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CHILD HEALTH DAY IS OBSERVED HERE WITH MANY CLINICS Program Also Includes Activi ties on Several City Playgrounds. SCHOOLS ALSO TAKE PART BY TRAINING CHILDREN I i Beginning of Work Preceded by Presentation of Flowers to Mrs. Hoover. May 1. officially set aside by a joint resolution of Congress and designated by proclamation of President Hoover as “Child Health day,” is being widely observed throughout the National Capi tal with programs designed to render direct aid to promoting the health of Individual children and to educate both parents and children how to promote health throughout the year. Nearly 100 per cent of the school children of the District are participat ing in games and other activities of a health educational nature, while hun dreds of children were treated during the morning at the various Health De partment centers and at several other * centers, with a number of the latter also holding clinics this afternoon. In addition to the operation of the health centers, 85 dentists of the Dis trict of Columbia Dental Society, un der the direction of Dr. James Brown, chairman of the society’s oral hygiene committee, are treating white children at their offices, through appointments arranged in co-operation with public school nurses Likewise 25 members of the colored dentists organization are treating colored children at their of fices. Playground Programs. An extensive program of May day activities has been arranged for the 44 playgrounds here, under the direction of Mrs. Susie Root Rhodes, director, while a number of schools and other institutions have special programs, help ing round out the activities of the day. Linking in with the child health activ ities of the day is the meeting of the committee on recreation and physical education of the White House Con ference on Child Health and Protection, which convened in its second meeting in the Interior Department Building. The group had assembled many facts pertaining to child welfare which it deemed appropriate to report on at to day’s sessions. Col. Henry Breckinridge of New York, Assistant Secretary of War under President Wilson, president of the National Amateur Athletic Fed eration and president of the Amateur Fencers’ League of America, is chairman of the committee. . As an appropriate preliminary to Child Health day exercises, five litUe children yesterday afternoon carried a basket of flowers to Mrs. Hoover at the White House, and in presenting them wished her a speedy recovery from her illness. Children at White House. The children delivering the flowers and greetings to Mrs. Hoover were Joan and Jewel Davis, daughters of the Sec retary of Labor; David Witcover, son of Mr. and Mrs. Wallace Witcover; Bob by Kaemmerer, son of Mr. and Mrs. R. J. A. Kaemmerer, and Jack Baker, son of Mr. and Mrs. George Baker. They were accompanied to the White House bv Mrs. Ernest R. Grant, chair man of the Tuberculosis Children’s San itarium committee. Dr. Joseph A. Murphy, chief medical examiner for the public schools, chair man of the local Child Health day com mittee, representing all the various health and educational groups of the city, in an official notice of the day’s activties, declared: “The keynote for May day, 1930, is Sarent co-operation in community child ealth and protection,” adding that the slogan is, “Every parent and every com munity united for health for every child.” The schedule for treatment of chil dren at the health centers and hos pitals was outlined for the day as fol lows: Children’s Tuberculosis Clinic, 512 I street—Open from 1:30 to 3 p.m. Chil dren to be given complete examination, Including X-ray of the chest. Plans for Clinics. Child Welfare Society clinic, Chil dren’s Hospital, at Thirteenth and V streets, for white children, 10 to 12 noon, with Dr. Edward B. Brooks, Dr. Joseph Greenlaw and Dr. Robert Bier in charge. Afternoon period, Dr. Eliza beth Chlckering and Dr. Bernard Notes in charge. Social service department, Children’s Hospital, Miss Anna B. Hunter in charge, open from 9 o’clock in the morning until 3 in the afternoon; Dr. P. A. McLendon, physician. The following Health Department centers were open until noon, with phy sicians in charge as follows: Georgetown Hospital, Dr. R. L. De- Saussure, Dr. Thomas Linville; 2304 Pennsylvania avenue northwest. Dr. C. H. Hixson, Dr. William F. Burdick; 330 C street northwest, Dr. Margaret Nicol son, Dr. C. B. Conklin; 588 M street northwest, Dr. M. T. Rosser, Dr. G. W. Heitmuller; 5827 Georgia avenue north west, Dr. Preston Haynes, Dr. A. Nimet, Dr. R. H. Ford; 900 Maryland avenue northeast, Dr. A. J. Steinberg, Dr. Harry J. Ong; 2012 Rhode Island avenue northeast. Dr. William G. Meiman, Dr. E 3. Coole; 1205 Pennsylvania avenue southeast, Dr. E. E. Chickering, Dr. J. S. Arnold: 1201 Talbert street south east, Dr. B. Notes, Dr. W. F. Greeaney; 480 E Street, Dr. W. G. Symmonds. Dr R. McNitt; Freedman's Hospital (col ored), Dr. J. E. Trigg, Dr. A. Carr and Dr. F. R. Cook. , , , Dr. Rebecca Stoneroad, physical training director of the public schools, as chairman of the committee on school May day activities, said that teachers in all the schools had taken keen interest in preparing special programs for the day in which health is stressed as part of the regular program. The programs include short speeches, compositions, drawings, readings, exhibits, plays and outdoor