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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 15, 1931, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(C. 6. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Cloudy »nd slightly cooler tonight; to
morrow party cloudy and cooler.
Temperature*—Highest. 71, at 4 p.m.
■ yesterdsy; lowest, 61. *t 5:30 s.m. today.
I j Full report on page B-15.
Closing N.Y. Markets,Pages 13,14 &IS
f No. 31,943.
JAPAN RESENTS INTERFERENCE
OF U. S. IN FAR EAST CRISIS
BUT ALLOWS PARTICIPATION
Ft ini son's Advice to League to
Apply Pressure Is Declared ‘Un
reasonably Harsh and Strong.’
NOTES WITHHELD FROM PUBLIC
IN FEAR OF ANTI-U. S. FEELING
Geneva Invites United States Help in
Far East Crisis After Japan
Assails Interference.
GENEVA October 15 •**>.—'The League of Nations Council
was reported tonight to have decided to ask the United States
to participate in a search for means of settling the Sino-Japa
ne?e troubles in Manchuria. . ,
The Decision was reached by the five principal powers rep
resented on the Council, despite some objections by the Japa
nese member on juridical grounds, it was said. .... ,
This information was circulated informally at the close of
a private session of the five principal members, after which the
full Council went into private meeting. f
Jly Mi* A«socinteri Pr^s.
TOKIO October 15—The Japanese foreign office today instructed
Its delegation in Geneva to use every effort to see that the proposal
lor including an American representative in the League of Nations
Council during discussion of the Sino-Japanese trouble be dropped.
The Tokio government adopteo the view thr.t an unfavorable im
pression already had been made upon the Japanese generally by
American Secretary of State Stim'on’s note to the League on Octo
ber 9. advising it to “in no way fail to assert all the pressure of
authority within its competence’’ toward a settlement of the Sino-
Japanese trouble.
The foreign office spokesman characterized this as “politically
unfortunate, indeed.” Japanese officials apparently considered the
Stimson note “unreasonably harsh and rather strong, to say the
least,” in view of the Japanese contentions from the beginning that
the Manchurian affair was merely a controversy between two neigh
bors and that no outsiae interference was desired, more particularly
cn the part of the United States at this time.
Instructions Sent Delegates.
The proposal caused more or less commotion at the foreign min
istry, which lost no time in sending instructions to its Geneva rep
resentatives.
The foreign office took the view that, under the circumstances,
it should make Japan's attitude clear at the earliest possible moment,
officials feeling that the Japanese public would not tolerate “America
and the League working together in the Manchurian tangle, which
is purely an affair between China and Japan.”
The spokesman for the foreign office said:
“There is all the difference in the world in America as an out
sioer keeping itself informed as to the League’s activities, compared
with its actual participation in the Council’s sittings.”
In connection with the foreign office’s contention that public
opinion would not approve of America taking an active role at Geneva,
the spokesman emphasized that it was “most assuredly not due to
any unfriendliness on the part of Japan, but more as a matter of
principle.”
Anli-U. S. Feeling Feared.
The spokesman asserted that two Washington memorandums
(presumably notes urging peace and proposing confinement of troop
activities in Manchuria to the requirements of international law*
had been withheld from the Japanese public on the ground that they
might stir up anti-American feeling.
The spokesman referred to similar
Instances In which he said Japanese
opinion was easily Inflamed when it was
felt that outsiders were interfering in
this country's affairs.
Only a part of the message filed by
Kcnkichi Yoshizawa. Japan's represent
ative at Geneva, reporting the league's
.proceedings, had been received here,
seme of them apparently having been
delaved en route.
Because of this the Tokio govern
ment withheld its reply pending re
ceipt of Yoshizawa’s message in full, and
F'-nt. instructions to the Geneva dele
gation to do its utmost to persuade
I eaeue officials to abandon their pro
posal* for actual participation by
America.
