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HOSPITAL ADDITION TO BE OPENED SOON Finishing Touches Now Being Put on New Emergency East Wing. Housing the latest equipment devised lor care of the sick, the nine-story ad dition to the Central Dispensary and Emergency Hospital, at 1711 New York •venue, will be thrown open to the pub lic within 10 days, marking the com pletion of a construction program that has converted the institution into what physicians and surgeons describe as one of the most efficiently and elaborat 'y equipped hospitals In the East. Finishing touches are now being put to the addition, which becomes the east wing of the hospital. The construction program was Initiated 16 months ago and entailed the building of a new main entrance to the hospital and important Improvements In the central and west buildings. Officials of the hospital said today that utility, sanitation and noiselessness were determining factors in the selec tion of materials and equipment. The wrork, completed at an estimated cost of $450,000, was superintended by a building committee of which Karl Corby la chairman, and Dr. Harry M. Kauf man, chief of the hospital medical staff, is vice chairman. Before the work was undertaken the superintendent of the hospital, B. B. Sandidge. inspected leading hospitals In New York, Philadelphia and Boston, and the new wing and additions to the central and west buildings were designed to Incorporate the latest devices medical science nas developed for efficiency and utility in the treatment of medical and surgical cases. Mental Effects Considered. A tour of the new nine-story build ing discloses that in an ultra-modern hospital surroundings may be pleasing and soothing as well as the equipment and furnishings comfortable. Sound proof walls and floors, ball-bearing doors that open noiselessly, radio and telephone fitted to each room, floor lights that can be kept on through the night without Irritation to the patient, obviating the necessity for overhead lights, and for reading, a newly de veloped vertical Ulumnlatlon lamp whose rays are reflected from the celling— these are some of the details of equip ment furnished in each of the 22 private i rooms which are located on three floors. Two floors in the new wing are dedi cation floors. The seventh floor, one of three housing private rooms, is known •a the Slocum pavilion. It was do nated to the hospital by Gen. Stephen L. H. Slocum in memory of his wife, the late Mrs. Luna Garrison Slocum. Utility baths, designed so that the nurse can tend to the patient’s every need without having to leave the room, and pleasing decorations are features of these rooms. The sixth and fifth floors also contain private rooms. Furnishings and deco rations throughout were selected care fully by a ladies’ committee of the hos pital’s board of directors, of which Mrs. Floyd Waggaman Is chairman. The ruling* in all the rooms are white, and the walls are done In peach, light green and other soft oolors, with drapes and furniture to match. This is in line with recent medical ? in inn* to the effect that a variety soft and pleasing tones are not only esthetically desirable, but at the same possess a distinct therapeutic value. The interior decorations were designed by and Installed under the direction of Mias Elizabeth Stetson of this city. The other dedicated floor, the fourth, bouses cubicle public wards, a new de pasture in ward construction, affording IS semi-private wards. This floor was dedicated by Mrs. Eleanor Patterson Bchlesinger in memory of her late hus band. zflmcr schlinger. The furnish tog and equipment of this public ward was undertaken with a view to provid ing the same utility and noiselessness characteristic of the other floors. Medical Ward Horn. Public medical wards are located on the second and third floors, with 32 beds available for medical cases. The large, airy rooms are fitted with indi vidual cabinets for each patient. A new device known ee the Guth agitator Is Installed in these wards and In the Bchlesinger memorial wards, an In genious machine that “agitates” the air, insuring circulation without stirring a draft. In the rear portion of the second floor there Is a series of rooms equipped for work in genito-urlnary, cardiac and basil metabolism cases. The utility of arrangement Is suggested by the fact that these rooms are located In close proximity to X-ray rooms that are on the first floor. The care of genlto-url nary, cardiac and basil metabolism cases is closely filled to X-ray wot* and the location of the various rooms enables physicians to study the cases in all their relations with a minimum of movement for the patient. „ , After careful study, medical science fra* established tljgt the color light green Is the least conducive to eye strain and that color predominate* In the elaborately equipped operating floor, the. eighth. Four main operating rooms are I located there, all contiguous to the am phitheater operating room, which Is housed In the main building. Burgeons can operate for the longest length of time without eye strain against a back ground of light green and for that rea son the operating rooms are decorated