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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 28, 1930, Image 2

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Half a Peanut Supplies Fuel
for an Hour of Thinking,
Scientists Find.
(Continued From First Page.)
measurements when the subjects’ minds
were at rest. They found that thinking
really Involved considerable activity of
muscles and glands Inside the body. In
the body, as In any other engine, work
changes fuel Into heat. The heat pro- |
duced l* a measure of the food con- <
sumed by the effort. . _ !
Dr. Benedict expressed surprise at the
remarkably small fuel requirement of
the "thinking machine.” He found also
that there Is no cumulative effect of
heat production, the increases follow
ing and subsiding immediately upon the
effort. ~ ,
A new microscope, which makes use
of Invisible ultra-violet light, by which
the scientist can photograph the inter
ior of living cells with a magnification
of 5.000 diameters, was explained by
Francis F. Lucaa of the Bell Telephone
The average living cell is about one
three-thousandth of an Inch in diame
ter. With the penetrating ultra-violet
radiation, Lucas is able to take about
30 Interior photographs of each cell.
The sections photographed are spaced
about one-hundred-thousandth of an
inch apart. All this is done without in
terfering with the normal living activi
ty of the cell. The efficacy of this
method, it was stated, is about twice
that of any other known means, it
is expected to prove of great value in
the study of such diseases as cancer
which is due to obscure abnormalities
of the cells.
Fish Aren't Deaf.
Fish are far from deaf, the academy
was told by Prof. Karl von Frisch of
the University of Munich, Germany. Ex
perimenting with minnows be found
they could be trained to react to tuning
forks and whistles. The sounds were
made simultaneously with feedins
Then the fish were blinded. After a
few dayi they began to snap for the
food as soon as the sound was given,
before it was put in the water
They have about the same nearing
acuteness, Von Frisch said, as nien un
der water. The minnows were trained
to distinguish between two sounds, one
meaning punishment by tapping them
with a glass rod and the other meaning
Sod The best fish, he said, could dte
ttogulsh perfectly between two sounds.
Some have maintained that fish have
practically no sense of hearing but re
ict to sound because of the enect oi
sound waves on their specialty developed
sense of equilibrium. Von Frisch re
moved the apparatus by which the
“nseof equilibrium operates, including
the semi-circular canals wnd found
•'that they could be trained to sounds as
eSy normal fish, in the same time,
withta the same limits and with the
“?S.SS"E£Ti.im Vffii
mackerel, said Dr. Oscar E. Sette of the
Cambridge Museum of Comparative
Zoology. During the last century, the
annual catch has been as large as 120,-
SooSoO and as low as 4,000 W 0 poon*.
This has been explained in the past, ne
said, as due to the fact that the hsher
men were not fishing in the Jight
during poor years. Recent investiga
tions of the Bureau of Fisheries show
there is actually an enormous difference
in the number of these fish in the
Spawn Survival la Cause.
The difference, Dr. Sette said, seems
to due to the survival of the spawn.
Some yeara great numbers reach matu
lty and the next year the fishermen
rton a harvest. Other years someth ing
unexplained happens in the sea which
causes an enormous mortality.
The tubercle bacillus, one of niai* s
worst enemies In the »jmal kingdom,
anneara in several varieties, said S. A.
Petro ™of the Trudeau Sanitarium at
Trudeau N. Y. Some variations are
more virulent than others, possibly ex
plaining why the disease is more deadly
at one time than another. H
tubercle bacilli have been considered the
aame sort of micro-organisms.
In chickens he found three breeds.
One looks like a moth ball. When it
gets into a flock, there is an enormous
death rate. Another is flat and moist
with a smooth surface. Still another is
flat and dry, its center looking like a
lot of tiny pebbles. Neither of the
latter are extremely virulent, like the
found approximately the same
types in bovine tuberculosis. The moth
type almost always produces
tuberculosis In rabbits and guinea pigs.
The others seldom have this effect. The
breeds have not been isolated in human
tuberculosis, he said, but it seems likely
thdf exist and must be taken into con
sideration in further studies.
A remarkable flowering plant from
the sandhills of Southeastern Cali
fornia, which lives on the roots of other
plants, and which may become of com
mercial Importance, was described by
Dr. Walter T. Swingle of the Depart
ment of Agriculture. This is the am
mobroma. It Is found nowhere else in
the world and is practically unknown
among botanists. The plant has a stem
3 or 4 feet long, which is good to eat.
It grows almost entirely underground,
only the tips appearing above the sand
Takes “Food” from Others.
It makes use of the roots of other
plants, some of them about a twentieth
of Its size, to get carbohydrates and
other food materials from the soil. In
addition, it has a root system of its
own for water and mineral salts. The
victimized plant does not seem to suf
fer, Swingle said. Possibly the ammo
broma. like a benevolent tyrant, gives it
water in dry seasons.
The plant is known as “sand root’
by the nearbv Indians, who used to eat
it in great quantities. Everybody who
has eaten It says it Is delicious. Swin
gle said it might be canned like as
paragus and made an Important com
mercial crop.
