated at
the center, he said, they would generate
ACTION ON DISTRICT
MEASURES ASKED
Hearings on Taxi Regulation
and Education Board
Bills Slated.
The Senate District committee will
be asked during this week to take action
on four measures on which hearings
have already been held, and will also
hold hearings on two additional bills.
On Tuesday afternoon at 2 o’clock
the committee will consider the bill to
enlarge the powers of the Public Utility
Commission to regulate the taxicab
business, on which various taxicab
groups have asked to be heard.
The Capper bill to provide for election
of the Board of Education by the people
of the District will be taken up at a
public hearing at 2 o’clock Friday
afternoon.
The measures on which arguments
have been heard, and which Chairman
Capper plans to lay before the com
mittee for decisions during the week
are: The bill limiting the power of the
District Supreme Court in reviewing
decisions of the utilities commission, the
street railway merger resolution, the
proposed loan for devlopment of the
Municipal Center and the Howell
prohibition enforcement bill.
The Senate appropriations committee
is expected to meet in executive ses
sion tomorrow morning to consider the
District appropriation bill, on which
the District subcommittee, headed by
Chairman Bingham of Connecticut, has
been at work for several weeks.
GOV. RITCHIE GETS
BID TO SHAD BAKE
Members of District Committee and
City Heads Also
Invited.
Gov. Albert C. Ritchie of Maryland,
members of the House and Senate Dis
trict committees and District and
Baltimore municipal officials have been
invited to attend the anual shad bake
of the Washington Board of Trade
May 24 at Sherwood Forest.
Among those to whom invitations
have been issued are the three District
Commissioners, the three assistant engi
neer commissioners and Mayor Broen
ing of Baltimore.
Arrangements for the affair are go
ing rapidly forward under the direction
of Herman Carl, chairman of the shad
bake committee, and an elaborate pro
gram of entertainment is being sched
uled. Transportation to Sherwood
Forest will be by automobile and bus.
Each person attending the shad
bake will be presented with 35 souve
nlers, donated by manufacturers and
merchants.
CONFEREES TO RESUME
RETIREMENT PARLEYS
Senate and House Members Seek
to Adjust Differences Over
Civil Service Bill.
Senate and House conferees on the
civil service retirement bill are expected
to meet this week in another effort to
adjust the differences in the form in
which the measure passed the two
branches of Congress.
Senate members of the conference
have held a number of Informal ses
sions In the last two weeks to study the
new plan of retirement embodied in
the House amendments, but Indications
are that this week they will resume dis
cussion of the question with the spokes
men for the House. No intimation has
been given, however, as to the probable
outcome of the confidences.
such heat that the earth never would
haws cooled to a solid.
Investigations of earthquake waves,
he insisted, indicate that below approxi
mately 2,500 miles the earth’s substance
becomes liquid in a highly compressed
state. He pointed out that the tem
perature becomes progressively higher
as one goes toward the center. If this
continues all the way at the same rate
a temperature of 60,000 degrees would
be obtained 2,000 miles below the sur
face. At a comparatively short dis
tance, he said, the temperature would
become so high that molecules, chemi
cal combinations of atoms of various
elements, would be decomposed, release
gasses, and that at the end the atoms
themselves could not remain stable in
the intense furnace.
Under this theory, he said, the earth
center would contain about 55 per cent
of oxygen, in keeping with the amount
of this element that would have been
contained in the material torn loose
from the sun, judging from the present
composition of the sun’s outer layers.
The ionized elements, he pointed out,
would weigh approximately 15 grams
a cubic centimeter compared with a
weight of 3.2 grams a cubic centimeter
on the surface.
Composition Unrevealed.
Dr. L. H. Adaifis of the Geophysical
Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution
of Washington insisted that spectro
scopic analysis of the composition of
the sun did not penetrate sufficiently
below the surface to reveal what was
the original composition of the earth.
He said that the highest temperature
possible for the earth’s center under
the stellar tide hypothesis was only
about 20,000 degrees, and those esti
mates placed It at very much less.
By means of electrical discharges
equivalent to weak lightning discharges
in gasses he has produced a physical
condition which seems to approach
that of the Interior of stars, Dr. E. O.
Hulburt of the Naval Research Lab
oratory told the physicists. Ordinarily
the atoms of gasses excited by electric
ity produce light. This is because the
valence electrons, or odd electrons in
the outer shells of the atoms, are agi
tated by the discharge. The light from
each element produces a different
spectrum.
