Newspaper Page Text
(T7. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Cloudy tonight and tomorrow; slightly
cooler tonight; minimum temperature
about 48 degrees.
Temperatures—Highest, 72, at 3 p.m.
yesterday; lowest, 54, at 5 a.m. today.
report on page 9.
Closing N.Y. Markets, Pages 13,14 &15
ACTION IN PRESENT
Cites Five Recommendations,
involving Prohibition, Court
Congestion, ‘Bargain Days’
and Federal Prisons.
DECLARED NOW MADE
District's Lack of Dry Law En
forcement Facilities Cited as
Major Administrative Recom
mendation in Message Urging
By the Associated Press.
President Hoover today strongly
urged Congress to act on his
tions for more effective criminal
law enforcement before the pres
ent session adjourns.
In a special message, the Presi
dent cited five of the recommen
dations made to the special and
regular sessions of Congress,
which he said must be carried out
“if I am to perform the high duty
which falls upon the executive of
enforcement of the Federal laws.”
The text of the President’s mes
“In my message of June 6 and
December 3, 1929, I placed before
Congress the urgency of certain
improvements necessary to effec
tive criminal law enforcement.
“Substantial progress has been made
upon some of the measures proposed,
yet we are nearing the end of the pres
ent session, and I cannot too strongly
urge the necessity of action upon all
these recommendations before adjourn
“The most important recommenda
tions made by me were five hi number:
“1. There should be a transfer of the
functions of detection and prosecution
of prohibition cases from the Treasury
Department to the Department of Jus
tice and thus an ending of divided re
sponsibility and effort.
“An act providing for this transfer
was passed by the House of Representa
tives and has now been reported to the
Senate by its jud ! ciary committee.
“2. There must be relief afforded
from congestion in the courts. While
this congestion is evidenced by the
dockets in many courts, its full im
plications are not shown by them.
Hits at “Bargain Days.”
“The so-called bargain days, when
light fines are imposed as the result of
pleas of guilty, clear the docket, but
the result distinctly undermines respect
“No conclusion appears to have been
reached as to the method of accom
plishing this, either by the judiciary
committee of the Senate or by the
judiciary committee of the House of
Representatives. , „ .
“3. There must be extension of Fed
eral prisons with more adequate parole
system and other modern treatment of
prisoners. We have already 11,985
prisoners in establishments
built for 6,946.
“The number of Federal prisoners in
Federal and State institutions increased
6.277 in the nine months from June 30,
1929, to April 1, 1930.
“The Attorney General has stated
that we cannot hope to enforce the
laws unless we can have some point of
reception for convicted persons. The
overcrowding of the prisons themselves
is inhumane and accentuates criminal
"Bills providing for this relief were
passed by the House and are now, I
understand, in course of being reported
to the Senate by the judiciary commit
“4. We are in need of vigorous reor
ganization of the border patrol in order
to consolidate various agencies so as
effectually to prevent illegal entry of
both aliens and goods. Proposals to
bring about such reorganization art*
before the committees of Congress.
"5. The District of Columbia is with
out an adequate prohibition enforce
ment law. A bill for that purpose has
been introduced and hearings have been
held before the Senate District com
mittee. It should contain the safe
guards recommended by the Attorney
“We have within the limits of existing
legislation improved the personnel and
greatly increased the efficiency of the
existing Federal machinery in criminal
law enforcement during the past year.
“The above reforms are necessary,
however, if I am to perform the high
duty which falls upon the Executive of
enforcement of the Federal laws.
Not All Crime Is "Wet.”
"While a considerable part of this
condition arises from the laws relating
to intoxicating liquors, yet the laws
relating to narcotics, automobile thefts,
et cetera, vhich have been enacted by
the Congress during recent years, also
contribute to create the present condi
tions. This is well indicated by the fact
that less than one-third of Federal
prisoners are due to prohibition.
“Our obedience to law, our law en- j
forcement and judicial organization, or
Judicial procedure, our care and meth
ods of handling prisoners, in relation
to not only Federal Government but
also to the State and municipal gov
ernments, are far from the standards
that must be secured. These proposals,
while they do not comprehend the
whole which remains to be done in
the Nation, are a step toward lifting
the Federal standards, which must have
a general beneficial influence.
