OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 11, 1931, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1931-12-11/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for A-4

JAPANESE CABINET
Wakatsuki Ministry’s Policy
on Foreign Affairs and
Finances Causes Crisis.
»■*» * ■' .. ■"■■■ 1 '■
(Continued From First Page.)_
order was restored. The opposition
cites ,*uch incidents as illustrations ol
the undesirability of a one-party gov
ernment.
The. Diet will resume its sessions on
December 24 and at the very outset the
new cabinet, should it be formed by the
present opposition, will face two prob
lems of the utmost importance in the
Manchurian situation and the contro
versy over a gold embargo.
TheSeiyukai would deal sternly with
both, having pledged itself a month ago
In favor of suspending the gold stand
ard. and stiffening the policy in Man
churia.
The opposition has been showing
alarm for a long time over the con
tinued outflow of gold, contending that
Japan's currency system is in danger.
Since October specie shipments to the
United States have totaled 304,000,000
yen ($152,000,0001.
SEEKS COMMISSION MEMBERS
Selection of Personnel for Manchuria
Neutral Inquiry Considered.
PARIS. December 11 (P).—The
League of Nations Council, following
acceptance yesterday of China and
Japan of the final draft of its Man
churian peace proposal, began today a
search for members of the neutral com
mission called for in the plan.
Committee members appointed to
select the personnel of the neutral com
mission urged the establishment of the
committee of observers as rapidly as
passible and Chairman Brland. with Dr.
Salvador de Madariaga of Spain,
possibly Lord Tyrrell Instead of. Lord
Cecil of Great Britain and Erik An
dreas Colban, director of Administrative
Commissions and Minorities Questions
of the League staff have been selected
as a committee to fill the places.
The task is expected to take several
days. Several persons already have
been approached, notably Gen. Bernard
Serrigny. secretary of the French Na
tional Defense Committee, but his ac
ceptance was considered doubtful.
Former Finance Minister Carlo
Bchanzer or Vittorio Cerruti, diplomat
and ambassador, were on the list of
possibilities a* Italian member of the
committee.
Ambassador Charles G. Dawes left
Paris at noon today for London. He
came here nearly a month ago as
United States observer durin gthe con
sideration of the Manchurian contro
versy by the League.
ARMIES SETTLING DOWN.
Cold Weather in Sooth Manchuria
Hamper* Bandit* and Guerrillas.
Cooyrtcht. 1*11, by th« Awoclated Press.
MUKDEN. Manchuria, December 11.
—Military force* In Manchuria today
appeared to be settling deeper Into hi
bernation for the Winter a* the League
of Nations Council at Paris prepared to
■helve the perplexities which have occu
pied it for the last few weeks.
Since Japan * drive on Chinchow was
halted November 28 there have been no
major alterations of Japanese wnllitary
dispositions in, any parteof Manchuria
except the return of the 2d Division
to headquarters at Liaoyang, where it
was stationed previous to September 18,
when the first activity began.
The consensus of available informa
tion also leads to the conclusion that
the situation of the Chinese at Chin
chow likewise had not changed during
the past week although the Japanese
have charged that the Chinese were
reinforcing the area with Intent to open
an offensive.
Among Japanese military and civilian
spokesmen the discussion continues to
be over the possibility of "necessity for
Japanese action to clear the Chinchow
area." These almost unanimously agree
that if the Chinese army around Chin
chow attacks the Japanese forces the
latter must retaliate drastically, but
convincing evidence that the Chinese
Intend an offensive is lacking.
Japanese advocates of the establish
ment of an autonomous government in
Manchuria under Japan's protection
also insist the Chinchow area must be
cleared out before such a state can
properly he organized or thrive.
Snow Halt* Banditry.
\ Thus far. however, Indications have
been lacking here as to whether either
the Japanese cabinet or the general
staff at Toklo will heed the advices to
permit Gen. Honjo to strike again.
A heavy snow fell last night and
today throughout the southern part cf
South Manchuria and this was re
garded as likely to restrict the move
ments of bandits and guerillas, ac
counts of whose attacks ui the South
Manchurian Railway zone and ad
jacent territories have filled Japanese
headquarters communiques during the
past 10 days.
A dispatch from Peiping said rail
road service to Tientsin was suspended
today, as a heavy snowfall buried the
track for miles
Chinese reports there also said Jap
anese airplanes dropped five bombs in
the Panshan area along the Yingkow
Kowpangtze Railway today, killing a
woman. Foreign observers are on the
w-ay to Yingkow.
