LIGHT HOUSES NOW
INBUILT FOR INLAND
Navigation Markers Placed
P on Air Route as Well as
BY JOSEPH S. EDGERTON.
A»i»tlon. Kdltor of The Stur.
Light houses have been so long asso
ciated with foam-crested seas and
v storm-battered roasts that even today
* it comes as a shock to many laymen
to learn that there are* in the United
States hundreds of light houses that
»never saw any sea—light houses In the
middle of peaceful farms or forested
The Bureau of Light Houses. Depart
ment of Commerce, up to the past
decade was engaged with matters
nautical almost exclusively. Today it
~*ends its engineers into the deserts,
plains and mountains to plant their
beacons and navigational aids.
The Government is charting and
establishing guide posts along the coasts
of the seas of the air, and these coasts
include every square mile of land and
water in the country. Until you have
flown cross-country on a dark and
cloudy night you can’t begin to appre
ciate the comfort that comes from an
ordinary airways beacon light, set-down
perhaps in the corner of a pasture lot.
When the earth is blotted out by
darkness, these beacons, located at
intervals of 10 miles along the airways,
beckon the pilot along his proper
course with long, friendly fingers of
light. In addition to the beacons,
course lights point out the way to the
next beacon site and red lights, flashing
in code, tell the pilot the number of the
beacon and so inform him of his exact
location on the airway.
The manner in which these latest
aids to navigation, the light houses of
the air. assist the night pilot was
demonstrated to the writer Friday night
by William T. Miller, principal airways
extension superintendent of the Bureau
of Light Houses. Department of Com
merce. and Frederick R. Neely, chief of
the information division, aeronautics
branch. Department of Commerce.
The take-off time was set for 7:43
o'clock at the Department of Com
merce hangar. Bolling Field. It had
been raining and there still were oc
casional ljght showers up to a few min
utes before the scheduled time. Pools
of water stood around the hangars and
on the line. Low clouds trailed long
streamers in the night air as they hur
ried up the Atlantic coast to keep some
aerial appointment probably off the
The Department of Commerce Fair
child cabin monoplane stood out,on the
line with red, green and w’hite naviga
tion lights showing. There w-a's a rivmg :
glow under the clouds to the West, but |
darkness was falling fast Miller
w-aved to a mechanic to “wind her up” !
and the big Wasp motor coughed and
settled into a steady drone.
“Let's get going.” Miller said and
•o we did. ,
Miller took his place at the stick, i
waved the mechanic a wav, taxieu out •
across the soggy field and’took off just ;
as the last pale ghosts of the day '
pulled in their heads over the Western
horizon. Only a moment and the plane
was up at cloud level, less than 2 000
feet. The lights of the National Cap
ltal gleamed and w-ashed the low clouds
with a lemon-colored glow. Sheet
lightning lit a ruddy fire in a cavern
•bf. the clouds off under the left wing,
we headed off toward Balitmore.
. First 10 Miles Out.
Immediately the first beacon north i
M Washington, 10 miles irorn Bolling i
Field appeared. Its red marker light I
bunked “dash-dot-dash." the code for
Its numbered place on the airway
These beacons on the coastal route are
numbered north from Atlanta, Ga
They are 10 miles apart and are num- !
bered from 1 to 10. starting over again
each 100 miles. The red blinker con- j
tinued to flash its code message over i
and over, a steady little beam of light I
pointed a steady flnger»long the airway 1
and above all the beam of the rotating I
beacon swung a ceaseless treadmill i
march under the clouds Though sev- i
eral million candle lights are concen- i
trated in that narrow beam it often is !
impossible to see the beam itself, only j
Jur e< ? ® asl i of the “•** * s u
directly toward the plane. This b?a-
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GAS APPLIANCE H E APftUAKTE R.S
. BEACONS WHICH GUIDE NIGHT PLANES
One of the wind-driven flashing beacons to guide airmail planes after
dark. This one is located near Alexandria, Va. —Wide World Photo.
con is located on the edge of a golf
course at Landover, Md.
Beyond. 10 miles farther along the
line, blinked the next beacon, two red
dashes and above the sweeping gleam
lof the beacon. Looking back there
were two beacons, the landing field
beacon standing on St. Elizabeth's Hos
pital hill and marking Bolling Field,
and one below Alexandria. Va., near
the old King's Highway, on which
George Washington used to travel
| from Mount Vernon to Georgetown.
The beacon below Alexandria has
been the scene of tests by the airways
division to determine the performance
of a new wind generator to provide
; current for the lights in isolated areas
along the country’s airways.
