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WASHINGTON YEAR FOR NATION IN 1932 Bicentennial Committee Ex pects Celebration to Stir. Every Citizen. This is the second of a series of articles on the plans now being for mulated under the auspices of the Federal Government for the year long, Nation-wide George Washington bicentennial celebration, which its sponsors declare will be “the great est celebration thus far known in history.” It is not to be held in one place, but it will center isl the Na tional Capital, where the principal events of the 1932 series of programs will occur. The next Article will ap pear tomorrow. BY DONALD A. CRAIG. “The directors of the celebration are ambitious to make 1932 a Washington year, during which every citizen of the United States will have more or less thought about the founder of the Na tion,” said Senator Simeon D. Fess of Ohio, vice chairman and active head of the George Washington Bicentennial Commission, during a discussion with a representative of The Star of the Government’s plans for observing the 200th birthday anniversary of Wash ington. . President Hoover, who is ex-omcio chairman of the commission, will take the leading part in the high-water mark” of a series of celebrations that will cover the Nation, with Washing ton City as their center, beginning with the 150th anniversary of the surrender of Yorktown, October 19, 1931, and last ing through the year 1932, when George ■Washington's 200th birthday anniver sary will be observed by a series of cel ebrations never before equaled, accord ing to Senator Fess, in the history of any country. Under the supervision of the com mission, explained Senator Fess, the details of these celebrations are being planned by the two associate directors chosen a few weeks ago by the Commis sion-Representative Sol Bloom of New York and Lieut. Col. U. S. Grant, 3d. ••Up to date,” said Senator Fess, “there has been nq concrete effort to ward the formation of a specific cele bration program. This work will go forward from now on. 7 Co-operation Is Desired. “The directors will communicate with local officials and seek the co-operation of various agencies to insure the suc cess of the greatest celebration thus far known in history." Naturally and properly, Senator Fess went on to say, the principal celebra tions during the many months that tne bicentennial observance will continue will be held in the City of Washington. For. as he pointed out, this is the city which, in addition to being the Capital of the Nation, was founded by Washington. He chose the site, super intended the laying out of the beautiful streets, avenues and parks, planned the public buildings and predicted a gTeat , future for it, such as perhaps no other man of his generation, or those who immediately followed him, ever dreamed. Then, too, Mount Vernon, the beau- : tiful estate on the Potomac River—the ( home which George Washington loved above every other place, which he never forgot during the stress of his military ; campaigns and to which he returned for | a period of repose whenever an oppor tunity arose—is but a few miles south of the city on the Potomac River, and by the bicentennial year it will be con nected with the city by one of the most , i.»»aujjicent boulevards, running close to j the scenic shores of the historic river, that exists anywhere in the world. A- ■ ready the work of constructing tms , boulevard has begun. . _. ] It also is regarded as eminently fit- , ting by those who are planning the bi- , centennial program that the National , Capital should be the center of cele- , brations that, it is hoped, will be even ( worldwide in their scope, for the added reason that the city is named in his , honor— Washington. i Perhaps not every person knows that j George Washington, who labored so , hard that the Capital of the infant Re public should be placed midway be tween the North and the South on the . Potomac River and is mainly responsi- : ble for its specific location ana its ap pearance today, did not select its name. He never called it the City of Wash ington. To him it was always the Federal City." Wishes Not Regarded. But. by common consent, the Na tional Capital was called by bis name, regardless of what may have been his own modest wishes in the matter. Never was any place more popularly, more spontaneously named than the City of Washington. “There will be a series of programs, said Senator Fess, “properly sorting with the 150th anniversary of Yorktown. “The high-water mark of the series should be the week of February 22, 1 1932 At that time the President of the United States will make an address which should be heard throughout the world, in every corner which civiliza tion has reached, and if television is then sufficiently developed not only will the voice of the President be heard but there is a bare possibility that his face will be seen. “The President will speak here in Washington, probably at high noon. It is expected that each State will co operate with the Federal Government on that particular occasion and have the State program so arranged that during the period when the President is speaking audiences, wherever gath ered. will listen to his voice as the official utterance of the day. “The State can have its own per formance as it may desire, whether be fore or after the President speaks, but the President’s speech will be part of each State program.” Senator Fess then spoke of the other celebrations that will center in Wash ington during the remainder of the bicentennial year. They are being worked out by the United States Com mission and special committees in co operation with the District Commission, with the directors of the bicentennial directly in charge, he explained, in a manner that will insure the fullest co operation of local and Federal agencies