Hulburt produced discharges of
15,000 volts in hydrogen, helium, oxy
gen and nitrogen and instead of differ
ent spectra for each element obtained
only a single continuous spectrum for
all of them. At the intense heat of
the interior of a star it is believed that
all elements are stripped of their un
balanced outer electrons which pro
duce their characteristic light, so that
there would be no difference in their
spectrums.
EXTENSION OF LIFE
OF MARKET SEEN
Moore Believes It Will Be
Open “for Some Time”
After January 1.
Confidence that the Center Market
will be allowed to continue in opera
tion "for some time” after January 1,
1931, is expressed by Representative R.
Walton Moore of Virginia, as a result
of whose Insistence the decision was
reached to have it remain open until
the site it occupies is needed for the
Federal building program.
Representative Moore emphasizes that
it is to the financial interest of the
Government to keep the market going
as long as possible, because the revenue
from its operation exceeds the cost of
maintenance. He points out that the
President already has recommended an
appropriation to continue it until the
first mentioned date, and if the land
Is not needed by the Government for
new construction purposes on that date,
there will be no difficulty In securing
an additional appropriation in the first
deficiency bill next December.
Some time ago, the Senate passed a
resolution peremptorily ordering the re
moval of the market by July 1. This
resolution was referred to and reported
by the House District committee, but
at the suggestion of Mr. Moore, it was
re-referred to the committee and the
committee now is asked to amend it so
as to provide that the market shall not
be discontinued until it is definitely de
termined when the land will be needed,
and then only after 90 days’ notice.
It is, of course, obvious that In view
of the value of the market to con
sumers of the District, it should not be
abandoned until there is a real neces
sity.
WOMAN IS BEATEN
BY COLORED MAN
Alleged Counterfeit Dime Refused
in Deal for Tobacco, Mrs.
Pecker Tells Police.
Attacked by a colored man when she
refused to accept an alleged counter
feit dime in payment for a plug of
chewing tobacco, Mrs. Nettle Pecker,
42-year-old storekeeper of 49 G street
southwest, suffered the loss of two teeth,
bruises of the face and cuts about the
left arm yesterday afternoon.
Mrs. Pecker was treated at Emergency
Hospital by Dr. F. G. Pfanner and re
turned to her store when physicians
Pronounced her condition not serious.
The woman told fourth precinct
police investigating the case that the
man became enraged when she turned
down the dime he gave her after buying
the tobacco, and struck her several
times with his fists, and then ran from
the store. A police lookout was flashed
to all tbe precincts giving the man’s
name and description.
PLANS MEDICAL COURSE
Miss Florence Brookhart, Daughter
of Senator, to Enter School.
Miss Florence H. Brookhart, daughter
of Senator and Mrs. Smith W. Brook
hart of lowa, is preparing to enter the
medical school of George Washington
University this year.
Miss Brookhart, who has been taking
a pre-medical course at the university,
has received notice that she has quali
fied for entrance to the medical school.
When she graduated from high school
at Washington, lowa, in 1927, Miss
Brookhart was one of the 10 honor stu
dents of her class.
PROGRAM FOR YEAR
TO BE CONSIDERED
BY BOARD OF TRADE
Dinner Meeting Tomorrow
Will Be Devoted to Plans
for Capital.
ZEPPELIN TERMINAL
IS AMONG PROJECTS
Municipal Airport, Representation
and Bridge Replacements Are
Among Proposals.
Projects of vital interest to the Dis
trict in almost every phase of its life
will be considered and plans for their
furtherance discussed by committee
chairmen, officers and directors of the
Washington Board of Trade at a din
ner meeting in the Willard Hotel to
morrow evening at 6 o’clock.
The meeting was called by President
George Plitt to map out a schedule of
the board’s activities during the year
1930-1931. The trade body’s admin
istrative year ended two weeks ago,
when a new president and board of di
rectors were elected and committee
chairmen appointed.
Suggestions for consideration by the
committees have been listed and will
be presented to the organization’s offi
cials tomorrow evening. These will
form nuclei around which more de
tailed programs of activity will be
formulated.
Platform Is Outlined.
The list of suggestions embodies what
might be called the platform on which
the trade body stands.
With few exceptions, this platform is
a reiteration of the Board of Trade’s
position in the past on public questions,
and includes the following projects:
Americanization school work.
