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OCCUPY TSITSHAR Reds Warned in Friendly Way Against Sending Force to Manchuria. (Continued From First Page > rived at the Tsitslhar gates and soon afterward entered the city. Mab Accuses Officers. Gen. Mah also sent a message to Chang Chln-Hui. governor of the Harbin district, reports said, indicating that he refused the truce terms of Gen. Hon jo, Japanese commander, only be cause he himself was unable to read them and his officers took advantage of this by misinterpreting the meaning of Gen. Honjo’s message. Gen. Mah, the report said, stated he would go per sonally to Harbin soon to explain his position to the Japanese. The attitude of the Japanese govern ment toward the League's efforts to reach a compromise plan on the sug gestions advanced by Washintgon, London, Geneva, Paris, Canton and Nanking was that too many cooks are likely to spoil the broth. The possi bility of a commission of investigators who would visit China proper as well as Manchuria was rather looked upon with favor here, however, and it was bc'ieved that in the end such a com mission would bear out Toklo’s original contention—that the rinly possible permanent solution of the Manchurian problem lies in direct negotiations be tween China and Japan. Information received here indicated that the United States might be repre sented on such a commission but whether it would be civil or military was not intimated. Japan feels, how ever, the commission could do no harm and might do some good and that she can well afford to wait for a settlement, for two or three years if necessary. "We are anxious to restore our rela tions with China,” a government spokesman said, "but we are in no hurry to discuss the five points. The Chinese are splendid at the waiting game; they have much patience. We waited a year before they consented to discuss Shantung conditions which dis cussion resulted ultimately in our with drawal.” Japan Replies to Soviet. Engene Chen, Chinese internal com promise leader, told the Japanese consul at Canton that the Nanking govern ment is depending entirely too much upon the League and that the proper remedy is the demilitarization of Man churia, the ousting of war lords and the •ettlng up of a civil government. A Japanese charge that Russia is ••partially responsible” for hostilities in Manchuria was contained in Japan's reply to an earlier note of Litvinoff, Which complained that Japan was i ••manufacturing” rumors of Soviet in -1 terference in the conflict. * The Japanese note declares that the Russian-owned Chinese Eastern Rail way assisted in transporting Chinese troops to Tsitslhar and Anganche, and It suggests that the Soviet government Issue a fresh statement declaring it is not furnishing arms or munitions to the Chinese. Denying the Russian charge that Ja panese officials "manufactured” rumors of Russian assistance to Gen. Mah, the reply expressed the belief that these rumors were circulated by the Chinese to encourage tl; ’ own troops. For this reaso... Japan replied, Russia should make a complaint to the Chinese if she is really maintaining a strictly neutral policy. CHINESE CIVILIANS FLEE. Gen. Mah Reported as Striving to Keep Hie Army Together. MUKDEN, Manchuria. November 19 M»). —Official dispatches from Tsitslhar received here today said the formal occupation of the city by the Japa nese was begun at 10 a.m. today. An official communique Issued by Jap anese headquarters said communication with the front was constantly inter rupted, presumably by bandits operat ing in the Japanese rear along the Taonan Anganchl Railway. Chinese prisoners taken by the Jap anese during yesterday’s battle said Gen. Mah Chaq-Shan told them only that they were opposed to the forces of Chang Hai-Peng, Gen. Mah's rival, and that they were ignorant of the nationality of their foes until the Jap anese took the first line trenches, after Which the retreat be gait. Civilians Flee for Safety. As a result of the yesterday’s fight ing thousands of Chinese civilians along the Chinese Eastern Railway were leav ing their homes today, deserting all their belongings and fleeing for safety In all directions. The bitter cold continued today. •Thermometers at Tsitslhar station reg istered 20 degrees below zero centigrade. A strong icy north wjpd swept down from Northern Manchuria. Official Japanese