Some of the filterable viruses, the
smallest known living organisms, which
cannot be detected with a microscope
and whose existence is known only be
cause they will pass through walls of
porcelain In a test tube, attack especial
ly the human nervous system, said Dr.
Simon Flexner of the Rockefeller Insti
tute. They produce diseases, he said, in
many plants and in almost all forms of
animals. Science Is just beginning to
learn, he said, the frequency with which
the nervous system is attacked by these
mysterious little organisms.
The hypersensitiveness to a micro
organism which accompanies recovery
from a disease is unnecessary, said Dr.
Arnold R. Rich of Johns Hopkins Medi- 1
cal School.
Products are mobilized in the blood
stream to resist the invading organism,
he explained. Thereafter they mobilize
Instantly when similar organisms get
into the blood stream, causing in
flamation and destruction of tissue in
the process. This is c. serious problem
in such diseases as tuberculosis. The
organ is defeated by the intensity of its
own preparations for war.
Recent experiments have shown, Dr.
Rich said, that hypersensitiveness is not
necessary for the operation of this ac
quired immunity and that the tissues
can be strengthened against it without
rendering the body more liable to the
Eight-Meteor Yacht Launched.
GOSPORT, England. April 28 <&).—
The eight*meter yacht Vidian, built for
the syndicate of the Royal Canadian
Yacht Club to compete for the Canada
Cup, was launched today. It was de
signed by Charles Nicholson of Sham
rock fame, and Is said to be the only
one ever built in this country for
Canadian Cup competition.
I Veteran Marine Dead

War Commander of Marine
Corps Under Treatment
for Nine Months.
Maj. Gen. George Barnett, who as
commandant of the United States Ma
rine Corps during the World War
helped write vivid pages in the history
of that conflict, and under whose com
mand the Amerioan sea soldiers came
to be known as the “devil dogs” of
Belleau Wood and the Argonne Forest,
died yesterday afternoon, shortly after
4 o’clock, at the United States Naval
Suffering from heart trouble, Gen.
Barnett had been under treatment at
the hospital for about nine months.
His condition became critical last
Thursday, when he contracted pneu
With the veteran fighting man at
his bedside when the end came were
his wife, a stepson, Basil Gordon; a
stepdaughter, Mrs. Henry Suydam, and
a sister and brother-in-law, Mr. and
Mrs. Arthur Nixon, of Minneapolis.
Gen. Barnett’s death had been expect
ed for many hours.
Funeral services for Gen. Barnett will
be held Wednesday morning at 11
o’clock at the Church of the Epiphany,
the Rev. Z. Barney Phillips, rector, of
Burial in Arlington.
Burial will be in Arlington National
Cemetery with military honors. The
body will be laid to rest in the plot re
served for the members of the class of
1881 of the United States Naval
The pallbearers will Include all the
available members of the class of 1881
and In addition these officers of the Ma
rine Corps stationed in Washington:
Brig. Gen. Charles L. McCawley, re
tired; Brig. Gen. George Richards, Brig.
Gen. B. H. Fuller, Brig. Gen. John T.
Myers, Brig. Gen. Rufus H. Lane and
Brig. Gen. Hugh Matthews. Other
names will be added, the announcement
said, as soon as the officers are heard
Dr. Phillips will be assisted by Capt.
Sydney K. Evans, chief of chaplains of
the Navy.
Mrs. Barnett has requested all close
friends of Gen. Barnett to come to the
home at 10:15 Wednesday morning.
Gen. Barnett had spent many of the
years of his later life in Washington
and at the time of his death main
tained a residence at 1712 R street.
Stricken Last August.
His heart trouble necessitated treat
ment at the Naval Hospital last August.
He entered the hospital December 9
and, except for brief intervals at home,
had been confined there up to the time
of his death.
Gen. Barnett was born in Lancaster,
Wis., December 9, 1859. He sought ap
pointment to West Point, but was un
able to get It, and entered the Naval
Academy from Wisconsin, completing
his course in 1881.
He served in practically every Marine
post in the United States, spent many
years aboard the fighting ships of the
Navy and saw service in Marine out
posts in Panama, the Philippines, Cuba,
China and Porto Rico.
When he took over the command of
the Marines it was a small force of ap
proximately 10,000 enlisted men and
less than 400 officers and under his
command it grew to 80,000 enlisted men.
Decorated by France.
Gen. Barnett was awarded the Legion
of Honor Medal of France. For his
war service the United States awarded
him the Distinguished Service Medal.
He also held the Cuban Campaign
Medal, the Spanish Campaign Medal,
the West Indian Campaign Medal and
the Victory Medal.
He served as commandant of the Ma
rine Corps from February 25, 1914, to
June 30, 1920. Later he was com
mander of the Marine Corps Pacific
He was married to Mrs. Basil Gordon,
formerly Miss Lelia Montague of Balti
more. in 1908.
