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D. C. MATRON HELD
WITH 2 IN SLATING Son-in-law Linked With Mrs. Fortescue in Death of As sailant of Daughter. (Continued Prom First Page.)_ Prison. Lui Kaikapui, Hawaiian, plead ed guilty to the attack on the school teacher. He was sentenced to prison for life. Kahahawai was kidnaped from a court room here, where he made daily reports pending the setting of a date for a new trial. The jury in the first trial disagreed. A faked warrant, folded to appear official, police said, was used to lure him to an automobile in which he was carried away. Searching Mrs. Portescue's home, police found blood on a bed room floor and a sheet, such as was wrapped around the Hawaiian in the automo bile, was missing. Faked Warrant Found. At the residence Jones was taken into custody. In his clothes officers found the faked warrant and an empty cart ri<Jge from a .32 pistol. Police said neighbors told them they had heard a ■hot fired about 9 a m. yesterday. . Authorities said the case would be presented to the grand jury, probably I Monday. Go''. Judd, after issuing a statement asking residents to remain calm and to co-operate in meeting the situation, ordered 250 National Guardsmen out to supplement the local police, nearly every member of which is Hawaiian or part Hawaiian. As they re-examined the evidence today, police said they came more and niore to the conclusion that Kahaha wai met his death in Mrs. Fortescue s home. They said the bed room door there was damaged, as if by a struggle, and was partly off its hinges. The police also said they found on Jones’ person the magazine from a .32 automatic, with one cartridge missing. Lured to Auto. Lured to an automobile by the faked warrant, Kahahawai was driven away. Police started a hunt for the kidnapers and a radio description of the car was broadcast. George Harbottle, driver of a police car, was informed by the radio and a few minutes later saw the car proceeding toward Koko Head at a fast rate, an elderly woman driving. He gave chase along the Waialai road and signaled another police car to join the pursuit. Harbottle said he passed the sedan, stopped his car and got out to order them to stop. Instead of stopping, he said, the woman drove by him and sped along the new Koko Head road. Har bottle again took up the chase, passed the other police automobile and finally succeeded in forcing the sedan Into an embankment. Mrs. Fortescue, Massie and Lord were brought to the police station here and the murder complaint lodged against them. Later they were sent to Pearl Harbor to spend the night. Taken in Custody. They were given into the custody of Capt. Ward K. Workman, commander of the naval submarine base, who was appointed a special officer of the court. City and County Attorney James F. Gilliland said the case would be taken before the grand jury probably Monday. The Army issued orders restricting enlisted men from entering the city except under certain circumstances. All Navy men, except those married and living in the city and officers, were ordered to remain at the reservation at Pearl Harbor. Police quoted Mrs. J. B, Stickney and Mrs. Anna Tarlton. neighbors of Mrs Fortescue, as saying they heard a shot fired shortly after 9 a.m. today. In the Fortescue home police found a coil oi clean white rope, such as was tied wound Kahshawai’s body when it was found in the automobile. Mrs. For ts scue's residence is about three blocks frorn Massie's home. Facing a threatened boycott of the city during fleet maneuvers on the Pa cific next month, Oov. Judd combined all policing agencies of the territory in His campaign and named Maj. Gordon C. Ross of the National Guard to head the force. Naval shore patrols were simultaneously Increased. Informed by Rear Admiral Yates Stirling. jr„ that the Navy felt It “in advisable this year to plan entertain ment for officers or men of the fleet • * * unless local conditions have cleaned up definitely and thoroughly before arrival of the fleet," Gov. Judd had Informed naval officials he was doing all in his power to “correct the situation.” He was conferring further •with officials today when Kahahawai met his fate. Shopping, She Says. Neither Mrs. Fortescue nor Massie made any admission of guilt at the con ference. After attorneys had been obtained for the three, Mrs. Fortescue told news paper men she had been down town ’. chopping and knew nothing of what Happened to Kahahawai. Massie re fused to discuss the affair. A guard of detectives was thrown About the Massie home after Mrs. Massie left for Pearl Harbor to remain ■with friends. A naval shore patrol searched the house after Mrs. Massie left, out reported finding nothing. After a conference between Mrs. Fortescue. Massie and their attorneys the city attorney announced statements Had been obtained from them Officials said the statements conflicted. DAUGHTER MARRIED HERE. Mr*. Fortescue Widely Known in New | York and Abroad. NEW YORK, January 9 G4>).—Maj.j Granville Roland Portescue. who had j been living at the Army and Navy Club! £ere while his wife was living abroad. • Jcould not be reached today. At the club | 4t was said he was not at home. I Mrs. Portescue is well known in Long j island. Her social connections were txtenslve in London during the years 'of her residence there. While living on Long Island last Bummer she was ac tive in the work of the Women’s Or ganization for National Prohibition Re form. It was recalled here that the marriage Tf Mrs. Fortescue's daughter Thalia • to Thomas Hedges Massie, then an en sign. was one of the outstanding events •of the Washington social season in ■1927. 1 Lieut. Massie s parents were Mr. and .Mrs. William Massie of Winchester, jKv. He was graduated from the United 'fitr.tes Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1927. and served aboard the U. S. S. •Lexington and the submarine S-43 He • was promoted to lieutenant in June, 1930, and stationed in the Pacific. f ROOSEVELT SILENT • - Refrains From Commenting on • Proposed Campaign Launching. \ ALBANY, N. Y-. January 9 UP).