In green, even to the fittings on the Scialytlc lamp, adjustable to any desired position, has been fitted over the operating tables. Thermo static control regulates the humidity In each operating room, thus obviating the possibility of explosion. Bullt-lft cabi nets, designed to provide the greatest safeguard in sanitation, and bowls and situated so that surgeons may keep the patient In view at every mo ment are features of the operating rooms Here, again, nolseleeeness Is planned. Built-In Sterilisers. On another part of the floor are five built-in sterilizers, the latest in design, resembling safety deposit vaults and •quipped with pressure gauges to de note the degree of heat to which In struments within are subjected. An adjoining room for instruments Is fitted with built-in cabinets and tables cov ered with monel metal, a substance that resists stains and acids. The hospital’s culinary department is located on the ninth floor of the new ‘ wing, with large kitchens and separate dining rooms for each department of the hospital, the house staff, mechanics and nursing staff. A cafeteria service has been provided for the student nurses in a room seating 120. Two floors have been added to the west wing, over the nurses’ home, and all converted to general hospital use. The roof of this wing has been utilised for a solarium, an attractively deco rated room, a feature of which la win dow panes that do not deflect the sun rays. An outside solarium for use in good weather also la provided. The lobby and main entrance to the hospital are new, affording a more pleasing as well as more useful ap proach. A driveway extending between the main building and the new wing leads to a side entrance for emergency cases, and the development of the lobby affords quicker dispatch of cases for the private rooms. A new emergency room and complete new emergency equipment. Including ambulance, are provided. Separate rooms for the auditing de partment and record room, the cashier, the admitting office and the superin tendent and superintendent of nurses have been provided. Also on the ground floor are numerous separate and con nected rooms designed to house diag nostic, therapeutic, X-ray and radium Bbßtm Moot* specialist to X-raj VIEWS IN NEW ADDITIbN TO EMERGENCY HOSPITAL i If ll fp* 4MMHR . K< ■ j i . Upper left: The information and ra- I perintendent's office In the lobby. Up per right: One of the model rooms In the new section. Center: One of the operating rooms. Lower right: Plaque to the memory of Lyna Garri son Slocum placed in the new Slocum pavilion. —Star Staff Photos. work and a member of the Groover, Christie & Merritt organization, is com ing from the Mayo Clinic to take charge of that work in Emergency Hospital. Not a door in the hospital’s accom modations for patients has a knob. The use of a hooklike device extending from the door, inside and outside, enables a nurse, however laden with trays or in struments, to open the door by fitting an arm under the hook and the ball bearing fittings insure noiselessness, re gardless of whether the door Is opened or closed hurriedly or vigorously. On the three private room floors the rooms are equipped with wall doors, thus be ing convertible into suites of two rooms. Not least in the hospital’s develop ment program was the establishment of a new boiler system, at a cost of $65,000, capable, officials believe, of caring for the institution through later expansion. In addition to Mr. Corby and Dr. Kaufman, the hospital building com mittee was composed of Woodbury Blair, President of Hospital George W. White, Treasurer Harry King and Supt Sandidge. Working with Mrs. Wagga man on the ladies’ committee on fur nishings and decorations were Mrs. H. J. Slocum, Mrs. Simon Kann and Mrs. Rose Merriam and Miss Elizabeth Btetson. Directors of the Central Dispensary and Emergency Hospital are: Woodbury Blair, Charles H. But ler, Arthur T. Brice, Dr. William B. Clark, Karl Corby, Mrs. James F. Cur Text of Hoover’s Speech Tells Chamber of Commerce Gathering Nation Has Weathered Economic Storm and "With Continued Unity of Effort We Shall Rapidly Recover ” The text of President Hoover’s speech to the United States Chamber of Com merce last night follows: Gentlemen of the United States Cham ber of Commerce: We have been passing through one of those great economic storms which periodically bring hardship and suffer ing upon our people. While the crash only took place aix months ago. I am convinced we have now passed the worst, and with continued unity of effort we shall rapidly recover. There is one certainty in the future of a people of the resources, intelligence and character of the people of the United States—that is, prosperity. On the occasion of this great storm we have for the first time attempted a great economic experiment, possibly one of the greatest of our history. By co operation between Government officials and the entire community, business, railways, public utilities, agriculture, labor, the press, our financial institu tions and public authorities, we have undertaken to stabilize economic forces; to mitigate the effects of the crash and to shorten its destructive period. I