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THOMAS WILL SING
IN mil HOUR New York Symphony Opens Concert in Afternoon Over WMAL. JOHN CHARLES THOMAS, famous American baritone, will present' the Twilight Hour program today over WRC and a network of other National Broadcasting Co. sta tions WRC's other outstanding N. B 0. attractions Include the Frolic, with : Ferdie Croft's orchestra: the Tree Hour and Rubinoff's Orchestra with Eddie I Cantor as master of ceremonies. WRC J also will broadcast the National Ora torio Society’s version of "The New World" and the weekly feature known | as "The American Album of Familiar Music." As usual, the Tree Hour program is made up of a number of old-time melo dies. These mclude "Juanita," “Annie Laurie.” "Jingle Bells" and "Let Me Call You Sweetheart." The Sentinels of the Republic pro gram at 1 o'clock will present as the speaker Representative Horr of Wash ington. His topic is "Liberty In the ] Reverse." He will contrast the rtetrlc- , tlons on liberty wdth the ideals of In dividual freedom. Concert by Jubilee Singers. Firm its own studies WftC will broadcast concerts Py the National Jubilee Blngers and the Jeweled Violins and the weekly talk on “Our Oovem- 1 ment" by David Lawrence. The New York Symphony Orchestra will open its concert this afternoon over : WMAL and other Columbia stations with the "Concerto Grosso in A Minor i for Strings.” Other numbers include Haydn's "Symphony in B Flat Major” and the orchestral scherzo "L'Apprentl" of Dukas. Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist, is to appear as soloist with the orchestra, but his offering will not be played until the final/half of the con cert which WMAL will not broadcast. Sir Basil Blackett, director of the Bank of England, will speak from Lon don during the international broadcast. He will discuss the economic outlook for 1932. Roxy Orchestra to Play. Wagner's “Siegfried Idyll” will be the outstanding work in the concert by the Roxy Symphony Orchestra. Other numbers are the overture to “Mirella, bv Oounod, and “The Valae Pathetique" of Maurice Baron The opening allegro from Mozart s “D Minor Concerto" will be played by Ernest Hutcheson, pianist, in his weekly radio recital He also will play the “Scherzo In B Flat Minor," by Chopin. Columbia’s morning Church of the Air period will bring a sermon by Dr. Allan K Chalmers, pastor of the Broad wav Congregational Church of New York The afternoon period will be conducted by Rev. Joseph Orefaw of St. Gregory’! Roman Catholic Church °*The morning service of the New Yort Avenue Presbyterian Church will be broadcast by WOL in addition to its other regular features. Among them are a concert bv the Metropolitan anrt " popular program by the Musical Pelzeys The Washington Catholic Hour, from 5 to 6. will be conducted by Verv P^v Ignatius Smith. The Crescendo Male Chorus, the Metropolitan Dance Orchestra and the Sea Isle Moaners will contribute to the program of WJSV. This station a'so will broadcast programs from the Fox and Howard Theaters. EXPORTS OF SETS GAIN Increase of 47 Per Cent for 10 Months Reported. An increase of approximately 47 per cent in exports of radio receivers for the 10-month period ended in October, as compared with the corresponding period last year, is reported by the Electrical Division, Department of Com merce. The value of exports during October was 11,757,183. as against $1.357424 for the same month last year. The total for the first 10 months was $11,737,342, as against $7,965,618. Major Radio Features INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTS. “The Economic Outlook for 1932." by Sir Basil Blackett. WMAL, 12:30. 8PEECHES. •Liberty in Reverse, by Representative Horr of Washington. WRC. 1:00; "Are Government Publications Use ful?" by Dr. Julius Klein. WMAL, 7 00; “Devils, Drugs and Doctor*," bv Dr. Howard W. Haggard. WMAL, 8:00; "Our Government,’’ by David Lawrence, WRC, 9:00. CLASSICAL. New York Philharmonic Symphony Or chestra, WMAL, 3:15; John Charles Thomas. WRC. 5:30; Through the Opera Olass. WRC. 7:01; Roxy Sym phony Orchestra, WMAL, 9:00. VARIETY The Frolic, WRC. 4:00; Rublnod’s Or chestra. with Eddie Cantor, WRC, 8:00; South Sea Islanders, WRC, 11:17. DRAMA. Moonshine and Honeysuckle, WRC, 2:30; Club of tne Air. WRC, 7:30; Adventuring with Count von Luck ner, WMAL, 9:30. — HIGH LIGHTS ELSEWHERE. 