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WICKERSHAMPAPER HITS JAIL SYSTEM “Brutal, Ancient and Ineffi cient Methods” Are Scored in Crime Report. YContinued From First Page.) the major prisons in the country were between 70 and 100 years old and that 21 per cent of them were without plumbing. Many of the cells now hous ing two men are so small, the report asserted, that the air would have to be changed every three or four minutes to prevent objectionable odors. Some of the institutions specifically criticised were the State Prison in Ore gon, the Charlestown Prison in Massa chusetts, the Auburn and Clinton Pris ons in New York, the Folsom Prison in California and the old prison at Joliet, 111. I Unemployment Strain. In the face of such conditions, the commission said, "unemployment adds a burden and strain upon both the prison administration and the inmates Which becomes almost intolerable." It cited some instances in which men were kept in their celts almost 24 hours a day, and others where they were made to sit on benches in a loft from break fast until noon and noon until supper, •imply for lack of work. Mentioning the riots at Folsom, the Colorado State prison, Columbus. Leavenworth, Jefferson City, Missouri, Auburn and Clinton, the commission said, in general that if the prisoners were unnecessarily irritated “then no amount of discipline or cruelty will save the institution from internal vio lence, riot, fire and murder." It disclosed that'after “strict discipli nary methods" were instituted l at Jefferson City, five men committed sui cide. four were killed by other prisoners *nd 78 escaped. Experts Make Report. Appended to the commission's report was a lengthy study by an advisory committee of 24 experts, among them Sanford Bates, director of Federal prisons. It concurred with the com-, mission that the present prison system was failing in its purpose of reforming criminals. Its recommendations was one that prison industry be expanded, to which was added that such industry must of necessity come into competition with that cf free labor. A third report, prepared by Hastings H Hart, chairman of the committee, condemned the present system of police jails and village lockups as overrun by filth and vermin, as often constituting fire traps in which prisoners have been cremated, and as the setting for “third degree*’ methods often accompanied by Illegal treatment and torture. Joliet Prison Cited. In the course of its criticism of condi tions in specified prisons, the commis sion reported that at the new institu tion at Joliet “men are held in cells on s diet consisting of four ounces of bread and one quart of water a day. from a day to a week.” If confined for a longer period, it was added, they are given a full ration one day each While on 'this * restricted diet, the commission said, the men are hand cuffed to a door for about 12 hours a dav. It added that a man recently died In the old Joliet prison while held in this position. Criticizing prison unemployment, the commission cited as examples “such prisons as Walla Walla, in Washington; Auburn and Clinton, in New York; the State Prison at Columbus, where for years more than a third of the prison population has been kept in idleness; the prison in Colorado, the Eastern and Western Penitentiaries, in Pennsylvania; the State Prison in Wisconsin, the pris ons in Maryland. Nevada. Utah, Mon tana, Michigan and others.” Guards’ Life Hard. Although condemning many of th’ habits and actions of prison guards, the report said their lot was a hard and .often uninviting one. Citing a state ment from a unnamed source in Illinois. It said; „ . . “The position of guard is well nigh Intolerable. His salary is ridiculously low and far less than that which can he earned bv even the most incom petent mechanic. His hours are very long—sometimes 16 hours a day—and he is himself virtually a prisoner. His Isolation is cruel, as under the rules which exist at Joliet, at any rate, he Is not allowed to converse with the prisoners." The commission said a study of con ditions in New York City had revealed that in reoent years 4 guards had committed suicide and 10 had gone Insane. RECOMMENDS SHORT-TERM JAILS. Additional Federal Institutions Needed, Says Reporrt. The establishment of additional Fed eral penal institutions for short-term of fenders in the District of Columbia and In nine other cities scattered through out the country was among the recom mendations contained in the Wicker sham Commission's report on penal in stitutions. probation and parole, made public today at the White House. According to a supplementing report, contained in the main