be lieve I can say with assurance that our joint undertaking has succeeded to a remarkable degree, and that it furnishes a basis of great tribute to our people for unity of action in time of national emergency. To those many business leaders present here I know that I express the gratitude of our country men. It is unfortunate, in a sense, that any useful discussion of the problems be hind and before us has to be expressed wholly in the cold language of econom ics, for I realize as keenly as any one can that individually they are not problems in science, but are the most numan questions in the world. They Involve the immediate fears of men and women for their daily bread, the well being of their children, the security of their homes. They are intensely per sonal questions, fraught with living significance to everything they hold dear. The officers of a ship In heavy seas have as deep a consciousness of the human values involved in the pas sengers and crew whose lives are in their keeping, but they can best serve them by taking counsel of their charts, compass and barometer, and by devo tion to navigation and the boilers. In like manner the Individual welfare can best be served by us if we devote our selves to the amelioration of destructive forces, for thereby we serve millions of our people. All slumps are the inexorable conse quences of the destructive forces of booms. If we inquire into the primary cause of the great boom on the stock exchanges last year, we find it rests mainly upon certain forces inherent in human mind. When our Nation has traveled on the high road to prosperity for a considerable term of years, the natural optimism of our people brings into being a spirit of undue specula tion against the future. These vast oontaglons of speculative emotion have hitherto throughout all history proved themselves uncontrollable by any device that the economist the business man, or the Government has been able to suggest. The effect of them is to divert capital and energy from healthy enter prise— the only real source of prosperity | —to stimulate waste, extravagance and unsound enterprise, with the inevitable collapse in panic. Out of the great eraahes hitherto THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, MAY 2, 1930. ■ «|ipl :*■ m Bp - i § tis, George Fleming, Dr. H. A. Fowler, Mrs. J. C. Frazer, Mrs. Z. E. Gaff, Julius Garftnckel, John O. LaGorce, Admiral Cary T. Grayson, William F. Gude, Dr. B. L. Hardin, Mrs. Reginald Huidekoper, F. 8. Hight, Dr. Edward R. Gookin, Mrs. Simon Kann, Dr. H. M. Kaufman, Harry King, C. P. Light, C. C. Long, Mrs. A. G. McClintock, Dr. C. C. Marbury, Dr. William B. Mason, Mrs. Rose Merriam. Dr. G. Brown Mil ler, Dr. James F. Mitchell, Barry Mo hun, Dr. Thomas S. Neill, Frank B. Noyes, Col. Arthur O’Brien, H. L. Rust, Dr. A. R. Shands, Mrs. H. J. Slocum, Merle Thorpe, Mrs. Floyd Waggaman. Dr. Reginald R. Walker, Dr. John W. Warner, Dr. Charles Stanley White and George W. White. there has always come a long train of destructive forces. A vast number of innocent people are directly Involved in losses. Optimism swings to deepest pessimism; fear of the future chokes initiative and enterprise; monetary stringencies, security and commodity panics In our exchanges, bankruptcies and other losses all contribute to stifle consumption, decrease production, and finally express themselves in unemploy ment, decreased wages, strikes, lock outs, and a long period of stagnation. Many have looked upon all this rise and fall as a disease which must run its course and for which nothing could be done either in prevention, or to speed recovery, or to relieve the hard ship which wreaks Itself especially upon workers, farmers and smaller business people. I do not accept the fatalistic view that the discovery of the means to restrain destructive speculation la beyond the genius of the American people. Our immediate problem, however, has been the necessity to mitigate the effect of the recent crash, and to get back onto the road of prosperity as quickly aa possible. This is the first time an effort has been made by the united community to this end. The success of this effort is of paramount importance, not only for our immediate needs but the possibilities it opens for the future. The intensity of the speculative boom on this occasion was, in my view, as great aa or greater than any of our major manias before. The intensity of the slump has been greatly diminished by the efforts ihat have been made. We—and as we I speak of many men and many institutions—have followed several major lines of action. Our pro gram was one of deliberate purpose to do everything possible to uphold gen eral confidence which 114 s at the root of maintained initiative and enterprise; to check monetary, aecurity and com modity panics in our exchanges; to assure an abundance of capital at de creasing rates of Interest so as to enable the resumption of business; to accel erate construction work so as to absorb as many employes as possible from in dustries hit by decreased demand; to hold up the level of wages by voluntary agreement and thus maintain the living standards of the vast majority who re main in