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>STKON WARNS ii JAPAN OF DANGER Occupation of Russian Zone i Seen as Menacing Situation. '(Continued From First Page.) Into Manchuria, was understood by the foreign office here. Japanese officials do not take the threat seriously, how ever, as they believe China is Incapable 9t fighting Japan. OTATFS OF SEPT. SO RESTORED. league Council Proposes Investigation of Manchurian Situation. fOspyrlsht. 1931, the Associated Press.) PARIS, November 21.—The most the league cf Nations was able to accom plish today in Its attempt to effect peace in Manchuria was to obtain an agreement by China to consider a pro posal for an investigation undeT League auspices. Kdnkichl Yoshizawa. the Japanese delegate, proposed that the investiga tion be conducted throughout China proper as well as In Manchuria, The League approved the inquiry so far as Manchuria is concerned. Dr. Alfred Bze, Chinese delegate, tenaciously clung to his position that evacuation by the Japanese troops be made a prerequisite to any investiga tion. The Japanese delegate announced his government was prepared to with draw its troops to the treaty zone as soon as it was assured that the property and live* of its nationals were safe. x Back to Earlier Status. On the surface this exchange ■earned to restore the situation to the status of September 30, when M. Yoshi sawa declared evacuation would be ac complished as fast as security condi tions permitted. Japan's proposal for an Inquiry covering all China was made at a public meeting of the council. It con tained no rference to the Tokio govern ment’s frequently reiterated demand for recognition by China of the validity of existing Sino-Japanese treaties. This omission was looked upon by •League officials as an indication Japan was adopting a more conciliatory atti tude. Hope was reawakened that a peaceful solution of the conflict might be found. , .. The meeting was adjourned with the understanding that the Japanese pro posal would be put in writing in order that it might be studied by the Chinese delegation. The suggested Manchurian inquiry received the approval of the Council delegates from Great Britain, France, Italy, Poland, Jugoslavia, Norway, Guatemala, Peru, Panama and Ireland. - Put Hostilities First. Germany's delegate, Gerhard Mutlus, ■aid he thought the League’s immedi ate task was to end the hostilities in Manchuria rather than to attempt to deal with the entire Chinese problem. Alejandro Lerroux of Spain agreed with his statement, and declared the settle ment should be based on conditions of security and not on questions of treaty recognition. Dr. Sze explained his government was not opposed to an impartial Inquiry, but he could not,' he declared, discuss any such proposal unless Japan agreed that hostilities cease immediately and that evacuation begin without delay “The military occupation ol China’s territory by Japanese forces in viola tion of solemn treaties and of the League covenant is the crux of the situ ation,” Dr, Sze declared. “No disposition which fails to pro vide for the immediate cessation of all military operations and the withdrawal of those forces, Immediately set in mo tion and progressively executed over a period of time of the shortest possible duration, can pretend to be a solution of the problem. Will Assume Responsibility. “My government cannot bargain for withdrawal or consent that withdrawal be made dependent upon any other matter than the arranging of details for the securing of the safety cf life and property in the evacuated areas. "I affirm my former declarations that China Is prepared to assume full re sponsibility for the maintenance of pub ► lie order and the security of life and property of Japanese nationals in Man churia outside the area of the (Japa nese operated) South Manchurian Rail way. “If further assurances seem necessary, any reasonable arrangement involving neutral co-operation under the auspices of the league will be accepted. Suffering Increasing. f "Face to face with events which rapidly march from bad to worse we have long been engaged in discussions k which have led to no fruitful results except, perhaps, to maxe more clear the issue which is before the Council. “This issue is now plain and the time has come to act, for while we debate suffering is increasing and irreparable ‘ damage Is being done. ’ “Further delay can render only more difficult the task which confronts . us. “In order to secure prompt and com plete evacuation of its territory China has the firm Intention of demand, as circumstances may require, every right and remedy secured to it as a member of the League of Nations by Article XI or any other article or articles.” Yoshizawa’* Proposal. ( M. Yoshizawa made his propoeal to * the Council in these words: “The Japanese government believes the essential condition of a funda mental solution of the question is the - true knowledge of the situation in its entirety, in China as well as in Manchuria. “In this spirit Japan proposes that the League of Nations send to the spot • commission of study • * *. “It is understood this commission would not be competent to intervene in negotiations which might be pro gressing between the two parties nor to supervise the movements of military forces of one party or the other.” This last clause was interpreted as not preventing the study of the mili tary situation, but only as forbidding the issuance of directions to the mili tary commanders. r . CHINA RENEWS APPEAL. NANKING, November 21 (7P>.