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(V. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.) Showers tonight and possibly tomor row, slightly cooler tonight; cooler to morrow. Temperatures—Highest, 92, at 2:30 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 71, at 5 am. today. Full report on page B-4. Closing N.Y. Markets, Pages 13,14 &15 No. 31,447. CARAWAY FAVORS EXCUSING CANNON AS LOBBY WITNESS Has No Intention at Present of Ordering Subpoena for Bishop. WILL VISIT MISSOURI ' BEFORE RETURNING HERE .# * Committee, Puzzling Over Proce dure. Will Not Act Until Chair man Reaches Capital. By the Associated Press. JONESBORO. Ark., June 6.—Visiting his home today for a few hours before leaving for Dexter, Mo., and then for Washington, Senator T. H. Caraway, chairman of the Senate lobby commit tee, said he had no intention at present of ordering a subpoena issued for Bishop James Cannon, jr., who yesterday - walked out on the lobby committee. “I see no occasion to insist on the bishop testifying,” Caraway said. “The investigation is aimed at lobbying and not political matters. I do not know all the facts that have developed since I left Washington, but as he came at his owm request, if he did not care to answer questions he should be excused, is the view I have taken.” Senator Caraw'ay yesterday canceled an engagement to speak before the Arkansas Bar Association convention at Port Smith, and it was reported there that he had left hurriedly for Washing ton as a result of the controversy be tw r een the committee and Bishop Can , non. He explained he canceled the Port Smith engagement in order to , make a brief visit home. Caraway's Return Awaited. By the Associated Press. Awaiting the return of Chairman Caraway from Arkansas, the puzzled Senate lobby investigators today pon dered the question of what to do with Bishop .James Cannon, jr., for refusing to answer questions and for walking out on the committee. Senator Walsh, Democrat, of Mon tana, the acting chairman, said no ac tion would be taken until Caraway reaches Washington. His office received a telegram from him today from Jones boro, Ark., his home. The telegram did not mention returning to Washington. Cannon is supported by Caraway in maintaining the committee was not em powered to inquire into political activ- i sties. ' • MOORE TUBE SENT TO LOOKOUT FARM Young Pitcher Is to Be Bought by : Nationals for $17,500 Over Option Price. j Carlos Moore, youthful right-hand < pitcher of the Griffmen. obtained on option from the Birmingham club of the Southern Association, today be- 1 > came the outright property of the Washington team and will be placed for development with Chattanooga, the Na tionals’ “farm,” according to announce ment by President Clark Griffith. Moore joined the Nationals this sea aon on trial at a cost of $2,500 and In taking full title to him the local club will have to pay the Barons an additional $17,500. Although he has had little chance thus far to demonstrate his worth, Manager Johnson believes Moore has a future as a big leaguer, and on his recommendation the 23-year-old Ten nesseean will be assigned to Joe Engel’s Lookouts, with whom he is assured of steady work. Moore will leave the Na tionals at Detroit this evening for his new berth at Chattanooga. • STATISTICS BUREAU MUST DISCHARGE 32 EMPLOYES Branch of Labor Department First to Feel Pinch of Government Economy. The Bureau of Labor Statistics in the Labor Department today was the first Government bureau to feel the pinch of congressional economy. Ethelbert Stew art, commissioner, said it will be neces aary to drop 32 employes between now; and July 15 because Congress did not continue an appropriation of $37,000. • This item was for use in a study of employment throughout the country, it was explained. * “The work showed excellent results,” Mr. Stewart said In commenting on the announcement, “and I was surprised I that Senators were willing that it should j be impaired ” , Lindberghs Make Flight. TETERBORO AIRPORT, N. J., June 6 (A 3 ). —Col. and Mrs. Charles A. Lind bergh took off from here in a small monoplane shortly before noon today and returned to the airport after a half hour's flight. UNDAMAGED TIRE BRINGS ARREST OF PACKING FIRM HEAD IN MURDER Victim at First Was Believed Killed by Passing Car While Repairing Puncture. Br tbe Associated Press. TOPEKA, Kans., June 6 Discovery that a yre was undamaged which Roy Kramer, packing company vice presi dent, apparently was mending when killed March 26, led to the arrest yes terday of L. H. Kimmel, president of the firm, on a charge of murder. Kramer's body was found stretched in front of his automobile near a wheel , supported by a jack, along a highway ' near Topeka Police assumed he had been killed by a passing automobile until they noticed the tire had not been punctured. The undamaged tire started an Inves tigation which ended yesterday when •1 Entered as second class matter post office, Washington, D. C. Train Ride First For Woman Living Near Metropolis Servant Gets Change When Employer Moves After 50 Years for Summer. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. June 6.—Although she has resided within commuting distance of New York City almost halt a century. Miss Ellen Terry has never seen a sky scraper nor been in the subway, and next Wednesday she will have her first ride on a railroad train. The occasion for the trip is that Miss E. Douglas Southwick, whom she has served since Miss Southwick w’as a babe in arms, is moving for the Sum mer from Larchmont, N. Y., to Ogon quit. Me. But even then the journey has been so arranged that the servant will not have to face the bustle of New York. “I knew- the Grand Central Terminal would simply prove too much of a shock for the start of her initial train ride,” said Miss Southwick, who has arrang’d to have her party travel by automobile to Stamford. Conn., to board the train. Miss Tully said she never had any desire to see the sights of New York. ZEPPEUN LANDS AT HOME HANGAR Graf Dodges Storm Over Rhone Valley on Final Lap of Trip. By the Associated Press. FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany, June 6. —The Graf Zeppelin, home from her 18,000-mile voyage to South America and the United States, landed at Frledrlchshafen at 7:22 p.m. (1:22 p.m. Eastern standard time). The Graf thus completed safely a cruise lasting 19 days, during which she made landings in Spain, Brazil and the United States and flew over the North African coast. FIGHTS WIND AND STORM. Graf Dodges Rhone Valley in Flight to Switzerland. The Graf, having dodged a storm area in France, was fighting against a strong north wind and was flying at a height of about 600 feet. The Graf Zeppelin shortly before had passed over Salins, France, northeast of Lyons, and approximately 200 miles from Friedrichshafen. The Graf had taken a northeast course from the region of Valence di rectly toward the Swiss border in order to avoid a terrific electric storm in the Rhone Valley in the Lyons region. The Graf, which had struck up the Mediterranean coastline toward the Rhone Valley and home, had been ex pected to reach Friedrlchschafen after its 18,000-mtle journey to the two Amer icas, at about 8 p.m. (2 p.m. Eastern standard time), but probably will be The ship had averaged a speed of late. about 60 miles per hour from Seville. Just 31 minutes was spent yesterday at Seville, after an ocean crossing from Lakehurst occupying 62 hours and 52 minutes, more than 12 hours in excess of the 50 hours in which Dr. Hugo Eckener, the ship's master, had ex pected to make the trip. The delay was caused by storms off the Iberian peninsula. From Seville the Graf turned toward Cadiz to evade head winds. Among the passengers disembarked at Seville were Mrs. Mary Pierce, American woman, whose husband met her there, and the Infante Don Al fonso de Orleans, cousin of the King of Spain. Local pride expressed itself In color ful decorations. Flags were floating from most houses and at the Zeppelin works in the Maybach engineering shops. A great laurel wreath commemorat ing the first South American flight was ready to be handed over with due ceremony to Dr. Hugo Eckener by a rep resentative of the town. CRYSTALLIZED DYNAMITE KILLS MINING OPERATOR Explosive, Being Removed From Home to Avoid Danger, Is Jarred in Automobile. By the Associated Press. DENVER. June 6.—Park Hill, a fash ionable Denver residence district, was rocked by explosion of a case of dyna mite last night, which also took the life of Dennis J. Phillips, 23, mining man of Denver and Caro, Colo. Phillips was en route in his auto mobile to a mountain home site to 1 dispose of the dynamite when the ex plosion occurred. Windows were broken and pictures and dishes shaken to floors of houses a mile distant. Parts of the car and Phillips’ body were found 300 yards away. The dynamite had crystallized and was dangerous, Phillips had told his mother, advising her he was going to remove it before something happened. Police said jarring of the car exploded the dynamite. Virgil Pointer, Kimmel’s handy man, “was alleged to have confessed he killed Kramer at the packing company’s executive’s suggestion.” Pointer was quoted by police as say ing he ambushed Kramer on a stair way of his home, struck him with a club and drove with the body to the place on the