The principal of the wind-driven
generator is not new. but in this case.
| for the first time, the current require
ments have been reduced to a point
within the capacity of the generato* - .
The wind generator keeps storage bat
teries charged and is expected to lower
the operation and maintenance cost
of lights far off the beaten paths. The
equipment installed there Is said to re
quire a change of lamps and the lubri
cation cf moving parts only once every
six months and water for the storage
battery but once a year.
Weather by Radio.
i There were four beacons In sight
ahead and behind, a distance of 30
miles in all. Beyond the Landover
beacon, which we now were approach
ing rapidly, was the beacon at Bowie,
Md. In a few moments the beacon at
Glenburnie was sighted.
The clouds were lower, and even at
1.800 feet a large white mass flowed
away below, between us and the
ground. Over Its edge the beacons
blinked and gleamed ahead. Mr. Miller
adjusted a pair of headphones over
his ears, and we. finding a similar pair
at each seat, did the same. A voice
was speaking amid the crackle of
“ —ceiling. 3,000 feet; visibility four
miles; temperature. 57; barometer, 29
point something or other ” the voice
said. It was the hourly weather re
port from Hadley Field. Newark. A
| few moments later another voice came
in with reports on the New York
; Cleveland line. We found that the
clouds ahead were low. less than 1.000
feet in places, and that showers were
reported in some localities.
Ahead the beacons beamed and
twinkled. Bowi? beacon was off below
the right wing under a mass of fluffy
cloud. The next beacon ahead had
no red marker light blinking. This
THE S TODAY STAR. WASHING TOY. D. C., JTOE S. 10:)0—PART ONE
showed that it marked.a landing field.
It was the airport beacon at Logan
Scattered lights on the ground glit
tered through openings in the low scud.
Some of the lights flickered and moved,
with tiny fans of dull glow ahead of
them. They were the headlights of
automobiles. A wedge of moving light,
followed by a whole string of lights
proved to be a Pennsylvania Railroad
train on the way from Baltimore to
Electric Flash Carries.
There was a vivid green flash on the
ground farther to the right. It lighted
the whole interior of the airplane cabin:
Startled momentarily, we looked and
saw another flash, like lightning. It
was the sparking of the trolley wheel
of Washington, Baltimore and Anna
polis electric train on its overhead wire.
We recalled that Col. Charles A. Lind
bergh, flying through a New Jersey fog,
had seen such lights penetrating the
mist where all others failed; the re
sult, a new type of fog-penetrating bea
con light for marking airports.
The lights of Baltimore by now were
spread out along a large section of the
horizon ahead. Two beacons flashed
from the tops of buildings in the down
town section of the city. A long plume
of smoke from an industrial plant was
pointed by the flare of street lights.
The boundary lights of Logan Field,
with red obstruction lights outside their
border marking power lines, chimneys
and other danger points, stood out to
the right. Beyond Baltimore showed
the 10-mile beacon at Middle River and
still further ahead the light at Edge
The clouds appeared to be settling
steadily and trailed their filmy skirts
to within a few hundred feet of the
ground. A solid mass of cloud ap
peared below, blotting out all trace of
the ground beneath. Over the shoul
der of this cloud gleamed the long bank
of light which was Baltimore. Over Its
other shoulder twinkled the beacon at
Edgewood and on beyond the one at
Aberdeen Proving Ground.
Turn Back From Clouds.
The radio brought further reports of
clouds closing in ahead. The scud
thickened below and off under either
wing were the foundations of the clouds
built up high overhead. Aberdeen slip
ped by and the lights of Havre de Grace
came up through the clouds. The plane
swung out over the Susquehanna River,
banking in a long turn to the left.
Under the raised right wing the clouds
were banked thick. No beacons gleamed
through their masses. We headed back
Passing over a little Summer eottage
colony a few miles out of Baltimore,
now- flying quite low, we were picked up
by a motor boat searchlight, which sil
vered the wings and flooded the cabin
with light. We slid smoothly beyond
its range a moment later and were
over Baltimore Harbor, with the run
ning lights of ships shining in the
Ahead the beacons beckoned us on
to Logan Field. Once more the boun
ary and obstruction lights appeared
below and then, as we passed overhead,
the whole field broke Into light as a
great floodlight spread a warm and
cheerv glow over the landing area and
smaller lights bathed the hangars. It
was a heart-warming sight; friendly
and inviting. .
We left Logan behind and after a few
moments the great glowing lights went
out leaving us heeding out over the
darkened countryside, where occasional
lights marked farm houses of high
ways. Ahead there appeared a row of
four green lights, w r hlch Miller In
formed us were block signals along the
electric railroad line. 1 Glenburnie and
Bowie beacons appeared.