employment; to avoid acceler ating the depression by the hardship and disarrangement of strikes and lockouts, and by upholding consuming power of the wage earners to in turn support agriculture. Confidence and Courage. We may well inquire into our progress thus far. We have succeeded in main taining confidence and courage. We hava avoided monetary panic and credit stringency. Those dangers are behind us. From the moment of the crash, Interest rates have steadily decreased and capita] has become steadily more abundant. Our Investment markets hava absorbed over two billions of new securities since the crash. There has been no significant bank or industrial failure. That danger, too, la safely be hind ue. The acceleration of construction pro grams has been successful beyond our opes. The great utilities. tM railways and the large menufacturersAhsve re sponded courageously. The Federal Government has not only expedited its current works but Oongreee haa au thorised further expenditures. The governor*, mayor* and other authorities have everywhere been doing their full part. The result has been the placing of contract* of this character to the value of about $500,000,000 during the first four months of 1930, or nearly three times the amount brought into be ing in the corresponding four months of the last great depression of eight years ago. All of which contributes not only to direct employment but also a long train of jobs in the material and trans portation industries. We are suffering from a decrease in residential construc tion, but despite this we have reason to believe that the total construction will still further expand, and we should during 1930 witness a larger gross vol ume of improvement work than normal. For the flr*t time in the history of great slumps we have had no substantial reductions in wages and we have had no strikes or lockouts which were in any way connected with this situation. The accelerated construction has nat urally not been able to abaorb all the unemployment brought by the injuries of the boom and crash. Unfortunately we have no adequate statistic* upon the volume of unemployment. The maxi mum point of depression was about the first of the year, when, severe as the shock was, the unemployment was much less proportionately than in our two last major depressions. A telegraphic canvass of the governors and mayors who are co-operating so ably with us in organizing public works brings with one exception the unanimous response of continuously decreasing unemployment each month and the assurance of further decreases again in May. All these widespread activities of our business men and our institutions offer sharp contrast with the activities of pre vious major crashes and our experiences from them. As a consequence we have attained a stage of recovery within this short period greater than that attained during the whole year or more following previous equally great storms. Lessons to Be Heeded. While we are today chiefly concerned with continuing the measurea we have in process for relief from thi* storm, and in which we must have no relaxation, we must not neglect the lessons we have had from it, and we must consider the measures which we can undertake both for prevention of such storms and for relief from them. Economic health like human health requires prevention of in fection as well as cure of it.^ I take it that the outstanding prob lem and the ideal of our economic sys tem is to secure freedom of initiative and to preserve stability in the economic structure in order that the door of op portunity and equality of opportunity may be held open to all our citizens; that every business man shall go about his affairs with confidence in the future; that it shall give assurance to our people of a job for every one who wishes to work; that it shall, by steady improvement through research and in vention, advance standards of living to the whole of our people. That will con stitute the conquest of poverty, which is the great human aspiration of our economic life. And these economic storms are the most serious interruptions to this prog ress which we have to face. Some of you will recollect that following the great boom and slump of eight years ago, as Secretary of Commerce, I initi ated a series of conferences and investi gations by representative men into the experiences of that occasion and to make therefrom recommendations for the future. It is worth a moment to examine our conclusions at that time as tested in this present crisis. The first of the conclusions at that time was that our credit machinery should be strengthened to stand the shock of crash; that the adjustment of interest rates through the Federal Re serve System should retard destructive speculation and support enterprise dur ing the depression. Our credit machinery has proved it self able to stand shock in the commer cial field through the Federal Reserve System, in the Industrial field through the bond market and the investment houses, in the farm-mortgage field to some extent through the Farm Loan Svstem; and in the installment-buying field through the organization of pow erful finance corporations. But if we examine the