highway where it was found next day. In his purported con fession he said he forgot to puncture the tire after elevating it on a jack !o ! deceive investigators. Protesting his innocence, the packing company executive, who has a wife and five children, pleaded not guilty and was released on $25,000 bond. Pointer was held in default of bond. The packing company collected $30,- 000 Insurance won death of its vice president. V V y J , y WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION \^/ WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, JUNE 6, 1930 -FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** [RESULT DOUBTFUL 1 SIMMONS RACE IN NORTH CAROLINA White Supremacy and Al Smfth Issues in Contest Against J. W. Bailey. OPPONENT OF SENATOR l IS FORMER SUPPORTER Single Wet Candidate Is Conceded Only 5,000 Votes in State Primary. Special Dispatch to The Star. RALEIGH, N. C., June 6. —Despite rival claims of majorities of 60.000 the State as a whole is in grave doubt as to the result of the Democratic primary tomorrow, which will determine whether or not United States Senator Furnifold McLendel Simmons will be given his sixth nomination or will be replaced on the ticket by Josiah William Bailey, Raleigh lawyer and former Simmons lieutenant. The campaign has developed intense bitterness in its closing days. The doubt expressed everywhere ex cept in the camps of the two candi- 1 dates, each of which is undoubtedly confident, does not mean that the re sult will necessarily be close. It does mean that political observers in the State, all of whom were badly fooled when Hoover, with the active aid of Simmons, carried the State by a ma jority of 60,000 over Smith in 1928, are somewhat doubtful about their own judgments in a situation which largely involves the same factors that deter mined the 1928 result. 1 By using only visible signs and por tents it is easier to figure a victory for Bailey than Simmons. But by conced ing the Simmons claim that he will get the "silent vote” is just as easy to ac count for a sizable Simmons’ majority. Silent Vote Important. The “silent vote,” always important in the State, is even more so in this con test because of the limited opportunity for public expression due to the extra- ] ordinary and unprecedented character , of the campaign, which has been con ducted. ( Politics and oratory have always been synonomous in North Carolina. Never , before has there been a campaign when , speeches did not resound from every 1 stump and the size of the crowds and 1 the enthusiasm displayed in themselves i went far to reflect public sentiment. . And of all the candidates discussed as possible opponents to Senator Sim- 1 mons none was so well fitted for a vigor- e ous speaking campaign as Bailey, who t le ' the Simpions orators when the Sena- r tor was last opposed for the nomination in 1912. , But to the amazement of the State \ Bailey did no speaking at all, making his , only platform appearance before an au- i dience of home supporters here last , night, the speech being also broadcast . by radio. Leadership la laaue. The Bailey strategy has been simple. J For Bailey and his principal supporters the one question to be settled In this contest is whether or not Senator Sim mons can again lead his party in this i State after refusing to vote for the 1 Democratic presidential nominee In 1928 i In his zeal to make that the one and 1 only issue, Bailey has been quite con- < tent to submerge his own individual 1 personality and to pitch the campaign 1 upon an anti-Simmons rather than pro- 1 Bailey note. With the overwhelming bulk of party 1 workers on his side and bitterly resent- j ful of the course taken by Senator ( Simmons in 1928, Bailey has also been I quite content to depend upon organiza tion. ! In adopting that course Bailey was I taking a leaf from Senator Simmons’ ] own book. Senator Simmons, himself, i has never done much speaking in his i campaigns, but heretofore his organi zation work has always been supple- ] mented by many speeches by others. ' This time there has been an almost i negligible amount of speaking on his i part, and with the famed Simmons ma- I chine functioning almost intact for : Bailey, and with those politicians re- i inforced by the group which in the past was classified as anti-machine, Bailey got off to a big start. Had to Rebuild Machine. The big task facing Senator Simmons ; was the rebuilding of an organization, ( with only a small nucleus composed of ; a personal following which stuck to him , through thick and thin despite differ- . ences over Smith in 1928 and a much | larger group of those who were active in i the anti-Smith Democratic movement. , To round out this organization, Sen- ; (.Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) i ACCIDENTAL SHOT KILLS BOY’S FATHER John Peak, 46. of Havre de Grace, Dies When Gun Is Dis charged by Son. By the Associated Press. LIGONER, Pa., June 6. —A fatal shooting halted a motor caravan carry ing members of three families from Maryland and Virginia to Washington State in search of work today. John i Peak, 46, of Havre de Grace, Md„ was shot and killed when a shotgun was discharged accidentally by his son. The members of the party were Peak and his sons, Gale. 18, and Donald. 14; S. W. Wagg and hLs daughter and E. L. Sandridge and his wife and three chil dren. The Sandridges were from Roa ! noke, Va. The others lived In Havre de Grace. The motorists camped last night near ( here. Gale Peak discharged his father’s shotgun this morning as he was about to climb into the automobile where his . father was sleeping. The charge struck s Peak in the head, killing him instantly, i Gale Peak was held by State police pending further investigation. [ Four Killed in Collision. s DULUTH, June 6 (A*). —Two young i men and two women are dead and • three others are in a Duluth hospital * seriously injured as a result of a head ) on collision between an automobile and a street car last night. Violet Hanson, 5 20, Duluth, was instantly killed in the J crash, while three other occupants of 1 the car, Fred Hanson. 18, Mrs. Mary r Stewney, 29. both of Duluth, and John Hartman, Minneapolis, died today. - ■ 9 1 Radio Programs on Page C-3 4 * m , m wim -, TWO MORE PRIMARY PROBES DECIDED Senate to Investigate New Jersey and Oklahoma Campaigns. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. The senatorial primary campaigns in New Jersey and Oklahoma are to be in vestigated by the Senate slush fund committee, it was learned today. The committee has already begun in vestigations into the primary elections in Illinois and Pennsylvania. Senator Nye of North Dakota, chairman of the investigating committee, will leave here today or tomorrow to go to Chicago, where he will confer with investigators employed by the committee preparatory to holding hearings in Illinois later this month. According to reports received by the Senate committee money is being spent lavishly in the New Jersey campaign, where former Senator Joseph S. Freling huysen, Dwight W. Morrow and Repre sentative Franklin Fort are engaged in a triangular race for the Republican nomination. The primary election takes place June 17, and victory is claimed by the supporters of all three candidates. May Await Ballots. It is unlikely that the Senate inquiry into the New Jersey campaign expendi tures will be begun by the committee until after the primary is held. On the other hand it is expected that the committee will send investigators into the State at an early date to look into the charges made of excessive expendi tures there. New Jersey has a State law which limits campaign expenditures in the senatorial campaign to $50,000 per can didate. The charge is that this limit is being considerably exceeded. Mr. Morrow and Senator Frellnghuy sen have both come out in opposition to national prohibition. Representative Fort, on the other hand, is running as a dry, and is reported to be gaining considerable strength. The Senate investigating committee has received reports from Oklahoma where Senator Pine, Republican, is seeking renomination this year, to the effect that large amounts of money are being expended both in the campaign for the Republican senatorial nomina tion and in the Democratic campaign. Little Progress in Illinois. So far as the Illinois primary is concerned the Senate committee so far has merely had statements from Mrs. Ruth Hanna McCormick and Senator Charles S. Deneen. It still has to hear from the various committees, State and county. Mrs. McCojmick testified that she herself had expended nearly $250,- 000 of her own money. Senator Deneen told the committee he had expended about one-tenth of that amount. The Democratic nominee, J. Hamilton Lewis, was practically unopposed for the nomi nation, and spent only a few dollars. The committee has gone further Into the Pennsylvania primary, where Secre tary James J. Davis of Department of Labor won the Republican senatorial nomination over Senator Joseph R. Grundy. The county chairmen in Pennsylvania are allowed 30 days in which to file reports of their expendi tures, and it is unlikely that the Sen ate committee will hold any further hearings on the Pennsylvania primary until after those reports have been made. Members of the Senate com mittee are expressing the opinion that unless something unforeseen turns up there will be no grounds on which to challenge the nomination of Secretary Davis. pouceTchief ends life His Trial on Murder Charge Was to Open Today. COLUMBIA, S. C., June 6 (/s*).