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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 26, 1930, Image 1

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(IT. 8. Westher Bureau Foreeait.)
Rain this afternoon and tonight; to
morrow cloudy and slightly colder; mini
mum temperature tonight about 33 de
grees. Temperatures—Highest, 40, at 3
pjn. yesterday; lowest, 34, at 12:30 a.m.
today. Full report on page B-5.
Closing N.Y. Markets, Pages 13,14 &15
vr Q1 (irtn Entered as second class matter
JNO. OJ.,DJU. p OS t office. Washington. D. C.
Prof. John Dewey’s Appeal
Rouses Little Progressive
Prospect Stronger He Will Be Kept
on G. 0. P Committee, With
Another Chairman.
Prof. John Dewey’s plan for a third
political party with Senator George W.
Norris of Nebraska as its leader met a
cold reception in Washington today.
Progressive Republican Senators
stand by Mr. Norris in his Senate fights'
do not think much of the idea at
Senator Norris himself, when found
at the Capitol today, laughingly said in
reply to a question as to whether he
would accept the invitation of Prof.
John Dewey, former professor at Co
lumbia University, to head a new politi
cal party:
“I do not suppose any one seriously
thinks I will.”
The Nebraska Senator added that he
might have something to say later
today regarding his reply to Prof.
Dewey. Senator Norris’ attitude was
interpreted as unfavorable to any at
tempt to set up a new party with him
self as the leader. However, he may
undertake to say some sharp things
about the present leadership of the
Republican party.
Overshadows Lucas Row.
The demand of Prof. Dewey for a
new liberal party for a moment over
shadowed the contest which has arisen
in Republican ranks over the retention
of Robert H. Lucas of Kentucky as
executive director of the Republican
National Committee. But only for a
moment. The Lucas matter simply
simmers. If Mr. Lucas is kept on the
job the flames threaten to break out
anew. There seemed to be today a
strong prospect of Mr. Lucas being re
tained, with a definite defiance of Sena
tor Norris, whose defeat Mr. Lucas
sought to bring about at the polls last
November. . .
President Hoover, however, is being
importuned to revamp the Republican
National Committee. Senator Fess of
Ohio, the present national chairman,
for some time has been desirous of get
ting out of the chairmanship. He took
the office after the Claudius Huston in
cident to aid in a difficult situation.
Mulvsne Is Favored.
The President has been advised to
pick as the next national chairman
David J. Mulvane of Kansas, who for
many years has been a member of the
Republican National Committee from
the Sunflower State. The selection of
Mr. Mulvane, who at one time served
as Assistant Secretary of Commerce
under Mr. Hoover, it is insisted, would
be a wise move politically. Mr. Mul
vane is widely known to the leaders
of the Republican party and it is said
would be able to reconcile some of the
differences which have arisen in the
party in recent months.
Mr Mulvane is not the only one,
however, who has been sugested to the
President to lead the National Com
mittee. Another is Ambassador Charles
G. Dawes, former Vice President during
the Coolidge administration. Several
Republican members of the Senate have
conceived the idea that it would be a
ten-strike to bring Mr. Dawes back to
this country from London to take the
Job of running the Republican National
Committee. .
In the meantime Ray Benjamin of
California, who ran Senator Shortridge’s
campaign, is in Washington and is also
being urged upon the President as the
proper selection for chairman of the
Republican National Committee. Some
of Mr. Benjamins friends go so far as
to Insist that Benjamin has already
been picked for the place.
Senator Smith W. Brookhart of lowa
of the Republican progressive group in
the Senate was asked today what he
thought of Prof. Dewey’s plan for a
third political party. Senator Brook
hart said:
“When a new political party, with
liberal leanings, is formed it will be
because of an uprising of the people,
not because of what any leaders may
do. Not even Theodore Roosevelt with
his strong personality was able to bring
about the permanent organization of
a new political party.
“However, if agricuture is constantly
driven back when it strives to obtain
equality with industry; if labor is
ground down with ‘yellow dog' con
tracts, if little business and small
banks continue to be destroyed by big
combinations, chain stores and chain
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2.)
Engineer of Building in Factory
District Victim —Several Hurt.
