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LIGHT HOUSES NOW
INBUILT FOR INLAND Navigation Markers Placed P on Air Route as Well as Seacoast. BY JOSEPH S. EDGERTON. yer' A»i»tlon. Kdltor of The Stur. Light houses have been so long asso ciated with foam-crested seas and v storm-battered roasts that even today * it comes as a shock to many laymen to learn that there are* in the United States hundreds of light houses that »never saw any sea—light houses In the middle of peaceful farms or forested hills. The Bureau of Light Houses. Depart ment of Commerce, up to the past decade was engaged with matters nautical almost exclusively. Today it ~*ends its engineers into the deserts, plains and mountains to plant their beacons and navigational aids. The Government is charting and establishing guide posts along the coasts of the seas of the air, and these coasts include every square mile of land and water in the country. Until you have flown cross-country on a dark and cloudy night you can’t begin to appre ciate the comfort that comes from an ordinary airways beacon light, set-down perhaps in the corner of a pasture lot. When the earth is blotted out by darkness, these beacons, located at intervals of 10 miles along the airways, beckon the pilot along his proper course with long, friendly fingers of light. In addition to the beacons, course lights point out the way to the next beacon site and red lights, flashing in code, tell the pilot the number of the beacon and so inform him of his exact location on the airway. Assistance Demonstrated. The manner in which these latest aids to navigation, the light houses of the air. assist the night pilot was demonstrated to the writer Friday night by William T. Miller, principal airways extension superintendent of the Bureau of Light Houses. Department of Com merce. and Frederick R. Neely, chief of the information division, aeronautics branch. Department of Commerce. The take-off time was set for 7:43 o'clock at the Department of Com merce hangar. Bolling Field. It had been raining and there still were oc casional ljght showers up to a few min utes before the scheduled time. Pools of water stood around the hangars and on the line. Low clouds trailed long streamers in the night air as they hur ried up the Atlantic coast to keep some aerial appointment probably off the Newfoundland banks. The Department of Commerce Fair child cabin monoplane stood out,on the line with red, green and w’hite naviga tion lights showing. There w-a's a rivmg : glow under the clouds to the West, but | darkness was falling fast Miller w-aved to a mechanic to “wind her up” ! and the big Wasp motor coughed and settled into a steady drone. “Let's get going.” Miller said and •o we did. , Miller took his place at the stick, i waved the mechanic a wav, taxieu out • across the soggy field and’took off just ; as the last pale ghosts of the day ' pulled in their heads over the Western horizon. Only a moment and the plane was up at cloud level, less than 2 000 feet. The lights of the National Cap ltal gleamed and w-ashed the low clouds with a lemon-colored glow. Sheet lightning lit a ruddy fire in a cavern •bf. the clouds off under the left wing, we headed off toward Balitmore. . First 10 Miles Out. Immediately the first beacon north i M Washington, 10 miles irorn Bolling i Field appeared. Its red marker light I bunked “dash-dot-dash." the code for Its numbered place on the airway These beacons on the coastal route are numbered north from Atlanta, Ga They are 10 miles apart and are num- ! bered from 1 to 10. starting over again each 100 miles. The red blinker con- j tinued to flash its code message over i and over, a steady little beam of light I pointed a steady flnger»long the airway 1 and above all the beam of the rotating I beacon swung a ceaseless treadmill i march under the clouds Though sev- i eral million candle lights are concen- i trated in that narrow beam it often is ! impossible to see the beam itself, only j Jur e< ? ® asl i of the “•** * s u directly toward the plane. This b?a- — — ■ F. O. B. 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Looking back there were two beacons, the landing field beacon standing on St. Elizabeth's Hos pital hill and marking Bolling Field, and one below Alexandria. Va., near the old King's Highway, on which George Washington used to travel | from Mount Vernon to Georgetown. The beacon below Alexandria has been the scene of tests by the airways division to determine the performance of a new wind generator to provide ; current for the lights in isolated areas along the country’s airways. The principal of the wind-driven generator is not new. but in this case. | for the first time, the current require ments have been reduced to a point within the capacity of the generato* - . The wind generator keeps storage bat teries charged and is expected to lower the operation and maintenance cost of lights far off the beaten paths. The equipment installed there Is said to re quire a change of lamps and the lubri cation cf moving parts only once every six months and water for the storage battery but once a year. Weather by Radio. i There were four beacons In sight ahead and behind, a distance of 30 miles in all. Beyond the Landover beacon, which we now were approach ing rapidly, was the beacon at Bowie, Md. In a few moments the beacon at Glenburnie was sighted. The clouds were lower, and even at 1.800 feet a large white mass flowed away below, between us and the ground. Over Its edge the beacons blinked and gleamed ahead. Mr. Miller adjusted a pair of headphones over his ears, and we. finding a similar pair at each seat, did the same. A voice was speaking amid the crackle of static. “ —ceiling. 