Consideration of the alleged existence
of Communistic teachings in local
schools.
A municipal airport.
A Zeppelin terminal near Washing
ton.
Encouragement of the Model Airplane
Club and the scientific study of aero
nautics.
The bringing here for 1932 of the
national air races, the National Aero
nautical Association convention and the
International Air Exposition.
One bridge replacement annually.
Study of Community Chest problems.
An analytical survey of illiteracy and
degrees of illiteracy among white and
colored people in the Capital and a
comparison of the intelligence of the
local population.
Study of local delinquency and estab
lishment of a special court to handle
delinquents in place of passing them
through the Police Court as at present.
Ask Memorial Stadium.
The location in Washington of the
Roosevelt Memorial in the form of a
stadium or coliseum.
A satisfactory celebration of George
Washington's birthday in 1932 so that
the people of Washington will be pro
tected from serious financial reverses
which might be incident to a badly
planned affair.
Promotion of the “Buy in Washington
Campaign.”
A satisfactory smoke nuisance law.
Needed improvements in the work
men’s compensation code.
A survey of the fire hazards in Wash
ington as compared with those in other
cities.
An insurance code for the District.
A real estate license law.
A mortgage foreclosure law.
A suitable armory for the District.
Encouragement of the development
of Washington as the most beautiful
capital in the world.
Improvement of the approach to Key
Bridge.
Study of the present trend of estab
lishing a loan indebtedness for the Dis
trict, particularly with regard to the
Municipal Center financing.
The Moore bill providing for a com
mission to study fiscal relations be
tween the Federal and District gov
ernments.
A long-term budget of needed items
for the District.
Want National Representation.
National representation for the peo
ple of the District.
Adequate appropriation for the parks
of the National Capital as embodied in
the Cramton bill.
Formulation of some plan for the
proper development of the north side
of Pennsylvania avenue, so as not to
be out of harmony with the Federal
buildings on the south side.
Licensing of all types of medical
practitioners.
The enlargement of Gallinger Hos
pital and the study of the question of
commitment of insane persons.
A thorough investigation of the
burden on the District Imposed by the
commitment of insane persons to St.
Elizabeth’s Hospital, who come to
Washington from all parts of the
country.
A survey of the cost of hospitalization
to persons of moderate means.
Prevention of the use locally of in
flammable X-ray films.
A 5-year library building program.
A larger police force.
Increased salaries for policemen.
SCOUTS DISAPPEAR
Two Boys Unheard From After
Leaving for Camp.
Packing their camping equipment and
setting out for a Boy Scout camp on
Riggs road, James Prudhomme, 13 years
old, and his brother, Tom, 10, left their
home at 4213 Seventh street at noon
yesterday and have not been heard from
since.
Police of the District, Maryland and
Virginia were brought into a hunt for
the two youngsters last night when the
boys failed to put in an appearance at
the camp.
The boys have had considerable ex
perience in camping out, their mother
told police, and had remarked several
times recently that they would like to
go to North Carolina to camp.
HEARINGS TO CONTINUE
Small Loans Bill Testimony by Op
position to Be “Interesting."
Hearings are to continue tomorrow
before the judiciary subcommittee of the
House District committee on the small
loans bill, sponsored by the Russell Sage
Foundation, which proposes to legalize
a rate of 3Vi per cent a month on loans
up to S3OO.
Representative Lam pert of Wisconsin
asked for a special hearing tomorrow for
the opposition and promised that he
would nuster soma “very interesting
witnesses^
GENERAL NEWS
Blossom Princess
SmmkScT
PPM p* • Vs ■'■'<•■ yiPi
M Jlgp II f& s 1
* MISS HANNAH ANDERSON,
5508 Broad Branch road, photographed
at the Shenandoah Valley Apple Blos
som Festival, where she represented the
District of Columbia.—Star Staff Photo.
" "■" ■"■ 1
VICTIMS OF AUTOS
INCLUDE VISITORS
Frank J. Stillman of California
Unconscious in Hospital
Soon After Arrival.
Frank J. Stillman, who was struck
by an automobile at Connecticut ave
nue and Q street at noon yesterday,
was still unconscious at Emergency
Hospital last night and little hope is
held for his recovery.