— :Gov Roosevelt today refrained from t commenting upon a report from Wash . melon that his supporters for the democratic presidential nomination in North Dakota would enter him as a i iVndidate for the nomination on Janu ca“,4 it, was understood the North l Smtum planned to frame a resolution 'WSr State Committee meeting that call for a reply from Mr. Roose • Hie Governor on Jsnuary l* 1* * to socLir at a Democratic “victory <a,met^eW YOrt ^ i Alleged Slayer and Wife " -- - - L>ut. r~homafl H. Massie, U. S. N., and his wife. :lu D Witness Teils I. C. C. Truck Lines Driving Carriers to New Service. By the Associated Press. The great Eastern trunk line rail roads are preparing to inaugurate store door delivery of freight in New York City to meet the competition of trucks. M. W. Clement, operation vice presi dent of the Pennsylvania Railroad, testifying in hearings on the railroad consolidation case, told Chairman Por ter of the Interstate Commerce Com mission today that “the carriers are practically in agreement as to store door delivery in New York.” 112 dealt at length with the proposed fifth Eastern system outlined in the commission's 1929 consolidation plan and asserted it was impractical because it would create circuitous routes and there would not be enough freight to support it. His views coincided with those previously expressed by several previous witnesses. Trucks Important Factor. LABORITE LEADER DIES IN BRITAIN William Graham. Trade Board Head in Last Cabinet, Succumbs. By the Associated Press. LONDON, January 0.—William Gra | ham. president of the Board of Trade in the recent Labor government, died last night of pneumonia. He was 44 years old. Mr. Graham was regarded by mem bers of all political parties as one of the outstanding figures in the last House of Commons and a brilliant fu ture had been predicted for him Adept With Figure*. He was entirely at home in intricate statistical details and had the faculty enjoyed by the late prime minister, Andrew Bonar taw, of delivering a speech packed with figures for an hour or more without reference to a single note. His piloting of the highly contentious coal mines bill through the last House of Commons earned the admiration of friends and foes alike. •Along with most of the other mem bers of the former Labor cabinet. Mr. Graham lost his seat in the House in the last election. "Since the origination of the con solidation question 10 years ago,” said Clement turning from the fifth system discussion, "truck competition has grown from minor importance to major importance giving complete delivery from the factory door to the store door. The railroads to meet that competition are going to have to do likewise. "The carriers are practically in agree ment as to store door delivery in New York. I predict that what happens in carloads will eventually come to less than carload traffic and what happens in New York will happen throughout trunk line territory. "The fewer the carriers, the stronger the carriers, the more nearly equal are their conditions in the larger cities, the cheaper and more economically and more efficiently will store door delivery be worked out. The more efficiently and more economically that store door delivery is worked out the greater the public benefit.” Disagree on Extensions. It was brought out at yesterday's hearing that although railroad execu tives agree four Eastern systems are enough, they disagree on extending these systems into New England. J. J. Bernet, president of the Chesapeake & Ohio, and Patrick E. Crowley, until re cently president of the New York Cen tral. were yesterday’s witnesses. Bernet, on cross-examination by rep resentatives of New England and Eastern New York communities, as serted his company hoped eventually to enter New England with a Maine line. In this he differed from Daniel Wil lard, president of the Baltimore & Ohio, and W. W Atterbury, president of the Pennsylvania. The former had said he did not want to go into New England with his lines, while Atterbury expressed satisfaction with his present New England connections. , D. F. DAVIS RESIGNS AS GOVERNOR GENERAL OF PHILIPPINE ISLANDS Enjoyed Rapid Rise. Originally a clerk In the war office, Mr. Graham, a graduate of Edinburgh University, later turned to journalism He entered public life as a member of the Edinburgh Town Council and his rise, first in municipal and then in national affairs, was rapid. Ten days ago he was taken ill with influenza and double pneumonia de veloped. -• Former Chairman to Resume Law Practice Here and in West Virginia. Ira E. Robinson, Federal radio com missioner, has resigned from the com mission, effective next Friday, and plans to resume the practice of law. He will maintain offices here and in Barbour County, W. Va., he announced yester day. President Coolidge appointed Mr. Robinson to the commission in 1928 and a month later he was chosen chairman. He continued as head of the commis sion until 1930, when, under the rota tion chairmanship plan, he was suc ceeded by C. McK. Saltzman. Robinson is a native of West Vir ginia and for years has been prominent in public life there. For five years he was president of the State Supreme Court. In 1916 he was Republican nominee for Governor of the State. Senator Fess, Republican, Ohio, said today he thought it likely that Thad Brown of Columbus, Ohio, chief counsel of the Radio Commission, would be ap pointed a commissioner to succeed Mr. Robinson. NINE-POWER PACT REVISION MAY BE SOUGHT BY JAPAN _<Continued From First Page.) Philippines since 1929 He entered cabinet ranks In 1923 when he became Assistant Secretary of War, later serv ing as Secretary of War under Presi dent Coolidge from 1925 to 1929. Earlier he had been