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TO START SUNDAY 60,000 Installations Declared Made in Three Central Offices. Dial telephones will be placed in Operation in Washington after midnight next Sunday morning. Officials of the Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone j Co. last night said that the innovation In the District, Metropolitan and Na tional central offices would affect about 60,000 of the 161,250 telephones now serving Washington. The dial system installation, includ ing land, building and equipment, has Involved expenditures of about $4,150,- 000. The central office equipment if located in the new seven-story building • erected for the purpose at 730 Twelfth street. This building was designed especially for dial equipment and will ultimately take care of three additional dial system central offices. Telephones operated in the downtown central offices will be changed to dial operation with the exception of about 3.000 public coin box and party line telephones, which will continue manual operation on the Franklin switchboard for about two months. Subscribers Instructed Personally. Telephone subscribers have been in structed in the use of the dial system by specially trained employes, who vis. lted business offices and homes in which dial telephones are located. In each case a booklet giving full details on dial operation was left with sub scribers. Similar information will also be found in the Telephone Directory. In emergencies, telephone users are instructed to dial National 0020 for th" fire department. National 4000 for the police and "zero” for the operator, who will assist in completing calls where difficulty is experienced or when calls are made to suburban points. For long distance they will dial 211, information 411 and repair service or for reporting a telephone out of order, 611. Manual switchboards now serving the District, Metropolitan and National cen tral offices require the services of 440 operators. Notwithstanding the seem ingly prevailing idea of the public, tele phone operators will be required in cer tain phases of the new system. The dial “A" board, where the "zero" op erators will assist inexperienced dial telephone users in making calls and from which calls will be completed to Maryland and Virginia suburban points, and as well, out-of-town station-to station calls and the dial cordless "B” board, where incoming calls from man ual offices are completed, will require the services of about 200 operators. In addition. 100 operators will be required for the operation of the Franklin switchboard serving the public coin box and party line and official private branch exchange telephones. The re maining 150 operators will be trans ferred to other manual offices in the Htv. They will replace a like number of operators, who have been employed during the past four months on a temporary basis. Telephones directly connected with the District, Metropolitan and National central offices have been equipped with dials. Each dial has 10 finger holes, numbered from 1 to 8 and the numeral 0. The dial also includes the letters of the alphabet, with the exception of the letters "Q” and “Z.” The numerals are colored red and the letters black. For example, in calling National 2674 on the dial system, the telephone users will dial N and A and then the nu merals 3674. The two letters of the office code to be dialed in each case have been indicated in the telephone directory by printing them in capital letters. Dialing Process Described. The dialing process is performed by placing the finger in a hole on the dial corresponding to the letter or number being dialed and then rotating it in a clockwise direction until the finger comes to a stop. The dial is then re leased and returns to its normal posi tion. Then the next number is dialed and so on until each of the four nu merals have been completed. The dial also includes the word “operator” which l Is used for dialing for assistance or for special calls. In the case of the subscribers pri vate branch exchange connected with the dial central offices, the switch boards will be equipped with dials, so that the private branch exchange op erators may dial the numbers wanted. Where the subscribers desire to dial from extension telephones, these tele phones have been quipped with dials. When dialing the user first removes the receiver from the hook of the tele phone. When he hears a dial tone, a distinct humming tone, he proceeds to dial the office code and number as pre viously described. This operation dif