dispatches from the front said Gen. Mah was desperately striving to preserve the semblance of his army by gathering all the remnants at Koehan, terminal of a small railway running northeast from Tsitslhar and •bout 80 miles distant. Replacements on Way. A mixed Japanese brigade of replace ments was said by Gen. Honjo's head quarters to be due here tomorrow from Japan aboard six troop trains. It was explained officially that the mixed brigade which was rushed to Manchuria from Korea in the early days of the trouble will now be returned to their post as soon as possible. The former boy Emperor Hsuan Tung was said in reliable sources to be stay ing at a resort near Liaoyang, on the South Manchurian Railway, about 50 miles south of Mukden. It was said that his whereabouts were known to only a few and that he was living quietly •t a hotel at a place called Tang- Icangtze. Japanese headquarters reported in a communique tonight that their air plane observers had seen the defeated Chinese troops streaming toward Koe han, but that the Japanese troops were not pursuing much beyond Tsitslhar, toeing content to clean out the enemy with a 30-kllometer radius of that teity. Plan Civil Committee. It was said that the Japanese Intend to establish a Chinese civil committee to govern Tsitsihar, which while in significant commercially, is the capital of Heilungkiang Province and the seat of the provisional government. Japanese field headquarters reported to Gen. Honjo that Russian employes of the Chinese Eastern Railway took no action during the fighting yesterday. There was still no news of Japanese casualties in that battle, but a spokes man said he believed they were at least •s heavy as those sustained at the Non pi Bridge engagement. i FALL OF CITIES DENIED. (tanking Says Chinese Still Hold An ganchl and Tsitslhar. NANKING, November 19 OP).—-In spite of Japanese dispatches stating the 1 Japanese occupied Anganchl and Tsitsi » hsr, Manchuria, yesterday, official cir cles here today said they had direct word from Tsitsihar saying the Chinese •re still in possession of both cities and that Gen. Mah Chan-Shan is repelling Japanese attacks at Anganchl. The ministry of war of the National government announced it had received a message from Chang Hsueh-Llang, deposed Manchurian Governor, stating he is calling on all his troops to place themselves under the command of Gen. Mah to resist the Japanese* and that Manchurian artillery, with a force of 10.000 men. Is being brought from the Russian border to renew the conflict. }, "I have circularized all my troops in Tokio Version of Occupation Resort to Arms Declared Only Way Out for Japan to Protect Its Nationals * Lives and Property in Manchuria . Minister of War Jtro Minismi of Japan has written the following article for the Associated Pres* explaining the Japanese position in the Manchurian conflict. It follows a similar story for Marshal Chang Hsueh-Llang giving the Chinese version. BY JIRO MINTAMI, Japanese Minister of War. TOKIO. November 19.—China is at tempting to carry out her national pol icy by trampling upon existing treaties with Japan. Japan has no intention of developing the present trouble, but has been forced to take various military measures to protect Japanese Interests in Man churia. including the Taonan-Angan chi Railroad, which was built with Japar~se loans, but which the Chinese defaulted owing to Chinas Insincerity and defiant attitude. “No Other Way Out.” The clashes of Japanses and Chinese at Tahsing were due entirely to disre gard of agreements on the part of the Chinese. Why are the powers main taining troops in China? Why do «he powers still have extraterritoriality rights in China? Manchuria.” Chang said, "urging them to place themselves under the command of Gen. Mah Chan-Shan to assist against the Japanese menace." The Manchurian artillery, the war ministry said, has been ststioned in the Hingan Mountains, in extreme North west Manchuria, against possible Soviet border activities. This, it said, is now on the way to the Taonan-Anganchl area and some of It already has arrived at Anganchl. All of the 10,000 men in this force will enter the conflict against the Jap anese. the war office said. It also said the troops in the Jehol area, a great district within the Great Wall north of Peiping and Tientsin and east of Mongolia, are answering Chang Hsueh- Liang's