| DOWN BY MINERS
Hoots and Catcalls Halt
Premier’s Attempt to Speak'
By the Associated Pics*.
SEAHAM. England. October 15.
Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
was unable *o obtain a hearing when j
he attempted to deliver a campaign j
speech at the Shotton Colliery here
For 15 minutes he made an effort to
address a meeting in his campaign for
re-election to the House of Commons
from the Seaham harbor constituency,
but his brief speech was continuously
interrupted by hoots and cat-calls and
he finally abandoned it.
His voice, rapidly weakening, the
prime minister ceased talking and of
fered to answer questions, but even
his answers were greeted with shouts.
Howls have never cowed me and
never will." Mr. MacDonald said as
he left the meeting.
Prime Minister MacDonald decided
yesterday to spend virtually the entire
election campaign here.
Originally Mr. MacDonald had in
tended to make only a three-dav visit
at this time. Last night, however, he
determined to lemain two days more
and. after a few days in London, to
come back again.
He described his last three days in
the Durham coal fields as a "triumphal
procession." But the Labor organiza
tion has repudiated him for forming the
national government with the aid of
Conservatives and Liberals, and the
local organization is one of Labor's
Mr. MacDonald’s campaign, in which
centers one of the most dramatic fights
in British political history, is looked
• upon as meaning much more to the
success of the national government than
* one seat in the House of Commons.
If the prime minister is beaten it is
recognized that his prestige, and the
prestige of any government he heads,
■will suffer a crushing blow, even though
a "safe" seat could quickly be found
With a skeleton organization of vol
• unteers he is fighting a Labor party
machine which is complete in every
polling district. During three days of
* day-and-night meetings he has ap
pealed to 15.000 voters, most of them
miners. He hopes to talk to most of
, the division's 60,000 voters before the
“Did Not Sell Out.”
Half the number of the Seaham Har
bor constituents are women and about
20.000 are miners. At each meeting
Mr. MacDonald has assured his hear
ers that, in forming the national gov
ernment, he did not “sell out to the
The prime minister kicked off yesterday
at. a foot ball match between two teams
of miners—men just out of the pits—
and then addressed a meeting at Black
hill at which he received the most en- ■
thuslastic welcom ■ of his campaign I
"I am delighted with the reception
the ")urham miners and their wives
have accorded me.” he said in an inter
view. “I am confident of the outcome
of the election. At all my meetings
where I have explained the issues of
the election and the aims of the na
tional government I have found the
voters enthusiastically responsive to my
D. C. BICENTENNIAL
UNFIT BY BLOOM
_ (Continued From First Page.)
events and conduct them upon a high
and dignified plane, it would be credit
able to this great National Capital and
It would be just and fair to the mer
chants and the people of the District
Bloom declared he felt the hostility
which he alleges Kruckman has shown
toward the United States Commission
is due solely to the fact that "we have
stopped some of the commercial opera
tions set in motion by the District Com
mission now being directed by Mr.
Defends Action Yesterday.
Bloom defended his action in declin
ing to admit Cecil Owen, a representa
tive of the District Commission, to the
gathering of State Commission chair
men yesterday, bu stating that he
talked with Dr. Marvin on the tele
phone the night before the meeting
and was informed that no representa
tive of the local group would be present.
When Owen appeared at the Bicenten
nial offices next day. Bloom said he
asked him for credentials, and when
he was told the representative of the
commission brought none, he asked
him to call Dr. Marvin for proper iden
"I merely wanted to know whether or
not he was sent by Dr. Marvin." Bloom
said. "I am convinced now that Dr.
Marvin knew nothing about it and that
he was sent by Mr. Kruckman."
In addition. Bloom said, Owen Is a
reporter on a local paper, dividing his
time between the local commission and
the newspaper. In view of this fact,
the New York Representative said, and
because no newspaper reporters were
to be included in the party to the out
of-town guests, it would “not have been
proper to have this newspaper man in
cluded in the group without asking all
the other papers to be represented."
Charges Concession Sale*.
Bloom, in his statement, declared he
believed Kruckman dominates the local
commission to the extent “that appar
ently thev do not realize how deplorably
lacking he is in the qualifications neces
nry for this great work."
Pointing out that the public is inter
ested solely m having a celebration
within the District of a beautiful and
dignified character, and appropriate to
the national tribute which will be paid
to Gen. Washington next year. Bloom
charges that Kruckman. instead of or
ganizing the District activities on this
basis, is combining commercialism of a
dubious kind, including the selling of
concessions within the District to those
willing to pay the price, with his duties
Bloom gave representatives of the
press photostatic copies of a letter al
legedly written by Kruckman to the
Bailey, Banks «fc Biddle Co. of Phila
delphia, in which Kruckman says.
