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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 29, 1930, Image 1

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WEATHER.
<U. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Partly cloudy tonight; tomorrow fair;
slowly rising temperature.
Temperatures—Highest, 66, at 2 p.m.
yesterday; lowest, 50, at 6 a.m. today.
Pull report on page A-9.
Closing N.Y. Markets, Pages 13,14 &15
No. 31,409.
BORAH CONTINUES
AnACK ON PARKER
IN SENATE SPEECH
Western Senator Declares 28
Republicans Are Against
Jurist’s Confirmation.
OSCAR DE PRIEST ATTENDS
DEBATE ON NOMINATION
Jdahoan Goes Into Details on “Yel
low Dog Contract” Ruling
of Carolinian.
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
The second day of the Senate battle
over the nomination of Judge John J.
Parker of North Carolina to be an
associate justice of the Supreme Court
opened with Senator Borah of Idaho
continuing his attack upon Judge
Parker.
Conflicting claims of strength axe
being made by the proponents and op
ponents of Judge Parker. Opponents of
Judge Parker insisted that there were
not enough votes to prevent the con
firmation of the Parker nomination.
A Republican Senator from the Middle
West, who plans to vote against Judge
Parker, insisted that 28 Republicans
were opposed to his confirmation. If
that were true, only 28 Republicans
would be left to vote for Judge Parker,
and if the whole Senate were counted
It would be necessary to have 21 of
the 39 Democratic Senators voting for
confirmation.
The debate on Judge Parker’s nom
ination crowded the Senate galleries
with visitors and also kept a full mem
bership of the Senate in attendance.
One of the criticisms of Judge Parker
has been that during his campaign for
Governor of North Carolina in 1920 he
declared that the negro should not par
tlcipate in political elections.
De Priest Visits Senate.
Representative De Priest of Illinois,
the only colored member of the House,
came into the Senate chamber to listen
to the debate on the Parker nomination.
Senator Borah, who is opposing con
firmation of Judge Parker's nomination
because of a decision handed down by
Judge Parker as a member of the Cir
cuit Court of Appeals in the Red Jacket
Coal Co. case, today discussed in further
detail the implications of that decision.
The decision in the Red Jacket case,
he contended, upholds the so-called
“yellow dog contract” of the mine own
ers with mine workers. This contract
denies the right of a mine worker to
join a union.
It has been contended on behalf of
Judge Parker that in his opinion in the
Red Jacket case he was compelled to
follow the decision of the Supreme
Court in the Hichman case, more than
a decade ago.
Senator Borah referred to a later
opinion of the Supreme Court in the
Tri-City case, which, Senator Borah
contended, considerably modified the
ruling of the Supreme Court in the
Hichman case. In support of his con
tention he pointed out that Justices
Brandeis and Holmes agreed with the
majority opinion in the Tri-City case,
although they had supported a minority
opinion in the Hichman case.
Have Right to Solicit.
The Idaho Senator declared that in
the Tri-City case the Supreme Court
had held that labor unions had a right
to solicit membership among the mine
workers if there were no threats and
Intimidations and peaceful persuasion
Was permissible.
“I do not know why the Tri-City
case was ignored,” said Senator Borah,
“by Judge Parker. Ido not know why
Judge Parker should have gone back to
the older case unless it was to establish
a ruling which he had in mind. I
would not care to say that he was not
a good enough lawyer to realize that
the Tri-City case bore on this Red
Jacket Coal Co. case.”
Senator Overman of North Carolina,
who is supporting the Parker nomina
tion, Interrupted Senator Borah to call
attention to the fact that there had
been threats, the use of force and vio
lence, as brought out in the Red Jacket
case.
Senator Borah replied that, of course,
the court had a right to restrain where
there were threats and violence.
"But the court went too far when it
also sought to restrain peaceful per
auasion,” said Senator Borah. "The
court had that very point before it.”
Regards Issue Fundamental.
Senator Borah said it was his conten
tion that the Red Jacket case went fur
ther than any other, and that, in his
opinion, the sustaining of the Yellow
Dog contract was not necessary in order
to protect the property and the prop
erty rights of the plaintiffs. The Sen
ator from Idaho declared that persua
sion to breach that kind of contract
could not be regarded as unlawful in
and of Itself.