fers from the manual system in that the removal of the receiver from the switch hook of a manual telephone lights a small electric lamp on the switchboard which attracts the opera tor’s attention, causing her to plug in and ask, "Number, please?” and then establish the connection. • In dialing a number, the system dif fers from the manual operation in that a mechanical operation, brought about by the dialing of the central offioe code and number establishes the connec tion. Calls from a manually operated cen tral office for telephone users in a dial office will be received by the manual operator in the regular way, as the calling party gives verbally the name of the office and the number wanted. The former Main central office, later supplemented by the Franklin office, now being replaced, was cut into t*rv tce September 17, 1904, at which time there were about 11.000 telephones in the District of Columbia. Telephone service in the District had Its origin in 1877 with private lines Installed by the late George C. May nard. In December, 1878, a small or “peg” switch was Installed in Mr. May nard's office at 1423 G street, with six telephones in operatipn. In January, 1879, Mr. Maynard in stalled what he called “the permanent central office” on the fifth floor of the Evans Building. 1420 New York avenue. This switchboard was equipped for 28 lines By April 8, 1879, there were 123 telephones in operation. At that' time boys were operators. The first tele phone operator in Washington was Bur net L. Nevius. Other operators were Maurice Otterback, now president of the “Anacostia Bank; Ben Stelnmetz, Irving H. Hoover and Edward E. Bawsel. Women were first employed as tele- Jhone operators in 1881. Miss Mary ,loyd, now Mrs. Mary Newhc.ll, was the first woman operator here. WOMAN’S PURSE FOUND J>ark Policeman Arrests Colored Youths When Loss Is Reported. The quick work of a United States park policeman has recovered for a woman tennis player a pocketbook con taining jewelry valued at more than #2OO, and two 10-year-old colored boys will be charged in Juvenile Court with having taken the property. Lieut. H. Helms reported today to Capt. Ray C. Montgomery, U. 8. A., superintendent of the U. S. Park Police, that Officer Oren Spears did some rapid detective work in recovering the prop erty. Miss Mildred Slover of the 1500 block of Twenty-first street reported that her pocketbook was stolen from a bench at the tennis courts at Seven teenth and B streets Wednesday. Officer 6pears was assigned to the case and apprehended the two colored boys, who, the police say, have admitted taking the property. “ZERO” OPERATORS FOR THE NEW DIAL TELEPHONE SYSTEM | _> Jr When a dial telephone user wishes to call a number In Alexandria. Silver Spring and other suburban points, the “aero” operator will establish the connection, as shown in the picture. The new system will go into effect on downtown exchanges next Sunday. NEW SOUSA MARCH RECALLS DAYS OF BOXER UPRISING IN CHINA President Hoover, Gridiron Guest, Hears Famous Leader Direct Marine Band Playing "Royal Welch Fusileers.” Commemorative of the days when the Royal Welch Fusileers, a famous British regiment, fought side by side with the United States Marines during the Boxer uprising in China, a new march composed by John Philip Sousa, dedicated to the Marine Corps and en titled "The Royal Welch Fusileers, was played by the Marine Band for the first time during the Gridiron Club dinner last night in the New Willard Hotel. President Hoover, a guest at the din ner, at the time of the Boxer uprising was a young mining engineer, in Tien tsin with Mrs. Hoover when it was under siege. He was one of the foreign ers rescued when the Marines and the Royal Welch Fusileers marched into the beleaguered city. Sousa, composer of the new march, at one time the leader of the Marine Band, a member of the Gridiron Club himself, directed the playing of the new march. The incident was both historical and colorful. With flags of the United States and of Great Britain carried in advance, the Marine Band marched into the dining hall to the tune of the Marine Corps hymn, “The Halls of Montezuma.” The British flag was born by a representative of the British em bassy in full uniform. Robert Barry of the New York Evening World, chair man of the music committee of the Gridiron Club, said; “We interrupt this Gridiron dinner for an historic dedication. Tonight we ratify unanimously a covenant written 30 years ago in the Boxer uprising in China. Beleaguered by Boxers. “In June of 1900, Tientsin