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WEATHER. The only evening paper
<U. 8. Weather Bureau rorecait.) t \l/_ .L. • >U. Increasing cloudiness; slightly warmer Washington With the tonight; tomorrow cloudy, probably rain; Associated PreSS newt somewhat colder tomorrow night. Temperatures—Highest, 44, at 4 p.m. Service, yesterday; lowest, 30. at 8 a.m. today. . Full report on page 16. ^ - ■ ■ ■ ..— ■■ ■ ■z . Z v M 1 a P TTTTTTe WITH SUKDAT MORNING EDITION Yesterday’s Circulation, 123,629 Closing N. Y. Markets, Paget 13,14 & 15. .. .. .- ■ — .... “NY qo HV7 Entere.7777cond C mat«er““ WASHINGTON, D 0., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1932—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. ** <*> Meant As,coated Pres,. TWO CENTS. jSo. oJ,UO(. p0!!t offlre. Washington. D. C._ Y\ ,---’- - ---- -- - -- •» SHELLS FALL IN U. S. ZONE AT SHANGHAI JAPAN TO LAND TROOPS IN NEUTRAL TERRITORY; TOKIO GIVES NEW PLEDGE Aerial Bombing of Cbapei Renewed. 2 U. S. MISSIONS ARE ATTACKED Japanese Admit 350 Sailors Killed by Chinese Snipers. By the Associated Press. Fresh reports of Japanese plans for further activities in China came to the American Govern ment today while officials worked at the next diplomatic effort to end hostilities. Word that a detachment of Japanese infantry would be landed in the International Set tlemeDt. at Shanghai tomorrow was sent, the Navy by Admiral Montgomery M. Taylor, com mander fjt the American naval forces there. The report by Admiral Taylor wad sent shortly after news that shells had fallen in the United States Marine section of the In ternational Settlement. The admiral reported that Shanghai municipal police were being permitted by the Japanese to resume their duties in certain parts of the Japanese sector of the settlement. In a dispatch sent at i0:55 a.m., Shanghai time. Col. R. S. Hooker, com manding the Marines in the Interna tional Settlement, reported seven shells from Chinese anti-aircraft guns fell in the Marine regimental area and that an eighth 6hell, a dud,-fell in a Hous ton detachment billet in Japanese Dong Bhin mill. Japanese planes at the time the dis patch was sent were continuing to fly over and alongside the edge of the settlement. * Rear Admiral Yancey S. Williams, commander of the Yangtze patrol, now istationed on his flagship at Hankow, reported everything was quiet there and that the city is peacefully cele brating the Chinese New Year. t'. S. MISSIONS ATTACKED. Flyers Renew Raids on Chapei, Bombs Starting New Fires. Bi the Associated Press. SHANGHAI, February 6.—Two Amer ican mission houses in Shanghai w-ere attacked this afternoon while a fleet of airplane bombers roared overhead, battering for the second time today the flattened sector of Chapei. Japanese bluejackets forcibly entered and ransacKed the American Presby terian mission and press on North Szcchuen road, well within the area oc cupied by the Japanese. They forced their way into the building in spite of an official notice of the American con sul which was nailed up on the en trance to the property. The American Southern Methodist Episcopal Mission in Hongkew, which last week was ransacked by the blue jackets, was subjected to a shelling from the light artillery guns in Chapei dur ing the afternoon, and mission officials ^(.Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) AMERICANS LEAVING CAPITAL OF CHINA Wanking Being Evacuated Upon Advice of United States • Authorities. By the Associated Press. NANKING, February 6. —Virtually all Americans in Nanking began to leave the city today on the advice of American authorities. Willis Peck, United States consul general, said officials advised the evac uation, pointing out that it was im possible to predict when traffic will be resumed on the Shanghal-Nanking Railway, and that navigation on the Yangtze River as well as rail traffic on the Tukow-Tientsln line may be ob structed if military operations continue. One contingent of Americans, mostly •women and children, left Nanking yes terday and went to Shanghai, also on the advice of United States authorities. The city has been quiet since it was ^belled earlier in the week by Japanese warships, but the officials believed it (best for all woman and children and Enen not engaged in vital occupations En leave while the transportation facili )ti"s were still functioning. A special foreign relations commis sion of the government sat for four ■hours today discussing the proposals inf the powers for a settlement of the Bino-Japanese dispute. The results of |the discussion were not announced. Premier Wang Ching-Wei and Feng Yu-Hsiang, member of the National Council, arrived from Loyang, the tem porary capital, today