sports. ' Many of the schools have planned outdoor festivals with dances, games and exercises to which parents and friends are invited. Health Plays Planned. Similar activities are reported by Miss Anita Turner, physical training director of the colored schools, with special pro grams at the Miner Normal School, in cluding health examinations for the pre-school children and Held sports in the afternoon. Also she notes special health plays at the John F. Cook School, J. C. Payne, principal; at the Military Road School, Miss R. E. Tulli ver, principal, and at the new Bell , School, Miss J. E. Page, principal. The playgrounds programs include games and sports from 3:30 to 6 p.m. The programs will vary; in some of which athletic efficiency tests will be conducted, while in others team and mass games will be played and field > and track events will be run off. On the Mitchell Park Playground a HEALTH DAY TEST HELD Little Marilyn Blanken, 4*4 years old, was one of the first to appear at the Health Clinic, 5327 Georgia avenue, this morninr, where the George Truesdell pupils held their health round-up. —Star Staff Photo. AIRPORT LACK HERE DELAYS AIR BEACON Washington Only Station on Coastal Route Still With out Plane Guide. Lack of a permanent municipal air port is holding up the establishment here by the airways division, Bureau of Lighthouses, of the Department of Com merce, of radio range beacon service on this section of the Atlantic coastal air way. Beacon stations are under con struction at all other necessary points along the airway, but so far no site ha 6 been selected for the National Capital’s beacon station. The radio range beacon’s function is to lay out a directive radio beam along the airway to guide the pilot from air port to airport through fogs or storms which prevent him seeing the ground. In order to function properly, the bea con station must be placed on the line of the airway, preferably close to the airport. The Eastern Air Transport contract airmail line now is operating out of Bolling Field. Bolling Field, however, is to be abandoned by the Army Air Corps, which will move its local flying field to a site south of the present field. The airmail service will be transferred to the National Capital’s municipal air port, if and when this airport is estab lished. One of the first radio range stations in the country was constructed at Had ley Field. Newark, N. J.. the New York terminal field of the Eastern Air Trans port line. The beacon station at Rich mond, Va., is to be completed in about a month, and stations are under con struction at Greensboro, Spartanburg and Atlanta, leaving the National Capi tal as the only major gap in the line. In view of the prevalence of fogs along the coastal route, establishment of radio range stations is regarded as of the greatest importance. At present all mail pilots flying through fogs or storms must operate by ‘‘dead reckoning. Radio range service, it is believed, would be of the greatest benefit to them and to other pilots who must fly the route. SPEED LIMIT URGED FOR BOATS IN RIVER Ten Miles an Hour Maximum for Craft Is Suggested by Maj. Pratt. A speed limit of 10 miles per hour for water craft in the Washington Channel, the Georgetown Channel and the Eastern Branch was suggested to the Commissioners yesterday by Maj. Henry G. Pratt, superintendent of police. This matter was considerably agi tated last Summer, when Roland M. Brennan, chairman of the District’s wharf committee, charged that the waves set up by speed boats was dam aging the District’s wharf property and endangering other craft. At the time the corporation counsel wrote an opinion that the Commissioners had power to impose the speed limit, but speed boat interests arranged a “gen tlemen’s agreement” that no speeding would be done in the channel, and the regulation was not adopted. The matter again came to the fore this Spring, when Col. U. S. Grant, 3d, director of public buildings and public Barks,8 arks, inquired whether the harbor po ce were given power to enforce speed restrictions in the Washington and Anacostia Channels. Maj. Pratt rec ommended that the following order be issued: "No vessel, boat or water craft of any description shall be propelled at a greater rate of speed than 10 land miles per hour on the waters of the Wash ington Channel or the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River between the docks and a point opposite to Halns Point or on the waters of the George town Branch of the Potomac River above the Memorial Bridge.” health parade for little children will be staged. A song and dance festival will mark the day at Hoover Playground. Rosedale Playground will have com munity singing to follow the athletic 1 program. Virginia Avenue Playground will have health exercises and a posture ' class for young ones, the older ones hav -1 ing sports and games. Folk dances will ! be conducted on all the playgrounds, | and to boys and girls who have won 1 athletic badges since January, 1930, ; buttons will be presented. At both Neighborhood House and Friendship House children of the kin ' dergarten classes will present plays. Miss Jeannette Holt will have charge at 1 the former and Miss Alice Byars at the latter house. At the Jackson School the Associa ■ tion for the Hard of Hearing, under the > direction of Miss E. E. Sargent, is con -1 ducting hearing tests with a new appa ratus, said to test 4|» children at one t time. v SRE MOTHER JONES. 