Attitude of Fairness Strewed.
i The foreign office emphasized that
! Japan was facing the Manchurian situa
tion with the fairest stand and partici
pating in the League Council’s pro
codings. . ,
•It is difficult.” the foreign office
. commented, "to understand why in the
•; present instance of the Far East alone
} exception should be made and America
’ should be invited to take part in the
r council meetings.” . . .
Continuing, the Informal statement
M 'Tf America has any intention of
making the present participation in the
league’s debate serve as a precedent
pr.fl accordingly attending the Leagues
sessions in the future, surely there is
cause for congratulations. But it
American participation is exceptional
r-d limited to Far Eastern troubles only,
there appears to be something unfair
and irrational regarding such a step.
"BIG FIVE” GET TOGETHER.
League Stirred by New* From Tokio
On U. S. Participation.
GENEVA, October 15 </P). —News
from Tokio that Japan would consider
American participation in the settle
ment of the Sino-Japanese dispute "un
fair and irrational" stimulated Interest
in League circles today.
The Japanese suggestion that the
United States should be congratulated
if she intends for this Incident to be a
precedent was interpreted in some quar
ters as tantamount to insisting on
America's entry into the League.
The Council's "big five.” including
Toreign Minister Briand. Lord Reading
and Dino Grandi. met privately in the
League secretariat at noon to talk over
the situation.
The Council decided yesterday to in
vite a delegate of the United States
Government to sit in at its sessions in
a consultative capacity, but the sugges
tion met with strong opposition from
the Japanese representative, Kenkichl
Yoshizawa. It was agreed to withhold
p. formal invitation until the receipt of
official word from Tokio.
It was admitted in league circles the
council was within its rights in asking
America’s co-operation whatever the
outcome. Such an invitation would be
based on the Briand-Kellogg peace pact,
the sponsors of which are connected
with league activities.
The possibility of the United States
lolnlng in the peace program of the
League for the first time almost over
shadowed the issue itself. The unpre
cedented participation of a non-member
in the League's deliberations was re
garded as posing a number of delicate
questions as to such a nation's responsi
bilities, rights and relations to mem
bers.
An examination of the Leagues ma
chinery for enforcing its decisions in
the event that Japan finally rejects its
Intervention revealed that article 18
»ci the covenant provides for sanctions
Entered as second class matter
post office, Washington. D. C.
i both of a military and economic nature.
It was recognized that no member of
i the League would consider using mili
tary force to bring Japan to terms and
that economic pressure was the only
possible alternative. Many observers
doubted seriously, however, whether any
I nation would agree to a boycott or a
severance of trade relations.
The fact that all countries are heav
ily depressed economically led to the
conclusion that any interference with
the normal commercial relations of the
Asiatic country would intensify her own
troubles if not those of all nations do
ing business with her. The boycott of
i Japanese goods in China was cited as
proof of this premise.
DIRECT NEGOTIATIONS
WITH TOKIO DENIED
Chinese Legation Labels Reports
on Manchurian Peace Moves
as Propaganda.
' The Chinese legation today denied a
report, published in yesterday’s news
papers, that Gen. Tsiang T'so-ping,
Chinese Minister to Tokio. had started
direct negotiations with the Japanese
foreign office concerning the Man
churian dispute.
A report that an important member
of the Chinese Nationalist party had
intimated to the Japanese Minister to
China that negotiations would be opened
with Japan in the event the League of
Nations failed to adjust the differences
between the two Oriental powers also
was refuted.
Both reports were characterized by]
; attaches of the Chinese legation as
I "Japanese propaganda, designed to
throw dust in the eyes of the world."
PARIS BALANCES BUDGET
Has Not Resorted to Loans or Tax
Boost, Cabinet Hears.