“(Signedi HERBERT HOOVER.”
Representative Garner Improves.
The condition of Representative
Gamer of Texas, the minority floor
leader, was reported today at his office
to be somewhat improved. He expects
to be able to return to his duties
(Priests in Hands of Bandits.
HANKOW, April 28 UP).—Dispatches
received here today said that two Irish
Catholic priests had been kidnaped by
bandits who captured and looted the
prosperous city of Sienteo-hen, Hupeh
Province, 50 miles from here on the
Entered as second class matter
post office. Washington. D. C.
Record Is Claimed
For Child With 11
By the Associated Press.
FAIRMONT. W. Va„ April 28.
Leola Yost, infant daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Yost of
Bennefield Creek, near Fairview,
has a great-great-grandmother,
seven great-grandparents and
three grandparents living.
That, the family claims, is a
record, since the child's living
grandparents total 11.
DELAY SOUGHT BY
Supreme Court Nominee De
fends Self in Letter
By the Associated Press.
Delay until late In the week of the
debate on the nomination of Judge
John J. Parker of North Carolina to
the Supreme Court will be sought when
the question of confirmation comes be
fore the Senate late today.
Senator Overman, Democrat, North
Carolina, will seek to have the Senate
delay debate until Thursday at the
request of his colleague. Senator Sim
mons, who has been called out of the
Unanimous Consent Needed.
Unanimous consent will be required
for this deferment, however, and leaders
believe the Senate will insist upon going
ahead with the debate.
Meanwhile, there was some ciscus
sion of referring the nomination back
to the judiciary committee to permit
inquiry into a complaint sent to Chair
man Norris by Ralph Hays, former sec
retary to Newton D. Baker, former Sec
retary of War.
This complaint relates to the han
dling of a war claims case by Farker
as a special assistant to the Attorney
General. The case was lost, but the
Government later recovered damages in
Senator Norris said he had lacked
opportunity to study the complaint by
Hays and had reached no decision on
seeking recommital of the nomination.
Foes of Parker, led by Senator Borah,
Republican, Idaho, were confident they
had sufficient votes to defeat confirma
Parker Defends Himself.
Judge Parker himself took issue with
his critics in a letter to Senator Over
man of North Carolina, which the latter
made public last night. He asserted
that in the labor case he was bound to
follow a previous decision of the Su
preme Court, and that the colored pro
test was based upon a misinterpretation
of his campaign address.
The Senate judiciary committee a
week ago voted an unfavorable report
upon the nomination, and at the same
time defeated a motion that Judge
Parker be invited to appear and reply in
person to the charges that have been
raised against hi’~>
Specifically, tne labor protest was
based upon Judge Parker’s decision as a
member of the Circuit Court of Appeals,
upholding an injunction which re
strained the United Mine Workers from
attempting to organize the employes of
the Red Jacket Coal & Coke Co. of West
Virginia The workers had signed the
so-called “yellow dog” contracts, under
which they agreed not to affiliate them
selves with any union while in the em
ploy of the company.
On the racial protest Judge Parker
wrote that In his campaign address
he was seeking to answer his oppon
ents, who, he said, were attempting
to inject the race issue into the cam
paign under a charge that the Repub
lican party in North Carolina intended
to organize the colored people and re
store the conditions of the reconstruc
tion era.” At the time, Parker was the
Republican nominee for governor of
Tried to Be Fair.
“I endeavored to conduct my cam
paign for governor on a high plane
and with fairness to all classes of peo
ple, and, while 1 made it clear that
my party was not seeking to organize
the colored people of the State as a
class, I at no time advocated denying
them the right to participate in the
ejection in cases where they were quali
fied to do so, nor did I advocate deny
ing them any other of their rights un-
I der the Constitution and laws of the
Senator Allen, Republican, Kansas, 1
last night defended Judge Parker and
announced that the nominee has his :
support. He said that Parker’s recent
decisions have shown a lull judicial
fairness to the colored race and that his
decision in the Red Jacket case was
the only one possible after the rulings
of the Supreme Court.
W. W. BRIDE IS ILL
Corporation Counsel Ordered to
Take Ten-Day Rest.
