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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 03, 1932, Image 1

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WEATHER. If
(U. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
' Cloudy with rain tonight and tomor
row; minimum temperature tonight about S
42 degrees: colder tomorrow. fl
Temperatures—Highest. 50, at noon b
today; lowest, 36, at noon yesterday. 3
Full report on page 9.
Closing N.Y. Markets, Pagesl3,14& 15___ _Yesterday s Circulation, 124,264
vr •)») ()■; 1 Entered as second class matter WASHINGTON, D. C.? WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1932-THIRTY-SIX PAGES. &¥& UP) Means Associated Pres*. TW () ( E\TS
JNO. post office. Washington. D. C._ _ 7___'_ _ __ ___
tOKIO TO MAKE COUNTER PEACE PROPOSALS
CHINESE SINK JAPANESE WAR SHIP;
U. S. \ ESSEL IN RANGE OF GUN FIRE;
PROBE OF MANCHURIA IS REJECTED
_______—-——--1 !_
Fijilit Renewed
on Chapei and
River Forts.
AMERICANS <^l IT
CITY OF NANKING
Houston Anchors in
V haiigpoo as Gal
lic Reopens.
By the Associated Press.
Chinese and Japanese troops
turned the battered Chapei sector
of Shanghai into a bloody and
burning shambles again today,
while the Japanese government
at Tokio deliberated upon the
British-American proposals for
peace, which the Chinese already
have accepted.
American women and children,
numbering more than 40. were
evacuated from Nanking during
the aftenoon and taken to Shang
hai on a river steamer, although
peace prevailed at Nanking during
the day under a truce arranged
between Chinese and Japanese
authorities.
While airplanes rained bombs
on Chapei and the district was
swept by sheets of machine-gun
fire, columns of smoke poured
skyward from a number of new
fires lighted in the ruins of last
Friday's holocaust. The Chinese
troops put up a strong defense
and landed several shells from
their trer.ch mortars in the Jap
anese district in the Hongkew sec
tion.
Another Japanese landing party
of troops made a determined as
sault on the Chinese forts at Woo
sung and Poochan, several miles
down the river from Shanghai,
while big guns from the Japanese
warships in the river shelled the
fortifications.
Chinese headquarters at Shang
hai reported a Japanese destroyer
was sunk by guns from the fort at
t woosung and that Chinese troops
ffcntmued to hold the fortifica
Bteaches Whangpoo.
States Cruiser Houston.
Asiatic Fleet, arrived in
River while the forts
led and was halted tem
d coming within the line
ipanese guns. Afterward,
Marines aboard, it pro
river and anchored at
troops will evacuate the
or in which United States Marines
j. s»ttoned in Shanghai, commencing
, 8 a.m. Thursday. Shanghai time, Col.
iiard S. Hooker, commanding the
Regiment. United States Marines,
day advised the Navy Department.
Col. Hooker's message follows:
“Definitely arranged for all Japanese
•foops to evacuate Marine sector, com
fcenclng at 8 a.m. Thursday British
Will finish taking over tonight (Wed
nesday) at midnight. (11 a.m Eastern
Standard Time). Japanese retiring to
’central barracks. Marine sector, where
full evacuations will take place.”
The United States Destroyer Edsall
has been ordered from Shanghai to I
Nanking to augment the Simpson sta- j
tinned there.
About 500 Japanese bluejackets have
been landed in the American Marine :
sector to guard Japanese cotton mills |
with machine guns.
British io Aid Marines.
The Hooker reference to the British
taking over was said at the Navy prob- j
ably to mean that the British will re
inforce Americans in patrolling this
district.
The Japanese troops, upon evacua
tion. probably have agreed to ccnfine
their patrolling to that section of the
settlement which is east of the Chinese
volunteer area running several miles
along the Whangpoo River and south
of the Hongkew section where fight
ing has been taking place.
A report, embodying his opinion on
the situation at Shanghai, was re
ceived today by the Navy Department
lrom Admiral Montgomery M. Taylor,
commander in chief of the U. S. Asiatic
fleet. This report, which was not made
public^at the Navy Department. was
(Continued on Page 4. Column 1.)