PARIS, October 15 iflh.—France has
, balanced th? budget without resorting
to loans, boosting taxes or drawing on
the sinking fund, Francois Pictri, mln
> ister of the budget, told the cabinet to-
J day.
| Women of Diplomacy j
! j Washington’s social life is enriched and made tremendously p -
’ Interesting by the presence and personalities of the women of the =& \
l foreign embassies and legations. j
11 They Are Now to Be Introduced to You in a
Series of Interesting Interviews by
i Pauline A. Frederick
' [ READ THIS SERIES OF CHARMING PERSONALITY ARTICLES
|| —ONE EACH WEEK IN THE SOCIETY SECTION OF gj
[ The Sunday Star
W)t fretting J&kf.
WASHINGTON'. D. THURSDAY. OCTOBER 15, 11)31- SIXTY-EIGHT PAGES. ««*
I !
f | Trouble Zone
■|
Map of Manchuria, scene of Chtne.se-
Japanese difficulty.
EAR EASI CRISIS
IS BLAMED ON NEW
i
TOKIO AGGRESSION!
But China Is Represented
as Seeking to Avoid

Clear Settlement.
i
BY PAIL SCOTT MOWRFR.
By cr*b!«e to The St nr.
GENEVA, Switzerland, October 15. — <
I am enabled to reveal today from au
i thorltative inside sources the "low
-1 down” of the Sino-Japanese crisis—
namely, what each power really thinks
i of the other's actions and motives
divested of diplomatic verbiage
The Chinese viewpoint is as follows:
Manchuria's three provinces are an
intergral part of China, the part, in
deed. from which the rest of China
for many long years was ruled. Japan's
so-called rights there are a result of a
series of aggressions ended in '.njuat
agreements, which China was obliged
to accept against its will and which
the Nanking government does no*, rec
ognize.
Y The present crisis is a result of new
and premeditated aggression by Japan
with a view to consolidating its anom
alous position in Manchuria by mili- ,
tary force. The time was carefully !
chosen. All the world was deeply pre
occupied with the great economic de
pression and 16 Chinese produces ‘
were flooded and millions of its in- j
habitants homeless.
Japan’s Aim Defined.
Japan’s aim is to terrorize the popu
lation, discredit the Nanking govern
ment, establish its own puppet gov
ernment at Mukden, exclude all form*
of foreign intervention and gradually
force China Into direct negotiations
wherein, under the pressure of Jap
anese military occupation, the Nan- j
king government will be obliged to
. accept Japan’s dictation. Japan s con- .
duct is a challenge to new China and I
1 an affront to other powers.
China will resolutely refuse any sort
of direct negotiations with Japan until,
first, the Japanese troops are withdrawn
into the railway zone, thereby establish
ing the status quo ante. and. second, re
sponsibility is fixed for the present crisis
and reparations are agreed upon.
Against this must be balanced the
Japanese viewpoint, thus:
Japan's predominant interests in the
Far East, which have been duly recog- !
(Continued on Page 4, Column 2.)
' ECUADORAN REVOLT
; IS REPORTED BROKEN
President Alba’* Government Re
ports It Has Complete
Control.
By the Associated Press.
QUITO. Ecuador. October 15.—Presi
dent Luis Larrea Alba's government Is- ;
j sued a statement this afternoon assert-
I ing it was in complete control of the
I situation.
GUAYAQUIL, Ecuador, October 15
, Word from Quito today said President;
I Luis Larrea Alba and his cabinet had
| fled from the presidential palace and
taken refuge in the military barracks
| there in the face of an armed rebel- 1
i lion.
i The government put down an armed j
military movement, the dispatch said.!
j and Col. Carlos Guerrero, former min- |
ister of war. and Manuel Navarro, presl- j
dent of the Chamber of Deputies, were
arrested.
m——i—aa—*■& !
lu. S. Asks Tokio
to Withdraw
*
Objection.
GENEVA PLANS
GIVEN DEBUCHI
Gilbert Would Helpj
1 League to Invoke j
Kellogg Paet.
rr
Bt the Associated Prest.
The American Government Is
making an effort to have Japan j
withoraw objections to a repre-'
sentative from this country par
ticipating in efforts by the League
of Nations for peace In Man- 1
churia.