BALTIMORE, Md„ December 26
(Ip)— One man lost his life, several
others were injured and 60 employes in
a building in the manufacturing district
were forced to flee today when fire
spread through the structure.
The body of Paul Gross, building en
gineer, was lound in the basement after
the flames had been controlled.
Salvation Army Workers to Aid Mayflower by Distributing
Cards for Meals.
A canteen for the feeding of hungry
members of the army of the unem
ployed was opened today by the May
flower Hotel In a garage in the rear of
1709 L street.
Daniel J. O’Brien, managing director
of the hotel, announced all unemployed
men In actual want would be given a
hot and wholesome lunch daily. Cards
* entitling the men to meals will be dis
tributed daily by Charles H. Dodd and
Gilbert 8. Decker, Salvation Army en
signs, from the organisation’s head
quarters, 426 Sixth street. This method
\was adopted to prevent unworthy In
dividuals from gaining an advantage
over those In actual want.
"We will continue these meals as long
Speed, Capacity and Travel Increased Dur
ing Phenomenal Four or Five Years,
Famous Aviator Asfeerts.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, December 26.—Aviation
has come a long way since a young fel
low from Missouri took off from Roose
velt Field four years ago next May and
flew to Paris, Col. Charles A. Lindbergh
The world’s best known flyer talked
today of aviation as it was five years ,
ago and as it is now; of low' wings and
high wings; of engines and speed and
radio—topics that are the very breath
of life to him.
He said this:
“We have had more progress in the
development of aircraft in the last five
years than could have been foreseen at
that time.
“In 1925 a good cruising speed was
90 miles an hour. Today we have
planes of the same class with cruising
speeds as high as 140 miles an hour.
The airmail de Havilands we used In
1925 had a carrying capacity of about
400 pounds. Planes today of the same
horsepower cruise at least 20 miles an
hour faster and carry from three to
four times that load.
“The same with the business or sport
plane flown by the non-professional
pilot. It is more stable, It is easier to
IN U. S. PASS 200
More Than Two-Thirds Are
Caused by Traffic —Ten
Killed in Maryland.
By the Associated Press.
Two hundred or more deaths marred
Christmas joy yesterday as accidents
took a heavy toll from coast to coast.
Fires, drownings, hunting tragedies
and poisonous liquor cost lives, but au
tomobiles, running in many sections on
slippery roads, were the greatest agent
of destruction, causing more than two
thirds of the deaths.
In the Middle West about 80 of the
fatalities were recorded. Flames trap
ped lodgers In a rooming house at
Whiting, Ind., and seven men died.
Gun fights claimed five lives In the
South; one victim was a woman.
Poison liquor claimed between five
and ten lives in New York. In Cali
fornia three were believed to have
drowned when a launch capsized. In
Missouri two died when a bridge col
lapsed. Two children were fatally
burned In Montgomery, Pa., when their
father poured gasoline on the kitchen
Are. A man froze to death in Indiana
and another in Pennsylvania.
Hundreds were Injured In accidents.
Ten Deaths in Maryland.
Ten persons were killed in accidents
in Maryland and many injured. Auto
mobiles caused seven fatalities; two
men were drowned and one crushed In
a fall in a quarry. The trail of death
extended from the Eastern Shore across
the city and Into Frederick County, in
the central part of the State.
Christmas eve two men were found
fatally injured in the wreckage of their
automobile In Baltimore County. A
few minutes later a colored person run
ning from a street car was hit by an
automobile windbreaker and decapi-,
tated. A 6-year-old boy, riding In a
wagon brought by Santa Claus, was hit
by a car and instantly killed.
• The two drowned were approaching a
ducking blind as their boat was swamp
ed by large waves.
Accidents in which 13 persons were
killed or fatally injured marred Yuletide
rejoicing in the Southwest.
Automobiles figured in 11 of the
deaths, fire in 2.
Woman Dies of Burns.
Mrs. D. W. Bennett, 29, of Dallas,
Tex., died from bums suffered when
her husband, also injured, tried to start
a fire with coal oil. In a similar Are
at Eldorado, Mrs. B. A. Whitten was
fatally burned. Three of her family
were burned.
Run down by automobiles and killed
were Robert E. Blechele of Kansas City,
father ofJLO. on his way to bring home
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
Colored Man Then Flees From
Scene of Accident —Victim
Dies in Hospital.