MACDONALD GOES
UNDER KNIFE TODAY
Presides at Cabinet Meeting Before
Going to Hospital for
Ten-Day Stay.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. February 3 — Prime Min
ister Ramsay MacDonald presided over
a meeting of the cabinet today before
going to a nursing home for an opera
tion on one of his eyes.
A specialist examined the eye before
the cabinet session began and said the
condition was not serious. The prime
minister went without his lunch in
preparation for the anesthetic. He
planned to be away from Downing street
for 10 days, but arranged to be kept
closely informed on developments of
the Far Eastern situation.
Stanley Baldwin. Conservative leader.
Hill preside at cabinet meetings in the
meantime. When Mr. MacDonald is
fully recovered he expects to take a
short holiday and go to Geneva to at
tend thp n r
Japanese Peace Stand
Tokio Unwilling for Neutrals to Conduct Investi
gation Involving Manchurian
Question.
I
By the Associated Press.
Unofficially the Japanese attitude to
ward the proposals of Western powers
to end hostilities was summed up thus:
1. Cessation of acts of violence is ac
ceptable providing the Chinese also
agree.
2. A pledge to refrain from prepara
tion for further hostilities may be made
when Japan is convinced of China's
sincerity in making a similar pledge.
3. Withdrawal of Japanese bluejackets
from points where there is great Jap
I
PEACE PROPOSALS
i

Encouragement Felt With In
dications Tokio Will Agree
to Four Points.
Bv the Associated Press
China accepted the American and
British proposals as a basis for peace
with Japan today, but the State Depart
ment did not expect to hear from Tokio
as readily.
It was plainly evident in cabinet cir
cles that President Hoover and his ad
visors felt more encouraged than for
days that more tragedy would be avert- j
ed at Shanghai. Nevertheless, precau
tions for protection of Americans there
and elsewhere in China were relaxed I
not a bit.
Dispatches from Japan, showing dis- |
inclination to accept a portion of the ;
suggested basis for peace, was to an ex
tent expected here, but it was hoped
this would not prove a major stumbling
block. ,
President Insistent.
The President was reported as insist- !
ent on the inclusion of an acknowledge
ment of the effectiveness of the Kellogg
pact as a basis for any negotiations
conducted under the good offices of this (
country.
The whole negotiations are being car- !
ried on swiftly, and numerous telephone j
calls are being made across the Atlantic ,
toward the assured co-operation of the j
United States, Great Britain, France |
and Italy.
The Navy dispatched the destroyer
Edsall up the Yangtze River to join the
Simpson at Nanking. Some Americans
are being evacuated there.
A Japanese version of the firing on
the Chinese port Woosung. up the river ;
from Shanghai, was given out at the J
embassy here, saying that on February 3
three Japanese destroyers left Shanghai
to return to Japan. As they were pass
ing the Woosung fortress the fortress
opened fire on them. '
According to the message 30 shells j
were fired by the Chinese as well as I
machine gun and rifle fire. A shell
fiom a Japanese destroyer apparently
struck the powder supply of the fortress
and exploded it, with the result that the
fortress was blown up and silenced by
noon.
Total Casualties Listed.
A report received by the embassy
from Tokio gives the total casualties
among the Japanese marines from the
beginning of the trouble in Shanghai
to 6 p.m on February 2 as 23 dead,
84 ser.Vusly wounded and 75 slightly
wounded.
Four Japanese civilians are known to
have been killed, eight seriously wound
ed and one slightly wounded. This is
regarded at the embassy as only a par
tial report of Japanese casualties among
civilians.
Optimism over reports that Japan
would accept the first four points of the 1
peace proposal was expressed to the
American Government by Sir Ronald
Lindsay, the British Ambassador, to j
Undersecretary Castle at the State De
partment.
Quit American Area.
Agreement for evacuation of Japanese J
troops from a portion of the Interna- j
tional Settlement at Shanghai guarded j
by American Marines was reported by
Col. Richard S. Hooker, the Marine
commandant.