In summing up the argument. Sen
ator Borah said he regarded the issue
as so fundamental that he could not
give his vote to place on 'the court a
man who hao taken this position on
the question. Senator Borah said the
court is divided and this question is be
fore it again and that if the Senate
puts Judge Parker on the bench "it
would be in effect a decision by the
Senate in favor of the Yellow Dog con
tract."
He closed his speech by saying that
a sacred duty rests on the Senate in
the matter of acting on nominations.
He said the President makes appoint- 1
ments, but that the obligation of the
Senate is greater "because from our de
cision there is no appeal.” He said the
Senate must take into consideration
everything that goes to make a great
judge.
SENATE BODY TO WEIGH
TAXI RULES BILL TODAY
Public Utilities Commissioners to
Appear at Hearing on Proposed
Extension of Powers.
The bill to extend the powers of the
Public Utilities Commission in regulating
the taxicab business is being considered
by the Senate District committee this
afternoon. Representatives of a number
of taxicab operators are expected to be
heard, as well as officials of the Utili
ties Commission.
The committee may also consider
some of the other pending measures
lon which hearing have been held aad
wotrU m ntdji foe dtosittlwt
Entered as second class matter
post office, Washington. D. C.
Local Fans Reserve
Tickets for Coming
Fall World Series
Two weeks don’t constitute a
base ball season and the pennent
race is decided in September, not
April, but so far as a goodly
number of District residents are
concerned the American League
championship already is settled—
> and with the Nationals trium
phant.
This is indicated, at least, by
the mail being received at head
quarters of the Washington Ball
Club. Following the Griffs’ three
straight wins over the world
champion Athletics, letters re
questing world series reservations
at Clark Griffith Stadium began
pouring in. *
In the three mails yesterday
some 100 missives containing bids
for approximately 300 seats
reached the club officials and on
the first mail today 35 additional
communications were received, all
expressing confidence Walter
Johnson’s team will retain its
league leadership ar.d meet the
National League winner In the
diamond classic next Fall. *
HERMAN
PLANE! DISCOVERY
CALLED ACCIDENT
Brown of Yale Says Truth of
Lowell’s Prediction Was
Coincidence.
BY THOMAS R. HENRY.
The recent discovery at the Lowell
Observatory of a new planet beyond
Neptune was described as “a most re
markable accident” and not the result
of mathematical prediction, the Nation
al Academy of Sciences was told today
by Prof. E. W. Brown of Yale Univer
sity.
The late Percival Lowell has been
credited with predicting the existence
of the planet from deviations in the
orbit of Uranus, which demanded the
gravitational attraction of some un
known body. Prof. Brown has repeated
his calculations.
The orbit of Uranus, calculated from
observations of the one and a half
revolutions around the sun since its
discovery, he said, actually does not
require such a body. When the observa
tions are corrected the deviations fall
well within the range of probable error.
It will be impossible, he said, to make
any such predictions from Uranus for
another half century.
Says New Planet Is Small.
The new planet, he said, appears to
be of about the mass of the earth,
many times smaller than that predicted
by Lowell. Observations within the
last few days. Prof. Brown explained,
have shown that it has a very ec
centric orbit and never has approached
close enough to Uranus or Neptune to
have had any observable effect on either
of them.
Prof. Lowell had predicted that a
large planet would be found in a cer
tain place at a certain distance away.
The small planet was actually found
there, but. Prof. Brown said, this could
be nothing but a chance coincidence.
If the transneptunian planet had been
discovered in 1900 it would have been
40 degrees away, or in 1875 90 degrees
awav from the position predicted by
Lowell. The apparent marvelous co
incidence, he said, was due to Lowell’s
accidental selection of data. If he had
made use of the apparent deviations
of Neptune for 30 years longer he
would have located his planet far
from where it actually was found.
Discusses Ottawa Discovery.
Within the last few weeks, it was re
vealed, observers at Ottawa have found
what appears to be another planet on
some old photographic plates which is
temporarily known as planet Y. This
was described by Prof. Harlow Shapley
of Harvard University as a most re
markable body which might turn out to
be a planet, a comet or an asteroid.