CHINA NOT SATISFIED.
Govcri’ment Say* Acceptance of Reso
lution Only Alternative to War. ,
NANKING, China, December 11 t/P). 1
—Chinese government circles admitted i
today that the League Council's Man- j
churian resolution was unsatisfactory
to China, but was accepted to avert
war with Japan.
The Government wished to prove its
sincerity, it was said, and to adhere
to its originally declared intention to
abide by the League's decision and to
trust in the league's ability to arrive
at a just solution.
Moreover, Government leaders had
been convinced acceptance of the pro
posal was the only alternative to war.
an eventuality for which China was in
no fit state
Offlciifl circles revealed that pro
visional arrangements had been com
pleted between representatives of the
Ptping-Mukden Railway and Japanese
military authorities arranging for the
protection of that line, especially the!
section between Hsinmintun and Ta
hushan.
Negotiations were understood to be in
progress for the protection of the rail
way between Tahushan and Shanhaik
wan also.
TREE' FOR POOR PLANNED
_
Gospel Workers to Present Gifts to
Alley Dwellers.
Plans for a Christmas tree for poor
mother^ and their children living in the
courts and alleys of the city arc bMr.r
ma^e by the National Gospel Workers’
Aid Society and its secretary-treasurer
Mrs Jj, Milton Waldron,
Mrs. Waldron has been active for
many years in connection with work
among the alley dwellers. Her husband,
during his life, was president of the so
ciety. r
The tree exercises, which will be held
aome time during the holidays, will in
clude the distribution of clothing and
toys tajh« unfortunates. Contributions
have bee* asked bv Mrs Waldrdn, who
can be ^fkched at 1334 V street.
, *»* ' rtf 1
Help Charity Game
»
JUNIOR LEAGUE MEMBERS TO SELL PROGRAMS.
THESE three Junior Leaguers Mrs. Richard Porter Davidson, Mrs. John
Caswell, Jr., and Katrina McCormick deft to right), will sell programs
at Griffith Stadium tomorrow, when the Crimson Tide of Alabama plays
Georgetown, George Washington and Catholic Universities.
—Star Staff Photo.
LEAGUE'S MANCHURIAN ACTION
SEEN AS SATISFYING EVERY ONE
Tokio Got What It Wanted—China Given
Everything Possible Under Cir
cumstances—Council Pleased.
BY CONSTANTINE BROWN.
Tlie Chinese-Japanese conflict over
Manchuria has ended, as far as the
Council of the League of Nations Is con
cerned. in a satisfactory rranner for all
concerned. The principal members of
the League's Council have been able
to make speeches which might save the
face of the League if nobody bothers
to scratch the surface and analyse the
real value of the agreement: the Japa
nese got all they wanted and are not
restricted in their future activities in
Manchuria, and China got all It could
get under the circumstances.
Secretary Stimson, in a statement Is
sued last night, expressed his satisfac
tion at the agreement reached by the
Council, at which Gen. Dawes played
no small part. But after having ex
pressed his gratification, the Secretary
could not re 1 rain from throwing some
real light at the intrinsic value of the
agreement, which depends entirely on
China’s and Japan’s good faith.
Mr. Stimson said: "The government
of this country, as one of the signa
tories of the Kellogg-Briand pact and
of the nine-pow’er pact, cannot dis
guise its concern over the events which
have there un Manchuria) transspired.
The future efficacy of the resolution of
the Council of the League of Nations
depends upon the good faith with
which the pledge against renewed hos
tilities is carried out by both parties.
The American Government will con
tinue to follow with solicitous interest
all developments in thLs situation in
the light of the obligations involved in
the treaties to which this country is a
part.”
secretary sumson s last sentence
especially regarded by many as a dis
creet warning to all concerned that
America does not regard the white
washing resolution adopted in Paris as
giving either of the two Asiatic antag
onists a free hand to disregard further
the treaties to which they have be
come a party on their own volition.
In order not to leave any illusions
as to the value of the League of Na
tions Council's resolution the spokes
man of the Japanese foreign office
hastened last night to declare that
“Japan is not restricted, by the Coun-|
cil’s resolution from taking police,
measures to protect the life and prop
erty of the Japanese citizens, especially
in the Chinchow area, and the League's
commission of inquiry activities will
have to be limited because in the
opinion of the Japanese foreign office
this commission will have no authority
to investigate Japan’s military arrange
ments nor interfere in the negotia
tions which may materialize between
China and Japan.”