"We shall b’ very glad to consider a
proposition from you for the concision
of selling the lapel buttons with the
sanction of this commission in the Dis
trict of Columbia. As you know, we are
organizing the celebration here on an
extensive seal?. I can appreciate that
this concession will have a very g-reat
commercial value. We shall be very
glad to entertain your proposition."
Gets Small Percentage.
In addition to such concessions being
“hawked about.” Bloom charges the
local commission has indorsed the sell
ing of pictures and stickers from which
the District of Columbia Commission for
its indorsement gets a small percentage
of the amount of sales.
He cited, as an example, the retailing
by a commercial concern of a velvet
painting of George Washington, which
is sold for $45. Out of that $45. the
District Commission frankly gets $5
for its indorsement. The other S4O
has not been publicly accounted for.
"In the sale of stickers,” Bloom said,
“the District Commission has indorsed
• a company selling stickers for $lO per
th©U|«d. These stick-rs cost not tn
cxceHof $1 per thousand. The Dli-
Off on 5,000-Mile Hop
AIBMEN FLYING FROM NEW YORK TO VKNKZIU i.
***"•' - s ‘
POCATERRA ileft) and Tom Hoover photographed beside their |
I plane a short time before thev hopped off from Roosevelt Field, N. Y..
I yesterday on an easy-stage hop to Venezuela. Pocaterra. who Is the
| son of a Venezuelan ranchman, and Hoover of Trinidad. Colo., plan to
make their first stop at St. Louis, Mo., on their projected 5,000 mile flight.
—A. P. Photo.
NEW CANCER DATA
GIVEN IN REPORT
Possibility of Unrecognized
Source of Raidoactivity
By the Associated Press.
* NEW YORK. October 15—Clues to
causes of cancer in radioactivity were
disclosed yesterday in the final report
on the. New Jersey radium clock dial
Lately some of these victims have
been developing cancer in Increasing
numbers, and the report discusses the
possibility that now unrecognized
sources of radioactive bombardment in
the human body may cause cancer.
The dial painters have a form of
radium emanations never before found
In human beings. These are "alpta
particles.” heavy nuclei of atoms
traveling 12.000 miles a second, which
In medical use of radium are screened
off by the tubes encasing the radium.
The report is made by Harrison S
Martland. M. E.. of the Department of
Pathology of Newark City Hospital, in
the American Journal of Cancer.
Four Cases Under Observation.
Os 16 deaths to date among women
in the New Jersey pls.V. he says five |
died of cancer. He fim ; a sixth cancer
death due to swallowing radium paint
by a woman who worked in New York
and Connecticut clock factories. Four j
more ’‘dial'’ cases suspected of develop- ,
ing cancer are under observation.
Several other events pointing a finger
of suspicion at radioactivity are cited.
One is the unusually large amount of
cancer of the lungs among cobalt min
ers of Schneebeig and among pitch
blende miners of Joachmisthal. These 1
men all work in dust that is slightly ;
Other events are novel experiments in
- California and Colorado showing spec
tacular efforts of the earths natural
radioactivity in causing the
of heredity in small animals. Muta
tions result in bodily changes, some
times even in new species.
There is always a slight radioactivity
at the earth's surface due to decay of
minute amounts of radium in rocks, but
in a California tunnel and in a Colo
rado carnotite min? places were found
where the earth's radioactivity was dou
bled. In both places the rate of "mu
tations" also doubled.
“At present.” he writes. “I can only
suggest that some other types of malig
nancy may be caused by minute
amounts of radioactive substances to
which the human body in its normal I
environment Is exposed. The in-1
creased amounts are too small, per- '
haps, to detect by our present methods " 1
The radium paint victims have bone :
cancer. Their cases. Dr. Martland
said, are due to bombardment of the
alpha particles. The smash of ones.?
particles against water molecules in the
body decomposes the water into hydro-,
gen. oxygen and hydrozen dioxide.
They decompose other substances, and
by direct hits are capable of even
smashing elementary atoms.
trict Commission gets $2 per thousand,
leaving $7 publicly unaccounted for.”
Bloom said further that the con
gressional appropriation of SIOO,OOO to
pay for a suitable celebration in the
Capital next year is more than has
been appropriated by any State in the
Union, and It is to bs used in one city
“Tempest In a Teapot.”
Dr. Marvin characterized the dis
agreement as "a tempest in a teapot." j
“This must be just a fuss between
Representative Bloom and Mr. Kruck
man.” he said.
"There have been no differences be- ,
tween the National Bicentennial and
local Bicentennial Commissions." de
clared Dr. Marvin. "Wc have been
going along in harmony together, work
ing together. Senator Fess, chairman 1
of the National Comm, -lon, has been
friendly, and we hate developed our
plans in harmony with the National
Dr. Marvin admitted, however, that
he knew about “differences of opin
ion" between Representative Bloom and
Kruckman. These differences arose for j
one thing, he explai ed. over the type
of program, and the question as to
whether the various States should be
called in to participate with the Dis
trict of Columbia In ceremonies here.