While denying Lowell the credit of
discovering mathematically the new
planet, Prof. Brown said that he de
served a great deal of credit for* inspir
ing the long search which finally ended
in a discovery so far from what he had
predicted. “The value of a scientific
hypothesis,” he concluded, “is not to be
judged by its truth, but by the impulse
which it gives to the search for truth.”
Recent tests have established the
theory of general relativity more firmly
than ever, said Dr. Charles E. St. John
of the Mount Wilson Observatory.
He explained that the original Michel
son-Morley experiment, designed to de
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
FRENCH FLYER ANXIOUS
TO MAKE OCEAN FLIGHT
Coste Reported Warming Up Ques
tion Mark as Southern Cross
Trip Is Rumored.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, April 29.—Reports at the
Villacoublay Field today were that
Dieudonne Coste, noted French flyer,
tomorrow will begin trial flights in his
renovated plane Question Mark in prep
aration for a transatlantic trip to New
York. It was said Coste hoped to take
off shortly after the full moon, May 12.
Ccste’s test flights were said to have
been spurred on by a report that the
airplane Southern Cross, commanded by
Capt. Charles Kingsford-Smith of Aus
tralia, was expected in Le Bourget from
I Amsterdam in a few days and would be
ready to take off for New York at the
same time as Coste.
LEAGUE DISCUSSES MOVE TO OWN
PLANES FOR USE IN TIMES OF CRISIS
German Asserts It Should Use Commercial Craft.
Poland Seeks Outright Possession.
By the Associated Press.
GENEVA, April 29.—The possibility
of the League of Nations some day own
ing its own airplanes for use in times
of crisis came before the League's arbi
tration and security committee today.
The German delegate insisted that
the League should not own its own
planes, but should employ the ships of
commercial lines. The Polish delegate,
on the other hand, declared himself def
initely in favor of th< .League ulti
owntaiK iti ova olibouili
Uht lEtimina Jlkf.
v J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION . .
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 29, 1930—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. **
WATER RATE RAISE
CUT FROM D.C. BILL
BY SENATE GROUP
Proposed 5-Year Extension
Program May Become
Conference Issue.
INCREASED TAX LEVY
IN 1932 HELD POSSIBLE
Committee Recommendations Must
Be Adopted and Approved to Bar
Advance, Experts Believe.
The increased water rates for Wash
ington consumers, ordered by the House,
have been stricken out of the District
appropriation bill as reported by the
Senate appropriations committee, it was
disclosed today. Assuming that the
Senate sustains the action of Its com
mittee, the question of the best method
of providing for the proposed five-year
Water Department extension program
will become one of the more Important
Issues to be settled in conference.
This and other recommendations of
the Senate committee in the bill were
looked upon by municipal government
officials today as a boon to the tax
payers of the District.
The increase in the Federal contribu
tion from $9,000,000 to $12,000,000,
which the committee urged, coupled
with the reduction of $1,422,000 it or
dered in the 1931 appropriation, it was
pointed out, will set up a surplus of
nearly $5,000,000, probably forestalling
the predicted increase in the tax rate
in the 1931 fiscal year and permitting
the development of the Municipal Cen
ter without borrowing funds from the
United States Treasury, as proposed.
20-Cent Raise Possible.
Unless the recommendations of the
Senate committee are adopted by the
Senate and approved in conference,
however, the District will be faced with
a tax levy of at least $1.90 in 1932, a
20-cent Increase over the present rate,
according to the careful calculations
of those charged with the District’s
finances.
The 1931 appropriation bill as passed
by the House, together with the salary
increases proposed for police and fire
men, would completely wipe out the
surplus revenues to the credit of the
District in the Federal Treasury and
throw the municipality on its own re
sources in 1932 to provide sufficient
revenue to meet the ever-increasing ex
penses. In other words, the District in
1931, on the basis of the House bill,
would spend $4,000,000 more than its
income in that year. Without the sur
plus to draw on, the tax rate would
have to be increased to $1.90.
Tax Increase Seen.
But in 1932 the surplus will be ex
hausted, unless the plan of the Senate
appropriations committee is finally ap
proved, leaving the District in the po
sition of either drastically reducing its
budget or else raising the tax levy. The
Senate committee’s recommendations,
however, will give the District the $3,-
000,000 additional from the Federal
Treasury, plus the cut of nearly $1,500,-
000 from the House bill to augment Its
depleted reserve, and thus prevent a
higher tax rate.