In this area, west of the section;
patrolled by Chinese volunteers, north j
of the French concession and east of
the British sector, are the American
concentration points in emergencies.
The Hooker message said: "Definite
ly arranged for all Japanese troops to
evacuate Marine sector commencing 8
am., Thursday, Shanghai time (13
hours ahead of Eastern standard time).
"British will finish taking over to
night at midnight. Shanghai time.
"Japanese retiring to central bar
racks. Marine sector, where full evac
uation will take place.”
FRANCE TO CHANGE
U. S. RADIO QUOTAS
_
Rollin Promises Satisfaction to i
Americans in Their Fight
for Equality.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, February 3.—Minister of
Commerce Rollin today promised satis
faction to American radio equipment
manufacturers in their fight for equal
ity with other nations in the new
French importation quota decrees.
He assured Charles G. Loeb. presi
dent of the American Chamber of
Commerce, he would change the quotas
after March 31.
The recent decrees “brought Amer
ican radio business in France to r
” Mr T '■v'h ** ' ■*
m DELEGATES
Committee to Decide Whether
1930 Convention Is to Be
Adhered to.
By the Associated Press.
GENEVA, February 3—The first
wheel of the machinery which is in- j
tended to slice world armaments again
turned today with the organization of j
the Procedure Committe of the confer
ence at which representatives of 60
nations are attempting to bring the
world nearer peace.
The Procedure Committee was ap
pointed yesterday by Arthur Henderson
of Great Britain, president of the con
ference. Its task is to chart the road
which the disarmament parley will fol
low and to keep the negotiations in the
pathway as long as the conference lasts.
Its first and most important duty is
to decide how' far the draft of the con
vention of 1930 is to be followed. This
convention, as Chairman Henderso*
pointed out yesterday, provides the
framework for limitation and reduc
tion of armaments, but contains no
figures.
Group Rejects Proposal.
One group of nations, headed by Ger
many. has declined to support the con
vention. while many others, including
the United States, has made reserva
tions as to particular sections.
Germany's objection is based on the
claim that the convention perpetuates
the Versailles treaty, under which, she
maintains, she has been disarmed dis
proportionately to the nations which
emerged the victors from the World
War. The reservation of the United
States is based on the question of
budgetary or financial limitations.
France, chief among the supporters
of the convention, insists this document j
must form the basis of all discussion,
but Chairman Henderson declared the
conference is free to consider any other
texts or proposals that may be sub
mitted to it.
From the layman's viewpoint, the
committee on popular petitions, on
which Dr Mary Woolley, American
delegate, sits, is more likely to seize the
public imagination than the Technical
Procedure Committee, for it Is through
the Petitions Committee that the voice
of the peoples can be heard directly.
Russians Win Victory.
The Russians have won a victory I
over this Swiss government in forcing j
a reversal of the Swiss decision to bar
Karl Radek. foreign editor of the Soviet J
newspaper Isvestia, from attending the j
conference.
“If we had not known we would win J
this point yesterday.’’ the spokesman
said. “Litvinoff would have objected to
the selection of M. Motta, president of i
Switzerland, as honorary president of
the conference.”
The Soviet delegation is closely
guarded by a half dozen plain clothes
men and uniformed gendarmes are on
duty night and day at their headquar
ters.
Fifteen local Communists were ar
rested last night because they staged
a demonstration' in a downtown square.
TAKOMA WOMAN
BURNED IN FLORIDA
--
Mrs. Mary E. Armentrout and
Three Others Injured on
Fishing Trip.
By the Associated Press.
MIAMI, Fla., February 3.—Mrs. Mary
E. Armentrout of Takoma Park, Md„
was burned critically and three other
Winter visitors from Takoma Park re
ceived lesser Injuries today when a
small boat they chartered for a day’s
deep-sea fishing caught fire 4 miles
from shore.
The others burned are Russell J. Ar
mentrout. husband of Mrs. Armentrout,
and Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Matthews, ir.
The fire was sighted by another fish
ing boat, which rescued the injured.
They were taken to a Miami Beach
hospital.