—A. B. McGraw, New Brookland chief of police, shot and killed himself this morning just before he was to go on trial on a charge of murdering Henry Martin, young Columbia man. % The officer shot Martin April 8, 1929. in the emergency operating room of a Columbia hospital. The case was tried last July, but the jury was unable to agree. RESEARCH IS FINANCED BALTIMORE, June 6 (A*).—Gifts totaling $887,500 to be given over a period of 10 years for the increased support of the biological sciences and SIOO,OOO for “a fluid research in the humanities,” were announced today by Dr. Joseph S. Ames, president of Johns Hopkins University. The Rockefeller Foundation was the donor. The work of Dr. Raymond Pearl, noted biological experimenter, is among that financed. Now director of the In stitute of Biology, he will become pro fessor of biology next year, it was an nounced. Washington-Detroit Game Is Called Off Due to Wet Grounds DETROIT, June 6. —The fourth game of the four-game series between the Washington Na tionals and Detroit Tigers was called off this afternoon because of wet grounds. PAY BIEL ACTION OFF UNTIL MONDAY Tilson Hopes for Agreement. Simmons Enlists Demo crats in Fight. Unless an agreement can be nego tiated, no action can be taken by the House on the police and firemen's pay bill before Monday, v.hen the House rules committee will meet, House Leader Tilson said today. “I am hopeful that an agreement can be arranged,” said Mr. Tilson. “Those who are now in antagonism on this measure are almost in agreement. It would be a shame when they are close to an agreement to let such an impor tant measure be lost.” It was learned today that Representa tive Simmons of Nebraska, chairman of the subcommittee on District appro priations, who forced the so-called Donovan amendments through and who objected to unanimous consent to send ing the bill to conference with the Senate, now has organized Democratic opposition to support his fight against the bill unless his terms are agreed to. Minority Leader Garner and Represent ative Byrans, of Tennessee, ranking Democrat on the appropriations com mittee, are ready, it was learned, to support Mr. Simmons. Situation la Tense. The situation has become very tense with bitter feeling expressed. It is for this reason that the effort is being made today to secure an agreement, under which the bill will be sent to conference by unanimous consent and with an understanding that the House conferees will not recede on the so called Donovan-Simmons amendments without bringing back to the House for an opportunity for the House members to vote directly upon them. Representative Simmons is attempt ing to keep the bill from going to con ference, where these amendments would be stricken out. He desires to have the House con ferees sent to the conference under in structions not to yield, and Chairman Zihlman and Acting Chairman McLeod of the House District committee have declared that they would not act as conferees under such conditions. House Leader Tilson and Chairman Snell of the rules committeee said to day they are sure away will be worked out for getting this legislation with the House itself given an opportunity to (Continued on Page 2, Column 8.) Estate Valued at $40,000,000. LOS ANGELES. June 6 (A*).—An estate valued at $40,000,000 was left by the late George F. Getty, oil operator, it was disclosed yesterday with the filing of his will for probate. Getty died last Saturday. He was 74 years old. Growth in Circulation During the past 10 years the circulation of The Star in the city and suburbs has increased over. 20 per cent daily and over 30 per cent on Sunday. In the past two years The Star has gained ap proximately 10,000 in cir culation, both daily and Sunday. Yesterday's Advertising: (Local Display) Lines. The Evening Star. .56358 2d Newspaper.... .20,619 3d Newspaper.. 8,33 J ! 4th Newspaper.... 4,336 sth Newspaper.... 