A graphic picture of the District’s
financial condition as would exist on
the basis of the 1931 appropriation bill
as passed by the House was given by
Maj. Daniel J. Donovan, auditor and
budget officer, at a meeting last night
of the Mid City Citizens’ Associations.
Donovan did not touch, however, on the
changes that would result in view of the
action of the Senate appropriations
committee.
Donovan pointed out that if the $43,-
000,000 carried in the appropriation
bill as passed by the House had to be
paid entirely out of available revenues,
plus the $9,000,000 lump sum contribu
tion of the Federal Government, the
tax rate in the coming fiscal year would
have to be jumped from $1.70 to $1.90.
Otherwise, he declared, the District
would be confronted with a deficit of
$4,000,000 at the beginning of the 1932
fiscal year if it did not have more than
$4,000,000 In surplus revenues to draw
on.
“In 1931 on the basis of the general
revenue charge in the House bill it
would take a $1.90 tax rate to raise the
amount necessary in current revenues,” 1
said Maj. Donovan. “If the proposed In- 1
crease In salaries for police and firemen
(Continued on Page 2, Column 5.)
15,000 SWISS THREATEN
U. S. TARIFF REPRISAL
Resolution Urges Action if an “Un
duly” High Levy Should
Be Adopted.
By the Associated Press.
BERN, Switzerland, April 29.—A res
olution threatening reprisals against
American goods if an “unduly” high
tariff should be adopted by the United
States was voted by an assemblage of i
15,000 persons at Bienne, the center '
of the watch industry in Switzerland.
Resolutions also were sent to the gov
ernment asking it to inform the Ameri- >
can Government of the "indignation
excited in Switzerland by proposed in
creases” in the American tariff.
The Geneva Chamber of Commerce is
considering calling an assembly of all
industries to consider action regarding
the American tariff, particularly that
affecting St. Gall, where the iron, man
ganese and lace industries are central
ized.
saying that provisional arrangement for
the use of commercial craft might be
made.
Lord Cecil of Great Britain tried con
ciliation by suggesting there was really
no serious conflict between the two
views and then threw the committee
and spectators into hearty laughter by
adding:
"Os course, I suppose 15 or 20 yeras
hence everybody will own airplanes—we
shall all of us be using our own, but
I sincerely trust that when that is true,
X (ball be to Another sphere,"
P
DRIVE IS PLANNED
ON RACKETEERS
President’s Message Seen
Behind Move of Justice
Department.
The Government is planning to
launch a new drive on criminal rings
or so-called racketeers In the large cities
through the Department of Justice, it
was learned today.
Every possible factor in the situation
is being canvassed and it is the hope
of the administration that Congress soon
will place large additional powers for
this purpose in the hands of the De
partment of Justice through the bill to
transfer prohibition enforcement from
the Treasury to Justice Department.
This bill has passed the House and is
now being considered by the Senate
judiciary committee.
Not only will prohibition violators be
included, but other phases of law viola
tion as well.
While the word racketeers does not
appear in administration circles, it was
underestood today that this popular
name for the criminal ringleaders in
the large cities will be among the tar
gets for the Government’s drive.
Recent Attack Recalled.
In the Department of Justice it is
known that the field of possibility is
being carefully scanned with a view to
developing every means of co-operation
among the forces of the Federal Gov
ernment for this purpose.
It was recalled today that recently
the Government has been attacking
from the angle of the income tax per
sons who the Government charges have
been evading this law.
This indication of a drive on the
criminal rings of big cities from the
Federal powers followed closely on the
heels cf President Hoover’s special mes
sage to Congress late yesterday. In
this message the President asked Con
gress to uphold his hands in the en
forcement of law. The Chief Execu
tive mentioned several pending meas
ures, including the one for transfer of
prohibition from the Treasury to the
Department of Justice.
The administration is also hoping for
relief from congestion in the courts and
it was learned today the administration
will not oppose any means which prom
ises to give adequate relief from this
congestion. The administration feels,
however, that no one should be denied
the right of trial by Jury.