Mr. Kruckman had planned to invite
States to participate. Dr Marvin said,
w hile Representative Bloom had steadily
opposed any participation by the
States in the local program.
Dr. Marvin was confident that any
charges of ccmemrcialism aimed against
Mr. Kruckman would not be sustained.
"Mr. Kruckman cannot make any
contracts without the consent of the
local commission." Dr. Marvin said.
Asked If he felt that Kruckman was
qualified for the job. Dr.. Marvin re-1
plied: “The commission would net have
elected him If it had felt he was not j
v,: ’ —' r \ i;. v.v, :i: f n. <\, T;;rnsi)AY, October r>, 1931.
RASKOB DONATES :
JIM TO party;
“This Must Represent My Full
and Final Contribution,”
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. October 15 -John J.
Raskob. chairman of the Democratic '
National Committee, has contributed
SIOO 000 to the party's $1,500,000 1932
: campaign fund. John W. Davis, general I
chairman of the drive, announced to
Davis gave out for publication a let- I
ter which accompanied the gift, in ;
which Raskob wrote: “This must rep- j
resent my full and final contribution to :
; this fund ”
Given Gladly, He Say*.
“It is given gladly.” he added, “be- j
cause of my belief in the cause to
which I have already contributed very j
heavily in time and money."
Raskob. in his letter, stated that dur- j
ing the two and a half years he had j
- "personally assumed responsibility for 1
seeing to it that the National Commit- I
i tee should be able to function effec
“I have done this.” he wrote, “be
cause I am convinced the Democratic
party should maintain continuous
activity between elections, thus perfect- ;
ing a virile, militant organization and .
keeping Democratic princples and poli
cies constantly before the people of I
the country in order to gain their con
fidence and their votes.
Lauds Jouett Shouse.
“I am sure the results accomplished
under the able leadership of Jouett
Shouse and his associates at national
headquarters in Washington are fully
appreciated by Democrats everywhere
and that the returns from the victory
fund campaign will applaud their ac
complishments and place the party in 1
that strong financial position necessary
to successful operation."
Davis, who was Democratic candidate
for President in 1924. heads the organi
zation. which has been named "The
Victory Fund Campaign" and which is
sponsored by a general committee of
more than 500 Democratic supporters
throughout the country.
"Mr. Raskob's gift.” he said, “is a 1
challenge to every friend of the party
to become a party stockholder for 1932." j
DIVORCE HELD CAUSE
OF JUVENILE CRIME
Police Chiefs’ Convention Told
Broken Homes Are to Blame
for Much Delinquency.
By the Associated Press.
ST. PETERSBURG, Fla., October 15.
—Divorce was held up as one of the
fundamental causes of crime. Juvenile
delinquency and wrecked homes by Dr.
Carleton Simon, former deputy police
commisisoner of New York, in %n ad
dress here yesterday.
Speaking to the International Asso
ciation of Chiefs of Police. Dr. Simon
said “nothing assumes greater propor
tion nor is of great-T significance than ‘
deprivation of suitable -parental guid
ance to a growing chilir’
"Separation of parents," he asserted,
“either by death, voluntarily or by legal
means, is the reason w'ty most of the
j family circles are destroyed.”
E. j. Jett of the Federal Radio Com
mission. said the use of radio by police '
departments had proved itself an effec- !
| tive weapon against crime. W. E. Long- ;
fellow of Washington, representative of i
! the National Red Cross, urged training
of law enforcement officials in life-sav- 1
Prof. Leonard Keeler of the crime
detection laboratory at Northwestern
, University, Chicago, gave a demonstra
tion of a “lie detector" machine.
By the United States Soldiers’ Home
Band this evening at Stanley Hall at
5:30 o'clock. John S. M. Zimmetmann.
director; Anton Pointner. assistant.
March. “Anchors A weigh”. Zimmermann
Overture. "Bohemian Life". .Bergenholz
Entra’acte. “By the Waters of Minne
Gems fiom musical comedy, "The Des
ert Song" Romberg
Fox trot, “If I Could Be With You.”
I Popular waltz song. “Old New England
l Finale. "Loving You" w.... Shapiro
“The St»r Sftangled Banner."
TAKES OVER REINS
Threats of Revoultion Heard
in Madrid as Alcala
Bv the Associated Press. ~
MADRID, October 15. President
Manuel Azana took possession of his
official offices today and called an ex
traordinary meeting of his new cabinet
to orient the administration In dealing
with vexing religious differences.