—The Chinese government today renewed Its appeal to Japan to enter into direct negotiations for withdrawal of Japanese troops from occupied territory in Man churia. Its new note to Tokio remarked that If “recent aggressive actions of Japa nese” represented Japan's fixed policy, then her indorsement of a League of Nations’ resolution on September 30, in which it was understood Japan should withdraw troops to the railway zone, Was incomprehensible. The Japanese government was asked to “change its past policy immediately and negotiate with commissioners al ready appointed by the Chinese for that purpose, details for the withdrawal es Japanese troops and the retrocession of evacuated territory, so that Japanese troops now Invading and occupying va rious centers in Manchuria may be completely withdrawn forthwith and ye ace restored.” War Commander Dies. SCHWERIN, Germany. November 21 HP). —Gen. Bruno von Mudra, who com manded an army corps at Longwy and In the Argonne in the World War, died today at the age of 80. He was a car penter’s sop, ennobled shortly before the World War began. In 1923, at the §m» erf the Ruhr Invasion, he was ar restedby the French at Wleebwfcn. I John D., 92, Beats “ Youngster” of 80 IBy the Associated Press. /YRMOND, Fla., November *l. W Playing during a lull in threat ening weather. John D. Rock efeller, 92, administered a sound > drubbing to his “youthful” com ' panion, Simon J. Peabody, 80-year old philanthropist of Winona Lake, Ind., in a golf match here today. “He ought to beat me—he's old er,” said Peabody when the game was finished. He offered the ex cuse that he did not play golf every day. while his “young friend” Rock efeller keeps in constant practice. : CHURCH ACTIVITY OUTLINED ON AIR I Federation Secretary Re views Religious Life Under Auspices of C. of C. The accomplishments of the Wash ington Federation of Churches after 12 years as an active force in the social, educational and religious life of the Capital were reviewed last night by Rev. W. L. Darby, executive secretary of the federation, in an address over Radio Station WMAL, under auspices of the Washington Chamber of Com merce. “Throughout its history, Washington has been known as a city of churches and church-going people,” Rev. Mr. Darby said. The speaker pointed out that at least half of the population is enrolled iQ the 399 churches of the community, representing 42 recognized religious bodies. Rev. Mr. Darby traced the present spirit of religious “co-operation,” a manifestation of which was the local federation of churches, through four periods of development during the past four centuries—,rst, a period of bitter antagonism, then a period of toleration, followed by a period of competition, culminated today by a period of co operation. “Happily,” Rev. Mr. Darby said, “we are not in the early stages of the fourth period.” He declared that in business and commerce the old days of isolation are gone forever, and that the churches in most of the major American cities “are just beginning to follow this worthy example. No one can Imagine a city the size of ours,” he said, “with out its Chamber of Commerce or some similar organization.” Likewise, it followed, Rev. Mr. Darby continued, that the churches of a large and enlightened city should seek unl ' fled action. He traced the growth of the federation from an original mem bership of 55 churches 12 years ago to its present strength of 115 churches, along with the enlargement of the fed eration’s activities. The speaker called attention to the good work accomplished in the life of the city by the federation’s various committees. These include a Music Committee, which sponsored the recent appearance of the Westminster Choir; committees on civic affairs, religious drama and pageantry, employment, evangelism, finance, the practice of in ternational good will, race relations, religious education, vacation schools, i young people’s activities, social service and the welfare of the Woman’s Coun cil of the Federation in Juvenile Court and the hospitals. “Uncounted thousands of people are familiar with our Christmas project— i the distribution of stockings and greet • ing cards in the hospitals