<V. 8. Weath'-r Bureau ForccnrO.
Fair and slightly warmer tonight and
tomorrow; light to gentle variable winds.
Temperatures- -Highest, 90. at noon
today; lowest, 63. at 5 a.m. today.
Full report on page 4.
Closing N.Y. Markets, Pagesl3,l4& 15
Entered as second class matter
post office, Washington, D. C.
OF CHILE, RESIGNS i
AND FLEES NATION;
Santiago Quiet After Rioting!
in Streets Kills 60 to 100 j
and Injures 2,000.
FIRST IN YEARS, SET UP |
Marked to Die by Foes, Dictator!
Leaves at Night as Deputies
Vote to Prosecute Him.
By the Associated Press.
SANTIAGO, Chile, July 27. —Carlos j
Ibanez, who yesterday stepped out as |
President of Chile since 1927. crossed j
the border into Argentina with Scnora ,
Ibanez this afternoon on a special train j
manned by officials of the Transandcan j
There was only the Pullman in which
the deposed President and his wife rode
and a coach carrying a guard of
It was learned that the President
left Moneda Palace at about 4 a.m. in
an automobile, followed by four other
cars carrying several of his friends.
They drove to the Hacienda El Sauce
near Los Andes and boarded the train
there at about 7 a.m.
Held Liable to Extradition.
By leaving the country without the :
permission of Congress he makes him- j
self liable to extradition, it was said, 1
because the nature of his departure docs
not constitute him an exile.
The feeling of the public was plainly
shown at last night’s Chamber of
Deputies meeting. After the deputies
had accepted his resignation and had
granted him safe conduct, so great a
clamor was raised by the galleries that
the vote was reconsidered, his re
quest to leave Chile was rejected and
his prosecution was demanded.
Civil Government Set L'p.
Ibanez, self-styled “man of destiny,”
Who once said he enjoyed divine guid
ance in ruling, was under guard at
the Presidential Palace while this was
After the exciting Chamber of Depu
ties meeting, Santiago quieted down j
considerably. The Senate already had j
approved the resignation and the safe I
conduct, and no further legislative ac- j
tion was taken last night.
Today Chile has for the first time j
in four years a civilian government, i
The “military dictatorship” of Ibanez j
■was one of the first causes of the wave
of unpopularity which swept him out j
Senate President Heads State.
Opazo, who was president of the |
Senate, will function as President of |
the nation until elections are held. A i
popular cabinet was formed, with Este
ban Montero as premier and minister
of interior and Pedro Blanquier, the
country’s idol because of the record he
made recently in his eight-day premier
ghto, as minister of finance.
, Other members are, foreign affairs,
Carlos Balmaceda; justice and indus
try, Luis Gutierrez; war, Gen. Aureliano
Baez; navy, Admiral Calixto Rogers;
; welfare, Pedro Pajador; education,
> Whether there would be complete
provincial adhesion to the new govern
ment was impossible to determine be
cause of faulty communications, but
gince Ibanez was as unpopular in the
(Continued on Page 3, Column 5.J
j LOS ANGELES TAKES
! SIAM’S RULERS ALOFT
! King: and Queen Start on Five-
Hour Air Tour in Giant
By the Associated Press.
' LAKEHURST, N. J., July 27.—'The
1 naval dirigible Los Angeles went aloft
at 9:27 a.m. today, carying the King
and Queen of Slam and their party for
a five-hour flight over the metropolitan
Queen Rambaibarnl and her lady-in
waiting were the first women ever to
fly in the dirigible.
Weather conditions were reported as
favorable. Twice before the intended
trips of the royal pair had been post
poned because of adverse weather con
After running an empire of nearly
12,000.000 subjects from a mansion
thousands of miles away for more than
three months, King Prajadhipok and
his Queen will leave tomorrow for a tour
of Canada before returning to Siam.
The royal party will reach Vancouver
in September, where they will meet
Prince and Princess Svasti and sail
with them for Siam.
TWO AVIATION CADETS
DIE IN TEXAS CRASH
Army Air School Students Instant
ly Killed When Big Bomber
By the Associated Press.
SAN ANTONIO, Tex.. July 27—Two
flying cadets, students of the Army Ad
vanced Flying School at Kelly Field,
were instantly killed today when the
bombing plane in which they were fly
ing crashed at Fort Clark.