He spent an hour with retiring Pres
ident Nice to Alcala Zamora, listening
to an explanation of the routine con
nected with the office. Then, with a
hearty embrace, Senor Alcala Zamora j
wished his former minister of war the i
best of luck in his n*w venture and left j
to go Into private life.
Casares Qulroga. new minist’r of the
Interior, and Prof. Jose Oiral. minister
of marine, took over their offices, com
pleting the transfer of government.
Little Change Expected.
Senor Alcala iamora said he planned
to resume his law practice and to write
on his political experiences.
Newspapers were filled with details
and comments on the shake-up and the
sidewalk cases hummed with conversa
tion on its significance. It was vhe
majority opinion that Senor Azna's as
sumption of power would not rtreatly j
change the policies cf the previous ad
Dispatches from the Basque and Na
varre Province! said their governors
had prohibited parades and meetings in
view of demonstrations by Catholics and
anti-Catholics. Fueling was said to be
high in Bilbao. Tamplona and San Se
bastian and police were strengthened
in the vicinity of convents and churches.
Catholics Urge Action.
The Catholic agrarian bloc of Depu
ties in the National Assembly has re
ceived thousands of telegrams from
their constituents In these sections de
manding that they withdraw from the
Monslgnor Frederico Tedeschini. the
papal nuncio, railed on the new Presi
dent. but said they did not discuses the
new religious laws.
• Senor Azana is my old friend." he
said, "and he Is one of the foremost
authorities in Spain on Italian ques- j
tions. My only comment on the re
ligious problem is that the church can
be wounded, but she bears no enmity
Says Republic I* Firm.
President Azana told the Associated
Press “the republic is Immovable. We ,
ire as strong as if we had held power a
long time Our fundamental missions •
consists of fabricating a great, strong,
prosperous republic with peace and j
justice for all. The government is re- |
publican, but the republic is for all
The change in authority was accom- j
panied by vigorous demonstrations j
against the church and threats of revolt j
against the government. Bands of Com- j
munists and anti-Clericals ranged
through the streets, shouting violence
to Catholicism and the Jesuits. Police
engaged in running fights with them. A
dizen or more were badly beaten and a
score were arrested.
Rumors of revolution drifted down ;
from the strong Catholic province of
Basque and Navarre.
Seen aa Victory for “Left."
The resignation of Alcala Zamora
was Interpreted as a defeat for the
Right faction of the assembly, which
had facored a Republic similar to the
United States and France, and as a
triumph for the Left wing, which leans
toward Socialist conceptions of gov- j
ernment. property and religion.
Senor Azana is 50 years old. a law
ver and an admirer of American cus- :
toms As minister of war he slashed i
the Spanish army in half and dis-;
missed' high officers right and left. He j
has long been an anti-monarchist and
was an important figure in the over- j
throw of Alfonso 111.
The Change in government had little ]
reaction in financial circles, bankers
reported today. The Peseta, which has |
been quoted around 11.06 to the dollar;
for several weeks, was listed at 11.12
CHURCH HITS TERMS.
Spanish Condition* Impossible, I* Un
VATICAN CITY. Oct ber 15
Although no official comment on de
velopments in Spain has come from the
Vatican, it Is thought in unofficial
quarters that acceptance of conditions
imposed upon the church by the Spanish
Assembly is impossible.
The Assembly's proceedings have been
described here as “veritable anti-reli
gious persecution," and it Is charged
that Assembly proceedings in connec
tion with the religious question have
deprived church institutions even of
the minimum liberty essential to their
Cancels Engagements to Keep In Touch
PARIS. October 15 </P). —Former!
King Alfonso and his monarchist asso- •
ciates are watching the situation in
Spain closely and have abandoned their
engagements for the present to keep In
touch with developments, friends said
todav. * i
Increased activities have been noted .
among ranking personages in the for
mer monarchy and ni. ny of them have
paid calls at the royal residence m
Fountalnebleau since the change of
U. S. ENVOY TO ITALY
ASKS GRANDI TO HOME
John Garrett, on Leave at Balti
more, Hopes Foreign Minister
and Wife Can Visit There.
By the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE. October 15.—An invita
tion has been extended by John W. Gar
rett. United States Ambassador to Italy,
to Dlno Grandi. Italy's foreign Min
ister who is to come to the United
States next month for 10 days, to visit |
him and Mrs Garrett in their Balti- .
more home. The American Ambassador !
I end his wife are in the United States
on a 60-days leave.
; Tam very hopeful that Signor and
Signora Grandi may be able to spend
! some time with us here." Mr. Garrett
said last night. “There is nothing
definite about it. it may be they will
not have the time, and again, they
may. Signora Grandi and Mrs. Gar
rett are verv close friends and Signor
Grandi I know is anxious to see as
much of America as he can during his
10 day visit.”