strains during the past six months we shall find one area of credit which is most inade quately organised and which almost ceased to function under the present stress. This is the provision of a steady flow of capital to the home builder. From a social point of view this is one of the most vital segments of credit and should be placed in such a defi nitely mobilized and organized form as would assure its continuous and stable flow. The ownership of homes, the im provement of residential conditions to our people, is the first anchor in social stability and social progress. Here is the greatest field for expanded organi zation of capital and at the same time stimulation to increased standards of living and social service that lies open to our great loan institutions. The result of the inability to freely secure capital has been a great diminu tion in home construction and a large segment of unemployment which could have been avoided had there been a more systematic capital supply organ ized with the adequacy ana efficiency of the other segments of finance. We need fight now an especial effort of our loan Institutions in all parts of the country to increase the capital available for this purpose as a part of the remedy of the present situation. Reserve System’s Service. There can be no doubt of the service of the Federal Reserve System in not only withstanding the shock but also in promoting the supply of capital after the collapse. We have, however, a new experience in the effect of discount rates and other actions of the system in attempts to retard speculation. The sys tem and the banks managed throughout the whole of the speculative period to maintain Interest rates on money for commercial use at 5 to 6 per cent per annum, and by their efforts they segre gated the use of capital for speculation in such fashion that the rates upon such capital ran up to or over 18 per cent per annum. But even these high rates on speculative capital offered little real retardation to the speculative mania of the country. They served, in fact, to attract capital from productive enter prise. and this was one of the secondary factors in producing the crash itself. The alternative, however, of lifting commercial rates still higher in orde ■ to check speculation by checking business is also debatable. The whole bearing of Interest rates upon speculation and stable production requires exhaustive consideration in view of these new ex periences. One of the subsidiary proposals in our examination seven years ago, directed to increase stability, was that Improved statistical services should be created which would indicate the approach of undue speculation and thereby give ad vanoestor^wan^^^^U^b^nem world and the country. Great improve ments were made in the statistical serv ices, and by reading the signals thou sands of business men avoided the maelstrom of speculation and our ma jor industries came through strong and unimpaired—though the people general ly did not grasp these warnings, or this crisis would not have happened. We should have even more accurate services in the future and a wider understanding of their use. We need particularly a knowledge of employment at all times, If we are intelligently to 'plan a proper functioning of our economic system. I have Interested myself in seeing that the census we are taking today makes for the first time a real determination of unemployment.. I have hopes that upon this foundation we can regularly secure information of first importance to daily conduct in our economic world. In remedial measures we have fol lowed the recommendations of seven years ago as to the acceleration of con struction work, the most practicable remedy for unemployment. It has been organized effectively in most important directlonz, and the success of organiza tion In certain local communities points the way to even more effective action in the future by definite plans of decen tralization. Another of the by-products of this experience which has been vividly brought to the front is the whole ques tion of agencies for placing the unem ployed in contact with possible jobs. In this field is also the problem of what is termed technological unemployment. The great expansion in scientific and industrial research, the multiplicity of Inventions and increasing efficiency of business, is shifting men in industry with a speed we have never hitherto known. The whole subject is one of profound importance. Advance in Methods. We have advanced In all these meth ods of stability in recent years. The development of our credit system, our statistics, our methods of security and relief In depression all show progress. We have developed further steps dur ing the past si* months. But the whole range or our experiences from this boom and slump should be placed under ac curate examination, with a view to broad determination of what can be done to achieve greater stability for the future, both in prevention and in rem edy If such an exhaustive examina tion meets with general approval, I shall when the situation clears a little move to organize a body—representa tive of business, economics, labor and agriculture—to undertake it. I do