4,290 Total other four newspapers 37,576 Advertising in The Star is the greatest motive force for stimulating business in » Washington. _ 10-CENT CAR FARE ATTACKED IN BRIEF Joint Utilities Argument Is Submitted to Supreme Court by Counsel. Sweeping grounds and in opposition to the granting of a 10 cent fare to Washington street car companies today were set forth in a joint and final brief in argument in the rate case filed in the District Supreme Court on behalf of the Public Utilities Commission by Vernon West, assistant corporation counsel, and Richmond B. Keech, peo ple’s counsel. As "the only course through which the public and company can be pro tected tney asked the court to deny the petition on the grounds that the two street car companies had not offered sufficient proof of their need for an Increased fare, and made these alternate suggestions: That the court either cause a revaluation of the trac tion company properties through the medium of a master in chancery or the auditor, or else remand the Public Util ities Commissions with Instructions to revalue.” Previous Facts Covered. The 46-page brief, which covera at length all the ground previously stated in the petition of the car companies, was signed by West as counsel for the commission, and by Keech as the Inde pendent advocate of the public. The effect of a revaluation Is two fold. they told the court. "It would provide an element necessary to a de termination of a proper rate base and would do much In our opinion to bring the car-riding public and utilities to gether, the latter being essential to the welfare of the two railways. Partic ularly is this so because of the fact that people now have other sources of transportation, comparable in price and much more expeditious. Furthermore, it is also our belief that the public gen eral would accept an increase, with much better grace if It knew It was based upon a recent valuation rather than one built up In an uncertain man ner.” William H. Ham, president of the Washington Railway & Electric Co., which joined with the Capital Traction Co., in petitioning for a fare increase, was quoted in the brief as having stated at the hearings that "a revalution would be helpful to the commission in determining these cases.” Fairness to Public. The document sets forth in brief that the court can not, in fairness to the public, grant a higher fare without valuation; that the 10 cent fare, with its resulting loss of passengers, would not increase the companies' return on value; declared that if the Increase Is granted to one company It must neces (Contlnued on Page 2, Column 4.) ADKINS NOMINATION IS SENT TO SENATE Early Confirmation Is S«en as Capital and Mitchell Ap prove Choice. President Hoover today sent to the Senate the nomination of Jesse C. Ad kins, for 30 years a member of the local bar and one-time president of the Bar Association of the District of Colum bia, to be associate justice of the Dis trict Supreme Court of the District, filling the vacancy caused by the pro motion of Justice Alfred A. Wheat to be chief justice of that court. Announcement yesterday Tn The Star that the President had decided upon Mr. Adkins for this important place on the bench was received in Washington with general approval, and the White House has every reason to feel that the Senate readily will confirm Mr. Adkin s nomination. The appointment was made on recom mendation of Attorney General Mitchell, who personally made a close servey of Washington attorneys and even con sidered available material outside of Washington in obtaining the type of man the President desired for this bench. Mr. Adkins was not a candidate, but was prevailed upon by friends to per mit his name to be considered. He was indorsed by prominent members of the bar and business men and by the local Republican organization. He had wide experience as a lawyer, having served as assistant United State attorney for the District and as Assistant Attorney General and a Special Attorney General in addition to a wide private practice. The nomination will be referred to the judiciary committee which holds tta next meeting Monday, 4 ’ ’ The only evening paper in Washington with the Associated Press news service. Yesterday’s Circalatioe, 112,514 UP) Mean* Associated Press. CAPITAL’S ALLEYS NOT THREATENED BY CITY PROGRESS Hidden Communities Lie Be hind Tide of Residential Development. SHOWN TO BE UNSUITED TO COMMERCE OF DAY Navy Place, Largest Example Ex tant, Is Little World in Itself and Typifies Problem. ■ Note—This is the sixth and con cluding article of a series on Wash ington's alley problem and plans pro posed for its solution. Washington's 200-odd inhabited al leys are unlikely to disappear ot their own accord in the path of progress. Progress did not see them when it passed through the neighborhoods where these hidden communities are still found and, as a general rule, it has passed on. An example is the narraw warehouse and shop area at the foot of Wisconsin avenue between the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal and the river. Once it was a residential section, evidenced by the fine old Grace Episcopal Church standing just above the canal, with its trim churchyard shaded by tall trees and surrounded by a neat