report, atten tion was called to the need for more adequate housing facilities of Federal prisoners, because, as it was pointed out, of the 26.000 Federal prisoners at the time the report was written, only one half of them are housed in United States institutions. The balance are farmed out in other institutions. This latter condition the commission looks upon as undesirable. Urge Farming Abandonment. Regarding this the committee stated that in view of the long history of this method of boarding prisoners in other institutions, no complete abandonment of it can be seriously recommended. However, the commission expressed the belief that the Government should work toward such abandonment. After calling attention to the fact that four additional Federal jails are now' under construction, the report recommended, “We believe that Federal Institutions for short-term offenders ought to be established in a number of additional places, such as Philadelphia, Baltimore. Washington, Atlanta, Pitts burgh, Cleveland, Minneapolis, Denver, ' Los Angeles and Seattle.” Attention in this report was called also to the new hospital for defective delinquents to be built, in the Ozark , region of Missouri, which when com pleted will take out of St. Elizabeth Hospital in Washington, the criminally Insane, thus relieving the overcrowding at that institution. This new hospital will care for mental defectives as well as prisoners suffering from advance physical defects. A site for this new hospital, consisting of 500 acres of agricultural land, has been donated to the Government by the City of Springfield, Mo. Farm Colonies Recommended. In its discussion of the country jail and the short-term offender, the report recommended to the States the main tenance of one or more industrial farm colonies and called attention to that conducted by the District of Columbia at Occoquan, Va„ as well as the ones at Bridgewater. Mass., and Putnam ville, Ind. Regarding these industrial farm colonies the report said: “Out in the open, on land owned by the State, the ihort-term offender works under health ful conditions, and, if nothing else is accomplished, he is likely to leave the Wives in “Bigamy” Tangle “MA” KENNEDY, AFTER ANNULMENT, AND MRA HUDSON. 1 • ’T jagg psp ivr 9 i¥'K ' WUr iJL--' ic x \’' Mu ‘ i JA. ! t BBBBBi ■ m ■ j TWO wives of “Rev.” G. Edward Hudson console each other in court. On I the left is Mrs. Minnie CMa") Kennedy-Hudson, whose marriage was annul’d soon after the above picture was taken. The other woman is Mrs. L. Margaret Nev. ton-Hudson. who had not been divorced from her husband when Mrs. Kennedy, mother of Aimee Semple McPherson, evangelist, married him. Mrt. Newton-Hudson has a divorce suit pending against Hudson, who also is facing bigamy charges in Washington and a breach of promise suit in Los Angeles. Calif., where this court room scene took place July 23. —A. P. Photo. ABATEMENT PLEAS ARE FILED BY PITTS Perjury Indictment Attacked by Former F. S. Smith Co. Head. G. Bryan Pitts, former head of the I F. H. Smith Co., now in jail awaiting lan appeal from a sentence of 14 years' imprisonment for conspiracy to em bezzle funds of the company, today filed in District Supreme Court 12 pleas in abatement against the recent indict ment returned against him and four other persons for alleged perjury and subornation of perjury, growing out of the introduction of papers at his former trial attempting to justify the alleged defalcation. Indicted with Pitts in the recent in dicjment are John H. Edwards, jr., j former vice president of the Smith com- ! pany; Emory L. Coblentz, former j banker of Frederick, Md.; Helen L. Schneider, private secretary to Pitts, and Henry O. Hart, former auditor for l the Smith company. Illegal Seizure Alleged. Through Attorneys Leon Tobriner and Dozier A. De Vane, Pitts charges that Nugent Dodds. Assistant Uniied States Attorney General, and Neil Bur kinshaw, special assistant, used before the grand jury evidence illegally seized by revenue agents, from a private vault in Florida where seven trunkfuLs of paper and two typewriters were taken. The typewriters, it is said, were shown the grand jurors as proof that the al leged authorizations testified to by Pitts, were spurious. The court is told that the District Supreme Court re cently granted a temporary injunction against the use of tne articles taken from the Florida vault and while that case has been pending in the Equity Court Pitts should not be required to answer the new indictment. Counsel for Pitts also points out that Nugent Dodds failed to file an author ity from the Attorney General to permit him to prosecute a case before the