By the Associated Press.
RICHMOND, VA., December 26.
An unidentified colored man, truck
driver, held off a crowd with a drawn
revolver and made his escape today
after he had run into and fatally in
jured Charles Douglas Gentry, 54-year
old city employe. „
The driver climbed out of the truck
after striking Gentry. Police said he
was apparently frightened by a crowd
that quickly gathered, and, drawing
the pistol, ordered spectators to stand
aside while he withdrew and fled. The
truck was left in the street.
Gentry died at a hospital a short
time after the accident. Hospital at
tendants said Dr. S. J. Baker, coroner,
would hold an Inquest later today.
as there appears to be any prevalence
of hunger,” O’Brien said. “The Salva
tion Army has estimated there are only
about 100 cases a day in real need of
food. These represent the men who will
work but who can find nothing to do.
“We have set no time limits on the
duration of this feeding, realizing that
it Is an emergency situation. If the
demand becomes larger than we can
handle I shall ask the other large hotels
of Washington to set up similar can
Under the plan, a large meal will be
served from 11:30 a.m. until 12:30
daily. O'Brien said this hour was
chosen in order that the men without
work might be given streruth to search
for employment in the aftrnnoons.
-** al .-•■--I:--.,-.. •
W)t %uvi\m |to.
operate and it is much siiqpler to learn
how to fly one. The cost of operation
of a privately owned plane today Is
only a fraction of the cost of a few
years back.
“The small, private plane of 85 to 100
miles an hour cruising speed can be op
erated today at practically the same
t cost as a medium-priced automobile.
“For example. Let’s take a 100-
horsepower plane. It sells for $3,000
to $5,000. You can get from 10 to 15
miles on a gallon of gas; that’s with a
pilot and two passengers. After 300 or
400 hours —which is about 25,000 to
30,000 miles—it will need an overhaul.
Afterward it is ready for another 300
or 400 hours, and tie total life of a
good plane is 2,000 hours or more,
which is 170,000 miles of flying.”
Passenger air travel is increasing—in
1930 it was substantially greater than
in 1929 —and in many places it is be
coming a part of everyday life, Col.
Lindbergh said.
Most of the airlines of the United
States are unable to operate without
loss on passenger revenue alone, he
continued, and it seems that for some
time to come atJeast mail and express
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
Taxicab Dfiver Called for
Missing Woman With a
“Mr. Cox.”
A lead which is expected to prove
vital to police In their search for Mrs.
Katherine E. Trower, 41 years old,
former narcotic Investigator and one
time matron at the District Jail, who
has been missing from her home at
3310 Twenty-second street northeast
since early yesterday, was uncovered
this afternoon.
A taxicab driver, who read newspaper
accounts of Mrs. Trower’s disappearance
from home, told detectives at head
quarters shortly after noon that he had
been hailed by a man In Georgetown
about 1 o’clock yesterday morning and
was ordered to drive to the Twenty
second street address.
"Mr. Cox From Headquarters.”
Arriving there, the driver said, he was
told to go to the door and inform Mrs.
Trower that “Mr. Cox from headquar
ters’* was waiting outside to see her.
He aaid he carried out his Instructions
and the woman, clad only in bed room
slippers, a gown and a robe. Joined his
passenger in the taxi a few moments
The hacker told detectives he drove
the couple out the Baltimore pike near
ly to Hyattsville and was then told to
return to an address In the 200 block
of C street, where he waited for nearly
10 minutes while the man called at the
home of a friend and borrowed the
money to pay the fare.
The woman, who had been waiting
in the cab, then joined her companion
and they entered the house together.
A detective was sent to the C street
address this afternoon to question oc
cupants of the home regarding the taxi
driver’s story.
Mother Fears Kidnaping.
Mrs. Mary E. Mitchell, her mother,
fears that one of those her daughter
has helped send to Jail may have kid
naped the woman to obtain revenge.
An investigation disclosed that neither
Lieut. Clement Cox nor Sergt. Richard
J. Cox, the only two officers of that
name stationed at headquarters, had
called for Mrs. Trower.