This last paragraph is full of mean
ing. The only really constructive ac
tion ol the League’s resolution was the
appointment of this neutral commission
of inquiry. Mr. Stimson hailed this
provision as an “important and con
structive step toward an ultimate and
fair solution of the intricate problem
presented in Manchuria. It mrans the
application with the consent of China
and Japan of modern and enlightened
methods of conciliation.” Yet the
Japanese foreign office took the first
opportunity to spike the value of such
a commission by making the above
mentioned restriction which render the
visit of the members a mere Cook’s
tour trip on the frozen Manchurian
plains.
Furthermore the policy of this coun
try was expressed when it was said
that we are opposed to China and
Japan negotiating a treaty while Japan
holds a pistol at China's head. The
continued presence of Japan's troops in
Manchuria would imply that any agree
ment arrived at under these circum
sirnces would under duress.
According to the League's resolution
Japan and China will refrain from any
initiative which may lead to further
fighting. The Japanese representative
at the Council was able, how'ever, prac
tically to nullify this paragraph by
making the following reservation: "This
paragraph does not prejudice the right
of the Japanese forces to take such
measures as may be necessary to assure
directly the protection of the life and
property of Japanese subjects against
bandits and lawless elements rampant
in various parts of Manchuria. These
measures will be exceptional ones, and
the restoration of normal conditions
will remove the necessity for such meas
ures."
This statement means a good deal.
The situation has been troubled in
China for the last 10 years and promises
to remain so for an undetermined
period. Consequently the Japanese, in
spite of the League's resolution calling
for the speedy withdrawal of their
troops, reserve their right to maintain
their forces in Manchuria for an un
limited length of time.
This viewpoint cf the Japanese gov
ernment is especilaly unpalatable to
the new conception of foreign policies
as expressed by Secretary Stimson last
Spring. We had an almost similar
situation in Nicaragua, where the San
dinists have been attacking Americans
and destroying their property. When
the interested concerns appealed to the
State Department asking for adequate
protection, the Secretary of State made
an important dci'arstion to the efTect
that while the American Government is
prepared to send' ships m the coast
to take on board any American citizens
whose lives may be endangered by the. i
action of the bandits or the jebell
elements, this Government is hot pre-1
pared to send troops to protect the '
property cf American business men who
are in foreign countries at their own
risk and responsibility.
***• • ivua.cu lmrrnaiionai
law, saying that it rests upon the es
tablished and recognized governments
to protect the life and property of all
individuals who live outside their
states, and that foreigners are taking,
as f»r as their property is concerned,
the same chances as the natives of a
troubled country. Mr. Stimson’s dec
laration of policy had a wide reper
cussion, not only throughout South
America, but throughout the world,
because he indicated clearly that th"
old-time policy of a strong nation be
ing able to bully a weak and disturbed
nation is a thing of the past
In the light of this declaration of
policy, naturally the Japanese state
ment that they have to keep a whole
army in Manchuria to protect the life
and property of Japanese citizens is
received with little favor In this
country.
The real feelings of the nations which
have participated at the drafting of the
resolution but have no particular in
terest either in Manchuria nor in the
saving of the League of Nations prestige
were expressed by the representative of
Peru. Gonzales Prada, wm»> in a short
statement Lid down the princip’e that
' no state has the right to effect a mili
tary occupation of territory of another
to assure execution cf certain treaties
and, second, thrt no state his the right
to impose negotiations on the basis of
such an occupation.”
This statement is believed to have
been inspired by the German delegate
who wanted the Council of the League
to register the principles of such a
policy in view of the possible develop
ments in Europe in the course of the
next few months. If Japan's occupa
tion of Manchuria enforce the treaty of
1915 were to remain unchallenged, the
Germans are afraid that France might
conceivably do the same thing in case
the Germans discontinue the payment
of reparations provided by the treaty of
Versailles. The consequences of such a
failure would be, if the French adopt
the Japanese strong hand method, the
occupation of certain sections of Ger
many.
It was important for all concerned,
that such a statement of policies should
be made at the Council's last meeting
in order that Japan's occupation or
Manchuria should not be regarded as a
precedent.
Trade Men Laud Glassford
HANDLING OF "HL’NGF.R MARCH" PRAISED.