The boat was towed into Biscayne
Bay after the fire was extinguished.
The Captain, A. T. Fine, and his son,
C. W. Fine, were burned slightly.
The four persons injured at Miami
today left Takoma Park Saturday for
a brief Southern vacation. Mr. Armen
trout, whose Takoma Park address is
108 Cedar avenue, is manager of an
auto accessories shop at 944 I street in
Washington. Mr. Matthews is a build
ing contractor of Takoma Park and
V7-cMngton. He lives at S3 Takoma
o-'rk
* m
Neutral Part in
Settlement
Refused.
FOUR POINTS
ARE GIVEN O. k.
Stand Follows After
Consultation With
Elder Statesman.
By the Associated Press.
TOKIO, February 3.—Japan is
unalterably opposed to any pro
posal for neutral participation in
negotiations regarding Manchuria,
Kenkichi Yoshizawa, the foreign
minister, said tonight after con
sulting Prince Saionji, the Oracle
of Okitsu.
Tomorrow, he said, he will pre
sent to the diplomatic representa
tives of the powers participating
in proposals to settle the Sino
Japanese conflict a reply which
will be in the form of a series
of counter-proposals, suggesting
modification of certain points!
which Japan finds unacceptable.
The foreign minister talked for
two hours with the 84-year-old
prince, whose advice always is
sought when the empire's vital in
terests are involved, and as soon
as he got back he went into con
ference with Premier Inukai.
Later he announced he could not
say whether a special cabinet |
meeting would be necessary to
draft a reply to the powers’ pro
posals.
Japan, he said, refuses to con
sider the Manchurian problem in
the same category with the pres
ent situation at Shanghai.
Rejects Fifth Proposal.
"We arc eager to maintain the friend
ship of the other great powers." he
said, "but at the same time we must 1
protect the rights and interests of j
Japanese citizens in China."
Japan cannot accept the fifth pro
posal of the powers, providing for ne
gotiations to settle Sino-Japanese con
troversies in the spirit of the pact of
Paris, he said, because of the stipula
tion that neutral observers participate
in negotiations which are intended to
include the Manchurian issue.
"Refusal to permit any third party
to take part in the settlement of the
Manchurian question is a fundamental
principle of this government's policy,
he said, "as it has been of former gov
ernments.”
Earlier in the day a spokesman for i
the foreign office indicated that the .
first four of the five proposals prob
ably would be acceptable to the Japa
nese government. Tokio's objection to '
tContinued on Page 4, Column 3.)
OUSTED PASTOR PLEADS
FOR PULPIT IN SECRET
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, February 3.—Behind
closed doors a council of the Congre
gational Church today heard the plea
of Rev. Prank Dyer, deposed paster of
the fashionable Wilshire Boulevard
Church in Los Angeles, for reinstate
ment as a minister of the church.
Newspaper men, church members and
onlookers were barred from the hearing
and the ministerial tribunal said no re
port of the proceedings would be given
out until a decision was reached. This
was expected by early tomorrow.
The charges lodged against Dr. Dyer
in Los Angeles were that his preach
ing was “radical and violent"; that he
padded pay rolls, and, among others,
that he negotiated with Jack Dempsey
to arrange a prize fight for the benefit
of the church.
Today's hearing was held at the
Ravenswood Congregational Church.
Dr. Dyer recently came to Chicago and
became a member of this congregation.
SUICIDE VERDICTS OVERRULED,
INSURANCE PAID KIZER’S WIDOW
Treasury Beneficial Association Sends $750 Check,
Full Amount of Policy.
The coroner's jury which returned a
suicide verdict after each of two in
quests into the death of Harry D. Kizer,
53-year-old War Department auditor,
was overruled by the Treasury Depart
ment Beneficial Association, a mutual
life insurance organization for employes
of various Government departments, it
was announced today.
A check for $750, the full amount of
the policy held by Kizer, was for
warded to his widow, Mrs. Grace S.
Kizer, by Herbert G. Kaiser, president
of the association.
Because tne policy was less than a
year old. the suicide decisions could
have rendered it contestable legally, it
was explained by Kaiser.