Mrs. Mitchell says that her daughter
told her last week of seeing a man
whom she helped to convict on a robbery
charge several years ago. Mrs. Trower
is said to have told her mother the man
recognized her and eyed her strangely.
Mrs. Mitchell believes this man might
have something to do with her daugh
ter’s disappearance.
Mrs. Trower has been unemployed for
several months.
of Spanish Authors Hit.
Dean Doyle of G. W. IT. Pre
sides at Boston Meeting.
By the Associated Press. •
BOSTON, December 26. —The list of
60 novels selected last Summer by
Prof. H. E. Lamont of Rutgers as the
world’s literary masterpieces was at
tacked today by speakers at the meet
ing of the American Association of
Teachers of Spanish. Prof. Lamont
failed to include the work of any Span
ish author in his list.
About 200 delegates are attending the
annual convention of the association.
Dean Henry Grattan Doyle of George
Washington University, president of
the association, presided. Other speak
ers were Profs. C. E. Kaney of the
University of Michigan, C. P. Wagner
; of the University of California, Esther
J. Cooks of Goucher College and John
D Fitzgerald of the University of
Drought Blamed for Failure of
Three Institutions.
TOPEKA. December 26 (A 3 ). —Closing
of three small banks In Southeastern
Kansas with deposits aggregating
$274,000 was announced today by H. W.
Koeneke, State bank commissioner. He
attributed the closings to last Sum
mer’s drought and Inability of the In
stitutions to realize on their farm
The banks are all In Allen County.
They are, the Mildred State Bank,
Mildred; the People’s State Bank,
Moran, and the State Bank of Elsmore,
Elsmore. #
PEIPING, China. December 26 UP).
—The apostolic delegation here has
been Informed that four foreign priests
and five nuns of a party captured by
Chinese Communists last October have
been released.
At the time of the capture it was
i reported that the Italian Catholic bish
op, Mgr. Mignanl, six priests and ten
nuns were In the hands of the Reds.
Later the bishop and one of the priests
were released to arrange ransom.
Keyes Predicts Purchase of
Squares on Capitol Hill
, for Improvements.
Senator Believes Some Congress
Members Consider Time Kipe
to Negotiate Deal.
Purchase by the Government of the
area bounded by Maryland avenue, D
street, First and Second streets north
east, including the Methodist Building,
was predicted today by Senator Keyes
of New Hampshire, chairman of the
Senate Public Buildings and Grounds
Committee, as a step in rounding out
the Federal improvements program sur
rounding the Capitol.
Additional legislation would be neces
sary to authorize the inclusion of this
area in the program, and a bill on the
subject has not yet been introduced.
Senator Keyes expressed the belief that
sooner or later the Government will
acquire these squares and he indicated
some members of Congress feel this is
an opportune time.
Would Be Used Partly for Park.
The Senate chairman said this ground
could be used partly for open park
space and partly for some Government
building. He said he thought that if
it is decided to place a Government
building in this section it probably
would go on the square just east of
the Senate Office Building, between B
and C streets. This would leave the
triangle in which the Methodist Build
ing is located as a park area, Senator
Keyes said, pointing out that it is
adjacent to the site for the United
States Supreme Court Building. The
other square, from C to D streets, also
probably would be left open to round
out the plaza development extending to
Union Station.
Senator Keyes pointed out that in
extending the Capitol grounds to Union
Station the double car tracks are to
be moved from Delaware avenue to
First street northeast, between Union
Station and B street, and that the
acquisition of the squares referred to
along First street would make it pos
sible to widen that street in view of
the placing of two car tracks in the
center of it.
Decided to Delay Action.
The New Hampshire Senator said the
taking of the triangle between Mary
land avenue and B street, First and
Second, was discussed when the site
for the Supreme Court Building was
being selected, but it was decided to
postpone consideration of its acquisition
at that time.
Discussing the public building pro
gram generally, Senator Keyes said there
is no need for additional authorizations
for new buildings, in view of the amounts
already authorized, for the time being,
but he expressed the hope that Congress
would pass at this session the Keyes-
Elliott bill to speed up construction by
enabling the Treasury Department to
shorten the procedure in preparing
plans, making ground tests on sites and
in awarding contracts. The bill would
not require additional appropriation,
but would enable the Treasury Depart
ment to take shorter cuts in getting
buildings under actual construction.