Those killed were Cadet Robert P.
Burke of Dyersburg, Tenn., and Cadet
George M. O’Rear of Jasper, Ala.
The big ship was said to have crashed
from an altitude of 200 feet, but did not
burn. Both cadets were instantly killed.
Cadet O’Rear was piloting the plane
and Cadet Burke was a passenger.
The two students were participating j
In a cross country training flight to Fort
Clark, on the Rio Grande, near Brack
etsville. They were attempting to land
on the field when the big plane sud
denly plunged to the ground.
Both students graduated at the pri
| mary flying school at Brooks Field here
I and were sent to Kelly Field in June
i for advanced training.
May Fight Will
DR. JOHN HARVEY KELLOGG.
RADIO PLACES GRAF
WELL INTO ARCTIC
Contact to Be Made Today
in Franz Joseph Land—Voy
age Is Fairylike.
By th* Associated Press.
FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany, July
27.—Last word from the dirigible Graf
; Zeppelin put her well above the Arctic
! circle at 68 degrees north latitude
longtitude 43 east.
A wireless report from the ship was
i received at the Zeppelin works just be-
I fore midnight.
On the basis of the position reported
at that time by the dirigible, she war
well on her way to Franz Joseph Land
where Dr. Hugo Eckener, commander
expected to make contact today with
the Russian ice-breaker Maligin.
The ship left Leningrad at 11:1C
a.m. Sunday (4:10 a.m. E. S. T.), and
her schedule called for about six day:
in the Arctic during which the party
of scientists aboard planned to gather
data about winds and weathers.
All Well, Says Radio.
FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany July j
27 <£>). —The Zeppelin Works received
> a radio message from the Graf Zep
i pelin at 1 p.m. today, reporting the i
j dirigible at 75 degrees 50 minutes j
i north, 48 degrees 20 minutes east. The
| message said all was well aboard.
The position given in the message
[ is a little less tnan 100 miles north
j west of Blackpoint. Luetke Land. Nova
! Zembla, and something more than 250
j miles south of Cape Flora, Franz
! Joseph Land, where the Russian ice
i breaker Maligin is waiting.
SKY VOYAGE FAIRY-LIKE.
Scenes and Thrills on Way to Lenin
BV ARTHIR KOESTLER.
ABOARD THE GRAF ZEPPELIN
By Radio via Leningrad) July 26.—Wt
are going to start today for the Fat
North, although for some time w<
thought the weather conditions woulc’.
i be unfavorable.
i We are still under the glamor of oui
I flight over the Baltic Sea to Leningrad
During that part of our journey, the
land and sea below as seen from the
Graf appeared almost fairy-like.
Comdr. Eckener steered our flying
laboratory north by east. After passing
lovely East Gotland, leaving behind us
Aroe, the northernmost point, •we
shaped our course out over the Baltic,
turning eastward over the Gulf of Fin
Early yesterday afternoon we flew
over Reval, the capital of “the potato
republic,” as the Russians call the little
state of Esthonia. Then we crossed
over the gulf to the old city of Helsing
fors. the capital of Finland, where the
bathing beaches on the outskirts of the
city looked like outlying islands of the
All of us were thrilled by the en
chanting beauty of the scene below. It j
seemed as though it were calling up to
us to stop.
Helsingfors lay beneath us like a
dream city, ringed with miniature forts |
that looked as though they were armed
with toy guns, served by toy soldiers.
Over City of Narva.
Flying east, a little to the south, we
passed over the Russian frontier city of,
Narva, crossing the Russo-Esthonian ;
border, and folowed the railroad line i
from Narva to Leningrad.
A huge red triumphal arch appeared
to rise suddenly from the ground, and !
there we saw two tiny sentry bouses, i
one blue and white, the Esthonian col- ;
ors, and the other red, the Russian ;
color. I do not know what the arch j
signifies, but its proximity to the Estho- '
nian border, close to the blue-white
Esthonian sentry box, made it a marked ]
feature in the landscape.
Two big Soviet military planes, each
manned by eight men, met us at the !
frontier. Cheering and waving hand- !
1 kerchiefs, these aviators accompanied j
(Continued on Page 3, Column 6.) |
SHAW, PREPARED FOR WORST, TOOK 1
TENT ALONG ON TRIP TO RUSSIA
Tells Joke on Himself at Gathering Marking His 75th
Birthday—Calls Hearers "Comrades.”