1:15—Damroech Symphony Orel's*- i tra — WJZ, WBAL, WBZ, ! WWNC and WIOD, 2:30—The Foamers. Herb e Kay's Or chestra and Chauncey Parsons, tenor — WJZ, WBAL, WHAM and WBZ. 4 00—Travelogues; Malcolm La Prade, narrator—WJZ, WBAL, WBZ, KDKA and WLW. 4 00—Sermon by Rev. Charles E. Coughlin of the Church of the Little Flower—WOR, WGR, WCAO. WFBL, KMOX. WORC and WCAV. 4 30—Musical Showmen; George Mar tin, newspaper reporter, and Nat Brusiloff's Orchestra—WJZ, WBAL, WHAM and KDKA 5 00—National Vespers; Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick—WJZ, WBAL, WLW and WSM. 6 00—Raising Junior, sketch cf domes tic life—WJZ, WBAL, WHAM and WJR. 6:45—Las Pamperas: guitar ensem ble, and Solidad Espinoi, so prano—WJZ. WBAL, WBZ and WLW. 7:00—Harold Stokes and his Orches tra—WJZ, WBAL. WSM and WJR. 7:30—The Three Bakers and BUly Artz's Orchestra—WJZ, WBAL and WJR. 8:00—Melodies; Betsy Ayres. Mary Hopple and Ensemble—WJZ, WBZ WBZA. WHAM, WJR, KDKA and KYW 8:15—Mafazlne hour; Dramatizations. Ernest La Prade's Orchestra— WJZ. WBZ. WBAL. WHAM, KDKA. WJR and WMC. P: 15—The Stag Party; Male Quartet and Brusiloff's Orchestra — WBAL WJZ, WBZ. WBZA, WHAM, KDKA, WJR and WLW. 9;45—Slumber Music: Laurier's String Ensemble — WJZ, WBAL, WHAM, WJR and KDKA H;00_Hanry Thet* mod hU Orchestra —WJZ, WBZ, WJR, KDKA. WBAL and WREN. Popular Broadcasting Artists * • — ---:—- ' STARRED IN NATIONAL BROADCASTING CO. FEATCRE8. Nan Dorland (left), dramatic star, and Jane Proman. "blues singer, who contribute each week to several outstanding network programs. Today on the' Radio^ (All Programt Scheduled for Eastern Standard Time.) - - ■ - — - .. .ii ■ ■■ ■!. in w;nr 315.8 Meters. 958 Kilocycles. 8:00a—Melody Hour. 9:00a—Children’s Hrur. 10:00a—Mexican Typlca Orchestra. 10:30a—Clyde Doerr and his Saxophone Octet. 11:00a—Neapolitan Days. 11:30a—Mnj. Bowes and his Capitol “family." 12:30—Tales of the Emerald Isle. 1:00—“Liberty in Reverse,” b.v Repre sentative Ralph A. Horr of Washington. 1:15—Trioka Bells. 1:30—The Sliver Flute. 1:45—American Singers, with William Wirges’ Orchestra. 2:15—Sunday Bright Spots. 2:30—Moonshine and Honeysuckle. 3:00—The Cosmopolitans. 3:30—Dr. S. Parkes Cadman. 4:00—The Frolic, with Ferdle Grofe's Orchestra 4:30—Tree Hour. 5:30—Twilight Hour, featuring John Charles Thomas. 6:00—National Catholic hour. 6:30—National Jubilee Singers. 6:45—Jeweled Violins. 7:00—Correct time. 7:01—Through the Opera Glass. 7:30—Club 6f the Air. 8:00—Rublnoffs Orchestra, with Ed die Cantor. 9:00—"Our Government,” by David Lawrence. 9 :15—Album of Familiar Music. 9:45—The Revellers. 10:15—National Oratorio Society. 10:45—Sunday at Seth Parker's. 11:15—Last-minute news. 11:17—South Sea Islanders. 11:30—Weather forecast. 11:31—Jesse Crawford, organist. 12:00 to 1:00a—Palais d'Or Orchestra. Early Program Tomorrow. 6:45a—Tower Health Exercises. 8:00a—Gene and Glenn. 8:15a—Morning Devotions. 8:30a—Cheerio. 9:00a—Le Trio Charmante. 9:15a—Tom waring's Troubadours. 9:45a—Food program. 10:00a—Mrs. Blake's Radio Column. 10:15a—Dr. Copeland's Health Clinic. 10:30a—Breen and de Rose. 10 45a—Kay P.eld. contralto. 11:00a—Sonata recital. 11:30a—#lugo MkrlSnl's Orchestra. 12:00m—The Home Circle. 12:15—“The Real George Washington,” by Charles Colfax Long. 12 10—National Farm and Home Hour. 1:30— Palais d'Or Orchestra 2:00—“Whooping Cough," by Dr. Louis C. Schroeder. 2:15—The Nomads. 2:45—Henrietta Schumann, pianist. 3:00—United States Marine Band. 4:00—Pop Concert. 4:30 to 5:00—Spitalny’s Orchestra. \fTfcl 228.9 Meters. ” '1,310 Kilocycles. 10:00a—The Metropolitans. 10:30a—"Purple and Gold,” by Robert Brooks. 11 00a—Services of the New York Ave nue Presbyterian Church. 12:25—Birthdays. 12:30—In Funnyland. 1:00—The Btevens Sisters. 1:15 to 1:45—The Musical Pelzeys. 4:30— National Hawallans. 4 :45—The Entertainers. 5:00 to 6 :00—Catholic Radio Hour. Early Program Tomorrow. 7:00a—Musical Clock. 