was be leaguered by fanatical and frenzied Boxers. The President of our Republic, then a young mining engineer, and Mrs. 1 Hoover were among the so-called “for eign devils” whose lives were imperiled daily for several months. The young American engineer erected the barricade of bags of sugar and rice. He devised food rationing for the besieged foreign colony, an experience which served subsequently to make him a world figure. "Tientsin was saved. With the band playing "There’ll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight,” the United States Marines marched into the city. With them was a famous British regiment, the Royal Welch Fusileers. “Our Marnes and the Royal Welch Fusileers formed friendships at Tien tsin which time has not effaced. As they stood under the walls of Tientsin, with our dead and their dead almost at their elbows, our Marines, knowing something of the history of this famous Welch regiment, glanced at the regi mental standards and asked questions. Famous battles'of the Welch Fusileers were emblazoned there. “Pointing to the flags, our Marines asked; “ ‘Where are the names of the battles you fought in the American Revolu tion?’ “ ‘They are not there,’ Capt. Gywnne of the Welch replied. ‘On the regi ment’s return to England the war office offered to inscribe the American battles on those flags. Our predecessors said they did not wish to remember nor have posterity recall the battles they had fought in America against men of their own blood.’ “When Smedley Butler was wounded at Tientsin, it was Capt. Gwynne of the Royal Welch Fusileers who helped examine the wound and later assist in carrying Butler to a place of safety. "When Gen. Pershing and the ad vance guard of the A. E. F. in the , World War stepped ashore at Liverpool, the British escort of honor there to greet him was the Royal Welch Fusi leers. Review of Associations. “We have taken this time, Mr. Presi i dent, to review these historical associa tions because there have been numerous l suggestions of a fitting memorial to ( commemorate this international com i radeship of two great military organiza ■ tions. “A member of the Gridiron Club has ■ devised a better memorial than stone t or broze. He has proposed something . living, pulsating, and we hope, endur . ing. He has written a march, entitled ‘ The Royal Welch Fusileers.” He has - dedicated it to the United States Ma r rine Corps. Very shortly there will be 3 in London a ceremony at which our Ambassador and our friend, Gen. Dawes, will make a formal presentation of the ITALY STARTS 6 MONTHS’ TRIBUTE TO VERGIL WITH CEREMONY TODAY 2,000 th Anniversary of Singer of Mantua Will Be Observed at Services Throughout Nation. By the Associated Press. MANTUA, Italy, April 26.—Italy turns aside tomorrow from the bustling thoughts of modem every day life to begin her six-month tribute to her greatest poet, Vergil, on the occasion of the 2,000 th anniversary of his birth. Although Premier Mussolini and his lieutenants will hold the Fascist levy tomorrow and induct thousands of young men into the Fascist militia, scholarly and classical Italy will be THE SUNDAY STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C„ APRIL 27, 1930—PART ONE. march and accompanying papers to Lieut. Gen. Charles M. Dobell of the Royal Welch Fusileers. “Tonight we are privileged to offer before the Presidnt of the United States and his excellency, the Ambassador of Great Britain, the first rendition of this march. “Our musical director, Herndon Mor sell, will escort to the dais the com poser of this march, our fellow Grid iron member, the March King of the World—John Philip Sousa.” At the conclusion of the new march the Marine Band marched off the stage and out of the dining room, playing the Marine hymn. In addition to the President, the Brit ish Ambassador and Acting Secretary of the Navy Jahncke, there will be present a number of prominent Marine Corps officers, including Brig. Gen. Ful ler, acting commandant during the ill ness of Gen. Neville; Maj. Gen. Smed ley D. Butler; Brig. Gen. George Rich ards, Col. Richard Rush Wallace, com manding the Marine Barracks in Wash ington, and others. 