3,000 feet; visibility four miles; temperature. 57; barometer, 29 point something or other ” the voice said. It was the hourly weather re port from Hadley Field. Newark. A | few moments later another voice came in with reports on the New York ; Cleveland line. We found that the clouds ahead were low. less than 1.000 feet in places, and that showers were reported in some localities. Ahead the beacons beamed and twinkled. Bowi? beacon was off below the right wing under a mass of fluffy cloud. The next beacon ahead had no red marker light blinking. This THE S TODAY STAR. WASHING TOY. D. C., JTOE S. 10:)0—PART ONE showed that it marked.a landing field. It was the airport beacon at Logan Field. Baltimore. Scattered lights on the ground glit tered through openings in the low scud. Some of the lights flickered and moved, with tiny fans of dull glow ahead of them. They were the headlights of automobiles. A wedge of moving light, followed by a whole string of lights proved to be a Pennsylvania Railroad train on the way from Baltimore to Washington. Electric Flash Carries. There was a vivid green flash on the ground farther to the right. It lighted the whole interior of the airplane cabin: Startled momentarily, we looked and saw another flash, like lightning. It was the sparking of the trolley wheel of Washington, Baltimore and Anna polis electric train on its overhead wire. We recalled that Col. Charles A. Lind bergh, flying through a New Jersey fog, had seen such lights penetrating the mist where all others failed; the re sult, a new type of fog-penetrating bea con light for marking airports. The lights of Baltimore by now were spread out along a large section of the horizon ahead. Two beacons flashed from the tops of buildings in the down town section of the city. A long plume of smoke from an industrial plant was pointed by the flare of street lights. The boundary lights of Logan Field, with red obstruction lights outside their border marking power lines, chimneys and other danger points, stood out to the right. Beyond Baltimore showed the 10-mile beacon at Middle River and still further ahead the light at Edge wood Arsenal. The clouds appeared to be settling steadily and trailed their filmy skirts to within a few hundred feet of the ground. A solid mass of cloud ap peared below, blotting out all trace of the ground beneath. Over the shoul der of this cloud gleamed the long bank of light which was Baltimore. Over Its other shoulder twinkled the beacon at Edgewood and on beyond the one at Aberdeen Proving Ground. Turn Back From Clouds. The radio brought further reports of clouds closing in ahead. The scud thickened below and off under either wing were the foundations of the clouds built up high overhead. Aberdeen slip ped by and the lights of Havre de Grace came up through the clouds. The plane swung out over the Susquehanna River, banking in a long turn to the left. Under the raised right wing the clouds were banked thick. No beacons gleamed through their masses. We headed back for home. Passing over a little Summer eottage colony a few miles out of Baltimore, now- flying quite low, we were picked up by a motor boat searchlight, which sil vered the wings and flooded the cabin with light. We slid smoothly beyond its range a moment later and were over Baltimore Harbor, with the run ning lights of ships shining in the stream. Ahead the beacons beckoned us on to Logan Field. Once more the boun ary and obstruction lights appeared below and then, as we passed overhead, the whole field broke Into light as a great floodlight spread a warm and cheerv glow over the landing area and smaller lights bathed the hangars. It was a heart-warming sight; friendly and inviting. . We left Logan behind and after a few moments the great glowing lights went out leaving us heeding out over the darkened countryside, where occasional lights marked farm houses of high ways. Ahead there appeared a row of four green lights, w r hlch Miller In formed us were block signals along the electric railroad line. 1 Glenburnie and Bowie beacons appeared. Ahead the clouds were dropping lower and lower. We were down to a few hundred feet and still the trailers fiom the ’ cloud masses just above streamed away below. One of the bea cons blinked Its last as it became shrouded in white. A mist pemed to rise from the ground to join the- mist which dropped from above. Between the clouds, however, the air was clear and the lights