and the success of the “most ambitious celebration ever undertaken in honor of an individual.” . ... ~ While keeping in close touch with all that Is being done, the national com mission is leaving the details to the two associate directors. Monthly Programs Planned. “It is planned,” continued Senator Fess “to have a program each month from February to November in 1932, from one to three days long, up to and Including Thanksgiving day.” First explaining that the plans are thus far only in a tentative stage and may be changed in many particulars. Senator Fess consented to give a few of his ideas concerning the kind of programs that may be held here and in the States in the bicentennial year. "The March program might be known as the governors’ program,” he said “The April program might be regarded as the religious feature; the May pro gram, the memorial program; the June program, the flag program; July, the national natal program, etc. “In other words, each month will have a dominant note for its program, around which the celebrations for that month will be arranged, enlisting the co-operation of all the associations throughout the country bearing upon vws particular phase of our national “in addition to these celebrations in Washington, the directors are planning with the officials of the various States to insure State programs, so that the Interest will extend to every locality. Dies in Florida BRIG. GEN. R. L. HOXIE. FIND BLOOD STAINS IN DOUBLE KILLING Traveling Companion of Two Slain Brothers Unable to Explain Spots. By the Associated Press. MUSKOGEE, Okla., April 30.—Alleged blood spots found on a coat worn by John W. Wike, one of two traveling companions of George and David Smith, Connecticut capitalists, today added more mystery to the slaying of the Smiths here Saturday night in a hotel. Wlke, whose home is in Sharon, Conn., and P. G. Seeley of Washington, Conn., the fourth member of the auto mobile party whose visit to Oklahoma ended in tragedy, are to be given pre liminary hearings today on charges of murder. Both deny any implication in the slayings, asserting the Smiths, who were brothers, were shot by two robbers who fought with the victims in their hotel room. Warnings Not Heeded. Reports from Connecticut that George Smith, whose home was in Cornwell, Conn., and David Smith. > ho lived in Sharon, had been warned against cer tain “hard characters” in Oklahoma today added another new phase to the investigation. Wike, Connecticut dispatches revealed, had attempted to dissuade the Smiths from making the trip because of these “characters,” and had said that “no one could tell what they might do to a fellow.” Announcing that they sought more information concerning the warning, police were attempting to check all persons with w T hom the brothers had come in contact during the trip. State’s investigators last night said that three spots found cn Wike’s coat had been declared by a chemist to have been made by human blood. Unable to Explain Spots. Wike told Philip K. Oldham, assistant county attorney, he was unable to ac count for the spots, which were on the back of the coat, :iear the shoulder. Officers were particularly interested in the alleged bloodstains because they said Wike previously had denied being in the room when the brothers were slain. Investigators believed the blood came from a wound In David Smith’s throat. They said they were seeking to determine how the coat could be stained if Wike was in another room. Wike has contended, officers have revealed, that he was in an adjoining room when the Smiths were slain. The brothers occupied adjoining rooms, with a connecting door, and Wike’s story, which investigators have been unable to shake, Is that he was in one of these rooms, with the Smiths, when the two men entered. Desperate Fight Follows. A desperate fight started when the two unknown men appeared, Wike said, and the four fought their way into the adjoining room, where he heard shots. Then the two intruders came back to the room where Wike had remained bound and gagged him, robbed him of a small amount of money and carried him into the room where the dead brothers lay. The Smith brothers were traveling through Oklahoma investigating mort gages of the now defunct New Milford Security Co. of Connecticut. TWO WOMEN HELD IN DEATH OF YOUTH Hiss Bussell and Mrs. Walsh Are Lodged in Jail to Await Grand Jury. A coroner’s jury this afternoon held for action of the grand jury, Miss Martha Louise Russell, 24, of 204 D street northeast, and Mrs. Lillian E. Walsh. 20, of 1223 Fifteenth street who were In the automobile which Sunday night struck and hurled a colored youth to his death in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Both were lodged In Jail. Police took the girls in custody shortly after the accident in which Fillmore Ray, colored, of 1013 Twenty-ninth street, was killed. Police said the girls admitted they were in the machine and that Miss Russell was driving it. Ray was riding a bicycle along Canal road, just below the Foxhall road inter section when hit, according to the police. The car left the scene and was traced by the tags. Ray was pulled from the canal with his skull fractured. It would be impossible properly to stage a celebration of such significance as the 200th anniversary if it were con fined to Washington City. “The main purpose is to appraise again the wonderful influence of this man. and in order to do that each State i must be awakened to the significance of the event. It must be made of in terest to the State, as well as a matter ' for co-operation with the Federal Gov i ernment In a national affair. "Under the co-operation of the direc i tors here in Washington, who will be amply equipped through organization I for all legitimate publicity, the States ■ will be requested to take leading parts ! in this enterprise.” ! How the States will co-operate in this year-long celebration and how the I various foreign governments, all of , which will be invited to participate, t will honor the memory of George Wash • ington will be the subject of some of i the following articles in this series, i Something more will also be said about I the permanent memorials already au thorized—the Washington Boulevard, ) the restoration of Wakefield, birthplace S of Washington, and the publication for j the first time of the definitive writings i of Washington for the use of the public . and of scholars all over the world. THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, P. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 1930. GEN. RICHARD HOXIE I EXPIRES IN FLORIDA Veteran of Two Wars Was Identified With District for Many Years. Brig. Gen. Richard L. Hoxle, United States Army, retired, veteran of the Civil and Spanish-American Wars and prominently identified with the Gov ernment of the District of Columbia for many years, died at his Winter home at Miami, Fla., yesterday, following a long illness. He was 86 years old. Gen. Hoxie was a member of the old Board of Public Works of the District of Columbia and engineer for the Dis trict from 1874 to 1878 and, subse quently, under the new form of govern ment here, served as assistant to the Engineer Commissioner from 1878 to 1883. He was identified with several of the leading clubs and other organiza- I tions of this city. He had resided here at 1632 K street the greater part of the I time since his retirement in August, 1908. After* preliminary funeral services at (Miami, the body will be brought to this city for burial, at a time to be fixed later. Advanced on Retirement. Gen. Hoxie, who was a colonel in the Engineer Corps prior to his retirement, was advanced to the grade of briga dier general when placed on the retired ILst, due to his distinguished service in the Civil War. 1 Richard Leveridge Hoxie, the son of Joseph and Jacqueline Barry Hoxie, was born in’ New York on August 7, 1844. He was educated in Italy (1851- 1858), lowa State University <IBSB - was appointed from lowa and was graduated at the United States Military academy in 1868. When a boy of 17 years he enlisted as a private and became a bugler, later a corporal in Co. F, Ist lowa Cavalry, serving during the Civil War. And it was after this service, in 1864, that he entered the Military Academy. Gen. Hoxie's career at West Point was conspicuous in many ways. His ideals of personal honor were the high est and he was always ready to fight to maintain them. The esteem with which he was held by his West Point comrades was life long. Gen. Horatio Gates Gibson, before his death a few years ago, said. “Hoxie was the whitest man I ever knew, from West Point down.” • • , ' • Grant Trusted Him. Among his comrades in the Military Academy was Fred Grant, son of Presi dent Grant, who. although in a lower class, was an enthusiastic admirer of his code of ethics and talked about him so much at home that President Grant became interested. A few years later, when charges of graft and corruption in the engineering department of the District of Columbia made a change of administration - advisable, Gen. Grant sent for the list of Army engineers then in the District. Looking it over, he Immediately selected Gen. Hoxie’s name with the statement, “I know Hoxie and can trust him. If there is any dishonesty he will find it and have it stopped.” The time when Gen. Hoxie served as engineer of the District of Columbia was one of the most important in the development of Washington for the city had then outgrown all of its previous plans for public utilities. He established new sewer systems which were so well constructed that they are in good con dition today. One of his most Im portant works was the planning of the water supply system for the City of Washington. This included the great filtration plants. His design called lor the building of a large underground aqueduct, which was original. This proved so efficient that it was copied by the New York Water Commission in the development of its Croton River project. He laid out a part of Rock Creek Park also many of the most Important streets and public squares in the city. After leaving Washington Gen. Hoxie was placed in charge of rivers and harbors for the Southern district, with headquarters in Montgomery, Ala. While in Washington it was said that he gave positions to more Southern officers than other officials. This fact together with his tactfulness during a difficult period in the South won for him many warm friends among former Confederate sympathizers. Was Astronomy Teacher. For some years Gen. Hoxie was pro fessor of astronomy and other sciences at Willetts Point, the post-graduate school for Army engineers. He held many important posts in different parts of the country. Immediately after grad uation from West Point he W’as as sistant on Western explorations under Lieut. Wheeler. He did some daring and important exploring. In Utah he discovered a creek which still bears his name. His engineering activities in cluded the construction of defenses, establishment of lighthouses in addition to improvements of rivers and harbors. During the Spanish American War Gen. Hoxie was in charge of fortifica tions along the New England coast down to and including New York City, which was considered the most im portant area liable to attack. He was always an Indefatigable w’orker, fre quently overtaxing his strength, as he was never a robust man. Just prior to his retirement from active service in 1908, in conformance with the law, he was practically doing the work of three men, being In charge of offices in Phila delphia, Baltimore and Washington, spending part of every week in each place. Three Engineer officers