1 TODAY' CELEBRATES Officials and Friends Are Guests at Home in Chillum, Md. American labor’s Joan of Arc, Mother Mary Jones, was honored today on her 100th birthday anniversary at a mam moth celebration at the home of friends near Chillum, Md. Numerous ranking officials of the American Federation of Labor and other friends of the fiery organiser gathered at the country home of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Burgess to participate In the exercises, informal In nature. A large throng milled around the front of the Burgess home as Mother Jones was helped to the front porch, where she was greeted by her admirers. The porch was draped with Amer ican flags and bunting and several score flags were arranged in rows in the front yard. Numerous floral offerings were deposited on the porch. Music was furnished by the Soldiers’ Home Band which played patriotic airs. Gov. Albert E. Ritchie of Maryland, Secretary of Labor James J. Davis and William Green, president of the Ameri can Federation of Labor, were expected to arrive later in the day to participate in the reception. Mother Jones was in the best of humor as she shook hands with the visitors. Bhe exchanged anecdotes with old friends who passed across the flower bedecked porch. Telegrams and letters from all parts of the world congratulating the labor organizer on her birthday, poured into the home all day. Attacks Prohibition. for * “talkie” news reel, Mother Jones made a bitter attack against prohibition, appealed to the country’s women to be more active in national affairs and criticized the use of jails. “Prohibition has done more harm than anything else that ever happened since this country’s birth,” Mother Jones declared. “What right," she de manded, “has any man to tell me what I shall drink? I’d much rather have beer than water." Mother Jones declared It had been "a great privilege to live a hundred years and see progress American labor has made. You must remember that America was not founded on dollars, but on the blood of brave men, men who gave up their lives for your bene fit. Our lives are In the hands of labor. There Is no movement with the great power of labor, but we must use It.” Comment to Friend. After she continued speaking when the movie apparatus had ceased operat ing, Mother Jones turned to a friend and said: “What in hell’s the matter? Did you ever hear a woman say enough?” Among those in Mother Jones’ audi ence were E. N. Nockels, secretary of the Chicago Federation of Labor; Charles E. Young, executive secretary of the Washington Building Trades Council, and William M. Leath, president of the Columbia Typographical Union. shortweekgoes INTO EFFECT HERE Building Trades Workers Start Today on Five-Day Program. The five-day week for building trades workmen, one of the favorite objectives of organized labor, went Into effect In Washington today on a scale that is universal In the industry here for all practical purposes. Short week agreements obtained re cently by the bricklayers’ and the car penters’ unions became effective with the coming of May 1. tnus bringing into the five-day haven virtually all the branches of the building trades. Builders point out that now it will be impracticable for any work to be done on the sixth day, since workinen in all major lines now are on the short week plumbers, steamflt ters and electricians previously obtained the five-day week here Washington thus becomes one of the few cities of the United States, where the five-day week has been univereally adopted. The bricklayers, under the new agree men, running one year, are to get sl4 a day. or S7O a week, as compared with sl3 a day, or s7l.M>, for the five-and-a half-day week under which they pre viously operated. The carpenters will get sll a day. or $55 a week, under their new agreement, which also run* “ compared with $lO a day which, under the flve and-a-half-day week, brought the total also to SOS for tke week. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1930. * MOORE'S MARKET PLAN IS EXPECTED TO BE APPROVED Hall Indicates Favorable Re port Will Be Made Soon on Proposal. TREASURY BUILDING PROGRAM IS CITED Operators Crowd Subcommittee Boom at Hearing, With Sev eral Testifying. After a brief hearing this morning before the Hall subcommittee of the House District committee, Chairman Hall announced that a favorable re port probably will be made as soon as possible on the Moore substitute for the Smoot resolution, which passed the Senate last October, providing for con tinuing Center Market until the land is needed for a Federal building. Mr. Hall announced the Treasury offi cials have told him it has been defi nitely decided to erect the Archives Building instead of the Department of Justice Building as heretofore scheduled on the Center Market site, and that specifications for the foundations are being worked out with the prospect that building operations will start in the Fall. Representative Moore of Virginia ex plained his substitute, which besides providing for continuance of Center Market, directs that the Secretary of Agriculture shall give 90 days’ notice to occupants of the intention of the Gov ernment to close the market when the date for construction has been decided upon. Mr. Moore emphasized that the market property has been operated with an excess of receipts over expenditures to the extent of $117,000. He called attention to the importance