8:00a—Birthdays. 8:05a—Musical Clock. 10:00a—Modern Melodies. 10:30a—Novelettes. 11:00a—Festival of Music. 11 :30a—Dance tur.es. 12 00—Well Hastings, pianist 12 30 to l :00—Luncheon music. 3 :00—Variety Hour. 4:00—Vocal Gems. 4 :15 to 5:00—Children's program. >■ ' "" * Folks Behind The Microphone BY THE RADIO EDITOR. Robert hunter macgimsey whistled through his Tuesday night bath and considered the new academic theory that whis tling denotes a befuddled brain. Mr. MacGimsey, attorney, cotton planter and champion Whistler, who i whistles to the Nation through the Na tional Broadcasting Co., had read the ! opinion of Prof. Charles Gray Shaw of ! New York University that "whistling is 1 an unmistakable sign cf the moron.” "Yes I whistle, ’ Mr. MacGlmsey ad mitted "I also chew gum and the ends of pencils in moments of thought, but I don't believe in signs Prof. Shaw must be spoofing Whistling is a nat ural expression of contentment and ; happiness. In its higher forms it may 1 even be called an art. "The surest sign of a moron is how he thinks and not whether he whistles, ! plavs the fiddle or Indulge* in mumbly i peg He may be an Einstein with his great mind and still play the violin, well or poorly. He may be a Hoover and be interested in the harmonica, a Musso lini and sing, or a philosopher and play the phonograph. "Prof Shaw could not-Imagine our world leaders whistling. The professor \S7\f A T 475.9 Meter*. “ "1AL 630 Kilocycle*. 9:00a—Land o’ Make Believe. 10:00a—Columbia Church of the Air. 10:30a—Dance Marathon. 10:45a—Community Center recital. 11:00a—Duets by Julia Mahoney and Charles Carlisle. 11 15a—Watch Tower Service. 11:30a—Voice of St. Louie. 12:30—Rebroadcast from London—“The Economic Outlook for 1932,” by Sir Basil Blockett. 12:45—The Street Singer. 1:00—Cathedral Hour. 1:45—Wee Willie Rotyn, tenor. 2:00—Pastorale. 2:30—Columbia Churcfc of the Air. 3:00—Ann Leaf at the organ. 3:15—New York Philharmonic Sym phony Orchestra. 4:00—Evensong service from Washing ton Cathedral. 5:00—Dance Marathon. 5:15—Wardman Park Orchestra. 6:00—Mayflower Orchestra. 6:30—Quiet Harmonies. 7:00—“Are Government Publications Useful?” by Dr. Julius Klein. 7:15—Songs our mothers used to sing. 7:30—Rybb's Novelty Orchestra. 8:00—“Devils, Drugs and Doctors,” by Dr. Howard W. Haggard. 8:15—Manhattan Serenaaers. 8:45—“Your Child,” by Angelo Patri. 9:00—Roxy Symphony Orchestra. 9:30—Adventuring with Count Von Luckner. 10:00—Edna Hopper's Variety Show. 10:30—Ernest Hutcheson, pianist. 11:00—The Gsuchos. 11:30—California Melodies. 12:00—Weather forecast. 12:01—Midnight Reveries. 12:30 to 1:00—Nocturne, with Ann Leaf at the organ. Early Program Tomorrow. 8:00a—Morning Devotions. 8:15a—Salon Musical. 8:45a—The Dutch Girl. 9:00a—Opening the Morning Mail. 9.30a—Tony’s Scrap Book. 9:45a—The Ambassadors. 10:00a—Chatting with Ida Bailey Allen. 10:15a—Sweet and Hot. 10:45a—Madison Singers. 11:00a—Musical Alphabet. 11:30a—“Front Page Personalities,” by Anne Lazar. 11:45a—Ben Alley, tenor. 12:00m—Don Bigelow’s Orchestra. 12:30—Columbia Revue. 12:45—Dance Marathon. 1:00—Taft Orchestra. 1:30—Savoy Plaza Orchestra. 2:00—Chamber Music Concert from Library of Congress. 2:30—American School of the Air. 3:00—Four Eaton Boys. 3 :15—The Electro Ensemble. 3:30—Arthur Jarrett. 3:45—Sam Prager, pianist. 4:00—Bert Lown's Orchestra. vrr |C\T 205.4 Meters. 1.460 Kilocycles. 10:30a—Salon music. 10:45a—Watch Tower Service. 11:00a to 12:15—Services of the Fourth Presbyterian Church. 2:00—Church of the Air. 2 30—Metropolitan Dance Orchestra. 3:00—Crescendo Male Chorus. 3:30—Mayfair Dance Orchestra. 4 00—Gospel Twilight Hour. 4 30—Tango Troubadours. 5 00—Sea Isle Moaners. 5 30—Kalua Boys. 6:00—Gospel Spreading Association. 7 00—Shoreham Concert orchestra. 7 45—Poland Wheeler, tenor, 3 00—Service at First Church of Christ Scientist. 0 1 5 Dance Marathon. 0 30 Dap'is'. Chapel Echoes. 17 00— Foxettes. 15 30—Evangelical Church of the Air. 11 OO Fill Ooap*l Tabernacle Service. 11 30 to 12 OO Howard program. Far!r Program Tamarraw. 3 Via- The Breakfast Club, ft 00a.-Treasure Chest,, ft 30a— Musical program 10 00a—Peggy Clarke s Chat. 10 15a For your information. 