Ahead the clouds were dropping
lower and lower. We were down to a
few hundred feet and still the trailers
fiom the ’ cloud masses just above
streamed away below. One of the bea
cons blinked Its last as it became
shrouded in white. A mist pemed to
rise from the ground to join the- mist
which dropped from above. Between
the clouds, however, the air was clear
and the lights gleamed brightly. The
lights of Washington, however, disap
peared to the west in a bank of mist..
Clouds Low Over Washington.
Hvattsvtlle and Riverdale were below
and to the right. Soon the Eastern
Branch could be seen In the reflected
glow of the city lights from the low
hanging clouds. The Capitol, bathed
in floodlights and with a beacon shin
ing above its dome, was hard by un
der the right wing. The clouds were
heaw and almost to the ground oyer
Mount Pleasant and the row of hills
stretching away to Wisconsin avenue.
We came low over Potomac Park, on
a level with the top of the Washing
ton Monument, now shrouded in cloud.
The searchlight from the Powhatan
Hotel, turned on the Monument potnt,
burned dim through the mist. There
were many shadows of the Monument
cast on the cloud filaments, each larger
and more ghostly than the one pre
ceding. . , '
Flving up the Potomac at 400 feet,
we finally were barely able to make
out the great revolving beacon on top
of Wardman Park Hotel, with its fixed
pencil of light pointing the direction
to Bolling Field. Both beacon and
marker were shrouded in clouds. An
easv swing to the left brought us back
to Bolling Field, where the landing
floodlights came on and the lighted
“wind-T” shone brightly. Miller set
the wheels down lightly as a feather.
It had been demonstrated that a light
house In the middle of a farm Is not
so Inappropriate as it might seem; that
it la. in fact, one of the great neces
sities of the day in which we live.
DRY EVIDENCE TURNS OUT
TO BE FLAVORED WATER
Proaecutor Withdraws Charge at
Trial After Whiffs Are Found
to Be Deceptive.
By the Associated Press.
DALLAS. June 7.—E. Crippen. as
sistant United State* district attorney,
today discovered "first hand” that
things are not always what they seem.
With a quart of colorless fluid which
smelled like w-hlsky as evidence, Crip
pen was trying to convict Monroe Har
ris on a possession charge.
The defendant insisted the evidence
was not’ whisky. The fruit jar was
passed among the Jurors and each took
a ‘'whiff." The unanimous verdict was
that It smelled like whisky.
It then was returned to the prosecu
tor. who took a taste.
“Your honor, the defendant is cor
rect.” he told the judge. “It Is just
water with a whisky flavor. I ask that
the case be dismissed.”
His request was granted.
Citizent’ Meeting Po»tponed.
FALLS CHURCH, Va., June 7 (Spe
cial).—President Frank Eastman has
decided to postpone the regular meeting
of the East Falls Church Citizens’ As
sociation until June 17, in order that
members of the association who would
be unable to be present next Tuesday
on account of the town election may
SUPPORT OF DRY
Club Women’s Convention
Adopts Resolution Favoring
By the Associated Press.
DENVER. June 7. —With bArely a
ripple of dissension, the General Fed
eration of Women’s Clubs today reaf
firmed its stand for rigid enforcement
of the prohibition laws and voted down
an amendment to the resolution which
would have deleted the word "sinister”
in describing the "influences seeking to
undermine the efficacy of the eighteenth
Eleven women out of a total delegate
registration of almost 800 voted against
the adoption of the resolution on a
standing poll of the convention, rep
resenting approximately 3.000,000 club
women of the United States and for
A move was initiated by Miss Flor
ence Dlbert of Johnstown, Pa., and
for the sole purpose of getting the ques
tion before the convention, she ex
plained. to strike out the word "sinis
ter,” was blocked by what appeared to
be a solid chorus of negative voices.
Introduction of a substitute resolu
tion for the one read initially Friday
Indorsing the principles of a bill now
before Congress, which would virtually
eliminate the Children’s Bureau (spon
sored by the federation) and transfer
its duties to the Public Health Service,
precipitated prolonged discussion, and
a fight is expected when the resolution
comes up again next Thursday, to which
date consideration was postponed today.
The substitute resolution is sponsored
by Mrs. Sadie Orr Dunbar of Portland,
Resolutions asking President Hoover
to appoint a commission to study the
problems of delinquent women and girls
in Alaska and prepare plans for deal
ing with them, ana a resolution urging
the speedy ratification of the London
Naval Treaty will come up Monday.