Nevertheless, he continued, the or
ganization's counsel, Frank Birgfeld,
chief clerk of the Treasury Department,
after examining a transcript of the
testimony offered at the two inquests,
offered the opinion there was no evi
dence of suicide. The same view was
taken by officials of the insurance com
pany which underwrites the associa
tion’s policies, to whom the transcript,
together with Blrgfeld’s opinion, was
Kizer died in Emergency Hospital
last December 10, a few days after he
had been overcome by carbon monoxide
gas Mrs. Kizer found him unconscious
on the floor of the garage in the base
ment of their home at 5702 Colorado
avenue.
Following an inquest conducted by
Coroner Joseph D. Rogers, the dead
man's brother-in-law, William O. Tufts,
1635 Madison street, was given per
mission to address the jury, which had
announced a verdict of suicide. Despite
Tufts’ protestations, the jurors, after
15 or 20 minutes’ additional delibera
tion, announced they would adhere to
their decision.
Tufts appealed to Deputy coroner
A. Magruder MacDonald, who, in the
absence of Dr. Rogers, ordered a sec
ond inquest. The jury, unmoved by the
testimony of several new witnesses, in
cluding Mrs. Kizer and her daughter
Ruth, who had been too ill to attend
the first inquest, decided to let the
suicide verdict stand,
Kizer also carried another $750 policy,
but, since It had been in effect for
more than a year, it was not con
testable.
I
anese population is impossible unless
the Chinese withdraw to a safe distance.
4. Establishment of a neutral zone is
acceptable and perhaps Japan may ac
cept a permanent agreement that no
Chinese troops be allowed w'ithin a
stipulated distance of Shanghai's In
ternational Settlement. Such an agree
ment would be similar to the Tientsin
Boxer protocol.
5. It is impossible for Japan to agree
under any circumstances to participa
tion of any third power in the negotia
tions with China so far as the Man
churian controversy is concerned. _
DOCTORS ACCUSED
OF RUM “SELLING"
“Bootlegging” Their Pre
scriptions. Bevan Tells Sen
ate Subcommittee.
A charge was made and denied be
fore a Senate subcomimttee today that
"over 90 per cent" of liquor prescrip
tions issued by doctors are "bootlegging
prescriptions.”
The statement was made by Dr. Ar
thur Dean Bevan, head of the surgical
department of Rush Medical College of
the University of Chicago, and a former
president of the American Medical As
sociation.
Statement Challenged.
He was disputed by Dr William F.
Lorenz, director of the University of
Wisconsin Psychiatric Institute, who
said he was "amazed at any one malign
ing the medical profession to that ex
tent."
"A large number of doctors have not
been able to resist tlr“ temptation of
selling prescriptions, some selling their
whole quota of 400 a year." Bevan said.
Dr. Bevan appeared before the Manu
facturers' Subcommittee in opposition
to the Bingham bill to legalize 4 per
cent beer.
"Selling prescriptions makes it pos
sible for a doctor to make about $1,200
a year out of these," he continued.
“Of the 160.000 medical men in the
United States, the lower half makes less
than $2,500 a year.
Terrible Temptation.
“There has been a terrific temptation
to make $1,200 a year out of the pre
scription of alcohol.”
He said that of the 2.000 doctors in
Connecticut 99.9 per cent “take out
prescription books and write prescrip
tions ”
He said the only change in the atti
tude of the medical profession toward
prohibition since its enactment was
found in the issuance of bootleg pre
scriptions."
Hits Beer Drinking.
Discussing the effects of alcohol on
the human system, he said detrimental
effect on the heart and liver had been
shown among beer drinkers in Ger
many.
Even a small amount of alcohol in
the blood, he said, is sufficient to cause
unsteadiness.
"It would not be wise to have a sur
geon operate on you who had 0.1 per
cent of alcohol in his system." he said,
“or to ride in a train whose engineer
had that much alcohol in his system.
"Alcohol is a narcotic.” he said. "It
should be controlled just as cocaine is
controlled.”