believe that our experience shows that we can produce helpful and wholesome effects in our economic sys tem by voluntary co-operation through the great associations representative of business, industry, labor and agricul ture, both nationally and locally. And It is my view that In this field of co-operative action, outside of gov ernment. lies the hope of intelligent information and wise planning. The Government can be helpful in emer gency: it can be helpful to secure and spread Information. , Such action, however, as may be de veloped must adhere steadfastly to the very bones of our economic system, which are the framework of progress: and that progress must come from in dividual initiative, and in time of stress it must be mobilized through co-opera tive action. The proper constructive activities of the great voluntary organizations in the community provide the highest form of economic self-government. Perma nent advance in the Republic will lie in the initiative of the people them selves. We are not yet entirely through the difficulties of our situation. We have need to maintain every agency and every force that we have placed in mo tion until we are far along on the road to stable prosperity. He would be a rash man who would state that we can produce the economic millenium. but there is great assurance that America is finding herself upon the road to secure social satisfaction, with the preservation of private indus try, initiative and a full opportunity for the development of the Individual. It is true that these economic things are not the objective of life Itself. If by their steady improvement we shall yet further reduce poverty, shall create and secure more happy homes, we shall have served to make better men and women and a greater Nation. U. S. DELEGATES NAMED Drs. E. A. Auchter, X. A. Ryerson and L. M. Hutchins of the horticultural divi sion of the Department of Agriculture have been designated by the President as delegates of the United States Gov ernment to the Ninth Horticultural Con gress. which is to be held at London, England, August 7-15 next. Dr. Auchter will represent the United States also at the International Congress of Tropical Agriculture to be held at Antwerp, Bel gium, July 28-31. Ten years ago it was not so easy to make a loan on such reasonable terms The Morris Plan Bank lW*r Supervision U. S. Trttsvry •i CAWTAL O tPiHiM. MHiWI ’Baa^SSS C. OF C. ASKS LIMIT: ON FARM AID POWER! ( • 1 Resolution to Repeal Board’s ; Use of U. S. Funds in Dis- ! tribution Is Voted. Except for a meeting of the new board ; of directors today, the Chamber of Com- , merce of the United States, which de voted 35 sessions to the deliberation of problems ahead for business, ended its eighteenth annual convention late yes terday with a final attack on the Federal Farm Board, the only serious controversial issue raised during the four-day sessions. Rebuked by Secretary of Agriculture Hyde Wednesday for its "misapprehen sions” concerning the agricultural farm ing act, the national chamber, however, got in the final word of the controversy by adopting a resolution proposing an amendment to repeal the power of the Farm Board to use Federal funds for the "purpose of participation in business in competition with established agencies.” The proposal, which is aimed at strip ping the board of all its authority except its privilege of disseminating information, was adopted over the pro test of a small minority. Warning was given the chamber by Charles Brandt of Minneapolis, that its action would put the national body in the position of being accused as "unfriendly” to agriculture. He reminded the chamber that the farmers had not "welched” when business imposed on agriculture tariff inequities far greater than the inequities under the Farm Board act. Claims Benefits Unrealised. The resolution said in part; "The anticipated benefits to the farming in terests as a whole have not been real ized. On the contrary there has been impairment of the marketing structure and prevention of support which ether wise would have been given to the marketing of' agricultural products which krere affected by the use of public monies. Without benefit to agri culture there has been imposed unbear able hardship upon business enterprises unable to maintain their position against discriminatory competition from the Government.” To meet the situation the chamber voted to recommend the calling of a conference, wfth farm co-operative lead ers represented, to study and define measures of “sound and effective aid to agriculture.” Earlier in the day Chairman Alexan der Legge of the Federal Farm Board said his challenge to wealthy members of the chamber to match him dollar for dollar in contributing to a study of the agricultural situation still holds good. Eighteen Directors Are Ratified. In its clbsing hour the chamber adopt ed a score of other resolutions, re-elected most of its officers and ratified the nom ination of 18 new directors. President Hoover, who addressed the chamber at its annual dinner last night, was praised for his co-operative action in meeting the recent stock market slump. “We feel that private business has re sponded in a