April grand jury, his authority having been i for the January grand jury, which failed to act on the fragments of testimony submitted to it. Jury’s Validity Attacked. Pitts makes several attacks against the validity of the grand jury which re- 1 turned the verdict. One of its members served only one week and w r as succeeded by another member, said to have been ■ illegally substituted. Regina E. Chandler. I one of the grand jurors, he charges, | while serving in that capacity was car- i ried on the roll of the .District govern- I ment as an assistant director of play grounds. John P. Palmer, another grand juror, : it is charged, was a lieutenant in the j United States Naval Reserves. Sarah E. Rolph, another member of the grand jury, it is alleged, was the wife of Jesse D. Rolph, secretary tor Repre sentative Nathan L. Strong of Penn sylvania, had no gainful occuoation, but was dependent upon her husband for maintenance and support. Georgia A. Buchanan, another member, w f as the wife of J. Sheldon Buchanan, a for mer salesman for the Smith Co., and she and her husband held s*ack or se curities of the company and suffered loss by the failure of the company. Claim is also made that Talmai L. »Smith appeared in the grand jury room | to take the testimony of witnesses un der a purported appointment as Spe cial Assistant to the Attorney General. This appointment, Pitts claims, was a mere subterfuge to get a shorthand re porter in the grand jury room. The service of women on grand juries is also made the subject of one of the pjeas in abatement. All these things were done, Pitts claims, to his preju dice. and he asks that the indictment be thrown out by the court. institution better off physically than when he entered." In calling attention to the costliness of the average modern building for prisoners in the various States, the re port called attention to the low cost of the cottage dormitory type of prison such as is located at Lorton, Va. The lat ter cost about $440 per inmate, while the ■ average prison of the regulation type . costs from $2,000 to $5,000 per inmate. I In that section of the report dealing s with police jails and lockups a table ’ is presented which shows the District , of Columbia high in thb number of ■ prisoners in prison lockups compared , with the population. , District Is Fifth. . During the six months ending June ■ 30, 1930, this city had 24,930 prisoners. . which was a ratio of 5,120 prisoners per ! ii 100,000 population on the basis of 486,- p 859 total population, r The table covered 51 cities having i more than 150,000 inhabitants and 1 showed that the District with its ratio . of 5,120 was fifth on the list of these t cities. New York City, with its pop s ulation of 6.930.000 showed a total of ■) 52,515 prisoners during the period [ 'mentioned and a ratio of only 758. The city with the highest ratio was San Antonia, Tex., with 14,266 prison ers and a ratio of 6,119. St. Louis, 1 Mo., was second with 49,000 prisoners ► and a ratio of 6,038; Kansas City, - Mo., third, with 23,763 prisoners and a i ratio of 5.944: Fort Worth, Tex., was t fourth with 9,043 prisoners and a ratio i Os 5,531. s The report stated that New York - City’s chief of police explained that the low ratio of lockup prisoners in l that city was due to the fact that a ; majority of minor offenders, includ s ing about one-half of arrested per - sons, brought to precinct stations, are s served with a summons and released e without confinement. THE EVENING STAR. WASHINGTON, B. C„ MONDAY. JULY 27, 1931, NIELSEN TO LEAVE CLAIMS POSITION. State Department Says Change Has Nothing to Do With Mexican Stand. By the Associated Press. Fred K. Nielsen. American member of the Mexican Mixed Claims Commis- j sion, will resign late next month when j the claims convention between the United States and Mexico expires. The State Department, in announc ing that Niels-n would resign, explained the resignation had nothing to do with Mexico's unfavorable attitude toward him. but that before that protest was made he had already been appointed to the Salem Arbitration Commission, ef fective at the end of the life of the Mexican Claims Commission. Mexico's attitude toward Nielsen was made known several days ego. Th» Salem Arbitration Commission was appointed to negotiate a claim by this country against Egypt, on behalf of George Salem, a naturalized American citizen. In 1917. Salem inherited prop erties in Egypt, but the Egyptian gov ernment contended he had committed some alleged criminal offense and took the deeds away from him. Proceedings were taken against him in the native Egyptian court, which has no rightful jurisdiction over American citizens. The American legation re covered the deeds, but meanwhile the value of the land had fallen so much that Salem lost considerable money. The commission will consider the claim this Government has made against Egypt on behalf of Salem to recover the losses. . KING GEORGE AT COWES Takes Annual Holiday With Queen and Will See Regatta. COWES. England. July 27 i/Pl.