Later Dr Bevan. in response to ques
tions from Chairman Metcalf of the
subcommittee, said doctors are “boot
legging prescriptions in the sense that
they are not issued for medical pur
poses but to be used as a beverage."
On a case of 24 pints of whisky, Dr,
Bevan said, a doctor makes $72 with the
price in such cities as New York and
Chicago at about $160 a case.
“This is made possible." he said, “by
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
BULLETIN
President Hoover has asked Secre
tary Mellon to accept the ambassa
dorship to Great Britain, but the
veteran Treasury head has not de
cided to accept it.
Reports that Mellon had been
chosen for the post vacated by
Charles G Dawes, president of the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation,
were called to the Secretary's atten
tion. and he said the President had
offered him the position, but he had
not had time to decide whether he
would accept.
• -
MILLION RELIEF
Leaders Agre>e to Substitute
for $375,000,000 Bill
for Direct Aid.
By the Associated Press.
Democratic leaders in the Senate
agreed today to offer a $750,000,000
road construction and unemployment
relief measure as a substitute for the
$375,000,000 bill for direct aid to the
jobless.
The Democratic Steering Committee
drafted a bill to provide $375,000,000
for road construction and $375,000,000
for loans to States to aid them in re
lieving distress among the unemployed
on a promise to repay.
The decision was reached just before
renewed appeals were made in the Sen
ate for action on the La Follette-Costi
gan bill to supply $375,000,000 of Fed
eral funds for direct relief.
Costigan Bares Distress.
A Nation-wide degradation of living j
standards, tragic effects on children of j
undernourishment and a mounting '
number of broken homes were described I
this afternoon by Senator Costigan. |
Democrat, of Colorado in support of
Federal unemployment relief appropria- [
tions.
Costigan urged the Senate to adopt
the $375,000,000 bill he and Senator La 1
Follette, Republican, Wisconsin, are
sponsoring.
Asserting that no more fundamental
problem has ever been presented to the
Senate. Costigan said "it involves noth
ing less than the inalienable right of
American citizens to life."
"The issue may be postponed by a re
luctant or timid Senate." Costigan said.
"It cannot, however, be evaded."
Defeat of the bill. Costigan said. 1
would open "a new and black chapter
of American history." and "American ;
traditions of pioneering heroism, noble
industry, dauntless daring. Democratic !
fellowship and matchless world-helping
generosity will have been trampled in
the dust.”
House Hearing Goes On.
Testifying before a House committee
on that bill. Karl de Schweinitz. execu
tive secretary of the Philadelphia Com
munity Council, said:
“I think we ought to recognize that
we have a dole right now. The real
harm is not from a dole but from un
employment.”
Walter West, secretary of the Amer
ican Association of Social Workers. New
York City, also indorsed the direct re
lief bill. He said the need for relief
was pyramiding at an astounding rate.
Oscar Ameringer, Oklahoma City.
Editor of the American Guardian, said
he had visited more than 30 States ir.
the last four months and asserted the
testimony “about conditions in various
local areas can be multiplied 100.000
times for the whole country.”
In the $750,000,000 substitute proposal
that will be offered by the Democrats
the $375,000,000 for road construction
would be available without being
matched by State funds as normal Fed
eral appropriations for roads are.
The $375,000,000 for relief would be
loaned to States under the pledge of the
Governors to seek legislation for its
repayment.
More than half of the States are
forbidden by law to borrow money and
thus would require special legislation
to enable them to repay funds borrowed
from the Federal Government.
Bomb Near Premier’s Home.
CAIRO. February 3 (JP) — A bomb
with a lighted fuse was found today
lying outside the home of Premier
Sidky Pasha, a Wafdist newspaper said.
The fuse of the bomb, which was said
to be an amateurish type, was extin
guished by a policeman.
—... —• -
Radio Programs on Page A-1G
i
L
Makes Eleventh-Hour Effort
to Obtain Quota—Final
Meeting Tonight.
With their goal of $2.601.000 some
$369,413.29 away. Community Chest
solicitors today strained all their re
sources in an eleventh-hour effort to
prevent the unfortunate from suffering.