a director of the War Finance Corporation, the counter part of which President Hoover hopes to revive in his Reconstruction Cor poration. The President said he accepted the resignation of Davis "with the greatest reluctance.” President’s Statement. In a formal statement the President said: "Governor General Davis accepted the appointment to the Philippine Is lands at great personal sacrifice. His resignation is based upon personal and family reasons, the force of which must, I feel, receive every consideration, par ticularly in view of the very generous sacrifices which he has already made in consenting to remain in the Philip pine Islands much longer than his personal interests warranted. "I have accepted his resignation with ! the greatest reluctance. His admin- j istration of the affairs of the Philippine j Islands has been eminently able and successful and constitutes a fitting con tinuation of the distinguished service he previously rendered as Secretary of War "The two and a half years during which he served in the Philippine Islands have been marked by ex ceptionally cordial and satisfactory rela tions between the American Chief Executive and the legislative and other ; local authorities. "Gov. Gen. Davis relinquishes office | with the deep regret of all concerned and with a further claim upon the [ gratitude and affection of both the j American and Filipino people.” With reference to the Roosevelt ap- | pointment. Mr. Hoover said: "Gov. Roosevelt, who will be ap pointed to relieve Gov. Gen. Davis in the Philippines, has just com pleted a period of duty as Governor of Porto Rico, where he has administered the affairs of the island with marked ability and success. His experience in Porto Rico fits him specially to render valuable service in the larger field to which his new appointment will take him.” Independence Issue Still Up. Meanwhile, the subject of Philippine independence continued in discussions in the Capital. Secretary Hurley, who accompanied Davis to see the Presi dent, said his report on the Philippine question would be withheld, possibly indefinitely. Hurley made an exhaustive study of the islands recently, and after a verbal report to the President, the latter an nounced immediate Independence for them was not wise. The Secretary of War explained his written report would be withheld be cause it was thought better to outline the Philippine situation before con gressional committees. (Continued From First Page.) Communist attack on Huangpei, a town near the mission. ROME TO ANSWER NOTE. Diplomatic Circles Expect Government To Back Stimson in Far East. ROME, January 9 [IP).—It is believed in diplomatic circles that Italy has de cided to support the American action in invoking the nine-power pact in the Far East. The only statement from the foreign office, however, was that a copy of the American note to Japan had been re ceived and that an answer would be sent today. The statement gave no indication as to whether Italy's action would be identical with that of the United States. BRITAIN WILL NOT ACT. — Government Considers Formal Note to Japan Unnecessary. LONDON, January 9 (£’).—Great Britain is not following the lead of the United States in invoking the nine power pact in Manchuria, a foreign office statement said today. While the British government stands by the policy of the open door for in- j ternational trade in Manchuria, the statement said, it has not considered I it necessary to present any formal note 1 to Japan, since that country recently reiterated its adherence to the open- I door policy. 546,332 FINNS VOTED FOR DRY LAW REPEAL By the Associated Press. HELSINGFORS. Finland, January 9 —Tabulation of the total vote in Fin land's prohibition referendum last night showed the following results: Total vote, 774,487, of which 337,418 were women. For continuing the present law, 217, 208, or 28.1 per cent of the total. For modification to permit light wines and beer, 10,947, or 1.4 per cent. For repeal 346,332, or 70.5 per cent. The total number of women voting for repeal was 226.820, or 67.3 per cent of the total women's vote. ^ I P Officers and Men of Fleet De nied Shore Leave in Hono lulu, However. Due to conditions In Honolulu, the Navy today instituted a virtual boycott of the Island of Oahu, on which that city is located, by restricting liberty for officers and enlisted men when the fleet reaches there next month. The joint war games with the Army will go forward, however, but instead of basing i i at Honolulu, the fleet will go to Lahaina Roads, which is located 73 miles south of Honolulu, on the Island of Maul. This was made known today at the Navy Department, which made public a dispatch sent by Admiral William V. Pratt, chief of naval operations, to Admiral Frank H. Schofield, com mander in chief of the United States fleet, who is now aboard the U. S. S. Pennsylvania at San Pedro, Calif., preparatory to sailing for the Hawaiian Islands. Games Will Go On. Admiral Pratt's message follows: "Grand joint exercise No. 4 (sched uled from February 6 to 11, simulating an attack on Honolulu, with Army and Navy forces engaged on each side) will be carried out as scheduled. Upon completion, sail immediately with fleet to Lahaina Roads, granting no liberty to men or officers at Oahu. "Upon arrival at Lahaina critique may be held and any islands visited except Oahu. Liberty may be granted at any island except Oahu, the situa tion there being too tense to permit of it. "You are authorized to modify the schedule within reasonable limits, if you so desire, in order that the fleet may not be forced to stay any undue | length of time at Lahaina, which might affect morale and efficiency, but such a prior sailing must not interfere with the efficient conduct of the following U. S. Fleet problem No. 13 (an attack by the battle force on the West Coast of the United States, which is to be defended by the