Af3S,°.LUTION commending Brig. Gen. Peiham D. Glassford for the suer
^“f.VlLr™tlner ^ which he directed the handling of the recent visit of
™archfrs tothe Capital was presented to the police chief
iSKwl0?!6,?' Offutt, president of the Washington Board of
, . ™f< ^hlch vpted the resolution of praise Wednesday. Photo shows
rj^lt Commissioner Herbert B. Crosby. Inspector F. 8. W. sirtte. Gen’
Glass! ord, Insyctor E. W. Brown and Mr. Offutt. —Star St5ff Photo!
TRADE PACT PUN
WINS IN BELGIUM
Continuance of Negotiations
With France, Holland and
England Approved.
By the Associated Press.
BRUSSELS, December 11.—The
Chamber of Deputies has authorised
the government to continue negotia
tions with France, Holland and Eng
land for the purpose of arriving at an
economic understanding and enlarging
common markets.
The Chamber's action was a defeat
for the Socialists, who had urged that
negotiations be aimed specifically at
economic union involving Belgium,
France and Holland.
Liberals and Catholics combined to
defeat this project. The Chamber's
vote was construed as an expression of
confidence in the government. No an
nouncement was made of the vote
tally.
Earlier in the week Paul Hvmans,
Belgium's foreign minister, was in Lon
don conferring with British officials
about tariff barriers erected against the
Belgian goods by the new British anti
dumping laws.
It was said at that time that M.
Hymans opposed economic union of
Belgium with France and Holland be
cause he believed the two small nations
would be submerged in such an ar
rangement.
It was understood that the Belgian
foreign minister was unsuccessful in
achieving any agreement to lower the
British tariffs. Reports were the Lon
don government would not consider
even tentative negotiations until after
the Imperial economic conference sched
uled for next July.
-— —• - ■■■_
GERMAN DECREE HITS
AMERICAN INVESTORS
Reduction of Interest Rates to
Affect Those Whd Bought
Bonds.
By th* Associated Press.
BERLIN, December 11.—American
holder* of certain German bonds may
fael the effects of Chancellor Bruen
ing's latest emergency decree, which,
among other things, reduces Interest
rates by as much as 25 per cent,
effective January 1.
It has been a financial practice for
years to float huge bonds issued in
the United States and to lend the pro
ceeds at considerably higher ratM
against German real estate and farm
mortgages. Under the decree, interest
rates up to 8 per cent are reduced 2
per cent and rates over 8 per cent are
cut by 25 per cent.
Two concerns, the Rentenbank and
the Giro Centrale, which together
floated more than $150,000,000 worth
of bonds tn the United States, are
likely to be hit the hardest.
Seme observers believe it will be
necessary for the government to inter
vene in certain cases, not only to save
the profits but to protect the institu
tions, themselves.
LABOR CENSURE VOTE
IN BRITAIN FAILS
Move to Discredit Government for
Economic Policy Beaten
by 439 to 44,
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, December 11,—A Labor op
position vote of censure against Prime
Minister MacDonald’s government for
its handling of economic questions was
defeated by a vote of 439 to 44 in the
House of Commons last night.
The motion calling for the vote of
censure arraigned the government for
failure to take steps to "deal with the
currency and exchange situation" and
for not producing a plan to cope with
the problems of unemployment and
high rent.
The result of the voting, which came
after two days of debate, was a fore
gone conclusion, but the debate was
made noteworthy by the prime minis
ters references to plans for an inter
national conference of nations to in
i'llftlgale causes ot the worW's economic
Attempts also were made by protec
tionist Conservatives to force the gov
ernment into adoption of iron and
stetl tariffs, but these were warded off
by Walter Runclman, president of the
Board of Trade.
* The. H^e of Commons adjourned
today to February 2, the motion provid
ing that the speaker may call an earlier
session should the necessity arise
®y * Y^e Of 218 to 32, a Labor motion
setting the date for resumption at Jan
uary 4 was defeated. Several of the
extreme Tories objected to so long an
adjournment without a definite pro
nouncement of the government policies
on outstanding issues, but they did not
vote against the government's adjourn
ment motion.
Jac oby Saves Life
Of Dog in Traffic
And Gets Bitten
i
Delays Start of Third
Bridge Session to Res
cue Mongrel.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, December 11.—Ossie
Jacoby stopped on Park avenue last j
night to save a little dog from death, j
For that reason, among others, the |
start of tne third session in the Lena- I
Jacoby, Culbertson contract bridge
match was delayed. The dog bit the
hand that fed him, so to speak and
Ossie went into the arena in the apart
ment of Mr. %nd Mrs. Ely Culbertson
with a business finger of the right hand
liberally dosed with red ointment.