—King George arrived today with Queen Mary in the royal yacht Victoria and Albert for what amounts to his majesty's an nual holiday. The Royal Yacht Club regatta will begin next Monday, and it Is especially for that event that the King and Queen have come. BAND CONCERTS. By the United States Marine Band, this evening at the Marine Barracks at 8 o'clock. Taylor Branson, leader; Ar thur Witcomb/ second leader. Overture, “Magic Flute” Mozart Chanson negre, "Le Bananier.” Gottschalk Trombone solo. “Air Varie” Pryor Musician Robert E. Clark. “Dance of the Hours," from “La Gio conda" Ponchielli Prelude to “Lohengrin" Wagner Excerpts from ' Pinafore” Sullivan “Valse des Fleurs,” from Casse Noi sette” Tsaichowsky “Ultava” ("On the Banks of the Moldau”> Smetana Marines’ Hymn, ' The Halls of Monte zuma.” “The Star Spangled Banner.” By the United States Navy Band, this evening at. the United States Capitol at 7:30 o'clock. Charles Benter, leader; Charles Wise, assistant leader. March, “Lakesonian” Lake Overture, “Rienzi” Wagner Solo for comet, “The Volunteer," Rogers Musician Birley Gardner. Grand scenes from the opera “Caval lcria Rusticana” Mascagni Sextet from “Lucia di Lammermoor, Donizetti Xylophone solo, “Nola” Andt Musician Louis Goucher. Medley, “Bits of Hits of Other Days.” Compiled by Benter-Alfcrd Three dances from the opera “The Bartered Bride" Smetana Polka, Furiant, Dance of the comedians. Finale, “Symphony in F Minor. No. 4,” Tsaichowsky "Anchors Aweigh.” “The Star Spangled Banner.” Store Employes Get Atlantic City Trip 100 REWARDED FOR SHOWING IN SALESMANSHIP. ** Employes of Goldenberg’s department store, photographed In front of Union Station Saturday, just before they left ona week end outing to Atlantic City, the gil P v of the store for unusual showing in sa lcsmanshlp during pie month of June. > MINE UNION CHIEF MS ASSAILANT District President Kills Man Sent to “Get” Him—Shot at Meeting Hits Woman. By the Associated Press. PITTSBURGH. July 27'The miners’ strike, the bituminous coal industry in Western Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Ohio, grew tense to day with the slaying by a union official ut a man who had threatened his life and the wounding of a woman at a strike rally. Accosted by a man who said he was sent to kill him, Patrick T. Fagan, pres ident of District No. 5. United Mine Workers of America, grappled with his assailant, w’rested a pistol from him and shot him to death. Assailant’s Companion Held. The shooting occurred on the front lawn of the Fagan residence here. A man who w’as with Fagan’s assailant was captured by police a short time later, when he threatened a taxi driver. The unidentified body of the slain man was removed to the morgue. His companion, lodged in the county jail, on a technical charge, refused to talk, except to say that his name is Edward Schneider, that he is a miner and that his home is in Fleming, Ky. Denies Plot to Kill Fagan. Held at the city detective bureau to day, Fagan said Schneider appeared at his office Friday and told him he was out of work and had a wife and child dependent upon him. The union offi cial said he gave the man $5. Schneider said at that time his name was Hat field. according to Fagan. Schneider admitted today he had vis ited Fagan. He said his name was not Hatfield, but Schneider. He said he came here about 10 days ago and met the other mar. whom he knew only as j ‘ Pat," on a freight train. H° dcplro | there had been a plot to kill the union offirial. and said his companion had ] been drinking. Shot in Crowd Hits Woman. Fagan, long affiliated with the United Mine Workers of America, has been i a prominent figure both in the strike | and in recent friction between his organization and the National Miners' l Union. Mrs. Martha Stanley, attending a West Virginia miners’ meeting near the Imperial Colliery Co.'s plant, at Burn well. W. Va„ was wounded critically in tire abdomen by a bullet fired from i the fringe of the crowd. Demonstration Against Lewis. Dock Pack, assistant mine foreman. , arrested a short time later, told police he was assisting a man who was being beaten, that he fired three shots and that Mrs. Stanley was wounded acci-j dentally. United Mine Workers’ leaders here refused to comment on the demonstra tion against John L. Lewis.' interna ! tional president, at> West Frankfort, ; 111., yesterday. 