to discuss diplo matic affairs with Foreign Minister Lo ^en-Kan. Although today is Chinese New Year Way and ordinarily one of the gayest Ways of the year, no signs of festivity mere to be seen here. Instead, the city presented a picture of a depressed peo ple living in daily fear of a bombard ment or aerial attack by the Japanese. Unemployment has increased, adding >o the depression and misery. -• 1 Radio Programs on Page B-12 ! Tokio Statement _ Japan Reported Offering Defense for Increasing Force in Shanghai. By th© Associated Press. TOKIO, February 6—A new state ment by the Japanese government today is expected to set lorth the following five reasons for increasing her military force in the Shanghai district: (1) Japanese bluejackets in Shang hai are opposing a Chinese force 10 times their strength. (2) The object motivating Japan is the same which has prompted other powers to increase their forces at Shanghai. e3.t Activities of additional Japanese troops being sent to Shanghai will be confined to protecting the interests and safety of 30,000 Japanese residents, and to carry out Japan's share in the de i fense of the International Settlement. (4) The new Japanese troops will not attack the Chinese unless the Chinese interfere with the performance of those specific duties. (5) Shanghai presents an entirely 1 separate issue from Manchuria. Official circles here intimated today I that since the powers have complained of the use of the International Settle ment as a Japanese base nr the ac | tivities in Shanghai, the only alterna | tive is to reinforce the Japanese blue I jackets, for the present force is too weak j numerically to act in any other way. NEW HEM FACED BY FOREIGN ZONE Possibility of Japanese Troops Landing There Worries Powers. BY CONSTANTINE BROWN. The possibility of landing Japanese troops in the International Settlement in Shanghai is the principal worry of the American and other governments which have joined in their demand that the International Settlement be kept out of the fighting between the Jap anese and the Chinese forces. A Japanese division is expected to land in Shaighai within the next 24 hours. In accordance with the prom ises of the Japanese foreign office, the troops will avoid Involving the Inter national Settlement in their action against the Chinese. Consequently the Western powers fully expect the Japanese troops will land in the Woosung area after the forts have been reduced. This, at least, is the intimation received from the Japanese government. Good Faith Indicated. The action of the Japanese Navy, which has been hammering those forts for the past five days in order to re duce them to silence and enable the establishment of a bridgehead, seems to indicate the Japanese intend to keep their pledge. On the other hand, reports received today from Shanghai indicate the Chinese are still holding their own and a Japanese landing in the Woosung area will be extremely difficult and could be performed only with a heavy loss of life. On account of this situation and if the Japanese naval guns are not able to drive the Chinese forces from this 1 area, it is feared the Japanese may go back on their original promise and en- j deavor to effectuate a landing in the International Settlement, whence they can proceed and attack the Chinese without much trouble. The commanders of the foreign troops in the settlement have very I liberal powers to deal wdth such an emergency. They are guided in their action by ' t_he broad policy of their respective ! (Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) URUGUAY ACTS TO BLOCK DEMONSTRATION BY REDS By the Associated Press. MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, February 6. —President Terra and the Uruguayan government moved today to take pre cautions against the possibility of a Communist outbreak in the country after an address last night in the Chamber of Deputies by Jose Lazar raga. a Communist member. Deputy Lazarraga, dressed in work man’s clothes, overalls and cap, with no shirt or collar, attempted a speech against the "Bourgoisie” protesting against what he said were persecutions by the authorities. His speech was in terrupted by a great uproar and the session ended in disorder. SaysTroopsWill Go When Goal Is Attained. LARGER FORCE SPLITS CABINET Stimson at ^ ork on Peace Plan, Meet ing Objections. By the Associated Press. TOKIO, February 6—A pledge that the military reinforcements which are being sent from Japan to Shanghai will be withdrawn as soon as their object is ac complished Will be contained in an explanatory statement by the Japanese government, which will be published in London, Paris, Geneva and Shanghai to morrow, It was stated