scouting force and is scheduled for March 8 to 23). Make any arrangements with the Army which suits them.” Violence Is Feared. Under the original schedule, before Honolulu was thrown into a welter of excitement over attacks on white women, the fleet was supposed to anchor at Honolulu. Naval officials ex plained that Admiral Pratt’s message today gives Admiral Schofield the option of staying at Lahaina Roads or sailing immediately, but under the re vised itinerary Honolulu is eliminated from the visit. Officials were advised in dispatches from Honolulu that the three prisoners, accused of implication in the alleged murder of a Hawaiian. Mrs. Granville Fortescue, New York and Washington society matron, her son-in-law, Lieut. Thomas H. MaSsie, U. S. N., and Ed ward J. Lord, fireman, first class, U S. N., have been given into the custody of naval authorities to prevent any possible violence at the city prison. Shore liberty has been restricted by the Army and Navy authorities on the island. Lord, the enlisted man of the Navy, held by Honolulu authorities in con junction with the murder, is 22 years old and is a fireman, first class, aboard the submarine S-22 He is a native of Milford, Mass., where he was born February 2, 1909. He enlisted in the | Navy at Springfield, Mass., on February 15, 1927. He served first at Newport, | R. I„ then* aboard the U. S. 6. Reid, J then at the submarine base. New Lon- j don, Conn., and was aboard the U. S. S. Camden before going to the S-22. Pratt Explains. Admiral Pratt, In a bird s eye view oi i conditions at Honolulu and vicinity ! leading up to today's decision by the naval authorities, said in substance: “Briefly, the situation is this, On the | night of September 12, 1931, the wife of a young naval officer was abducted near Honolulu by five men of mixed blood, taken to a deserted spot, attacked repeatedly, horribly beaten and aban doned. The trial of the case com menced November 16. The best crim inal lawyers on the islands defended these men and it is understood they were paid extraordinarily large fees. Police officials made reports to defense attorneys instead of the city and county attorney’s office. The jury could not agree on a verdict. The defendants were placed at large on bail. A retrial is scheduled. “Meanwhile, Rear Admiral Petten gille, commander mine craft at Hono lulu, advised Admiral Leigh, com mander battle force, that in view of the conditions existing in the islands—40 similar cases having been recorded there in the previous 11 months—it was not safe for wives of naval officers to come \ to Honolulu during the fleet's stay j there from February 11 to March 8. Other Incidents Described. "On December 12,jone of the defand ants was attacked * and beaten by a ?roup of unidentified men. Other dis urbing incidents followed, some in volving threats to naval personnel and their families. “The Governor has promised to re organize the police laws and has sent us word that the situation there is exaggerated. This does not agree with the reports rendered me by Admiral Stirling, the naval commandant in the islands. “American men will not stand for the violation of their women under any circumstances. For this cnme they have taken the matter into their own hands repeadedly when they have felt that the law has failed to do justice. “The present action is taken because we believe it will be unsafe to send the fleet to anchor near Honolulu, for acts of violence which might result in blood shed are almost certain to take place under present circumstances.'' PARIS ARMS VIEWS Defense Council Announces Policy to Be Maintained at Geneva Conference. Bv th* Associated Press. PARIS, January 9.—The attitude of France at the Disarmament Conference next month will follow the lines of the i recent memorandum to the League of Nations setting forth the "contention that security is the basis for reduction of arms. , ,, , _ The Superior Council of National De fense has decided that this will be the policy. Carrying its thesis further in the memorandum to the League, France maintained that there should be a sys tem of mutual armed assistance among the nations which could function promptly and effectively. The govern ment also is ready to study all general solutions, such as universal pledges of mutual assistance, a combination of local agreements or the creation of an International armed force. It was learned that a plan for mutual assistance has been prepared by the Fre nch experts, but Its exact nature has not been divulged. Former Premier Paul Painleve, men tioned as a possible successor to the late Andre Maginot as minister of war, wrote in a newspaper article published today that reduction of armaments must be based on international guarantees and must take into account the industrial power of the nations, because this power represents "potential sinews of war.” M. Painleve went to Nice this after noon. He was suffering from an attack of bronchitis. Document Charging Frauds in Two Trials Mav Bring Leg islation, Walsh Says. The report on the Mooney-Billings case, in which three Wickersham Com mission experts charged violations of California law by police and prosecu tion, will be referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee “for possible con sideration of legislation to avoid similar miscarriages of justice in the future,” Senator Walsh, Democrat, of Montana, said yesterday. Walsh was one <jf the authors of the resolution under which the Senate called for a copy of the hitherto un disclosed report. The document, sent to the Senate yesterday, was submitted to the commission last June by three experts as part of a study of "lawless ness in law enforcement." It was not accepted, the commission holding it had no right to review State cases. Police and Prosecutors Scored. Since then its existence has often been hinted at, and its revelation ful filled advance notices of its spectacu lar