were re quired to fill these vacancies caused by his retirement. Acted as Advisor. Although physical limitations pre vented his taking active duty during the World War, he gave valuable serv ice in an advisory capacity. As Gen. Hoxie was an expert on fortifications and in touch with all work of that kind from Maine to Savannah, he was called Into consultation frequently, at one time going to Washington from lowa at his own expense to give advice requested. In 1878 he married Vinnie Ream, the talented sculptress, who died in 1914, leaving one son, Richard Ream Hoxie. i Gen Hoxie was married the second time in 1917 to Mae Ruth Norcross. Since his retirement Gen. Hoxie had divided his time between his Washing ton residence, his boyhood home in lowa City and Miami, where he had 1 spent the Winter months for a number of years. He was a close friend and , adviser of Henry M. Flagler, pioneer j developer of the Florida East Coast. , Gen. Hoxie is survived by his widow. . his son. two nieces, Mrs. J. Harrison Smith of Philadelphia and Miss Marie 1 Louise Harrison of New York City. Gen Hoxie was a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, . the National Geographic Society, the , Grand Army of the Republic, the Sons ; or the American Revolution, the Loyal Legion, the Metropolitan Club, the Army , and Navy Club and the Cosmos Club of this city, and at one time belonged to . the Duquesne Club of Pittsburgh and , the University Club of Baltimore. r ’ Berlin Protests Air Flights. f BERLIN, April 30 (jP).—The foreign . office today instructed the German t embassy in Warsaw to protest against - Polish military aircraft flying over the , German border. p The action' follows wide-spread ex r pressions of Indignation in the press s over what is characterized as “Polish s airplane espionage” in Eastern Ger many. HYDE ANSWERS FARM-AID CRITICS Secretary’s Vigorous Defense Climaxes Series of Attacks on U. S. Policies. (Continued From First Page.) later with members of the chamber on his proposal. "How many of you,” Mr. Legge asked, “will match dollar for dollar my sub scription in helping put such an organi sation into effect? . It is not too late. The problem is still to be selved.” After no one answered, the Farm Board chairman said he would be glad to hold open his offer and discuss it with any of those Interested at a later time. Assails Failure to Act. Previously the failure of the Cham ber of Commerce “to take any con structive action to improve the farm situation after voting overwhelmingly In 1928 in favor of the principle of co operative marketing,” had been assailed by Chairman Legge. The Farm Board chairman was out spoken In his criticism of “bankers and business men who met the crisis In the stock market last Fall With more than half a billion dollars, but failed to vol unteer any aid when the commodities market faced a like crisis,” although by doing so, he said, "they would have per formed as important if not a more val- I uable service to the country than sav ing the stock market.” "Instead,” Legge continued, “there was criticism of the Farm Board for giving necessary assistance that could not be had from any other source.” Millett Urges Repeal. An entirely different view of the policies of the Farm Board and the act which created it was presented by Mr. Millett, who attacked its policies as part of “a fantastic dream of stabil ization” and urged the repeal of the The law creating the board, Millett challenged, violates In its intent and purpose "the sound and proved rule of business that penalty of loss must rest upon the loser.” This he termed an ever present controlling factor tending to promote efficiency. Mr. Millett declared that the men in the great marketing and distributing centers of the country with their enor mous investments of capital “properly fear the workings of this act.” “It is evident in the long run,” he continued, “that they cannot compete with their Government, which they sup port and supply with funds through taxes—which taxes are used to their undoing.” The final fight on the Farm Board will come tomorrow when the cham ber is called upon to take official ac tion on its policies as embodied in the report from the resolution committee. Middle West grain dealers attending the convention are back of the fight against the board. In his defense of the board, Chair man Legge declared Congress definitely had committed the country to the principle of co-operative marketing of farm products and that the agricul tural marketing act supplies the means necessary to help the farmed help him self out of his major economic diffi culties. “The Farm Board is going to give him every assistance permitted by law,” he told the chamber. Legge Answers Sharply. “I am sure that most of you will agree that you know more about the agricultural situation and how to meet it than I do,” he said. “A considerable percentage of your membership have made that clear and perhaps the best answer I can make is the statement that, if this be true and you really do know so much about it, the situation presents a severe indictment of the or ganization, which having full informa tion of the facts, has made so little effort to remedy the situation. “Certainly, none of you have seen any evidence of constructive action on the part of the Chamber of Commerce or any of its affiliated organizations, with the doubtful exception of taking a referendum two years ago, looking to a remedy for and permanent improve ment in the situation which your own investigators had warned required sub stantial assistance, if not from you, then from your Government.” Chairman Legge cited the report made in 1927 by the Nagel commission appointed by the chamber and the Na tional Industrial Conference Board which recommended agricultural sta bilizing “through corporations financed