on gu^u authority here today. The statement, which was orig inally intended to be issued today, but which was delayed for some reason, possibly because of the chance of a reduction of the num ber of troops to be sent, will at tempt, it was understood, to re move misgivings of the powers and to explain the reasons which led to the sending of the rein forcements. It is being issued as a result of action of the British and American governments, which were understood to have conveyed “expressions of disappointment” to Japan on learning of her in tention. Will Fight Drastic Action. The attitude of Japan regarding further and more drastic action by the League of Nations on the Sino-Japa nese problem will be that you can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink, a government spokesman said. Instructions were sent from Tokio during the day to Naotake Sato, Japa nese spokesman at the League Council at Geneva, ordering him to oppose to the utmost the application of article 15 of the League covenant against Ja pan, as requested by the Chinese repre sentative, W. W. Yen. Article 15 is one of the “drastic action” provisos of the League covenant. It does not call for economic boycotts, as article 16 does, but it opens the way for submitting the entire question to the full Assembly of the League. Under it the League Council may make a de cision after commanding statements of the case from both sides of the con troversy. Withdrawal Threat Unverified. Although the newspaper Asahi said the foreign office informed Sato Japan would resist the application of article 15, even to the extent of withdrawing from the League, the foreign office de clined to confirm this statement. It (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) $20,000,000 RELIEF VOTED IN ILLINOIS Governor to Sign Bill to Make Public Funds Available for Jobless in State. By the Associated Press. SPRINGFIELD, 111., February 6.—A measure making $20,000,000 In public money available for unemployment re lief in Cook County and the rest of the State has been passed by the special Illinois Assembly. The Senate voted favorably over the opposition of downstate legislators and the Governor announced shortly after ward he would sign it. Directors of the Cook County joint emergency relief fund, finding private contributions exhausted, informed the Governor a half million needy there would be exposed to hardships if the public coffers wore not opened at once. The measure, with four companion bills intended to set the machinery in motion, provides for the immediate rais ing of the money through sale of State tax anticipation warrants. One half of the funds is to go to Cook County and the other half to the remainder of the State DEFENDER OF U. S. FLAG SEIZED UNDER IMMIGRATION LAW Australian Whose Part of Soldier Hero in "Fall of a Nation" Was Subject for Poster. By the Associated Press. LOS ANGELES, February 6.—An Australian, who was shown defending the American flag on a poster to en courage enlistment for the World War, is in the county jail here for overstay ing his leave as an alien visitor in the United States. Arthur Shirley, the Australian, played the soldier-hero in “The Fall of a Na tion” and scenes from this film were used for recruiting purposes. After producing pictures in England and Australia, Shirley returned here November 30, 1930, entering with a i visitor's visa entitling him to a slx month stay. He was granted one six month extension, but immigration offi cials said they never received a second application. Shirley said he mailed the papers and they must have been lost. “If they deport me. it will ruin my life," Shirley said. "I came here to produce a series of pictures to be called 'The Truth About Hollywood’ depict ing the better side of the film city. "My finances are all tied up in the venture. My first wife left me and since my return here I have become engaged to an American girl. I filed suit for divorce In the local courts.” Kotbad AT ALL OL'AiANl GLAD You MADE me TAKE/-' PLUNGEM EX-DICTATOR, DIES Former President of Peru, Long in Poor Health, Ex pires at Bellavista. By the Associated Press. LIMA, Peru, February 6.