10 30a— Program by Federation of Women s Clubs. 11 00a- Sacred Hour 11 30a f.iincheon rmisle. 11 57a- Time signal. 12 00—Variety Hour. 1 00—Schramm's Trio. 130— Puncheon Music. 2 00—Shoreham Orchestra. “'Scrambling Machinery” Set Up. Speech "scrambling” machinery to Insure privacy on the radiotelephony between Holland and the Dutch East Indie* hu been installed. The equip ment U much like that used on tne | American-European circuits. — cannot be aerious, but if he is, it calls for a poll of the National Congress. I wager that 75 per cent of our great House and Senate are habitual whis tlers, Whistling is what this depression needs. It would be better to declare a moratorium on talking. I’ll stick to whistling.” Life for MacOimsey, in fact, has been one long whistle. He was born near the whistling posts at Plnevllle, La., and could whistle as far back as he can re i member. In the Summer he is Robert H. MacGImaey, attorney of Lake Provi dence, La., former secretary to the j former Senator Joseph S. Henedell, a cotton planter and sixth son of a pro fessor of mathematics. 24 RADIO STATIONS SILENCED IN 1931 Dozen New Ones Authorized. New Year Finds 608 Under License in U. S. BY MARTIN CODEL. TWO dozen broadcasting stations in various parts of the country were ordered off the air by the Federal Radio Commission dur ing 1931. About a dezen new stations were authorized to be con structed out of a thousand or more ap plications, most of them local low power affairs in communities regarded as not receiving adequate radio service. The New Year found exactly 608 stations under license in the United States, a rather substantial decrease from the neak of 733 when the commission took over the regulation of the American ether five years ago. Led by Maj. Gen. Charles McK. Saltzman. its chairman, an unre anting fo» of the "bad actors” of radio, the Commission during 1931 embarked upon a "cleanup” of the broadcast wave lengths designed to free them of the technically inefficient and those deemed as failing' to meet their public service obligations. By some the commissOns newly belligerent policy is regarded as an arbitrary usurpation of its authority under the law. while others look upon it as a wholesome thing for radio in that it may keep broadcasting in the hands of trustworthy and public-minded en terprisers. That many others will be eliminated during 1932 Is freely pre dicted here. Broadcasters Put on Mettle. If it has done nothing else, the com mission's policy has placed almost all broadcasters on their mettle to guard against inefficient operation and insuffi ciencies in their service to the public. Eight of the stations ordered off the air are still broadcasting, pending the outcome of appeals to the courts. Other appeals are certain. One—KOEF, Los Angeles, formerly operated by Rev. Robert P Shuler, militant pastor—has appealed to the United States Supreme Court on the free speech issue. In the meantime. how'ever, it must remain silent, having failed to secure relief from the lower courts. Latest to feel the ax were WOQ. of the Unity School of Christianity, Kan sas City, which last week was ordered to relinquish its time to KFH. Wichita, with which it has been sharing a wave length, soon after January 1. It Is cer tain to appeal. Also deleted last week, effective immediately, is WMAK, Buf falo. N. Y.. now' silent but also prepar ing an appeal. The former was ordered off the air to give its time and quota to an under-quota status of Missouri and because Kansas City is regarded as adequately served already. The Buffalo I station was ordered off for failure to mrt certain technical standards. Like the Shuler station and like the Brihklcy station at Milford, Kans., which lost its license in 1930—only to lead its owner, Dr. John R. Brinkley, to go to Mexico and build a 75.000-watt station there to serve the American au dience — Station KTNT, Muscatine, Iowa, W'as taken off the air last year because it was being used as a ‘‘per sonal mouthpiece." It failed to secure even temporary relief upon appeal and remains silent, as Its owmer, Norman T. Eaker. appears unable