Corporation Counsel William W.
Bride is on a 10-day leave of absence
on account of illness. Mr. Bride re
cently suffered a collapse, attributed to
hign blood pressure. Although he has
been coming to the office for the past
week, he did not appear in good health,
and Commissioner Luther H. Reichel
derfer, who is a physician, peremptorily
ordered him to take the leave. The
office is temporarily under direction of
Vernon L. West, the principal assistant
"DRIPPING WET” SPEAKER’S DRINK
IS DECLARED ONLY COUGH SIRUP
Would-Be Illinois State Senator, Who Seemed to Enjoy
Liquor Publicly, Held Magician.
By the Associated Press. ,
GARY, Ind April 28.—The fluid pub
licly consumed at a political meeting
Friday night by Anthony A. Filipak,
seeking the Republican nomination for
State Senator on a "dripping wet” plat
form. was cough sirup, and nothing
This is set down because earlier in
timations following Mr. Filipak’s ad
dress were that the fluid was something
else. In asserting his feeling against
y J WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION KS
REVOLT IS RENEWED
BY OHIO CONVICTS
AFTER CHIEFS ARE
TAKEN TO DUNGEON
Chaplain, After Visit to Idle
House, Voices Fear of Vio
lence —Officials Confer on
Course of Action.
INMATES WON’T LISTEN
TO FRIENDLY GUARDS
Situation Described as Worst Yet
After Quiet Was Believed Re
stored—Turn Comes When 150
Columbus Police Reserves Are
Removed From Prison Yards.
By the Associated Press.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, April 28.
Believed to have been pacified
after their leaders had been re
moved, unruly convicts in the idle
house at Ohio penitentiary re
newed their revolt again this aft
ernoon, after 150 Columbus police
reserves had been taken from the
prison yards. The convicts refused
to obey orders of guards and re
fused to listen to Deputy Warden
J. C. Woodward, who heretofore
held their confidence.
When it became evident that
the convicts in the white city idle
house had decided to resume their
passive resistance campaign
against Warden Preston Thomas,
whose removal they demand, Col.
R. S. Haubrich of the Ohio Na
tional Guard went into confer
ence with other officials to map
out plans to cope with the situa
The Rev. Father Albert O’Brien,
Catholic chaplain, who came from
the idle house after the revolt was
renewed, said, “the situation now
is worse than it has been. The
convicts are very excited, and I
fear that we will have bloodshed
before this thing is settled.”
Leaders Placed In Dungeon.
Earlier today “hard-boiled” convict*,
leaders of the revolt, were removed from
the idle house to solitary confinement.
Machine guns bristled in the prison
yard as well as outside the walls, where
Ohio National Guards were prepared to
prevent any attempt to escape.
When guards entered the Idle house to
make a count, the prisoners lined up
obediently and made no show of resist
Between 25 and 30 of the ring leaders
were weeded from the main body of
Conditions in the Idle house were de
scribed by an unnamed guard as he
came from the city of cells. He said
that during the past week and up until
the authorities moved against the re
volted today, conditions in the idle
house were “terrible.” There was open
defiance of orders, stealing and gam
bling going on all the time, with the
few guards helpless to stop it, he said.
Carrying out his statement that “this
mutiny will be put down,” the warden
ordered 150 policemen into the prison
yard early today, and at the breakfast
hour he said the unruly men in the
“white city” idle house would not eat
“until we have mopped up with them.”
After a night of disorder in the idle
house, during which prisoners ripped
down cell doors because they feared to
be locked in as were the 320 men who*
met death a week ago by fire and smoke,
the prison population awoke today to
face the first effort to end the con
victs’ campaign of "passive resistance”
against the wardenship of Thomas.
Carry Tear Gas Bombs.
Police who went into the prison yard
were armed with pistols, riot clubs and
tear gas bombs.
It was expected that after the orderly
prisoners, housed in dormitories had
j been fed, some effort would be made by
j the authorities to enter the idle house
; and overcome the mutineers.
All possible means were taken to pre
; vent any break. When a report was
made that some of the idle house men
had cut a hole in the roof and had
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6J
BRAVES ATLANTIC ALONE
Greek Seaman Hopes to Sail Tiny
Craft to Athens.