contents. Prom the arrest of Thomas J. Moo ney and Warren K. Billings, through their trial and conviction to their un availing requests for new trials, irregu larities on the part of police and prese cuting authorities were charged. The volume bears the names of Zech ariah Chafee, jr.; Walter H. Poliak and Carl 6. Stern, described as "consult ants" to the commission, and Thomas A. Halleran, "assistant.” The charges contained in a concise statement of "conclusions" at the end of the book included the assertion that 'witnesses were coached in their testi mony to a degree that approximated subornation of perjury. "There is a strong inference,” it con tinued, “that some of this coaching was done by prosecuting officials and other evidence points to knowledge by the prosecuting officials that such coaching was being practiced on other witnesses,” HOUSE TARIFF BILL EXPECTED TO PASS Representatives Meet Early to Resume Discussions and Limit Debate. By the Associated Press. Expecting to pass the measure before the day was over, the House met an hour early today to resume considera tion of the Democratic tariff bill. Approval of the measure to take the power of rate-making away from the President was regarded as certain. The bill gives Congress authority to :hange duties on the recommendation of the Tariff Commission, and provides for a permanent economic conference to adjust international tariff duties. An agreement was reached by Chair man Collier of the House Ways and Means Committee, and Representative Hawley of Oregon, the ranking Re publican, to end debate at 3 o'clock. Consideration of amendments is then expected to occupy about two hours. The discussion was opened by Repre sentative Holaday, Republican, Illinois, who said he would propose an amendment to prevent the subject of immigration from being considered by the proposed international confer ence. Representative Celler, New York, Democrat, said that under the present administration the people could not obtain relief from the Tariff Commis sion. AUTO PUZZLE CONTEST TO START IN TOMORROW’S ISSUE OF STAR Competition Carrying Cash Prizes Designed to Stimulate Interest in Motor Exhibition. BY G. ADAMS HOWARD. The primary purpose of the puzzle contest which commences in tomorrow's Star is to stimulate interest in the National Capital Automobile Show scheduled at the Auditorium, January 30-February 6. This is the belief of the membership of the Washington Automotive Trade Association, which is conducting the contest with the co operation of The Star. The association is of the opinion that the 1932 motor vehicle is the greatest of all time. In this superla tive expression reference is made to value, safety, driving ease, dependability and last, but not necessarily least, looks. It will be worth any one's time to go to the show, whether one is interested in the purchase of a new car or not. The show displays the completed handiwork of America's great Industry. The contest will commence tomorrow with tw»o puzzles to be found in the automobile section of The Star. Two cars, both of which will be on exhibition at the Auditorium show week, will be represented. Directions with the puz zles will make them easy to solve. Each day afterward one or two more puz zles will be published, until 25 have been given. Keep them, all with their answers and mail them together with a 25-word or less reason “Why the automobile show should be held an nually in Washington.” Mail them to the Washington Automotive Trade Association, suite 1002 Chandler Build ing, 1427 I street. All replies must be in the office by 10 a.m. Tuesday, Febru ary 2. Announcement of the winners will be in The Star the following Thursday. Remember, do not mail the solutions one at a time. Wait until you have answered them all and then send them in. Do not forget to have the slogan mailed with the answers. The slogan may be in prose or poetry. The prizes are: First prize $50 and six tickets to the show, second prize $25 and six tickets, third prize $10 and four tickets, fourth prize $5 and four tickets, and 10 addi tional prizes of $1 each and two tickets, and 30 prizes of two tickets each. The iudges will be Fred L. Haller and Joe B. Trew, president and vice president, respectively, of the Washington Auto motive Trade Association, and G. Adams Howard, automobile editor of The Star. Members of the Washington Auto motive Trade Association and employes of The Star and their families will not be eligible for competition. NONSENSE, DAWES SAYS OF RUMOR HE’LL SEEK PRESIDENCY (Continued From First Page.)_ pledged to Mr. Hoover, was seen as the answer by Republican stalwarts to rumors that. President Hoover might have strong opposition for renomina tion. Moses said he was opposed to the New Hampshire law which binds a dele gate to continuing support for the can didate to whom he is pledged. Attacks Technicalities. He added, however, it was no time to stand on technicalities and said he would take every opportunity to express his confidence in the President. Despite this, however, there has been talk of a third party among the Re publican Independents. Senator Hiram Johnson of California has set himself against Mr. Hoover’s renomination. Even before Dawes squelched whispers that he might have the presidency in mind, his friends attached no signif icance to the informal manner in which he announced his resignation, instead of through the customary White House announcement. They said “that was Daw'es” and it would not have been like him to observe the usual formalities. Dawes left his announcement here, to be given out some time after his de parture for Chicago last night, in the surprise manner so characteristic of the picturesque ex-Army general, banker and Republican leader. He said he was going ahead as chair man of the American delegation to the forthcoming Geneva Arms Conference, but that he w'ould stay there only until the “general work which our Govern ment has in mind for me” is completed. He would not remain, he said, to com plete technical details. Presidential Possibility. There was no mention of President Hoover in the statement and despite the declaration that he was looking for ward "to life as a private citizen of Chicago,” Republicans and Democrats pondered the idea that the door was open to him so far as the 1932 presi dential campaign is concerned. Against this political view of many was the thought by others close to Dawes that he really has intended coming back to his bank for more than a year. They also point out that he 1s vitally interested in the approaching celebration to be staged by Chicago, the Century of Progress Exposition. With it all was the constant reminder that Dawes is a prominent Republican and was viewed as a potential presi dential candidate in 1928, when his close friend and political associate, Frank O. Lowden of Illinois was a can didate against Herbert Hoover for the nomination. Regret for the resignation of Dawes was expressed at the White House to day on behalf of President Hoover. Walter Newton, one of the President’s secretaries, said the Ambassador had discussed his resignation with Mr. Hoover immediately upon his return here from London. Talk of Dawes as a candidate in the 1932 political campaign was minimized at tne White House, although no state ment was made for quotation there. Newton praised Dawes’ service to the country, adding civic demands upon him had influenced his decision. He indicated he referred to Dawes’ work in connection with the 100th anniver sary celebration in Chicago. Explains His Aims. The man to whom a diplomat’s Job was ‘ easy on the brain but hell on the feet” made this announcement of his intentions: "After I have completed the general work for which our Government has in mind for me at Geneva as chairman of the American delegation, I do not expect to remain for the technical work which will be taken up conjointly with the disarmament experts. "I shall then resign as Ambassador to Great Britain and return to Chi cago, where I will take up my old work as a banker and become chairman of the board of the Central Republic Bank & Trust Co. After a long absence, in official positions, I am looking forward to the renewal of my old associations and to life as a private citizen of Chicago.” Dawes’ name already has been men tioned in speculation over this year's presidential nominee, but he has put aside this speculation as "nonsense.” However, the first reaction in political circles was to regard his resignation as significant politically. Dawes' announcement was given to newspaper men gathered at the Nation al Press Club by E. Ross Bartley, who was his secretary while he was Vice President. Dawes was appointed Ambassador to the Court of St. James in 1£29 by President Hoover shortly after leav ing the vice presidency. He entered public life early and his colorful utter ances upon public occasions are almost as well known abroad as in this country. He had hardlv reached London before he startled staid diplomatic circles by his disregard of formalities. Dawes served through the World War and in the post-conflict days returned to Europe to help draft the reparations plan that bore his name. His interna tional experience was again called upon by the Nation in 1930 when President Hoover appointed him a delegate to the London Naval Conference. Prone to Strong Language. Pgone to strong language at the most unexpected times, his public utterances have been a gift to the Nation’s head line writers. Through his service as Vice President, in command of the Senate, the same blunt, language kept him continually in the public eye. He had hardly taken his gavel in hand be fore he told the Senate he intended to do something about their wrangling and seek a change of rules. The affront which the Senate took at his remark, however, was forgotten and he left the dias as one of the most popular Vice Presidents. HITS CANDIDACY TALK. Dawes Says “It’s All Damn Nonsense” On Arrival at Chicago. CHICAGO, January 9 (£>).—Charles G. Dawes, who announced last night he would retire as Ambassador to Eng land. stepped off a train today, smiled and in 13 words dismissed all questions about his potential candidacy for Pres ident in 1932. “It’s all damn nonsense,” he said with a tone of finality. “There’s nothing to it. I won’t even discuss it.” Rejects All Questions. As newspaper men fired question after question at him the Ambassador declined to amplify the announcement of retirement released in Washington after his departure for Chicago. "So this is the life of a private citi zen,” he remarked with genial humor when cameramen’s flashlights greeted him. “And I was coming home to retire.” In turn the picturesque Republican leader and former Vice President briefly dismissed queries about the prospects of the Geneva Conference, for which he will leave January 20 as head of the American delegation, and about reports that war debts and reparations would form a major part of its program. “I can’t discuss it,” he said. Denies Merger Rumor. He denied that he was retiring to private life to head a rumored merger of his Central Republic Bank & Trust Co. with another large Chicago finan cial institution, reiterating what he said in the Washington statement, that he intended to return to his old post as chairman of the board of the Cen tral Republic. There have been no substantiations of the bank merger re ports. “I am coming home to take care of my business like every good American should do,” he said. Britain’s new naval sloop Bidefcrd is an her maiden commission to the East Indies. I Refuses to Bare Informant on $1,000,000 Fund for Miners. By the Associated Press. The President’s organization for un- j employment relief maintained today it has been informed the Red Cross has set aside more than $1,000,000, which was left over from 1930 drought relief, for aid to suffering miners and their families. Although Red Cross officials yester i day said they were "at a loss” to ex I plain a statement to this effect by Walter S. Gifford, director of the Presi dent’s organization, spokesmen for the | committee today insisted they had been informed on the figure. The source of their information they refused to disclose. Pleas Repeatedly Refused. The committee also said it was Gif ford’s understanding that the use of the National Red Cross money is not necessarily a change in policy, since it does not involve Red Cross reserve funds. Chairman Payne of the Red Cross repeatedly has refused demands for miners’ relief by the national or ganization. He has said local chapters might use any funds they had, and spokesmen repeated yesterday there had been “no change in policy.” 