financially to press the appeal further in the courts. Others Ordered Silenced. Ordered silenced also, and still silent, are: WMBJ, Pittsburgh,, the Rev. Spfoul station, which failed on appeal and whose time was given a 100-watter, WWSW; WJAZ, Chicago, the Zenith Radio Corporation station, whose time was allocated WCKY, Covington. Ky.; KFQW, Seattle, who failed on appeal; WIBR, Steubenville, Ohio, found to be operating contrary to regulations; WMAF, Round Hills, Mass., whose owner practically surrendered his license voluntarily; WMAY, St. Louis, a church station that had used another station's transmitter and possessed only "phan tom" call letters; KZM, Hayward. Calif., for technical reasons; KPHA. Gunnison. Colo.; WBBS. Boston, and KPSN, Pasa dena, Calif. The last-named is one of the few newspaper-owned stations to leave the air. It did not appeal from a commission decision deleting it for in adequate technical equipment. Station KFQU, Holy City, Calif., operated until last week pending a court appeal from an order taking it oft the air for poor service. It is now silent. The commission also refused to license KPFW, Los Angeles, planned as a high power educational station, when its pro moters revealed that they had insuffi cient support for its authorized con struction. Two stations which gave up the ghost voluntarily were WSSH. Bos ton. a church station, which surrendered its time to WAAB. in the same city, for the consideration of specified periods on the air, and KFIU, Juneau, Alaska, which could not stand the strain of continued operation. Many Improve Service. Ordered off the air, but still operating pending appeals, were: WlBO and WPCC. Chicago, whose time was allo cated WJKS. Gary, Ind„ because Illi nois is overquota in radio facilities and Indiana underquota; WCHI, Chicago, operating under a Chicago court's order staying a commission decision based on its alleged broadcasts of questionable medical advice; WNJ, Newark, and WKBO, Jersey City, whose time was or dered turned over to WHOM. Jersey City because of the latter's alleged su perior service; WLBX. Long Island City, for failure to provide public serv ice, and WMBA, Newport, R. I., for poor technical and program showing. All the appealing stations have a chance to retain their licenses if the courts so rule. So have a dozen or more other stations cited for inefficient oper ation or other causes, whose operators must appear at hearings before the com mission to shaw cause why their licenses should be renewed. Many of the latter group have improved their equipment or service and will undoubtedly win re newals. even though they are now oper ating in durance. There were a number of consolida tions during the year, which took a few more stations off the air. WGBC, Mem phis, merged with WNBR. Memphis; WHDI, Minneapolis, with WDGY, Min neapolis. and WISJ. Madison, Wis., with WIBA, Madison. Early in the year the commission authorized WCSO, Spring field, Ohio, and WFJC, Akron, to merge and form WGAR, Cleveland, now on the air with 1,000 watts. Most of the stations that felt the commission's ire during 1931 are in the low-power cate gory, only WIBO. Chicago, having as much as 5,000 watts. FORTY LICENSES LISTED Forty authorities on economics, psy chology and related fields will speak over a National Broadcasting Co. net work in its weekly coast-to-coast edu cational feature for the Spripu term of 1932 The speakers will be presented by the National Advisory Council on Radio in Education as a continuation of its "Listen and Learn” lecture series inau gurated last Fall. An economist and psychologist will speak for 15 minutes every Saturday at 8:30 p.m. Special Radio Features WRC 5 P.M.