Taking further steps to handle the
criminal situation, the administration
has also, it was learned today, decided
to take over three more Army camps in
order to use them for relieving conges
tion in the Federal prisons, which are
overcrowded. The Federal Government
should set a standard in the treatment
of Federal prisoners instead of allow
ing overcrowding such as exists today,
according to the attitude of admlnls
(Contlnued on Page 2, Column 6.)
FOUR OF BRITISH SHIP’S
CREW ARE SENT TO JAIL
All Plead Guilty to Charge of Run
ning Liquor Into U. S.—s
Sought as Leaders.
By the Associated Press.
ST GEORGE, S. C., April 29.—Four
members of the crew of the British
schooner Dorothy and Autrey, captured
when it entered Wlnyah Bay, at George
town, March 15r, loaded with 800 cases of
fine liquors, today were under sentence
of six months each in the Dorchester
County Jail.
The men, A. H. Zinck, Gilbert Zinck,
William Jackson and Samuel J. Flood,
all pleaded guilty to violation of the
prohibition law. in Federal Court at
Florence yesterday.
As the result of their apDearance in
court, an indictment has been returned
against Andrew Kar, Henry C. and
Edgar Sanchez, all of Georgia; S. P.
Sirtle of Nova Scotia, and Cleve Hay
ward of Bermuda, by whom the iour'
men alleged they veie employed and
whom authorities,say they believe to be
the principals in a rum-running con
spiracy.
Washington
and the
Bicentennial
Celebration
A series of articles on this great
undertaking in 1932 and some
of the plans now being made
for it begins on page 2 of today’s
Star. The articles will continue
daily. ,
r
Banker, 96,Wh0 Won
Fame by Art Done
After 80, Expires
By the Associated Press.
NORWALK, Conn., April 29.
Alden Solmans, president of the
South Norwalk Savings Bank and
believed to be the oldest active
banker in the United States, died
at his home here today. He was
96 years old.
Besides his banking career, Mr.
Solmans was widely known for
his art work. At the age of 80
he began painting and last Jan
uary exhibited some of his work
in the art center in New York,
where it won favorable praise.
THREAT OF MUTINY
ALARMS ENGLAND
Observers See Menace in
“Unsatisfactory Conduct”
of Sepoy Troops.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, April 29.—Behind a bare
announcement of unsatisfactory conduct
by Garwahll native troops in the riot
ing at Peshawar last Wednesday, ob
servers today saw a threat of mutiny,
with consequent danger to peace in
India.
Until now there has been no word
that loyalty of the native troops, or
Sepoys, had ever been questioned, de
spite their having been called upon at
various times to put down disturbances
growing out of Mahatma Gandhi’s civil
disobedience campaign.
An official India office communique
published today, however, said:
“In view of the possibility of exag
gerated and misleading rumors the
government of India thinks it advisable
to make known that during the recent
disturbances at Peshawar, when troops
had to be employed, the conduct of a
small element, namely, two platoons of
the second battalion of the Eighteenth
Royal Garhwal Rifles, was found to be
unsatisfactory.
Details Are Withheld.
“The battalion has been sent to
Abbottabad, where an inquiry will be
conducted in due course.’’
No details of the “unsatisfactory”
conduct were to be obtained here, and
it was believed the censorship which
has been imposed on news out of India
might prevent further information from
sources there.
Loyalty of native troops to the Brit
ish in the present critical time is of
cardinal importance. The Sepoy mutiny
of 1857 is still too fresh in British
memories not to make people here wor
ry at anything implying loss of disci
pline among the native soldiery, par
ticularly since hitherto there has been
no suggestion of their loyalty falling
under the strain of the general agita
tion.
HINDU CASTES CLASH.
Untouchables Are Bombarded With
Stones and Dirty Water.
BOMBAY, India, April 29 UP). —
Orthodox Hindus and “uqtouchables”
clashed before the temple at Nasik Sun
day. The untouchables engaged in a
demonstration against the higher caste
Hindus, finally drawing from them a
bombardment of stones and dirty water.
There have been several reports re
cently of similar conflicts in other vil
lages. It is said that many untouch
ables are determined to embrace Mo
hammedanism in the hope of securing
relief from high-caste Hindu oppression.
A considerable effort has been made to
have Mahatma Gandhi and the All-
India National Congress promise an im
provement in their condition.
Two Dead in Fight at Village.