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, July 27.—When George
Bernard Shaw came here to see how
Russia was getting along under the
Soviet rule he thought things were so
bad he'd have to live in a tent.
To be prepared, he brought one
along with him. Moreover, he had
food, bedding and pillows in his duffle.
Shaw told about it—as a Joke to him
self—in a speech last night in the
Concert Hall of Columns, attended by
workers, writers and educators, who
were helping him to celebrate his sev- ;
enty-fifth birthday anniversary,
j “We were told there was no food
or other necessities in Russia,” said
G. B. S. “After we crossed the border
we found our equipment unnecessary
and we began throwing it away.”
Shaw addressed his hearers as “com
rades” and told them that when they !
had succeeded in their Communist !
revolution the other nations would fol
low fast in their footsteps. I
JEti citing Sfctf.
J V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
WASHINGTON, D. 0., MONDAY, JULY 27, 1931—THIRTY-TWO, PAGES. ***
KELLOGG ON WAY
HERETO CONFER ON
;Move May Be First in Fight
to Break Final of Six
STUDY BY COUNSEL
Battle Creek Sanitarium, of Which
Visitor Is Head. Among
What may be the flrrt move In the
expected legal battle to break the last
will of Mrs. Mary F. Henderson, wealthy
dowager, was foreseen today In the
announcement that Dr. John Harvey
Kellogg of the Battle Creek Sanitar
ium was on his way to Washington
for a conference with counsel who have
made a study at his request of the six
wills left by Mrs. Henderson.
Dr. Kellogg, whose sanitarium was
the principal beneficiary under one of j
the wills, was expected to arrive here j
Dr. Kellogg is expected to go Im
mediately Into conference with his at
torneys. After this conference an an
nouncement probably will be made as
to what steps, if any, he will take to
contest Mrs. Henderson’s last will,
jvhlch makes no provision for the sani
Although it has been expected that
Mrs. Beatrice Who’ean. reputed grand
daughter of Mrs. Henderson, would be
the principal litigant In any contest
to break the will, her attorney, H.
Prescott Gatley, said she has not as
yet discussed the matter with him.
Dr. Kellogg, it was pointed out, may
decide not to attack the will, but It
was generally believed he would instruct
his attorney to proceed Immediately.
Gift to Biology.
Under Mrs. Henderson’s will of July j
13. 1927, virtually her entire estate was
left to Dr. Kellogg’s Battle Creek Sani
tarium. as an endowment for “the
spreading of biological ideas.”
Throughout the will Mrs. Henderson
was lavish in her praise of Dr. Kel
logg’s work and ideas. It was generally j
known that she attributed her long life j
In large measure to strict adherence to
rules of living similar to those spon- ;
sored by Dr. Kellogg.
Any attempt by Dr. Kellogg to break .
the last will, it was believed, must of
necessity be based on the theory that,
because of her advanced age and Ill
ness, she was not competent in 1931
to make a valid will. The will leaving
the estate to his sanitarium, it was
pointed out, was made four years
Contrast of Interests.
Mrs. Wholean, it has been contended,
may attack the will on the theory
that Mrs. Henderson, under the terms
of the wills of her son and husband,
could not legally bar the grand
daughter from participating in the
estate. The case for the sanitarium,
however, it was said, must rest upon
and entirely different premise, namely,
. the possibility that Mrs. Henderson
might r.ot have been capable in 1931
of executing a valid will.
If both Mrs. Wholean and Dr.
Kellogg should contest the 1931 will,
their interests would be antagonistic.
If either is successful in breaking the j
will, their respective claims might well
result in a second court battle, with the ;
scientist and granddaughter opposing
each other, it was pointed out.
The 1931 will, after a $200,000 be
quest to Jesse Shima, Mrs. Henderson's
Japanese secretary, and other small be
guests, leaves the bulk of the estate to
Frances and Henry Arnold of New York
City, niece and nephew of the society
14 SEIZED IN BATTLE
FOR BIG RUM CARGO!
i Luxurious Boat, Truck, Two Autos
| and Liquor Taken Off Brook
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, July 27.—Federal au
■ thorities today took charge of 14 pris
| oners, a luxurious 35-foot cabin cruiser,
; a truck, two automobiles and $42,000
j worth of liquor, seized yesterday by
1 police in a gun battle with rum-run
; ners off the Brooklyn shore.
j A telephone call brought two detec
■ tives to the water front. Some one fired
at them and they fired back. Soon an-
I other half dozen policemen joined the
I detectives and the group closed in on
j the truck.