iron fence. But the homes have given way to Industry, which hems in the .desolate interior courts where the hovels still shelter their few families and Junk accumu lates around the roots of straggling lo custs, which resolutely sustain the green spirit of nature from ash piles and sand heaps. Church Hides Desolation. About as desolate as any of Washing ton’s alley communities is that hidden from the rest of the world by the pic turesque front of Grace Church itself, the only entrance to which is along a narrow road which skirts the church fence. The houses, wooden shacks scat tered at random and one short row of brick hovels, seem about as uncomfort able and insanitary as can be found in the city, although one tumbledown structure makes a pathetic plea for re spectability with a blossom-covered rose bush in its tiny front yard. On the other side of Wisconsin ave nue between Grace street and the river is Cecils alley, which winds through rows of small brick houses, in front of which are congregated loafers, women and unkempt children. One entrance is up shaky brick stairs from a narrow opening in the brick front of Grace street. A few yards farther on there is a wider opening, used by the cars which are housed in the garages, into which some of the alley homes have been con verted. Both these alley settlements are stranded residence islands in an area taken over by commerce, which hems them in on both sides, but which is not ready to engulf them. It may be years before they disappear in the ordi nary course of events. Navy Plaee Is Typical. The largest of Washington’s extant alleys is Navy place southeast. In Mr. Ihlder’s report to the National Capital Park and Planning Commislson it is de scribed as containing 70 houses. A big double H of narrow, paved ways, taking up almost the entire interior of a large block, it is one of the most typical as to housing and population and one of the best concealed of all Washington’s alleys. It occupies the square between Sixth, Seventh, G and I streets. On three sides it is completely shut off from the outside world by apparently unbroken fronts of row houses. One of the nar row lanes emerges on Sixth street. The settlement also can be entered across a desolate, vacant Sixth street lot. The street houses have extremely small back yards, some of them almost entirely taken up by brick sheds, so that the alley hovels creep up almost to the back doorsteps. The main street of Navy place is pic turesquely squalid—two rows of tiny brick houses separated by a narrow paved street—with an unusual number of loafers before the doors. One day last week there was an exciting craps game in progress among a half dozen colored men on one doorstep, while a few feet farther on two were engaged in the peaceful game of checkers. Un (Continued on Page 3, Column 2.) MACHADO CUTS OWN PAY - . • Cuban Executive Takes Lead in Re ducing National Budget. HAVANA. Cuba, June 6 (/P).—Presi dent Gerardo Machado yesterday took the initiative in reducing Cuba's na tional budget by appearing before the cabinet and voluntarily cutting his sal ary to $12,000 a year from $25,000. Salaries of other government officials were reduced also to enable the secre tary of the treasury to keep within the $76,000,000 budget announced yester day. The other salary reductions were not in proportion to that visited on President Machado by himself. As a result of the reforms in the budget adopted yesterday expenses of the government for tire coming fiscal year are reduced approximately $12,000,000 Get Turkish Match Monopoly. ISTANBUL, Turkey, June 6 UP). —An- gora advices today reported that the Turkish cabinet had approved the American and European Match Co.'s offer of a $10,000,000 advance to the Turkish government for 25 years’ con trol of the Turkish match monopoly. ! Higinson & Co. of New York will han- ; | die the financing. I ~ MAN WHO REFUSED CENSUS FACTS IS DECLARED INSANE IN REPORT Doctor Recommends That Patrick Gallagher Be Com mitteed to St. Elizabeth’s Hospital. Patrick Gallagher. 1400 block of M street, the only person arrested in the District for refusal to answer census inquiries, was today declared Insane in a report received at Police Court from Dr. Edgar Bocock. superintendent of Galllnger Hospital, where Gallagher was sent for mental observation. Bocock in a letter to Charles B. Mur ray, assistant district attorney, declared that his examination showed the man should not be judged responsible for his actions. He advised that he be com mitted fta Sk Elisabeth's Hospital. It TWO CENTS. BRADY TESTIMONY DISCREPANCIES PUT UNDER STATE’S FIRE Mother Declared She Had No ’ Objection to Herman “Court ing” Naomi Hall. LEROY HAD TESTIFIED SHE OPPOSED MATCH Defense Rests as Seat Pleasant Bombing Case Nears Jury at Rockville. By a Staff Correspondent of The Star. ROCKVILLE, Md., June 6.