on Christ ! mas morning, enlivened by the singing of carols. Last year 4,000 such stock ings were distributed, with 150 young people assisting. The success of this undertaking was made possible by the work and contribution of hundreds of people. The project is under way again this year and it Is expected that it may be possible to match that record of 1930. This year at Easter time 1,000 potted hyacinths were distributed to hospital patients under a similar plan. People are glad to help make these ef forts successful in the name of the united churches of Washington. “The accomplishments of these 12 years show what can be done by unified planning and concerted endeavor. The federation Is earnestly trying to help the churches of Washington fill that large place, to which they are entitled, in the manifold life of our Nation’s Capital.” SERVICE—ACTION! Service is perhaps one of the sublimest words in our language. There are thousands of kinds of service; service to your loved ones; service to your family; service of parents to children; service of children to parents; service to your community; service to your nation; service to humanity. “Duty' is a word carrying with it the idea of a passive state; one may realize one’s duty and not do anything about it. “Service” requires not only realization, but , demands action. We believe this bank, since its inception, has been rendering a distinct and valuable service to this community in extending bank ing credit to the individual as well as offering the individual the opportunity of keeping his idle money working at a substantial rate of interest by means of a savings account. That the Morris Plan of Banking hasbcenand is rendering a distinct service to the country* and the particular localities in which its vari ous banks are located, is concurred in by mapy of the outstanding minds of the country, m i eluding at least two Presidents of the United States; former members of the cabinet; phi lanthropists; financiers; bankers; statesmen; ; and outstanding business geniuses; as well as ’ thousands of American citizens who have themselves benefited by the service rendered 1 by Morris Plan Banks. 1 r Norris Plan Bank \ Under Supervision U. S. Treasury 1 \ I 1408 H Street Northwest *■■» I' f Caniral & Surnlua. 5250.000 |SSS!I s THE SUNDAY STAR, WASHINGTON. D. C., NOVEMBER 22. 1931—PART ONE. TOWN OF ANGANCHI IN STRATEGIC SPOT Stands Near "Spark Gap” of Railway and Economic Interests of Japan. “The little village of Anganchi, cap tured by Japanese forces in the drive on Tsitsihar, capital of Heilungkiang, possesses an importance far out of pro portion to its limited population because it stands near a kind of ‘spark gap,’ | supercharged with the economic ambi- I tions and railway interest of Japan, , China and Russia in Northwestern l Manchuria,” says a bulletin from the headquarters of the National Geo graphic Society. Northernmost Station. “Anganchi is 2 miles south of Tsi tsihar Station, the junction of the Chi nese and Russian controlled Chinese Eastern Railway and the narrow-gauge spur line leading north to Tsitsihar City. Anganchi also is the northern most statii x on the new Chinese-op erated, Japanese-built railway line from , Taonanfu. An extension of this line, entirely Chinese owned, runs from An ; gan chi through Tsitsihar Station to the ■ Tsitsihar, roughly paralleling the narrow-gauge line and crossing over . the main line of the Chinese Eastern , Railway on a bridge. ! “Anganchi was practically unheard of until the new line, pushing up from Taonanfu during the last decade, built its terminal in the town, 2 miles short of the important junction at Tsitsihar Station. “In a land which has constructed more miles of railway in recent years than any other part of the world, and which in some places laid new lines at the rate of a mile a day, It may seem strange that the 2-mile gap between Anganchi and Tsitsihar Station was not ; closed for many months. Treaty Rights Involved. “Treaty rights, dating from the close of the Russo-Japanese War, were in volved. The Taonanfu-Anganchl rail way was built with funds loaned to the Chinese by a syndicate of Japanese banks, who In turn gave the construc tion contract to the South Manchurian Railway Co. “When the line reached Anganchi the Chinese Eastern Railway, jointly controlled by Soviet Russia and China, objected to the crossing of its main line by a railroad linked with the South Manchurian Railway (Japanese) inter ests. Consequently, when the line was finally continued to Tsitsihar Station, to Tsitsihar itself, and to the City of Tai anchen beyond, only Chinese capital was employed. “Aside from the yarns and station of the railroad lines, Anganchi possesses little to distinguish it from hundreds of other mud-walled villages in the wind swept farming and grazing lands of the Nonni River Basin. The