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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 08, 1930, Image 79

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Where Commander Byrd Will Fly Next
JJp the Amazon , Across the Sahara or Over Unsealed Mt. Everest May Go the Young
Admiral Who Has Conquered Both Poles and the Atlantic as the First Achievements
in His Ten- Year Program °f Aerial Exploration.
/N a few days Hear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, Jr., will have
landed again on United States soil, returning after an ah
sence of 20 months on the greatest adventure of his life.
Admiral Byrd is confronted by the saddest fate of any mod
em gentleman adventurer. At the youthful age of 41 he realizes he has
lived several lives, accomplished more than he could ever have hoped
and that now he has few places to go.
Admiral Byrd's friends are seriously asking each other the S
rhetorical question, “Where on earth—or in heaven—can Dick S'
Byrd go now?” S^
They expect no answer, for many of them believe i
there is none. The public is fickle; expeditions are i
appallingly expensive; there are left no spots S'
on the map of sufficient dramatic impor
tance to attract the funds necessary Bp
for further exploring on a wholesale I
acale. Each year a score of obscure
expeditions the held, to labor
mote comers earth; they .
endure unbelievable hard- S V
Bhips and spread a record 1
of tine scientific accom- yf | m
plishments.
But Admiral Byrd A
cannot new under
take a
obscure
slow geograph- Ib
pttm, W In \ ■
readv • n W nHyH
several duo in
ciub
» to public anti
climax to his spectacular
deeds of the past.
All airplane exploration flights are looked on
fn some quarters as fruitless. The airplane
moves so fast that careful observations are well ■;
nigh impcsoible, and that fact cannot be recoil
ciled with the fact that every science is ad- ■ ~
vanced by means of slow, painstakingly assein- r ISjs-H
bled details.
cannot be done by airplane, but it can .1 jw§S
be helped by airplane. Scientists spend KfeCr-ysM
months voyaging lonely seas, and then still
more montlis trekking to remote interiors be-
fore their work cati begin. By air they can be
landed with speed and ease within a few hours, ,*
left to carry on their researches, and at the
close of their investigations they can be re
turned to civilization |
Admiral Byrd, having carried Capt. Ashley *
C McKinley with him on his flights to the r
amih Pole and over Marie Byrd Land and the
Rockefeller Mountains, now has a thorough
appreciation of the ai plant 's map-making pas
aibilities.
Byrd and McKinley in flight took a continu-
oils series of pictures. These will be carefully
fitted together to make a pictorial map of the
country over which they flew. BBB&BhBBS
There are countless areas over the world, not
only in the Sahara and Central Asia, but in the
Unued States, which still need mapping. Such
work however, calls for a conceited and sys- gay
tematic program of work, with the co-operation IB&SBBBhmSH
of many men over long periods of years. Could i'g^L~jji£ap«ppip
Admiral Byrd finance such a program without
publicity of the highest order? It is doubtful.
Bvrd would have to choose something spec
tacilar under the cloak of which to carry on
his scientific program. aB
in 1926, when Byrd sailed to London
from Spitsbergen after hLs successful flight
over the North Pole, he announced that he ' .^g-agglß
intended to devote the next 10 years to explora- ■ 1 i
tion He said that he contemplated further ■"
explorations in the polar basin, for he feels •
certain there is land above Etah, Greenland,
south of the route pursued by Amundsen in tlie
Norge. V
A year later he stood in Paris, fresh from hLs
successful crossing of the North Atlantic by air,
and again he spoke of his hopes and ambitions.
First he should like, he said, to make a flight
over the South Pole. Then he hoped for an
serial voyage over the wide and trackless for
ests of Brazil. Then, perhaps, a good-will flight
around South America, to be followed by an JSSBI
expedition into Arabia.
The airplane has helped Byrd achieve hU
ambitions. At the same time, however, the air
plane has been impartially helping other men
to fly in remote regions. KH
Byrd would not be the first to fly over the
Brazilian jungles. A number of brave men
have soared above the “green inferno,” as the
natives call it. There Walter Hinton made
his reputation. Then came the gallant Italian,
Col. Francesco de Pinedo, in his aerial voyage
that reached six continents.
And yet in the Brazilian jungles Byrd might
find some scientifically important and yet sur
prisingly dramatic problems. A few Brazilian
expeditions have fought their way along the
few land and water trails through the jungles
of Amazonas and Matto Grosso. H
But no man will know the wonders hidden
by those monstrous forests until scientists have
circled like hawks in the air, seeking with tele
scopic eye their prey below, charted their in
teresting finds and planned from their lofty
vantage the easiest way through the tangled
vegetal ion of the jungle itself. ■
THE SUNDAY STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C, JUNE 8. 1930.
(Explurrr mul Si'ii’ntisl.)