Seven men jumped into the water,
j but six were recaptured. One man was
j shot. The other seven men were found
I hiding behind a truck.
, “As an old Socialist.” he said he i
saw on the faces of his audience “a !
new look which one does not find in I
the West, but which I hope to see !
He said the English ought to be !
ashamed of themselves for not having i
been the first to effect a Communist 1
revolution. Referring to the fact that 1
he was traveling with Lord and Lady '
Aster, whom he described as “very
rich and great landowners,” he said:
“It is not their fault, but the fault
; of the English proletariat for not hav-.
lng taken it away from them."
Shaw spent part of his birthday an
niversary at a race track on the out
skirts of Moscow. The races didn’t
excite him. Instead, he slept, beard
on chest, while Lady Astor fanned
away bothersome flies.
How does he feel on reaching 75? i
' Here's what he said:
"I don't know. I stopped observing
< birthdays whta < was 70.”
* ' *
| CHURCH IN DEATHS
i Manifesto Holds Catholic
Heads Responsible in Vera
Special Dispatch to Tha Star
MEXICO CITY, July 27—Gov.
Adalberto Tejeda of the Mexican state
of Vera Cruz, who narrowly escaped
death Saturday when a youth emptied
a gun at him In Jalapa, state capital,
I has Issued a manifesto blaming Cath
olic Church dignitaries and the clergy
for the disorders that culminated In
the killing of two priests in reprisal for
the attempt on his life.
| Stubbornness on the part of the clergy,
according to the manifesto, is exasperat
j lng non-Catholics. who demand that
j the recent law fixing one priest for
; every 100,000 Inhabitants be made
Though the religious war going on
| within the state of Vera Cruz between
Catholics and anti-Catholics is not in
the field, resort to violence and frequent
clashes are taking place.
The attempt on the life of Gov.
Tejeda and the subsequent murder of
two priests marked the day when the
new religious law became effective and
the clergy replied to the government s
demands for the names of 13 priests—
who were to be the only ones entitled
by law to conduct religious services
within the whole state.
PRIESTS FREE TO LEAVE.
| . ——
Papal Nuncio Gives Them Right to
By the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY, July 27.— Catholic
priests In the state of Vera Cruz were
free today to decide for themselves
whether to leave their churches or to
continue their religious offices in cle
fiance of Oov. Adalberto Tejeda and of
the recently enacted state religious law.
Papal Nuncio Ruiz y Flores an
nounced he had ordered Bishop Rafael
Guisar y Valencia of Vera Cruz to in- j
form the. priests of his diocese that
they might determine for themselves
whether to stay in their churches or
flee the state.
Wounded Youth Die*.
Vera Cruz dispatches reported the
death of a youth, who was wounded in
the shooting Saturday in Asuncion
Church. Father Alberto Landa, who
was wounded when Father Acosta was
killed, still was in a serious condition.
La Prensa today said it was reliably
Informed by a high official of the cen
tral government that Gov. Tejeda had
been called to Mexico City. There was
no further verification of this.
Reports from Vera Cruz said the city
was flooded with posters signed by the
governor. In which he said he was re -,
solved to enforce the laws and asked,
the people’s help, respect and obedi
ei Federal troops were reported patrol
ling streets in the vicinity of churches
at Vera Cruz and elsewhere to preserve
Meanwhile reports reached here from
Jalapa, capital of the state, of a riot
late yesterday in which s f v * r f-.
sons were said to have been injured and
j of an attempt on the life of the vicar
! general, Pedro Castillo y Landa.
j ' Vicar General Escapes.
| Bishop Guisar said two men entered
the house of the vicar general and at
tempted to kill him, but he escaped
and was in hiding.
Reports of the riot in Jalapa gave no
details. It was said all churches there
and in the city of, Vera Cruz were
closed. Four Jalapa churches were
damaged by fire Saturday as a result
of mob violence. . ..