gleamed brightly. The lights of Washington, however, disap peared to the west in a bank of mist.. Clouds Low Over Washington. Hvattsvtlle and Riverdale were below and to the right. Soon the Eastern Branch could be seen In the reflected glow of the city lights from the low hanging clouds. The Capitol, bathed in floodlights and with a beacon shin ing above its dome, was hard by un der the right wing. The clouds were heaw and almost to the ground oyer Mount Pleasant and the row of hills stretching away to Wisconsin avenue. We came low over Potomac Park, on a level with the top of the Washing ton Monument, now shrouded in cloud. The searchlight from the Powhatan Hotel, turned on the Monument potnt, burned dim through the mist. There were many shadows of the Monument cast on the cloud filaments, each larger and more ghostly than the one pre ceding. . , ' Flving up the Potomac at 400 feet, we finally were barely able to make out the great revolving beacon on top of Wardman Park Hotel, with its fixed pencil of light pointing the direction to Bolling Field. Both beacon and marker were shrouded in clouds. An easv swing to the left brought us back to Bolling Field, where the landing floodlights came on and the lighted “wind-T” shone brightly. Miller set the wheels down lightly as a feather. It had been demonstrated that a light house In the middle of a farm Is not so Inappropriate as it might seem; that it la. in fact, one of the great neces sities of the day in which we live. DRY EVIDENCE TURNS OUT TO BE FLAVORED WATER Proaecutor Withdraws Charge at Trial After Whiffs Are Found to Be Deceptive. By the Associated Press. DALLAS. June 7.—E. Crippen. as sistant United State* district attorney, today discovered "first hand” that things are not always what they seem. With a quart of colorless fluid which smelled like w-hlsky as evidence, Crip pen was trying to convict Monroe Har ris on a possession charge. The defendant insisted the evidence was not’ whisky. The fruit jar was passed among the Jurors and each took a ‘'whiff." The unanimous verdict was that It smelled like whisky. It then was returned to the prosecu tor. who took a taste. “Your honor, the defendant is cor rect.” he told the judge. “It Is just water with a whisky flavor. I ask that the case be dismissed.” His request was granted. Citizent’ Meeting Po»tponed. FALLS CHURCH, Va., June 7 (Spe cial).—President Frank Eastman has decided to postpone the regular meeting of the East Falls Church Citizens’ As sociation until June 17, in order that members of the association who would be unable to be present next Tuesday on account of the town election may attend SUPPORT OF DRY AC! REAFFIRMED Club Women’s Convention Adopts Resolution Favoring Enforcement. By the Associated Press. DENVER. June 7. —With bArely a ripple of dissension, the General Fed eration of Women’s Clubs today reaf firmed its stand for rigid enforcement of the prohibition laws and voted down an amendment to the resolution which would have deleted the word "sinister” in describing the "influences seeking to undermine the efficacy of the eighteenth amendment.” Eleven women out of a total delegate registration of almost 800 voted against the adoption of the resolution on a standing poll of the convention, rep resenting approximately 3.000,000 club women of the United States and for eign countries. A move was initiated by Miss Flor ence Dlbert of Johnstown, Pa., and for the sole purpose of getting the ques tion before the convention, she ex plained. to strike out the word "sinis ter,” was blocked by what appeared to be a solid chorus of negative voices. Introduction of a substitute resolu tion for the one read initially Friday Indorsing the principles of a bill now before Congress, which would virtually eliminate the Children’s Bureau (spon sored by the federation) and transfer its duties to the Public Health Service, precipitated prolonged discussion, and a fight is expected when the resolution comes up again next Thursday, to which date consideration was postponed today. The substitute resolution is sponsored by Mrs. Sadie Orr Dunbar of Portland, Oreg. Resolutions asking President Hoover to appoint a commission to study the problems of delinquent women and girls in Alaska and prepare plans for deal ing with them, ana a resolution urging the speedy ratification of the London Naval Treaty will come up Monday. "State presidents’ night" occupied to night’s program, with the memorial service In the Park of the Red Rocks In the mountains scheduled as the sole session Sunday. -• Listening to radio programs while traveling from Havre to Paris has made a hit with railway passengers. mmmmmm^^^mm Convenient Credit' ACHMA of Va/ucs"^^^^^™"™ fordrUmmluies Specially purchased suites and Regardless of your furniture require single pieces from Americans \ n '* nU ’ thi ‘ " th * aaU *° attmnd! ° nly .... . \ W I a few of the many important savings leading makers—every item at a V/< j A\ / are shown below!. Remember—Easy Mei«] Day-Bed 3-Pc. Velour Living Room Suite mattress?' o Opens'*lo 01 n nr Here's a suite that will sure please any June full yiee bed... ejllatltj Bride. Loose cushions, reversible, spring titled.... '' £ qiSi.y F and*"n““ ,, ’s?r f inJ Jg JjJ 10«Pc. Dinillg RoOltl Suite , titg.lr ijyiigii. • A wonderful value at this low price. Construe 3-Pc. i.t genuine Porch 3-P t Bed [iaiiapan Suite, I V 1 Rockers uplink*.rod in vplnur. I.nosp $98.00 * r " V 9 P [I tw rmm - Gre y Do " blr ML 1 JTM rflwjH fast Room Suite rattan j | j JWBm j four seat and ““ f l/® "You’ll Always Do Better Here" Hr Cor. Bth and E St*. N. W. *l6“ Married Fifty Years M 111 l K •:.