inhabitants, several hundred in number, are mainly Russians, although the influx of Chinese has been noticeable since the comple tion of the railway lines to the north and south of it. Heavy Traffic Reported. “Tsitsihar Station, the actual meeting place of the Chinese Eastern main line and the new north-south railroad, boasts no houses not connected with the railway interest*. The new railroad crosses over the Chinese Eastern on a bridge. Nearby is the old narrow gauge line connecting Tsitsihar Station with the City of Tsitsihar. “According to reports received by the United States Department of Com merce early in Septenroer, the new line from Anganchi north mrough Tsitsihar to Taianchen broke all records for traffic in Manchuria early this year. Construction work is being continued on the line to Koshanchen. Eventually it will reach the Siberian border and connect with a branch of the Trans- Siberian Railroad at Biagoveschchensk.” Former German Minister Dies. BRANDENBURGH. Germany, No vember 21 UP). —Friedrich Wilhelm von Loebell, former Prussian minister of the interior, died today. He was 76. He came into prominence in 1925, when by his creation of the so-called Relchs bloc, he insured the election of Presi dent von Hindenburg. Austria now has 1,050,000 cotton spin ning spindles. WORLD SEES JAPANESE FIRMLY ESTABLISHED IN MANCHURIAN AREA (Continued From Firs* Page.) cause it is her national will and de termination to do so,” says Borah. That is recognized to be the brutal truth. In Washington there are many for eign diplomats and statesmen who know the Far East through long official resi dence there. What is now happening in Manchuria takes few of these au thorities by surprise. They assert it is merely the materialization of long-cher ished and far-reaching Japanese plans. One of these Old World representatives recalls a conversation with Baron Shide hara. Japanese foreign minister, a few years ago when China Was in the midst of one of her chronic civil wars. The Occidental asked the Oriental states man why Japan did not seize that par ticular moment to "consolidate her posi tion” in Manchuria. “Wait and see. wait and see,” was Shldehara’s laconic reply. Well, Japan has waited and the world now sees. What Japan was waiting for today is as plain as the fact that she has not waited in vain. The Japanese held their hand until the time when Europe and America would be so engrossed in mat ters of more vital interest than the “in tegrity of China” that this could merit only their secondary consideration. Japan, as the most astute observers of her present action are wholly persuaded, decided that world-wide economic de pression gave the Japanese at last their great and coveted opportunity to expand in Manchuria. Not only has economic depression paralyzed the powers' en thusiasm for adventures on the other side of the globe, but Japan sees Europe Itself immersed in such a mess of politi cal turmoil, suspicion and tension of its own that Tokio statesmen had little trouble in convincing themselves no se rious opposition need be expected from the Old World. As Tokio surveyed the United States, it came to the conclusion that equally little danger existed of forceful American hostility to Japanese designs. It is not a time, Japan con cluded, that the American people, con sidering both their business conditions and their political inclinations, would resort to extremes of any kind to save China from the results of her own follies. Followed German Example. Japan may well have had the German example of 1914 in mind, in determining that the time to flout the world was at the hour the world Is compelled to con centrate on its own troubles. Berlin, 17 years ago, also discovered a Europe and America apparently little concerned with external affairs. Great Britain had an Irish rebellion on its hands. France was immersed in the scandals of the Caillaux trial. Russia was smolder ing with revolution. The United States was quarreling with Mexico and mobiliz ing expeditionary forces on the Texas border. Berlin made up its mind that “the day” had arrived, and struck. Japan, like one of her famed wrestlers, watched for her chance and then re sorted to the stranglehold. Though Europe and America are not yet ready to admit for publication that they contemplate Japan’s conquest of Manchuria with equanimity, they admit privately, through the mouths of many spokesmen, that it is perhaps best for the world that things are turning out as they have done. The non-Aslatlc nations, as a European Ambassador at Washington puts it, “are about fed up with China,” with her incessant civil wars, with the chronic reign of ban ditry, with the hopeless impotence of the NationalLst government, and gen erally with that structureless and cha otic mass euphoniously called China. That being so, the orderliness which follows the Japanese flag