2,000 MINERS JEER LEWIS. Illinois “Rank and File" Union Men Hiss Him From Platform. WEST FRANKFORT. 111., July 26 'AY —John L. Lewis, international presi dent of the United Mine Workers of America, was hooted and jeered from ; the speaker's stand today at a miners' meeting called to discuss plans for end ing the strike at the two Orient coal mines here. For more than an hour the labor j leader stood on the platform while I 2.000 miners opposing Lewis’ organi- j i zation shouted, booed and hissed. He did finally yield to other speakers. The storm of catcalls burst w hen < I Lew is referred to the “rank and file” ] movement in defiance to the interna tional organization. Frankfort County has been a storm center in Illinois mine union affairs and the “Rank and ! FUe” Union was nurtured here. - i At one time a miner rushed down the ! hall, grabbed the gavel from Lewis' hand and pounded for order, trying to address the meeting himself. Lewis re trieved the gavel forcibly and resumed | his talk. i Lewis appealed to the miners to re turn to work in the Orient mines under the conditions existing at the start of : the strike, with differences to be smoothed out later. MINE OPERATOR PARLEY DECISION IS UNDECIDED Secretary Lamont on Vacation. Dock Studies Replies to 150 Letters. | By the Associated Press. Although more than 50 replies have been received, administration officials studying the possibility of a general con- i ference on the coal situation still were unable today to give the attitude of the j operators. Sectary of Commerce Lamont. who, j with Scrretary of Labor Doak. last week w’rote 125 leading mine operators asking | if they would be willing to attend a conference, has gone on his vacation j and left the situation for Mr. Doak to j handle. Replies recgjved at the Commerce , Department today were turned over to the Labor Secretary. He declined to 1 discuss them, saying he had not had time to study the answers. MRS. MARy’bEALL DIES Real Estate Dealer Succumbs to Heart Trouble —Rites Wednesday. Mrs. Mary Joyce Beall, mother of Everett S. Beall, jr„ local real estate operator and contractor, died Sunday morning at her residence, 2016 Hillyer place, of heart trouble. She was well 1 known in local real estate and banking circles. Besides her son, she is survived by her husband, Everett S. Beall, sr., and four daughters, Mrs. Theodosia B. Lowry, Mrs. Lillie P. Allman, Mrs. Flor ence A. Lowry and Mrs. Dorothy J. ’ Courchesne. / Funeral services will be held Wed nesday. < 111-Fated Yacht and Spme of Its Victims PROMINENT BROADWAYITES INJURED WHEN CRAFT EXPLODES. .. ■ ■ « .. *>. . ■J - ' . ■ •~ V > . •; • * IF ' ~ ■ ■ IB jt ■ Jm. RL x. H i— - —... j Upper: Bow of the Harry Hichman yacht sticking above the water after it had burned almost to the water’s edge. Miss Virginia Biddle (center left * and Miss Helen Walsh (lower left). ‘ Follies ’ beauties, who are in critical condition. Lower right: Mr. and Mrs. Mark Hellinger. also injured in the explosion. —A. P. Photo. GOV. MURRAY BOWS TO FEDERAL ORDER Commands Oklahoma High way Employes Removed - From Toll Bridge. By the Associated Pre|s. i OKLAHOMA CITY. Okla.. July 27. Gov. William H. “Alfalfa Bill” Murray. , back from his martial law camp at the Denisen-Durant Toll Bridge, tomnjand- 1 ed the State Highway Department to day to obey the orders of the Federal Court he had previously defied. A Federal injunction issued at Mus-! kogee Saturday and denounced by the Governor as “preposterous" and a vio lation of State's rights, forbade State interference with persons using the tell bridge and dissemination of informa ton along the hghways directing traf fic to the newly opened parallel free bridge. The Governor had declared martial law Thursday in a zone at the toll bridge head, and. carrying an old horse pistol, had assumed command of a Na tional Guard force there. He sought to prevent traffic over the toll bridge while the bridge owners in Texas were pre venting use of the free bridge built in part with Oklahoma tax money. . | The Texas injunction was later re moved and the free bridge opened when the Federal Court granted the Musko- | ! gee injunction Saturday forbidding | State interference at the toll bridge, jHe denounced the order and said he ; would place placards personally direct ! ing traffic to the free bridge, j But. after leaving the bridge late yes- , | terday, he took up other State duties ! | at the capitol, after issuing the fol- j i lowing order to A. R. Losh, State en i ginecr; Told <o Obey Order, S “In accordance with the provisions of j a