Running into a traffic jam on the
avenue Ossie spotted a little mongrel
beneath the front wheels of an auto.
| He tore into the jam as if into a foot
I ha11 scrimmage. When the rescue was
accomplished, he committed the pup to
I the °are of a policeman and hurried to 1
his appointment. j
Further delay was caused by the ar
rival of tokens and telegrams from well j
wishers. Friends of Sidney S. J,enz
win d inquiring if any more Culbertson
money was available. Mrs William
Dwight Gilbert of New York sent Mr?
S,?e.rt10KKa..wl5hb3ne- Another friend
sent a rabbit s foot. Both were put In
!be bandbae Mrs. Culbertson carried
to the card table and care was taken
L?l,ni t^r u ®hould touch Lenz or
Another1*?,. ^ h*1*"1 by the 1Uck
Another admirer sent a corsage of
i*ardenla®' and Mrs. Culbertson
*7 over her left shoulder. She
2“,,0!* / black velvet gown with a
buckle of white jade.
BERLIN CONSIDERS
POLICYUNCHANGED
More Importance Attached to
Parley With Creditors as
Result of Message.
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, December 11.—America’s
policy with regard to war debts and
reparations was not altered by Presi
dent Hoover’s message to Congress yes
terday, officials at the foreign office said j
today, but in view of the message the
German government attaches greater I
Importance than ever to the forthcom- !
ing conference with the country's I
creditors.
The message was described by the j
AUgemeine Zeltung. industrial organ, as 1
of "the utmost significance to Ger- >
many."
The message was prominently dis
played in all the German newspapers,
but the AUegemeLne Zeltung was the
only one to comment editorially.
"He admitted that a number of
debtor nations are not in a position to
meet payments in full,” the newspaper
said, pointing with satisfaction to pas
sages which it said indicated special
regulations for those nations.
The newspaper expressed the opinion
President Hoover was withholding con
crete proposals until the conclusion of
the conference on reparations at Basel.
It also expressed pleasure at President |
Hoover’s sharpness against those who ;
oppose a common-sense reduction of j
armaments.
The Boersen Courier, financial organ, j
carried Its report of the message under i
a headline reading "Hoover: No debt
reductions, but exceptions provided for.”
The Nationalist Journal, Der Tag,
said: "Hoover against cancellation.”
HAILS HOOVER INITIATIVE.
Paris Presumes He Proposes 10-Year
Partial Debt Holiday.
PARIS, December 11 UP).—President
Hoover’s moratorium message to Con
gress was treated with the utmost im
portance at the French foreign office,
but comment was declined until it had
been discussed by the cabinet.
Unofficial circles, on the presump- I
tion that Mr. Hoover was proposing a
10-year partial war debts moratorium,
expressed the opinion that such a move j
would have an immense easing in
fluence on the International financial j
situation.
With Germany claiming she Is
crushed economically and unable to
meet payments either on reparations
or private debts, it was believed the I
Hoover initiative would be helpful in j
lightening the Nation's demands on '
that country.
France has not asked the reduction !
of her debts to the United States, but
has taken the position that any re
duction of reparations from Germany
should entail an equivalent scaling
down of war debt payments to the
United States.
ITALY APPLAUDS MESSAGE.
Grandl Reports to Senate on His Visit
to America.
ROME. December 11 C4>).—Italy last
night welcomed the tenor of President
Hoover’s war debts message and gov
ernment quarters digested eagerly the
first dispatches pertaining to it.
Some doubt was expressed as to
whether his words should be taken to
Inean an extension of the one-year t
moratorium, but it was pointed out that
if such was his meaning Italy would
agree thereto as spontaneously as she
did last July. ’
It has been repeatedly said the Italian
government would not suggest cancella
tion of war debts to the United States or
their postponement, but would gladly
follow any step taken In this direction
by America.
Official Italy was inclined to regard
somewhat dubiously President Hoover’s !
statement—“Reparations are wholly a ]
European problem with which we have
no relation.” The belier here is that
debts and reparations are more or less i
inexplicably related.
Foreign Minister DIno Grandl deliv- !
ered his report on his American visit \
to the Senate yesterday to the accom- ;
paniment of an almost unprecedented
display of enthusiasm and approval on
the part of Premier Mussolini.
The foreign minister addressed the
Senate for 20 minutes and at his side
stood the premier. At the conclusion
of the speech Mussolini led the ap
plause.