of continu ing the market, not only to those who have stands leased in the structure, but for the farmers who bring their produce there. Several score market operators crowd ed the committee room, several of whom testified to their interest in having the market kept open until there is some definite determination as to when the Government will require the site for the Federal building program. Joseph Wells, who said that he repre sents the man holding the largest space in the present Center Market, stated that last night in New York he signed the contract for a new center market to be built here by private capital to the extent of $2,500,000 on a site within five squares of Eleventh and F streets and holds an option on that site. His statement was challenged by Os car D. Roberts, vice president of the Association of Center Market Dealers, who declared that this and other at tempts were being made to force out the dealers in the Interest of other market enterprises. The Center Market dealers declared their satisfaction with the Moore sub stitute and Chairman Hall said that this legislation was satisfactory to the Treasury officials in charge of the pub lic building program. The hearing today was short on ac count of the session of the House start ing at 11 o’clock. TWO RIVERMENHELD FOR ILLEGAL FISHING Pair Picked Up in Oxon Bun Early Thi» Morning by Harbor Patrol. Revealed in the powerful rays of the harbor patrol boat’s spotlight cutting across the waters of Oxon Run early this morning, two Alexandria rivermen were arrested on charges of illegal fish ing with nets in District waters and their boat, three nets and 25 fish seized. The men were taken to the harbor precinct, where they gave their names as William Henderson, 37 years old, and George Bashford, 49, both of Basfords lane, Alexandria. They were to face arraignment in Police Court today. The arrests followed the discovery Monday of eight heavily loaded nets in the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River and the order of night patrols by Lieut. Edward T. Hamey, commander of the harbor station, to stamp out illegal fishing. Sergt. J. T. Haugley and Pvts. Theo dore Crow and M. D. Harbaugh came upon the men in Oxon Run just below the National Training School for Girls at Blue Plains about 3 o’clock this morning and took them into custody when they are alleged to have caught the fishermen in the act of hauling in a net loaded with carp. Police said Henderson and Bashford scrambled for their oars when the pa trol boat’s light picked them up, but so quietly had the police craft slipped up on them that they were halted before getting under way. The officers searched the water nearby and found two other nets. Bashford and Henderson were fined $25 each at Police Court today. ‘‘ln this case I will sentence you to pay $25 or serve 30 days," Judge Ralph Given said. “If the fish were anything but carp you can bet the sentence would be much heavier.” HOLD WOMAN ON CHARGE OF ROBBING BENEFACTORS Taxicab Driver Tells Police She Stole SIOO Necklace and $45 Worth of Clothing. Mrs. June Meyer, 22 years old, of New York City, was arrested by De tective Sergt. J. E. Kane early today and charged with the theft of a SIOO necklace and $45 worth of clothing from the home of Mr. and Mrs. Ray mond A. Truitt of 733 Thirtysecond street southeast, who had befriended her. She will be arraigned in Police Court tomorrow morning on a grand larceny charge Mrs. Meyer was arrested on a war rant sworn to by Truitt, a taxicab driver, who told police that the woman took the clothes and necklace and also broke into his child’s bank and stole several dollars in change during the absence of his family several days ago. Truitt also told officers that Mrs. Meyer, a stranger, appealed to him about a week ago for help, when she arrived here from New York In a des titute state. He obtained the woman a position in a downtown hotel while be and his wife took her into their home to live. Mrs. Meyer, Detective Sergt. Kane said, told police she was wanted in New York for the desertion of a child, following her arr<4t this morning. She Is held at the house of detention. VOCATIONAL BOARD SUGGESTS PLAN FORD.C. SCHOOLS Urge Caution in Preparing Program to Avoid Destroy ing Previous Progress. TRADE EXPERIENCE HELD REQUISITE OF TEACHER Suggest Mill Type of Building as Most Valuable and Efficient Structure. A general review of the occupational situation in Washington and a list of suggestions and recommendations for the setting up of an efficient vocational education system In the public schools is contained in a 50-page report made by the Federal Board for Vocational Education to the Board of Education’s special citizens’ committee on vocational training here. Copies of this report have been sent to John B. Colpoys, chairman of the committee, for dis tribution to and subsequent study by his associates. In offering recommendations for the improvement of the National Capital’s vocational education system the Federal board has treated the occupations in three general classes—home economics, trade and industrial, and commercial. A fourth study was made under the head of vocational education in voca tional rehabilitation. In treating the trade and industrial portion of the vocational program, the Federal board urges extreme caution in dealing with the program in order to avoid destroying the progress, which already has been made. Its very