jointly by farmers’ co-operatives, private business interests and the Federal Gov ernment.” He also reminded the cham ber that in 1928 it had gone on record in favor of co-operative principles by a vote of member associations of 2,816 to 117. In his attack on the Farm Board, Mr. Millett said he assumed through out his address “the inefficiency of the Government operation of business in this country.” He described the func tions of the Farm Board as applied to agriculture as “practically limitless.” The board becomes, he charged, “the advisor, the banker, the builder, buyer and marketer for agriculture, and it may well become finally the dictator.” Reduction Policy Is Hit. The crop reduction policy of the Farm Board was repeatedly assailed by the Denver banker. He asserted it was a recognition by the board of the “doctrine of scarcity,” which would make combination effective through the control of production. This policy of decreased production, he claimed, "vir tually nullifies the agricultural financ ing acts and the work of the Depart ment of Agriculture for the last half century.” Mr. Millett praised the policies of the Department of Agriculture during this 50-year period, declaring its efforts to Increase production was aimed at reducnlg the unit cost of production. “What a glaring inconsistency,” he said, “to set up at the cost of the tax payers one set of Government institu tions to increase agricultural production, and lessen Its cost, and then turn around set up another galaxy of Gov ernment institutions to increase the price of the thereby created surplus and to limit its production." The Denver banker asserted that what the business interests need is “not more combination, including farmers, but less interference with the law of economic supply and demand, function ing through price.” He prefaced his attack on Govern ment policies with a reminder that he did not wish to criticize the indi vidual members of the Farm Board “They have in no way,” he assured, “gone beyond the provisions of the act under w'hich their organization was created.” Wetterau Condemns Act. The Secretary of Agriculture was fol lowed by Henry C. Wetterau, president of the New York Mercantile Exchange, who declared heatedly that his organi zation had unanimously condemned the agricultural marketing act and that he was relaying their demand that it be repealed as unfair and unjust to inde pendent business interests. Then W. C. McCabe of Duluth, repre senting the grain trade, maintained the ills of the farm act had been visited upon the grain trade more than any other business. He denounced what he declared to be a scheme on the part of the board to force grain producers to accept terms and provisions of contracts they did not always like and bind them to deliver their products to central agencies. "You can’t find anything anywhere to so upset the normal course of busi ness as this sort of action indorsed by the Government has done,” he said. “The independent grain merchant can not hope to meet this situation. It is the ruination of his business. It is MILITIA AND CITY POLICE END OHIO JAIL RIOTING unfair and unAmerican and we de mand that the marketing act be modi fied.” Meanwhile, Harrison F. Jones of Chi cago, representing poultry, butter and j egg merchants, had advocated a cham -1 ber vote to condemn the farm act. This brought from John Brandt of Litchfield, Minn., representing the Lond o’ Lakes creameries, an expres ' sion of hope that the delegates would ' "have the good business sense” not to ’ make a fool out of yourselves by pass -1 ing this resolution condemning the board and asking repeal of the agri ! cultural marketing act.” Brandt Defends Policies. ! Brandt said that as a member of the • Chamber of Commerce agricultural com i mittee he had at first been prone to : criticize some of the possibilities likely , to develop from enactment of the agrl : cultural marketing act. He added that he had had the opportunity to see the Farm Board work, and that now he was a strong defender of its policies. “I’ll bet,” he said, "that if this act had operated so as to gather all the farmers’ produce and dump it into the laps of somebody else to sell and make a profit on it the whole $500,000,000 in the revolving fund could have been spent and we would not have heard one com plaint about it here today.” Brandt recalled that the Land o’ Lakes creameries had received some $2,000,000 in loans from the Farm Board at a time when the butter mar ket was seriously imperiled. He said that virtually every cent of that loan had been paid back. As a result of the Government's timely assistance, the producers of butter and those Interested financially in the distribution of it, had been saved a tremendous loss, he added. “If you pass this resolution here to day you’re going to do more to disturb the welfare of this country than any thing else you could do,” he said. Following the usual round table con ference of the divisions this afternoon, Gov. Albert E. Ritchie of Maryland will address the fourth general session to night on "Centralization of Powers in the Federal Government.” Other speakers include Dr. Thomas Reed Powell of Harvard Law School and Gov. Harry G. Leslie of Indiana. The former will speak on ’Hampering of State Taxation by Federal Laws and Decisions Bearing on the National Bank Act.” Gov. Leslie will deal with “State Control of Local Expenditures.” Hoover’s Action Is Praised. Headed by Secretary of Commerce Lamont and Julius H. Barnes, chair man of the President’s National Busi ness Conference, the second general session last night centered around a discussion of "business stabilization” and praise of President Hoover for speedy action toward stemming the downward sway of business following the depression of six months ago. Secretary Lamont said that the Pres