In the World War Gen. Barnett also
was a member of the General Board of
the Navy and of the Secretary of the
Navy’s Advisory Council, and in those
two positions had a big part in the
mapping of plans to win the war.
Eastern Star funeral services, to be
conducted by Lebanon Chapter, No. 25,
for Mrs. Mary B. Brown, 67 years old,
who died suddenly Saturday at her
home, 15 Bryant street, will be held to
morrow morning at 11 o’clock at the
residence. Interment will be in Glen
wood Cemetery.
Mrs. Brown, a native of Virginia, had
resided in Washington since 1890. Dur
ing the past 10 years she had been as
sociated with the Masonic activities ot
Lebanon Chapter. She was the wife of
John Thomas Brown.
Besides her husband she is survived
by a son and daughter, Leland F. Brown
and Mrs. Elsie N. Wauchler of this
city; two brothers, Flave and Elbert
Johnson of Washington, and a sister,
J Mrs. Mae Williams of Florida.
Mrs Kathryn Moore, 37 years old,
died early today at Columbia Hospital
following an illness of 10 days.
Mrs. Moore, whose home was at 3714
T street, came here from Brooklyn,
N. Y., a number of years ago She
served as a Yeoman “F” during the
World War. Funeral services will be
hald Wednesday, with interment in
Arlington Cemetery. The time has not
been set.
Mrs. Moore is survived by her husband
James Moore; a son. James Moore; a
brother, Daniel E. O'Connell, and two
sisters, Mrs. J. J. Roache and Mrs. F. B
Eight Die When Craft Hits
Crowd —Record Flyer
Is Victim.
By the Associated Press.
Airplane mishaps took the lives of 15
persons in four cities over the week end
and another death resulted from in
juries suffered Friday.
The largest toll was taken at Fayette
ville, Tenn., when a stunt plane piloted
by Milton Cobert was caught in a
gust of wind and plunged into a crowd
of spectators, killing 8 and injuring 30.
At Alvord, Tex., James H. Kelly, 25,
once co-holder of the endurance flight
record, ran into a storm at low alti
tude and fell to death with two com
Thrilled by their first plane ride, a
boy and girl at Portsmouth, N. H., per
suaded a pilot to take them aloft again.
The ship hit an obstacle In attempting
to land on a road and they were burned
to death, the pilot escaping with in
A Jammed rudder sent a pilot and a
friend to death at Milwaukee, and Her
bert J. Fahy. widely known flyer, died
at Grayling. Mich., from Injuries he re
ceived at Roscommon, Mich., Friday.
Three Bills, Two Years in
Committee, Declared Ripe
for Action.
By the Associated Pres*.
Senator Wagner, Democrat, New
York, today launched his threefold un
employment relief program on the floor
of the Senate with an urgent plea for
action on all three measures, “the first
three steps,” he declared, “on the road
to stabilized prosperity.”
The New Yorker asserted that “only
this morning” the Labor Department
announced that March had brought “a
further increase” in the number un
able to find work.
“President Hoover has made his
position unmistakably clear,” he added,
calling attention to several public dec
larations of the Chief Executive, which 1
ha said were “in favor of the principle
of this legislation.”
Only two of Wagner's unemployment
measures were taken up by the Sen
ate, but he had served notice that if
necessary he would move consideration
of the third, which would set up a
Federal employment system to co-oper
ate with State agencies.
The other Wagner bills would provide
machinery for collecting complete un
employment information and create a
stabilization board to plan public con
struction on a long-range basis, the lat
ter with a view toward synchronizing
Government work with general employ
ment conditions.
On the basis of “meager figures,”
Wagnjr said he computed that during
the month of January wage earners in
manufacturing plants alone lost $200,-
000,000 in wages.
“Idle men Invariably mean Idle
machines, closed factories, overhead ac
cumulating unproductively, savings used
up, and capital assets consumed,” he
added. On the social side, he said. It
means child labor, for when the head
of the family is out of work, “first
the monther, then the minor chil
dren” seek sustenance. On tb3 politi
cal sides, Wagner warned, “unemploy
ment breeds discontent with govern
Recalling that his bills had remained
two ysars In committee, the New York
er said that "public opinion has grad
ually crystallized In favor of their
Native Washingtonian, Graduate
of Business High School, Buried
in Congressional Cemetery.
Funeral services for Mrs. Edna Ford
Redfleld, who died at Garfield Hospital
Friday, April 25, were conducted at the
S. H. Hines Co. funeral home this aft
ernoon, with interment in Congressional
Mrs. Redfleld was a native of this city.
She was a graduate of Business High
School, a . former member of Esther
Chapter, O. E. S.; a member of the
W. C. T. U., and an active member of
Wallace Memorial Presbyterian Church.
She was the wife of Arthur H. Red
field, mother of Jessie lu Bant, David
H. and Arthur H., jr.; the daughter of
George W. Ford of St. Petersburg, Fla.,
and the late Jessie du Bant Ford. She
also leaves two brothers, George Lee
Ford of Boston Mass, and Raymond H.