is not alto gether unwelcome to outside nations, especially great trading nations like the United States, which want to do busi ness, and do It under safe conditions, in China. In other words, a Japanized or Japan-supervised Manchuria is looked upon as a sure guaranty of sta bility In a sprawling part of China R. HARRIS & CO. GENUINE Stieff Rose Sterling An Exquisite and Practical Christmas Gift So heavy in solid sterling and so ex /jfigjygi tremely low in price, you can use it daily for every meal. It will give generations of service! But because silver bullion has advanced about 25% in cost since these prices be came effective, it would be wise ttf UpSAC make your selections immediately! These Present Low Prices lfijjiH Are Temporary Subject to Change Without Notice 6 Teaspoons $5.50 4C 6 Knives, med 12.50 * 6 Forks, med '. 12.50 fe 6 Salad Forks 7.50 E 6 Cream, Soup Spoons 10.50 a* 6 Butter Spreads 7.00 Ijjfl 6 Oyster Forks 5.50 Kjl 6 Dessert Spoons..,. 10.50 Ggft 6 Iced-Tea Spoons 9.00 6 Table Spoons 15.00 1 Butter Knife 2.00 I Child’s 5p00n.,.. 125 wtuff \l 1 ° live s P° on «. A 1.25 I’l 1 Serving Spoon 3.50 M(• ,11 Sugar 5p00n..... 1.50 W| ,/// 1 B °con Fork.. 2.50 W\ illi t 1 C ° ,d Meat Fork 4.00 ’m '•)lM I Lemon Fork 75 c \ v j W 1 M, >onneise Ladle... 3.50 1 Jelly Server 2.00 2-piece Steak Set 4.50 , Request Complete Price List A DEPOSIT RESERVES ANY GIFT SELECTION ryiajris&Co. F Street at Eleventh Jewelers and Diamond Merchants for Over Half • Century which has not known stability for a generation. There is another, and perhaps even more satisfactory, silver fining to the cloud which for the moment hangs L over the slturtion in the East. A Man churia dominated by Japan means the. setting up of a bulwark against Soviet Russia, which long has had notorious ambitions to sweep across the great . province and Communlze all China. The danger may have been less recently i than in the past because of unconceal able signs that indicate Russia requires . concentration of the Soviet's energies on its strictly home problems. One of . the common explanations of Japan’s ■ apparent brazenness in Invading the ! Russian sphere in Manchuria Is Tokio’s ; knowledge that the Soviet at the mo ment is not in position to war against Japan on China’s account. Finally, it is beginning to dawn on the baffled outside world that despite contrary impressions the Japanese civil government and the Japanese military party have been working hand in hand. The Manchurian conquest is their Joint achievement. While Premier Wakat suki and Foreign Minister Shidehara were refusing to accept "League dicta ; tion,” their generals were acting In ; Manchuria. (Copyright, 1931.) i LOWER RAILWAGE PACT IS EXPECTED Carrier Line Heads and Union Men Believed Nearing Agreement. i By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, November 21.—Rail road presidents and representatives of • 21 unions sat together for an hour and ! a half today around a conference table, where voluntary wage reductions were understood to be the subject of diacus -1 slon, and then adjourned until tomor- I row without announcing whether any ! conclusions had been reached. As Daniel Willard, president of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and chair man of the railroad executive group, left the conference he issued a brief statement, which he refused to amplify. “We have had a short meeting,” he said; “we will meet tomorrow, probably at 2 p.m. In the same place.” From those close to the conferees It : was understood that both this after [ noon’s joint session and the separate i meetings of rail executives and broth erhood leaders this morning were en ’ tlrely amicable. The employes’ representatives were , said to have recognized the plight of . the roads and agreed to recommend i to the unions some form of temporary , wage reduction, If the executives will inaugurate certain reforms in working conditions and utilize the money saved ! by the pay cuts in alleviating unem ployment conditions. This “if” was reported to have been ; the temporary stumbling block which ’ prevented a quick agreement. Before ’ the adjournment, however, those at the ■ conference table were said to have ■ reached a “trading stage,” with both , sides giving and taking in order to per : feet some sort of an agreement satis ; factory to every one. ) • ' ■' CRIME SLUMP AIDS NEEDY ’ San Francisco Puts Patrols to Hauling Pood. L SAN FRANCISCO, November 21 UP. , —There has been such a let-up in ; crime here recently that Chief of Police William J. Quinn said today he would , let some of his patrol wagon* be used ; by a local newspaper to distribute gifts i of food and clothing to needy families. Twice, recently, 24 hours passed with . out a single call for police. BARGAINING SEEN KEYIN MANCHURIA Japanese Motive Declared to Get Territory for Which to Negotiate. (Continued