ident’s business conference last Fall definitely had lessened “the depth of the depression and thus reduced it earlier than its duration.” “The time now is at hand,” he said, “when business men should get behind a policy for the further development of statistics on production, stocks, em ployment, the construction industry and many other activities, which would make it possible to keep business in formed currently as to the basic facts upon which policies must be predicated.” Barnes compared actions taken fol lowing the depressions of 1921 and 1929. Frederick S. Snyder of Boston, board chairman of the Institute of American Meat Packers, likewise lauded President Hoover’s swift activity following the market crash. Alfred Reeves, general manager of the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce, said: “We over estimated good conditions and we simi larly overestimate the declines when business is slowing down. Facts serve to put the brakes on these excessive swings.” Six Round-Table Sessions. During the afternoon delegates split into six round-table conferences on banking, exporting, construction, indus trial development, inland waterway transportation and natural resources industries. John W. Pole, controller of currency, told the banking conference that bank merger movements had gained such mo mentum in the United States that re shaping of Federal law might be nec essary, nnd should be considered. Roy A. Young, governor of the Fed eral Reserve Bank, urged the enact ment of legislation permitting the es tablishment of branches by national banks. Dr. John M. Gries, chief of the di vision of public construction of the Department of Commerce, announced before the construction group that pub lic construction contracts during the first quarter of 1930 had Increased 33 per cent over the same period last year. Assertion that business is now emerg ing from a recession world-wide in scope was made before the exporting conference by W. L. Cooper, director of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce of the Department of Com merce. Cooper said the United States was in a position to take advantage of any advance. DAUGHTER OF DIPLOMAT WEDS IN FAMED CHURCH Miss Tyrrell of England Becomes Bride of Adrian Holman at Notre Dame Altar. By the Associated Press. PARIS. April 30.—The famous Church of Notre Dame de Paris today was the scene of the wedding of Miss Anne Tyrrell, daughter of Lord Tyrrell of Avon, the British Ambassador to France, to Adrian Holman, one of the secretaries of the British embassy. It is several years since a social event brought such an outflowing of the high lights of international society. The French government was represented by high officials, all the members of the diplomatic corps attended, and leaders i of French, English and American so i ciety were present in large number. I ppei Ohio National Guardsmen with machine guns trained on the “White City” cell block at the Ohio State Penitentiary. , Lower: Colnmbns, Ohio, police reserves stand by in the Ohio State Peni tentiary yard while convicts march to breakfast. Associated Press Photos. i LAMONT REVIEWS ! U.S. CONSTRUCTION ) : Tells Contractor's Executive 1 Board Present Trend of In dustry Is Encouraging. ! ; The present trend of the construe ' tion industry is encouraging, Secretary . of Commerce Lamont told the executive ; board of the Associated General Con tractors today at their convention at the Washington Hotel, which will come to a close this afternoon. While recounting figures which 1 though below records of the first quar ter of 1929 are higher than those of the same period of 1928, Secretary La i mont bespoke efforts to improved • methods for credit and financing ar rangements for home building. Contracts for construction of com mercial and industrial buildings dur : ing the first quarter of this year, he reported, though 15 and 17 per cent, respectively, under the corresponding period a year ago, were higher than ’ during the same period of 1928. ‘‘Figures for the month of March,” he said, were distinctly encouraging, with $80,000,000 worth of awards for commercial buildings, well above the same month in 1929 or 1928, and $74,- 000,000 for industrial buildings, sub stantially above any other first quarter month during the preceding three years. These are encouraging figures. Public Work Increased. "As you know, public buildings and public works construction contracts during the first quarter of 1930 in creased 35 per cent, compared with the same period of 1929. Public works and utilities contracts during the first quar ter, amounting to $303,000,000, were 55 per cent higher than a year ago and are approximately 25 per cent higher than the previous high record for the period made in 1928. The railways and other public utilities have made their splendid contribution by going ahead substantially according to schedule with the largest program on record for capi tal expenditures for the group as a whole, ‘‘The executives of these organizations have thus given the best possible evi dence of their confidence in the future of American industry —a confidence which I believe has been well Justified ' by developments and in which I be lieve we may all wisely share.” Discussing the financing of construc tion, Secretary Lamont said: “Generally speaking, there is ample credit available at reasonable rates for all legitimate and sound undertakings. Loans for home building are still diffi cult to arrange in many districts; local bankers are pretty well loaded up with real estate mortgages. But, with am ple credit and low money rates in large trade centers, it is a question of only a few months before mortgage money will be available again." U. S. Must Maintain Plants. The policy of the Corps of Engineers of the United States Army in carrying on the huge building