Mr. Stillman arrived in Washington
from his home In Glendale, Calif., only
a few hours before the accident. He
called on relatives at the Highland
Apartments, Connecticut avenue and
California street, and shortly afterward,
while attempting to cross the Q street
Intersection he was hit by an auto
mobile, said to have been driven by
George Elefsaldes, 21 years old, of 1415
S street. The driver was arrested and
is held by police pending the outcome
of Mr. Stillman’s injuries.
Three other accidents were reported
to police during the last 24 hours.
Howard Quade, 9 years old, of 635
Eighth street northeast, escaped serious
Injury when an automobile driven by
Wiliam J. Long of 1505 Gales street
northeast, ran him down at Eighth
and H streets northeast. He was taken
to Casualty Hospital and later dis
charged.
Miss Elizabeth McGarry, 23 years old,
of 5908 Fourth street was struck by a
taxicab driven by Eugene F. Snaken
bury of Clarendon, Va., on Fifteenth
street, near H street. She was taken
to Emergency Hospital.
A 3-year-old colored boy, Wilbert
Tilghman of 115 Fifteenth street north
east, was reported in an undetermined
condition at Casualty Hospital after
being struck by an automobile operated
by Joseph M. Kober, 38, of 1408 C
street northeast. The accident oc
curred in the 1300 block of B street
1 northeast.
REICHELDERFER PLEDGES
BEST SERVICES TO CITY
Commissioner Delivers Brief Ad
dress as Honor Guest of
G. W. Alumni.
Dr. Luther H. Reichelderfer, presi
dent of the Board of Commissioners,
pledged his best services to the people
of the District, whom he said are so
situated that they “can neither hire
nor fire” their Commissioners, in a brief
address to the General Alumni Associ
ation of George Washington University,
whose honor guest he was at luncheon
In the La Fayette Hotel yesterday.
Commenting upon the new position
he holds, Dr. Reichelderfer declared
that the very fact District citizens have
no voice in the Commissioner’s selec
tion makes him and his associates on
the board more appreciative of the re
sponsibilities borne by the offices they
hold. He asserted that for the present
his slogan will be “stop, look and listen”
In the administration of his official
duties. In the same talk, the Commis
sioner expressed pride in his associa
tion with George Washington Univer
sity. which he attended more than 30
years ago.
Besides Dr. Reichelderfer, Dr. John
A. Foote, president of the District Medi
cal Society, and Dr. Courson B. Conk
lin, secretary of the society, also were
guests of the alumni association. The
guests were presented by Dr. Oscar Ben
wood Hunter, president of the general
alumni association.
TACOMA BUSINESS MEN
HERE FOR C. OF C. SESSION
Party la Making Good-Will Tour
of TJ. S. and Will Visit 19
Cities.
Making a good-will tour of the
United States, 40 prominent business
men of Tacoma, Wash., are arriving
here today to attend the annual con
vention of the United States Chamber
of Commerce.
The party is to visit 19 of the lead
ing cities and will talk with various
members of Congress while here in the
interest of securing Federal aid for
their State projects. They will also
seek to Interest people in the oppor
tunities in that section of the country.
The party arrives at 8:15 this morn
ing and gives a breakfast to the Wash
ington delegation in Congress and other
guests. On Tuesday evening they will
give a banquet at the Willard Hotel.
F. C. Brewer, president of the Tacoma
Chamber of Commerce, and 8. A. Per
kins, former Republican national com
mitteeman from that State; John S.
Baker, Tacoma capitalist and chair
man of the board of the Tacoma-
Oriental Steamship Co., are in charge
of the party. They wilLbe received by
President Hoover Wednesday.
PAGE B-1
aOD AUTOS ENTER
BUSINESS SECTION.
SURVEY REVEALS
Schoolboy Patrol Measures
Traffic for Parking Com
mittee.
EXPERT WILL ANALYZE
RESULTS OF RESEARCH
Col. Grant Heads Group Formed
to Solve Downtown Terminal
Facilities Problem.
More than 9,000 passenger auto
mobiles enter the downtown business
section at Pennsylvania avenue and
Sixth street from 8 am. to 6 p.m., ac
cording to a count made by members
of the schoolboy patrol for the auto
mobile parking committee, which is
making a study of the relation of
traffic conditions and business.
Figures gathered Thursday revealed
that during the hour of maximum con
gestion at this point, between 8:30 and
9:30 a.m., more than 1,500 automobiles
passed the intersection. The afternoon
peak was reached between 4:30 and
5:30 o’clock, when it was found that
1,160 cars passed the location.