ROBINSON IS URGED
Senator Commended to National;
Democracy by State Senate.
LITTLE ROCK. Ark.. October 15
(/$»). —The Arkansas Senate today
adopted a resolution, commending
United States Senator Joe T. Robin
son of Arkansas “to the national
Democracy as a seasoned Statesman to
lead the militant hosts of Democracy to
victory in 1032.”
Vatican Palace Ready for Occupancy
WILL BE OPENED BY POPE PIUS XI THIS MONTH.
View of the now palace of the Vatican government, which will be officially opened this month by Pope Pius XI.
Assisting him will be Governor of Vatican City Commendatorc Camillo Serafinl and other Vatican officials.
—Underwood Photo, i
LEGAL BEER PLEA
j Federation Will Ask for 2.75
Per Cent Brew at Com
By the Associated Pres*.
VANCOUVER. British Columbia. Oc
tober 15.—The American Federation of |
Labor reaffirmed its stand today for
legalization of 2.75 per cent beer at the
coming session of Congress.
William Green was re-elected presi
dent of the federation by acclamation.
He was unopposed and his nomination
and election was attended by wild out
bursts of enthusiasm by delegates.
Elbowed out of the spotlight yester
day by a spirited fight over unemploy-
I ment insurance, the prohibition ques
tion was brought to the platform again
today for action.
The resolution was regarded «as the
second most interc :in« of the convert -
! tion. the anti-unenv loymsnt insurance
* resolution of yesterday being the big-
I gest issue.
Vote After I/ong Debate.
i Vote cn the Insurance or dole propo
: sition came only after hours of debate.
| in which a dozen'speakers attacked and
i def-ndrd the British unemployment in
surance plan and assailed capital for
I “failing to do anything to help the
I workingman." President William Green
settled the fight with an eloquent
The convention was unanimous in
approving rrsolutions asking temporary
; and permanent plans for relieving un
j employment, and In reaffirming the
principle of persuasion rather than force
; in settling internal disputes.
Resolutions to be act'd upon, which
in general were recommendations of the
■ Executive Council, whose ideas have
been carried out in the convention to
Indorse a Federal employment serv-
I lee: oppose cancellation of war debts
"until the foreign nations clean house"
and disarm; imply that railway freight
j rate increases now pending befere the
i Interstate Commerce Commission would
; be preferable to railway wage rrduc
: tions: pledge support to bituminous
\ coal mine workers in obtaining a uni
j versal wage rate and favor application
! of immigration laws to bar nationals
• of all countries except Canada.
| Mo >t delegates favored resolutions
protesting Mexican and Filipino Immi-
I gration and they were to come up to
! day, with another recommending inde
| pendence for the Philippine Islands. ,
1 Anti-injunction ideas were expressed
jin another resolution favored on the
floor, along with cne Indorsing the
: principle of higher State income taxes,
I especially in the higher brackets.
MOB FIGHTS POLICE
TO HEAR EINSTEIN
Huge Vienna Crowd Battles to En
ter Lecture Impossible for
Them to Understand.
! Uv the Associated Pres*.
VIENNA. October 15.—A huge crowd
battled with police yesterday to heat
Prof Albert Einstein, father of rela
tivity. outline a r. w scientific theory,
even though the theory concerned such
a high technical subject as the use cf
vectors in three-dimensional space:
something understandable only by very
i competent mathematicians.
! Prof. Einstein addressed an audience
of scientist'-, at the Vienna Institute of
Physics. The theory, he said, was
rather an extension of previous theories
than a new one and he worked it cut j
! during the Summer. Its essential sea- j
I ture Is the use of vectors in three
dimensional space with five components
instead of three, so that the number of
components Ls greater than the number
The famous scientist was unable tc i
begin his address until university
authorities and police had weeded out
the authorized listeners from a strug
gling crowd which was determined to
hear the sage of relativity even though
they could not understand him.
I A photographer who expl. ded a flash
light while Prof. Einstein was in the
midst of his formula was ejected bodily
from the room.
Mathematicians and physicists use
the terms scalar and vector to classify
various quantities with which they have
to deal. Familiar examples of scalar
are time, mass, vclume and electric
charge; and of vector quantities—dis
placement, velocity, force and electric
301-FOOT GAS HOLDER PROPOSED
FOR RIGGS ROAD IN NORTHEAST
Structure Be Second Highest in City, Being
Exceeded Only by Monument.
Construction of an Immense gas
holder towering 301 feet above the
ground on a site on Riggs road north
east near the Metropolitan Branch of
the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad ls
planned by the Washington Gas Light
Co., according to a report submitted to
j dav to the Public Utilities Commission.