first suggestion is that the improvement policy should be "one of constructive changes rather than ill-advised attempts i to accomplish everything at once.” It is suggested further that vocational schools be relieved of the handicap of 1 being expected to receive troublesome and sub-normal pupils who have failed to make good in other schools; that a probationary period should be set up for prospective vocational pupils to make certain that they will profit by the specialized work, and that it should be made clear to all school officials that vocational schools are in no sense to be regarded as the “last resort,” be fore sending pupils to ungraded schools. Qualified Instructions. In this same line and under the | general review of the vocational sltua , tion here the Federal board declares | that the first requisite of competent in [ structors In the vocational schools should be the Instructor’s own employ ment record, which before he be ap pointed, should prove thorough compe tency based on trade or field experi ence. Besides the actual teachers, the Federal board Insists a successful vo cational program must be headed by an equally qualified supervisor working Immediately under the superintendent of schools. Discussing buildings and equipment, the board asserts that the accommoda tions for vocational and trade schools should be suitable for the work to be performed. The loft or mill type of building, with partitions which can be easily and inexpensively moved or taken down, is urged as a valuable and effi cient trade school building. It is rec ommended further that vocational schools should be located in the down town district. Cites Over-Equipment Danger. Great care is urged in the selection of equipment, and it is pointed out there is danger of over equipping the new institutions. Recognition of the responsibility of a vocational school for placing students in employment in addition to giving them the training they need, also is urged by the board. Under general comments, the Fed eral Board declares that in Washing ton “there seems to be undue reverence for and emphasis upon the value of a college preparatory training in the high schools.” The board points out further the lack in the Washington school system of proper provisions “for ad vising and for readjusting the school careers of active, energetic youths to whom the routine of the traditional school program does not appeal.” The board strongly recommends ade quate training in "vocational, commer cial education and sets forth in its re port a list of fundamental requisites. It points out that there is occupational needs for such fields as telegraph mes sengers, office boys, sales girls, wrap pers, store cashiers and other Junior office and store workers under 13 years of age. Part-time class training is urged for this group. Evening Classes Advocated. Evening classes are advocated for small store managers and salesmen, of fice clerks In traffic, crediting and pur chasing departments; operators of office appliances, stenographers, bookkeepers and general clerical workers. Full-time schooling is recommended for those who want to prepare for a specific kind of office or store employment or to gain further knowledge of some particular kind of office or store work. To pro mote such training the board recom mends a plain building in which ac tual working equipment, such as store counters and offices and even show win dows, should be built. This report is based on an actual sur vey of working conditions, occupational fields and vocational education accom modations In the District of Columbia. The survey was made by the Federal board at the invitation of the Board of Education through its secretary, Harry O. Hine. In his invitation, Mr. Hine suggested the report be made to Mr. Colpoys, as chairman of the special cit izens committee. With copies of the report now In their hands, the special committee will call a meeting in the near future for study of the document and further action in framing its own program. BENJAMIN F. ODEN DIES AFTER ILLNESS Clerk in Office of Senator Swanson Had Served at Capitol for Thirty Years. Benjamin F. Oden, a clerk in the of fice of Senator Swanson of Virginia, died last night at his apartment, 1900 8 street, following a brief illness. Mr. Oden had been ill only a few weeks. He served more than 30 years at the Capitol in the offices of several mem bers of the House and Senate. Prior to joining Senator Swanson, he was in the office of Former Representative Flood of Virginia. Mr. Oden was born In Martinsville, W. Va.. but had lived for a number of years at Appomatox, Va. He will be buried at Appomatox tomor row. He was in his early 50s. Archibald Oden, a brother, also Is in the office of Senator Swanson, as sec retary. SIMMONS TO BE GIVEN POST ON AGRICULTURE COMMITTEE Head of Appropriations Group for District to Be Promoted. Under Seniority Custom Hola day of Illinois Would Succeed Him. Representative Robert G. Simmons of Nebraska, now chairman of the sub committee on District appropriations of the House appropriations committee, is to become chairman of the subcommit tee on agriculture in the next Con gress and will relinquish his present chairmanship. This was admitted yes terday by Chairman Wood of the House appropriations committee. It was with this in view that Representative Sim mons were recently made a member of the agricultural subcommittee. This is considered an