68 Chapters at Work. Chahman Payne said that 68 chap ters in mining districts are participat ing in unemployment relief with other social agencies. It was said also that since this report, for December 1, about 20 other chapters in mining territory had joined in relief. The President’s Committee said today that local Red Cross chapters are working in "prac tically every county where need exists." Mellon Pays Railroad Fare of 276 Marchers to Pittsburgh. Their railroad fair paid by Secretary of the Treasury Mellon. 276 members of Father James R. Cox's army of un employed, stranded here Thursday, ar rived in Pittsburgh thfc morning aboard fast express trains. Out sight-seeing when the long cara van of trucks and automobiles carrying the main body of Father Cox’s jobless marchers left for home, the men were unwittingly left behind. When the District of Columbia Com mittee on Employment declined to pay their train fare home, an appeal was made to Representative Clyde Kelly of Pennsylvania. He asked for and got special railroad rates from the Balti more & Ohio and Pennsylvania Rail roads. Figuring on only 200 men, at $4.50 each, this was to cost $900. With a Pittsburgh colleague. Repre sentative Erk, he called the Treasury, and Secretary Mellon promised to un derwrite the trip. But at the last moment, 76 other men, hearing they were to go home, turned up. Repre sentative Kelly again called the Treas ury, and the Secretary again gave his approval, bringing the total bill to $1,242. The group pulled out of Union Sta tion for Pittsburgh yesterday afternoon in six day coaches coupled to regular express trains of the B. & O. and Penn sylvania, bedraggled but overjoyed at the prospects of “riding the cushions” back home. They were kept in igno rance of the identity of their benefactor. “All we know,” said one, “is that they told us some Senators and Repre sentatives chipped in. Who is paying for all this, anyway? Whoever he is, he's one swell guy. INDIAN POLICE END HIGHWAY BLOCKADE Charge Nationalists Who Have Been Sitting in Road for Four Days. By the Associated Press. JUBBULPORE, India, January 9.— Jubbulpore’s “road-sitting contest” be tween members of the Congress and po lice ended today. The local magistrate ordered the police to disperse the large group of Nationalists and their sympa thizers, who squatted in the middle of the main road last Tuesday in protest against an edict against their holding a parade. While the contest went on for four days and nights, police watchers were relieved every few hours, but the In dians remained sitting. They were given five minutes to dis perse by the magistrate’s order, but ttjey stayed on until the police charged with staves. They offered no resistance. Three leaders were arrested. The office of the Hindu Jati, vernac ular newspaper, was raided at midnight by police, who seized the press and other properties. TRADE AID PROGRAM GAINS IN CONGRESS Senate Vote on Finance Corpora tion Imminent, With House Action Due Next Week, By the Associated Press. The administration Droeram for bet tering business gained ground in Con- ; gress today, with a Senate vote immi-1 nent on the Reconstruction Finance j Corporation. A House committee considered the' same proposition approvingly. Early, next week a House vote is due. Meanwhile, the third of President Hoover's rehabilitation measures, a bill to create a system of Federal home* loan discount banks, was slated for early Senate action with appointment of a special committee to hold hearings. Headed by Senator Watson, Repub lican leader. It comprises Senators Goldsborough. Republican, Maryland; Couzens, Republican, Michigan; Morri son, Democrat, North Carolina, and Bulkley, Democrat, Ohio. Senator Watson plans to start hear ings as soon as passible after action on the reconstruction finance corpora tion and Federal land bank capitaliza tion bills. SPEAKS ON MANCHURIA Judge Paul M. Linebarger, legal ad- : riser to the Chinese national govern nent, addressed the Georgetown Uni- ’ ■ ersity Foreign Service School Semi- 1 lar yesterday afternoon on the topic, 'What Manchu!^| Means to America." HOOVER WARNS U. S. JO SLASH TO * i , President Flays Pending Bills to Appropriate 40 Billion Over Next Five Years. Congress and the country received l another admonition from President Hoover yesterday on the subject of economy. Rigid curtailment of expen ditures is the "real road to relief." the President maintained In renewing his criticism of sectional Interests that seek Federal appropriations. Talking yesterday afternoon to news paper men, the Chief Executive ham mered particularly at sectional demands for appropriations. Those now pend ing in Congress, he said, total about $40,000,000,000 for expenditure over the next five years. But, he added, of course most of these bills will get no where, and Congress has shown a real desire to cut costs and attain a bal anced budget. There was assurance for the country, he contended, in the developments in Congress of the past week, the non partisan determination expressed by, leaders