Gov. Pollard Says Only Lawbreak
ers May Be Subject
to Evictions.
By the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE, Md„ December 26.
Assurance that no more textile strikers’
families at Danville, Va., would be
evicted for non-payment of rent, except
i those implicated in lawbreaking, has
been received from Gov. John Garland
Pollard. Miss Elisabeth Gilman, relief
worker here, said today.
Miss Gilman wrote to Gov. Pollard
recalling that Gov. Albert C. Ritchie
halted the eviction of Western Maryland
coal miners in a 1924 strike.
“I have been assured that there will
be no more evictions at this time ex
cept of those guilty of unlawful acts,"
Gov. Pollard wrote. Miss Gilman, the
daughter of the first president of Johns
Hopkins University, was Socialist nom
inee for Governor in November. She
recalled to Gov. Pollard that Gov.
Ritchie declined to send troops to the
coal strike area in 1923, despite a rec
ommendation to this effect by President
Aviatora Report Freezing Rain
Moving This Way Between
Spartanburg and Atlanta.
Although aviators reported sleet in
the South was moving toward Wash
ington, Weather Bureau forecasters pre
dicted today that it would not be cold
enough for such conditions to prevail
here tonight.
Airmail pilots on the Eastern Air
Transport line passing through the Na
tional Capital reported a freezing rain
between Spartanburg, S. C„ and At
lanta, Ga. The rain, freezing on contact
with every object it touched, was sheath
ing trees and ground in ice. they said.
All scheduled airmail flights were
completed, however, except the last
southbound trip this morning which
ended at Spartanburg when ice began
forming on the plane in dangerous
quantities. The mail was sent by train
from that point south.
RICHMOND. Va., December
M. E. Bristow, State commissioner of
insurance and banking, announced to
day that the State Bank of Pamplln,
in Appomattox County, had suspended
business pending a meeting of its de
positors tomorrow.
Radio Program* m Page B-ll
1 " " " ... r t
Engineer Commissioner Plans
Conference on Objections
to Proposed Law.
Befqre taking any further steps look
ing to approval of the pending legisla
tion for the control and regulation of
outdoor advertising signs in the District,
Maj. John C. Ootwals, Engineer Com
missioner, said today he wished to con
fer with Frederic A. Delano, president
of the American Civic Association and
chairman also of the National Capital
Park and Planning Commission.
Maj. Gotwals previously had given
his own approval to the redrafted form
of the bill which passed the Senate at
the last session of Congress. He believed
it represented the best restrictive leg
islation obtainable under existing con
ditions. Simultaneously with his fa
vorable recommendation to the Board of
Commissioners, however, there came a
letter from Mr. Delano setting forth ob
jections to certain features of the bill, i
The Commissioners, all of them heartily
in favor of restricting the indiscrimi
nate use of advertising signs and bill
boards, deferred approval of the pro
posed amendments until they had an
opportunity to go Into the matter more
Voiced .Two Objections.
Maj. Gotwals explained that his own
position was unchanged and he hoped
to be able to persuade Mr. Delano that
the objections he had pointed out are
matters which should occasion no feel
ing of apprehension. Mr. Delano, whose
American Civic Association is sponsor
ing the anti-billboard campaign in the
metropolitan area of Washington, had
stressed two pertinent matters in con
nection with the proposed legislation.
The first of these, he said, was the
power given the Commissioners to keep
existing billboards in a state of repair
which would prolong their maintenance
Next, in the way of objections, was
the omission of an amendment to pro
vide for public hearings on regula
tions. Such an amendment previously
had been proposed by Lieut. Col. U. S.
Grant, 3d, director of the Office of
Public Buildings and Grounds in the
National Capital, and - officers of the
American Civic Association.
Mr. Delano felt some apprehension,
he informed Dr. Luther H. Relchelder
fer, president of the Board of Commis
sioners, that any provision in the bill
permitting billboards to be kept in a
state of repair would be a distinct
step backwards.” , . . ..
Maj. Gotwals, however, looks at it
(Continued on Page 2, Column 3.)
Arrest of Immigration Worker on
Mexican Border Follows
Auto Crash.
By the Associated Press.