"State presidents’ night" occupied to
night’s program, with the memorial
service In the Park of the Red Rocks
In the mountains scheduled as the sole
Listening to radio programs while
traveling from Havre to Paris has made
a hit with railway passengers.
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Married Fifty Years
M 111 l
•:.-:'■v':mb- K 1
Observing their golden wedding anni
versary. Rabbi Moses A. Horwitz and
Mrs. Horwitz tonight will be tendered
a banquet at Jewish Community Center
by the Talmud Torah Congregation,
which Dr. Horwitz has served 20 years.
CHINESE IS KILLED
AS TONGS SIGN PACT
Police Believe Slaying Was
Private Affair Rival
Groups Pledge Peace.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. June 7.—Scarcely was
the ink dry on the peace treaty signed
| today between the Hip Song and On
j Leong tongs when another Chinese, the
i seventh to meet violent death in the
J last three days, was shot and killed in
his Harlem laundry tonight.
Tong officials failed to identify the
body as that of one of their members
and Police Commissioner Mulrooney
believed the killing might be an act of
j private vengeance.
The victim was Charles Wong. 25,
j who operated a laundry in West 124th
j street. Neighbors said they saw a Chi
nese wearing a brown suit and a straw
| hat run out of the laundry after the
! shooting. There were five bullets in
Summoned into conference by Dis-
I trict Attorney Crain and Police Com
missioner Mulrooney and warned that
| further outbreaks would lead to whole
sale deportations, the tong leaders
| agreed to end the disturbances, for
' which they blandly disclaimed re-
The leaders pledged themselves to
notify the tong headquarters- in other
I cities of the agreement.
For reasons generally impenetrable to
the Occidental mind, the warfare broke
; out Wednesday night in Chicago. Bos-
I ton and New York. One man was shot
I and killed here. The aim was not so
good in Chicago and Boston.
Thursday morning a hatchet man cut
down a rival tongsman in Newark.
' Early Friday morning a Brooklyn
laundryman was killed, and last night
i and early today three men were killed.
| one each in New York, Chicago and
Federal agents rounded up the leaders
| later in the day and reminded them of
a similar peace treaty they had signed
last Summer, then let them go.
POLICE HERE ON GUARD.
Reports of Strange Chinese in City
Start Tong War Rumors.
Police surveillance of “Chinatown”
was intensified yesterday following re
ports that a number of strange Chinese
had been noted in the downtown sec
tion. giving rise to “tong war" rumors.
Detectives visited a Ninth street res
taurant building where a number of the
strangers had been reported congregat
ing, but found no suspicious persons in
Superintendent of Police Pratt and
inspector Shelby have advised the police
to be on the alert for signs of trouble,
following news of shootings In other
cities, fleut. Edward J. Kelly, chief of
the homicide squad and “Chinese ex
pert" of the police department, was in
Chinatown until late Friday night con
ferring with leaders of the On Leong
and Hip Sing tongs here.
The Chinese residents themselves evi
denced no concern. Charlie Moy,
Charlie Soo and other leaders of the
On Leong group disclaimed any reason
to fear the tong war would reach this
city. Lew Toye. reputed leader of the
Hip Sings, was at work in his laundrv
yesterday afternoon when visited bv a
Star reporter. He had no definite in
formation to impart regarding the
rumors of an influx of Chinese
other cities, but said he had heard the
rumors and had instructed his secre
tary, Henry Law, to report the matter
to the police for investigation.
Toye said he favors the plan to de
port persons involved in the tong
“Send the leaders back to China
when they start trouble and the troubles
will end,” he declared.
COL. FIERRO LANDS
ON EMERGENCY FIELD
Mexican Aviator Says He Lost
Bearinps and Plans to Leave for
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. June 7.—C01. Roberto
Fierro. Mexican aviator, mad? a forced
landing on Barren Island, in Jamaie?
B&y, late today in his flight from Mont
gomery, Ala., to Roosevelt Field. H|
said he temporarily lost his bearings. -
He glided to a perfact landing o',
the emergency field of the New Yor*
City police air force. There was noth
ing the matter with the plane, and , h #
expected to take off soon for Rodse
velt Field,, where he was to be greeted.
A police plane piloted by Capt. Wal*
lander left the central police field at
Astoria, Long Island, to escort the
Mexican flyer to Roosevelt Field.
Col. Fierro plans a non-stop flight
to Mexico City from New York some
time next week. He left San Antonio,
Tex., yesterday for Montgomery.
Moneton. New Brunswick, will build
a large exhibition hall containing an
auditorium and banquet hall.
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