to hold down governmental ex penditures. Warns Against Squandering. But budget balancing, he warned. In volves resolute opposition to any en largement of Government activities. For this reason he called on the backers of sectional expenditures to show real patriotism by abandoning these de mands, even though it entailed real sacrifice. He summed up the whole of his argument in one line: "We cannot squander ourselves into prosperity.” The President said: "I wish to emphasize to the full ex tent of my ability the necessity, as a fundamental to recovery, of the utmost economy of governmental expenditure of all kinds. Our people must realize that government cannot continue to live in a depression upon the scale that was possible in times of great pros perity. Says Taxes Depend on Savings. "The developments of the past week should give great assurances to the country. The public statements of the Republican and Democratic leaders of the Senate and House show a real non partisan determination in co-operation with the administration to assure the country of the balancing of the Fed eral expenditures and income for the fiscal year beginning July 1. “The amount of taxes we will need to impose for this purpose will depend entirely upon what further cuts w* can make in Government expenditures. The budget before Congress represents a reduction of $360,000,000 in Federal expenditures for the next fiscal year. “I shall welcome any further reduc tion which can be made and still pre serve the proper and just functioning of the Federal Government. With the general realization of the necessity of reductions in expenditures we should also at last he able to bring about the wholesale elimination of overlapping in the Federal Government bureaus and agencies, which will also contribute ma terially to the program of economy. Hopes to Avoid Increasing Debt. "With this program we are thus as sured that we can maintain the full stability and credit of the Federal Gov ernment by no Increase in the public debt after covering the deficit of this fiscal year and no further increase after the first of next July. "The balancing of next year’s ex penditure and receipts and the new limitations of borrowing implies the resolute opposition to any new or en larged activities of the Government. With the assurances which have now been given from the leaders in Con gress I do not believe there is any ground for apprehension by the public from the flood of extravagant proposals which have been introduced there. "It is true that these bills would imply an increase of Government ex penditure during the next five years of over $40,000,000,000, or more than $8,000,000,000 per annum. Appeals to Patriotism. “The great majority of these bills have been advanced by some organisa tion or some sectional interest and are little likely to see the light of day from congressional committees. “They do, however, represent a spirit of spending in the country which must be abandoned. I realize that drastic economy involves sacrifice of large hopes of expenditures promoted by such interests. However, I appeal to their sense of patriotism in these times not to press their demands. They should withdraw the pressures upon governmental officials. “Rigid economy is a real road to re lief to home owners, farmers, workers and every element of our population. The proposed budget of Federal Gov ernment expenditures for the next fis cal year amounts to about $4,000,000,000, of which over $2,800,000,000 is for debt, military and veterans’ services and nearly half the balance is for aid to employment in construction works and as aids to agriculture. Holds Economy Fundamental. “It is worth noting that the State and local government expenditures of the country amount to nearly $9,000, 000,000. The Federal Government itself ofttimes contributes to increased State and local expenditure by appropriations requiring a matching of money by the States. The result is pressure upon State officials by the groups who will re ceive benefits from these expenditures and makes them the unwilling victims of increased government costs. “Our first duty as a Nation is to put our governmental house in order, Na tional, State and local. With the re turn of prosperity the Government can undertake constructive projects both of social character and in public improve ment. "We cannot squander ourselves into prosperity The people will, of course, provide against distress, but the pur pose of the Nation must be to restore employment by economic recovery. The reduction in governmental expenditures and the stability of Government finance is the most fundamental step toward this end. It can contribute greatly to employment and the recovery of pros perity in agriculture. That must be our concentrated purpose.” MARY GARDEN SIGNS NEW YORK, January 9 (/P).—Mary Garden, opera star, has signed a three year radio contract with the Columbia Broadcasting System, she announced yesterday just before sailing for Europe on the Cunard liner Mauretania. Her radio programs will begin some time in the Spring, after a three months' engagement this Winter witR the Opera Comique in Paris. —:-» - BAND CONCERT. By the United States Soldiers’ Hofi Band this evening at Stanley Hall 4 5:30 o’clock; John S. M. Zimmerma&fr bandmaster; Anton Pointner, assistant March, “The Grenadiers Guard,’’ boat# Overture, “Jean de Paris’’....Boieldieu Suite romantic, “A Day in Arcadia,’’ Samuels Synopsis—The shadows roll away— Dawn—Birds begin to sing—Fishing boats put off—Church bell for matins —The mill—Blacksmith shop—The Smith's song—Twilight—The cattle are driven home—Young people gath er on the green—Finale—The country dance. Excerpts from musical comedy, “The Dream Girl”.Herbert fox trot, “There’s No Depression in Love" .Dougherty Waltz suite, “The Kiss Waltz,” Ziehrer 'inale, “Roll on Mississippi, Roll On,” ,M McCaffrty “The Star-Spangled Banner."