MIAMI. Fla., April 28 (IP). —Nicholas
Gongopoious, Greek seaman who seeks
to sail his 16-foot boat Ulysses to
Athens, Greece, was out on the Atlantic
Gongopoious’ trip is sponsored b. the
Greco-American Order of Ahepa. He
carried with him provisions and water
sufficient to last four months, although
he expects to complete his voyage in a
The course of the Ulysses lies through
the Bahamas to Bermuda, thence to the
j Azores, through the Strait of Gibraltar
I to Pireaus, seaport for Athens.
. prohibition, Filipak produced a flask,
poured something into a saucer, touched
a match to it and then, as a blue flame
arose, put the flask to his lips and
But what he drank was cough sirup
His spokesman, James Bell, made this
clear today after some persons had ex
pressed indignation over the exhibition.
Bell said Filipak by some neat leger
demain put into a saucer some alcoholic
fluid. This he set on fire. If the spec
tators thought it was an alcoholic bev
erage. that was their privilege. Bell said.
WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, APRIL 28. -1930—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. **
Measure Carrying $26,-
000,000 Appropriation Is
Reported by Committee.
Carrying a total of $26,000,341.58, the
legislative appropriation bill for, the
fiscal year beginning July 1 next, was
reported to the House today. This is
$3,537,686.40 less than the estimates and
$6,429,055.20 more than the 1930 appro*
priations. The bill covers funds for
support of the United States Senate,
House of Representatives, Capitol po
lice, joint committee on printing, office
of legislative council, office of the archi
tect of the Capitol, Botanic Gardens,
Library of Congress and Government
For the first time the bill carries ap
propriations for salary increases under
the legislative pay act of 1929 for offi
cers and employes at the Capitol. The
increase amounts to slightly more than
Continue Building Program.
Included are several items for con
tinuing work on the program for new
buildings in the Capitol group, such as
the Supreme Court and new House Of
fice buildings, and includes $4,763,893
for carrying forward the program for
developing a plaza parkway between the
Capitol Building and Union Station.
The working capital fund for the
Government Printing Office is continued
at $2,500,000. The total in the bill for
the printing office, which includes the
office of superintendent of documents,
For the Library of Congress $2,034,-
242 is provided, of which $777,045 is
The Botanic Gardens appropriation
is $194,560, with $101,260 for salaries.
The office of architect of the Capitol
is allowed $8,926,971.58, of which
$1,000,000 is for the Supreme Court
Building, $1,500,000 for construction of
the new House Office Building, $4,763,-
893 for enlargement of the Capitol
grounds and $365,425 for connecting
new buildings with the Capitol power
plant, and $341,554 for repairs to the
House Is Allowed $8,156,754.
The total amount for the House of
Representatives is $8,156,754, and for
the Senate, $3,232,764.
’ Attention of Congress was called to
day that a $35,477,462 development and
building program is underway in the
Capitol area by Representative Murphy
of Ohio in making his report to the
House on the bill.
Because of the volume of work which
this program puts on the office of the
architect of the Capitol, together with
his already crowding duties, additional
personnel has been provided.
The committee recommended two
new positions—an executive assistant
to the architect, at $5,600, afid an addi
tional clerk, at $1,620.
The $35,477,462 development and
building program includes: Enlargement
of the Capitol Grounds, $4,892,414;
House Office Building Annex, $8,400,-
C 00; Supreme Court Building construc
tion, $9,740,000; Botanic Garden con
servatories and site, $1,476,398; Senate
Office Building, completion, $3,868,650:
Library of Congress, annex and site,
SIO,OOO Voted for Flans.
An estimate of $20,000, reduced to
SIO,OOO by the committee, is recom
mended to provide for the care and re
pair of buildings on the site to be ac
quired for the Library of Congress an
nex pending the removal of the build
ings to make way for construction work.
The sum of SIO,OOO is recommended
to enable the architect of the Capitol to
secure premliminary plans, models and
estimates of -ost for the building to be
erected as an annex for the Library of
Congress, while $5,000 is recommended
for re-erection of the Bartholdi fountain
between B and C streets and First and
Second street' southwest.