call to the colors. These troops, it said, are moving northward, hoping to attack the Japa nese from the southwest. REPORT UNCONFIRMED HERE. Dawes Has Not Committed U. 8. to Action So Far as Is Known. By the Associated Press. Ambassador Dawes has not committed the United States to join in concerted International action to get Japan to withdraw its troops in Manchuria, so far as known here. Undersecretary William R. Castle told newspaper men in the morning press conference that Secretary Stimson be lieved tiie Manchurian situation is such that it should not be discussed officially at present. STEPS TO OBTAIN PEACE IN FAR EAST PUZZLE STATESMEN »■' - (Continued From First Page.) verbal accounts of what is being said and done by the League Council, and at the same time a certain amount of information regarding what Gen. Dawes is saying and doing percolates into League circles. Sessions Held in Secret. The League's sessions thus far have all been secret, like Gen. Dawes’ con versations, on the theory, which re mains to be proved,- that secret talks get results quicker and better than open diplomacy. Gen. Dawes apparently has been dis cussing with Mr. Matsudalra and Brit ish Foreign Minister Sir John Simon points and proposals which the League discussed vainly weeks ago with Ken klchi Yoshizawa. Japan's Ambassador to Paris and delegate to the League, but which, as neither Gen. Dawes nor Mr. Matsudalra nor Sir John was pres ent at the previous negotiations, they apparently now wish to explore again. In the Council, Chairman Aristide Briand suggests that treaties having to do with security should be separated from treaties having to do with eco nomic rights and that the two sets should be considered separately. As there seem to be dozens of treaties and agreements, the work of sifting might, it is admitted, take a corps of able jurists some months. Sir John opposes separating the treaties and wants quick action of some sort, but he seems thus far to have made no definite proposal. Connell Snubbed Openly. Mr. Yoahlzawa yesterday openly snubbed the council, first by keeping It waiting an hour and then by deliver ing In the Japanese language a long, intransigeant statement, though he speaks both English and French. Dr. Alfred Sze, Chinese delegate, writes strong letters to Gen. Dawes and to the various members of the Council, pleading China’s despair. Last night he threatened to force the Council’s hand by invoking articles 15 and 16 of the covenant in the near future. These articles involve the whole issue of sanctions. If they are invoked and are proved futile, it is assumed through out Europe that the whole cause of peace and disarmament in any imme diate future would be hopeless. But the peace of the world, which in the Geneva meetings loomed so large in the debates, seems to have barely been mentioned in the feverish atmos phere of Paris. In Paris it is as if a sort of League of Imperialisms has been suddenly formed against China and in favor of Japan. Unless Russia, half paralyzed as it is by the exigencies of the five-year plan, should unexpectedly intervene against Japan’s violation of the Chi nese Eastern Railway zone, the mili tary phase of the Manchurian crisis may now be considered ended. With the taking of Tsitslhar, Japan’s vic tory is complete. The outcome, more over, was never dubious. The Japanese are now in possession of all three Manchurian provincial capitals. Mukden, Kirin and Tsitsi har. In each their procedure seems to have been the same. They have ousted Chinese officials, disarmed the Chinese policy and soldiery, seized public funds and institutions and put in new puppet Aid Elect! New Secretary. HYATTSVILLE, Md., November 19 (Special).—Mrs. O. A. Kitchln has been elected secretary of the Ladies’ Aid Society of the Presbyterian Church to succeed Mrs. Harry W. Price, who has moved to Baltimore. Mrs. Kitchin will serve until the society’s annual election in March. Mrs. Price was also secre tary-treasurer of the parent-teacher association of the Sunday school of the church, and Mrs. Edith Evans has been named to this post. |RE.UPHOLSTERIN<^ and repairing; || 0 . your old living: i; /fr g§ room suites made :i j I III \MWwz ME just like new in• ■ vEJSh ■ the smartest tapes-: i:| faaM w—W tries, damask and : j| frietza. Only finest: Ij H filling used, best • j ‘ EQnPL custom work at: j very low prices. jj ESTIMATES FREE j Open Evenings j r : ■ jLa France Upholstery Co. j 111 ASM 14th St. M.W. Colombia ISIT* : THE EVENING STAB, WASHINGTON. D. C.. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19. 1931. There was no other way out for Japan excepting a resort to arms In order to protect the lives and property of Japanese in Manchuria where there is no adequate government and bandits are raiding the countryside from time to time. . , , The present trouble in Manchuria is a matter of deep regret to both China and Japan and we hope the dispute will be settled in such away as to make certain there will not be a recurrence., Losses Estimated. ' All the latest figures are not at hand. 1 but Chinese deprecl ‘ ons from the time of the outbreak on fcrptember 18, until October 26, include 550 Japanese killed by Chinese soldiers. 150 women assault ed, 800 houses burned and more than 2,000 houses looted. . . _ The figures on losses suffered by Jap anese in the interior are unknown, but they are believed to be great aside from the damages inflicted by bandits. Dur ing the last 50 days. Japanese detach ments have been dispatched to more than 60 points in efforts to protect the Chinese from their own marauding bands. ( Copyright, 1931 > Chinese governments and new Chinese police under Japanese control. Having by these means obtained ef fective mastery over Manchuria’s three provinces and all its railroads save the Russian-controlled Chinese Eastern line, they appear to be in a position to dictate their own terms to China, on the one hand, and to the league and the United States, on the other. These terms now are broadly known. Before Japan withdraws her troops, China must agree to the “five funda mental principles,” which Mr. Joshi zawa told the council yesterday - are really to be regarded as five heads of a chapter to be expounded more fully by the Japanese after direct negotiations have actually begun. Furthermore, before Japanese troops can be withdrawn. China must not only accept Japan’s terms, but must give sufficient proof that it is able to enforce their observance, Mr. Yoshizawa has told M. Briand. Japan's Five Point#. Japan's five points are as follows: 1. Mutual repudiation of aggressive policy and conduct. This sounds inno cent. but the Chinese fear it means that Japan will refuse to allow an interna tional inquiry to fix the responsibilities for events since September 18 and give to China the damages it claims. 2. Respect for China’s territorial in tegrity. Herein Japan modified the wording of the nine-power treaty, which pledges respect for China’s sovereignty and territorial and administrative in tegrity. The Japanese admit they in tend hereafter to exercise the veto right over Chinese governors appointed in Manchuria. This obviously means that, while Manchuria would remain Chinese in name, in fact it would be autonomous under indirect Japanese control. 3. Complete suppression of all or ganized movements interfering with the freedom of trade and stirring up inter national hatred. Thi# would deprive China of the right to boycott, which is China's only effective weapon or means of defense against Japan. 4. Effective protection throughout Manchuria of all peaceful pursuits un dertaken by Japanese subjects. This, according to the Japanese, means that the Chinese cannot hereafter expel Japanese settlers or merchants from certain districts on the pretext that China plans to build a railroad there. Thus Japan would have exclusive rights in the South Manchurian Railway zone, but China would have no exclusive rights lit the zone of any Chinese rail ways in Manchuria. 5. Respect for the treaty rights of Japan In Manchuria. The treaties meant, Japan explains, are those of 1905, both known and secret, and those of 1915, or the famous 21 demands, re garding which the United States at the time registered a strong protest. Russia may yet be heard from. China will probably be heard from loudly and at great length. And finally the League Council may yet rally around the cove nant or the nine-power treaty in co operation with the United States. The Manchurian peace conference has not yet begun. It is just about to begin. It will be waged seemingly around the eo-mlled five points. (Copyright, 1931.) Chosen Ideal Secretary CAPITAL GIRL WINS NATIONAL DESIGNATION. (Prom the 5:30 Edition of Yesterday's Btsr.) Miss Katherine