The Bombay Times of India, today
in a dispatch from Secunerabad, said
that Hyderabad police Monday raided
' houses of persons suspected of writing
threatening letters to high officials and
spreading seditious literature. Papers,
books and typewriters were seized.
Two Pathans were killed and five serl
(Continued on Page 2, Column 7.)
PLAN AIR-RAIL SCHEDULE
Pennsylvania Railroad to Link
Texas and Pittsburgh in 17 Hours.
PITTSBURGH, Pa., April 29 (£>).—
The Pennsylvania Railroad today an
nounced inauguration of 17-hour air
rail pessenger service between Pitts
burgh and cities in Texas. Passengers
leaving here early in the morning may
reach Fort Worth. Dallas and other
points late in the afternoon. Railroad
officials said fares would be less lhan
the combined rail and Pullman costs.
JUdiA grain— gap £4
NAVAL DELEGATION
LANDS IN NEW YORK
Stimson, Adams, Robinson
and Morrow Given Official
Welcome of City.
B 7 the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, April 29.—The United
States delegation to the London Naval
Conference, headed by Secretary of
State Henry L. Stimson, was home to*
day.
Escorted by the Navy dirigible Loe
Angeles and three destroyers, the
Humphries, Dallas and Barry, the liner
Leviathan, bearing the delegation, ar
rived off Ambrose Light at the entrance
to New York Harbor last night.
Then, followed by the battleship Texas,
the liner proceeded to Quarantine, where
Secretary Stimson and his associates
became the official guests at a municipal
welcome today.
With Secretary Stimson are return
ing Secretary cf the Navy Charles Fran
cis Adams, Senator Joseph T. Robinson
and Ambassador Dwight W. Morrow
The party includes the wives of some of
the delegates, together with their official
staffs and corps of secretaries. Mrs.
Morrow preceded her husband home.
Received by City.
Police Commissioner Grover A.
Whalen, chairman of the mayor’s com
mittee for the reception of distinguished
visitors, arranged to have the municipal
boat Macom leave the Battery, at the
foot of Manhattan, at 7 a.m. bearing
the reception committee.
Official greeting of the delegates
aboard the Leviathan, according to the
program which had been approved by
Secretary Stimson by radio, was fixed at
9 a.m.
Secretary Stimson, responding to the
address of welcome given the delegates
at City Hall today, said:
"We are very grateful for this wel
come.
"Some of us are natives of New York
and have the peculiar happiness of be
ing welcomed by old friends and neigh
bors. But whether native New Yorkers
or not, we all appreciate the warmth
of a New York welcome.
"It is very gratifying to us to be met
at the gateway of home with the knowl
edge that our efforts have met with
your approval. We do not take this
welcome as a personal tribute, but as
an indication of your sympathy with
the great cause of international good
will and peace for which we have
labored.
Good Will Purpose.
“The American delegation went to
London with the primary purpose of
promoting good will between the na
tions of the earth. We believe that
naval limitation is one of the most
direct and potent steps toward achiev
ing such good will. For just as naval
competition between nations leads to
rivalry, suspicion and ever-increasing
competition, so, on the other hand,
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
HUGE PLANT TO CLOSE
Western Electric to Give All Em
ployes Simultaneous Vacations.
CHICAGO, April 29 OP).—The Haw
thorne plant of the Western Electric
Co. has announced it will be closed for
two weeks in July to permit its 35,000
employes to take their vacations simul
taneously.
The plan was agreed upon to elim
inate the necessity for spreading vaca
tions throughout the year and thus low
ering efficiency.
NONCHALANT NAG STUBBORNLY
SITS, BLOCKING BUSY STREET
Name Is Lacking, but It’s Called Plenty as Sidewalk
Jockeys Give Sage (?) Advice.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, April 29.—1 t was a horse
on Clark street, no less, and sitting
down.
A performance of this kind is most
unusual In Chicago, especially on Clark
street, and particularly in front of the
County Building on a busy Monday aft
ernoon.
The horse’s name probably was Maud,
but this Is purely guesswork. She was
called many names. Experienced horse
men were heard to observe that she was
the sittlngest nag they ever had seen.
Crowds gathered and gaped. Hustling
lawyers halted. Learned jurists ranged
themselves among the bystanders. Or
dinary people stood on tiptoes, peer
ing through the crowds to see what
they could see. Street cars were blocked.