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I If gs ing his 20-numth stay
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B|w| I : ' I fgff wait ini' when
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■ jßpßßßtfi/i j -Sm traitnit.
ULfHAT Ls there to seek? What might th«
™ Brazilian forests possibly hide?
Admiral Byrd might locate some vast vul
canic plug comparable to Conan Doyle’s Lost
World. He might sight isolated South American
mountains, rising from the level lands of the
forest like the Kivu Volcanoes of Central
Africa, the only place in the world where iuaa
may still find the monstrous woolly gorilla.
Byrd has heard the legends of lost races of
men in the interior of Brazil. The South
American Indians told the first Portuguese and
. Spaniards who landed in the New World that
once men with white skins had cities of gold
in the jungles. The Aztecs of Mexico told Cor
tez of the “white god” with the long golden
beard that no Indian can grow. Marsh, who
brought several white Indians from Panama,
has sought a lost race in Venezuela, Colombia
and the Guianas. Perhaps Byrd might sight a
village of survivors, cut off from the world by
- vast reaches of rubber trees, mahogany, trea
ferns and lianas hitherto impassable.
A similar condition exists in ancient Arabia.
Admiral Byrd could not be the first to fly
across those burning sands. During the last
seven years many British flyers have passed
there, bound for Persia, India, Siam and Aus
tralia.
SCARCELY 100 miles south of Jerusalem la
the lost city of Petra, to which explorers
have gone by camel caravan. Petra lies insido
a hidden canyon, reached through a crack in
the rock mountain. Petra is a page in the
ancient history of the world. Other pages tell
of ancient abandoned cities in the vast deserts
of Southern Arabia, over which no airplanes
have flown.
Vast expeditions have worked for two decades
and more in Yucatan, uncovering and recon
structing Maya ruins. A fleeting trip by air, a
few hours over untrod jungles, and the Lind
bergh-Kidder-Rickertson party located many
new ruins, each of which may prove another
marvelous city like Chichen-Itza.
Similar flights of reconnaissance over South
ern Arabia may bring to light such ruins in the
Old World of even more importance to the
archeologist. Byrd may even consider remote
Burma or Tibet or the unknown interior of
China. He may co-operate with Dr. Roy Chap
man Andrews and help locate beds of fossil
dinosaurs and extinct mammals in the Gobi
Desert.
As far as spectacular flights are concerned,
their day of first importance has passed. The
United States Army flyers made it around the
world in 1924, following the land masses of the
north, proving the endurance of motors and
planes and the accuracy of navigating instru
ments.
Maj. H. A. Dargue and seven other United
States Army flyers have already circled South
America on a good-will tour. The French have
circled Europe; the British, Africa and Aus
tralia. Asia has been crossed in the north and
south. Capt. Charles Kingsford-Smith and his
crew flew from the United States to Australia.
Maitland and Hegenberger of the United
States Army made a non-stop flight in 1927
frym California to Honolulu, and four others
successfully repeated the feat during the tragic
Dole air races.
Two airplane expeditions have even pene
trated into the last mysterious wild country,
the interior of New Guinea. One was led by
Dr. M. W. Stirling of the United States National
Museum, the other by Dr. D. W. Brandes,
United States Department of Agriculture.
But there still remains a huge unexplored
area in Antarctica larger than the whole United
States. Antarctica itself Is mapped on guess
work, for it may consist of several pieces. Thou
sands of miles of its shore line have never been
seen, and hence require mapping.
Also, there is still possible land in the Arctic,
and Admiral Byrd has expressed a wish to r©»
turn there and search north of Greenland and
northwest of Alaska.
But with regular airmail routes spreading
like spider webs over the maps of North and
South America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Aua*
tralia. it Is indeed a sad outlook for the aviator*
explorer who seeks thrills, who wishes to bo
first on new land.
DEPORE the polar veteran Capt. Roald
Amundsen made his transpolar dirigiblo
flight he was asked if there would be any
more thrills left him after he had successfully
conquered both poles.
“None, probably, but marriage,” said tho
gray-haired Viking.
Two years later Amundsen went to his death
a hero, in an effort to rescue Gen. Nobile and
the crew of the dirigible Italia. He was stMl
a bachelor, and had been denied the one great
thrill that remained to him.
Admiral Byrd, having also conquered both
poles, has had that third thrill for 15 years. In
1915 he married the beautiful Marie D. Ames of
Winchester, Va., and Boston. She was hi*
childhood playmate, and it was in personal
tribute to her bravery and high sportsmanship
that he named Marie Byrd Land in Antarctica,
Mrs. Byrd and the four children are hoping
the admiral will find no more lands worth ex
ploring, at least for a while. He is a great fel
low to have for a father, and they miss him.
Incidentally, Admiral Byrd has announced
that after six weeks of engagements, of paying
hi« respects to President Hoover, the War anot
'2' > . . «. » .
"Continued on Twenty-first Page
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