The committee has eliminated the
estimate of $576,398 as the final appro
priation for construction of the new
Botanic Garden conservatories. The
present appropriation of $300,000 for
beginning work carries with It authority
to contract for the entire project.
COOLER WEATHER DUE
Cloudy Tonight and Tomorrow Is
Forecast for Washington.
Washington probably will have an
other period of snappy weather soon.
Weather Bureau officials pre
dicted it would be cloudy here tonight
and tomorrow, with slightly cooler
weather tonight. The lowest tempera
ture tonight is expected to be 48, as
compared with a minimum of 54 last
night. The thermometer registered 61
shortly before noon today.
Radio Programs on Page B-7
Man Greeley Told
To ‘Go West’ Is Dead
In Chicago at 97
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, April 28.—Seventy
five years ago William Verity in
New York, being told he had only
a few months to live, asked
Horace Greeley, editor of the
New York Tribune, for advice.
Greeley gave him his famous
advice: "Go west, young man.’’
Verity did, and lived to be 97
years old. He was one of Chica
go’s pioneer business men. His
funeral was today.
RUM BUYER'S GUILT
PUT BEFORE COURT
Question Is Brought Up by
Mitchell in Two Cases,
By the Associated Press.
Oral arguments were begun in the
Supreme Court today to determine
phether purchasers of illicit liquor are
guilty of violating the national prohibi
tion law. »
The question came before the highest
tribunal in two forms. In one the Gov
ernment contends that those who order
liquor from bootleggers knowing that It
must be illegally transported to reach
them, are guilty of conspiracy to violate
the prohibition law. In the other, the
Government expresses some doubt as to
whether the purchaser who obtains
liquor from a bootlegger without order
ing its illegal transportation is equally
guilty with the bootlegger. It was pre
pared to urge, however, that the court
hold him guilty.
The conspiracy case was brought by
the Government from Philadelphia,
where Alfred E. Norris, a New York
banker, was charged with violating the
prohibition law when he placed orders
with Joel D. Kerper of Philadelphia for
the shipment of bootleg liquor. The
Federal District Court at Philadelphia
convicted Norris of conspiracy to violate
the prohibition law, but the Circuit
Court of Appeals reversed the ruling,
holding that such transportation as may
be necessary to effect delivery does not
subject the purchaser and seller to an
indictment for conspiracy to transport.
Although declaring Norris guilty of con
spiracy the district court announced
that the mere purchase of liquor was
not an offense, as did the Circuit Court
Attorney General Mitchell in his brief
in the Norris case, which furnished an
outline for today’s oral argument, de
clared that “whether or not the na
tional prohibition act makes the act of
purchase a crime in itself, it manifestly
does not invest the purchaser with any
special immunity from the consequences
of doing those things which beyond
question are made criminal. The mere
fact that one is a purchaser gives him
no license to violate the law with Im
James E. Farrar was Indicted at Bos
ton on the charge of having purchased
liquor froim Frank Rotondo of Medford,
Mass. The Federal District Court dis
missed the case, holding that the pur
chase of liquor was not an offense under
the prohibition law. The Government
contends that any purchase of Intoxi
cating liquor without a permit is a vio
lation of the Volstead act. Counsel for
Farrar will take the view of the Dis
trict Court that the permit required by
the prohibition law applied only to
those to whom a permit may .awfuily
be issued, such as manufacturers using
whisky, alcohol and wines in their
business, and not to a purchaser from
Attorney General Mitchell, in his
brief, pointed out that the dominant
purpose of the prohibition act is the
prevention of the consumption of in
toxicating liquor as a bev jrage ind
urged the highest court to inter
pret the law to bring about that
result. He took the position that
the failure to include the purchase of
liquor in the Volstead law as one of the
acts prohibited did r.ot establish that
Congress intended that the purchase
of liquor should not be an offense. Any
purchase of liquor not authorized by
the act was, he declared, illegal.
For the information of the court, he
presented in his brief, however, a num
ber of decisions by the courts and ex
tracts from congressional debates in
support of the argument tnat Congress
did not intend to make the purchaser
equally guilty with the seller.