AUUU&Ob&M jUQjMi
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour**
The Star’s carrier system covers
everv city block and the regular edi- .
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 118,426
VP) Mean* Associated Press.
VOLLEY HALTS MASS
BREAK FOR LIBERTY
BY OHIO PRISONERS
Two Wounded, One Probably
Fatally, as Mob Storming Guard
House Is Repulsed.
MILITIA COMMANDER IS PLACED
IN CHARGE WITHIN PRISON WALLS
Report on Fire Investigation Indicates
Incendiarism and Not Defective
Wiring Was Cause of Blaze.
By the Associated Press.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, April 29—Open mutiny by scores of Ohio
Penitentiary convicts today forced guards and National Guardsmen to
Are upon a mob of prisoners who stormed the guard house in a mass
attempt to escape. Two convicts fell before the bullets of the guards,
one being wounded seriously.
The convicts, since the fire when 320 prisoners were killed, had
“passively” resisted attempts to control them, but today they dropped
their passive attitude and mutinied.
The two wounded convicts were George Tonoff and Jewell Jolla.
They were serving terms for larceny. Tonoff is not expected to live.
Joffa was wounded in the leg.
Only a short time before Gov. Cooper had announced that order
at the prison must be restored. ...
U. S.C. OF C. SPLITS
ON INSURANCE LAW
Two Defend Compulsory Auto
Crash Liability Plan
in Discussion.
An insurgent outbreak against the
staqd taken by the Chamber of Com
merce of the United States in opposi
tion to the principles of compulsory
automobile Insurance, developed In dis
cussions on the floor today following
the keynote speeches of the opening
general session of the eighteenth an
nual meeting of the chamber.
The controversy arose during con
sideration of various public questions -
which are to be submitted later to the
national chamber for action from the
resolutions committee. The principal
defense of compulsory insurance came
from W. A. Cloud, president of the
National Association of Taxicab Own
ers and a delegate to the convention,
and P. W. A. Fitzsimmons of Detroit,
chairman of the chamber’s insurance
division. Mr. Cloud said that the taxi
cab owners represented in his associa
tion not only favor compulsory insur
ance, but also approve the resolution,
which will be brought before the na
tional chamber.
Recognizes Basic Principles.
This resolution, while it reiterates the
opposition of the national chamber to
the principles of compulsory automobile
insurance, nevertheless recognizes the
basic principles involved in so-called
financial responsibility laws as equitable
and conducive to improving safety con
ditions on streets and highways.
Delegates who opposed any action of
(Continued on Page 3, Column 2.)
hustondenies
EXPOSE THREAT
Holds Implied Knowledge or Ap
proval of Acts Injustice to
Hoover and Party.
By the Associated Press.
Claudius H. Huston, chairman of the
Republican national committee, issued
a statement today saying he had not
"threatened to expose conduct on the
part of Republican party leaders or
organizations leading either to the
nomination or election of President
Hoover which were in the sligthest
degree reprehensible or violative of any
law.”
His complete statement said:
"Recent publication to the effect that
I am aware of and have threatened to
expose conduct on the part of Repub
lican party leaders or organizations
leading either to the nomination or
election of President Hoover which were
in the slightest degree reprehensible or
violative of any law are wholly without
foundation.
“The Implied knowledge or approval
of any such acts is a gross injustice to
the President, to the Republican party
and to me, and it is only because of
the far-reaching importance of such
insinuations that I feel called upon
emphatically to repudiate them.”
happening. The windows of office build
ings were hung with human heads.
All eyes centered on the seated nag
It began to look as though Sitting Bull
was being challenged for a place in
history by Sitting Horse.
The express wagon driver to whom
the animal belonged did a lot of plain
and fancy walking around, trying to
figure away to get the horse into a
walking stance. From the gathering
crowd came frequent sage suggestions,
mostly from persons whose only pre
vious acquaintance with horses had
been in dice games.
The crowd grew to such proportions
that it was quite a task for any one
to get into the Clark street door of the
County Building, even if they had
wanted to.
Finally the Humane Society got busy,
and the horse was assisted up.
No one ever did find -out for what 1
i gmggi km dttimi <aqw&.