C. Kramer, 19-year old daughter of Stephen E. Kramer, assistant superintendent of schools, to day was awarded the title of "Ideal secretary” by the Alpha lota Sorority, a national business women’s organiza tion, meeting in convention at Des Moines, lowa. The selection was made by Harry Kruz, national secretary of the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce, on the basis of appearance and effi ciency, according to an Associated Press dispatch from Des Moines. Miss Kramer, who is attending the convention, is the perfect "Five Feet- Two. Eyes of Blue” type. She said she believed snappy, modish clothes and a pleasant disposition equally Important with typing speed to please the boss. Dates with the boss she disapproved. She advised no gum chewing and only sparing use of the cigarette and the cocktail. "A pleasant relationship with the b'vss does not mean familiarity.” she warned. “It may mean cheering hs*n up when he Is singing the blues, but does not mean holding his hand or patting his head.” Miss Kramer Is employed by the I GORGEOUS ROSES 1 I 2 « *1 01 1 Beautiful 6-Inch Ferns, $1.25 (g iCiC’StewcJv Stoxa^f tfel 808 14th St. N.W. 804 17th St. N.W. 609 12th St. N.W. I* Mtlrt, 7181 Mttrt. 7»4ft Mtlf. MO DAWES’ ACTIVITIES VEILED IN SILENCE State Department Has Noth ing to Report About Paris Negotiations. BY CONSTANTINE BROWN. China was a taboo subject at the State Department today. There are | seemingly important negotiations going lon between Gen. Dawes, representing j the Secretary of State, in Paris and the members of the Council of the League of Nations. What these conversations are naturally is a dead secret. Not even the occupation of the im portant railway junction Tsitsihar is officially known at the State Depart ment, although there are many Amer ican official representatives in that dis turbed area of the Far East. The State Department has been informed about the occupation only by press reports which are “undoubtedly correct.” At the end of the World War the statesmen of the world decided to abol ish secret diplomacy because, they said, that system of international intercourse was one of the prineipal causes of war. Neither the American nor the other governments has changed in any way that fundamental principle. Selret di plomacy has been replaced by "confi dential” diplomacy. Serious Problem Confronted. There is no doubt that the world is confronted with a serious problem. No body really bothers much to discuss the merits or demerits of the Japanese case in Manchuria. The main problem has been placed on the basis whether in the conflict between the League of Na tions and the signatories of the Kellogg pact and the nine-power pact on the one side and the military which seems to be ruling Japan, the forces working for peaceful settlements or the military forces are going to come out on top. The world chancellories and espe cially the American Department of State have so far used all possible means to persuade Japan to stop the military operations in China and dis cuss with the helpless Chinese their various problems. Military Balks Face Saving. What really Interested the League and the American Government was that the Japanese should cease their military operations and thus give the impression of having obeyed the League’s orders not to take any ag gressive action for the settlement of a private dispute. According to reports from Paris, the members of the council were quite will ing to accept the solution that the Japanese should keep their army In the occupied area under the name of “mil itary police.” Despite assurances given by Jap anese diplomats that the army In Man churia will take no further military steps against the Chinese, it appears that the Japanese military cast is not anxious at all to save the face of the league or anybody else. APACHE INDIAN’S CASE WILL GO TO GRAND JURY Is Bald to Have Confessed Slaying Columbia U. Student to Cover Up Assault. By th* Associated Press. TUCSON, Arlz.. November 19.