Pitts Contempt Hearing Delayed.
G. Bryan Pitts, former chairman of
the board of directors of the F. H.
Smith Co., will be given an opportunity
on May 7 to show cause why he should
not be adjudged in contempt of court
for alleged failure to answer a subpoena
in the Boyle-Robertson bankruptcy
case. The hearing, originally set for
today, was postponed because of the
inability of counsel for Pitts to appear.
BAKER CLUES WANE
AS GLOOM DEEPENS
Officials Become More Pessi
mistic With Only Flimsy
Leads to Follow.
With only a few flimsy leads left to
be run down, Washington detectives,
Department of Justice agents and
Arlington County officials investigating
the murder of Mary Baker, appeared
today to be more pessimistic over the
outcome that at any time since the
crime was committeed.
The most promising development in
the last 24 hours was a report received
at the Detective Bureau to the effect
that a man in a gray cap, answering
the general description of the one seen
struggling with Miss Baker in her car,
at Seventeenth and B streets shortly
before her death, appeared in a prom
inent Washington department store sev
eral days after the crime searching for
one of the slain woman’s friends. This
man, it was said, had been drinking
and when he became disorderly, the
store detective ejected him.
Detectives have been assignd to In
vestigate the report, but the officials
attached little importance to it for two
reasons. One is that they cannot be
lieve that tne man who murdered Miss
Baker would be so bold as to make it
known publicly that he was looking for
a friend of the murdered woman, and
secondly, the girl he was inquiring |
about is not employed in any depart
County Police Are Busy.
Angles of the case on which Arling
ton County authorities have been work
ing over the week end, also failed to
produce anything of value with one
possible exception. This is information
obtained by Policeman Hugh C. Jones
of the Arlington County force, who went
to the home of Rev. and Mrs. Thomas
F. Baker, the slain woman’s parents, at
Oak Grove, Va. on a special mission,
returning late Saturday.
Arlington County officials are guard
ing the information with utmost secre
cy. Jones intimated, however, that it
was unlikely to be of any assistance in
the solution of the crime, although it
was being carefully checked.
Jones also brought back a photo
graph of a former admirer of Miss
Baker. He is a former member of the
Marine Corps, who now is married and
living in Ohio. Police in the Ohio town
looked into the movements of this man
at the request of Arlington County au
thorities and learned that he had not
been away from home in recent weeks.
The Arlington County police likewise
were unable to make any connection
between the crime and the suitcase
full of men’s clothing found Saturday
(Continued on Page 2, Column 5.)
TERMS TO BE SETTLED
Reparations Offer to Be Submitted
in Nine Countries After Meet
ing Called for Thursday.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, April 28. —Conditions of the
issuance of a $300,000,000 reparations
loan under the auspices of the Bank
for International Settlements will be
decided at a meeting to be held in
Brussels Thursday between officers of
the bank and representatives of the
banking institutions that will partici
pate in its underwriting.
It is understood that instead of the
originally planned $75,000,000 share,
the United States bankers will take in
the neighborhood of $100,000,000.
The loan will be offered in nine coun
tries —the United States, Great Britain,
France, Germany, Sweden, Belgium,
Holland, Switzerland and Italy.
The general opinio nhere was that
the bonds would pay from 5Va to 6
HUGHES, Jr., GIVEN MEDICINE BALL
AS HE LEAVES HOOVER’S "CABINET”
Son of Chief Justice Formally Severs Connection With
Morning Workout Group Today.
Charles Evans Hughes, Jr„ who re
signed as solicitor general shortly after
his father became Chief Justice of the
United States Supreme Court, today
formally severed his connections with
President Hoover’s medicine ball cab
inet, and, after playing his final game
In the rear grounds of the White House,
was presented by Mr. Hoover with a
medicine ball appropriately inscribed
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press news
Saturday’s Circulation, 114,590
Sunday’s Circulation, 118,392
UP) Means Associated Press.
Metal Worker Given
30 Days for Fixing
Neighbor’s Bath Tub
Although he only connected a
bath tub in the home of a neigh
bor, John Hale, 300 block of Mis
souri avenue, was convicted of In
stalling plumbing fixtures without
a license and fined SSO in Police
Court today, in lieu of which he
was sent to Jail for 30 days.