—Studebaker National Jubilee Singers u( LueiU* Pl*f** ConctrLPianistt _ Featured in New Year Network Radio Programs port LAR BROADCAST ARTISTS TO BE HEARD OVER NETWORKS. j DAVID GUION (left), American “cowboy-composer,” who will direct his Orchestra in a new series of programs start ing on an N. B. C. network Wednesday night at 10: „^. In the center is Lady Wilkins, wife of the famous ex plorer, who wiji contribute to the "Bath Club” program on Columbia Friday night at 8 o'clock. Count Felix von Luckner (right), erstwhile German naval commander, who is taking a leading part ill the new Columbia dramatic series, “Adventuring with Count Luckner.” Behind the Microphone BY THE RADIO EDITOR. RADIO is In the Metropoli tan Opera House to stay. During the holidays three operas, representing widely separated schools of musical tech nique were broadcast by the National Broadcasting Co., and thousands of letters from radio listeners and musical authorities testified to their artistic success. But behind the voices of the singers and Deems Taylor s run ning account of the stage action stands a little group of unsung men who made the broadcasts possible—the engineers and tech nicians of N. B. C. Who are they and how did they accomplish their difficult feat? Chief credit for the engineering achievement goes to O. B Hanson, manager of plant engineering, and Gerald Chatfleld, technical art director. Between them they drew the plans ana ar ranged for the installation of the equipment which convinced Giulio Gatti-Casazza, general manager of the opera company, and his assistant, Edward Ziegler that Metropolitan Opera could be faithfully and accurately trans ported over the air. It was Hanson, a wartime radio operator and former engineer for the old Marconi Wireless Co., who planned the technical equipment now in use in the N. B. C. Build ing, at 711 Fifth avenue, and with the assistance of Chatfleld de signed the N. B. C. studios in Chi cago, Washington and San Fran cisco. The present control system used in all stations owned and op erated by N. B. C. also was de signed by Hanson. In adapting the Metropolitan to broadcasting he was faced with the problem of getting adequate equipment into limited space. There was no room for the con struction of a control booth, so Hanson arranged a system of wiring whereby the microphones could"be controlled from a box in one of the tiers, and the actual monitoring of the program done by himself and Chatfleld in the N. B. C. studios, at 711 Fifth ave nue, New York. Hansons decision to utilize omy< one microphone at a time is also largely responsible for the clarity of tone, which music critics have praised in the Metropolitan broadcasts. When the Chicago Civic Opera first went on the air, in 1927, 18 microphones were used. In the Metropolitan there are only 6, and Hanson really uses but half this number. Three of the half dozen are merely precau tionary equipment. For practical purposes, then, there is one microphone in the footlights on each side of the stage, and one suspended over the orchestra pit. The orchestra microphone remains open, of course, throughout the perform ance, but only one of the stage microphones is used at a time. The reason for this, Hanson ex plains, is that the same sound reaches a near microphone and a far one the barest fraction of a second apart. Wrhile this brief variation is not sufficient actually to distort the program, it does in terfere with the sharp lucidity of tone attained by a single micro phone. And clarity of tone was one of the chief things for which Han son’s associate, Chatfteld, was striving. As technical art direc tor, it is Chatfield’s duty to co ordinate the artistic and technical interests of N. B. C. programs. It is Chatfield, who works with Ed ward Ziegler, assistant manager of the Metropolitan, in selecting the portions of operas to be broad cast, and who acts as N. B. C. ■ general representative at the j Metropolitan. unamem, wno recenuy returned from an Inspection tour of Euro pean radio stations with Hanson and S. L. (Roxy; Rothafel, is an old hand at opera broadcasting. When the Chicago Civic opera first went, on the air, he was the N. B. C. production representative, and during the second season of Chicago broadcasts he commuted from New York each week. Tile N. B C. national opera series from the New York studios, were under Ids general super vision. and when tin* time came to put the foremost opera com pany in the country on the air he had a wide background of experi ence. He advised Hanson during the early preparations, and later suggested shifts In