Important promotion for Mr. Simmons. Under the seniority rule usually fol lowed Representative William P. Hola day of Illinois, who has co-operated closely with Mr. Simmons in drafting the District appropriation bill, would succeed him as chairman, being the next ranking Republican on the sub committee. There is doubt, however, as to whether Mr. Holaday would care for the chairmanship. OFFICERS ‘EXPLAIN’ WAR-CARTOLL DATA Purpose of Press Release Still Is Mystery as Ulterior Motive Is Denied. The horrid word "propaganda” crept into conversation among Army officers at the War Department today. Officers in and out of the Department’s press section animatedly discussed one of the latest releases for press consumption which was Issued yesterday under the succinct heading: “Automobiles More Deadly Than Enemy’s Bullets.’ While high-ranking officers in the office of the Assistant Secretary of War glanced over the release preliminary to what was suggested as further discus sion, other officers denied that the mat ter was issued with ulterior motive. The department’s release projected the thought that in the case of Cali fornia, “grim visaged war reaped a Loll” less than the toll of the deadly automo oile and in the case of the District of Columbia, it was shown that the aver age monthly rate of deaths by auto mobile was 9.6 in 1928, as compared with an average monthly rate of 5.4 killed in battle during the World War. A. A. A. Is Held Ally. It developed today that the source of the figures cited was two-fold, the last annual report of the Secretary of War, and the American Automobile Association and it was said by one* officer that the A. A. A. had been “de lighted” to get over the idea that auto mobile accidents are terrible. "The release was a double-edged proposition,” said the officer. “We were not trying to prove anything. The figures show that deaths from auto mobiles are terrible and the American Automobile Association was glad to emphasize that point. We sent the statement and table of figures to all corps areas and suggested the matter be distributed to the press as the areas saw fit.” It being understood that the "terrible” number of automobile deaths was one edge of the double-edged proposition, the officer was asked to describe the other edge. “Well,” he said, "the other edge was that In view of the large number of traffic fatalities, the number of deaths in battle may not be so bad after all.” Doesn’t Prove Anything. "And what does that prove?” he was asked. “Nothing,” he replied. "We didn’t ask anybody to print it. It is our function to give out information about the activities of the War Department. We have never asked anybody to print anything.” The officer’s attention then was called to the fact that one of the infer ences to be drawn from the comparison as made in the release was that the War Department was picturing war as not so bad. “That borders pretty close on propaganda, doesn't it?” “Draw your own inference,” he shot back. “If your inference is ridiculous, it’s yours, not ours. We gave out the figures.” In explanation of his contention that the department was not trying to prove anything, the officer pointed out that the table of figures accompanying the statement showed that in only 16 States was the average monthly rate of auto fatalities greater than the average monthly battle rate. In the other 31 States, figures for New Mexico being missing, the battle rate was greater. “But where the battle rate is greater, the preponderance is small,’’ he added, “and where the auto fatalities are greater, the number of auto deaths is much larger.” “What does that prove?” he was asked. “Nothing,” he answered. “But it is not propaganda?” Definition of Propaganda. "What the other fellow does is propa ganda,” the officer answered. “What we do Is publicity.” The War Department’s press section published a definition of publicity and propaganda about three years ago. Publicity was defined as: “The dis semination of facts to spread knowledge and understanding.” Propaganda, said the definition, is “the dissemination of information and Ideas to develop a favorable public opinion on some defi nite subject or project.” “The definition of publicity,” said that press section’s treatise, “provides a valuable classification for Army news —that is, facts concerning men and events which pertain to knowledge and understanding of the operations and principles of the national defense.” The relation of automobile fatalities to death in battle, if any, proves noth ing and was intended to prove nothing, it was said. It was prepared merely for the public’s “information and un derstanding.” MISTAKES POISON Mistaking a bottle of disinfectant for a mouth wash. Miss Mary Netly, 28, of Cleveland, Ohio, drank a quantity of the poison in a rooming house at 202 I street last night before discovering her mistake. Rushing from her room. Miss Netly told other roomers what had happened. A taxicab was summoned and she was removed to the Emergency Hospital for treatment. Her condition waa not serious today. Society and General Mfr: « * REPRESENTATIV^R^^IMMONS. Before his retirement Mr. Simmons would like to see work well started on the new Municipal Center for the Dis trict, which has been one of the im portant projects in which he has been particularly interested. He has been urging that the Federal Government purchase at once the present Municipal Building, so that the District