Informed of the Japanese stand,
Secretary Stlmson today called in
Ambassador Debuchi of Japan and j
i explained to him the status which ;
j Prentiss Gilbert. American consul!
general at Geneva, would have if!
invited to participate in the 1
League's discussions.
Gilbert’s part would be that of j
an observer to help efforts by thei
League to invoke the Kellogg-
Brland pact for the renunciation
of war.
Procedure Is Explained.
The Secretary of State explained j
the American representative at
Geneva woulo not participate in
any procedure under the League
covenant's instruments to avert
war.
The Ambassador is communicating;
, this information to his government. j
The Japanese position in the Man- j
churlan troubles, as outlined to the j
American Government by the Ambassa-1
dor, Is that Japan will withdraw its I
troops to within the railway sone at '
any moment guarantees are given for |
' the safety of Japanese lives and p:op- ;
erty In the sections now occupied; that 1
military measures so far taken are of j
a defensive nature and that war with
China is unthinkable.
Upon leaving the Slate Department
the Ambassador emphatically denied
any communication to Tokio from the |
American Government had not been
) published because of it* tenor.
"Only one formal communication has
been received from the American Gov- j
eminent and It has been published." |
! the Ambassador said.
He referred to a jiote sent to both 1
Japan and China early in the troubles
urging that hostllles cease.
Mistaken Impression Seen.
Japan's strong stand against Amerl- i
can participation in the League’s efforts •
was regarded at the State D-partment
as Indicative of a misunderstanding of |
the American position.
Department spokesmen reiterated the |
only desire of the United States Is to {
see that Japan and China do not resort
to war.
President Hoover Is keeping in direct
touch with all developments.
It was a desire to aid in efforts to use
! the Kellogg-Briand anti-war pact in Its
first big test that led this Government!
to depart from its policy of isolation
from the League to the extent of indi- I
eating that it would participate actively i
if invited.
Row In Congress Seen.
The possibility of controversy in
Congress over the administration’s
willingness to sit with the League In
Chinese-Japanese discussions has given
new flavor to the long-drawn-out Man
churian difficulties.
While officials awaited reports from
Geneva upon Tokio's attitude they were
not oblivious to the avidity with which
Capitol Hill sought further exposition of
this Government's policy.
Secretary Stimson and his advisers took
the position, however, that the forces
of world peace have reached a crucial
stage. It was with this in view that
the State Department empowered
Prentiss Gilbert, American consul gen
eral at Geneva, to join the League's
discussions were the invitation unani
mously extended. Secretary Stlmson
was not disposed, though, to injc; t this
! Government into the sessions so long
as Japan maintained its objections.
Since the United States is not a mem
ber of the League, Gilbert was Instruct
ed to avoid discussions of the Oriental
nations’ obligations under the League
covenant. But this country’s entire in
fluence will be thrown behind any ef
fort by the League to invoke against
China and Japan their pledges In sign
ing the Kellogg-Briand pact.
Doubts League's Service.
At the Capitol speculation was cur- !
rent as to the possible effect of the j
administration’s decision upon this
country’s adherence to the World Court
! through the revised Root protocol. It
had bien expected that President Hoo
ver would submit the protocol to the
Senate for action at the Impending ses
sion.
U. S. MINISTER IN NANKING.
'Hopeful Sign Seen In Arrival of John
son and British Diplomat.
NANKING. China. October 15 (A*). —
Nanking watched with interest today
the actions of United States Minister
Nelson T. Johnson and the British Min
ister. Sir Miles Wedderburn Lampson.
(Continued on Page 4, Column 1.)
HOOVER AID DECLINED
Coal Industry to Reek Own Solu
tion, Slemp Reports.
C. Bascom Slemp, former secretary to
President Coolldge. said after a con
ference with President Hoover today he
had reported the coal Industry was pre
paring to work out Its own ecenotnic
problems.
An operator himself, he plans to at
tend the conference of operator! to
; New York next Wednesday.
■ 'I.