—Augusto de Leguia, 68, former President of Peru, whose administration recently was under discussion before a committee of the United States Senate, which was in vestigating foreign loans, died here to day. He died at the naval hospital at Bel lavista, where he had been cared for j by an American physician since he was, I transferred from Lima Penitentiary. He j ; had been in poor health for a long time. “Problem” Solved. Peru's “Leguia problem” was solved I automatically with the passing of the ! former President and dictator, political i observers here believed. Many persons had expressed the opinion he should be ! released because of his old age. but no one in the governments which have i preceded the present regime of Luis | Sanchez Cerro thought it proper to, i grant him his freedom. His son Juan still is in prison. After having ruled 11 years as Presi | dent, Leguia fled the country in August, j 1930, when a military revolt overthrew his administration. He collapsed aboard | a warship two days after the fall of his | I government and was operated on. He ; was detained aboard the warship pend ing trial for alleged irregularities, im prisoned on an Island at Callao for a time, then taken to the penitentiary here. Fined $7,625,000. With six relatives, he was tried in November, 1930, on charges of "illegal enrichment.” A large quantity of 1 jewels, including a gold crown, were found in his safes and deposit boxes and he and his sons were fined *7, 025,000 as reimbursement for alleged im proper transactions during his regime. 1 Last December the Peruvian Con gress asked he be tried as a traitor and a resolution recommending a trial for treason was approved by the National Assembly. During the Senate Committee investi gation at Washington last month Fred erick Strauss of the J. & W. Seligman Jo. of New York, told the committee a commission of $415,000 was paid to former President Leguia's son, Juan Leguia, for promoting $100,000,000 in loans to Peru, which now are in default. EVERYBODY TO LOOK UP TO POLA’S NEXT HUSBAND — Star Admits She Is Engaged to Chicago Man, but Keeps His Name a Secret. By the Associated Press, CHICAGO, February 6.—Pola Negri says she is engaged to marry a Chicago man. but his name is a secret. She did say. however, that “he is Wintering at his estate in Montecito, Calif.,” adding “that my next husband is going to be some one whom every one looks up to and admires.” Miss Negri, who is appearing on the stage of a loop theater, has been twice married to European nobility. KIDNAPERS HUNTED AS BANKER IS RESCUED Three Men and Woman Escape in Fusillade When Arizona Vic tim Is Pulled From Well. By the Associated Press. TUCSON, Ariz., February 6.—South ern Arizona officers today searched for three men and a woman, kidnapers of Gordon H. Sawyer, Tucson banker, who was rescued late yesterday from a dry well where he had been imprisoned. Sawyer, who was abducted about mid night Thursday, was pulled from his deep prison after officers had exchanged shots with the kidnapers. The banker was taken to a hospital for treatment for shock. The kidnapers had demand ed $60,000 ransom. A 20-year-old girl, Billie Adkins, was arrested but, questioned, denied knowl edge of either the abduction or the whereabouts of her father, known only as “Col.” Adkins, on whose ranch Sawyer was found. Officers wanted him for questioning and also were trying to determine whether the girl could have been the woman kidnaper. } Grave Digger Sinks A Hole So Deep It Keeps Him Prisoner By the Associated Press. MINOT, N. Dak . February 6. —Robert Link puts a lot into his work. Link is a grave digger. Yesterday residents near a cemetery heard shouts and won dered if a graveyard could give up so much noise until they in vestigated and found that Link had dug so deeply he couldn’t get out. They rescued him. SUP ROOSEVELT MOVE TO START, Smith Statement Will Be First of Party Leaders in Realignment. By the Associated Press. A sweeping realignment of Demo cratic presidential politics, designed to stop definitely the onrush of the Roose velt forces, draw new candidates into the picture and throw the decision squarely into the lap of the national convention itself, is about to be under taken by an imposing group of party leaders. Alfred E. Smith will make the first move tomorrow, when he Issues a state ment fully expected by informed lead ers to open the way for use of his name as a candidate in certain pivotal States. This will be followed by a nationwide effort to bring more favorite sons into the picture; to strengthen sentiment for uninstructed delegations in States having no real favorite, and to widen the influence qf various candidates al ready in the held against Roosevelt. Possible Garner Activity. Speaker Gamer of the House Is one of those whose supporters are expected to begin serious efforts to enlist dele gate strength. He already has been promised Tax** and some outside sup port, and although he has only laughed at these proposals, he now will be urged to let his name go into primaries in many places. Former Gov. Harry Byrd, Virginia’s favorite son, will be asked to file in cer tain States where his possible candi dacy is not now a factor. Headquarters for him have just been opened in Rich