The cathedral at Jalapa and the
church called Beaterio were gutted and
two others less seriously damaged.
Bishop Guisar charged it was agents
of Gov. Tejeda, who was wounded in
the left ear by an assailant yesterday,
who had fired the churches and at
tacked the vicar general.
"We do not want to take responsi
bility and order the priests to stay
(Continued on Page 3, Column 4.)
| KING’S SON STRICKEN
I Seized by Chill on Air Trip and
Must Stay in Doors Few Days.
MELTON. Mowbray, England, July
27 UP) —The Duke of Gloucester, third
LV of Ktaf George caught a chill
while flying from Aintree on PTiday
and will have to stay in doors for a few
' day. it was disclosed today,
j The Duke Is atajing , S22S? 1
Colman at Burton Hill.»
Here Today to Make
Final Flight Plans
Expected This Afternoon
for Conference With State
On the start of their 7.000-mile "va
cation cruise," which will take them
! over some cf the wildest and most for
• bidding country on the globe. Col. and
Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh are expected i
to fly to the National Capital this aft- 1
crnoon for a final conference with State
Department officials and members of
the diplomatic corps who arc familiar
, with the lands and peoples they will
William R. Castle, Jr., acting Seere
i tary of State, will be host to the Lind
berghs tonight at dinner. He also has
invited some of the officials cf the
Far Eastern division of the State De
Castle said that all of Lindbergh's ar- j
rangements for flying over the various i
countries cn the trip itinerary had been :
completed and that the only purpose of j
the visit here today was to acquaint;
himself with the customs of the people !
and countries through which he will
The Lindberghs are expected to re
i main In Washlngtoh tonight and prob
ably part of tomorrow, though they
have not announced a definite schedule
for any part of their trip.
MADE BY SCHENCK
Affidavit Is Sent From Prison
to Department of Justice,
to Be Given Probers.
Frederick A. Schenck, former Wash
ington policeman who has precipitated
; a grand jury investigation of his
1 ; dharges of malfeasance against local
police and prosecuting officers, has
, given a sworn statement at Leaven
worth Penitentiary to special agents of
the United States Bureau of Investiga
tion, The Star learned today,
j The affidavit, the contents of which
are being closely guarded, will be pre- j
j sented to the grand Jury August 10, at
which time its author will be brought.
from the Federal prison to tesMfy in'
substantiation of the serious allegations. I
The statement arrived at the De
partment of Justice today, It is under- '
stood. It will be turned over to bureau
agents assigned by request of District
, 1 Attorney Rover to Investigate the
charges by Schenck.
Supercedes Early Charges.
The affidavit will supercede other
statements by Schenck received by the
; Government from unofficial sources.
' The sworn statement was sought after
the former policeman had accused
"certain Federal and District officials"
iof corruption in a letter addressed to
I Representative Thomas L. Blanton of
! Texas. A copy of the letter was sent
here from Kentucky Ijy an anonymous
person. Schenck previously had made
somewhat similar accusations in an un
signed statement which he typed at the
District Jail In 1929.
The Bureau of Investigation, of which
J. Edgar Hoover is director, is confln-;
lng its inquiry to specific charges;
against a member of the district at
torney’s office. The bureau has no au
thority to investigate the statements
Schenck has aimed at high police offi
cials, as the latter are not Federal
Several members of the Police De
partment were questioned today by bu
reau agents, it was learned. The list of
persons to be interviewed is said to be
a long one, including numerous police
men who have been engaged in vice and
prohibition raids, proprietors of alleged
“resorts” and others. Most of these are
expected to be called to face the grand
Court Writ Obtained.
’ Meanwhile, Acting United States At
torney John W. Fihelly today secured
from Justice O. R. Luhring a writ of
habeas corpus ad testificandum for the
appearance before the grand jury of
The writ Is directed to Edgar C.
Snyder. United States marshal for the
District, and Thomas B. White, warden
of. the Leavenworth Penitentiary, and
directs them to have Schenck before
the grand jury at the appointed time.
Fihelly told the court in his petition
of the pendency of the inquiry before
the grand jury and that Schenck is
serving a 1 sentence at Leavenworth
prison as a United States prisoner. He
also pointed out that he is Informed
and believes that Schenck will testify
to material facts concerning the
charges of malfeasance and that his
testimony will relate to facts, circum
stances and conditions of which he
alone Is capable of testifying.