restraining order issued out of the j Federal Court at Muskogee you are hereby commanded to relieve and remove all employes and representatives of the highway department from the road or highway leading to the toll bridges here tofore operated across the Red River be. ween Durant and Denison. You and all employes of your department are hereby commanded to obey the orders of the court and abstain from all acts complained of.” The Governor said he might return to the "front" Wednesday or Thursday. Murray said travel over the road to the bridge was to be permitted as long as the parallel free bridge is open, but the Guardsmen were to remain until the controversy is over. _ Tom D. McKeown, Oklahoma Repre sentative, injected a new note into the controversy by an announcement that he would seek a congressional investi gation of injunctive actions of Federal Courts. He termed “preposterous” the injunc tion granted in Muskogee. Okla.. Satur day by Federal Judge Colin C. Neblett Elopement of Boy, 7, And Girl Friend, 10, Halted by Conductor By th. Associated Press. ROCK ISLAND. 111.. July 27. The romance of Stechani Skizj dek. 7. and his girl friend. Adele Versh, 10. ended last night when a ferreting conductor discovered them hidden in a sleeping car on a Chicago. Rock Island & Pacific train, which they had boarded at Chicago, their home town, after deciding they would elope to the Great Southwest. The conductor turned them over to the police, but Stechani didn't flinch. Instead. he reached down into his pocket and dug out his entire wealth, a nickel and five pennies, which he handed to a matron. "Here,” he said, "buy my girl a chocolate ice cream cone—and make it double.” of New Mexico, on petition of the Red River Toll Bridge Co. The order for bade State interference with persons wishing to use the toll bridge and en i joined the dissemination of informa tion along highways directing traffic to free bridges and away from the toll bridge. The bridge war grew out of the open ing by Gov. Murray July 16 of the free bridge by defiance of a Federal in junction directed against the State of Texas. Texas rangers closed it and guarded the south end until the court order was lifted Saturday. United States marshals had made no new appearance at the bridgehead yesterday after their authority was defied ‘Saturday by Lieut. Col. John A. MacDonald of the National Guards. MacDonald, when asked if he would accept service of an order from the Federal Court at Muskogee, told the j marshals he would “accept service, but ‘ ignore the order.” "I obey orders from only one man. 1 the Governor of Oklahoma." MacDon ald asserted, whereupon the marshals departed without serving the order. A holiday atmosphere pervaded the military zone. Hundreds of persons from Texas and Oklahoma gathered at ! the scene of the picturesque Oklahoma Governor s latest bid for fame. Laugh ter, wisecracks and cheers for the fiery Executive were heard frequently. Tha. entire countryside is enthusi astic over announced plans for a gigantic celebration of the free bridge opening at some unannounced date in the near future. Committees from Denison and Du rant set at work mapping plans for the "party.” in which Gov. Murray de clared he would take a leading role. AMY JOHNSON HOPS I . HENDON. England. July 27 C4 s ).— Amy Johnson. Great Britain's foremost woman flyer, took off today on a flight to Tckio byway of Moscow and Siberia in a plane similar to that in which she flew alone to Australia last yey- She. was accompanied by J. Hum phreys. Last Winter when she attempt ed the same flight she was forced down in Poland and had to give up. SIX HURT BY BUS! j ON RICHMAN YACHT % * * Three Ziegfeld Players and Columnist Burned —One in Critical Condition. By !hf Associated Press. GREENPORT. N. Y.. July 27.—Six j persons, including three members of the "Ziegfel Follies,” and Mark Hellinger, newspaper columnist, were in a hospital today, burned and injured in an ex plosion and fire aboard Harry Rich man's yacht yesterday. The party was preparing to start on a fishing trip when the blast shook the 36-foot cruiser. The injured were Miss Helen Walsh. Miss Virginia Biddle and Richman, all of the ‘ Follies"; Hellinger. Sam White, a fishing captain of Greenport. and Sam Levy, Richman s chauffeur. Miss Walsh's condition is critical. She was pulled from under a flaming mattress in the inner cabin, her dress aflame. Richman seized her and jumped with her into the water. Five fire companies beat out the flames, but the boat was wrecked. Gladys Glad Uninjured. Mrs. Hellinger. known in the "Follies” J as Gladys Glad, was the only member j of the party uninjured, but she