The coat of the proposed hqlder was
not disclosed, but it was estimated by
the commission that a gas container of
the size contemplated could not be con
structed under $250,000.
The gas company originally filed the
report of its plans with the Zoning
Commission, which In turn forwarded It
to the Utilities Commission. The report
did not the data desired by
the commlssionTso it instructed Earl V.
Returns in Crisis
PLUTARCO ELIAS CALLES.
IN MEXICAN CRISIS
Calles Is Named to Ministry
of War as Cabinet Is
Bv the Associated Pres?.
MEXICO CITY. October 15.—Former
resident Plutarco Elias Calles emerg'd
rs a dominant figure In the Mexican
government again today following the
resignation of the cabinet ‘ in
creasing political unrest.”
President Ortiz Rubio appointed Cal
les. Mexico's "iron man." to the post of
minister of war in succession to Gen.
Joaquin Amaro. Last night he accepted
the resignations of Minister of Interior
Lazaro Cardenas. Minister of Agricul
ture Snturnino Cedillo. Minister of
Communica'ions Juan Andreu Almazan
and Gen. Amaro. but refused that of
Minister of Finance Montes de Oca.
“In recent days." the President said,
"there has developed a new and major
problem, especially in the capital, origi
nating from agitation of various irre
concilables in the political camp.
"Under such circumstances I felt it
my duty to present to the consideration
of my collaborators and political ccun
, selors the necessity of finding a solu
! tion. * * *
“As was to be expected. I found!
among my collaborators the sanest and
i highest spirit of co-operaiicn, disinter- j
est and sacrifice for th" realization of
this view, in order to leave the chief
executive free to continue to reorganize
Gen. Calles pledged his full strength j
in aiding President Ortiz Rubio to .
stabilize the government. He said he j
felt it was an hour of need for Mexico ,
and that he would act in accordance
with his message to Congress Septem- 1
ber 1. 1928. in which he warned that
the rule of the "man on horseback" j
was over in Mexico.
Calles first returned to power In j
March. 1929. when he accepted tempo- j
rarily the post of minister of war in ■
order to put down the Escobar revolt. !
! which threatened the life of the Portes !
Gil government. A year ago he as- I
serted his authority in Monterey to
prevent a serious political situation
: over a dispute of power.
Three months ago he came out of
retirement to become president of the
Bank of Mexico and promulgate the
“Calles monetary law." which returned
Mexico to a silver currency basis and
was designed to stabilize the currency.
The exact nature of the political
, crisis that caused the resignation of
the government was not explained.
It was considered partly economic,
but mostly political. It had been
rumored for days that action would
soon be necessary to curb the am
bitious plans of various Mexican poli
ticians, who were considered to be
threatening the stability of the gov
ernment. It was generally believed
that reorganization would steady the
BOY INJURED BY AUTO
Ernest Alexander. 13. of 824 B street
southeast received a broken leg. cuts
and biuiscs today when knocked down
by an automobile at Seventh and C
streets southeast. He was treated at
The automobile which struck the boy
was driven by Merle Cain. 3315 Eighth
street northeast. He is not being held.
Police said the boy was crossing the
intersection when the accident hap
Fisher, exeutive seretary. to ask the
company for more complete details.
The new holder. It was said, would be
designed to serve Takoma Park and
contiguous communities. At present
there are no gas holders in that sec
The site selected by the company Is
In an industrial territory, where the
height limit on all buildings Is re
stricted under the zoning regulations to
, The 301-foot height proposed for the
gas holder would make it the second
highest structure in Washington, ex
ceeded only by the Washington Monu
ment. The Capitol is 207 feet to the
tip of the dome. The proposed holder
also would be 218 feet in diameter.
CAPONE NEARS END
OF TRIAL DEFENSE
Attorney Says Race Loss to !
Conclude Testimony for
By th* Assorimed Pres*.
FEDERAL BUILDING, Ch.cago,
October 15.—With testimony on the
records purporting to show that A1
Capone lost $327,000 on the races in
six years, the defense ceased calling
witnesses today and began arguing mo
tions to have Government evidence
Although no formal announcement
was made that the defense rested, At
torney Albert Fink said the gangster
had no more witnesses.
Capone's lawyers, as they wound up
their case, moved for a directed verdict
of'acquittal and also to have much of
the Government testimony stricken out.
Many of their arguments concerned a
letter written by Lawrence Mattingly,
rn attorney who once represented Ca
i pcne, in which Mattingly was quoted
ss saying Capone admitted owing a
;?•; and offered to settle on the basis
ti an Income of $266,000 for four years.
Capone has a new claim to distinc
tion as one of the world's worst pickers
cf race horses.