HOOVER RECEIVES
| NAVY BUDGET GUI

Adams Report Contains Desi
; nite Program for Activi
ties Reduction.
Secretary Adams today transmitted
;to President Hoover the suggested
! slash In the Navy’s budget for the fiscal
year ending June 30. 1933.
11 w.. learned that the economy
budget propones a definite program of
reduction rather than alternative pro
posals. It is generally understood that
lit contemplates the cutting down of
! the service by about 3,000 enlisted
• men and probably more, laying up
! around one-flfth of the fleet by a ro
| latlon process, and the abandonment of
' so-called obsolete shore stations.
Conference* Recently Held.
Secretary Adams conceded that the
1 reduction was not quite *6l 000.000, as
l at first aet. The original budget for
the fiscal year 1933 was *401.000 000.
I and President Hoover expressed the
wish that this be drastically trimmed
and a figure of *61.000.000 was men
| tioned. Secretary Adams, however, said
i that the White House had not asked
; that reduction of any certain figure
|be made. A number of conferences
; have been held recently between Ad
! miral William V. Pratt, chief of naval
operations; Rear Admiral Ridley Mr
lean, the Navy's budget officer, and
the various chiefs of the bureaus of
! the department, who are all rear ad
! mirals.
Only 5 of the 11 destroyers authorized
| by Congress will be built at this time
j and it is possible that the battleships
I U. S. S. New Mexico, Idaho and the
Mississippi, which are being modernized,
will not be completed as rapidly as
originally planned, under the attenuated
program and that construction of the
new cruisers, now on the w-ays, will
not proceed as rapidly as at first
i intended.
Hearings May Start Soon.
Col. J. Clawson Roop, director of the
Bureau of the Budget, will likely get
the revised budget figures for the Navy
within a week, and the regular budget
hearings will then go forward there.
The Bureau of the Budget may trim
the Navy's figures even further, before
they are transmitted to Congress in
December or early'ln the new year.
The Navy Department threw a shroud
of silence around the revised economy
program, and details of the plan were
withheld. It Is understood that copies
of the new figures were placed in the
hands of the various chiefs of bureaus,
as well as Admiral Pratt, Admiral
McLean. Secretary Adams. Assistant
Secretary Ernest Lee Jahncke and the
Assistant Secretary for Aeronautic*,
David S. Ingalls. The high-ranking
naval officials are of the opinion that
the exact figures will not be made pub
lic before they are sent to Col. Roop.
The Navy’s aviation activities and the
Marine Corps, for which a tentative cut
of 1,000 men has been suggested, will
be curtailed proportionately under the
economy measure.
Style News
Style and fashion are best
j founo in the shops. The stores
i are filled with new things in
every line of wear for men and
women. People are fortunate
in being able to follow the
styles by actually seeing what
is in Washington’s fine stores.
More store news Is found in
The Star than in all the other .
Washington newspapers com
bined.
Yesterday’s Advertising.
(Local Display)
Linas.
The Evening Star . 61,915
2d Newspaper 23,162
3d Newspaper...... 12,387
4th Newspaper 6,422
sth Newspaper 2,264
Total iszjss. 44,235
The above result is due to the
response from readers who use
The Star as their shopping
gulda.
Woman Is Accused
Os Singing Insults
Across to Neighbor
By the Associated Press
EVANSTON. Til., October 15
' Mrs. Elf reds Dohrlng ssys she
doesn’t like to be insulted in the
key of F or nny other musical
scale.
So she went before Police Mag
istrate Harry H. Porter yesterday
and swore out a warrant for her
neighbor. Mrs. Pearl C. Dorband.
saying that for two years Mrs.
Dorband has been singing insults
at her from her back porch.
Sometimes, she said, the in
sult* were by implication in popu
lar songs and sometimes Mrs.
Dorband just made up her own
words.
Mrs. Dorband admitted she did
some singing, but denied the
other allegations.
?0 THIRD-DEGREE
INDICTMENTS SEEN
,j * ,
Number of Detectives and
Lieutenant Expected to Be !