Radio Programs oa Page B-9
U. S. Land Leases Contain
By thr Associated Press.
i Secretary' Hurley today debated with
Nelson Rounsevell, editor of the Pan
ama-American, the latter’s charges that
the United States owns land in Colon.
Panama, on which saloons, breweries
and brothels are located.
The Secretary contended every lease
made by the Government In Colon con- j
lalned a clause preventing use of the
property for immoral purposes. He said
i that was as far as the United States
■ Government could go, because it did not
; have sovereignty over the city of Colon
and was not charged with enforcing po- ;
Properly Sale Urged.
Rounsevell said the United States, i
which owns the property through the
Panama Railroad, should sell it. He
contended it was one of the "sore spots”
in relations between this Government j
and Central American nations.
Hurley said he thought the effort to
have the United States sell the prop
erty was an attempt by some to get
“cheap land,” and that it had been
urged that the Government give the
lend away because of the criticism,
j The Secretary opened the debate,
| which took place in a conference with
! newspaper men, by challenging a news
paper story saying Rounsevell had
charged the saloons and brothels were
operating in the Panama Canal Zone.
Rounsevell said his charge had re
ferred solely to the City of Colon,
which is not part of the Canal Zone.
Secretary Hurley said disposal of the
land was now under negotiation be
tween the State Department and the
The Panama editor questioned i
Hurley’s statement that all leases pro- ;
hibited use of the property for im- ;
moral purposes, saying they did not j
prevent the use of the land for brew- j
cries and saloons.
Hurley replied that prohibition was
not a part of Panama law and such :
use of the land was not immoral.
HOOVER AND FIRST LADY
REMAINING AT RAPIDAN
i By the Associated Press.
! LURAY, Va„ July 27.—The week end
visit of President Hoover to his retreat
on the Rapldan River in the Blue Ridge
Mountains has been prolonged until
The Chief Executive and Mrs. Hoover
decided late Sunday to remain over an
extra day despite the departure of most
of their guests.
For the first time in weeks they were
enjoying a day undisturbed by national
and international affairs. Recently the
week end visits in this cool sector were
spent watching the economic situation
in Germany and its bearing on inter
Henry Robinson, Los Angeles finan
cier and old friend of the President,
was one of the guests to remain over
until Tuesday. The President previously
had planned to return to Washington
MADRID ACTION DELAYED
Probable Resignation of Provision
al Government Tomorrow.
MADRID, July 27 V P>. —Provisional
President Alcala Zamora and Julian
Besteiro, president of the Assembly,
agreed today to delay the probable
resignation of the government until to
PARK POLICE GIVE ADDED SERVICE
TO THOSE SLEEPING OUTDOORS
Capital Residents, Seeking Relief From Heat, Ask Officer
on Beat to Call Them for Breakfast.
There is do oversleeping in Capital
The hundreds of Washingtonians who
during the recent hot spell foresook
their homes for the cool of the city’s
parks were awakened promptly every
morning between 7 and 7:30 o’clock by
Many who desired to get up earlier
asked the officer on the beat to arouse
them at a certain hour, and, whenever
possible, these requests were complied
“The park police realize that most of
the people sleeping in the parks are
employed and are there to escape the
heat,’’ Acting. Superintendent Carroll
“From Prett to Homo
Within the Hour*'
The Star's carrier system covers
every’ cit.v block and 1 lie regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Saturday’s Circulation, 104,934
Sunday’s Circulation, 116,803
<A») Means Associated Press. TWO CENTS.
Report, Submitted to Hoover,
Urges Fewer Iron Bars,
METHODS HELD BRUTAL,
Effective Parole System Urged.
Present Practice Is Termed
By the Associated Press.
The Wickersham Law Enforcement
Commission today condemned the Na
tion's prison system as antiquated, in
efficient, failing to reform the criminal
nr protect society, and as using brutal
disciplinary measures without Justifi
Submitting its seventh report to
President Hoover, dealing with "penal
institutions, probation and parole,” the
commission advocated the creation of a
new system in which iron bars would
play but a small part and education
would be uppermost.
Much of the report was a denuncia
tion o♦ prison conditions, characterized
las "almost incredible,” under which
; men were imprisoned in overcrowded
! cells without sufficient, light or fresh air
or benefit of modem plumbing.