Ford of this city.
Led by James F. Duhamel and Wash
ington Topham, representing the So
ciety of Natives of the District of Co
lumbia, and A. C. Clark, president of
the Columbia Historical Society, a score
of native Washingtonians visited old
homes and buildings on Indiana and
Louisiana avenues, C street and John
Marshall place which soon are to be
tom down to make room for Govern
ment building projects.
Mr. Duhamel pointed out today that
there was a building boom in the sec
tion in 1820, during which plans for
most of the present buildings were made.
Nearly all the buildings in the section
are more than 100 years old, and it
was the desire of the group visiting
them yesterday to see them again and
freshen their memories on the part
the buildings have played in the history
of Washington before they are torn
Recent changes in the United States
foreign service include the assignment
to duty in the State Department of
William W. Adams of Washington,
D. C„ vice consul at Havana, Cuba;
William K. Ailshie, Idaho, vice consul
at Havana; Edward Anderson, Jr..
Florida, vice consul at Nassau, Ba
hamas; C. B. Chlperfleld, 111., vice
consul at Windsor, Ontario; Bernard
Ouffler. Kansas, vice consul at Van
couver, B. C.; Thomas A. Hlckok. New
York, vice consul at Toronto, Ontario;
L. J. Knowles, Massachusetts, vice
consul at Halifax, Nova Scotia, and J.
M. Wright, Missouri, vice consul at
Vera Cruz, Mexico.
Winfield H. Scott. Washington, D. C.,
consul at London. England, has been
transferred to Bucharest, Ri^iama.
- <Pi ■
Explorer and Remaining
Members of Party Leave
New Zealand for Home.
By Radio to The Star and New York Tlmaa.
—Admiral Byrd and the remaining con
tingent of his expedition left New Zea
land yesterday aboard the steamer Ran
gitikl for Panama.
At sea he received messages from Gov. j
Gen. Lord Bledisloe and Sir Joseph
Ward, prime minister, wishing him bon
voyage and thanking him for his ex
pressions of good will toward New Zea
land and for their help afforded his ex
The first days out were cool and con
ducive to sleep and relaxation, the first
opportunity Admiral Byrd has had to
rest since arriving in New Zealand.
Among those of the expedition aboard
are Lloyd Berkner and Mrs. Berkner,
Richard Konter, Charles Lofgren, Wil
liam Haines, meteorologist, and myself.
(Copyright, 1830, by New York Times and
St. Louis Post-Dispatch. All rights tor pub
lication reserved throughout the world.)
Situation Reported Frankly
Discussed at Session With
Party Leaders.
By the Associated Press.
Claudius Huston, chairman of the Re
publican national committee, Informed
party leaders at conferences here over
the week end that he would not con
sider resigning his post under the fire
of the Senate lobby committee.
A group of the Republican chieftains,
Including Joseph R. Nutt, party treas
urer; Secretary Hyde, Postmaster Gen
eral Brown, Senator Watson of Indiana,
the Senate leader; Charles D. Hilles,
New York national committeeman; Da
vid Mulvane. Kansas national commit
teeman, and Jeremiah Milbank of New
Jersey, talked with Huston.
The party’s situation as It relates to
Huston was reported by some of those
at the sessions to have been "frankly
Opinion Is Divided.
Some division of opinion as to the
I course which should be followed is un
derstood at the Capitol to have been
revealed. The Republican chairman lelt
no doubt that he would remain at his
Huston disclosed In testimony to the
Senate lobby committee that he so
licited $36,100 from the Union Carbide
Co. as president of the Tennessee River
Improvement Association at a time
when both organizations were Interested
in a private lease of the Muscle Shoals
power property.
He also divulged that he used this
contribution as part of his brokerage
account before turning it over to the
Tennessee River Improvement Associa
It was reported at the Capitol that
complaints were voiced at the Repub
lican conference that as a result of
Huston’s lobby committee testimony,
there have been some difficulties in
raising funds for party expenses.
Leaders Maintain Silence.
None of those present would discuss
the situation and there have been no
indications of any immediate move on
the part of the Republican leaders in
an attempt to oust Huston.
The lobby committee probably will
make its report on Huston to the Sen
ate in the near future.
Since his appearance before the
committee, the Senate has adopt
ed the Norris resolution providing for
Government operation of Muscle
No attempt was made by administra
tion leaders during discussion of that
bill to offer the proposal of the Amer
ican Cyanamid Co. for a lease of Mus
cle Shoals. That lease was favored by
the Tennessee River Improvement As
Party men who have discussed the
situation with President Hoover say
he is deeply Interested, but has no in
tention of asking for Huston’s resig
Congregationalists Announce An
nual Session to Open at 2 P.M.
Speakers Listed.
The Washington Association of Con
gregational Churches will meet in an
nual session in the Ingram Congrega
tional Church, Tenth street and Mas
sachusetts avenue northeast, tomorrow
at 2 p.m.