—The case of Golney "Mac” Seymour, 21- year-old Apache Indian accused of the slaying of Miss Henrietta Schmerler, Columbia University student of an thropology, will be presented to a Federal grand jury tomorrow. Miss Schmerler was stabbed and beaten to death last July. For several weeks she had lived alone on the White River Apache Reservation, where she was studying Indian customs. Federal authorities said an indict ment against the Indian would do away with necessity of holding his pre liminary hearing on a murder charge set for next Monday at Glove. J. A. Street, Justice Department' agent who arrested Seymour, said the Indian confessed that he killed the girl to prevent her from revealing that he had assaulted her. MISS KATHERINE L. KRAMER. American Nautical Academy at Wash ington, a training school for officers of the merchant marine. She lives with her parents at 1215 Holly street. Street Scene in Captured Manchuria City THIS is a street scene In Tsitsihar, capital of the northern province of Heilungkiang, which fell into the hands of the Japanese yesterday for the first time in its 200 years of history. The Japanese troops marched in through the western gate while Oen. Mah Chan-Shan, the Chinese commander, mho has been an outstanding figure for years in provincial politics, fled northmard by rail in the direction of Kashan. —A. P. Photo. TSITSIHAR CAPITAL OF RICH FARM AREA City, However, Has Become Important as Railway Center. "Tsitsihar. around which Chinese and Japanese forces are skirmishing in Manchuria, is the capital of Heilung Klang, largest of the three provinces of Manchuria, and the principal city in a vast, only partially developed area of rich farming and grazing land,” the National Geographic Society said to day. “Military activity will be no new sensation to the 35,000 Inhabitants of this brown-walled city in the fertile valley of the Nonni River. Tsitsihar was built in 1692 to overawe marauding tribes of Mongols and Cossacks. “Later China sent many bandits Into exile into Manchuria. The medley of native population groups in the vicin ity of Tsitslhar forced the construction of huge barracks there and the detail of military units to the town, so that it has long had the aspect of a fortress. Becomes Railway Center. “Like every other important Man churian city, Tsitslhar owes its present wealth and activity to railroads. When the Chinese Eastern Railway was built as a short cut between Chita and Vladivostok, Tsitsihar was a slovenly settlement of ramshackle buildings back of its crenelated walls. Builders of the Chinese Eastern missed the town by laying the line 18 miles to the south. Later, however, a narrow gauge spur was built, connecting with the Chinese Eastern at a stop known onlv as Tsitsihar Station. "Tsitsihar has come into the present ‘misunderstanding,’ however, through a neV and extremely busy railroad line, constructed during the last decade northward from Taonanfu, through Anganchi, and crossing over the Chi nese Eastern main line on a bridge at Tsitslhar Station, the Junction point of the narrow-gauge line. This new line is Chinese-operated and Japanese owned from Taonanfu to Anganchi, and entirely Chinese owned and oper ated from Anganchi to the city of Tsitsihar. “The new line does not end at Tsitslhar, but continues in a northeast direction for 79 miles to Taianchen. Eventually it will reach the Siberian border and will connect with a branch of the Transsiberian Railway at Blago veshchensk. Greatly Modernized. “Few travelers visited isolated Tsit sihar before the railroad came. For a time those who did passed by coffins strewn outside the town walls—coffins of natives whose families were unable to pay burial expenses. Inside the walls the travelers saw a dingy pano rama of dirty shacks lining unpaved and unlighted streets. "Railroads have changed all that. Today Tsitsihar is a busy town, greatly changed and improved by modern de velopment. While it is neither as large nor as modernized as the two other Manchurian provincial capitals, Muk den and Kirin, Tsitsihar has several wide, paved streets, electric lights, tele graph and telephone services. Tile roofed houses, with coats of bright paint, are rising where old shacks once stood. "Since the new north-south railroad has been added to the spur from the Chinese Eastern Railway, Tsitsihar is on the way to becoming one of the chief industrial centers of Manchuria. Mills are grinding out meal as fast as soy beans can be brought from Manchurian fields. Its shops and stores throng with customers, and its railroad yards are scenes of constant movements of trains. The new line to Taianchen broke all records for traffic in Man churia early this year. Rendezvous of Many Races. “Manchus, Mongols, Koreans, Rus