mond. With all of this will go a reinforce ment of the Roosevelt drive for dele gates, conducted up to now without any (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) SIR CHARLES ROSS SUED HERE BY WIFE Balance on Judgment in Scotland Sought From Baronet in Second Case. Sir Charles L. Ross. 1619 Massachu setts avenue, also known as Sir Charles Henry Augustus Frederick Lockhart Ross, Baronet of Balnagown, Scotland, was served last night by Deputy United States Marshal John J. Clarkson with papers In a suit for $16,491.04 brought against him in the District Supreme Court by the law firm of Dundas & Wilson of Edinburgh. The amount asked represents a balance due on a judgment rendered by the Scotland court in favor of Mrs. Patricia Ellison Ross, wife of the baronet, which had been assigned to the plaintiff. Attor ney Edward Stafford represents the plaintiff. Sir Charles was before the court some months ago in opposition 4o a suit for maintenance brought by his wife, in which a writ of ne exeat had been ob tained late in the afternoon. The baronet was not located until late that evening and was not able to give bail. Two deputies remained with him at the Mayflower Hotel for the night and brought him to court in the morning. The maintenance litigation was settled out of court, it was reported. / PLEA FOR mm Director Points to Increased Relief Over Last Year as Urgent Need for Funds. Renewed appeals for the $214,829 still outstanding in the $2,601,000 drive were made today by Community Chest solicitors. As an example of the unprecedented needs of Washington charitable organi zations this year, Elwood Street, Chest iirector, declared last night, in a talk jver Radio Station WOL, that the As sociated Charities has had to spent at least 90 per cent more for relief this January than during the same month last year, although an increase of only 40 per cent had been anticipated. “More than 90 persons," Mr. Street said, “applied for aid yesterday at the Chest's Central Information Bureau, maintained by the Council of Social Agencies, at 1418 I street. Majority Jobless. “Most of them were there because of unemployment. This would indicate quite clearly that the sum asked by j the Chest seems unlikely to be ade quate to meet the needs which are developing out of an unemployment sit- ' uation more serious than most of -us had realized." Mr. Street said the W'ashington Chest goal is less per capita than that askei in other cities. He explained it is about $5 per capita here as compared with $5.50 in Cleveland. $6 in Cincinnati and similar amounts in other large cities. In addition, he pointed out, Washington receives no tax money for charitable work, while some cities obtain large sums. “It ought to be possible easily to raise (Continued on Page 2, Column 7.) RETIRED OIL MAGNATE TAKES LIFE WITH GUN Daniel Weller, 60. Quit Presidency of Standard of Louisiana January 1. By the Associated Press. -NEW ROCHELLE, N. Y, February 6. — Daniel Weller, 60, who retired on January 1 as president of the Standard Oil Co. of Louisiana, committed suicide today by shooting himself in the head in the basement of his brother's home. For seven years Weller, whose home was in Baton Rouge, La., had been a director of the Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey and president of the Standard Oil Co. of Louisiana. Six weeks ago he and his wife came here to visit Col. Fred W. Weller, his brother. This morning his wife found him lying dead in the cellar, and ad dressed to her was a note saying "Sorry I have to do this.” The widow and a son attributed his act to poor health. Weller was born in Oil City, Pa., and lived for several years in Cleveland be fore making his permanent home in Baton Rouge. 25 PER CENT CUT PROPOSED By CECIL Urges Reduction in Expenses I and Extension of League of Nations Covenant, WOULD ABOLISH PLANES ' AND CHEMICAL WARFARE Citizens of 56 Nations Demand Peace—French Proposal Stirs Conference, Br the Associated Press. GENEVA, February 6—Viscount Robert Cecil, president of the Interna- 1 tional Federation of League of Nations 1 Societies and known as the "grand old 1 man of disarmament,’’ laid before the 1 Disarmament Conference today a defi nite program of proposals Included in 1 which was a 25 per cent reduction of 1 world armament expenses. The proposals also called for an in- 1 crease in national security by the ex- < tension of the League of Nations covenant and arbitration treaties, inter- < nationalization of aviation, and prohi- ■ bition of chemical and bacteriological warfare. “We lay down,” he said, “that equal ity in disarmament between the victors and vanquished in the World War should be recognized in principle and that steps in