The principal speakers in the after
noon will be Mrs. D. E. Brown of New
ark, N. J., whose topic will be “Women’s
Work,” and Dr. Ernest M. Halliday of
New York, general secretary of the Con
gregational Church Extension Board.
Following a young people's service at
7:30 o’clock, the evening’s principal
speakers will be introduced.* They are
Dr. Bolivar J. Lloyd of the United States
Public Health Service, who will speak
on “Problems Threatening Our National
Life," and Dr. William E. Gilroy of Bos
ton, Mass., editor-in-chief of the Con
gregationalist and Gospel of Herald Lib
Treasury Position Authorized for
Mrs. Moncure, Whose Husband
Was Slain During Raid.
President Hooyer has authorized the
appointment to a position in the Treas
ury Department of Mrs. Liza B. Mon
cure, widow of a former Washington
policeman, Robert K. Moncure, who
later became a Federal dry agent and
was shot to death with a fellow officer
last January 18 while raiding the home
of an alleged bootlegger at West Palm
Beach, Fla.
Mrs. Moncure was recommended for
the post “without regard to the require
ments of civil service rules" by Secre
tary of the Treasury Mellon.
SUIT ASKS $130,000
The Orange Crush Co. of Chicago is
named as defendant in a suit to re
cover $130,000 damages filed today In
the District Supreme Court by Stephan
D. Lefas, 011 Second street northeast.
Through Attorney Alvin L. Newmyer
the plaintiff says he entered into a
contract with the defendant for an ex
clusive and perpetual franchise to dis
tribute Orange Crush and other bev
erages of the company. The defendant
Ls charged with canceling the contract
March 22.
lP2§§k : -art**.
Riot and rebellion of convicts are fermented at gatherings such as shown in this unusual picture token in the Ohio
State Penitentiary. The inmates of the prison are listening to a convict orator tell of some of the causes of the fire that
took 320 of their fellow men's lives. —A. P. Photo.
Body of Noted Aviator Will
Be Brought to Capital
for Burial.
By the Associated Pres*.
GRAYLING, Mich., April 28.—Ar
rangements were made today to take
the body of Herbert J. Fahy, widely
known aviator, who died yesterday of
injuries, to Washington for burial. He
was a native of the Capital and prob
ably will be buried in Arlington Ceme
Fahy. who was 33 years old, was in
jured when a plane in which he was
attempting to take ofT from a field on
the estate of Cliff Durant, near Ros
common, Mich., turned over last Friday.
He did not regain consciousness.
His wife, Mrs. Claire Fahy, a well
known aviatrix, was in a different cabin
in the same plane. She escaped injury.
Among Fahy’s accomplishments was
a solo endurance flight of 36 hours 56
minutes and 36 seconds, which estab
lished a record in May, 1929. He was
employed recently as a test pilot and
saleesman for a Detroit aircraft manu
facturer and had gone to Roscommon to
sell Durant a plane.
Services for Flyer Will Be Held Here
Fahy’s widow will bring his body to
Washington for funeral tomorrow, ar
riving at 6:30 p.m. The body will lie
at Gawler’s funeral parlors, 1754 Penn
sylvania avenue.
Mrs. Bertha Fahy, mother of the
flyer, who lives at the Embassy Apart
ments, 1613 Harvard street, announced
today that tuneral services will be held
| Wednesday afternoon at 2 o'clock at
Gawler’s chapel. Burial will be in the
Fahy family burial plot in Prospect Hill
(Continued From First Page.)
in a hotel in Alexandria, Va. Police
man Ray Cobean, who investigated this
phase of the case, discovered that the
owner had left the hotel on the night
of April 10. Miss Baker was murdered
the following night.
Cobean said he learned from ques
tioning employes of the hotel that the
man who left the clothing had been
behind in his bill and failed to return
for that reason. An effort is being
made to locate him. however, to find
out whether he knew Miss Baker.
This man is said to have told several
conflicting stories to explain his pres
ence in Alexandria. To one group he
is said to have represented himself as
an employe of a chain store firm which
sent him there to arrange for the open
ing of a new branch. To another he
posed as an agent for a lumber
The Investigators spent a major por
tion of the week end retracing the
earlier steps of their investigation. Maj.
Henry G. Pratt, superintendent of po
lice, and Lieut. Edward J. Kelly, chief
of the homicide squad, spent Sunday
afternoon surveying the Arlington Ex
perimental Farm of the Department of
Agriculture, trying to definitely estab
lish the movement of Miss Baker's
slayer on the night the crime was com
mitted. Other members of the homi
cide squad, with the assistance of the
three witnesses who saw the Navy De
partment clerk struggling with a man
in a car at Seventeenth and B streets,
re-enacted the attack.
The survey of the experimental farm
merely served to puzzle more deeply
the officials as to how the keys to Miss
Baker’s car and the key to her home
in Lyon Park, Va., with a receipted
doctor’s bill, got to a lonely spot about
one-fourth of a mile from the culvert
where the woman’s body was found and
her clothes in a manhole sewer about
equal-distance from this spot.