could use the funds thus made available for erection of the first structure in the new municipal group. CROSBY APPOINTS i DETECTIVE AS AIDE » Frank A. Varney Designated as Commissioner’s Per sonal Investigator. t Headquarters Detective Prank A. Var -5 ney has been designated by Commls j sloner Herbert B. Crosby as his personal ; aide to investigate complaints that come . to the Commissioner independently of [ the regular police investigation chan* . nels. . Varney took up his new quarters in the anteroom to Commissioner Crosby’s . office this morning, and is waiting for ■ something to investigate. Nothing has , been assigned to him yet. Varney is . carried on the rolls as a headquarters . detective, but has been relieved of all work in connection with the Central 1 Detective Bureau to leave him free for . the work in connection with his special • assignment. He will be the Commis . sioner’s personal representative. The j Commlsisoner will decide which of the . complaints coming to him he wants in* . vestigated through the regular channels l and which should be handled by Varney. 1 Heads Association. Varney is one of the younger detec tives. He is president of the Policemen’s Association, and has never done any in vestigation work on members of the de partment, such as is carried on by the night Inspectors or the special investi gation squad, more popularly known as * the vice squad. Gen. Crosby said this last is one of the reasons Varney was chosen, as he wanted an independent man to whom he could refer matters as his personal representative. Will Be Instructor. "This must not be taken as a reflec tion on the superintendent of police, or the regular Investigation channels,” he said, “but being new on this Job I felt the need of some qualified man to act as my personal representative in mat ters where there might be some per sonal interest by the regular investigat ing forces. "I expect Varney to be a kind of 1 Instructor in the ways of the depart ment, with which I am not yet familiar. | I hope the nubile will not take this as an invitation to make complaints to | me, however." , answerto'carfare l PLEA NEARLY READY ; Keech Expects to File Beply to > Traction Companies Petition Tomorrow. i ' People’s Counsel Richmond B. Keech was busy today putting the finishing ' touches on the answer he is to file to morrow to the petition of the Capital ! Traction and Washington Railway 6c Electric Cos. for increased car fare. ’ The case will be argued on its merits in 1 District Supreme Court before Justice 1 Alfred A. Wheat May 12, by arrange ment of counsel. For the past live weeks Mr. Keech 1 has been studying the 2.400-page rec ord of the companies’ case before the Public Utilities Commission for many hours each day. Most of the time Vernon L. West, who will represent the commission in the case, has been study ing the record with him. Mr. Keech’s answer, which will be separate from that of the commission, is ready in rough draft, but will not be reduced to final form before tomorrow. The companies sought to raise car fare in Washington to 10 cents cash, four tokens for 30 cents, and after ex tensive hearings the commission de clined to do this. The present case in court is for the purpose of securing an order compelling the commission to raise the rates. ENGINEERS TO BE TOLD ABOUT TYPE OF MOTOR Four Washington Societies to Spon sor Meeting Next Thursday Night. Addresses on Diesel engines will fea ture a meeting of leading engineers under the auspices of four engineering societies in the auditorium of the In terior Department next Thursday night at 8 o’clock. The joint meeting is being held by the American Society of Naval Engineers, the Washington Society of Engineers, Washington sections of the Society of Automotive Engineers and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The meeting in the audi torium is to be preceded by a dinner at the Cosmos Club. The speakers at the meeting are to be: Max Rotter, vice president of Busch-Sulser Bros. Diesel Engine Co. of St. Louis, who will speak on “The Diesel Engine Situation Today”: E. Nlbbs, chief engineer of the New Lon don Ship and Engine Works of Electric Boat Co. of Groton, Conn., whose sub ject will be “Diesel Engines for Sub marines," and O. D. Trieber, president of Trieber Diesel Engine C. of Trenton, N. J., who will spe&lg on "Lightweight Diesel Engines." PAGE B-1 PLAN POLE STUDY IN OBSERVATORY AT GAITHERSBURG U. S* Geodetic Survey Will Re-establish Institution for Scientific Work. HOPE TO CHECK EARTH MOVEMENT EACH DAY Old Unit Will Co-operate With Three Other Widely Sep arated Stations. BY THOMAS R. HENRY. The North Pole will not stay at home. The United States Geodetic Survey is to re-establish at Gaithersburg, Md., one of four observatories scattered over the world to find out why the top of the earth goes wandering in the Arctic nights, carrying with it the parallels of latitude and causing an astronomical mess, Maj. William Bowie of the Coast and Geodetic Survey told the American Geophysical Union meeting here today. The parallels of latitude, Maj. Bowie said, stray as much as 50 feet from where they should be from the positions of the stars by which they are deter i mined. It is not known whether this is because the position of the earth changes in space from time to time, changing the theoretical position of the Pole, or whether the boreal point itself changes within the earth. Three stations