Named by Grand Jury.
I■ . i
The District grand jury today com-
Dleted it* investigation of charges that
Washington police have used the “third
degree'' on a large number of prisoners.
Indictment, possibly tomorrow, of
about a score of policemen is forecast
by those in touch with grand jury de
velopments. Included In the list, it is
expected, will be a number of headquar
: ters detectives and possibly a police
lieutenant.
The grand jury has duplicated the
proceedings instituted by the disquali- ,
fled July jury and is understood to have 11
concurred, generally, in the findings of ‘
that body. The previous grand Jury ]
had indicted five policemen and was
ready to Indict about 15 others when ,
the proceedings were halted by dis
covery of an ineligible member on the .
grand jury.
Five Policemen Involved.
Four instances of alleged police bru- | 1
tality were called to the attention of *
the grand jury today by United States
Attorney Leo A. Rover, acting on in- i ’
formation supplied by the United States *
Bureau of Investigation. Five police- j
men of four precincts are involved in ’
these cases. '
The first case was that of Henry 1
Johnson, colored, who has accused two *
i policemen of the ninth precinct of 1
; beating him. Johnson and a number !
. of other witnesses wera questioned by •'
the inquisitorial body. j 1
The other cases heard today were ;
, those of Arthur X. Paul, colored, who
: has charged he was beaten by police
men at the second precinct; Clarence
| W. Brown, colored, wjio named a ’
twelfth precinct policeman, and Harry 1
Johnson, colored, alleged victim of a <
beating at the first precinct.
13 Other Cases Completed.
The grand jury had completed hear
ing of testimony In 13 other cases be
; fore It convened this morning. One of
the other cases also may result in the
i indictment of one or two men who have
| been charged with an attempt to in
timidate George B. Baber, important
'Government witness.
• The accused men. who are under
bond on charges of obstructing justice,
are Cecil Mason and Maurice O'Connor.
, Although the regular day for report
ing Indictments is Tuesday, there were
indications at the Court House today
I that the grand jury might facilitate
action in the third-degree cases with
a view to hiaklng a presentment in
court tomorrow. There was no official
confirmation of this report, however.
FORMER U. S*. CONSUL
KILLED IN SUBWAY
i
Harold H. Foss Falla or Leaps Into
Path of Train at
New Tork.
| B» the Associated Press
NEW YORK. October 15. —Harold R.
Fosa, 45, former United States consul
at Constantinople. Turkey, died here to
day of Injuries received last night when
he either fell or jumped in front of
a subway train.
Foss had been living in Portland.
Me. He was standing on the platform j
of the Wall Street Subway Station at
6:45 p.m. when he w-as suddenly seen !
to lean forward and fall just as a
train approached.
He was taken to a hospital, but never
! regained consciousness. Foss was un-:
married and had been in the consular
service for several years.
I Radio Programs on Page E-8
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press news
service.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 114,348
<4*s Meant Associated Press.
YORKTOWN TURNS !
BACK U. $. HISTORY;
Gay Uniforms of Former Age
• Add Color as French
Notables Arrive.
BY JOSEPH S. EDGERTOX,
Staff Correspondent of Ths Stir,
YORKTOWN. V».. October 15.—The j
of American history were inter- j
mingled strangely tcxlay. as troops in j
the picturesque uniforms of the Conti- |
nental Army, the blue of the brigades of !
Lafayette and Rofchambeau, the tattered ■
coonskins of the mountain men of !
Washington’s forces and the scarlet of j
the British legions of Cornwallis min- j
gled with the grays of crack New York j
troops which fought In 1812 and with I
the khaki of the mechanized Army of j
today and the blues of the 1931 Navy. )
Modem Ships in River.
Out of the blue waters of the river in i
front of Yorktown, where m 1781 rode j
the wooden ships Os the fleet of De
' Orasse. blockading the British frrm the ;
water, while the Americans and French
hemmed them in from the land, there
r:de today the impressive gray steel
giants of the American fleet of 1931.