most effective manner,” the resolution said. Other resolutions recommended great er public economy, the construction of a “great inter-American highway,” oppo sition to the creation of State automo bile insurance funds, continuance of the work of the National Business Survey Conference, an increase in pay in the Army, Navy and Marine forces; exten sion of Federal reclamation to furnish water to land already sparsely settled and the provision of funds to eradicate the Mediterranean fruit fly. Adequate provision for the adminis tration of the Patent Office to the end that it may continue “in a position to perform its functions with that prompt ness and that accuracy which are es sential for the welfare of American business enterprises” was urged in an other resolution. Gives Car Liability Stand. To the increase in pay for personnel of the armed forces, the chamber also asked for the Inclusion of the Coast Guard, Coast and Geodetic Survey and Public Health Service. With respect to automobile Insurance, a resolution said: "The National Cham ber has stated that Government should scrupulously refrain from entering any phase of business when it can be suc cessfully undertaken and conducted by private enterprise, and it hereby records its opposition specifically to the creation of State automobile insurance funds.” Continued development of airports and airways was urged in another resolution, as "vital to the efficiency and safety of air transportation.” The chamber welcomed legislation which is being enacted to enable the Post master General to place air mall con tracts on a basis of equitable compensa tion and urged that legislation of this character should keep pace with the trend of progress in aviation “as needed for our business and development of foreign trade.” The development of the use of gliders also should be encouraged, the cham ber declared. The chamber re-elected William But terworth as president and Julius H. Barnes as chairman of the board. Karl Delaittre of Minneapolis was the only new vice president named. Five others were re-elected. The 18 directors nomi nated Monday were elected. 2,009 Crowd Auditorium. Nearly 2,000 delegates, including more than €0 guests of honor representing the “brains and leaders” of the Nation’s biggest business and industrial interests, crowded the Washington Auditorium last night at the annual banquet of the chamber, at which President Hoover proposed to call a new business confer ence to determine what can be done to achieve greater stability for the future. The President arrived at 9:15 o’clock in the midst of the introductions of the honor guests, and waited about 10 min utes outside the main hall so as not to interrupt Toastmaster Richard F. Grant in paying individual honor to each of the guests. When Mr. Hoover did Anally taka his seat he was given an ovation. Secretary of Commerce Lament was the only member of the cabinet that attended the dinner, but the Treasury Department was represented by Gov. Roy A. Young of the Federal Reserve. John Joy Edson of Washington, veteran treasurer of the chamber, was intro duced as the ‘‘grand old man of busi ness.’' The roll of honor guests, representing, as Mr. Grant pointed out, the leaders of American business, reminded the toastmaster of advertising and business slogans familiar to every household and every industry in the land. The recital of these slogans met with general mer riment from the diners. Each of the officers and directors also was invited to stand as his name was read. The Canadian delegation, which earlier in the day had registered a pro test. through their spokesman. Col. J. H. Woods, against American tariff bar riers, was given a demonstration. “There is really world hope,” said Mr. Grant, "in the fact that nothing can break down the ties that hold the Eng lish-speaking peoples together.” List of Honor Guests. The list of honor guests included the following: Julius H. Barnes, chairman of the board, Chamber of Commerce of the United States, New York, N. Y.; Robert P. Lamont. Secretary of Commerce: Dr. John W. Ross, Montreal, Canada; Gen. James G. Harbord, chairman of the board, Radio Corporation of America, New York, N. X-; H. Smith Richardson, Greensboro, N. C.; Homer L. Ferguson, Newport News, Va.: W. M. Ritter, Co lumbus, Ohio; W. Rufus Abbott, Chi cago, 111.; Charles W. Lonsdale, Kansas City, Mo.; Theodore Swann, Birming ham. Ala.; John Joy Edson, Washing ton, D. C.; Edward N. Hurley, Chicago, 111.; George H. Baldwin, Jacksonville, Fla.; Patrick E. Crowley, New York, N. Y.; S. Duncan Black, Ttowiion, Md.; L. E. WakeAeld, Minneapolis, Minn.; Harry A. Wheeler, Chicago, 111.; S. D. Warrlner, Philadelphia, Pa.; John W. O’Leary, Chicago, HI.; Harvey C. Couch, Pine Bluff, Ark.; John Raine, Ralnelle, W. Va.; John H. Fahey, Boston, Mass.; G. M. Williams, Indianapolis, Ind.; H. W. Hoover, North Canton, Ohio; Daniel A. Millett, Denver, Colo.; Louis J. Ta ber, Columbus. Ohio; E. L. Carpenter, Minneapolis, Minn.; Benjamin Franklin Affleck, Chicago, 111.; F. A. Merrick, East Pittsburgh, Pa.; Stuart W. Cramer, Cramerton, N. C.; W. H. Albers, Cin cinnati, Ohio: Amadeo P. Giannini, San Francisco, Calif.; S. Bruce