Grand! told the Senate that "one of
the surest courses” for the rehabilita
tion of the world is provided by the
efforts of American statesmen. He as
serted his deep confidence in those ef
forts and assured his hearers that Italy
and tne United States could work to
gether for the promotion of peace and I
prosperity.
In the diplomatic gallery was Alex-j
ander Kirk, American charge d’affaires,
acting as the United States representa
tive.
The foreign minister emphasized the
possibility and desirability of settling
the naval differences between France
and Italy. He called the Hoover mora
torium the "first real act of Interna
tional co-operation.”
Relationships fostered during his
American visit will be valuable, he said,
"in laying the foundations for bene
ficial action by our respective govern
ments.”
BORDER FLYING CURBED
Mexico to Arrest Pilots Crossing
Boundary Without Permits.
MEXICO CITY, December 11 | j
All airplanes crossing the Mexican bor- :
der without permission hereafter will be
detained and their pilots arrested, the •
minister of war notified military com
manders in border states yesterday. I
Mexico has been frequently invaded
recently, it was explained, not alone by
flyers making pleasure trips, but by
pilots engaged In smuggling.
DEB'PPARLEY SIFTS QUESTION '
Of extravagance in Germany
Basel Committee Seeks to Determine if
Listed Liabilities May Be Con
verted Into Assets.
By the Associated Press.
BASEL, Switzerland, December 11.—
Count Schwerin von Krosigk, German
budgetary expert, submitted to close
questioning today by members of the
Young Plan Advisory Committee ex
amining Germany's capacity to pay
reparations, In connection with his ex
position yesterday of his country’s
budgetary difficulties.
He replied to a flood of technical
questions regarding the reasons for the
budget deficits of the past few years, i
and it was expected that this phise of 1
the Inquiry would be completed today.!
It appeared likely that the general dis
cussions to follow would disclose defi
nitely opposed alignments of opinion.
It appeared that the committee was
trying to determine whether there was
needless expenditure In Germany and
whether any of the listed liabilities
might be converted into assets in the
future.
Relief Measures Explained.
The chairman ruled out all questions
relating to policy, asking the members
to postpone such Inquiries until later.
Count von Krosigk yesterday ex
plained what the Bruening government
was doing to save the country.
Although his explanation of the Ger
man budget failed to mention the effect
of reparations on public finances in
Germany it was understood in unoffi
cial quarters that the budget, which
now shows a deficit, was drawn with
an idea that no reparations would be
paid in 1931.
‘ The last resources of the Reich have
been utilised.” trfe count said. “It no
longer Is possible to reduce expenditures
or to Increase taxes.
“The taxation yield is beginning to
diminish. A lall in revenue by l.«00 -
000.000 reichsmarks (about *400,000.
000) is anticipated. It is hoped this
will be recompensed by the new turn
over tax of 2 per cent.
“But the 1932-1933 expenses will
tend to Increase—largely because of I
the enormous interest cn the floating I
dent. The fate of the budget depends
on the economic situation and on the
new emergency decree.”
5,000,609 Unemployed.
In the course of a summary the ]
German expert reiterated several times
that a profound Impression had been
caused in Germany by the govern
ment's latest emergency measures, pro
mulgated to maintain the stability of
the currency.
The presence of even a slight deficit
would be more awkward for Germany
than for any other country, he said,
"because In the present state of the
money market Germany wruld not be
able to cover it by an issue of short
term treasury bonds.”
Emergency decrees issued since the
Summer of 1930 will have resulted in
economies of 4,000.000,000 reichsmarks
(about *1.000,000,000), the German
said.
He pointed out that 5,000.000 Ger
mans are unempl yed. 30 per cent of
them receiving the dole under the
federal insurance laws.
GANDHI DEWS
LEAGUE 100 WEAR
Says Council Lacks Sanc
tions to Enforce Decision
in Manchuria.
By the Associated Press.
GENEVA, December 11.—Mahatma
Gandhi in making a farewell address
yesterday said the League of Nations
lacked the necessary sanctions to en
force Its decisions, a3 demonstrated by
its efforts in the Manchurian con
troversy.
Speaking at a gathering organized by
the Woman's International League for
Peace and Freedom, he suggested the
League adopt his methods of non-vio
lence as a means of achieving its aims.
Switzerland should be brave enough
to dispense with Its army, he said, end
thus give the world a real object lesson
in disarmament. He cited the case of
Belgium during the World War to show
that no army could save a nation from
invasion by stronger forces.