INDIO, Calif., December 26.—Fred
erick Schnell, a Federal immigration of
ficer, was In jail here today, charged
with Smuggling aliens into the United
States over the Mexican border.
Schnell’s arrest followed an accident
yesterday in which his machine was
wrecked and one Chinese fatally in
jured. The car crashed into a bridge
guard rail in turning out for another
machine driven by R. W. Little, deputy
collector of internal revenue.
Little, according to Francis A.
Koehler, police chief, found Schnell In
uniform near the wreckage of his car
and four Chinese hiding » nearby.
Schnell admitted, Koehler said, thht he
was smuggling the aliens Into this
Fletcher Amhardt of Los Angeles,
riding with Schnell and the Chinese,
also was arrested.
Orphan’s Life Saved Through Olft
for Transfusion.
CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., December
26 (JP). — A l6 -year-old homeless orphan,
Edgar Chapman, lived today because of
the Christmas gift of a pint of a
stranger’s blood.
I It came in answer to a radio appeal
after physicians decided that a blood
tamsfusion alone could save his life
from the effects of a difficult operation.
Hundreds answered, men and women,
old and young; scores were tested and
finally the blood of E. D. Milligan, 20-
year-old resident of Chicago, was found
Milligan was here spending the holi
days with his parents.
Gold Nuggets Used
As Marbles by Boys
Near Bandit’s Home
By the Associated Press.
HOLLISTER. Mo., December
26. — Schoolboys near here have
been playing marbles with gold
■ nuggets. Authorities believe the
nuggets were found near the
home of Jake Fleagle, Western
bandit, who was shot to death at
Brandon, Mo., several months
The boys refused to divulge the
location of their cache. Clyde
Chapman, a railroad station
agent here, said his son was one
of those who found the nuggets.
A test proved the nuggets were
At the time Fleagle was killed by
officers there was much specula
tion here as to a cache in which
it was believed he had hidden loot
taken in a number of robberies.
Chapman said there was as
much as a double handful of the
nuggets in possession of the boys.
Commission Member Had Not
Expected Changes Until
After January 1.
Frank R. McNinch of North Caro
lina, member of the Power Commission,
expressed surprise today in a telegram
to friends in Washington, at the dis
missal of the commission employes,
Solicitor Charles A. Russell and Chief
Accountant William V. King. He said
he had an understanding there would be
no meeting of the commission before
King and Russell were dismissed aft
er a meeting of the commission attend
ed by Chairman Smith and Commis
sioners Garsaud and Draper.
In his telegram today McNinch said
he left Washington with the under
standing the commission would not or
ganize until after the first of the year
and expressed surprise that any move
had been made to ohange the personnel
of the commission’s staff in his ab
sence. The dismissal of King and Rus
sell was protected by the Progressive
faction in the Senate. Some members
of this group have threatened to seek
reconsideration of the confirmation of
Smith. Garsaud and Draper.
Frank E. Bonner, former executive
secretary, apparently is out of the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
Ten Persons Reported Saved When
Boat Capsizes Off Califor
nia Coast.
By the Associated Press.
SAUSALITO, Calif., December 26. —
Three men were believed to have
drowned here late last night when a
launch capsized, throwing its 13 occu
pants into the cold waters of Richard
sons Bay. Ten were rescued by a
ferry’s life boats.
The party was on its way from
Sausalito to the yacht Janidore, owned
by Isadore Zellerbach, San Francisco
capitalist. Sam Bowman, a member
of the Janidore’s crew, was the host.
All members of the party lived in
Sausalito. *
Auhtorities said the launch was over
Search was continued for the miss
ing, Ernest Rogers, a stevedore; A
Van Scoy, a cook, and a man known
only as “Bill.” Bowman was among the
Tupelo Institution Had Deposits of
About $1,700,000.
TUPELO, Miss., December 26 (/P). —
The People’s Bank & Trust Co. here
and two branches at Nettleton and
Rienzi, Miss., failed to open today and
directors called a meeting to consider
plans for reorganization.
The bank was capitalised at $200,000.