A
TWO CENTS.
I When the* mutiny provoked firing,
Col. R. S. Haubrich, in charge of the
National Guard troops, was placed in
command of the situation within the
| walls. The governor Issued orders that
1 martial law was not necessary, but
that the military would co-operate with
Warden P. E. Thomas in restoring
order.
Situation Quickly Quieted.
The situation quieted as quickly as
it had flared up. and within an hour
after the shooting started the two
wounded men had been sent to the
hospital and the revolters were in their
cells.
Many of the convicts took no part
in the rush for freedom.
Outside the walls the prison lawn
bristled with machine guns command
ing every exit. The convicts apparently
realized the utter futility of resisting
further.
Protected by leveled machine guns,
Col. Haubrich ventured up to the en
trance of the cell block.and talked with
several of the prisoners for a few min
utes. When he emerged he said he was
satisfied that the convicts had been
subdued.
Convicts to Be Disarmed.
Gov. Cooper announced that he had
given instructions to the military to dis
arm every convict in the idle house and
to use such means as were necessary to
obtain this end. Coi. Haubrich indi
cated that he expected to do this with
out further resistance.
“The prisoners have promised me that
they will do anything I ask them to,”
he said.
A report was made by the Ohio In
spection Bureau today indicating that
the Easter Monday Are was the result
of incendiarism and not defective wir
ing.
Work Started on Stockade.
The break for liberty came shortly
after National Guardsmen started erec
tion of a barbed-wire stockade in the
prison yard, in which it was proposed
to hold the revolters until the hundreds
of cell locks had been repaired.
Columbus police reserves, summoned
when the disorder started, were clear
ing all the streets in the vicinity of the
penitentiary.
Glass in the guard room door and in
small windows of the cell block was
shattered by the convicts, who carried
such weapons as clubs and bars of iron.
Ordered by the warden to go back to
their cells, the convicts continued their
rush. They retreated at the first burst
, of firing, but a moment later had re
massed and made a second rush. Auto
matic rifles spat bullets into the mob
and this time they fell back and took
refuge in cells.
Four additional companies of Guards
men were ordered to the penitentiary:
Company A, Marietta; Company B,
Marion: L of Athens and a howitzer
platoon armed with one-pounders from
Ironton.
There are now 500 National Guards
men at the prison.
Troops Replace Guards.
All prison guards in the guard room
were ordered removed. and were re
placed with National Guardsmen, who
were armed with machine guns, auto
matic rifles, side arms and tear gas
bombs.
The effective putting down of the re
(Contlnued on Page 2, Column 1.)
ROGERPEACOCiTwiNS
IN QUALIFYING ROUND
District’s Junior Golf Champion
Turns in Score of 75
to Head Field.
Roger Peacock of Indian Springs, the
District’s junior golf champion, led a
large field today in the first half of the
qualifying round of the Washington
Golf and Country Club invitation golf
tournament with a score of 75, five over
par. Peacock was out in 37 and back
in 38, including a 6 on the fifteenth
hole for his card of 75. In second place
was a clubmate of Peacock's, a youth
named L. Hill, who played with Pqp
cock. Hill registered a 78. Other lead
ing scores follow:
V. G. Burnett, Beaver Dam, 81; Dr.
L. S. Otell, Indian Spring, 81; E. W.
Cushing, Washington, 82; Jack Clancy,
Georgetown University, 82; J. L. Mc-
Carron, Congressional, 83; C. W. Stod
dard, Manor, 85; M. Kraft, Argyle, 87;
G. C. Billiard. Bannockburn, 87; Robert
Dougan, Washington, 87; R. M. Brown,
Beaver Dam, 88; J. C. Putnam, Manor,
88; L. E. Flaherty, Bannockburn. 89; G.
J. Richardson, Indian Spring, 90.
The other half of the qualifying field
will play tomorrow, with five flights
scheduled to qualify for the match play
rounds starting Thursday morning.
Helen MacKenzie Marries.
LONDON, April 29 (£’). —A large num
ber of prominent people filled Brompton
Parish Church this afternoon when Miss
Helen MacKenzie, niece of Randolph
Bruce, lieutenant governor of British
1 Columbia, was married to Julian I. Pig- f
coW Mr. Bruce gave tfte bride awajr, f

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