When asked from the audience how
workers could obtain justice without
violence if capitalism resorted to force,
he replied:
"If only labor will recognize that
capital Is helpless without labor. ,abor
will then come Into Its own. We have
cpiae under the hypnotic influence of
capital and think of it 83 the only
thing on earth. This is a fallacv.
"When capital wants labor to say
‘yes,’ labor should roar ’no,’ even though
the workers should be obliged to bare
their chests to bullets and breathe
poison gas. In the words of the Bible:
You cannot save yourself unless you
are prepared to lose yourself.* ”
The Mahatma said good-by to his
friend, Romaln Rolland, today and
started for Rome on the way back to
Bombay.
If he Is Invited, members of his
party said, he will visit Pope Pius and
Premier Mussolini. On Sunday he
leaves Rome for Brindisi, where he will
embark for India, traveling by steerage
and reaching Bombay December 28.
C. OF C. EXPANSION
OUTLINED ON RADIO
Vice President Wood Tells WMAL
Audience Objectives in Five
Year Program.
. ^ five-year expansion program of
he Washington Chamber of Commerce
low in its second year’s stage, was out
«™dArln» a* rSdio ta5k over Station
WMAL last night by George A. G
Wood, vice president of the chamber
One of the outstanding phases of this
■>r°5ram; W°nd said, is to make the
leeds of the Capital better known to
congress and to make Washington
setter known to America
“The Washington Chamber of Com
nerce believes strongly that the busi
iess groups of Washington should band
,H,,adv.ertise the advantages of
-his city, Wood said, “and the chamber
ias offered a definite vehicle for ac
complishing this in the five-year pro
tram.”
Although Washington has no vote.
Aood said he believed the Washington
jeople^ and its fine and alert news
japers take a much more Intelligent
merest in their Government than is
he case in many other American cities.
As a matter of fact those who are
amuiar with municipal governments
vih readily assert that Washington is
jutstanding in its municipal opera
ions,” he said.
—' ' •..
Michigan has Increased its alfalfa crop
>00 per cent since 1919.
The terms of Morris Plan Loans are simple
and practiced—it is not necessary
to have had an account at
this Bank to borrow.
• 's t • • • A
For each $120 bor
rowed you agree to
deposit $10 a month
in an account, the pro
ceeds of which may be
used to cancel the note
when due. Deposits
may be made on a
weekly, semi-monthly
or monthly basis as
you prefer.
Monthly
Amt Deposit
of For 12
Note Months
$120 $10
$180 $15
$240 $20
$300 $25
$360 $30
$540 $45
$1,200 $100
$6,000 $500
I
Loots are passed on
within a day or two
after filing application
-with few exceptions.
MORRIS PLAN notes
are usually rtiade for
1 year, though they
way be for any period
of from 3 to 12 months.
Morris Plan Bank
Under Supervision U. S, Treasury
1408 H Street Northwest
Gepitul ^Surplusl* gso,ooo |ym
Stray Shot Victim
—— --— --—-» I
MRS. GRACEGCILIANO. j
Shot Fired at Street Light
, Blamed for West Orange,
N. J., Bath Room Fatality.
^ By the Associated Pres*.
I WEST ORANGE, N. J., December 11.
I —A boy of 16, shooting at a street light
i and killing a woman Instead, was called
I to court today to answer a charge of
murder.
Erwin Flaster, high school student,
admitted last night he fired the shot
which fatally wounded Mrs. Grace
Gulliano, 28, while she was drawing a
bath in her home.
Four other youths, w'ho, with Flaster,
comprised a neighborhood rifle club,
faced arraignment as material wit
nesses.
The youths met every night in the
attic of Plaster's home. They prac
ticed firing from a window, with street
lights and electric wires for targets.
They held their regular practice ses
sion Wednesday. A particularly bright i
street light was the object. Two had
missed it and it was Flaster’s turn. He
fired. There was a crash of glass and •
screams of a woman. The bullet struck '
Mrs. Guiliano’s back. She died half an
hour later.
Flaster became apprehensive the next
day and took the rifle to the heme of
one of his friends, Edwin Shaller, 22, <
who took It apart and hid It in a closet
The four held as material witnesses I
art Shaller, William Fieldman, 14, and <
his brother Charles, 16, and Robert 1
Blair, 14. Blair and Charles Fieldman <
were not present when the shooting oc- i
curred. but were taken into custody <
after they had admitted being with the i
three other youths last Sunday night, 1
when they fired into a nearby garage! l<
SPIRITUAL REVIVAL
HELD U. S. PANACEA
Poverty, Despite Abundance.