The big gang commander was a con
stant and heavy bettor, a series of book
makers testified in his trial, but he "sel
c'om won.” Seven took the stand yesterday
and estimated his losses at more than
: 5200.0G0 for four years. Not one of
them said Capons made a net profit
on a race meeting. Another $127,000
going back six years was accounted for
The defendant fairly beamed at this
testimony, admittedly given at his re
quest. The Capon" lawyers contend
..hess losses, 520.000 in 1924. $47,000
in 1923. $55,000 in 1926 and $90,000 in
1927, must be deducted from any in
come the Government may have proved.
Positive Capone Lost.
None of the "bookies" had any rec
ords, some admitted their figures were
not much more than guesses, but all
were positive of one thing—"he lost.”
One grew a bit philosophical and said
of the betting gentry as a whole, “they
nearly always lese."
But Capone was no ordinary loser.
He was a much sought after customer,
the testimony showed, one who was
willingly given credit without security,
one who was not required to step cut
of his hotel headquarters to settle up—
the "bookies" all went to him. and they
all obeyed his wishes in handling only
Even at this late date, the "bookies”
said they were glad to respond to a
summons from "Scarface Al.” Each
witness said he had been called by
j "some one who said he w-as Mr.
Capone,” Sunday or Monday, and as a
result had conferred with the defend
ant and his lawyers at the gangster’s
headquarters They were told, thev
said, to figure up to the best of their
ability what Capone had lost to them
and to relate that figure on the witness
Torrio "Mystery Man.”
Several of the "bookies” said another
person present at the conference was
Johnny Torrio. who is fast becoming
the "mystery man” of the trial.
; Torrio, the one-time boss of Chicago's
gangs who taught Capone his trade
! and then left the field to him. was
: subpoenaed as a witness before the
i grand jury investigating Capone's in
j come. He was brought back from New
; York again to be a witness in the
I trial, but • '• not called to the stand
by the Government.
Yesterday he appeared at the Federal
! Building with the of defense
; witnesses and again tl* word went out
that Torrio would testify. But with the
i defense case supposedly near its con
i elusion, he had still not been called
inside the court room.
The Government attempted to bring
out that it was really Torrio, the old
leader, who was commanding the de
fense operations. "Isn't it a fact that
it was Torrio who called you to Ca
pone's office?” was asked each wit
ness, but they all said “No.”
Charge* Prejudice Attempt.
The mention of the name George
“Bugs" Moran, a formerly powerful
gang leader, generally supposed to be
Capone’s chief enemy, brought an ex
plosion from the defense counsel table.
Attorney Michael Ahern jumped up.
moved that the Jury be withdrawn and
the case declared a mistrial. The
motion was denied by Federal Judge
James H. Wilkerson.
George Leidermann. a bookmaker, who
said Capone lost about $25,000 to him.
testified on cross-examination that he
now operated a gambling house owned
by Moran “and his associates." Ahern
contended that the prosecution brought
this out in “an attempt to prejudice
Harry Belford, another "gambling
speculator,” who estimated his winnings
from Capone at $25,000. was cross-ex
amined at today’s session.
MIDDLE WEST ASSAILS
FARM BOARD POLICIES
Leaders Bring Reports in Framing
Program for Bureau
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, October 15—Leaders of
: agriculture brought reports of Middle
West criticism of the Federal Farm
Board as they gathered to frame a pro
i gram for the December meeting of the
American Farm Bureau Federation.
A. J. Olson, president of the Minne
sota Farm Bureau, said farmers In the
i Northwest were "distinctly disappoint
ed” In the Farm Board.
William H. Settle, president of the
i Indiana Farm Bureau, said his field
agents found farmers "anxious at least
i to amend the agricultural marketing act
I so the equalization fee plßn or some
such plan could be Included.”
"Many wild schemes are being spread
f among farmers these days,” said Charles
• L. Hearst, heed of the lowa Farm Bu
,, reau. ' v
'MOVE TO RESTORE
Walsh Urges Hoover to Call
Parley of leaders to Clear
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Senator David I. Walsh of Massa
chusetts today proposed that President
Hoover call a conference of outstand
ing business men to clean house in
order to restore public confidence in
The Massachusetts Senator also de
clared himself in favor of legislation,
if necessary, to prevent "short selling”
on the stock and grain exchanges as
a necessary curb to speculation.
Senator Walsh took the view that
the "water" In securities of commer
; cial concerns of all kinds mu-t be
! squeezed out and valuations placed on
i the actual physical values of property
| if there is to be a real recoverj- from
the present depression and an avoid
ance of future depressions.
Would Correct Mistakes.
"It Is of little avail now to discuss
the economic mistakes that have result
ed and that have contributed in large
part to the present economic depres
sion.” said Senator Walsh, who returned
to Washington today from Massachu
setts. “It is important, however, to
find out what mistakes should be cor-
I reeled in order to restore prosperity as
i speedily as possible,
i "The most outstanding factor in the
present situation is the doubting and
questioning attitude of the public
toward the validity of commercial se
curities. In my judgment steps ought
to be taken at once to assure the public
that the large business units of this
country are being conducted on an effi
cient, honest and economic basis.