programs for the Government is to avoid placing the Government in competition with private : industry, but the Government must maintain construction plants to handle work where private contractors are un able to meet specifications or to submit "reasonable" bids. This explanation of the relations of the Government to the private con tractor, which have been tlje subject of criticism from private industry over the awarding of contracts, was voiced by Maj. Gen. Lytle Brown, chief of Engineers, United States Army, in an address yesterday before the contractors. . “The branch of the Government with which I am connected,” he said, "ex -1 pends about a hundred million dollars a year for services, supplies and con struction work. The settled policy is to do as much construction work by con tract as possible, he said, because: “1. It is contrary to our principles i to place the Government into competi tion with private Industry. “2. In the long run, contractors can, 1 by all odds, do work much more eco -1 nomically than can any agency of the , Government, and with a highly skilled organization can do it better. “There are occasions when the Gov ernment must do work by hired labor. They are, in general: Where it is ap i parent that bids to do the work will ■ not be received: where bids that are ’ received are unreasonably high: and 1 in cases where the work is of emergency i nature that will not permit of the for ' mality of receiving bids and making contracts.” WAR DEPARTMENT SHOWS BATTLE LOSS | LESS THAN CAR TOLL (Continued From First Page.) “astounding” figures made public by the department, it might be a good plan to ! formulate some sort of a Kellogg pact to outlaw automobile traffic. The press release, which was sent out to the Washington newspapers without comment, read as follows: “Grlm-visaged war reaped a toll of 102 Washingtonians during the 19 months we engaged in the World War. These were battle deaths and deaths from wounds. The monthly average was 5.4. Twenty officers were killed in action and six died of wounds. Fifty nlne enlisted men were killed in action and 17 died of wounds. “As a destroyer of life, the automo bile is more efficient by far, as is shown by the District of Columbia Health De partment’s report. In 1928, the astound ing number of 115 Washingtonians were killed by motor vehicles. The average monthly harvest was 96, a' compared to the 5.4 credited to the god of war.” Inquiry at the War Department elicited the information that figures showing the war casualties and auto mobile casualties in each State were being sent to all the Army corps areas, so that similar press releases might be issued all over the country, giving the comparison between the horrors of war and of automobile traffic in every State. Several Army officers at the depart ment. when pressed for an explanation of the “mystery” of the War Depart ment’s sudden interest in traffic fatali ties, said that the press branch was trying to show to the people of the Nation that the deaths in war were not as many as those in automobile acci dents in peace time. "Casualties all over the country from automobiles are becoming terrific,” said one officer. “When you look at these figures, war does not seem to be such a bad thing, after all.” COX ANDPEACOCK TIE IN GOLF PLAY Former Misses Ten-Foot Putt to Take Lead at Washington Club. William J. Cox was tied at 75 with Roger Peacock of the Indian Spring Club early this afternoon for the lead in the qualifying round of the Wash ington Golf and Country Club’s invita tion golf tournament. Peacock regis tered his score of 75 yesterday, which was tied shortly after noon by Cox, who missed a 10-foot putt on the eighteenth green to take the lead. Two remarkable shots were recorded today by a brace of entrants in the tournament. E. F. Wesely of the Manor Club holed a pitch shot for an eagle 2 on the par 4 thirteenth hole and followed this performance by scoring a birdie 2 on the par 3 fourteenth hole. Burt P. Garnett of Washington se cured an eagle 2 on the par 4 sixth hole by sinking his pitch shot. Other leading scores today follow: C. M. Whitman, Indian Spring, 76; Charles R. Morrow, Indian Spring, 78; J. W. Harvey, jr., Indian Spring, 80; E. S. Wesely, Manor, 81; G. V. Lover ing, unattached, 82; Louis Fuchs, Ban nockburn, 84. Several of the leading players of the city were scheduled to play this afternoon. —■■ ■ ■ ■ »" BAND CONCERT. By the United States Marine Band Orchestra, this evening at 8:15 o'clock, at the auditorium. Marine Barracks; Taylor Branson, leader; Arthur S. Wit comb, second leader. Overture, "Mountains of the North,” Tregina Waltz, “Afternoon in Italy”. .G. H. Hicks Vocal solo, “Shadow Dance,” from “Dinorah” Meyerbeer Lillian Fairchild Jesso, soprano, guest soloist. Tone poem, “Indians of America,” Scharbau “Cabin Dance” and “Through Storm Clouds," from the suite “The World Fliers” Dean Shure "Symphony in C Minor” E. Potter Marines’ hymn “The Hal’s of Monte zuma.” “The Star Spangled Banner.” Many fanners in Chile are complain ing that agricultural prices are below production costs. ROVER DISREGARDS GRAVELY VERDICT Declares Detective Must Face Grand Jury on As sault Charge. Decision to disregard Police Court action exonerating Spottswood P. Gravely, suspended third precinct policeman, of a charge of assaulting James Crotts and to present the case to the grand Jury was announced today by United States Attorney Leo. A. Rover. Witnesses will be summoned for next Tuesday, Rover declared. Judge Robert E. Mattingly in Police Court yesterday ruled that “the law justifies the shooting in this case. There was reasonable, probable cause for belief that a felony had been com mitted and these men or one of them was fleeing from the scene.” Crotts, Silver Spring carnival show man. was shot down by Gravely when he