Contrary to former reports, the offi
cials said Miss Baker’s sedan could not
be started without the ignition key.
For this reason they cannot account
for the finding of the key ring with
the Ignition key about a mile away
from the abandoned car. The only ex
planation advanced for this is that if
the murderer drove the car into the
secluded lane he did not cut off the
motor, otherwise he would have been
unable to have started it again and
driven it to the point on Military road
where it was found abandoned.
The key may have fallen on the floor
during the struggle in the car without
cutting off ignition, it was pointed out,
and later been kicked or dragged out
of the machine when the clothes were
Another explanation offered is that
the person who removed Miss Baker's
hat, coat and pocketbook from the
abandoned car may also have taken the
key ring and dropped it while on the way
to the sewer where the woman's per
sonal effects were found with a collec
tion of stolen jewelry and a novel.
Os one thing, the investigators are
certain - -that the same person who hid
the jewelry in the sewer also put Miss
Bakei's clothing there. The three men
1 who found the articles were questioned
again yesterday and said the stolen
Jewelry and the book were wrapped up
(Continued From First Page.)
ropes for an escape, a machine gun was
mounted on top of the cell block. Other
guards went into the cellar to prevent
any underground escape.
About 1,300 convicts were in the idle
house today. Prison officials claimed a
majority of these were not involved in
the passive resistance campaign, but
leaders of the prisoners said most of the
men were participating in the campaign.
Charles (Chuck) Quinlan and Mur
ray A. Wolfe, two convicts serving long
terms and ringleaders of the “passive
resistance” committee, were taken from
White City this morning.
When the deputy warden, J. C.
Woodard, called the men from the idle
house those remaining began hooting
and cat calling. Quinlan and Wolfe
admonished them to "cut it out” and
keep quiet. Quinlan is serving a term
for robbery and Wolfe for forgery.
Quinlan and Wolfe were removed to
a dungeon called "the hole,” there to
be kept in solitary confinement.
The third leader of the revolting con
victs to go into "the hole” was Joe
Muzeo of Wauseon, Ohio, who is serv
ing from 1 to 15 years for robbery.
Guards took him from the idle house.
Hope that persuasive methods would
put an end to the "passive resistance”
movement was abandoned last night
when another disturbance broke out
after a day of comparative quiet. For
a time it appeared that a break was
imminent and National Guardsmen
stationed outside the walls trained ma
chine guns on the cell blocks in which
the convicts were milling about and
shouting. Quiet was restored, however,
after 1,000 gallons, of coffee had been
Deny Violence Intended.
Leaders of the convicts have de
clared they seek nothing but the re
moval of Thomas, whom they charge
with brutality, and have insisted they
would not resort to violence.
Last night’s uproar followed an
nouncement that 40 new guards would
be placed on duty today.
Night Capt. H. E. Laukhart said the
disturbance was not the result of an
escape plot, but that the convicts ob
jected to being locked in their cells.
Numerous conferences were held
yesterday between Warden Thomas,
city officials and National Guard officers
and once during the day Thomas ad
dressed prison guards privately in the
guard offices, indicating that plans to
stop the passive resistance campaign
were considered before the disorder.
Before daylight this morning, convicts
were seen pacing their cells in apparent
excitement and it was believed they
had learned through their mysterious
grapevine telegraph that today might
climax the week of bedlam that fol
lowed the fire.
While the atmosphere of uncertainty
pervaded the prison. Gov. Myers Y
Cooper was preparing to study the re
port of his board of inquiry which has
completed its investigation of the dis
aster. The governor has not indicated
the action he plans, but it was believed
ithat no individual would be held re
sponsible for the tragedy since the in
vestigation failed to reveal the actual j
cause. In this case, the blame would
be laid at the door of the State, which
the governor has declared is directly at
fault for overcrowded conditions at
State institutions.
«. - ■ ■■
Jahncke Directs Navy Men to Re
member Mothers.
Acting Secretary Ernest. Lee Jahncke
today sent a circular letter to all naval
ships and stations directing that Sun
day, May 11, be observed as Mother’s
day and calling upon service men to co
operate in this observance.
"Every man who has a mother living
should write to her on Mother’s day or,
if possible, be at home on that day,”
Mr. Jahncke urged.
“Where circumstances permit, special
services suitable to the occasion may be
President Sends Nominations of
Examiners-in-Chief to Senate.
President Hoover today sent to the.
Senate the nomination of three exam
lners-in-chief of the United States Pat
ent Office.
Paul Preston Pierce of Maryland
Frank Petrus Edinburg of Kansas and
Elonzo Tell Morgan of West Virginia.
in the woman’s coat, with her hat and
Another mysterious element about
the case which the authorities cannot
understand is if the man seer, with
Miss Baker in the car at Seventeenth
and B streets struck and choked her
there, as witnesses reported, why he
drove over a heavily congested route
after leaving that point. The machine,
it was definitely stated, last was seen
turning north into Seventeenth street
at B street At that time of the eve
ning traffic was heavy on Seventeenth
street. The cherry blossoms were still
in bloom around the Tidal Basin and
scores of motorists were passing en
route to Potomac Park.