One of the most colorful celebrations
in the history of the storied peninsula
of Northern Virginia was m the making
today as the might of two nations wss ;
gathered to celebrate the victory at ,
Yorktown 150 years ago on October 19. I
which marked the beginning of Ameri- >
can life as an independent nation.
Tomorrow will witness the opening of ,
a four-day celebration at Yorktown and i
at Williamsburg, several miles awav. |
which will bring together some of the j
greatest civil and military leaders of |
France and the United States.
Climax to Be Monday.
The celebration will reach its climax
on Monday, when, before President
Hoover. Gen. John J. Pershing, leader
of the American forces in France;
Marshal Henri Petaln. leader of the
French Armies, and others noted in the
councils of the two nations will witness |
the Anal pageant depicting the surren
der of Cornwallis to Washington and !
the beginning of American life as a i
separate Nation.
On the paved highwavs of todav '
which lead to Yorktown a tide of mod- j
p F n .. ra i nc * rom pver y Part of the!
Un ted States was moving into the area
which marked the earliest beginnings l
of American life in the Old Dominion.
Over these roads, the same which
Cornwallis retreated before the advance
of Lafayette and Wayne in the Sum
mer of 1781, there moved great trucks
of the Army today, moving equipment
for the troops which will portray the
scenes in which their earliest predeces
sors took so gallant a part.
Picked vessels of the United States ,
Navy’s scouting force steamed into ,
Hampton Roads today escorting the 1
French cruisers Suffern and Duquesne,
bearing a distinguished French delega
tion headed by Marshal Petain and In
cluding Adelbert de Cbambrun. great
grandson of the Marquis de Lafayette.
Army Heads Present.
Petaln. famed as the ' Savior of Ver
dun." was greeted as he came ashore
at Old Point Comfort this afternoon by
Oen. Pershing, representing the United
States and the Commonwealth of Vir
ginia. Hie welcoming party included
Maj. Oen. Douglas MacArthur. chief of
staff of the Army; Oen. Stanley D. Em
bick, commanding Port Monroe; Gov.
Pollard of Virginia, leaders of the
United States Yorktown Sesquicenten
nial Commission and a number of other
notables and aides.
Twin celebrations will begin tomorrow
morning at both Yorktown and Wil
liamsburg and will continue day and
night through Monday. Dedication of
the National Colonial Monument, au
thorized by Congress last year; the
presentation, acceptance and dedication
of a score of monuments and memorials,
military and naval demonstrations and
pageants depicting the events of a cen
tury and a half ago are scheduled.
Banquets Are Planned.
In addition to the participation of
President Hoover, who is to speak Mon
day. members of the cabinet, ranking
(Continued on Page S, Column 2.)
I "City Girl" i
A First-Run Story Which Will <\
y. Hold the Reader to the <7
)) Very Last Chapter />
« Begins on Page »
<> E-3 of
! Tod ay's Star j
TWO CENTS.
D. C. BICENTENNIAL
DIRECTOR CALLED
UNLIT BY BLOOM
Open Breach Develops Be
tween National and Dis
trict Commissions.
COMMERCIALISM LAID
TO ARNOLD KRUCKMAN
New York Representative Declares
Employe "in No Way Qualified”
for Hii Position.
Charging Arnold Kruckman. director
of the District George Washington Bi
centennial Commission, with combining
commercialism of a dubious kind with
his duties" as head of the organization,
representative Sol Bloom of New York,
associate director of the United states
Bicentennial Commission, today issued
a formal statement of protest against
what he described as propaganda ema
nating from the local commission de
liberately designed to embarrass the
I national body.
Emphasizing that his contacts with
' Cloyd Heck Marvin, chairman, and
j other members of the commission hs’«
| been cordial and co-cperative, Mr.
I Bloom directed his indictment against
I Kruckman. describing him as "a man
, In no way qualified for the responsi
bility he has assumed."