Inspector Samuel Tapp testi
fied before Judge Robert E. Mat
tingly that Hale had connected a
tub with piping in the home of
William H. Fisher, who lives in
the same block as Hale. Fisher
also told the judge that Hale had
done the work.
Hale declared that he had
soldered a connection on Fisher's
bath tub. He said that he was a
sheet metal worker and did no
BUT LITTLE FOOD,
Half a Peanut Supplies Fuel
for an Hour of Contin
BY THOMAS R. HENRY.
Thinking is cheap work.
The professor absorbed in intense
mental effort for an hour has an extra
demand for food no greater than that
of the maid who dusts off his desk for
One oyster cracker or half of a salted
peanut supplies all the extra fuel the
body needs for an hour’s continuous
This was explained to the National
Academy of Sciences here today by Dr.
Francis G. Benedict and Cornelia G.
Benedict of the nutrition laboratory of
the Carnegie Institution of Washing
ton, During the Winter, they have been
measuring the physical effects of in
tense thinking on five men and one
woman. The method was to give the
subject a series of increasingly difficult
arithmetic problems to be done “in the
head.” They found thinking was fol
lowed immediately by a distinct in
crease in the heart rate, a pronounced
alteration in the general character of
the respiration, a small increase in the
carbonic acid exhalation and a small
increase in the oxygen consumption.
Some of the problems were as difficult
as multiplying 873 by 67.
Measurements were taken each 15
minutes and compared with similar
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
! Hoover and Cabinet Men to
Discuss Problems on
An all-day business session, at which
18 business men were to be elected as
directors of the National Council of the
Chamber of Commerce of the United
States, today ushered in the eighteenth
annual meeting of the chamber.
Proposals for nominations to the
National Council were made at meetings
of the two divisions this morning, one
representing chambers of commerce and
the other the various trade associations
affiliated with the national body. The
completion of the slate and the final
ele 'ilon was not expected until late to
Meanwhile, officials of the Chamber
of Commerce were preparing for tomor
row’s general open session at 10 o’clock
and the keynote address of President
William Butterworth. “What’s Ahead
for Business,” a subject embodying the
general deliberations of the convention,
will be discussed by John H. Fahey,
president and publisher of the Worces
ter, Mass., Post.
Hoover to Participate.
President Hoover and members of the
cabinet, with their aides, will partici
pate in the four-day discussions be
tween Government officials and business
leaders of problems Jointly concerning
them. Such questions as Federal Farm
Board policies, the principal issue be
fore the chamber, stabilization and em
ployment, railroad consolidation, chain
and branch banking, trade practice and
taxation are foremost among the prob
lems to be considered. These will be
presented to the convention in the f#rm
of resolutions tomorrow.
The tenth annual banquet of the In
ternational Chamber of Commerce will
be held at 7:30 o’clock this evening in
the Mayflower Hotel, with interest cen
tering in an address by Melvin A. Tray
lor of Chicago on "The Bank for In
ternational Settlements.” Traylor is
president of the First National Bank of
Chicago and a member of the organiza
tion committee for the Bank for In
ternational Settlements. Silas H.
Strawn of Chicago, vice president of
the International Chamber, will pre
side and Lucius R. Eastman, American
member of the economic committee of
the League of Nations, will discuss
“Present Conditions in Europe.”
Prior to the election of directors the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
Mr. Hughes, who plans to make his
home in New York, has been a mem
ber of the medicine ball cabinet almost
from its start more than a year ago
and rarely missed attendance. When
the 20 minutes of play was over this
morning and the President and his
group were sitting about in one of the
ante rooms on the basement floor of
the White House, talking over the morn
ing's fun as they enjoyed coffee and
toast, the President arose and in a
brief speech presented him with the
new medicine ball.
IN U. S. SNARE OF
DISTRICT FUNDS IS
PROPOSED IN BILL
Appropriation Measure Given
to Senate Carries $43,-
910,855 Total, Decrease
From House Figure.
PLAN IS ELIMINATED
Monroe Street Viaduct Item Is
Rejected for Substitute Project.
SB,OOO Is Provided for Rent of
House of Detention—Total Cut
Off Is $1,422,262.