It lashed out also at the system of
prison discipline described as "tradi
tional. antiquated, unintelligent and
not infrequently cruel and inhuman.”
Asserting these methods “contribute to
the increase of crime by hardening the
prisoner,” the commission urged they
be blamed by law.
Among the punishments revealed,
many of them visited upon prisoners
for slight offenses, were the shackling
■of men to doors for 12 hours a day,
whipping, placing them in straight
| Jackets, lashing them down under
streams of cold water, confining them
in cages so small that movement was
impossible, and keeping them in com
plete darkness for days at a time on a
i ration of four ounces of bread every
After asserting that the Ameri
-1 can prison had failed as a "business
enterprise" and as an educational in
stitution, since men were released no
! better then when committed, the com
"That the prison has failed as a dis
ciplinary institution, the riots, the fire.
! the use of cruel and brutal measures of
j punishment, the persistent recurrence
of murder within the prison, the pres
! ence of narcotics, the frequent atmos
phere of hatred and bitterness suffici-
I ently evidence.
Punishment Vicious Circle.
"It is clear at present that the more
punishment in prison the more dis
content, the more discontent the more
irritation, the more irritation the more
plotting, the more plotting the more
violation of rules and the greater need
for more severe punishment. The whole
procedure is in the nature of a vicious
circle for which there seems to be no
! Outlining what it considered the ideftl,
j the commission asserted segregation of
] the diseased, insane, drug-addicted and
| hardened criminal was one of the first
| requisites. It held fortress-like prisons
| of the Auburn type were unnecessary
save for the worst types.
"The millions of dollars now em
ployed to construct elaborate maxi
mum-secuiiiy prisons,” it said, "could
I with much better advantage, be used
! in the development and proper financ
ing of adequate systems of probation
! and parole.”
Under the proposed system all pris
! oners would be paid wages, their treat
| ment would be more humanized, the
: choosing of prison officials would be
i removed from politics and guards would
be trained specifically for their task.
Parole Extension Urged.
It was advocated that "no man should
j be sent to a penal institution until it
I is definitely determined that he is not
, a fit subject for probation.” Extension
j of the parole system also was urged as
j the "best means yet devised for releas
ing prisoners from confinement.”
Nevertheless, the commission asserted,
the present system of parole, in most
sections, was little more than "a huge
Joke.” It scored the loose supervision
of parolees, which in 18 States was car
ried on by correspondence, making it
"easy to beat the game.”
Discussing conditions within existing
prisons, the report said the overcrowd
ing in Federal insttutions during 1930
was 65.9 per cent more than capacity
and that in the system as a whole
"probably worse than it ever has been.”
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
PAPER AIDS FARMERS
Offers to Take Wheat Above Mar
ket Price Subscriptions.
OTTAWA, Ohio. July 27 (/P>—The
Lima Morning Star, at Lima, Ohio, has
advised farmers in Putnam County that
hereafter they may pay for subscrip
tions with wheat at the rate of 50 cents
a bushel, somewhat higher than the
The paper advised its readers that six
bushels of the grain sent to a mill at
Lima will start the paper to them.
Wheat sells for 40 to 42 cents a bushel
said today. "The park police are doing
everything possible to see that these
people are well taken care of. We don't
want them to be late for work, so the
men awaken them in time for break
Last night 272 persons slept in the
parks. As usual, a majority—2ls—were
in Judiciary Square, this park being the
most crowded, due to its proximity to a
large number of rooming houses, ac
cording to Carroll. East Potomac Park
was the next most popular place. 20
sleeping there, while Sdaton Square ac
commodated 15; Smithsonian grounds.
10; the White Lot 3. Monument Grounds
5 and the Tidal Basin 4.
I TO LOSE ILF, NEW
I ESTIMATES REVEAL
, Investors In Bankrupt Mort
gage House Must Wait Two
Years for Money.