sians, Yakuts, Chinese, Japanese and a few Europeans may be seen on the streets of the city, which is fast assum ing the cosmopolitan air of other Chin ese trading towns. During the horse and cattle fairs Mongol cattle traders I Personal initiative —remains, as ever, the big factor In busi ness success . . . but no man of affairs will discount the advantage of good banking connections. fi "Columbia” has demonstrated its helpful ness to innumerable customers ... and ex tends you a cordial invitation to utilize the complete facilities of its various depart ments. IWTTRFST PROGRESS BASED ON SAFETY AND SERVICE . PAID ON SAVINGS __________ > £ Columbia National Bank CAPITAL, S2SO,OOO.OO—SURPLUS, $500,000.00 911 F Street ~ - - . it U. S. Observer AMERICAN WITH FOREIGN ATTACHES IN MANCHURIA. J&jEßk f^B COL. JAMES G. McILROT, United States military attache at Japan, who has been authorized to accompany the military attaches of Great Britain, France and Russia on an observation tour of Manchuria. The American Army officer will leave with other mem bers of the party tomorrow. They have been Invited by the Japanese gov ernment to remain in Manchuria as long as they think necessary. —A. P. Photo. flock to TSltsihar, nearly doubling the population. "Manchurian horses come mostly from the grass-covered plains In the vicinity of TSltsihar. The region Is the native home of the pony which helped to build up the near-world em pire of the great Kublai Khan. Shaggy and stubborn, the TSltsihar mount has endurance and is dependable on long marches over cold, irregular terrain Heilung Klang province leads in the production of barley in Manchuria; is sec&nd m soy beans and wheat. Os Its 20.500,000 cultivatable acres only a third have so far been put Into use. "While Tsltslhar Is In about the same latitude as Seattle. Wash., It suffers from extremes of heat and cold. In Summer the thermometer rises above 95 degress for days at a time, and In Winter It nose-dives to 40 degrees be low zero. Nevertheless 'the region around Tsltslhar contains some of the richest soil in the world, and Is capa ble of a good deal of future develop ment. In the Nonni River Tsltslhar has a stream capable of carrying a con siderable amount of water trade In junks and barges during the Summer months.** TIRE INSPECTION URGED Danger to Public Pointed Out at Dealers Convention. DETROIT, November 19 UP). —Com- pulsory and periodic inspection of tires used on motor vehicles was proposed yesterday by Martin J. Barry of Bal timore, president of the National Tire Dealers’ Association, speak' -'g at the organization’s convention here yester day. He asserted that tires worn beyond the safety point "have contributed in a large measure to the alarming In crease in motor car accidents,” and added that "a worn tire gives no warn ing.” Barry was re-elected president of the association. Other officers are: A. L. Glick, Pittsburgh, first vice president; J. B. Williams, Minneapolis, second vice president; M. G. Byme, Chicago? treasurer, and Norval P. Trimborn, Chicago, .secretary-manager. MOTHER WANTS . . . THAT HOOKED OR CROSS STITCHED YARN RUG Give It te her hr making It yearself. (Knll or Crochet your Afghans.) FREE LESSONS The EMBROIDERY SHOP fnr.-Z9 nth n.w. GRANDI IS HOPEFUL OF ARMS SUCCESS Italian Foreign Minister Talks to Mussolini as Visit Nears End. (Continued From First Page.) speak in both English and Italian. At 4:30 p.m. he is slated to have a final interview with the newspaper corre spondents. Tonight he and Signora Grandi are to be guests of honor at a dinner given by the Italian Ambassador, to be followed by a reception. The dis tinguished guests will leave here to night to go to New York. A luncheon at the home of Under secretary of Stat 3 Castle was given to day in honor of Signor Grandi and his wife. Entertained at White House. Signor and Signora Grandi were en tertained at a brilliant dinrar at the White House last night by the Presi dent and Mrs. Hoover. Before sailing tomorrow for Europe, they will visit Baltimore as guests of the American Ambassador to Italy and Mrs John W. Garrett. The White House dinner afforded Grandi more than an hour of further conversation with the President. The other guests left them apart, but Mr. Hoover called in one after the other the four Senators present. Borah, the chairman of the Senate's Foreign Relations Committee, already had had a long talk with Grandi. The other Senators, Moses of New Hamp shire, Pitman of Nevada, and Watson, the Republican leader, discussed things with him for the first time. The function had all the formal air that could be given a state dinner. Be sides the usual cabinet members, con gressional leaders and dignitaries in vited to such affairs, the guest list num bered several members of Congress of Italian ancestry. Recalling the days when wild ani mals roamed England, the leg bone of a huge bison on which are teeth marks of a hyena, has been unearthed in East Yorkshire. 