15,000 ARE EXPECTED AT COLORS MASSING Impressive Service Is Arranged for Washington Cathedral Amphi theater May 25. Arrangements have been made to care for 15,000 persons at the annual mass ing of the colors service May 25 in the amphitheater of Washington Cathedral on Mount St. Alban. The United States Marine Band, with Capt. Taylor Bran son conducting, will play. Rev. Arlington McCallum is chairman of the committee in charge. The serv ices will be sponsored by the Military Order of the World War, and virtually every military and patriotic organiza tion in the District has been invited to take part. In addition to playing instrumental accompaniments for the hymns to be sung by the congregation led by massed choirs, the Marine Band will furnish a concert of sacred and classical music for half an hour immediately preceding the services. An additional musical of fering will be by the American Legion Drum Corps, playing during the pro cessional in which color guards repre senting the various participating so cieties and carrying United States flags and emblems of their orders march to ward the altar. Right Rev. James E. Freeman, Bishop of Washington, will deliver a sermon. Chaplains from the Army and Navy also will participate. A phase of the devo tions will be the blowing of "Taps” by an Army buglar. ARLINGTON HOTEL LEASE ANNOUNCED The Arlington Hotel, 10-story struc ture at 1025 Vermont avenue, has been leased from Joseph J. Moebs, the owner, by the Finbers Realty Co. of New York, which operates the Pennsylvania Hotel here, it was announced last night. Management of the hotel will be taken over May 1 by the New York interests, at the expiration of the lease now held by the Arco Hotel Co., operators of sev eral other residential hotel properties in Washington, according to an agree ment reached yesterday by Moebs and Max Bersin, head of the New York concern. The Finbers Realty Co., it is an nounced by McKeever & Goss, Wash ington realtors, who handled negotia tions. has leased the Arlington property for 10 years at a gross rental considera tion of approximately $500,000. The Arlington was erected in 1916 by Moebs and was operated for a time by the firm of Maddux, Marshall, Moss & Mallory, the management later being taken over by the Arco Co. more concerned with the observances of the anniversary of "the famed sign er of Mantua." Vergil was born here October 15, 70 8.C., but three other cities will share with Mantua the honor of leading in the celebrations —Rome, Naples and Brindls. In Rome, where Vergil enjoyed the patronage of the Emperor Augustus, a number of American professors and classical students will participate In the anniversary ceremonies. THREE SENTENCED FOR ALTERING BALLOTS Fred Hrdlicka, Twice Democratic Represetnative in Illinois, and Others Denied New Trial. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, April 26.—Fred Hrdlicka,, twice Democratic State representative, and two other men found guilty on charges of altering ballots in the 1929 judicial election, were each sentenced to one to five years in prison yesterday by Judge Walter P. Steffen, who over ruled motions for a new trial. The other men sentenced are Edward Kirsten, wealthy undertaker, and Ed ward Kotek, a precinct captain. Judge Steffen allowed them a 60-day stay for appeal. A species of acacia which occurs in the Sudan has extremely hollow shoot sheaths, which produce sounds like sweet-toned flutes. g NACHMAN um Vofuci Os Dining Room—Bedroom—Living Room Suites C e » • I " Lovely 4-pc. Walnut Finish 4-Pc. Chifforobe Bed Room . A Real Value in a Bed Room <Ve««ional T a L|. _ . Bed Room Suite; e» A f\. A A Suite; construct- AA Suite; all » <m A A UWMI * fl QS nicely finished; 'p/IVfeUU ed of genuine large pieces; Jy | Mahogany or walnut finish. «trz*«/v well cpns tructed walnut veneer.. new style ... I%JU $3.95 I Crib ||f lIPr ' Ppppuipd '! ... • liih 89 w ICppiipp II j—pp I S 9 $119.00 "““"jmls “ P '*^£^¥^31 11 Ja j i M “lIUACHMfIN i r i Art Square J *9 , *• Suite; good style and qual- S7Q«OO I For KRdra “You’ll Always Do Better Here” ' y 1 * ! 1 $4.95 cor. Bth and E Su. N.W. ££ SQft.OO , ■■■■■HaiHHBiMBHBaHBHMiiiHaBaHaHBaBHBiiMBHaBai chairs K. OF C. TO OBSERVE 330 ANNIVERSARY Prominent Catholic Laymen and Clergy Will Be Honor Guests at Banquet. Washington Council, No. 224, of the Knights of Columbus, will observe its thirty-third anniversary with a banquet Tuesday evening at 8 o’clock in the Mayflower Hotel, when prominent Cath olic laymen and clergy will be among the guests. The banquet will especially honor the nine living charter members of the order and a class of 100 new mem bers to be initiated this afternoon at the Knights of Columbus Hall. An other of the anniversary events will be the memorial ipass at 8 o’clock this morning at St. Matthew’s Church, which will be followed by a break fast at the Mayflower. The closing function of the anniversary will be the annual dance of the