Is Caused by Greed,
Assyrian Says.
Out of the Orient, from a land where
the spiritual and the supernatural still
supersede all things material, there
comer, a new theory about this so
called ‘'depression"—a theory advanced
by a learned traveler from the East,
whose people, back in Mesopotamia,
have never known a national calamity
marked bv overabuncV-nce of wheat
and cotton and the necessities of life
The theorist, George Lamsa, author,
lecturer and traveler from Nineveh,
capital of the ancient Empire of As
syria, looking at the United States today
through an Easterner's eyes, sees no
“depression" here.
“it is spiritual bankruptcy from
which you suffer,” he says.
Sees Will of God.
Lamsa sees behind all this economic
strife nothing but the will of God exert
ing Itself to "call back a people that
went too far from HU fold.” In all
the history of this young nation, Lamsa
says. America has never been dis
treased as it U today, and it U all be
cause of the greed, and lust for indi
vidual wealth that has marked Its
growth, accompanied bv an ever-in
creasing decline In religion.
"The cure for these ills does not lie
in stocks and bonds,” the Easterner
maintains. "A lack of confidence in
the teachings of Christ brought on the
depression; religion and repentance is
the only panacea.”
Lamsa believes a day or a week of
national prayer, joined In by all creeds
and races, would be a key with which
to unlock the spiritual forces that have
been brought to bear against the wel
fare of this young Nation. "The peo
P*e claim to represent religion
should lead the way," he says, "and I
believe a period of fasting and prayer
al over the country would have a
mighty psychological effect on the peo
ple that would have the result, of bring
ing about a return of prosperity.”
Depression Is Unknown.
Lamsa's country U 80 per cent re
ligious, and the social conditions there
changed to any great extent
since the days of Christ. They have
no word there that corresponds to "de
h? “y*’ and the only real
strife they know U when drought or
hordes of locusts destroy the crops and
^ when such
things occur the people pray, repent
and fast. Those who have money and
food give to those who have none and
the generosity and hospitality that has
been characteristic of this ancient
land for 8,000 years still prevails.
But as for hunger and starvation
when food exists in abundance,” he
comments, "my country knows of no
such condition.”
RILEY PROSECUTION
DELAYED TWO DAYS
Brutality Case la Continued Until
Wednesday at Counsel's
Bequest.
Opposing counsel agreed today upon
a continuance from Monday until Wed
nesday in the opening of the trial of
Mr. and Mrs. Harry N. Riley, charged
with cruelty to Riley's 12-year-old
daughter Edith. The postponement
probably will be approved by Justice
James M. Proctor of District Supreme
Court. * > '
The delay was granted by William H
Collins, an assistant United States at
torney, at the request of Harold R
Stephenson, an associate of Bertrand
Emerson. Jr., counsel for the Rileys.
Mr Emerson originally represented the
defendants, but will not take an active
part in the trial because of a fractured
jaw suffered night before last in *
friendly scuffle,
Mr. Stephenson desired that the case
be deferred In order that he might be
come more familiar with the defense.
CUBAN ENVOY TO GIVE
LECTURE ON HOMAN LAW
A lecture on "The Relations Be
ween Public and Private Roman Law
Sefore Justinian" will be delivered at
he law library of Catholic University
night by Dr. Orestes Ferrara, Cuban
Ambassador and professor of publle tar
lt Jhe University of Havana.
The lecture will be the second in tbs
innual series presented at various law
ehools here under auspices of the Rfc
•obono Seminar of Roman Law. The
naglster, or president of the seminar
s Judge Charles Summer Lobingier of
National University, and the scribe, or
ccretary, is Dr. Lewis Cochran Cassidy
if Georgetown University.
The seminar is an informal organ iza
ion composed of members of the vari
ius law schools and the legal fraternity
cterested in civil law of the Roman
edification. It is an outgrowth of ths
eries of lectures on Roman law dellv
xed at Catholic University during the
academic year 1928-29 by Prof. Salva
ore Riccobono of the Royal University
i Palermo.
for Friday and Saturday
Your Choice of Any
$50 Diamond Ring /
\ in our storm i
Open a II
II Charge \
I Account \
BUY NOW
PAY NEXT v
YEAR
Every ring guaranteed
pure white and perfect.
_ 1
Full value of $50.00 allowed
in exchange at any time
Open Every Evening
[ _&ookJ&t‘ Qhe B&Clock
- 0*0 *"» STREET. N.W. j

xml | txt