To get into Virginia over the route
believed to have been taken by the
driver of Miss Baker’s car, it was ex
plained. it would have been necessary
for the machine to have passed through
Georgetown and across Key Bridge,
where traffic is always heavy between
4:30 and 7 o’clock. Surely, the detec
tives believe, some one would have ob
served the condition of the woman if
she was beaten badly.
Madras Mob Stones Officers,
Injuring Several, in Riot
at Mass Meeting.
By the Associated Press.
BOMBAY, India, April 28.—Two
Indians were killed and three wounded
in Madras Sunday, when British police
opened lire upon an unruly mob. The
rioters stoned the police, injuring both
the commissioner, his deputy and others.
Orders to disperse were answered with
more stones and finally the police open
ed fire.
The trouble at Madras began with a
meeting addressed by members of the
Non-Brahmin Party, a Theosophist, and
members of the All India National Con
gress Party, the meeting adopting a
resolution condemning police behavior
in connection with dispersal of a civil
disobedience gathering at Madras Fri
Prior to the mass meeting there had
been a number of disturbing incidents.
Elsewhere in India there was a week
end of comparative quiet seen by some
observers as the lull before the storm.
Mahatma Gandhi himself, marching
with devotees to capture what he says
are the government salt pans at
Dharasana, continued to preach his
doctrine of non-violence, and to deplore
rioting at Chittagong, Peshawar and
At Simla, Summer capital, Viceroy
Lord Irwin issued a statement In con
nection with re-invoking the press cen
sorship laws of 1910 for suppression of
alarmist native papers, which he con
siders spread alarmist rumors and keep
the people in a state of ferment.
Six Bobbers Hold 17 at Bay, Kill
ing One Who Offers
By the Associated Press.
I BELLMAWR, N. J„ April 28.—Six
masked men shot to death a patron in
the Bellmawr Country Club, a road house j
near here, during a hold-up early to- I
The gun men escaped after robbing i
the guests and rifling the cash register.‘
The victim, William Weirman, 38, of |
Camden, N. J., was shot near the heart ;
when he offered resistance.
Seventeen persons, including em
ployes, were in the road house when
the armed men entered.
Flourishing pistols, the men ordered
every one to “stick ’em up” and line I
up against the wall.
When Weirman refused to obey, one
of the robbers fired at him at close
Hugh Gildea of Upper Darby, Pa., I
another patron, became the target for
a second bullet when he jumped to his
feet and tore the mask from the face
of the leader. The bullet went wild j
Gildea grappled with the man, but was :
overpowered and lined against the wall
with the others.
After rifling the cash register and
searching the pockets of every one
present, including those of the dead
man. the robbers escaped in an auto
mobile owned by a guest.
Crew of 20 Escapes Injury, Though
Bits of Boat Are Hided
100 Feet.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, April 28 —A terrific ex
plosion in the engine room of Cornelius
Vanderbilt’s yacht Winchester, lying off i
the New York Yacht Club in the East;
River at Twenty-sixth street, today blew
part of the deck high in the air and set !
fire to the boat.
Witnesses said pieces of wreckage were
blown 100 feet in the air.
The yacht's aft deck, the after mast:
and the deck awning were thrown high
into the air, and a column of flame
shot through the hole in the torn deck.
The yacht, a 225-footer, formerly was
owned by Vincent Astor. It was built
at Bath, Me., in 1916. She was of 466
gross tons.
Bellevue Hospital and other buildings
along the water front were shaken by
the explosion.
The yacht is valued at more than
The flames were extinguished within
an hour, tugs and other river craft
aiding flreboats.
Marine police said no one aboard the
yacht had been killed and it was be
lieved all members of the crew, which 1
was quartered forward of the engine
room, were unhurt.
At Bellevue Hospital several hundred
patients were made panicky by the ex
plosion, but were quieted by nurses.

Weather May Balk Attempts
of Scientists to Obtain
B r the Associated Pres*.
BAN FRANCISCO. April 28.—The
United States Weather Bureau here
early today forecast unfavorable condi
tion* of the mountain area where
scientist* gathered to watch the solar
eclipse at 11 a m.. Pacific standard time.
More favorable conditions for the val
ley areas in the path of the eclipse
were Indicated, however, the Weather
Bureau said.
Rain was falling at Camptonville.
Calif., at 7 a m.. Pacific standard time,
where the largest group of scientists
gathered, and G. R. R>:ed, weather
forecaster here, said that conditions
liktely would be unfavorable there for
observing the phenomenon.
Mist was reported hovering over the
path of the eclipse along the Cali
fornia-Nevada line at dawn.