Its last statement showed a surplus of
about $75,000 and deposits of approxi
mately $1,700,000. The branches were '
8. J. High, the president, said con
tinued withdrawals and inability of the
bank to obtain further credit forced
the suspension. R
Pre»s to Homo
Within the Hour**
The Star'* carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
< as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 100,638
UP) Means Associated Press.
Association Against Prohibi
tion Amendment Also Ac
counts for Prison Increase.
By the Associated Press.
Upon the dry laws the Association
Against the Prohibition Amendment
today heaped the blame for all Federal
court congestion and for the entire
increase in the number of Federal
prisoners since 1920.
A statistical pamphlet released by the
association estimated the number of
prohibition prisoners now in Federal,
State and county penal Institutions at
50,000. It contended prison and peni
tentiary statistics did not give a meas
ure of the crime problem, for “only a
small proportion of those convicted are
given felony sentences.”
Two-Thirds of AD Casas.
It termed “an example of misinforma
tion” an assertion made last year by
President Hoover that only a small
proportion of felony cases could be
attributed to the eighteenth amendment,
for, it added, "88 per cent of the pro
hibition violators sentenced in Federal
courts are misdemeanants and not
“Prohibition cases now account for
two-thirds of all criminal cases in the
Federal courts,” said the association,
adding the total last year was 56,455.
The increase in civil cases, with the
United States participating, since 1920,
was set at 347 per cent, but excluding
prohibition actions the gain was counted
as only 117 per cent.
“From 90 to 95 per cent of all the
criminal convictions secured in prohibi
tion cases are on pleas of guilty,” said
the association; “from 8,000 to 10,000
pending prohibition cases a year have
been ‘nolle prossed,’ yet in spite of this
wholesale weeding out of inactive cases,
pending cases still number between
18,000 and 21,000. This brief summary
• * • Indicates that the whole process
is futile and costly.”
Estimate Costs.
The pamphlet presented an estimate
of the cost of “adequate prohibition
enforcement” totaling $100,000,000 a
year, with abolition of jury trials in all
dry law cases and $350,000,000 with Jury
“Apart from war-time cases, based on
the espionage act and selective draft as
well as prohibition,” it said, “the in
crease in normal criminal cases from
1920 to 1929 is shown to have been only
3.9 per cent—less than half the rate of
increase in the population of the United
Killing of Government Ranger and
Police Causes Punitive
By the Associated Press.
RANGOON, Burma, December 26.
British soldiers with machine guns
have been sent into the Tharawaddy
district, 65 miles north of here, where
more than a score have been killed in
tax-resistance rioting during the past
two days.
Considerable feeling throughout Bur
ma has been aroused by reports of the
murder of H. V. M. Fields Clark, a
forest ranger in the government serv
ice. He had returned from an inspec
tion tour to his lonely bungalow in the
village of Weya, the reports said, when
native rebels closed in and killed him.
Four police have been killed and sev
eral wounded in encounters with the
rebels whp thus far have eluded cap
ture by taking advantage of the wild
character of the country. A
Almost a Thousand Guests Invited to Function for Which
Whole Hotel Floor Is Reserved.
By the Associated Press.
Washington silk hats and ermine
wraps, jewels and diplomatic decora*
tions prepared today for a nlght-after-
Christmas event of rare proportions
even in the cosmopolitan capital.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry L. Doherty of
New York will present to society their
daughter, Miss Helen Lee Barnes Do
herty, at a ball stupendous in its size
and lavishness of arrangements.
Many New Yorkers are coming by
special trate and highest
offlcialdogr will join in the holiday fes
tivity far Miss Doherty. Vice-President
Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Everett
Gann and the Secretary of Vfer and
Mrs. Hferley head a guest list ngpgber
lng almost a thousand. HE
For the debut, Mr. and Mrs. Do%rty
have taken over the entire first Jlpor
of the Mayflower Hotel wfib its
Annual Report Favors Gaso
line Tax Raise for Park
Road Program.
Eerolving Fund Suggested to Aid
Transfer of Undesirable Proper
ties to Different Uses.
Establishment of a public-owned com
mercial airport, to be controlled by the
District government, on the slti now
occupied by Washington-Hoover Airport,
was recommended for the second time
by the National Capital Park and Plan
ning Commission in Its annual report,
submitted today to President Hoover.