likewise ! was taken to a> hospital suffering from hysteria. ! Hellinger and Richman said gas fumes in the cabin in which the group were sitting exploded, and fire sprang up so quickly all were burned before they could flee. The 36-foot sea-going cruiser, the Chevalmar 11. was bought two weeks ago by Richman from Alexander Aaron, Broadway producer, for a reported price of $4,500. After insuring the craft yesterday.' Richman invited the Hellingers and the two chorus girls to go deep sea fishing today. Five Were in Cabin. They left Beachhurst, Long Island, at 2:30 a.m. and tied up at an oil company dock here at 9:30 a.m. Nearly i 150 gallons of high test gasoline was put aboard and White was hired to pilot the Chevalmar out to a point off i Green Hill where Richman and Hell inger planned to fish. i'he three actresses. Levy and Rich- I man were in the cabin. White had just 1 stepped aboard and Hellinger was pre paring to cast off at 11 a.m. when the blast occurred. i Flames which shot out from the 1 cabin enveloped White. He was blown 1 10 feet back on the dock by the force i of the explosion. The shoes of all six on > board had j been blown off. Fire was sweeping the cabin. Hellinger, on deck, was sur rounded by flames, his colthes were burning, his left arm had been burned and his hair had been singed. Ripping off his burning suit, he made for the cabin. A flaming mattress lay on the floor. 'Hellinger threw it through an open hatch and discovered it had been covering Miss Walsh, whose cloth ing was afire. Leaps Into Water. Hellinger was about to pick up the girl when Richman grabbed her and jumped with her in his arms into the water. Levy meanwhile was leading Miss Biddle and Mrs. Hellinger over the roof of the cabin to the dock. The columnist and spectators who had gathered on the dock helped Rich man and Miss Walsh from the water. Although physicians said later Mrs. Hellinger had not been burned in the slightest, she ran screaming up and down the dock and was carried to an ambulance. She. Richman. Levy, Hel linger. Miss Walsh and Miss Biddle were all taken to the Eastern Long Island Hospital. Physicians attended White at his home. Hellinger was released late in the day. All the others re mained in the hospital overnight, but Richman, Levy and Mrs. Hellinger were discharged this morning. Physicians who examined Miss Walsh said she might have internal injuries t in addition to the burns. Miss Biddle will be further observation. BERLIN ACCLAIMS BRITISH OFFICIALS Stimson Flies % to Amsterdam. Declares Courage Will Revive Germany. By the Associated Press. BERLIN. July 27. —Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald of Great Britain reached Berlin this evening several hours behind Arthur Henderson, his foreign minister, and was accorded one of the most enthusiastic receptions a visiting foreigner has received in re cent years. Cheering Germans packed the big Friedrichs trass? railway station, jam med the surrounding streets and kept the whole district in an uproar of ac claim. Mounted police were called out. but the good-humored crowd resisted their efforts to keep the railway platform clear. When the train pulled in Chancellor Bruening. Foreign Minister Curtius, Foreign Secretary Henderson and other officials who had come to welcome the visiting prime minister were cut off from Mr. MacDonald’s car by a crowd of several hundred. Crowd of Several Hundred. Dr. Curtius, forsaking diplomatic dig nity and his own safety, shouldered his way into the narrow space between the crowd and thp still moving train. Top hat, frock coat and all, he. edged quickly past the line of cars and reached Mr. MacDonald’s coach just as the train stopped, and the prime min ister, wearing a brown business suit and soft-collared white shirt, stepped into a roar of welcome which all but cracked the glass roof of the station. The words with which they greeted each other were lost in the surrounding uproar. Meanwhile, police had cleared a path across the platform and the rest of the official welcomers came up to shake hands . Chancellor Brurning was there, Foreign Secretary Henderson, Bir Hor ace Fumboldt, the British Ambassador and —his high hat looming well above the rest of the crowd —Henrich Sahm. the tall lord mayor of Berlin. When the greetings were over Mr. MacDonald and the welcoming delega tion walked through the crowded wait ing room to the street and there pan demonium broke loose as the crowd recognized the prime minister. Entire Party Cheered. “Frei Hell!” they shouted. "Hail to Freedom!" They cheered Mr. Mac- Donald. Chancellor Bruening. Mr. Hen derson. Dr. Curtius and all the rest of th? party. “Long