The moon, passing in front of the
sun, will cast a shadow a half mile wide
on the earth, and scientists, with the
aid of radio, telescope, airplane and
spectroscope were prepared for an at
tempt to record the event for posterity.
The path of totality will start about
300 miles at sea and sweep eastward
just north of San Francisco across the
Sierra Mountains. Totality will occur
at approximately 11 am. (Pacific stand
ard time).
Ingenuity of scores of scientists will
be taxed by efforts to photograph the
shadow, which will speed at the rate
of 1,200 miles an hour. The total
eclipse will last but 1.3 seconds.
Thousands of dollars have been spent
In minute preparations by scientists,
who stood beside sky cameras, aviators
prepared to soar aloft 15,000 feet to
record the phenomenon.
The largest expedition of scientists,
from Lick Observatory of the Univer
sity of California, was at Campton
ville, Northern California, as it was
through the small town, once a pros
perous mining community, that the
shadow of the eclipse will pass directly.
At Camptonville, intrleate mirrors
and cameras were trained on the skv.
and radio signals from Mare Island
Naval Observatory were to start the
cameras clicking when the moon begins
to blot out the sun.
The last eclipse cast a shadow from
75 to 105 miles wide, but the present
eclipse will be about 3,000 feet. For
this reason Prof. Moore had set up
several cameras within the space of
a half mile.
Clouds were expected today by offi
cials of the Naval Observatory to pre
vent a partial eclipse from being visible
here this afternoon.
Weather conditions were such that
astronomers said it was unlikely that
the phenomenon would be seen from
Washington through even the most
powerful instruments. They added,
however, that if the clouds should clear
up, contrary to Weather Bureau predic
tions, the moon would be seen partially
covering the sun from 2 until 4:20
(Continued From First Page.)
National Council of the Chamber of
Commerce met this afternoon for the
presentation of awards to the six win
ners of the inter-chamber fire waste
contest held in 1929. The contest was
conducted in 382 cities through the Na
tional Fire Waste Council.
Albany, Ga., which won the grand
prize twice, led in the class of cities
under 20,000 population in showing the
greatest decrease for the year in the
' number of fires resulting in losses ol
more than SI,OOO.
The other winning cities were Ro
chester, N. Y.; Erie, Pa.; Lakewood,
Ohio; Watertown, N. Y., and Philadel
phia for cities of more than 1,000,000
Vice President Walter F. Abbott of
Chicago presided at the nominations of
directors representing the chambers of
commerce, while President Butterworth
was chairman of the divisional meet
' ing that nominated national councilors
from trade associations. The council is
composed of one representative from
i each organization member of the cham
: ber. A councilor for each of the nine
j districts, with the exception of two from
! the seventh district, are to be elected
iby the chamber of commerce dele
-1 gates. Eight councilors are to be chosen
by the trade association group.
I The nominees from each district or
1 section are to be reduced to two from
I each in the preliminary balloting. From
j districts where only one nominee ap
pears on the slate, another is to be
Barnes Outlines Business Status.
A summary of business conditions
was Issued last night by Julius H.
Barnes, chairman of the board of the
chamber and head of President Hoover's
j national business survey conference.
I It reported that “American industry
is fully carrying out the construction
program forecast last December.” and
placed the total of building contracts for
j the first quarter of 1930 at $1,100,000.-
1 000. Further, it computed assured State
: and local highway construction for
the year at $1,601,000,000.
During the year’s first quarter, the
1 survey showed, corporations throughout
the country obtained new capital total
ing $1,584,000,000. Call and time money
were listed as having reached new low
levels and savings bank deposits were
reported as increasing in virtually every
In New York State, the report con
tinued. savings deposits for the first
quarter of the year reached a total of
$79,670,000, as against but $14,549,000
during the same period last year.
Although holding generally to an op
timistic note as it touched briefly upon
conditions in the major lines of in
dustry, the survey showed many of the
totals given as below the marks set'
for 1929.
The billion and a half dollars of new
capital so far obtained by corporations
was exceeded by 2 per cent in tfte
first quarter of last year, the survey
showed. Bond offerings so far this
vear were shown 40 per cent greater
j than last.
Rail Expenditures Increase.
! Capital expenditurea oy railroads for
the first quarter likewise were shown
to have increased over the same Deriod
I last year by approximately 4C per cent,
while those by telephone corporations
were listed aa increaaing 30 per cent.
Automobile production tn the United
States and Canada, althougn pissing
the million mark, fell 500,000 short of
last year, the survey continued, while
used car sales and the automobile parts
industry both experienced substantial
lnci eases.
Summarizing, Mr. Barues said the
survey suggested a "manifest adjust
ment of production of goods to current
consumption,” and a continuation of
‘cautious merchandising policies In re- l
tail distribution.”
A partial survey of international
business conditions, included in the
report, said:
“Briefly, world business, with a few
exceptions, has not been in a prosper
ous condition during the Winter
months, but appears now to be on the
mend, as underlying economic factors
show slow but steady improvement.” f

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