——Discrep ancies in the testimony of mother and son on an important point marked the murder trial here today of Leroy Brady, charged with responsibility for the re- • cent triple bomb slaying in Seat Pleas ant. The defense rested its case at 12:15 p.m. Mrs. Ella Brady, mother of the de fendant. the first witness of the day, declared that at no time had she ob jected to Herman "courting” Naomi Hall, whom he later married and who was one of the victims of the bombing. She said she had voiced no such ob jections to either Herman or Leroy. Leroy Said She Opposed. Leroy testified under cross-examina tion that his mother had sought to per suade Herman to stop keeping com pany with Naomi some three years ago. He said she opposed Herman's paying attention to the girl because she thought he was too young. J. Wilson Ryon of counsel for the prosecution, stressed this portion of his cross-examination of Leroy. He indi cated he would Insist In his argument to the jury that Leroy had slain his brother’s wife because his mother, who knew nothing of the marriage at that time, would be distressed should she learn Herman had failed to carry out her wishes. This was the first time any possible motive had been developed during the triaL Attorneys Are Rebuked. Numerous bitter verbal exchanges be tween Ryon and M. Hampton Mggruder, chief of defense counsel, occurred dur ing the day. The antagonism became so evident at one point that Chief Justice Hammond Umer reprimanded both lawyers. He told them to direct their objections to the bench and not to each other. Leroy was calm during direct ex amination, but under the gruelling questioning of Ryon after cross-exam ination began appeanyj more nervous than he had been at any time during the trial. Emphasis was laid by the defense during examination of Leroy on his statement that a trigger from a fur gun, included among the official ex hibits, was the same atrip of steel which he had removed from the weapon at the request of his brother Emmett. The State previously had contended Leroy had taken the trigger from the fur gun and used it in construction of the death-dealing device. Box Under Car Is Explained. Defense counsel also took precau tions to draw from Leroy a detailed < explanation of a box he had built beneath the floorboard of his auto mobile. He said the purpose of the con tainer was to enable the secretion of liquor, fish and game on trips from Southern Maryland to Washington. The prosecution intimated it intended to attempt to prove this box was built to enable the safe hiding of the bomb while it was in the process of con struction. , The first point made by Ryon in his cross-examination was that Leroy had drilled certain holes in> the fur gun while removing" its steel trigger and substituting one made of brass. The prosecution lawyer made no Intimation of what he expected this to prove. Leroy testified under cross-examina tion that he had attended Tech High School in Washington and had studied electricity. He had failed to mention this when asked on direct examination (Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) DISTmCTBiLLSTILL IS HELD IN IMPASSE Senate Conferees Stand Firm on Compromise as Rouse Re fuses to Budge. With the conferees still at an im passe over fiscal relations, the situation regarding the District appropriation bill remained unchanged today. The Senate conferees are unanimous in the belief that the increase in the cost, of maintaining the Capital City calls for some increase in the $9,000,0d0 lump sum on which the House has in sisted for the past several years. The position of the Senate group is that until the House members are willing to discuss some compromise there is nothing to be gained by continuing the conferences. It has been pointed out on the Sen ate side that they are not insisting upon acceptance of the Senate action in raising the lump sum to $12,000,000, but are firmly of the opinion that the House should meet the Senate on some midale ground between the two viewpoints. r~ ■ ■■ - is understood that the case will be given a hearing in the District Supreme Court. Gallagher was apprehended through the efforts of J. Sterling Moran, super visor of the census, who reported mak ing repeated efforts to glean the desired census information from Gallagher without success. The man was arraigned in Police Court. Judge Gus A. Schuldt, after questioning Gallagher for some time, decided that the man was unfit for trial. The case was nolle pressed by Mur ray. . ( 1 ,j J -4. .