These preliminary figures were made
public last night by Charles W. Eliot,
2d, city planner of the National Capi
tal Park and Planning Commission
and vice chairman of the joint parking
committee, which is headed by Lieut.
Col. U. S. Grant, 3d, director of public
buildings and public parks.
7,200 Used One Thoroughfare.
In a count of the heavy traffic on
Sixteenth street it was found that more
than 3,000 outbound cars used this
thoroughfare during the day, while the
inbound cars numbered 4,200.
This count was made as part of a
general study being conducted by the
automobile parking committee, seeking
to arrive at a solution of the terminal
facilities problem in the downtown
business district.
This data, gleaned at 54 Intersections
of the city, through the co-operation of
the American Automobile Association,
the metropolitan and park police forces
and the schoolboy patrols, will be ana
lyzed by Dr. Miller McClintock of the
Erskine Bureau for Traffic Research,
Harvard University. Dr. McClintock
and Mr. Eliot are enthusiastic over the
work done by the schoolboys.
Study Fund Being Raised. ,
The automobile parking committee
is seeking to ascertain how many peo
ple go in and out of the business dis
trict in a normal business day. The
methods of transportation by which
these people get in and out of this
area are likewise the subject of inquiry
by the committee. This body, of which
Col. Grant is chairman, includes rep
resentatives of the District Commis
sioners, the National Park and Plan
ning Commission, the chief co-ordina
tor, the Traffic Council, the Merchants
and Manufacturers Association, the
Board of Trade, the Chamber of Com
merce and other interested agencies.
These trade organizations are now en
gaged in raising a fund of $5,000 to
finance the studies.
NEIGHBORHOODHOUSE
WILL HOLD FESTIVAL
Floral Procession and Coronation
of Hay Queen Will Be
Features.
The twenty-eighth annual Spring
festival of Neighborhood House clubs,
attended by a floral procession and
coronation of a May queen, with 200
costumed children participating, will
be held at the Neighborhood House, 470
N street southwest, on May 1, 2 and 8.
The feature of the festival, the
crowning of the May queen, will be held
on Saturday, when a processional
march and folk dance presentations
will conclude the festivities.
On Thursday and Friday afternoons
a series of juvenile plays and panto
mines will be presented, including such
childhood fantasies as the Monkeys and
Their Red Caps, Belling the Cat and
the Three Little Pigs.
On Thursday, Friday and Saturday
evenings a varied dramatic program
will be offered, including the Shepherd,
a pastoral musical play, by the Girls*
Club and “Seven Come Eleven,” a min
strel show, by the Boys’ Club.
Booths, stage effects and carnival
costumes have been arranged through
co-operation of neighborhood parents.
Proceeds of the carnival will be ex
pended in furthering the community
welfare work of Neighborhood House.
SHORT GAS MEASURES
BRING FINES TO THREE
Filling: Station Employes Assessed
S2OO, SIOO and SIOO, Respective
ly, on Inspector’s Evidence.
One gasoline filling station employe
was sentenced to pay S2OO or serve
120 days when arraigned in Police
Court yesterday on two charges of giv
ing short measure of gasoline to a mo
torist, while two others were given
fines of SIOO in lieu of which they are
to lose 60 days’ freedom each for the
same offense.
Police arrested Paul J. Craven of a
Lord Baltimore station on Eleventh
street near New York avenue on the
complaint of Inspector A. J. Carrico
that he had purchased gasoline that
tested short of the amount for which
he paid. Once, Carrice stated, he
bought five gallons of gas which was
120 ounces short, and on another oc
casion the same amount ordered proved
to be 80 ounces less than standard.
H. N. Lear, employe of a Lord Balti
more station at 3313 M street, was fined
SIOO after he was alleged to have given
a measure 102 ounces short, while
Roger Herow, employed at the same
station, failed to give Mrs. Florence
Vanderhoof 29 ounces for which she
had paid. He received a similar line.
SLASHED IN HOLD-UP
E. Nos Comeau Says Ons of Two
Colored Men Used Razor.
SlasMed on the left wrist with a
razor by one of two colored men when
he resisted an attempted hold-up last
night in the Capitol grounds, near
Peace Monument, E. Nos Comeau, 40
years old, 1706 F street, escaped as the
colored men fled without taking any
of his money.
Comeau was treated at Emergency -
Hospital. 7

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