live the friend of freedom!” they shouted, pressing as > close to the official party as the police k would permit. Mounted police leaned their horses against the excit'd throng, trying to keep a lane open for the string of dip lomatic cars. Mr. MacDonald, bareheaded and smil ing his appreciation, looked so matter of-fact and neighborly in his plain brown suit among all the high hats that i a new burst of enthusiastic cheering I rose as he walked to the car. Arthur Henderson received a stormy I demonstration on his arrival. ; Curtius was at the station to greet him and as the two walked to their au tomobile there were cries of "long live Henderson—hoch the friend of peace— three cheers for the friend cf Germany Or.e National Socialist ventured to yell the ’’Nazi’’ slogan. ’ Wake up. Ger many," but some one hustled him out of the way. Confers With Dr. Curtius. The British secretary went into con ference immediately with Dr. Curtius. The two had luncheon together and resumed their conversations this after noon. Prime Minister MacDonald and Mr. Henderson will confer with Chancellor Bruening this evening. Tomorrow : morning they will be received by Presi ; dent von Hindenburg and tomorrow j night they will return to London. I The vistors are staying at a hotel only j a few steps from the chancellor’s office. Secretary of State Henry L. Stim son left for Amsterdam by airplane on the way to London shortly after an audience with President von Hinden burg. He maintained to the last his policy of extreme discretion, and when an American correspondent asked him to give his impressions of the audienca with the President he replied: "As an American citizen you know that one never quotes the President. That’s my answer here too. In my position one must be especially care ful." Then, after a pause, "needles* to say. the visit was most pleasant." Ambassador Von Prittwitz Und Graf fron, who was at Tempelhof Airdrome tot see Mr. Stimson off in the regular Dutch Airways passenger plane, dis closed that he had acted as interpre ter for the Secretary and the Presi i dent, but when he was asked what i they talked about he smiled and said, "that I cannot say.” All that either the Secretary or the Ambassador would say was that the President had not given Mr. Stimson an autographed photograph. Embassy Staff at Airdrome. Ambassador Frederic M. Sackett and the whole embassy staff were at the airdrome with representatives of the German government, but there was no crowd because the morning papers had announced that Mr. Stimson would leave on the Paris express. I From Amsterdam the Secretary plan* to motor to Hock of Holland and con tinue by ship to London. Although he maintained his reti cence he concluded his last interview with correspondents with a sentence re garded here as of the utmost signifi cance. | "Th? present financial trouble in Ger -1 many.” he said, "is due largely to a temporary lack of confidence, and I am certain that with courage and a re -1 turn of confidence Germany will re i cover her prosperity.” It is taken for granted he had some ! thing more definite to say to the Ger ! man statesmen, bankers and industrial i ists with whom he spent the crowded j hours of his visit. —^ On Saturday night he talked for a , long time with Gen. Wilhelm Groener, ! minister of defense, about disarmament. I Sunday morning and afternoon he spent l in intimate conversation with Chan -1 cellor Bruening. Foreign Minister Cur- I tius and Ambassador Sackett. Last night at dinner he met a score of out standing German bankers and indus trialists. including Hjalmar Schacht. former president of the Reichbank: Dr. Hans Luther, present head of the bank, and Herman Schmitz, managing direc tor of the German dye trust. Presented to Hindenburg. Stimson was present'd to President von Hindenburg by Sackett. Mr. Stirson and the Ambassador ar rived. unattended by secretaries, in Mr. Sackett’s famous limousine —No. 14 — 10 minutes before their appointment. The military guard paid customary honors, and inside the presidential pal ace the President's political secretary. Otto Meissner, and Count Kattenbach. foreign office chief of protocol, greeted the American visitors before they were ushered in to see the President. Mr. Stimson and Mr. Sackett wore top hats, cutaways and gloves and car ried canes. They were closeted with the President for almost half an hour. As they amerged from the palace a large crowd of onlookers raised hats respectfully to the American statesmen. Ambassador von Prittwitz und Gaffron also was present at the audience. Nearly 108.000 tons of rice paddy, valued at $2.86*000. were shipped from Slam In a recent month.