now in operation are I at Ukiah, Calif.; at Carleforte, an is land off the coast of Sardinia, and at Mususiwa, Japan. An observatory at Gaithersburg was opened in 1900, but closed in 1914 when the war interfered with the work of other stations. It will be reopened and one observer sta tioned there, Maj. Bowie said, because it is almost directly on the opposite ■ side of the earth from the Japanese . station, so that the comparative records 1 will be valuable. \ All in Same Latitude. If the earth itself tilts in space, he explained, it would shift the latitude at i Gaithersburg a few feet in one direction i ! and the latitude at the Japanese station • the same distance in the opposite direc i tion. If this does not happen the cause i must be sought in the earth itself. ; All the stations are in latitude 39.8. I Observations will be taken each night 1 on the same stars from each of them, r An explanation of the changing of 1 the parallels by tides raised by the - moon on the earth’s surface was pre s sented by Dr. Harlan T. Stetson, di s rector of the Perkins Observatory at - Ohio Wesleyan University. Working s partly with the old Gaithersburg ob . servatlons and those at Ukiah, he found that the latitude positions cor related with the positions of the moon. - The observed changes, he said, are due i to actual shifts in the earth’s crust as • the result of the gravitational pull of ■ the moon on the earth. This pull is i exerted in different directions as -the • moon changes its position. This theory, s Dr. Stetson said, supports the latest theories of geologists that the earth’s t crust, far from being solid, rests on a ■ mobile basalt layer overlaying the I i nickel-iron core of the earth Itself. If l the theory holds up, it will be necessary for astronomers to correct their cal culations, depending on the exact posi tion of the moon. Sea Runs UphilL ■ There is increasing evidence, Maj. - Bowie said in reporting the present : status of geodesy, that the sea in the ■ Northern Hemisphere runs uphill toward ■ the North Pole. Galveston, Tex., is con ’ sidered as absolute sea level for North , America. There is a continual in crease, as shown by beach marks, north ’ ward along the Atlantic Coast. The ; Pacific, whose mean sea level is 2 feet ’ higher than the Atlantic, also slants 1 upward. It is probable, Dr. Bowie said, that the southern oceans also slope up hill toward the South Pole. The same slant found on the American sea coast also has been reported from England, France, Russia and Japan. The most probable explanation of the sea level increase northward, he said, is that it is due to the average barometric pressure or weight of air i resting upon the water, the direction of prevailing winds effecting the tides and the differences in salinity and tem perature of the ocean, which changes the weight of the water. Due largely to the interest of Presi dent Hoover, Maj. Bowie said, a comlete map of the United States will be pro duced in the next 18 years. The Federal budget for geodetic work, he explained, was increased this year to $316,624, from $88,600 the previous year. This will per mit about 2,200 miles of triangulation work this year. The completed first and second order triangulation, he said, will cost between $4,000,000 and $5,000,000. When the work is completed there will I be arcs of triangulation and lines of leveling every 50 miles, and it will be possible to locate exactly in space any point in the United States. Explains Four-Season Change; A proposal for changing the four seasons, to consist of 13 weeks each, so I that the middle day of each will fall on an astronomical event—the Winter and I Summer solstices and the vernal and I autumnal equinoxes—was explained by tfl Prof. Charles F. Marvin, chief of the I United States Weather Bureau. This I would facilitate international statistical I work, he explained, and would make the I • week a more convenient time unit forte selenitic work. For most of the temperate zone it I would place Spring in the middle of I Winter and Winter in the middle of 11 Autumn. Winter would always start on I November 5 for the whole world, so I that the central day, December 17, I would fall exactly with the Winter ■ solstice. It would end and Spring be- Iff gin February 4 so that the middle day, I March 22, would correspond with the H vernal equinox. Ordinary weather con- I® ditions in the temperate zone, he said. I would vary about a month from this I arbitrary calendar. Dr. William J. Humphreys of the I Weather Bureau Insisted that the sea- I sons as they now are dated probably l> are too firmly fixed in agriculture and H in the traditions of the people to be I easily discarded for scientific con- I venlence. Two celebrated polar explorers, Sir I Hubert Wilkins and H. U. Sverdrup, I s attended the Geophysical Union meet- K ings today. Wilkins tomorrow would |l§ explain his project for a voyage by I® submarine under the Arctic ice to the I North Pole. Sverdrup, famous Nor- I wegian Arctic explorer, will detail plans Bl for a world project of Arctic explora- IS tion in 1932-3 Small Writing Is Avocation. fl NEW YORK, May 1 (/P).—An avoca- I tion of Abraham I. Gancher, inventor, I is small writing. One of his productions ■ is the text of the Declaration of Inde- I pendence in a space five-eighths of an I t inch by one Inch. He did it in bright ■) ; sunlight with a steel pen, working £ ■ if minute or two at a time.