From First Page.) clally the United State*, not to object to the “de facto” occupation of the whole of Southern Manchuria. Satisfied Governments. The diplomatic action of the Tokio cabinet was excellent. It consisted In promises that the Japanese had no real Intention to take anything away from the Chinese. These promises, together with those of the Japanese diplomats abroad that the troops would be with drawn as soon as the situation war ranted it and that the troops would not advance further after certain Important points were occupied, lulled Into a sen timent of security most of the foreign governments. It seems that the Council of the League did not see through the Japa nese plan when it decided to Issue the famous ultimatum ordering the Japa nese out of Manchuria by November 16. The American Government was never a party to that ultimatum, because it realized from the very beginning that the Japanese would not obey it. The League of Nations took a big chance by Issuing such a peremptory order to Japan and Is suffering today the consequences of its action. In order to save their own face, the members of the CouncU are endeavor ing to find a scapegoat and seem to want to throw the blame of their fail ure on the hesitant attitude of the United States. According to reports received from Europe, it appears that the majority of the members of the Council say that their failure Is due to the luke-warm attitude we have adopted when we were asked to come to me rescue of the Kellogg pact, the nine-power pact and the League's prestige. United States Did Utmost. This may seem true to European diplomats. As a matter of fact, the Government of the United States had done all that was In its power to save those treaties and the face of the League, which had blundered by order ing the Japanese out of Manchuria at a fixed date. The American Government went further than anybody In this country expected It to go when it authorized Consul Prentiss B. Gilbert to sit at the Council of the League; It supported the League by sending to Tokio strong diplomatic notes, some of them so strong that It was considered Inad visable to have them published. Secre tary Stlmson Is reported to have used all the influence this country has In trying to bring the Japanese to rea son and the administration Is reliably reported to have been willing to join I All Cars the Latest Free Wheeling Models FOUR GOOD “BUYS” STUDEBAKER Display Cars Convertible chrome radiator grille and twin ■p j . plated horns; all windows are shat ivoaasier terproof glass, upholstery is a smart One of Studebaker’s most popular and durable Bedford cord; driven 450 models is the Convertible Roadster. miles; regular price, $1,985. You can A large number have been sold to buy it at a big saving, discriminating Washington people. We have one which has been driven Dir*tdtr*r 550 miles for demonstrating. It is c J ° like new in every respect. It is one ScdaH of the fastest cars built and holds -with 5 wire wheels—one of the - more A. A. A. stock car records than most popu i ar • n , odels built by Stude ail other makes put together baker. Finished in a beautiful shade Its 8-cylmder motor develops 122 of blue known as Danube blue. A h.p. Its w eelbase is 130 inches and delightful car to handle. Driven 650 is equipped with ball-bearing spring miles. Regular price, $1,300. Can be shackles and many other exclusive bought at a b i g sav ing. Studebaker features. It has Free Wheeling, of course. ~ j u 1 The regular price is $2,215. You btUdebaker 6 can buy this one if you get there in Sedan time —at a big saving. , , , . , . , —black with 6 wire wheels, large Commander “8” .chromium hubs, broadcloth uphol- Dpp. | sterv. A large, roomy car with sleek oCUail lines, tine appointments and plenty of 124-inch wheelbase, 101 h.p., black performance. Regular price, $1,130. with 6 wire wheels, metal tire covers, Substantial discount. ' * . * It will pay you to act quickly if interested. These are superb cars of proven performance. They are more modern and up-to-date than many of next year's models will be. LIBERAL ALLOWANCE ON YOUR OLD CAR EASY TERMS ON BALANCE DISTRIBUTORS OF STUDEBAKER 14th and, R Sts. N.W. ' Columbia 5050 . . . H's: ■ - ■ . .»