microphone locations which helped to obtain the proper balance between or chestra and voice. The actual installation of equip WadioTmuble EXPERT SERVICE MOglCH . tiAbursUop fJ* ment, all of which "had to be done at night to allow for the Metro politan’s heavy schedule of per formances and rehearsals, was directed by Vincent J. Gilcher, N. B. C. plant engineer. Gilcher, who installed the equip ment in the new N. B. C. studios in Chicago, succeeded in complet ing arrangements which eliminate practically al visible signs of broadcasting in the auditorium. Two microphones hanging over j the orchestra and a small black box and a glass door in one box are the only things indicating to j the audience that the perform ance is being put on the air. * * * * QF all the cities, towns and counties canvassed by the census takers for the 1930 census, only one community reported that it had no radios. That was Young County, Texas, where not a single home having a radio was counted among the 599 families comprising its population. Competent opin ion is inclined to the belief that a few of these homes at least had radios, but that the natives failed to answer the radio question in the census for fear that it mean more taxes. Loving County, Texas, reported only 3 radios among its 55 homes, and in the same State Yoakum County reported 4 radios in 287 homes, and Kenedy County had 7 radios in 155 homes. The State, as a whole, showed 18.6 per cent of all its homes had radios, or a total of 257,686. The highest proportion of radios to homes was revealed in Yellow stone National Park County, Mon tana, where 10 out of the 11 resi dent families, or 90.9 per cent, re ported owning radios. In Mon tana, as a whole, 32 per cent of the homes, or 43,809, had radios. By far the highest proportions of radios to homes are shown in REDUCE WHAT YOU PAY-THE EBERLY WAY i. I. ■ ■ —— FOR 60c A DAY — A Modern Kitchen Another Feature * of the EBERLY PLAN OUR workers stay with us the year-round, and are steadily employed. Because EBERLY isn't constantly hiring and firing employes—getting extra men for special jobs—a finer, more consistent type of work is done by EBERLY trained craftsmen. There's a saving in this, too, that’s passed on to you! “All Ways” the Lowest Price —We Can Always Prove it.” V "T"AKE your kitchen out of the B. C. period I (B.fore Convenience). You want re-ar ranged kitchen cabinet space, a new sink, stove, linoleum—EBERLY modernizing provides all of these planned for model kitchen conveniences. As little as 60c a day, paid the EBERLY WAY, brings the blessing of kitchen comfort to step weary wives. YOU SAVE 29 EXTRA COSTS From cellar t6 roof—EBERLY does every thing necessary to improve a home with a saving on each job. You save 29 extra costs that plumber, paptrer, carpenter, mason, roofer and others working separately would charge. A. EBERLY'S SONS, Inc 1108 K Street N.W. Telephone, District 6557 83 Years’ Reliability the wealthy suburbs of certain large cities like New York. New ark, Chicago, Boston, Pittsburgh and Milwaukee, where 60 to 80 per cent of the families counted re plied in the affirmative to the radio question. The cities them selves also generally ranked 50 per cent or better, meaning that at least one out of every two homes had radios. In the 21 months since the census was taken the totals and proportions are known to have increased ap preciably. * * * * ’"TELEVISION’S amazing possibil A ities, once it is perfected to the point where it becomes an ac ceptable medium of home en tertainment comparable to home talkies, are not being overlooked by the explorers who probe the far corners of Mother Earth. Dr. H. Hartman, noted submarine ex plorer of New York City, now pur suing researches in the Mediter ranean, is one of those who looks forward to the day, not far dis tant, when he can employ tele vision from the bottom of the sea. A sound broadcast by divers at the bottom of the Atlantic has already been acomplished in network radio. Dr. Hartman’s “submarine television apparatus, ’ which he has embodied into a patent just issued by the United States Patent Office, combines with a motion