With the Federal lump sum to
ward the upkeep of the National
Capital increased from $8,000,000
to $12,000,000, the District appro
priation bill for the next fiscal
year was reported out of the Sen
ate appropriations committee to
day, carrying $43,910,855, a reduc
tion of $1,422,202 from the total
approved by the House.
In recommending a larger con
tribution by the United States to
ward the District’s annual supply
bill, the Senate committee ad
hered to the stand it has taken In
preceding years in support of the
appeal of the residents of Wash
ington for a more equitable di
vision of expenses.
Nearer 60-40 Ratio.
Senator Bingham, Republican, of
Connecticut, chairman of the subcom
mittee in charge of the bill, said that
in raising the Federal lump sum to
$12,000,000 consideration was given to
the amount of property that is being
taken off the taxable list to make way
for new buildings in the triangle and in
the municipal center area. He said that
the apportionment or the expenses
under the bill as reported is somewhat
nearer to the 60-40 ratio.
The 60-40 ration was fixed by law a
number of years ago, but since 1925 the
house has insisted upon a lump sum
contribution of $9,000,000 as the Federal
The Senate committee cut the House
linm for continuing purchase of land
in the Municipal Center from $3,000,-
000 to $1,000,000, the largest single
Teacher Transfer Eliminated.
Another important change was the
striking out of the provision which
would have required school authorities
to fill all teacher vacancies in the first
four grades of the elementary schools
next year by transferring teachers from
kindergartens, thereby reducing the
number of kindergarten instructors, in
stead of appointing normal school
graduates to vacancies in the grade
In arriving at the net decrease of
$1,422,262 in the bill as reported, the
Senators made many changes in sums
allowed throughout the service. They
\ added, at various places in the bill, a
total of $1,351,738. They eliminated
from other items a total of $2,774,000
giving the net reduction of $1,422,412.
With a Federal contribution of only
$9,000,000, the House had allowed total
appropriations of $45,333,117, The Sen
ate committee narrowed the gap be
tween the District and Federal burdens
by making the lump sum $12,000)000
and the total of the bill $43,910,855.
The Senate committee cut out the
House item of $135,000 for widening
and rebuilding the Monroe street via
duct in Brookland. The Senate District
committee, in this connection, has just
reported favorably a separate bill to
authorize construction of a $500,000
viaduct to eliminate the Michigan ave
nue grade crossing, a block away. This
bill would permit the straightening of
(Continued on Page 3. Column 2.)
PLANE WITHOUT WHEEL
SEEN TRYING TO LAND
Air Fields Here Given Scare by
Report From Citizen of
A citizen of Laurel, Md., this morn
ing reported seeing a red cabin mono
plane with a wheel off circling about
and seeking a landing, and thereby
threw a scare into all of Washington's
Meanwhile, the only red cabin mono
plane to enter Washington did *o a
few minutes after the crash scare was
started, landed on two wheels and a
tailskid, took on a supply of gasoline
at Hoover Field and flew on to Nash
Immediately after the report of the
“disabled” plane was received at Boll
ing Field, the field’s crash equipment,
consisting of an ambulance and fire
apparatus, was put on the (.Derations
line and held in readiness for instant
action. Other fields also were notified
and were on the lookout for the dam
aged ship. After an hour it was con
cluded by all field officials that the
Nashville-bound ship had been sighted
by the Laurel resident av an angle that
made it appear a wheel had been lost.
Crawford to Pay Penalty for Bit
ner Death in November.
James Elmer Crawford, colored, will
not be executed next Friday for the
killing of Philip (Jack) Bitner Thanks
giving day, 1928, at the gas station at
Sixth street and Rhode Island avenue.
Justice Peyton Gordon today postponed
the electrocution until November 14.
An appeal is pending in the Court of
Appeals. Attorney John H. Wilson ap
pears for the accused.
German Naval Group Visits Italy
CATANIA, Italy, April 28 UP).—‘ The
first German naval squadron to visit
an Italian port since the war arrived
off here today, the ships including the
miiser Koenigsberg and six torpedo
boats. The commander, Rear Admiral
Gladish, exchanged visits with local