council Thursday night at the Mayflower. Leo A. Rover, United States attorney and a former grand knight of Wash ington Council, will be toastmaster at the banquet. The principal speaker will be Representative John W. Mc- Cormack of Massachusetts, a fourth degree Knight, affiliated with Marquette Council of Boston. Clement S. Ucker of Baltimore, oldest living past grand knight, will speak on behalf of charter members. Rev. F. J. Humey and his Players' Guild will give an enter tainment. List of Honor Gnests. Honor guests, in addition to the new class of Knights, will include Harleigh H. Hartman, vice chairman of the Public Utilities Commission; William F. Montavon, legal director of the Na tional Catholic Welfare Conference, and Charles A. Russell, solicitor of the Fed eral Power Commission. Tributes also will be paid to the following charter members of the order: Dr. H. J. Cros son, B. F. Saul, Hugh Reilly, H. W. Sohon, W. A. Lusby, Rossa F. Downing, William L. Soleau, Edward P. Harring ton and Mr. Ucker. Washington Council was Installed here April 25, 1897, in the Washington Light Infantry Armory, with the degree work being done by members of Tre mont Council of Boston. In time, the council mover from quarters in the Typographical Temple and Carroll Hall until its increased membe:-ship com pelled the erection of its new home in 1902. The council has done much in these 33 years toward the advancement of education. It contributed toward the chair of American history at the Catho lic University, the first established in any Catholic institution, and later par ticipated in the founding of a $500,000 scholarship fund at Catholic University. After the World War, Washington Council co-operated with the Knights of Columbus in a school for ex-service men in which they were furnished free tuition. When the work for service men was Police War on Noise In City’s Streets Ordered by Pratt War on the "noise fiend” was declared by the Police Depart ment yesterday when Maj. Henry O. Pratt issued orders to the captains of every precinct in the city to instruct the members of their commands to make every effort to reduce unnecessary noises. Drivers of motor vehicles bearing signal devices for any purpose other than giving an adequate woming of the ap proach of their vehicles or as a warning of danger, will be given a warning for the first offense. A repetition will result in their arrest. The law governing the use of signal devices prohibits the use of any unnecessary loud or dis cordant signal device, siren or ex plosive whistle on automobiles and trucks while the use of any signal on a bicycle except a bell also is banned. was completed the school was continued and is now known as Columbus Uni versity. Several years ago it established the Archbishop Curley scholarship for sending 10 boys and girls to high school. The growth of the council is declared due in large measure to its chatter members and the late Bernard M. Bridget, formerly head of the Parker- Bridget Co., its first Grand Knight, and also to Dr. A. D. Wilkinson, who has given 32 years service, first as Grand Knight and for over a quarter of a cen tury as financial secretary. The coun cil now has 1,300 members, many of whom are in official life. The present officers of the council are: P. Michael Cook, grand knight; William H. Murray, deputy grand knight; L. Harold Lothoron, chancellor; Harleigh H. Hartman, advocate; Dr. A. D. Wilkinson, financial secretary; Harry E. Brooks, treasurer; E. M. O’Sullivan, recorder, and John B. Coyle, warden. NINE LABOR MEN FREED Tennessee Magistrate Dismisses Charges of 'Conspiracy. ELIZABETHTOWN, Tenn., April 26 (/P). —Charges of conspiracy to kill and to destroy property, brought against J. Clyde Donnelly, president of the local textile union, and eight others, were dismissed today after hearings before Magistrate R. G. Johnson. The defense argued that four boys already had been arrested and bound over to the Carter County grand jury for possessing dynamite. The boys bound over to the grand Jury were arrested on the bridge span ning Doe River, near this city, the night of March 13. Officers said the boys had 21 sticks of dynamite. Doctors are advising hobbies, especi ally those requiring outdoor exercise, for the "successful business man” as the best way to combat the physical and mental decline which usually sol s low a strenuous life. SCENE OF 111 ACTIVITY SHIFTS Police Believe Bootleggers Are Being Driven Into Mont gomery County. Rum rings supplying the Capital's de mands for bootleg whisky are believed