attempted to leave the scene after Rose Marie Poster, occupant of an apartment house in the 1900 block of First street, had informed Gravely that Crotts, Ardie C. Swortzel, a suspended fourth precinct policeman, and John G. Elgin had attempted to extort money from her. The three men are under in dictment on the extortion charge. Rover's action followed hard on the heels of an announcement by Supt. or Police Pratt that Gravely would be brought before the Police Trial Board on charges growing out of the shooting, Pratt taking the stand that the Police Court exoneration did not have any bearing on the trial board case. The case was to have been heard to day, but was continued until Saturday morning. Maj. Pratt declared it would be pos sible for the trial board to find that Gravely had violated police regulations, even though he had committed no crim inal offense. He added, however, the trial board undoubtedly would take into con sideration the fact that the detective had been exonerated in Police Court. Gravely entered a plea of not guilty of unauthorised use of firearms. INDIA BORDER PASS CLOSED AS BRITAIN FIGHTS SMUGGLING (Continued From First Page.) elude proficiency in carding, spinning and in the manufacture of miniature spinning wheels. Prominent women in Gujerat last night dispatched a letter to Viceroy Lord Irwin expressing sympathy with Gandhi’s campaign of civil disobedience to the salt laws. GANDHI’S SON SENT TO PRISON. NEW DELHI, India, April 30 (JF). — Devi das Gandhi, youngest son of Mahatma Gandhi, Indian nationalist leader, today was sentenced to one year's rigorous imprisonment. He had been charged with sedition and was the second son of Gandhi to be sentenced to prison during the pres ent disobedience campaign. TROOP STATUS IS MYSTERY. BOMBAY, April 30 (iP).—Mahatma Candhi took occasion at Bilimoria yes terday to denounce British dictation in a statement on the revival of the native press consorship law by the viceroy in which he expressed the hope that "tame submission to British rule has gone forever.” Addressing a meeting at Machakadi Creek, in the Gujerat. he asked his hearers to disregard the provisions of the censorship act. “I hope the people of India will not be frightened by this ordinance. If we have decided to hand over our bodies to the authorities, let us also be fully ready to hand over our property to them. But don’t let us sell our souls. "I would, therefore, urge newspaper men and publishers to refuse to furnish security, and if called upon to do so, either to cease publication or challenge the authorities to confiscate whatever they like. They may confiscate the type and the machinery, but they won’t confiscate our pens, and still less our speech.” The reported disaffection among the government’s native troops at Pesha war, on which an official statement was issued, still remains somewhat of a mystery in Bombay. An inquiry is un der way and details probably will not be published until it is over. The statement merely said that two platoons ot the 2d Battalion of the 18th Rcyal Garhwal Rifles had not per formed satisfactorily in the recent riot ing at Peshawar, and that they were being transferred to Abbottabad pend ing Investigation. The strength of the civil disobedience campaign was indicated yesterday in the re-election of J. M. Sen Gupta as mayor of Calcutta for the fifth time. Sen Gupta now is serving six months’ rigorous imprisonment on charges of sedition and conspiracy growing out of the Gandhi campaign, PIMLICO ENTRIES FOR TOMORROW. FIRSTT RACE—Purse, *1,300; 2-year-olds; claiming; 4Va furlongs. •Babie .. 100 Jolly King 116 Seyburn Lass ... 108 Imaginary 113 Baldachino .... 107 Also eligible— Play Vote 114 Observation 105 Boy Messenger .. 112 ‘Shield .... 11l •Sweet Senorita.. 108 Noisy Miss 107 Abduction 116 Dunlin’s Lad •. . 110 Miss Dinwiddie.. 113 Grey Nanny . . 105 Voltabush 11l •Explore 102 Meek 109 SECOND RACE—The Billy Barton Steeple chase. J 2.500 added; for hunters; 5-year-olds and up; 3 miles. Barbwire 154 Markham 150 Nictas 150 a Short Horn . . 184 Jim K 146 Galloping Hope .. 146 a Ovster Bed .... 154 b Sara'of . Jag Morning Sun ... 164 Graeme '’ 150 Radeo 154 San Romolo :jo b Dravon Devertu 157 Tod 81o»n 150 b John Bosley, Jr., entry. THIRD RACE—Purse, $1,300: 3-year-olds and up; claiming; maidens: 1 mile and 70 yards •Brown Mouse ... 100 Svria C. ... 114 Sea Myrtle 10.* Honesty 115 Pull Measure 110 Also eligible—' •Princess Henry.. 104 Broker .... H 0 King Kelly 114 *Rock d‘Or .. !' lis •Trapland 102 ‘Gnome Bov ins Tailspin 109 ’ennyweight .... 112 •Muskogee 105 Staccato 110 Behave Cash ... 114 Do Tell 105 Dun Ro 114 FOURTH RACE—Purse. *1,300: the Blue Ridge Claiming Handicap; 3-year-olds and up: 1 mile and 70 vards. Sanford 114 Gold Mint 108 Montserrat 118 Judue Bartlett . 109 RedclifTe 107 Bounding Deep .. 108 FIFTH RACE—Purse. $1,300; 2-year-o!d maidens: 4',? furlongs. Miss Grace 115 Royal Mvsterr . 118 Sun Parched 115 Light Step . , 115 Jolly King 118 Overshadv .. 115 Mate 118 Lucky China 118 Aulularia 115 Also eligible Redoubtable .. 115 The Fives 118 Trapstar 115 Trapball 118 Dealer 118 SIXTH RACE—Purse. *1.300: the Hilltop; 3-year-olds: I mile and 70 yards. Fortunate Youth 109 Flnlta 106 Lost Agnes lOti Sun Craig .... 12* Armageddon .... 109 Black Aobot ... 109 Swtnfleld 109 Woodcraft ... . in BEVENTH RACE—Purse. *1.300: 4-vear olds and up; claiming; 1 mile and a furlong. Immortal 112 ‘Cottage Boy ... 110 •Turf King 107 Imbros 112 •Mountain Grass 102 a'Boyish Br.b ... 102 a*Pire Opal 105 *Cane Fesr 107 •Forest Lore .... 107 *Ruban Rouge .. 107 •Rock Candv ... 107 ‘Mainsheet .... 102 a Norvo-E. Hildebrandt entry. Weather cloudy; track fast. •Apprentice allowance claimed. j - » —-. Norway reports that its whalers gath ered 1,450,000 barrels of whale oil dur ing the season just closed.