When the public is convinced of this
1 fact, the money that is in vaults, postal
savings and savings banks will find
Its way to give to business the financial
support that it needs and thereby in
crease the value of commercial paper,
stocks and bonds.
Words Not Enough.
"A mere statement that the people
ought to Invest and have confidence, in
view of the awful havoc that has re
sulted to investors in the past through
overspeculation and overcapitaliza
tion, will not suffice. Overt acts upon
the part of the business leaders of this
country are primarily essential
"Legislation Is not so necessary. In
deed, it is a question if any legislation
can reach the fundamental cause of
the present depression, which, to re
peat. I say is a skeptical attitude the
public has toward the integrity and
soundness of many of the business units
of thts country.
"Legislation may be helpful in reliev
ing unemployment through appropria
tions for public works and for helping
to feed and shelter, in co-operation
with private agencies, those in distress.
"In my humble judgment one of the
most, effective things that could be
done to sharply turn the tide in the
direction of an era of prosperity would
be for the President of the United
States, or a group of representative
public-spirited business leaders to call
together the leaders cf Industry and
finance in solemn convention, actuated
by the highest patriotic motives, to
study every phase of our present eco
nomic condition and report to Congress
what legislation. If any. is necessary
to strengthen the peoples confidence
Spirit Is Whst Counts.
"Os course, if the business lesders of
the country are unwilling to recognize
and boldly denounce economic factors
that have contributed largely to the de
pression, such a convention would have
negligible results. I am assuming that
the depression has continued long
enough and that the public's reluctance
to invest in business securities will ac
tuate the business leaders of this coun
try to begin a reconstruction and reha
bilitation in a spirit akin to that of
founders displayed in framing this
Government. Os course, if this spirit
is lacking there is nothing left but f-r
the Congress and the State Legisla
tures to attempt to put teeth into the
present corporation laws that will end
misdeeds and unethical practices that
have put business in the condition
The Massachusetts Senator said the
leadership of the highest caibl-r s
necessary in the present situation in
this country. While he refrained frem
discussing presidential politics he made
it clear that the Democratic party, of
which he is a member, must select its
strongest candidate and a man well
qualified if the Democratic partv is to
assume a controlling position.
WOMEN IN MANASSAS
TO AID DAIRY FESTIVAL
Club Will Arrange Details for Coro
nation Ceremony at frete
Special Dispatch to The Star.
MANASSAS. Va., October 15.—Plans
were made yesterday by the Woman’s
Club of Manassas to co-operate with
officials of the Piedmont Dairy Festival
in the mammoth festival and pageant
which will be held here October 31.
The club has undertaken to arrange
the details for the coronation ceremony
and will also have charge of the hous
ing and entertainment of the queen and
her princesses and attendants. The
Committee on Coronation consists of
Mrs. R. H. Smith, chairman; Mrs. E
Swavely, Mrs. A. A. Hoof. Mrs. Marshall
Haydon and Mrs. M. M. Ellis, while the
Committee on Entertainment and Hous
ing will be Mrs. Stewart Pattle, Mrs.
Howard Jamison. Mrs. H. Thornton
Davies and Mrs. L. L. Lonas.
LEAGUE HOLDS MEET
ISO Attend Session of Two-County
Church Organization Held
Bpecixl Dispatch to Th« Star.
ROCKVILLE. Md.. October 15.—Con
ducted by the president. Wightman H
Smith of Frederick, and attended by
more than 150 representatives of the
various constituent organizations and
ethers, the bi-monthly meeting of the
Fred-Mont Epworth League Union was
held Tuesday evening in the M. E
Church South at Hyattstown, this
The principal matter considered at
the business session was changes in the
constitution and by-laws as proposed by
the recent annual meeting of the Balti
more Conference cf the M. E. Church
South, designed to co-ordinate to some
> extent the work of the Epworth Leagues
; and Sunday schools, and following a
[ discussion led by Richard E. Bucklng
. ham of Washington, district secretary,
> the suggested changes were approved.
Following the transaction of business.
. all repaired to Burdette Hall nearby.
> where a program of g;mes, music and
. other features was enjoyed.
The leagues represents at the meet
. ing were Emory. Oaithersburg. Hyatts
i town, Potomac, Sunshine. Frederick and
t Clarksburg, the last named; however,
t not a member of the union, but attend
> ing by invitation.
For efficiency and attendance, the
I banner was awarded to the Oaithers
i burg League. It was decided to hold ,
■ the next meeting December • in Fred
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