to be shifting the scene of their activi ties from Southern Maryland into Mont gomery County and other Maryland points in that section as the result of the warfare waged by District and Prince Georges County police on boot leggers operating in that area. Marked activity In whisky running from Montgomery County over the Blair road into Washington has led police of No. 13 precinct to keep a steady vigil in that vicinity following a series of chases in which several officers have narrowly escaped with their lives when "smoked" bv whisky cars they were pursuing. Early yesterday another suspected rum car slipped into the District after firing four shots at Policeman Prank Kenney of No. 13 station and making its getaway in a cloud of black, oily smoke when the officer, choked and blinded, stopped his machine to avoid a crash. _ , The chase is only one of a number of such that police of that precinct have figured in during the past several weeks. In each case the rum car has made its escape. . Pvt. Kenney was patrolling Georgia avenue shortly after 2 o’clock when the automobile, heavily loaded and manned by two white men, swung out Madison street at a 55 mile-an-hour pace and started downtown. Spotting the police machine the driver of the car steadily increased his speed until the automobile attained a mark of 70 miles an hour. One of the men shot four times at the police car and then began to operate the smoke screen. The pursued machine bote Michigan tags but police believe the tags were stolen and affixed to the machine to mislead police. EIGHT DEATHsInTwEEK DUE TO AUTO ACCIDENTS Maryland Commission Shows Five Fatalities in Baltimore, With 321 Mishaps Noted. Special Dispatch to The Star. BALTIMORE, April 28.—Eight per sons were killed as the result cf traffic accidents in Maryland last week, ac cocding to Automobile Commissioner Baughman. Five fatalities occurred in Baltimore and three in the counties. The total number of traffic accidents in Baltimore .last week was 321, re sulting in injury to 136 persons. For the corresponding week in 1929 there were 300 accidents, causing the death of one and the injury of 128 others. B-3 PROGRAM AT TOMB TO HONOR MOTHERS Ceremonies in Arlington May 9 Will Mark Sixth An nual Observance. Colorful ceremonies at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery on May 11 will mark the sixth annual Mother’s day ob servance, conducted under joint aus pices of the American War Mothers and the Congressional Club. With the national presidents of these two organ izations heading the committee in charge of arrangements, several high officials of the Army, Navy and Ma rine Corps, as well as Senators and Representatives in Congress, and rep resentatives of patriotic organizations, are expected to participate in the ceremonies. Mrs. Virgil McClure, national presi dent of the American War Mothers, will arrive here May 9 to take charge of arrangements. Besides Mrs. Me-, Clure, those on the committee include Mrs. Porter Dale, president of the Con-: gressional Club; Representative Kath erine Langley of Kentucky, Mrs. Daniel Reed of New York, Mrs. John Schafer, of Wisconsin, representing the Congres sional Club, and Mrs. E. C. Wagner, Mrs. Martha C. O’Neill, Mrs. N. N. Nock and Mrs. W. W. Morrison, repre senting the American War Mothers. Other members of the committee are Gen. Charles P. Summerall. chief of staff, U. S. A.; Admiral Charles F„ Hughes, U. S. N.: Maj. Gen. Wendell C? Neville, commandant U. S. M. C.; Rear Admiral F. C. Billard. United States- Coast Guard; Rear Admiral R. E. Coontz, U. S. N., retired: Maj. Amos A.. Fries, U. S. A., retired: Maj. Gen. John L. Dewill, quartermaster general, U. S.‘ A.; Col. W. R. Gibson; Lieut. Col. Charles G. Mortimer, Maj. John T.’ Harris, Col. Julian E. Yates, .chief of chaplains, U. S. A.; Capt. Sidney Key Evans,, chief of chaplains, U. S. N.;„ Capt. Morris S. Daniel, Jr., U. S. A., and- George M. Ross. west’sTsaddles change - Now Built With Cushions, Etc., for “Dude Ranchers.” BILLINGS, Mont. Trends in saddlery dictated by the effort to meet* assumed requirements of “dudes" bring disgust to old time cowmen. For the edification of dude ranchers, there were displayed at the meeting of the Montana-Wyoming Association here saddles with cushioned seats, with low roll cantles and bell fenders; highly ornamented chaps with tooled and riv eted designs: wide belts, leather cuffs and leather vests. Manufacturers say the ranchers must approximate the comforts and artistic surroundings to which their guests have been accustomed.