1 /Mew low Pbices\ f RENCIISHRINER & lIRNER GENUINE Cordovans *l2*2 » fbrmwy^f!s Cordovan A outwears all other __ leathers.. takes a beau* tifully high polish .. as near weather-proof as leather can be. In rich WUp seine shades or black, . 5 CORDOVAN Stylos AVAILABLE 7 quality positively maintained same smart styles 111 leathern-styles 91QSO iUili formerly $lB JL m Exclusive Washington Agency SALTZ BROTHERS ' 1341 F Street N.W. ...... . .. ' IF • ■ A-5 GRANDI'SSONPLANS TO VISIT AMERICA Mother Wants Franco to Set Country in His Forma tive Years. BT BESS FURMAN. (Copyright. ISSI. tb* Associated Press.) Signora Grandl, pnttlly turning the old adage, "when In Rome do as the Romans" proved how quickly she had learned American customs by granting, on her third day here, a press interview. But she did what is seldom enough done in such conversations—she gave seme news. "Next year my son will come to America," she said. "He will come and see it, for I think that to look at this industrious country will have a good effect on his character.” Signora Grand! laughed happily as she explained that her transatlantic telephone call to her son. Franco, and daughter, Simonetta, had prompted this decision. To Come on Vacation. "Very clearly I heard his voice!” she Jubilated, “and what do ycu think he said? ‘Mother, this time you left us here, but next year we will come with you!* Whether or not I can come. I do not know, but he shall come on his vacation!" Correspondents from Rome had re marked the difference between Italian and American customs on newspaper interviews from wives of prominent men. They had said, too, it was hard for people of this country to grasp the wholly home-viewpoint of an Italian mother, and the depth of her devotion to her children. Fired by that very home-love, made more poignant by the phone call across the sea, Donna Grandi talked enthusi astically, her plans for her sen. The Grandis previously had planned to add to Franco’s education by send ing him to America at the age of 12. But his mother caught a tempo in the air that she wanted her son to sense in his formative years—lmmediately. Gives Word Pletores. "In New York, I shall go shopping.” she went on. “I shall buy much chil dren’s literature, and the toys I prom ised them by telephone. For my little - girl Simonetta, who has blonde hair and blue eyes, I will buy dresses.” Answering the inevitable question about "impressions of America,” Sig nora Grandl gave word pictures that later will Interest a small boy and girl In Italy—Mrs. Hoover, “very charm ing, very interesting;” Woodley, colon ial home of the Stlmson’s—"a quiet house in the middle of a great and silent grounds;”—Washington—"Oh. I like your very pretty city which my friend Mrs. Stimson so kindly showed me—and I have yet to*see those great buildings of New York!" She spoke in Italian, through an in terpreter. In the intimate after-dinner hour, at the White House, when the men go to the President’s study for their cigars, and the women chat in groups in the red room, her talk was still of her children. It was & subject that transcended any difficulties she might be having with the English language. The dis tinguished guests came to her in groups, all eager for a few words. PLAN RETRIAL OF 808 Legal Arrangements Being Made in Mail Fraud Case. NEW YORK, November 19 OF).—The retrial of Charles V. Bob on charges of mall fraud Is expected to begin as soon as the necessary legal formalities can be accomplished. An 11-man Jury yesterday reported as having stood seven to four for con viction. The trial lasted nearly seven weeks and was conducted at heavy expense to the Government, witnesses having been brought to New York from many parts of the country. A campaign against high rents tl looming in Switzerland.