that direction should be I taken by the present conference. Three Recommendations. “With this object, we make three definite recommendations: “First, acceptance by all signatories of the disarmament treaty of the prin ciple of budgetary limitation, that is, limitation of the amount spent every, year on armament by each nation. “Second, we propose prohibition for all nations of those kinds of armament which now are forbidden to the van quished powers. “Third, we recommend the establish ment of the same system for interna tional supervision of the armament of all countries.” “We urge, on the naval side, that there shall be built no more ships of more than 10,000-ton size . - . next we desire the abolition of submarines . . . as to land armament, we wish the abolition of tanks and large land guns. “If the conference would agree to the abolition of military aircraft it would not only render offensive military oper ations more difficult, but it would abolish what is surely a most barbar ous form of warfare, and would, in one important respect, equalize the armament conditions of the vanquished and victorious powers in the late war,” Citizens Demand Peace. The voice of the world at large echoed this morning in the ears of the delegates. Mr. and Mrs. Average Citizen of 56 countries demanded through their rep resentatives peace and disarmament. It was the first time since the abortive conference of Nicholas II that the man in the street and his wife were given official heed. Delegates of organizations numbering hundreds of millions_of men ana (Continued on Page 2. Column 8.) , FOUR MEAT PRODUCTS FACE BRITISH TARIFF Government Asked to Extend “Trade Bill'’ to Beet, Mutton, Lamb, Pork. By the Associated Press. LONDON, February 6.—The Daily Express today said J. F. Wright, leader of the Agricultural party, had declared the intention of the party to impress upon the government the need to ex tend its proposed tariff measures to in clude beef, mutton, lamb and pork. All of these were exempt under the class of ‘'meat” in yesterday’s enuncia- | tion of the ‘‘trade bill” by Neville | Chamberlain, chancellor of the ex- \ chequer. Under a headline reading ‘‘Farmers Revolt Against Government,” the Daily Express said corn farmers will protest against a proposal to tax maize 12 shillings a ton and barley for feeding 90 per cent. The free entry of pork also would be protested, the newspaper said, quoting Wright as declaring “im ports of pork from Denmark have al ready brought us to the verge of ruin.” The Express said not only bacon, but beef, mutton and lamb will be exempt from effects of the “trade bill,” while linseed cake, cotton cake and feeding stuffs in general will be subject to duty. ROMANCE IS SOUGHT FOR FILM BASED ON LIFE OF "JIM” DAVIS Senator Says Producer Wants Love Scenes, but He’s Going to O. K. Them First. Appalled at the thought of a movie devoid of romance, Hollywood has asked Senator "Jim" Davis for permission to inject a little of what film producers call "sex appeal" in the proposed pic ture, "The Iron Puddler,” based on Davis’ life. “Those fellows seem to think there ought to be some romance in the pro duction,” Senator Davis explained today in response to a query. “What do you mean by romance?” the Pennsylvania Senator and former cabinet officer was asked. “Well, they want a wedding scene and a courtship in the picture. I told the fellow who came to see me about it that I couldn’t give my approval until I had read the projected revision of the scenario. That’a all I’ve heard about it.” A • ■ K> t Senator Davis was asked about a re port that the romance sequence would be substituted for some of the matter on Mooseheart contained in Davis’ au tobiography, “The Iron Puddler.” He replied that there isn’t much about the Moose organization in the book. An inquiry as to whether Davis per sonally would play a role in the pic ture brought the retort that "they don’t want any one like me in it.” He delcared he knows little about the production and can't recall offhand the name of the producer. “All I know about it,” he said, “is that they asked permission to base a movie on my book, and I said I would have to O. K. the film first.” First news about the picture was pub lished about a year ago, while Davis was a Hollywood guest of Louis B. Mayer, film magnate, \ Jp Executive Conference Held at White House to Plan Na tional Campaign. :0L. FRANK KNOX TO PLAN PROCEDURE FOR DRIVE loover, Dawes, Mills and Other* Address Civic and Busines* Leaders on Proposal. 