Black, Bos ton. Mass.; W. E. Wells, Newell, W. Va.; William Butterworth, Moline, HI.; Lieut. Col. J. H. Woods, Calgary, Alberta, Can ada; Right Rev. James E. Freeman, D. D., Bishop of Washington; George A. Martin, Cleveland, Ohio; Roy A. Young, Washington, D. C.; S. B. Hunt, New York. N. Y.; F. Edson White, Chicago, 111.; Willis H. Booth, New York, N. Y.; Col. William C. Proctor, Cincinnati, Ohio; Paul W. Chapman, New York, N. Y.; Lewis E. Pierson, New York, N. Y.; Redfleld Proctor, Proctor, Vt.; John G. Lonsdale, St. Louis, Mo.; Silas H Strawn, Chicago, 111.; H. L. Doherty, New York, N. Y.; Herbert F. Perkins, Chicago, 111.; Robert R. Ellis, Memphis, Tenn.; Magnus W. Alexander, New York, N. Y.; James R. Mac Coll, Paw tucket, R. I.; A. J. Brosseau, New York, N. Y.; Mortimer L. Schiff, New York, N. Y.; Joshua Green, Seattle, Wash.; William T. Payne. Kingston, Pa.; Ed ward J. Cornish, New York, N. Y.; J. S. CrutchAeld, Pittsburgh, Pa.; Saunders Norvell, New York, N. Y.; R. C. Holmes, New York, N. Y.; W. H. Schell berg, South Omaha, Nebr.; Charles Donnelly, St. Paul. Minn.; Charles R. Miller. Bal timore, Md.; J. W. Spangler, Seattle, Wash., and C. B. Warkentin, Kansas City, Mo. LEGGE COMMENTS ON STAND. « C. of C. Plana Parley to Provide Sym pathy, Farm Aid Head Says. By the Associated Press. Chairman Legge of the Farm Board said today that the purpose of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States in urging revision of the law under which the board operates was to make "the Farm Board impotent.” The chamber yesterday adopted a resolution which condemned policies of the board and in effect urged that its loans to co-operativea to aid in market ing commodities cease. In a statement, Legge said the cham- ■——WASHINGTON'S FINEST MEN’S WEAR STOREmm RALEIGH HABERDASHER 1310 F Street A Special Sale of $2 50 English Broadcloth Shirts sr.Bs Guaranteed Not to Shrink! Blue, tan, green and white! Fast colors! Made with the patented “Sta-rite” collar! $2 Silk Crepe Solid Color Neckwear SJ.SO Silk Lined! ■ Resilient Construction! | STUDY IS PROPOSED * AS AID TO BUSINESS President Would Examine Experiences to Help Eco nomic Security. • ________________ (Continued From First Page.) declared that “with continued unity of effort we shall rapidly recover." "There is one certainty in the future of a people of the resources, intelligence and character of the people or the United States —that is prosperity,” he said. The Chief Executive described the united efforts of Government and busi ness to bring order out of recent chaos as one of the greatest economic experi ments of the Nation's history, and one that "has succeeded to a remark- 1 able degree.” He told his audience that he regretted his subject needed „ discussion in the cold language of economics, for, he said, "I realize as keenly as any one can that individually they are not problems of science, but are the most human questions in the world.” These problems, Mr. Hoover said, "involve the immediate fears of men and women for their daily bread, the well being of their children, the security of their homes. They are intensely personal questions fraught with living signiAcance to everything they hold dear.” Referring to his proposal for a thorough study of economic conditions, the President said: “I do believe that our experience shows that we can pro duce helpful and wholesome effects in our economic system by voluntary co operation through the great associations representative of business, Industry, labor and agriculture, both nationally and locally.” The President said, that in his opin ion. the intensity of the speculative boom which reached its climax in the crash last Fall was as great or greater than that of “any of our major manias before,” but that the intensity at the slump has been greatly diminished by the efforts that have been made. WISCONSIN HJGH CLOSES SO STUDENTS MAY FISH Trout Season Opens and Officials Dismiss Students, Who Usually ▲re Absent May 1. By the Associated Press. TOMAH. Wis., May 2.—The trout season opened yesterday, so the Tomah High School closed. Tired of too many unexplained absences on May 1 of each year, school officials decided to dismiss students for the day. ber proposed to "sponsor another na tional conference to adopt some more resolutions of sympathy for agriculture.” He asserted that the board intended to continue to serve the fanner. He said the chamber’s action “simply confirms what we told the membership of that organization Wednesday.” "They are for something to help the farmer only until they find out it works,” he added. "Naturally, we had hoped thqy would support our efforts to aid agriculture, but if they are going to oppose us we are glad they have come out in the open. "It’s much easier to deal with an enemy who is squarely against you than one who pretends to be friendly, but fights you behind your back. "Our client is the farmer, and we are going to continue to serve him just as the agricultural marketing act intended we should—for his benefit, not the bene fit of some one else.” Legge and Secretary Hyde criticized the Chamber of Commerce attitude to ward the board in speeches before the chamber Wednesday.