' PERIOD SEEN NECESSARY
. Condition of Real Estate Market
Bars Immediate Settlement,
Creditors of the bankrupt Swartze 11,
’ | Rheem & Hensey Co. will be fortunate
'! if they receive 50 cents on the dollar
( on their investments after the assets of
' J the firm have been liquidated, and will
have to wait two years to get that, it
j was learned today.
i This estimate of the rapacity of the
j estate to pay off is considerably lower
• than former ones, some of which valued
j the assets high enough to predict that
i; creditors would receive back 80 cents of
‘ ; every dollar they invested,
j At the same time it was brought out
I that those who invested their money
: with the company will have to wait at
, least two years before receiving any
j substantial reimbursement as creditors.
Conditions Bar Speed.
j Pointing out that the bankruptcy act
j contemplates a speedy liquidation of
assets. Referee in Bankruptcy Fred J.
Eden said that in this particular case.
| however, a protracted liquidation period
; would be necessary,
j "It is in the interests of the creditors
I I to market assets of any bankrupt as
advantageously as possible.” Mr. Eden
i said. "Although no unnecessary delay
! will be tolerated in this case, the con
. dition of the real estate market is
; such tlat Swartzell, Rheem & Hensey
! Co. assets in the form of real estate
. cannot be profitably disposed of im
j "We will wait five years if necessary
to bring about a desirable liquidation.
1 1 The longer we wait the better it will be
; for the creditors.”
; | Although explaining the extensive
j real estate holdings now in the hands
! of the trustees must await an upturn of
j the market before being sold, one trus
• tee expressed the opinion today that not
j more than two years would be required
’ i for a complete liquidation.
In the meantime, it was said, other
j assets will be marketed and the credi
j tors paid off as quickly as possible. It
;! was expected that some small payment
■ might be made at the next creditors’
meeting, which probably will,, be held
within the next three or four weeks.
Pending Suits Cited.
Attention was called that some delay
will resuit from the fact that suits
have been filed to restore released
If these suits should be successful,
it was pointed out, the liabilities of
the estate would be reduced. One of
ficial gave the following explanation:
“Suppose a trust for $1,200,000 on ■
property was released and a trust for
$1,000,000 substituted. The noteholders
under the released trust are now cred
itors of Swartzell. Rheem & Hensey Co.,
but if the trust should be restored they
would no longer be creditors. Those
holding under the substitute trust would
step into their shoes as creditors, but
the total of their claims would be $200,-
000 less, reducing the liabilities in that
One trustee, in discussing the ability
of the trustees to pay off claims,
said that even under the most favor-
Sle circumstances it was doubtful if
e creditors* could be paid as high as
50 cents on the dollar.
“These bankruptcies,” he said, “al
ways look worse as you get deeper into
When receivers were first appointed
and after assets and liabilities had
been tentatively assayed, a pay-off of
80 cents on the dollar was forecast in
Benton Harbor Hotel Reported to
• Have Vacated “Rose Room”
for' Mr. Rose’s Party.
Br the Associated Press.
BENTON HARBOR. Mich., July 27
City officials declined to comment today
, on reports that the management of a
hotel here had asked 50 young society
folk to vacate the “rose room” of the
hotel Friday night to accommodate A1
Capone and a party of 100 men and
women from Chicago.
On his visits to Benton Harbor the
scar-faced gang leader is said to have
taken the name “Mr. Rose.” and to have
used roses freely in decorations of the
rooms in which his social affairs have
Friday night’s party was intended as
a farewell for the beer baron, and be
cause of its special significance the "rose
room” was particularly desired. That
room had been engaged in advance by
Mrs. J. H. Bickford of South Bend. Ind.,
national officer of the Epsilon Sigma
Alpha Society. While members of the
Capone party waited outside, the hotel
management was reported to have re
quested Mrs. Bickford and her guests
to move to a smaller room.
At the hotel today the only comment
was, “Capone Is not here.”
MARKS SILVER JUBILEE
Mgr. Huber, Former Rector of
Bonaventura College Here.
VATICAN CITY, July 27 (4»>.—Mgr.
Raphael M. Huber, confessor in English
at St. Peter’s, celebrated his allver
Jubilee mass yesterday at the altar of
the most holy sacrament in St. Petr/’s,
assisted by Canon Mgr. Ugolini.
Mgr. Huber was rector of St. p-/a
. ventura College of this city, from 1923
, to 1927.
Last Race Vacht Finishes.
PLYMOUTH, England. July 27 </P>. —
The American ketch Lismore, 'ast of
i the ships in the transatlantic yacht
race, arrlyed at Plymouth today.
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