>- It - the other powers in any action of moral pressure. But the League, realising its inability to handle Japan by pure moral pressure, decided on some serious action, such as an economic boycott. The American Government was com pelled to diss&ssociate itself from the , other powers, not only because such I a boycott would hurt our economic in terests more than it would hurt those of any other power, but because an economic boycott is considered I tantamount to a declaration of war, and it is only the Congress of the United States that can decide upon such a measure. Much as the Government of this country desires to co-operate with the other nations to safeguard the sanctity of the treaties guaranteeing an ami cable settlement of disputes among na tions, it cannot pledge Congress to any action. This is the reason why ■ Ambassador Dawes told the members of the League Council that America' cannot join them in a boycott against Japan and that we must reserve our complete freedom of action. » May Turn to Chinese. Under the circumstances it appears doubtful whether the League will con i tinue to wish to enforce drastic actions against Japan. It Is more likely that It will endeavor to persuade the Chinese ■ to come to an agreement with the ; Japanese. The recent actions of the Japanese ‘ military seem to be taken with the view of facilitating such a move. The Japanese have occupied Tsitsihar and a few points north of that impor > t*ht railway junction. These points are in the Russian zone of influence, which the Japanese do not Intend to invade for the time being at least. The Japanese have no haphazard policies. They have set out to con solidate their position in Southern Manchuria and are determined to do 1 so regardless of what the rest of the world may think or say. Today, how ever, the Japanese have occupied more than they really want to keep. Ac cording to well informed sources, the object of the Japanese general staff is to have sufficient extra territory in , their position so as to enable their government to bargain with the Chinese and by returning them some of the occupied area, to save the face of the Chinese negotiators. Want Railway Control. The Japanese want to consolidate their position in Southern Manchuria and control effectively not only the South Manchurian railways, but also those the Chinese have built with Japanese capital. If they can do that they will assure the complete control of every outlet on the Pacific south of Vladivostok. The Japanese government Is deter mined to complete the line which runs from Chan Chung through Kirin to a warm-water seaport near Yuki to be built south of Vladivostok. They want to complete the railway line from Tunhwa to the Sea of Japan and do not want any possible interference with their plans either by the Chinese or 1 any other nation. Tor this they need the complete and unquestioned control 1 of Southern Manchuria and mean to stay there as complete masters. The other areas in Northern Man churia they have occupied recently are, it is believed here, mere bargain ing points which they consider indis pensable In order to obtain from the Chinese what Japan actually wants. URGE REVAMPING OF JOB AGENCIES C. of C. Adopts Report Recom mending Federal Super vision of Private Concerns. By the Associated Press. BUFFALO, November 21.—Officers and directors of the United States Chamber of Commerce at their annual meeting here today unanimously ap proved a report which recommended a complete revamping of the machinery of governmental and private employ ment agencies. The report was presented by Ells worth W. McCullough, manager of the department of manufactures, and David F. Edwards. Boston, head of a spe cial committee. As outlined in a state ment issued after the meeting. It recommended that the Federal Govern ment remain in the employment busi ness and exercise supervision over pri vate fee-charging agencies. The direc tors of the chamber will recommend, on the strength of the report, that separate governmental offices be main tained for' placing of farm labor ancj war veterans. The report also suggested establish ment of an advisory council and plac ing of the personnel of governmental agencies under Civil Service regulation] It recommended compilation of statis tics for the purpose of interstate ex change of labor and to determine where the greatest need for workers exists. Another phase of the report advo cated current monthly reports to the Advisory Council at Washington enactment of legislation compelling private agencies to submit similar re->- ports. Each State, the report stated, should enact laws governing private agencies, should issue an annual license and should exact a fee from the agency. --- • SAVAGELY TORN BODY FOUND AT FORT FUNSTON! San Francisco Police Believe J>yng-, mite Was Used to Hide Iden tity of Victim. * i * By the Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO. November 21. Discovery of a savagely tom body in the woods near Fort Funston led police to believe that dynamite had been used to tear the body to bits in an attempt tq hide the identity of the dead man. Parts of the body were strewn on the ground and other portions flung into the trees. Police, called immediately, said the body apparently was that of a man. but that identification from the parts al ready discovered was practically im-. possible. Officers Investigating said they be lieved the victim was slain only a few hours before the scattered remains wera discovered.