The open friction which has been
I evident for some time between the two
commissions was brougr.t to a head
yesterday when a representative of the
District Commission was declined ad
mission to a gathering of State com
mission chairmen because he failed to
produce credentials and refused an in
vitation to identify himself bv tele
phone.
Says Public Should Know.
j “As much as I regret the necessity."
i Mr. Bloom said, “for making a plain
! statement of facts as to the relation
! ship between the United States George
j Washington Bicen’ennial Commission
and the District of Columbia Bicen
| tennial Commission, the time has come
j when the public should have some au
j thentic information upon the subject.
] "Through the employment of Mr.
I Kruckman as executive director of the
i District commission an element of seri
; ous discoid has entered Into the mat
' ter and I cannot longer recognize m
: him a man in any wav qualified for
j the responsibilities which he has as
sumed.
! "Kruckman was brought to Washing
; ton from the West Cba.*t to direct
! the District’s bicentennial activities,
j I know nothing of his antecedents, but
j sm convinced that he is utterly unfit for
i the work which he has undertaken.
, Just why a stranger should be brought
to the District of Columbia and in
trusted with this important mission I
do not know, for there are hundreds
of people who know i..e District and
its people and nave the menial and
moral qualifications necessary ior the
position, who would have done a far
better job than Mr. Kruckman has
1 done so far."
Against "Street Fair."
"I believe the time has come when
j we should speak with the utmost frank
i ness, arid I want to say that I cannot
conceive of a beautiful, dignified anti
! appropriate celebration within the Dis-
I trict of Columbia along the lines that
i have been laid out by Mr. Kruckman."
! Bloom stated.
"I do not believe that the celebration!
| in the National Capital next year should
be in the nature of a street fair; that
there should be petty concessions of all
kinds granted to those who can pay the
most money for them. If Mr. Kruek
man would concentrate on appropriate
(Continued on Page 2. Column 1.)
!EDISON IS SINKING
TO PRE-DEATH COMA
Aged Inventor Awakes for Short
Time This Morning. La"*!"?
Again.
By the Associated Press.
WEST ORANGE. N. J.. October 15.--
Thomas A. Edison today w'as on the
threshold of the coma from which his
physician does not expect him to awake.
Dr. Hubert S. Howe, the aged In
ventor’s personal physician, said that
the “deep stupor" Into which Edison
has now lapsed is closer to a coma than
he has been at any time in the past
few days and that Edison's pulse is
showing definite signs of weakening
under the strain.
The physician said he could not at
this time tell how long It would be until
the end comes, but he intends to keep
In clcser touch with the Edison home
throughout today and tonight.
In his morning bulletin. Dr. Howe
said:
"During the past 24 hours Mr. Edison
has not roused. He shows no signs of
discomfort, simply resting quietly.
There is no evident emergency."
But lster he explained he was worried
about the change in thelnventor's pulse
and had no way of being certain as to
how far off the "evident emergency’’
might be.
The only nourishment Edison had
been able to take for the last 14R
hours consisted of six teaspoonfuls of
stewed pears, the doctor said. During
the last 24 hours he had neither food
nor fluid.,
All members of the inventor's imme
diate family were at the Edison estate
today when Dr. Howe made his report.
During the morning Mrs. Edison and
her daughter. Mrs. John Eyre Sloane,
took a walk in their garden and picked
some of the inventor's special species of
dahlias which bear his name.
DR. THOMAS EVANS HURT
WHEN THROWN BY HORSE
Capital Physician Taken to Emer
gency Hospital From Rock Creek
Park With Severe Injuries.
While riding in Rock Creek Park this
morning Dr. Thomas Evans. 4#, of 1347
L street, was thrown from his horse and
severely injured.
The pnyslcian was taken to Emer
gency Hospital by a motorist and treat
ed there by Dr. Bradley of the staff
and Dr. J. M. Baber. 1819 G street, who
sai dthat his pelvis was fractured, and
he was suffering from shock.

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