This step was recommended as a solu
tion of a badly muddled airport situa
tion for the National Capital. Estab
lishment of an airport under Federal or
District control and at Federal or Dis
trict expense or with a division of own
ership and cost has been the subject
of controversy for several years. The
question of establishment on the pres
ent commercial airport site has been
complicated by legal difficulties over
ownership of lands on which the pres
ent commercial airport Is located.
Alley Dwelling Cleanup Urged.
The commission also recommended
elimination of Washington’s alley dwell
ings, an increase In the gasoline tax
to finance an enlarged program of park
road construction and solution of the
parking problem In the Federal public
building area by providing that the
public buildings In the Mall triangle
shall be “self-contained as to parking.”
Surveying activities for the fiscal year
ending last June 30, the commission,
which is headed by Frederic A. Delano,
made these recommendations:
The passage of the Capper-Zlhlman
bill, permitting the closing of streets
which have not yet been constructed,
although dedicated, when made neces
sary by changes In the highway plan, or
purchase of lands for parks, schools or
other public purposes. This legislation
is considered essential to the much need
ed revision of the present street plan,
and would effect large economies for the
The adoption by the Commissioners
of a thoroughfare plan to guide the de
velopment of major streets, paving and
street tree programs, pkvement widths
and strength of pavements.
Eevtokm a t Platting Begnlatfens.
Revision of the platting and subdi
vision regulations of the District to pro
vide co-ordination with thq soiling plan,
and to raise the standards governing
sizes of lots.
Further changes in the highway plan
In undeveloped areas, both where streets
are already dedicated and otherwise, to
provide longer blocks, better relation to
topography, and to secure consequent
savings in cost of development.
A program of street cuts In developed
portions of the city, providing for txt*
cution of such projects as
of jogs in Harvard street, extension of
Vermont avenue, elimination of the
Michigan avenue grade crossing ana
crossings over the terminal yards over a
term of years. ,
Progressive and co-ordinated action
dealing with automobile parking, with
the Federal Government setting an ex
ample In the provision of parking area
within Government buildings.
Adoption of a well co-ordinated pro
gram of bridge construction and re
* 4 . De £ r ? linat,on of Jurisdiction of
the United States over lands on the
Virginia shore by the Attorney General
and settlement as to the. jurisdiction
°« r SU( ; h lands « between different
offices of the Federal and District gov
ernments. * ov
Alley Dwelling Revolving Fund.
The elimination of inhabited alleys
by the progressive transfer of alley
dwelling properties to other uses A
f . und administered by the
United States Housing Corporation is
BU % es i ed # “ a toglcal and feasible
method of procedure.
The Zoning Commission shall in
every practical way restrict the con
struction of buildings higher than the
width of the street.
The District Commissioners «iw»iUf
discourage applications for the priv
ilege to put towers, pent houses, water
tanks, etc., above the maximum limits
The area covered by the Shipstead-
Luce act should Include lands as in
dicated by a plat, prepared under the
commission’s direction—mainly those
adjacent to public buildings and public
Provision should be made for the
systematic acquisition of sites for
schools, school yards and branch
libraries. In co-relation with the pur
chase of park and playground areas,
under the Capper-Cramton act.
The different Government offices con
trolling lands in the District of Colum
bia should have authority to transfer
jurisdiction of areas among themselves
when mutually agreeable and subject to
all such transfers being laid before Con
gress for three months before taking
An increase in the gasoline tax "im
possible the enlarged program of park
(Continued on Page 2, Column *.) r
large ball rooms. A small army of
waiters, cooks, caterers, decorators and
furniture movers have been employed.
A 22-piece jazz band was listed in an
array of musical entertainers, which in
cluded radio celebrities.
A dinner for the debutante win pre
cede the dancing, a five-course supper
for the guests will mark the mdnight
hour, and lighter refreshments were
prepared for those who would dance
until they were hungry again.
Regal In bearing, Miss Doherty has
been a distinctive figure among the*
Capital's debutantes since her return
in the Fall from several years of study
of art and languages in Europe. She
has a decided flair for the artistic and
devotes much time to painting.
Miss Doherty is the daughter by ah
earlier marriage of Mr. Doherty’s'wife.
She was legally adopted by heryalllioa-
Ik. ESt S' -. 4

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