3y the Associated Press. President Hoover today obtained a manlmous pledge from twoscore na ional civic organizations to join in a inified campaign to stop money hoard rig that stifles business rejuvenation. After an executive conference of an lour and a half at the White House, it which the President pleaded for aid, t was disclosed by Charles G. Dawes hat Mr. Hoover had obtained a pledge >f support. Machinery of a definite campaign irganlzation, contemplated by the Pres dent, was left to a further meeting. Half Doeen Make Talks. Instructions were agreed on under vhich Col. Frank Knox, publisher of he Chicago Daily News, will work out i plan of procedure, to be submitted to he same group that met today. After addresses by the President, Dawes and Acting Secretary of the rreasury Mills, the group heard speeches by more than half a dozen of ts members. Among them were William Green, president of the American Federation of labor; Julius Barnes, chairman of ,he board of the United States Cham ber of Commerce, and Harry J. Haas, president of the American Bankers’ Association. The shortest was by John Thomas Taylor, legislative representative of the American Legion, saying; "More than 1,250.000 Legionnaires are behind you, Mr. President." Farm Leader Gives Program. On leaving the meeting, Edward A O'Neal, president of the American Farm Bureau. Federation, issued a statement on ‘‘organized agriculture’s three-step program for the restoration Df national prosperity." It included a 25 per cent cut in gov ernmental costs, to be brought about by reorganization; ‘‘a change in our credit structure to provide recognition of the basis of wealth, coupled with adjustments in our monetary system," and "a restoration of the purchasing power of agriculture." The federation head urged the broadening of the Federal Reserve re discount rate as calculated to “do more than any other one thing to restore public confidence in the soundness of our business structure.” The Chief Executive pointed out that ;he American monetary system depends upon a mobile currency, and that the 61.300,000.000 he estimates is hoarded pas caused a credit deflation of approx imately $10,000,000,000. President Cites Figures. The President had figures to show that partially because of hoarding and partially because of depressed security values, the gold backing of currency by the Federal Reserve System has risen from the legal 40 per cent to between 75 and 80 per cent. Mr. Hoover sat in his customary cab inet chair, with a small table before him. The remainder of the room, how ever, was stripped of its customary furniture. Cabinet chairs were moved into an adjoining hallway, and the long cabinet table was placed in the lobby of the executive offices. As the meeting assembled, Dawes circulated about the crow’d, smoking his familiar underslung pipe. The cabinet room was crowded to the doors by a throng apparently greater than had been expected. Finally all were in, however, and a majority seated upon narrow gilt chairs placed in close packed rows across the room. The man who will head the organiza tion. however, w'as absent. Col. Knox is now in New Hampshire. Pros pects were headquarters of the cen tral group, which is to co-ordinate the educational efforts of local organizations in every community, will be set up in Chicago. Hoover Studies Problem. President Hoover gave consideration last night to the problems presented hoarding. The solution he sees as at* of education. The Chief Executive was known m be appreciative of efforts by newspapers throughout the country to aid in ex plaining in simplified terms the funda mental economic results of withdrawing money from the credit stream. Suggestions have come to his desk that the Government overcome the re sults of hoarding simply by printing $1,300,000,000 of new currency. The impossibility of this, he has explained to inquirers, lies in the fact that each printed dollar must have behind it 40 cents worth of gold, with the remainder accounted for in part by paper eligible for Federal Reserve rediscount. Mr. Hoover feels that if hoarded money can be returned either to banks or put into sound investments, for more than this amount of gold can be brought back to the credit stream. The banking system is based in part upon the theory that for each actual dollar of currency up to $10 of credit can be circulated. POTOMAC RIVER RISING Fall Expected Tonight, However, Without Any Damage. With additional rain predicted for to morrow, the Potomac River, above the tidal line, was expected to go higher by early tonight than at any time in the past year. Slight overflows may result in the lowlands, but the river was ex pected to begin to fall again tonight without causing any particular damage. The water at Key Bridge rose from 2.3 feet at 9 o’clock this morning to 2.7 at noon and at Sycamore Island from 6.9 at 8 a.m. to 6.3&efete» hounulaler.