The final report meeting will be held
tonight at 7:30 in the Willard Hotel.
Pledges of $113,104.93 reported yes
terday increased the grand total to
$2,231,586.71 and represented the big
gest single day's work since the drive
began, January 24. Leaders were par
ticularly encouraged over the prospects
for today as yesterday’s collections more
than doubled those for the day before.
Edward F. Colladay. general cam
paign chairman, predicted success would
be almost assured if the workers could
reach by tonight all who have not yet
given.
"The Spirit of Victory.”
"If we can wake Washington up to
the seriousness of the situation that
exists,” Mr. Colladay said, "if we can
make these people who have not given
realize that the very lives of little ones,
the comfort of people no longer able
to care for themselves, the hope of
family breadwinners who are forced
to see their dependents suffer, the
care of the sick and injured de
pend upon our reaching this goal. I am
sure that Washington will respond.
"The spirit of determination shown
by our workers today is the spirit of
victory. I feel that they are aroused
to the point in the battle where they
are prepared to sweep all before them,
and I do not believe that any non
giver can stand before their assaults.
With the eyes of the whole Nation upon
us. we dare not fail to reach our goal,
and I believe that these devoted work
ers are going to see to it that we do
not fail.”
Dr. Sizoo Optimistic.
An optimistic outlook was envisoned
by Rev. Joseph R. Sizoo. pastor of the
New York Avenue Presbyterian Church.
"I have a sense that somehow we
shall not fail.” he declared. "The Gov
ernment workers have made good. The
well-to-do, solicited by the special gifts
unit, have made good. It is the balance
of us, the people who represent the
cross-section of the entire city, who are
breaking down, and this must not be.
"I would mean the breaking down of
the spirit of democracy, w'hich inspires
us to share responsibilities. It would
mean that W’e are willing to share in
times of prosperity, but not when there
is a real need. If we fail, democracy
will be challenged, it will mean that
we have no heart. I tell you that we
have the machinery, the workers and
the publicity. What we need is more
heart. Throw your whole life into this
thing. It is largely in your hands and
you must not fail.”
Use of the emergency pledge cards
was recommended by Elwood Street.
Chest director.
First Lady's Letter Read.
A letter of congratulation from Mrs.
Herbert Hoover was read by John Poole,
Chest president.
H. L. Rust, jr., chairman of the
Metropolitan Unit, introduced Mount
Vernon, a sleek black cat chosen as
mascot of his group. The pet dis
played little interest until someone pro
duced a box of sardines.
Donations of $80,319.40 were report
ed by Mr. Rust. The Group Solicita
tion Unit, headed by Lloyd B. Wilson,
received $21,511.52. Clarence A Aspin
wall, chairman of the Special Gifts
Unit, turned in $6,250, including $1,000
from Gen. John J. Pershing. Sidney
P. Taliaferro, head of the Schools Unit,
announced subscriptions of $5,024.01.
The 10 teams of the Metropolitan
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
CAPPER ASKS CHANGE
Seeks to Amend Child Labor Law
for Theater Troupes.
An amendment to the District child
labor law, introduced by Chairman Cap
per of the Senate District Committee
would enable boys under 16 and girls
under 18 to take part in traveling
theatrical performances, under permits
issued by the Board of Education.
The permits would be issued upon a
showing that the children receive ed
ucational instruction.
SIX KILLED, 30 h URI
BV SEVERE QUAKE
IN SANTIAGO, CUBA
First Estimate's Erroneous,
but Property Damage is
Reported Great.
AMERICANS IN AREA
ARE BELIEVED SAFE
Guggenheim Leaves Havana by
Air to Aid in Mobilizing
Relief.
Reports to the Navy in mid
afternoon placed the number
of dead in the Santiago earth
quake at 12, with 250 injured.
By the Associated Press
SANTIAGO. Cuba. February 3.—
Early estimates of the casualties in a
series of earth shocks which struck
this city early today were found to be
too high, with the issuance of an of
ficial announcement placing the num
ber of dead at 6 and the number of
injured at 30
Property damage was extensive and
few buildings escaped unscathed The
walls of a small maternity hospital
collapsed and it was reported that a
mother and new-born twins had been
killed.