picture camera which reproduces the submarine images so that they can be tele vised for distant reception. As described in the international television engineering section of Radio Industries, a periodical that has leading television experiment i ers of the United States, England and Germany on its editorial board, the Hartman device is equipped with powerful special submarine illuminators, consisting of a steel globe, wherein are ar ranged the television mechanism and a motion picture camera. These are driven electrically and controlled from the vessel above, where observers, assembled in a darkened cabin, may watch the images upon a screen just as they would a motion picture. As soon as something worth PUBLIC TELEVISION STILL IN FU1UPE Leaders of Rival Chains Dif fer as to When Operations Will Be Feasible. BY ROBERT MACK. THE new year still finds radio leaders agreed that television will be the next radio bonanza, but a divergence of opinion ex ists as to how and when it will be achieved. Particularly interesting are the views of the executives of the rival broadcast ing networks—M. H. Aylesworth of the . National Broadcasting Co. and William S. Paley of the Columbia Broadcasting System. The former makes no predic tion as to when "public television" will J be feasible, while Mr. Paley hazards the' guess that television “of a genuinely en tertaining character" will be available in a few large cities in 1932. Five-Year Plan Vrged. Coupled with these comments is the significant proposal of the Radio Manu facturers’ Association that a plan be adopted covering the wave-length allo cations for television that would care for development during the ensuing five years. There is no immediate prospect of "commercial" television, since the. Federal Radio Commission steadfastly has refused to heed the demands of some experimenters that the existing non-commercial experimental restric-. tion be lifted, and that television ad vertising be p?rmitted to help defray the , cost of research and development. A half dozen manufacturers now are offering television receivers to pick up experimental visual broadcasts. A dozen of the 30 licensed television stations are „ synchronizing sight with sound and are, operating on regular schedule. The., commission, as the licensing agency, is.* being besieged with applications for new ,,, visual stations. i While the view unquestionably is dis puted by some experimenters, the con sensus of radio opinion seems to be that at the present stage of development television has little, if any, sustained en tertainment value to the public. Simply to see the rather crude, dim images o£; the radio performers, synchronized with, their words or music, cannot be consid ered radio service of a character com-; parable to sound broadcasting alone. Divergent Views Given. Concerning television prospects, Mr. Paley has this to say: "My own judgment is that there is a I rather promising prospect some time < | during the coming year that television of a genuinely entertaining character | will be available in a few large cities., | That this more broadly entertaining i type of program will be available to the ‘ i country at large within the next year, Ir ! doubt very much.” Mr. Aylesworth makes these observa • tiens: "Various interests already have placed ! television apparatus on the market. The ! broadcasting of television programs has been Undertaken by others. But from the N. B. C. standpoint televisiofi is not yet ready for the general public. While the company takes cognizance of the work being done in the receiver field, itt, does not believe the time has arrived yet for visual broadcasting on a regular program basis. (Copyright. 1S2J) photographing appears within the i illuminated area below the water level an electric lever sets the motion picture camera in opera tion. The shin's radio television apparatus can be hooked up to broadcast the film to lookefs-in I on land. The broadcasting or. I films by television can even now: i be accomplished with good results I on the television apparatus al j ready available, because it per j mits the concentration of light 1 on the films.