-:'■v':mb- K 1 Observing their golden wedding anni versary. Rabbi Moses A. Horwitz and Mrs. Horwitz tonight will be tendered a banquet at Jewish Community Center by the Talmud Torah Congregation, which Dr. Horwitz has served 20 years. CHINESE IS KILLED AS TONGS SIGN PACT Police Believe Slaying Was Private Affair Rival i Groups Pledge Peace. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. June 7.—Scarcely was the ink dry on the peace treaty signed | today between the Hip Song and On j Leong tongs when another Chinese, the i seventh to meet violent death in the J last three days, was shot and killed in his Harlem laundry tonight. Tong officials failed to identify the body as that of one of their members and Police Commissioner Mulrooney believed the killing might be an act of j private vengeance. The victim was Charles Wong. 25, j who operated a laundry in West 124th j street. Neighbors said they saw a Chi nese wearing a brown suit and a straw | hat run out of the laundry after the ! shooting. There were five bullets in Wong's body. Summoned into conference by Dis- I trict Attorney Crain and Police Com missioner Mulrooney and warned that | further outbreaks would lead to whole sale deportations, the tong leaders | agreed to end the disturbances, for ' which they blandly disclaimed re- I sponsibility. The leaders pledged themselves to notify the tong headquarters- in other I cities of the agreement. For reasons generally impenetrable to the Occidental mind, the warfare broke ; out Wednesday night in Chicago. Bos- I ton and New York. One man was shot I and killed here. The aim was not so good in Chicago and Boston. Thursday morning a hatchet man cut down a rival tongsman in Newark. ' Early Friday morning a Brooklyn laundryman was killed, and last night i and early today three men were killed. | one each in New York, Chicago and 1 Everett. Federal agents rounded up the leaders | later in the day and reminded them of a similar peace treaty they had signed last Summer, then let them go. POLICE HERE ON GUARD. . ; Reports of Strange Chinese in City Start Tong War Rumors. Police surveillance of “Chinatown” was intensified yesterday following re B-3 ports that a number of strange Chinese had been noted in the downtown sec tion. giving rise to “tong war" rumors. Detectives visited a Ninth street res taurant building where a number of the strangers had been reported congregat ing, but found no suspicious persons in the neighborhood. Superintendent of Police Pratt and inspector Shelby have advised the police to be on the alert for signs of trouble, following news of shootings In other cities, fleut. Edward J. Kelly, chief of the homicide squad and “Chinese ex pert" of the police department, was in Chinatown until late Friday night con ferring with leaders of the On Leong and Hip Sing tongs here. The Chinese residents themselves evi denced no concern. Charlie Moy, Charlie Soo and other leaders of the On Leong group disclaimed any reason to fear the tong war would reach this city. Lew Toye. reputed leader of the Hip Sings, was at work in his laundrv yesterday afternoon when visited bv a Star reporter. He had no definite in formation to impart regarding the rumors of an influx of Chinese other cities, but said he had heard the rumors and had instructed his secre tary, Henry Law, to report the matter to the police for investigation. Toye said he favors the plan to de port persons involved in the tong “Send the leaders back to China when they start trouble and the troubles will end,” he declared. COL. FIERRO LANDS ON EMERGENCY FIELD Mexican Aviator Says He Lost Bearinps and Plans to Leave for Roosevelt Field. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. June 7.—C01. Roberto Fierro. Mexican aviator, mad? a forced landing on Barren Island, in Jamaie? B&y, late today in his flight from Mont gomery, Ala., to Roosevelt Field. H| said he temporarily lost his bearings. - He glided to a perfact landing o', the emergency field of the New Yor* City police air force. There was noth ing the matter with the plane, and , h # expected to take off soon for Rodse velt Field,, where he was to be greeted. A police plane piloted by Capt. Wal* lander left the central police field at Astoria, Long Island, to escort the Mexican flyer to Roosevelt Field. Col. Fierro plans a non-stop flight to Mexico City from New York some time next week. He left San Antonio, Tex., yesterday for Montgomery. Moneton. New Brunswick, will build a large exhibition hall containing an auditorium and banquet hall.