The first shock, shortly after 1
o'clock in the morning, affected only
the business district, but word of the
quake spread quickly and threw the
city into a panic.
Immediately there came a flood of
rumors which said 1,500 had been
killed and at least as many more in
jured. When cooler hands' took hold
the list of casualties melted away.
Mayor Aznar ordered the gas and
electric services shut off to prevent fire
and sent word to Havana that the local
authorities could handle the emer
gency.
Guggenheim Leaves Havana.
Nevertheless. United States Ambassa
dor Guggenheim started irom Havana
bv air. a number of other government
officials headed for Santiago and relief
o’ganizations mobilized their facilities.
Very few Americans live in this vicin
ity and it was thought none of them
had been hurt.
In quick succession lighter shocks fol
lowed the first. The walls of the jail
fell in. but most of the inmates escaped
and those who were not hurt went to
work with the police and such troops
as were available, cleaning up the de
bris and standing guard to prevent the
looting of wrecked buildings.
The two tall towprs of the imposing
cathedral were thought to have been
cracked and it was feared they might
topple into the street.
Fleet Sends Aid.
i Help came by air from the United
States fleet at Guantanamo and the
naval doctors set up emergency dressing
stations tor the injured.
Apparently the greatest damage was
confined to the Santiago business sec
tion. although there were ieports that
the town of El Cobre. a few miles to the
west had been badly damaged and that
the district of Vista Allegre had been
affected.
The frightened residents of Santiago
packed up enougli lood to last them
tor a while and went out into the open
country. Stores were closed, train serv
ice was interrupted and there was prac
tically no traffic on the streets.
The authorities believed that things
would be back to normal within a few
days, although it seemed probable that
the refugees would stay away from the
built-up section until they were sure
there was no more danger.
This city of about 130.000 on the
southern coast of the island's eastern
end was destroyed by an earthquake
early in the nineteenth century, but
was rebuilt and became the largest cen
ter in Eastern Cuba.
Second City of Cuba.
Picturesquely nestled in an amphi
theater of hills, the seaport of Santiago
is the second most important city of
the Republic of Cuba. It is situated on
the southern coast of the eastern end
of the island. Santiago's population in
1925 numbered about 70.000.
The city has suffered greatly from
earthquakes in the past. Records show
severe tremors in 1675, 1679. 1766 and
1852. Loyal citizens promptly under
took rehabilitation after each of the
previous earth shocks and the city had
been extensively repaired. Most of the
homes are one-story dwellings
Streets, the water supply and other
public works and sanitation have been
greatly improved since the end of colo
nial rule. One of the outstanding struc
tures in the city is a school house of
native limestone, built by the American
military government on a hill overlook
ing the city as a model for the rest of
the island. The mountains surrounding
the city make Santiago the hottest city
of Cuba, but are valuable mines of
iron, copper and manganese. Their
production provides the province with
prosperity. In the city there are also
foundries, soap works, tan yards and
cigar factories.
The city engages in the export- of
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2.)
WIFE HELD IN SHOOTING
Husband Says She and Alleged
Suitor Tried to Kill Him.
GREENSBORO N. C„ February 3
UP).—B. B. Owens, insurance man. and
Mrs. W. E. French, charged with at
tempting to kill Mrs. French's husband,
remained in jail here today without
privilege of bail and continued silent.
French said his wife lured him to a
lonely spot, where Owens alighted from
another car and shot him. and that
the couple then nearly ran over him
with his own car in speeding from the
scene. French's condition is still con
sidered serious, but he was expected to
live.
Owens denied the shooting, saying
he was at a theater when it occurred.
STUDENTS PLAN EXODUS
LAFAYETTE. Ind., February 3 UP).—
Purdue University’s Chinese colony is
about to be diminished.
Ten of the 30 young men from China
who are attending Purdue prepared to
day to leave to enlist in the movement
tp repel the Japanese.
, • ■•y*
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